List of metropolitan areas in Indonesia

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The government of Indonesia defines a metropolitan area as an urban agglomeration where its spatial planning is prioritised due to its highly important influence on the country.[1] The metropolitan areas in Indonesia are managed based on Presidential Regulation (Peraturan Presiden). The national government has established 10 metropolitan areas across the country, anchored by the cities of Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandung, Semarang, Medan, Makassar, Palembang, Denpasar, Banjarmasin, and Manado. Despite having no official metropolitan areas recognised on national level, there are several cities whose urbanisation exceeds their city limits such as Yogyakarta, Malang, and Cirebon.

Official metropolitan areas[edit]

Metropolitan area Image Official acronym Regencies and cities Area
Jakarta metropolitan area Jakarta - Magdalinski.jpg Jabodetabekpunjur 7,062.47 33,430,285 [3]
Surabaya metropolitan area Tunjungan Plaza 23 June 2019.jpg Gerbangkertosusila 5,925.84 9,570,870 [4]
Bandung metropolitan area Bandung View dari Gedung Wisma HSBC Asia Afrika 4.jpg Bandung Basin 3,411.35 8,357,393 [5]
Semarang metropolitan area Simpang Lima Semarang - panoramio.jpg Kedungsepur 4,298.43 5,689,149 [6]
Medan metropolitan area Medan.. Downtown.jpg Mebidangro 3,146.62 4,601,565 [7]
Makassar metropolitan area Makassar, March 2019.jpg Mamminasata 2,667 2,621,168 [8]
Palembang metropolitan area Ampera Palembang - panoramio.jpg Patungraya Agung 7,585.96 2,570,981 [9]
Denpasar metropolitan area Goodbye Bali! wonderful place. Denpasar, Bali, viewed from the plane after take-off. (8295463423).jpg Sarbagita 732.67 2,388,680 [10]
Banjarmasin metropolitan area Tugu Proklamasi Kalimantan Selatan.jpg Banjarbakula 8,136.36 1,939,347 [11]
Manado metropolitan area Manado skyline from waterfront 4.jpg Bimindo 1,379.26 830,137 [12]

Built-up urban areas[edit]

The followings are the contiguous urban areas in Indonesia, with a population of over one million, according to Demographia's "World Urban Areas" study. Demographia defines an urban area (urbanised area agglomeration or urban centre) as a continuously built up land mass of urban development that is within a labor market (metropolitan area), without regard for administrative boundaries (city).[13]

Rank Urban area Area
1 Jakarta 3,540 34,540,000 Jakarta's built-up urban area extends beyond its official metropolitan area, including Karawang.
2 Bandung 487 7,065,000 Although Surabaya metropolitan area has a larger population than Bandung metropolitan area, the former comprises more rural areas while the latter has more dense urban population.
3 Surabaya 911 6,499,000
4 Medan 478 3,632,000 Medan is the largest urban area outside of Java island.
5 Semarang 259 1,992,000 Although Semarang metropolitan area is the fourth most populous in Indonesia, it actually comprises a significant portion of rural areas. Semarang's urban population is much smaller than Medan.
6 Makassar 178 1,952,000 Makassar is the largest urban area outside of Java and Sumatra.
7 Palembang 221 1,889,000 Palembang is the third largest urban area outside of Java island, after Medan and Makassar.
8 Yogyakarta 230 1,568,000 Although it has no metropolitan area recognised on national level, Yogyakarta has the eighth largest urban population in Indonesia, extending far beyond its small city proper area of 32.5 km2.[14] Nevertheless, the urban area, known locally as Kartamantul, is managed through Sekretariat Bersama Kartamantul with patronage of the provincial government.
9 Malang 212 1,493,000 Although it has no metropolitan area recognised on national level, Malang urban population extends far beyond its administrative area of 145 km2.[14]
10 Denpasar 177 1,389,000 Denpasar is the second largest urban area outside of Java and Sumatra, after Makassar.
11 Batam 243 1,362,000 As an island-city, Batam has not developed a metropolitan area with its surrounding regions, hence its urban population is entirely within its administrative area.
12 Pekanbaru 239 1,118,000 Pekanbaru has no metropolitan area recognised on national level, and its urban population is pretty much concentrating in its city proper.
13 Surakarta 477 1,106,000 Although it has no metropolitan area recognised on national level, Surakarta's urban population extends far beyond its administrative area of 46 km2.[14]
14 Cirebon 105 1,017,000 Although it has no metropolitan area recognised on national level, Cirebon's urban population extends beyond its administrative area of 37.4 km2.[14]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Bulletin Electronik". Archived from the original on 2 October 2017.
  2. ^ (Cugenang, Pacet, Sukaresmi and Cipanas districts)
  3. ^ "PU-net".
  4. ^ "PU-net".
  5. ^ "PU-net".
  6. ^ "PU-net".
  7. ^ "PU-net".
  8. ^ "PU-net".
  9. ^ "PU-net".
  10. ^ "PU-net".
  11. ^ "PU-net".
  12. ^ "PU-net".
  13. ^ a b "Demographia World Urban Areas, 14th Annual Edition" (PDF). April 2019. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 February 2020. Retrieved 9 February 2020.
  14. ^ a b c d "Indonesia: Administrative Division (Provinces, Regencies and Cities) - Population Statistics, Charts and Map".

External links[edit]