List of military aircraft of Finland

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The following is a list of military aircraft of Finland, both historical and currently in use by the Finnish Defence Forces.

1918-1937[edit]

Name Number In service Retired Country of origin
Adaridi 1 1924 1931 Finland
Aero A-11 8 1927 1939 Czechoslovakia
Aero A-32 16 1929 1944 Czechoslovakia
Albatros C.III 2 1919 1921 Germany
Avro 504K 1 1926 1930 Great Britain
Avro 652A Anson I 3 1936 1947 Great Britain
Blackburn Ripon II F 27 1929 1944 Great Britain
Breguet 14A.2 30 1919 1927 France
Bristol Bulldog IIA and IVA 19 1935 1944 Great Britain
Caudron C.59 3 1923 1931 France
Caudron C.60 64 1923 1936 France
Caudron G.3 19 1920 1924 France
Caudron G.4 1 1922 France
De Havilland D.H. 60 and 60X Moth 23 1929 1944 Great Britain
D.F.W. C.V 2 1918 1921 Germany
Fokker C.V D and E 19 1927 1945 Germany
Fokker C.X 39 1936 1958 The Netherlands
Fokker D.VII 3 1919 1924 Germany
Fokker D.X 1 1923 1926 Germany
Friedrichshafen FF 33E 3 1918 1923 Germany
Friedrichshafen FF 41A 1 1918 1923 Germany
Friedrichshafen FF 49B and C 5 1918 1922 Germany
Georges Levy G.L. 40 HB2 12 1919 1922 France
Gloster Gamecock II 17 1927 1944 Great Britain
Gourdou-Leseurre GL-21 B2 and GL-22 B3 20 1923 1931 France
I.V.L. A.22 Hansa 120 1922 1936 Finland
I.V.L. C.24 1 1924 Finland
I.V.L. C.VI.25 1 1925 Finland
I.V.L. D.26 Haukka I 1 1927 Finland
I.V.L. D.27 Haukka II 2 1928 1930 Finland
IVL K.1 Kurki 1 1927 Finland
Junkers A35 1 1928 Germany
Junkers A 50 Junior 2 1936 1940 Germany
Junkers K 43F 6 1931 1952 Germany
Junkers W 34 6 1930 1944 Germany
Koolhoven F.K.31 12 1926 1932 The Netherlands
Letov S 218 A Smolik 39 1930 1945 Czechoslovakia
L.V.G. C.VI 2 1922 1923 Germany
Martinsyde F.4 Buzzard 15 1923 1939 Great Britain
Morane-Saulnier MS 50C 6 1925 1932 France
N.A.B. Type 9 Albatros 2 1918 1923 Sweden
N.A.B. Type 12 Albatros 1 1918 Sweden
N.A.B. Type 17 Albatros Jagare 1 1918 1923 Sweden
Nieuport 10 3 1918 1919 Russia
Nieuport 17 2 1918 1924 Russia
Nieuport 21 1 1918 1920 Russia
Potez 25 A2 1 1927 1936 France
Rumpler 6B 2 1918 1926 Germany
Rumpler C.VIII 1 1918 1924 Germany
S.I.A.I. (Savoia) S 9 2 1919 1920 Italy
Spad S.34 2 1921 1925 France
Spad S.VII 1 1919 1923 France
Stetinin M-5 1 1918 1920 Russia
Stetinin M-9 "DEVJATKA" 9 1918 1922 Russia
Stetinin M-15 2 1918 1919 Russia
Stetinin M-16 6 1918 1923 Russia
SW 20 Albatros 1 1918 Sweden
Thulin Type D 2 1918 1919 Sweden
Thulin LA 1 1918 1919 Sweden
VL E.30 Kotka I and II 1 + 5 1931 1944 Finland
VL Paarma 1 1931 1933 Finland
VL Sääski I, II and IIA 33 1928 1943 Finland
VL Tuisku I and II 31 1935 1950 Finland
VL Viima I and II 24 1936 1962 Finland

World War II[edit]

Fighters[edit]

Name Number In service Retired Country of origin
Gloster Gamecock Mk. I 1 1927 1944 Great Britain
Gloster Gamecock Mk. II 16 1929 1944 Great Britain (Finland)
Bristol Bulldog Mk. IIA 2 1939 1944 Great Britain (Sweden)
Bristol Bulldog Mk. IVA 17 1935 1944 Great Britain
Fokker D.XXI 97 1937 1948 The Netherlands (Finland)
Gloster Gladiator Mk. II 30 1940 1945 Great Britain (Sweden)
Fiat G.50 Freccia 35 1940 1946 Italy
Jaktfalken II 3 1940 1945 Sweden
Morane-Saulnier M.S.406 77 1940 1948 France
Morane-Saulnier M.S.410 10 1940 1948 France (Germany)
Polikarpov I-15bis 5 1940 1945 Soviet Union
Brewster Model 239 "Buffalo" 44 1940 1948 USA (Sweden)
Hawker Hurricane Mk. I 12 1940 1943 Great Britain
Hawker Hurricane Mk. II 3 1944 1944 Great Britain
Gloster Gauntlet Mk. II 24 1940 1945 Great Britain (Sweden)
Polikarpov I-16/Rata 6 1940 1943 Soviet Union
Polikarpov I-153 (I-15ter) 21 1940 1945 Soviet Union (Germany)
Caudron-Renault C.R. 714 Cyclone 6 (80) 1940 1940 France (Germany)
Curtiss Hawk 75A-1 6 1941 1948 USA (Germany)
Curtiss Hawk 75A-2 9 1941 1948 USA (Germany)
Curtiss Hawk 75A-3 9 1941 1948 USA (Germany)
Curtiss Hawk 75A-4 7 1941 1948 USA (Germany)
Curtiss Hawk 75A-6 6 1941 1948 USA (Germany)
Lavochkin LaGG-3 3 1943 1945 Soviet Union
Messerschmitt Bf 109G-2 48 1943 1954 Germany
Messerschmitt Bf 109G-6 109 (3) 1944 1954 Germany
Messerschmitt Bf 109G-8 2 1944 1954 Germany
VL Myrsky 47 1944 1947 Finland
Curtiss P-40M-10-CU Warhawk 1 1944 1945 USA (Soviet Union)
VL Humu 1 1944 1945 Finland

Bombers[edit]

Name Number In service Retired Country of origin
VL Kotka I 1 1930 1944 Finland
VL Kotka II 5 1930 1944 Finland
Fokker C.X 39 1937 1958 The Netherlands (Finland)
Bristol Blenheim Mk. I 75 1937 1958 Great Britain (Finland)
Bristol Blenheim Mk. IV 22 1937 1958 Great Britain (Finland)
Douglas DC-2 1 1940 1955 USA (Sweden)
Ilyushin DB-3M 11 1940 1945 Soviet Union (Germany)
Tupolev SB 1 1940 1945 Soviet Union
Tupolev SB-bis 6 1940 1945 Soviet Union
Tupolev SB-3 17 1941 1945 Soviet Union (Germany)
Dornier Do 17 Z-1 4 1942 1948 Germany
Dornier Do 17 Z-2 2 1942 1948 Germany
Dornier Do 17 Z-3 9 1942 1948 Germany
Petlyakov Pe-2 7 1942 1946 Soviet Union (Germany)
Petlyakov Pe-3 1 1942 1946 Soviet Union (Germany)
Junkers Ju 88 A-4 24 1943 1948 Germany
Ilyushin Il-4/Ilyushin DB-3F 4 1943 1945 Soviet Union (Germany)

Maritime[edit]

Name Number In service Retired Country of origin
Blackburn Ripon IIF 26 1929 1945 Great Britain (Finland)
Junkers W 34fa 1 1930 1953 Germany
Junkers K 43fa 6 1931 1953 Germany (Sweden)
Junkers W 34hi 5 1930 1953 Germany
VL E.30 Kotka I 1 1930 1945 Finland
VL E.30 Kotka II 5 1931 1953 Finland
Junkers F 13fe 2 1939 1947 Germany
Junkers F 13kä 1 1940 1947 Germany (Sweden)
Heinkel He 115A-2 2 1941 1944 Germany (Norway)
Heinkel He 115C 1 1943 1944 Germany
Beriev MBR-2-M-17 2 1941 1942 Soviet Union
Beriev MBR-2-M-34 3 1941 1942 Soviet Union
Marinens Flyvebaatfabrikk M.F.11 3 1941 1944 Norway
Dornier Do 22Kl 4 1942 1944 Germany
Shavrov Sh-2 2 1942 1944 Soviet Union
Heinkel He 59B-2 2 1943 1944 Germany
Heinkel He 59D 2 1943 1944 Germany

Reconnaissance[edit]

Name Number In service Retired Country of origin
Fokker C.VD 2 1940 1945 The Netherlands (Norway)
Fokker C.VE 17 1927 1945 The Netherlands (Sweden)
Aero A-32 GR 16 1929 1944 Czechoslovakia
Junkers W 34fa 1 1930 1953 Germany
Junkers K 43fa 6 1931 1953 Germany (Sweden)
Junkers W 34hi 5 1930 1953 Germany
Fokker C.X 39 1937 1958 The Netherlands (Finland)
Fokker D.XXI 97 1937 1948 The Netherlands (Finland)
Gloster Gladiator Mk. II 30 1940 1945 Great Britain (Sweden)
Morane-Saulnier M.S.406 77 1940 1948 France
Morane-Saulnier M.S. 410 10 1940 1948 France (Germany)
Koolhoven F.K.52 2 1940 1943 The Netherlands (Sweden)
Hawker Hurricane Mk.I 12 1940 1943 Great Britain
Hawker Hurricane Mk.II 3 1944 1944 Great Britain
Westland Lysander I 11 (8) 1940 1945 Great Britain
Polikarpov I-153 (I-15ter) 21 1940 1945 Soviet Union (Germany)
Curtiss Hawk 75A-1 6 1941 1948 USA (Germany)
Curtiss Hawk 75A-2 9 1941 1948 USA (Germany)
Curtiss Hawk 75A-3 9 1941 1948 USA (Germany)
Curtiss Hawk 75A-4 7 1941 1948 USA (Germany)
Curtiss Hawk 75A-6 6 1941 1948 USA (Germany)
Dornier Do 17 Z-1 4 1942 1948 Germany
Dornier Do 17 Z-2 2 1942 1948 Germany
Dornier Do 17 Z-3 9 1942 1948 Germany
Petlyakov Pe-2 7 1942 1946 Soviet Union (Germany)
Petlyakov Pe-3 1 1942 1946 Soviet Union (Germany)
Junkers Ju 88 A-4 24 1943 1948 Germany
VL Myrsky 47 1944 1947 Finland

Transport[edit]

Name Number In service Retired Country of origin
Avro Anson I 3 1936 1947 Great Britain
Fokker F.VIII 1 1940 1941 The Netherlands (Sweden)
Fokker F.VIIa 1 1941 1943 The Netherlands (Denmark)
Airspeed AS.6E Envoy 1 1942 1943 Great Britain (Germany)
Junkers W 34fa 1 1930 1953 Germany
Junkers K 43fa 6 1931 1953 Germany (Sweden)
Junkers W 34hi 5 1930 1953 Germany
Junkers F 13kä 1 1940 1947 Germany (Sweden)
Dornier Do 22Kl 4 1942 1944 Germany
Heinkel He 115A-2 2 1941 1944 Germany (Norway)
Heinkel He 115C 1 1943 1944 Germany
Heinkel He 59B-2 2 1943 1944 Germany
Douglas DC-2 1 1940 1955 USA (Sweden)
Waco ZQC-6 1 1940 1940 USA (Sweden)

Liaison[edit]

Name Number In service Retired Country of origin
Shavrov Sh-2 2 1942 1944 Soviet Union
Beechcraft C17L 1 1940 1945 USA (Denmark)
Cessna C-37 Airmaster 1 1939 1944 USA (Finland)
Desoutter Mk. II Sports Coupé 1 1941 1944 Great Britain (Denmark)
Fairchild G24 De Luxe 1 1939 1941 USA (Finland)
De Havilland D.H.60G Moth 18 1929 1944 Great Britain (Finland)
De Havilland D.H.60X Moth 2 1940 1944 Great Britain (Finland)
De Havilland D.H.82 Tiger Moth 1 1942 1944 Great Britain (Norway)
Junkers A.50 Junior 1 1936 1943 Germany (Finland)
Fieseler Fi 156 K-1 Storch 2 1939 1960 Germany
Focke-Wulf Fw 44J Stieglitz 35 1940 1960 Germany
Polikarpov U-2 3 1942 1950 Soviet Union
Polikarpov U-2VG 1 1943 1950 Soviet Union
Focke-Wulf Fw 58 Weihe 1 1943 1944 Germany

Advanced trainers[edit]

Name Number In service Retired Country of origin
Gloster Gamecock Mk. I 1 1927 1944 Great Britain
Gloster Gamecock Mk. II 16 1929 1944 Great Britain (Finland)
Aero A-32 GR 16 1929 1944 Czechoslovakia
VL Tuisku I 1 1935 1950 Finland
VL Tuisku II 30 1935 1950 Finland
Bristol Bulldog Mk. IIA 2 1939 1944 Great Britain (Sweden)
Bristol Bulldog Mk. IVA 17 1935 1944 Great Britain
VL Pyry 42 1939 1962 Finland
Junkers F 13kä 1 1939 1947 Germany
Jaktfalken II 3 1940 1945 Sweden
Fiat G.50 Freccia 35 1940 1946 Italy
Polikarpov I-15bis 5 1940 1945 Soviet Union
Gloster Gauntlet Mk. II 24 1940 1945 Great Britain
Hanriot H.232.2 3 1941 1945 France (Germany)
Polikarpov I-16UTI 1 1941 1942 Soviet Union
Airspeed AS.6E Envoy 1 1942 1943 Great Britain (Germany)

Trainers[edit]

Name Number In service Retired Country of origin
VL Sääski II 10 1928 1943 Finland
VL Sääski IIA 22 1930 1943 Finland
De Havilland D.H.60G Moth 19 1929 1944 Great Britain
De Havilland D.H.60X Moth 2 1939 1944 Great Britain
Letov S.218 Smolik 39 1930 1945 Czechoslovakia
VL Viima I 1 1936 1943 Finland
VL Viima II 23 1938 1943 Finland
Focke-Wulf Fw 44J Stieglitz 35 1940 1960 Germany (Norway)
De Havilland D.H.82 Tiger Moth 1 1942 1944 Great Britain (Norway)
Polikarpov U-2 3 1942 1950 Soviet Union
Polikarpov U-2VG 1 1943 1950 Soviet Union

1953-1960[edit]

Name Number In service Retired Country of origin
Saab 17 2 1959 Sweden
De Havilland D.H.100 Vampire Mk.52 6 1954 1965 Great Britain
De Havilland D.H.100 Vampire Trainer Mk.55 9 1955 1965 Great Britain
Folland Gnat Mk.1 13 1958 1974 Great Britain
Fouga CM 170R Magister 80 1958 1988 France
De Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beaver 3 1958 1971 Canada
Hunting Percival Pembroke C.Mk.53 2 1956 1968 Great Britain
Saab 17A 2 1959 1960 Sweden
Saab 91D Safir 36 1958 1982 Sweden
Valmet Tuuli II 1 1951 1951 Finland
Valmet Vihuri 51 1951 1959 Finland

The 1960s[edit]

Name Number In service Retired Country of origin
MiG-15UTI 4 1962 1977 Soviet Union
MiG-21F-13 22 1963 1986 Soviet Union
MiG-21U 2 1965 1980 Soviet Union
MiG-21UM 4 1974 1998 Soviet Union
Folland Gnat Mk.1 13 1958 1974 Great Britain
Fouga CM 170R Magister 80 1958 1988 France
Saab 91D Safir 36 1958 1982 Sweden
Agusta Bell 206A 1 1968 1979 USA
Mil Mi-1 4 1961 1967 Poland
Mil Mi-4 3 1961 1979 Soviet Union
Sud-Aviation S.E.3130 Alouette II 2 1966 1975 France
Douglas C-47 9 1960 1984 USA
Ilyushin Il-28 4 1960 1981 Soviet Union

The 1970s[edit]

Name Number In service Retired Country of origin
Saab J 35BS Draken 6 1972 2000 Sweden
Saab SK 35CS Draken 5 1976 2000 Sweden
Saab J 35FS Draken 24 1977 2000 Sweden
Saab J 35XS Draken 12 1974 2000 Sweden (Finland)
MiG-21F-13 20 1963 1986 Soviet Union
MiG-21bis 26 1978 1998 Soviet Union
Fouga CM 170R Magister 80 1958 1988 France
Saab 91D Safir 36 1958 1982 Sweden
Britten-Norman BN-2A Islander 1 1974 1975 Great Britain
Cessna 402B Businessliner 2 1975 1984 USA
Piper PA-28R-200 Arrow II 6 1974 2005 USA
Piper PA-28RT-201 Arrow IV 4 1980 2005 USA
Piper PA-31 Navajo 1 1974 USA
Hughes 500C 3 1975 USA
Hughes 500D 2 1975 USA
Mil Mi-8P 2 1973 2010 Soviet Union
Mil Mi-8T 9[1] 1973 2010 Soviet Union

The 1980s[edit]

Name Number In service Retired Country of origin
Saab J 35BS Draken 6 1972 2000 Sweden
Saab SK 35CS Draken 5 1976 2000 Sweden
Saab J 35FS Draken 24 1977 2000 Sweden
Saab J 35XS Draken 12 1974 2000 Sweden (Finland)
MiG-21F-13 20 1963 1986 Soviet Union
MiG-21bis 26 1978 1998 Soviet Union
Fouga CM 170R Magister 80 1958 1988 France
Cessna 402B Businessliner 2 1975 1984 USA
Saab 91D Safir 36 1958 1982 Sweden
Piper PA-28R-200 Arrow II 6 1974 2005 USA
Piper PA-28RT-201 Arrow IV 4 1980 2005 USA
Piper PA-31 Navajo 1 1974 USA
Piper PA-31-350 Chieftain 6 1983 USA
Hughes 500C 3 1975 USA
Hughes 500D 2 1975 USA
Mil Mi-8P 2 1973 2010 Soviet Union
Mil Mi-8T 8 1973 2010 Soviet Union
Fokker F.27 Mk.100 Friendship 2 1984 The Netherlands
Fokker F.27 Mk.400 Troopship 1 1984 The Netherlands
Valmet Vinka 30 1980 Finland
Valmet L-90 TP Redigo 10 1988 2013 Finland
BAe Hawk Mk.51 50 1980 Great Britain (Finland)
Gates Learjet 35A 3 1982 USA

The 1990s[edit]

Name Number In service Retired Country of origin
Boeing F-18C Hornet 57 1995 USA (Finland)
Boeing F-18D Hornet 7 1995 USA
BAe Hawk Mk.51A 7 1992 Great Britain
BAe Hawk Mk.51 47 1980 Great Britain (Finland)
Saab J 35B Draken 6 1972 2000 Sweden
Saab J 35C Draken 5 1976 2000 Sweden
Saab J 35F Draken 24 1977 2000 Sweden
Saab J 35S Draken 12 1974 2000 Sweden (Finland)
MiG-21BIS 26 1978 1998 Soviet Union
Cessna 402B Businessliner 2 1975 1984 USA
Piper PA-28R-200 Arrow II 6 1974 2005 USA
Piper PA-28RT-201 Arrow IV 4 1980 2005 USA
Piper PA-31 Navajo 1 1974 USA
Piper PA-31-350 Chieftain 6 1983 USA
Hughes 500C 3 1975 USA
Hughes 500D 2 1975 USA
Mil Mi-8P 2 1973 2010 Soviet Union
Mil Mi-8T 8 1973 2010 Soviet Union
Fokker F.27 Mk.100 Friendship 2 1984 The Netherlands
Fokker F.27 Mk.400 Troopship 1 1984 The Netherlands
Valmet L-70 Vinka 30 1980 Finland
Gates Learjet 35A 3 1982 USA
Valmet L-90 TP Redigo 10 1988 2013 Finland

2000-today[edit]

Name Number In service Retired Country of origin
Boeing F-18C Hornet 55 1995 USA (Finland)
Boeing F-18D Hornet 8 1995 USA
BAe Hawk Mk.66 18 2009 Great Britain (Switzerland)
BAe Hawk Mk.51A 7 1992 Great Britain
BAe Hawk Mk.51 42 1980 Great Britain (Finland)
Piper PA-31-350 Chieftain 6 1983 2011 USA
Gates Learjet 35A 3 1982 USA
Fokker F.27 Mk.100 Friendship 2 1984 The Netherlands
Fokker F.27 Mk.400 Troopship 1 1984 The Netherlands
Valmet L-90 TP Redigo 9 1988 2013 Finland
Valmet L-70 Vinka 28 1980 Finland
Pilatus PC-12NG 6 2010 Switzerland
EADS CASA C-295M 3 2007 Spain
Grob G 115E 28 2016 Germany

The Army Aviation[edit]

All helicopters have been transferred to the army aviation.

Name Number In service Retired Country of origin
MD 500D 2 USA
MD 500E 6 USA
NHI NH90 20 2008 EADS (Finland)
RUAG Ranger 10 Switzerland

References[edit]