List of military aircraft of Japan

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This list of military aircraft of Japan includes the prototype, pre-production and operational types regardless of era. This includes both native Japanese designs, Japanese produced licensed copies of foreign designs, and foreign-produced aircraft that served in the military of Japan.

Japanese names are used here, not the World War II Allied codenames, although these will included here for ease of reference. The prefix "Ki" in this list is an abbreviation of "Kitai", meaning "airframe", and was used only by the Imperial Japanese Army Air Force. "Ki" should be read as one word.

(Note: a " - " means the information is unknown, not yet added, or not applicable.)

Modern (post 1945)[edit]

See also: Japan Air Self-Defense Force; the J.A.S.D.F was formed in 1954.

Type Origin Role Adopted Status No. Notes
AgustaWestland MCH-101/CH-101 Italy / UK Multi-role 2007 14 Helicopter. Minesweeping/Transport replacing MH-53E
Beech King Air C90 USA Patrol 1974 Retired 2010 1 Photo survey
Beech King Air LC-90 USA Utility 1974 5 Liaison
Beechcraft TC-90 USA Trainer 1974 34 Multi-engine trainer
Beechcraft LR-2 USA Utility 1998 6 Communications
Beechcraft Queen Air "Umibato" USA Trainer 1963 Retired 2000 28 Communications and navigation trainer
Beechjet T-400 USA Trainer 1994 13 Crew trainer
Bell AH-1S Cobra USA Attack 1979 88 Helicopter
Bell H-13 USA Utility 1954 Light helicopter
Bell UH-1B/H "Hiyodori" USA Utility 1962 90/133 Helicopter. Light multi-purpose.
Boeing AH-64D USA Attack 2007 12 Helicopter.
Boeing 747-47C USA Transport 1992 2 VIP transport (see: Japanese Air Force One)
Boeing E-767 USA AWACS 1999 4 In service 4 Early warning radar aircraft
Boeing KC-767J USA Transport 2011 4 In service 4 Air-refueling tanker
Boeing CH-47J/CH-47JA USA Transport 1988 32 Helicopter. Kawasaki Licensed production; JA long range version
British Aerospace U–125/U–125A UK Utility 1992 (27) Liaison and search & rescue
Curtiss C-46 Commando USA Transport 1954 Retired 1978 48
Eurocopter TH-135 EU Trainer 2009 (15) Helicopter.
Fuji LM-2/KM-2 Japan Trainer 1962 Retired 1998 66 Trainer and liaison plane (including 2 TL–1 army trainers)
Fuji LM-1 Nikko Japan Trainer 1955 Retired 1983 134 Trainer and liaison plane; license-built T-34 Mentor
Fuji T-1 "Hatsutaka" Japan Trainer 1960 Retired 2006 64 Advanced jet trainer
Fuji T-3 (KM-2B) Japan Trainer 1978 Retired 2007 50
Fuji T-5 (KM-2D) Japan Trainer 1988 36 Turboprop trainer
Fuji T-7 (KM-2F) Japan Trainer 2002 49 Turboprop trainer formerly KM-2F.
Fuji UH-1J Japan Utility 1993- 100-(120) Helicopter. Light multi-purpose type based on UH-1H
Grumman E-2C USA AEW&C 1983 13 Airborne early warning plane
Grumman S2F-1 "Aotaka" USA Patrol 1957 Retired 1984 60
Gulfstream U-4 USA Transport 1997 5
Hughes OH-6 Cayuse USA Patrol 1969- 332 Helicopter. Light observation.
Hughes TH-55J USA Trainer 1971 Retired 1995 38 Helicopter
Kawasaki C-1 Japan Transport 1975 31
Kawasaki C-2 Japan Transport (est. 2012) ? in service (44) Replacing Kawasaki C–1 and Lockheed C–130H)
Kawasaki KH-4 Japan Utility 1965 19 Helicopter. 3-seat version of Bell Model 47G
Kawasaki-Vertol KV-107II Japan Transport 1966 Retired 2009 120 Helicopter. Medium transport.
Kawasaki KAL-2 Japan Trainer 1954 - Trainer and liaison plane
Kawasaki OH-1"Ninja" Japan Patrol 2000 31 Helicopter. Reconnaissance and light observation (Kongata Kansoko), replacing OH-6.
Kawasaki P-1 Japan Patrol (est. 2011) In service (80) Maritime
Kawasaki P-2J Japan Patrol 1966 Retired 1998 82 Based on the P2V Neptune
Kawasaki P2V-7 VSA Japan Experimental 1977 Retired 1982 1 Variable Stability Aircraft research
Kawasaki T-4 "Dolphin" Japan Trainer 1988 208 Subsonic jet trainer
Learjet U-36A USA Trainer 1985 6 Combat support variant of the Learjet 35A
Lockheed C-130H USA Transport 1983 16
Lockheed F-104J "Eiko" ("Glory") USA Fighter 1966 Retired 1986 210 Lockheed/Lockheed kits/Mitsubishi licence production.
Lockheed F-104DJ "Eiko" ("Glory") USA Trainer 1966 Retired 1986 20 Two-seat version (training); all Lockheed kits.
Lockheed P2V-7 "Owashi" USA Patrol 1959 Retired 1981 64
Lockheed P-3C USA Patrol 1981 110
Lockheed T-33 "Wakataka" USA Trainer 1954 Retired 2000 287
MBB/Kawasaki BK 117 Japan Utility 1985 2 Helicopter. Flight test assistance, liaison
McDonnell Douglas/Mitsubishi F-4EJ USA Fighter 1971 Retired 1995 140 (138 Mitsubishi manufactured).
McDonnell Douglas RF-4E USA Patrol 1974 10 Unarmed reconnaissance
Mitsubishi ATD-X Shinshin Japan Experimental Project advanced technology fighter
Mitsubishi F-4EJ Kai Japan Fighter 1989 96 Improved variant; last 'J' overhauled to Kai ('improved') standard in 1995.
Mitsubishi RF-4EJ USA / Japan Patrol 1990 14 In service 14 F-4EJs modified to replace lost RF-4Es; adapted for reconnaissance pods.
Mitsubishi F-1 Japan Fighter 1977 Retired 2006 77 Single-seat fighter version of the T-2; similar to the SEPECAT Jaguar.
Mitsubishi F-2 Japan Fighter 2000 ? in service 98 based on the General Dynamics F-16 Fighting Falcon, replacing F-1.
Mitsubishi F-15J Japan Fighter 1981 223 12 built by McDonnell Douglas, the rest by Mitsubishi Heavy Industries.
Mitsubishi F-15DJ Japan Trainer 1981 48 Two-seat version (training).
Mitsubishi MU-2 Japan Utility 1967 Retired 2008 53 Transport, search & rescue, liaison and photo-reconnaissance (20 LR–1) variants
Mitsubishi RP-1 Japan Transport 1994 Helicopter.
Mitsubishi SH-60J Japan Patrol 1991 70 Helicopter. Anti-Submarine.
Mitsubishi SH-60K Japan Patrol 2005 (50) Helicopter. Anti-Submarine, replacing SH-60J
Mitsubishi T-2/T-2A Japan Trainer 1975 Retired 2006 96 2-seat advanced jet trainer, modeled on SEPECAT Jaguar features, but not technical design.
Mitsubishi T-2 CCV Japan Experimental 1984 Retired 1998 1 Control Configured Vehicle research
NAMC YS-11 Japan Transport 1965 23 Airliner and cargo transport
North American F-86D "Kyokko" ("Sunrise") USA Fighter 1958 Retired 1968 122 North American.
North American F-86F "Kyokko" ("Sunrise") USA Fighter 1955 Retired 1982 435 North American/North American kit/Mitsubishi licence production.
North American RF-86F USA Patrol 1961 Retired 18 Unarmed Photo reconnaissance
North American T-6 Texan USA Trainer 1954 Retired 1970 232
SAAB X1G Sweden Utility 1957 Retired 1987 1 STOL research, flight test assistance, liaison
ShinMaywa PS-1 Japan Patrol 1971 Retired 1989 21 Anti-submarine flying boat
ShinMaywa UF-XS Japan Experimental 1963 Retired 1967 1
ShinMaywa US-1/US-1A Japan Patrol 1975 19 Search and rescue flying boat
ShinMaywa US-2 Japan Patrol 2007 In service 3-(14) Search and rescue flying boat
Sikorsky H-19 USA Utility 1954 Helicopter.
Sikorsky HSS-2/S-61 "Chidori" USA Multi-role 1963 Retired 2008 185 Helicopter. Anti-submarine warfare, Transport and Search-and-Rescue
Sikorsky MH-53E USA Anti-Mine 1989 11 Helicopter. Minesweeping
Sikorsky UH-60J/JA USA Multi-role 1990 47 Helicopter.

Pre-1945[edit]

See also Imperial Japanese Navy and Imperial Japanese Army

Fighters Pre 1945[edit]

Type Allied
codename
Year first flew No. Notes
Mitsubishi 1MF 1921 138 Navy Type 10 Carrier Fighter
Nakajima Army Type 91 Fighter 1927 450 Parasol monoplane fighter
Kawasaki Army Type 92 Model 1 Fighter 1929 385 Kawasaki KDA-5
Kawasaki Ki-10 Perry 1935 588 Army Type 95 fighter
Nakajima Ki-27 Nate 1936 3,368 Army Type 97 fighter
Nakajima Ki-43 Hayabusa Oscar 1939 5,919 Army Type 1 fighter
Nakajima Ki-44 Shoki Tojo 1940 1,225 Army Type 2 single-seat fighter
Kawasaki Ki-45 Toryu Nick 1939 1,701 Army Type 2 two-seat fighter
Kawasaki Ki-60 1940 3 Army interceptor powered by DB 601 engine
Kawasaki Ki-61 Hien Tony 1941 3,078 Army Type 3 fighter
Kawasaki Ki-64 Rob 1943 1 Army tandem engine fighter
Mitsubishi Ki-73 Steve 1943 0 Army single engine fighter
Mitsubishi Ki-83 1944 4 Army twin-engine escort fighter
Nakajima Ki-84 Hayate Frank 1943 3,514 Army Type 4 fighter
Nakajima Ki-87 1945 1 Army high-altitude fighter
Rikugun Ki-93 1945 1 Army twin-engine fighter
Tachikawa Ki-94-I 1945 1 Army high-altitude fighter
Tachikawa Ki-94-II 1945 1 Army high-altitude fighter
Kawasaki Ki-96 1943 3 Army twin-engine fighter
Kawasaki Ki-100 1945 121 Army Type 5 fighter
Kawasaki Ki-102 Randy 1944 238 Army Type 4 twin-engine long-range heavy fighter/attack plane/night fighter
Kawasaki Ki-108 1944 4 Army twin-engine high-altitude fighter (derivative of Ki-102)
Mitsubishi 1MF 1921 138 Navy Type 10 Carrier Fighter
Mitsubishi 1MF 1944 22 Army experimental heavy fighter interceptor
Mitsubishi Ki-109 1944 22 Army experimental heavy fighter interceptor
Mitsubishi Ki-200 Shusui 1945 5 Army experimental rocket interceptor (license built derivative of Me-163)
Nakajima Ki-201 Karyū 1945 0 Army jet fighter (license built derivative of Me-262)
Mitsubishi Ki-202 Shusui-kai 1945 0 Army experimental rocket interceptor (license built derivative of Me-163)
Nakajima A1N 1927 151 Navy Type 3 carrier-based fighter
Nakajima A2N 1929 166 Navy Type 90 carrier-based fighter
Nakajima A4N 1935 221 Navy Type 95 carrier-based fighter
Mitsubishi A5M Claude 1935 1,094 Navy Type 96 carrier-based fighter
Mitsubishi A6M Reisen Zero; Zeke; Hamp 1939 11,000 Navy Type 0 carrier-based Fighter
Mitsubishi A7M Reppu Sam 1944 8 Navy experimental 17-shi Ko (A) Type carrier-based fighter Reppu/Navy experimental 17-shi Otsu (B) Type carrier-based fighter Reppu Kai
Nakajima J1N Gekko Irving 1941 429 Navy Type 2 land-based night fighter
Mitsubishi J2M Raiden Jack 1942 621 Navy land-based interceptor fighter
Nakajima J5N Tenrai 1944 6 Navy experimental 18-shi Otsu (B) Type land-based interceptor fighter
Kyushu J7W Shinden 1945 1 Kyushu Navy experimental 18-Shi Otsu (B) Type short-ranged, land-based interceptor fighter Shinden
Mitsubishi J8M Shusui 1945 5 Navy experimental 19-shi land-based, rocket-powered interceptor fighter (license built derivative of Me-163)
Kawanishi N1K Kyōfū Rex 1942 Navy seaplane fighter
Kawanishi N1K1-J Shiden George 1943 ca. 600 Navy interceptor fighter, land-based derivative of the N1K
Kawanishi N1K2-J Shiden-Kai George 1944 428 Navy land-based interceptor fighter, improved N1K1-J
Aichi S1A Denko Irving 1945 0 Navy experimental land-based twin-engine night fighter
Kawanishi P1Y1-S Byakko Frances 1944 97 Navy land-based night-fighter derivative of the Yokosuka P1Y bomber
Kawanishi P1Y2-S Kyokko Frances 1944 97 Navy land-based night-fighter derivative of the Yokosuka P1Y1-S Byakko

Bombers Pre 1945[edit]

Type Allied
codename
Year No. Notes
Mitsubishi Ki-1 1933 118 Army Type 93-1 heavy bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-1-II 1933 101 Army Type 93-2 heavy bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-2 Louise 1933 174 Army Type 93-1 twin-engine light bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-2-II Louise 1933 174 Army Type 93-2 twin-engine light bomber
Kawasaki Ki-3 1933 243 Army Type 93-1 single-engine light bomber
Nakajima Ki-19 1937 4 Army Type 97 heavy bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-20 1931 6 Army Type 92 heavy bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-21 Sally/Gwen 1936 2,064 Army Type 97 heavy bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-30 Ann 1937 686 Army Type 97 light bomber
Kawasaki Ki-32 Mary 1937 854 Army Type 98 single-engine light bomber
Kawasaki Ki-48 Lily 1939 1,677 Army Type 99 twin-engine light bomber
Nakajima Ki-49 Donryu Helen 1939 763 Army Type 100 heavy bomber Model 1
Mitsubishi Ki-51 Sonia 1939 1,472 Army Type 99 light bomber / dive bomber
Kawasaki Ki-66 1942 6 Army dive bomber
Mitsubishi Ki-67 Hiryū Peggy 1942 606 Type 4 twin-engine medium bomber
Tachikawa Ki-74 Patsy 1944 14 Army experimental long-range reconnaissance bomber
Nakajima Ki-115 Tsurugi 1945 105 Shinpu Army special attack aircraft
Mitsubishi 1MT 1922 20 Navy Type 12 carrier-based torpedo bomber
Mitsubishi B1M 1923 443 Navy Type 13 carrier-based torpedo bomber
Mitsubishi B2M1 1932 206 Navy Type 89-1 Model 1 carrier-based torpedo bomber
Mitsubishi B2M2 1932 206 Navy Type 89-2 Model 2 carrier-based torpedo bomber
Yokosuka B4Y Jean 1935 205 Navy Type 96 carrier-based torpedo bomber
Nakajima B5N Kate 1937 ~1,150 Navy Type 97 No.1 carrier-based torpedo bomber
Mitsubishi B5M Mabel 1936 270 Navy Type 97 No.2 land-based attack aircraft
Nakajima B6N Tenzan Jill 1941 1,268 Navy carrier-based torpedo bomber
Aichi B7A Ryusei Grace 1942 114 Navy carrier-based torpedo bomber
Aichi D1A Susie 1934 590 Navy Type 94 carrier-based dive bomber
Aichi D3A Val 1938 1,486 Navy Type 99 carrier-based dive bomber
Yokosuka D4Y Suisei Judy 1940 2,038 Navy carrier-based dive bomber
Hiro G2H 1933 8 Navy Type 95 land-based twin-engine attack aircraft
Mitsubishi G3M Nell 1934 1,048 Navy Type 96 land-based twin-engine attack aircraft
Mitsubishi G4M Betty 1939 2,435 Navy Type 1 land-based twin-engine attack aircraft
Nakajima G5N Shinzan Liz 1941 6 Navy experimental 13-shi four-engine long-range heavy bomber
Nakajima G8N Renzan Rita 1944 4 Navy experimental 18-shi four-engine long-range bomber
Nakajima G10N Fugaku 1944 0 Navy experimental six-engine ultra long-range super heavy bomber
Nakajima J9Y Kikka 1945 2 Navy jet interceptor / attack bomber Kōkoku Nigō Heiki ("Imperial Weapon No.2", based on German Me 262)
Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka Baka 1944 850 Navy rocket-powered suicide attack bomber
Yokosuka P1Y Ginga Frances 1943 1,002 Navy land-based twin-engine bomber
Kyushu Q1W Tokai Lorna 1943 153 Navy land-based twin-engine anti-submarine patrol bomber

Transports Pre 1945[edit]

Type Allied
codename
Year No. Notes
Nakajima Ki-34 Thora 1936 318 Army Type 97 transport
Tachikawa Ki-54 Hickory 1940 1368 Army Type 1 transport Model C
Kawasaki Ki-56 Thalia 1940 121 Army Type 1 cargo aircraft
Mitsubishi Ki-57 Topsy 1939 100 Army Type 100 transport Model 1, 'MC-20', 'L4M'
Mitsubishi Ki-57-II Topsy 306 Army Type 100 transport Model 2, 'MC-20-II'
Kokusai Ki-59 Theresa 1939 59 Army Type 1 transport
Nakajima LXD-1 1939 1 Navy experimental Type D transport
Hitachi LXG-1 liaison and communication
Nakajima L1N Thora 1936 Navy Type 97 transport
Mitsubishi L4M Topsy 1939 Navy Type 100 transport Model 2, 'MC-20', 'Ki-57'
Showa/Nakajima L2D Tabby 1939 487 Navy Type 0 transport
Mitsubishi L3Y Tina 1941 Navy Type 96 transport
Nakajima L1N1 Thora Navy Type AT-2 transport
Mitsubishi L4M1 1940 Navy Type 0 transport
Mitsubishi G6M1-L Betty armed transport
Mitsubishi G6M2-L Betty armed transport
Mitsubishi K3M3-L Pine light transport seaplane
Kawanishi E11K1 2 Navy Type 96 transport flying boat
Kawanishi H6K2-L Mavis 16 Type 97 Navy transport flying boat
Kawanishi H6K4-L Mavis 22 transport flying boat
Kawanishi H6K3 Mavis 2 transport flying boat
Kawanishi H8K2-L Seiku Emily 36 Navy Type 2 transport flying boat Model 32
Nakajima G5N2-L Shinzan Liz 4 Shinzan-Kai Model 12 transport
Nihon L7P1 0 Navy Experimental 13-Shi light amphibious transport

Reconnaissance aircraft Pre 1945[edit]

Type Allied
codename
Year No. Notes
Mitsubishi C1M 1932 159 Navy Type 10 carrier-based reconnaissance plane (Mitsubishi 2MR1 / 2MR2)
Mitsubishi 2MR7 1932 Army reconnaissance plane (derived from the Mitsubishi 2MR)
Mitsubishi 2MR8 1932 230 Army Type 92 reconnaissance plane (not related to the Mitsubishi 2MR)
Nakajima Ki-4 1934 383 Army Type 94 direct co-operation plane
Mitsubishi Ki-15 Babs 1936 ~500 Army Type 97 Army HQ reconnaissance plane
Mitsubishi C5M Babs 1936 ~500 Navy Type 98 reconnaissance plane
Tachikawa Ki-36 Ida 1938 1,333 Army Type 98 direct co-operation plane
Mitsubishi Ki-46 Dinah 1939 1,742 Army Type 100 Army HQ reconnaissance plane
Tachikawa Ki-70 Clara 1943 3 Army reconnaissance plane
Kokusai Ki-76 Stella 1941 - Army Type 3 command liaison plane
Nakajima C3N 1936 2 Type 97 carrier-based reconnaissance plane
Nakajima C6N Saiun Myrt 1943 463 Navy carrier-based reconnaissance plane
Yokosuka R2Y Keiun 1945 1 Navy experimental 18-Shi reconnaissance plane

Trainers Pre 1945[edit]

Type Allied
codename
Year Notes
Aichi M6A1-K Nanzan 1945 Navy special attack training bomber
Kyushu K10W1 Oak 1943 Navy Type 2 intermediate trainer
Kyushu K11W Shiragiku 1942 Navy operations trainer
Mitsubishi K3M Pine 1930 Navy Type 90 crew training plane
Mitsubishi Ki-7 Pine 1930 Army experimental crew trainer
Tachikawa Ki-9 Spruce 1935 Army Type 95-1 medium grade trainer
Tachikawa Ki-17 Cedar 1935 Army Type 95-3 basic grade trainer Model A
Tachikawa Ki-54 Hickory 1940 Army Type 1 twin-engine advanced trainer
Tachikawa Ki-54 Hickory 1940 Army Type 1 operations trainer
Tachikawa Ki-55 Ida 1939 Army Type 99 advanced trainer
Mansyu Ki-79 Army Type 2 advanced trainer
Yokosuka K2Y 1929
Yokosuka K5Y Willow 1933 Navy Type 93 intermediate trainer
Yokosuka MXY8 Akigusa 1945 Navy experimental training glider
Yokosuka MXY9 Shuka 1945 Navy experimental trainer

Flying boats/seaplanes Pre 1945[edit]

Type Allied
codename
Year No. Notes
Aichi E3A 1930 Navy Type 90-1 reconnaissance seaplane
Aichi E11A Laura 1937 17 Navy Type 98 night reconnaissance seaplane
Aichi E13A Jake 1940 1,418 Navy Type 0 reconnaissance seaplane
Aichi E16A Zuiun Paul 1942 256 Navy reconnaissance seaplane
Aichi H9A 1940 31 Navy Type 2 training flying boat
Aichi M6A Seiran 1943 28 Submarine-based, Navy special attack bomber
Hiro H1H 65 Navy Type 15 flying boat
Hiro H2H 1932 17 Navy Type 89 flying boat
Hiro H4H 1933 47 Navy Type 91 flying boat
Kawanishi E7K Alf 1933 533 Type 94 reconnaissance seaplane
Kawanishi E11K 1937 2 Navy Type 96 Transport flying boat
Kawanishi H6K1/5 Mavis 1936 217 Navy Type 97 flying boat
Kawanishi H6K2-L/4-L Mavis 1940 36 Navy Type 97 transport flying boat
Kawanishi H8K1/4 Emily 1941 131 Navy Type 2 flying boat
Kawanishi H8K2-L Seiku Emily 1943 36 Navy Type 2 transport flying boat
Kawanishi E15K1 Shiun Norm 1941 15 Navy Type 2 high-speed reconnaissance seaplane Shiun Model 11
Kawanishi N1K1 Kyofu Rex 1942 97 Navy fighter seaplane
Mitsubishi F1M Pete 1936 1118 Navy Type 0 observation seaplane
Nakajima E2N1/2 1929 80 Navy Type 15-1/15-2 reconnaissance floatplane
Nakajima E4N 1930 153 Navy Type 90-2 reconnaissance seaplane
Nakajima E8N Dave 1934 753 Navy Type 95 reconnaissance seaplane Model 1
Nakajima A6M2-N Rufe 1942 327 Navy Type 2 fighter seaplane
Watanabe E9W Slim 1938 35 Navy Type 96 light reconnaissance seaplane
Yokosuka E1Y 1926 Navy Type 14-1 reconnaissance seaplane
Yokosuka E5Y 1930 Navy Experimental Type 14-2 Kai-1 reconnaissance seaplane
Yokosuka E6Y 1932 Navy Type 91 reconnaissance seaplane
Yokosuka E14Y Glen 1939 126 Submarine-based, Navy Type 0 light reconnaissance seaplane
Yokosuka H5Y Cherry 1936 50 Navy Type 99 flying boat

Autogyros Pre 1945[edit]

Type Allied
codename
Year No. Notes
Kayaba Ka-1 1941 50 Ka-Gō artillery-spotter

Experimental aircraft Pre 1945[edit]

Type Allied
codename
Year No. Notes
Kawasaki Ki-78 1942 1 high-speed research plane
Tachikawa Ki-77 1942 2 long-range research plane
Tachikawa SS-1 1943 2 high-altitude research plane

See also[edit]

External links[edit]