List of metropolitan areas that overlap multiple countries
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See also: Transborder agglomeration
Here is a list of metroplexes that overlap multiple countries:
Excluded from list is:
- City-states being part of the overlap. One example of that would be Rome since Vatican City is isolated within Italy.
- Brazzaville, the capital of the Republic of the Congo, lies directly across the Congo River from Kinshasa, the capital of the Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Goma, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Gisenyi, Rwanda
- Livingstone, Zambia, and Victoria Falls, Zimbabwe
- City of Lomé, the capital of Togo, extends over the border to Ghana
- Aqaba, Jordan; Eilat, Israel; and Taba, Egypt
- Tel Aviv, Israel metropolitan area covers an area of the West Bank that includes Israeli as well as Palestinian towns.
- Jerusalem, Israel metropolitan area covers an area of the West Bank that includes Israeli as well as Palestinian towns.
- Al Ain, UAE and Al Buraimi, Oman
- Dibba Al-Fujairah,UAE and Dibba Al-Baya, Oman
- Astara, Iran and Astara, Azerbaijan in coast of the Caspian sea
- Vientiane, the capital of Laos, spills over the Thai–Lao Friendship Bridge (Saphan Mittaphap) to Nong Khai province, Thailand
- Singapore together with Johor Bahru in Malaysia and Batam, Bintan, and Great Karimun in Indonesia, also called the Sijori Growth Triangle.
- Hong Kong's metropolitan area spills over its border with Mainland China into Shenzhen and Dongguan.
- Macau's urban sphere stretches across the border of China into Zhuhai.
Within the European Union
- Vienna-Bratislava metropolitan area overlaps Austria and Slovakia
- Strasbourg-Ortenau Eurodistrict, France and Germany
- San Sebastian metropolitan area, Spain and France
- Meuse-Rhine Euroregion extends over Maastricht, Netherlands, Liège, Belgium and Aachen, Germany
- Øresund Region extends over northeast Zealand (Copenhagen), Denmark and western part of Scania, Sweden
- Upper Silesian metropolitan area extends from Katowice with Upper Silesian Metropolis, Poland to Ostrava, Czech Republic. This metropolitan area lies within Upper Silesian Coal Basin.
- Eurometropolis Lille–Kortrijk–Tournai, France–Belgium
- Luxembourg metropolitan area, extends into Belgium, France, and Germany
- Frankfurt (Oder), Germany and Slubice, Poland are one city divided by the river Oder
- Görlitz, Germany and Zgorzelec, Poland are one city divided by the river Nysa
- Cieszyn in Southern Poland and Český Těšín in the Czech Republic are one city divided by the Olza River
- Salzburg in Austria extends to Freilassing, Germany
- Gorizia in Italy and Nova Gorica in Slovenia
- Nice (France) metropolitan area extends from Grasse (France) to Ventimiglia (Italy), also including the Principality of Monaco.
- Komárno in Slovakia and Komárom in Hungary
- Valga in Estonia and Valka in Latvia are one city historically, divided in 1920 by national border
- Saarbrücken metropolitan area, Germany extends into France ( Forbach, Sarreguemines ) .
- Derry metropolitan area, Northern Ireland (UK) extends into County Donegal, Republic of Ireland
- Tornio, Finland and Haparanda, Sweden
- Nicosia, Cyprus metropolitan area extends from Republic of Cyprus to the unrecognised Turkish Northern Nicosia.
- Algeciras and La Línea de la Concepción, Spain metropolitan area extends to the border with Gibraltar, United Kingdom
- Tallinn, Estonia and Helsinki, Finland is a proposed metropolitan area across the Gulf of Finland (Talsinki)
- Kerkrade and Herzogenrath, historic town divided by the Dutch German border, border passes along the middle of a street
Elsewhere in Europe
- Milan metropolitan area, Italy extends into Canton Ticino, Switzerland
- Basel metropolitan area, Switzerland extends into France and Germany
- Geneva-Lausanne metropolitan area, Switzerland extends into France
- Iaşi metropolitan area, Romania extends over Prut, including cities like Ungheni from Republica Moldova
- Lower Danube metropolitan area (Brăila-Galaţi (Cantemir) metropolitan area), Romania extends over Danube and Prut, including the Republic of Moldova's urban area of Cantemir-Cahul
- Subotica, Serbia and Szeged, Hungary - urban sprawl between the two close cities
- Slavonski Brod, Croatia and Brod, Bosnia and Herzegovina, divided by Sava river
- Polish Tricity, Gdynia (a city built to become a port of the Second Polish Republic) and its neighbours Gdańsk and Sopot, overlapped two borders in the period 1919-1939:
Between Canada and the United States
This list is from west to east:
- Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan and Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario
- Detroit, Michigan and Windsor, Ontario — see also Detroit–Windsor
- Port Huron, Michigan and Sarnia, Ontario areas
- Buffalo-Niagara Falls metropolitan area
- Ogdensburg-Massena, New York (St. Lawrence County) and Cornwall-Prescott, Ontario (U.S. micropolitan area and Canadian census agglomeration)
Between Mexico and the United States
- San Diego, California, and Tijuana, Baja California — see also San Diego–Tijuana
- El Centro–Calexico, California, and Mexicali, Baja California — see also Calexico–Mexicali
- Yuma, Arizona, and San Luis Río Colorado, Sonora
- Nogales, Arizona, and Nogales, Sonora
- Naco, Arizona, and Naco, Sonora
- Douglas, Arizona, and Agua Prieta, Sonora
- El Paso, Texas, and Juárez, Chihuahua — see also El Paso–Juárez
- Del Rio, Texas, and Ciudad Acuña, Coahuila
- Eagle Pass, Texas, and Piedras Negras, Coahuila
- Laredo, Texas, and Nuevo Laredo, Tamaulipas — see also Laredo–Nuevo Laredo
- McAllen, Texas, and Reynosa, Tamaulipas — see also Reynosa–McAllen Metropolitan Area
- Brownsville–Harlingen, Texas, and Matamoros, Tamaulipas — see also Matamoros–Brownsville Metropolitan Area
- Rivera, Uruguay and Santana do Livramento, Brazil.
- Río Branco, Uruguay and Jaguarão, Brazil.
- Chuy, Uruguay and Chuí, Brazil.
- Ciudad del Este in Paraguay, Foz do Iguaçu in Brazil and Puerto Iguazu in Argentina, also called Triple Frontera or the Tri Border.
- The Tres Fronteras metropolitan area of Tabatinga in Brazil, Leticia in Colombia, and Santa Rosa in Peru form a metropolitan area of nearly 100,000 people.
- The Cúcuta-San Antonio del Táchira area which spans the Colombia-Venezuela border.
- Ipiales, Colombia and Tulcán, Ecuador.
- Chile Chico, Chile and Los Antiguos, Argentina
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