List of micronation currencies

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$10 Nortonian banknote, 1879.

Micronational currency systems describe the self-declared official currencies of micronations. These currencies are usually created to legitimize the micronations that produce them,[citation needed] and few such currencies are recognized outside these micronations.[citation needed] However, some are prized by collectors, being minted in precious metals or in limited numbers.[citation needed] In the 19th century, Emperor Norton I issued his own money, which was accepted by local San Franciscans.

List of currencies[edit]

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Micronation Currency Symbol Value Type Ref
Aerica Solari and Mu ƺ / ᶆ Pegged to the value of hydrogen Coins and banknotes [1]
 Atlantium Imperial Solidus IS Pegged to the United States dollar Coins and banknotes [2]
Grand Duchy of Avram Avram (banknotes), Ducals (coins) Coins and banknotes [3][4]
Bir Tawil Empire Bir Tawil Credit Č Pegged to the Australian Dollar Digital [citation needed]
 Conch Republic Conch Dollar Pegged to the United Arab Emirates dollar Coins [5]
 Elleore Leo d'or Coins [6]
 Flandrensis Flandri Banknotes [7][8][9]
 Freedonia Freedonian dollar Coins [10]
Global Country of World Peace Raam 1 Raam = US$10 or €10 Banknotes [11]
Hajdučka Republika Mijata Tomića Kubura Banknotes [12]
Principality of Hutt River Hutt River Dollar $ Pegged to the Australian dollar Coins and banknotes [13]
Jason Islands Pound Pounds and Pence Banknotes and stamps [14]
Kingdom of Lovely Interdependent Occupational Unit IOU [15]
Ladonia Örtug 1 Örtug = about 1€ Banknotes [16][17]
Lagoan Isles EdneyDollar €D Banknotes [citation needed]
 Liberland Liberland Merit Cryptocurrency [18]
Lundy Puffin 1 Puffin = 1 British penny (pre-decimal) Coins [19]
 Republic of Molossia Valora VL 1 VL equals 1/3 tube of Pillsbury cookie dough Coins and banknotes [20]
 Freetown Christiania LØN 1 LØN equals fifty Danish kroner Coins [21]
Nation of Celestial Space Gold Celeston, Silver Joule, Brass Erg Coins [22]
Nova Roma Sestertius HS 1 HS equals US$0.50 Coins [23]
Other World Kingdom DOM Pegged to the United States dollar Banknotes [citation needed]
Outer Baldonia Tunar Coins [24]
Parva Domus Parva Domus Peso Coins [25]
Principality of Pontinha Bitcoin Ƀ Cryptocurrency [26]
 Saugeais Saugeais Sol Banknotes [citation needed]
 Sealand Sealand Dollar SX$ Pegged to the United States dollar Coins [27]
 Seborga Seborga luigino US$6 Coins [28]
Empire of the United States Dollar $ Banknotes [29]
Republic of Užupis EuroUžas (simply Užas) Changes annually Banknotes [citation needed]
Veyshnoria Taler ŧ / TLR 1 TLR = 0.000007 BTC Coins / cryptocurrency[a] [30][31][32]
Westarctica Westarctica Dollar WA$ / WAD Coins / cryptocurrency[a] [33]
Wirtland International Currency Unit ICU Pegged to the price of gold Coins [34]

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Aerican Empire: Economics". The Aerican Empire. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  2. ^ Cuhaj & Michael 2011, p. 197.
  3. ^ "Notes". royalbanker.org. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  4. ^ "Coins". royalbanker.org. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  5. ^ Cuhaj & Michael 2011, pp. 775–778.
  6. ^ Cuhaj & Michael 2011, p. 950.
  7. ^ (in Dutch) DAMIAANS, R., DILLEN, R., Uw krant op bezoek bij Europese micronaties Deel 1: Flandrensis, Het Belang van Limburg, 20 July 2012, page 20-21
  8. ^ (in Dutch) DAMIAANS, R., DILLEN, R., Dwergstaten Deel 1: Flandrensis, Gazet van Antwerpen, 23 July 2012, page 8-9
  9. ^ (in Dutch) GHEERAERT, T., Diplomatieke rel om een deel van Antarctica, Het Wekelijks Nieuws, 05 September 2013, page 10-11
  10. ^ "Bank of Freedonia". The Principality of Freedonia. Archived from the original on 20 August 2012. Retrieved 2 January 2006.
  11. ^ Rossingh, Danielle (February 5, 2003). "Dutch give nod to 'guru currency'". BBC.
  12. ^ "Hajdučka republika, glas bunta u BiH". Al Jazeera Balkans (in Bosnian). 2 September 2013. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  13. ^ Rogers, Kerry. "The Coins of HRH Prince Leonard I" (PDF). Australian Coin and Banknote Magazine. Retrieved 10 February 2014.
  14. ^ http://pjsymes.com.au/articles/Private04.htm
  15. ^ Temsch, Jochen; Prantl, Dominik (2011). Reisebuch: Von der Kunst unterwegs zu sein (in German). Munich: Süddeutsche Zeitung. p. 344. ISBN 978-3-86497-303-1.
  16. ^ Lahdensivu, Mika (13 March 2002). "Olematon valtio poiki webissä viisumijonon". Ilta-Sanomat (in Finnish). Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  17. ^ "National Symbols and Currency". Ladonia. Retrieved 10 March 2019.
  18. ^ "Libertarian Paradise - Interview with the First President of Liberland". Finance Magnates. 2018-11-12. Retrieved 2019-01-28.
  19. ^ Bruce, Colin R. (1988). Unusual World Coins. 2nd. Edition. KP Books. ISBN 0-87341-116-1.
  20. ^ Spencer, Luke (14 April 2016). "Interviewing the President of the Sovereign Nation Inside Nevada". Atlas Obscura. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  21. ^ Cuhaj & Michael 2011, pp. 748–756.
  22. ^ The Numismatist. 110. American Numismatic Association. 1997. p. 743.
  23. ^ "Coin (Nova Roma)". NovaRoma. 7 January 2012. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  24. ^ Cuhaj & Michael 2011, p. 2512.
  25. ^ Cuhaj & Michael 2011, p. 65.
  26. ^ Dotson, Kyt (15 December 2015). "A tiny island off the coast of Portugal just became the first country with Bitcoin as its official currency". Silicon Angle. Archived from the original on 11 August 2017. Retrieved 25 May 2018.
  27. ^ Ryan, John; Dunford, George; Sellars, Simon (2006). Micronations: The Lonely Planet Guide to Home-Made Nations. Lonely Planet. p. 8. ISBN 1741047307.
  28. ^ "I luigini". principatodiseborga.com (in Italian). Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  29. ^ Gorman, Michael R. (1998). The Empress Is a Man: Stories from the Life of Jose Sarria. Binghamton, New York: The Haworth Press, Inc. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-7890-0259-4.
  30. ^ "Republic of Veishnoria - Official page". vie.today.
  31. ^ "Нацыянальны банк выпускае ў абарачэнне манеты "Талеры Вейшнорыі". - National Bank of Viejšnoryja!". nbrv.by.
  32. ^ "Taler - independent Belarusian crypto currency (Taler, TLR)". taler.site.
  33. ^ "WestarcticaCoin - the First Non-profit Cryptocurrency". Westarctica Official Site.
  34. ^ "New Silver Crane Coin From Wirtlands Virtual Nation". The E-Sylum, Volume 12, Number 40. October 4, 2009. Retrieved October 4, 2009.

Works cited[edit]

External links[edit]