List of metropolitan areas of Peru

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For city populations, see list of cities in Peru.

The following is a list of the most populous Peruvian metropolitan areas with over 300,000 inhabitants.

Note that the populations of metropolitan areas are not city populations but rather a combination of a main large city and many other smaller satellite cities. In Peru, cities with a population of more than 500,000 and with a metropolitan development plan are considered metropolises.[1][2] As of the 2007 census, these cities are Lima, Arequipa, and Chiclayo.[3][4][5][6][7][8]

Metropolitan areas of Peru
Rank Image Coat of arms Metropolitan
area
Region 1993
population
2007
population
2016
population
[9]
1
Lima
Coat of arms of Lima.svg Lima Metropolitan Area Lima 6,321,173[3] 8,472,935[3] 9,886,647[10]
2
Arequipa
Arequipa Arequipa metropolitan area Arequipa 640,275 822,479[8] 998,047
3
Trujillo
EscudoDeTrujilloPeru.png Trujillo metropolitan area La Libertad 589,314 804,296[8] 909,498
4 Chiclayo
Chiclayo
Escudo de Chiclayo.PNG Chiclayo metropolitan area Lambayeque 550,179 697,861[8] 810,783
5 Piura
Piura
Escudo Piura.JPG Piura metropolitan area Piura - 450,363[11] 517,293
6 Iquitos
Iquitos
Escudo Loreto.JPG Iquitos metropolitan area Loreto - - 471,993
7 Cusco
The mountain Huayna Picchu overlooks the ruins of Machu Picchu
Cusco metropolitan area Cusco - - 434,654
8 chimbote
Chimbote
Coat of arms of Chimbote.svg Chimbote metropolitan area Ancash - - 381,742
9 Huancayo
Huancayo
Pe ehuan.gif Huancayo metropolitan area Junin - - 364,010
Sources:
Law of Territorial Demarcation[2]
1993 population: Lima metropolitan area,[3] Trujillo metropolitan area,[4] Arequipa metropolitan area[6] - 1993 census (INEI)
2007 population: Lima metropolitan area,[3] Trujillo metropolitan area,[5] Arequipa metropolitan area,[7] Chiclayo metropolitan area[12][13] - Censo 2007 (INEI)
Estimated 2015 population[9] (INEI)

Composition[edit]

Trujillo Main Square, in honor to the city the Freedom Monument by sculptor Edmund Möeller
  • Lima metropolitan area

Lima metropolitan area is composed of 6 sub regions that group 43 urban districts of Lima Province and 6 districts of Callao Province. These sub regions are the Lima Norte, Lima Sur, Lima Este, Residential Lima, Central Lima, and Callao with a total estimated population in 2015 of 9.886.647 people.[10]

  • Trujillo metropolitan area
Composition Estimated
population 2016[9]
Category
of the Subdivision
Trujillo 392.796 District
Florencia de Mora 60.571 District
El Porvenir 183.232 District
La Esperanza 190.546 District
Victor Larco Herrerra 71.847 District
Huanchaco 84.285 District
Moche 35.323 District
Laredo 32.167 District
Salaverry 19.942 District
Total 1,070.709 --
  • Chiclayo: Chiclayo, Eten, Leonardo Ortiz, La Victoria, Monsefú, Pimentel, Pomalca, Puerto Eten, Reque, Santa Rosa, Lambayeque and San José.[14]
Composition Estimated
population 2016[9]
Category
of the Subdivision
Chiclayo 291.777 District
Eten 10.571 District
Leonardo Ortiz 193.232 District
La Victoria 90.546 District
Monsefú 31.847 District
Pimentel 44.285 District
Pomalca 25.323 District
Puerto Eten 2.167 District
Reque 14.942 District
Santa Rosa 12.687 District
Lambayeque 77.234 District
San José 16.172 District
Total 810.783 --
  • Piura: Piura, Castilla, Catacaos.[15]
Composition Estimated
population 2016[9]
Category
of the Subdivision
Piura and Veintiséis de Octubre District 301.311 District
Castilla 143.203 District
Catacaos 72.779 District
Total 517.293 --
  • Iquitos: Iquitos, Punchana, San Juan Bautista, Belén.[16]
Composition Estimated
population 2016[9]
Category
of the Subdivision
Iquitos 150.484 District
Belén 75.685 District
Punchana 91.128 District
San Juan Bautista 154.696 District
Total 471.993 --
  • Cusco: San Jerónimo, Cusco, Santiago, Wanchaq, San Sebastián.[17]
Composition Estimated
population 2016[9]
Category
of the Subdivision
Cusco 118.316 District
San Jerónimo 47.101 District
Santiago 90.154 District
Wanchaq 63.778 District
San Sebastián 115.305 District
Total 434.654 --
  • Chimbote: Chimbote, Nuevo Chimbote y Coishco.[10][18]
Composition Estimated
population 2016[9]
Category
of the Subdivision
Chimbote 214.804 District
Nuevo Chimbote 151.127 District
Coishco 15.811 District
Total 381.742 --
  • Huancayo: Huancayo, El Tambo, Chilca.[19]
Composition Estimated
population 2016[9]
Category
of the Subdivision
Huancayo 116.953 District
El Tambo 161.429 District
Chilca 85.628 District
Total 364.010 --

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Planeamiento Urbano - Perú: Áreas metropolitanas (Pag. 3)" (PDF) (in Spanish). 
  2. ^ a b "Ley 27795 - LEY DE DEMARCACIÓN Y ORGANIZACIÓN TERRITORIAL (Pag. 19)" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved October 20, 2012. 
  3. ^ a b c d e INEI (ed.). "(spanish)INEI - Perfil socio demográfico del Perú". Retrieved October 25, 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "(spanish) Plan de Desarrollo Metropolitano de Trujillo-Plandemetru (Page. 35, 36)" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved October 25, 2012. 
  5. ^ a b PLANDET, ed. (2009). "Plan de Desarrollo Urbano Metropolitano de Trujillo 2012-2022(pág. 39)" (in Spanish). 
  6. ^ a b "(spanish)Plan Director de Arequipa Metropolitana 2002–2015 (page 22, 62)" (in Spanish). Retrieved October 25, 2012. 
  7. ^ a b INEI, ed. (2011). "(spanish)INEI:Arequipa Compendio estadístico 2011 - Arequipa Metropolitana, Población censada y estimada, Según Distritos (page 77)" (in Spanish). Retrieved October 25, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c d Municipalidad de Chiclayo (ed.). "(spanish)Plan de desarrollo urbano ambiental de Chiclayo 2015" (in Spanish). 
  9. ^ a b c d e f g h i INEI (ed.). "Peru: Estimated population by sex according to Departamento, province and district 2013- INEI" (PDF) (in Spanish). Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  10. ^ a b c INEI (ed.). "(spanish)INEI - PERÚ: ESTIMACIONES Y PROYECCIONES DE POBLACIÓN TOTAL POR SEXO DE LAS PRINCIPALES CIUDADES, 2013-2015" (PDF) (in Spanish). 
  11. ^ Municipalidad Provincial de Piura. "Plan de Desarrollo Urbano de los Distritos de Piura, Veintiséis de Octubre, Castilla y Catacaos al 2032 (page 29)" (PDF) (in Spanish). 
  12. ^ INEI, ed. (2008). "Población de la Región Lambayeque según Provincias y distritos - Resultados del censo 2007" (in Spanish). Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  13. ^ INEI, ed. (2008). "Censos Nacionales 2007: XI de Población y VI de Vivienda - Sistema de Consultas de Resultados Censales (INEI)" (in Spanish). Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  14. ^ "MODERNIZACION DE LA GESTION DEL DESARROLLO URBANO DE LA PROVINCIA DE CHICLAYO (Pag. 6)" (PDF) (in Spanish). 
  15. ^ Municipalidad de Piura, ed. (2008). "PLAN DE DESARROLLO CONCERTADO DE LA PROVINCIA DE PIURA 2009-2014 (page 67)" (in Spanish). 
  16. ^ "PLAN LOCAL PROVINCIAL DE SEGURIDAD CIUDADANA DE MAYNAS (Pags. 42,44,45)" (PDF) (in Spanish). 
  17. ^ "INEI - Conociendo Cusco (POBLACION CUSCO METROPOLITANO, Pag. 24)" (in Spanish). 
  18. ^ "PLAN DE DESARROLLO CONCERTADO DE LA PROVINCIA DEL SANTA 2007-2015 (Pag. 34)" (PDF) (in Spanish). 
  19. ^ "Plan de desarrollo Urbano de Huancayo (Pag. 50)" (PDF) (in Spanish).