List of military diving units
This is a list of notable naval frogman corps and may contain combat units, salvage units, training units and diving research units which are present or past commands of any branch of the armed forces of any country.
- Navy Special Action Regiment (RASM) – Special forces regiment of the Algerian naval forces
- Tactical Divers Group (Buzos Tácticos) is the special operations unit of the Argentine navy. The operatives are combat divers, EOD/demolition technicians, and parachutists.
- The Jagdkommando (German for Hunter force) is the Austrian Armed Forces' Special Operations group.
- Clearance Diving Branch is the specialist diving unit of the Royal Australian Navy whose versatile role covers all spheres of military diving
- Special Air Service Regiment is a dedicated special forces unit of the Australian Army that includes undertaking water operations with the emphasis of insertion onto land
- Special Warfare Diving and Salvage – Bangladesh Navy special operations force
- Para Commando Brigade (Bangladesh) is a unit of the Bangladesh Army which has a frogman commando unit specialized for underwater demolition trained under supervision on Bangladeshi Naval special forces SWADS
- Special Forces Group has a specialized diving company for education and training of combat swimmers.
- Brazilian Navy Frogmen, Combat Divers - (GRUMEC) the Brazilian SEALS.
- Brazilian Army Combat Divers, 2 branches: Commandos (D/A unit) & Army Special Forces
- Brazilian Army Divers - Engineering and Salvage Divers
- Brazilian Marines - Amphibian Commandos (COMANF)
- Navy Divers - Salvage Divers / Saturation Divers / Non Combatant
- Croatian Special Operations Battalion (BSD)
- Frogman Corps (Denmark) (Danish: Frømandskorpset) is an elite special forces frogman corps in the Royal Danish Navy
- During Eritrea's war of independence against Ethiopia, the rebel forces had a combat frogman force. After the war, some of those frogmen were retrained as dive guides for the scuba diving tourism trade.
- The Finnish Navy has trained Finnish combat divers since 1954. Conscripts and career military are eligible to apply for the training. Annually, about 20 conscripts are trained for diving duties. Applying for combat diver training is voluntary, and the selection criteria are stringent. The conscript divers are trained either for anti-mine or for commando operations, while career personnel may also be trained for deep-sea diving duty. All conscript divers receive at least NCO training during their 12-month service period.
Commando Hubert, the combat diver unit belonging to Commandos Marine, within FORFUSCO, Force maritime des fusiliers marins et commandos, a section of the French Navy. Minewseeper divers perform sea and land EOD tasks and engineering diving.
Each Engineer regiment do have a platoon, called DINOPS of military diver, tasked with engineer missions, reconnaissance and specialized actions in underwater inland environnement, including sewage systems. Special Forces regiments (1st Marine Infantry Paratroopers Regiment and 13th Paratrooper Dragoons Regiment)and Strategic Reconnaissance Regiment (2nd Hussar Regiment) do have underwater operators platoons.
Directorate-General for External Security
The French foreign intelligence agency has a clandestine combat swimmer unit, called CPEOM ("Paratrooper Training Centre for Maritime Operations").
- Kommando Spezialkräfte Marine – Commando amphibious warfare force, called the Kampfschwimmer ("Combat Swimmers", abbreviated "KSM").
- Minentaucher Mine clearance divers.
- Underwater Demolition Command
- 1953: first Amphibious Reconnaissance Squad is founded.
- 1957–1968: Underwater Demolition Training School operates in Kannelopoulos training center.
- 1968: Underwater Demolition Team Division established in Skaramanga.
- 1969: UDT Division renamed to Underwater Demolition Unit.
- 2002: Underwater Demolition Unit renamed to Underwater Demolition Command.
- MARCOS – The MCF is the elite naval special operations unit of the Indian Navy that undertakes Amphibious reconnaissance, Amphibious warfare, underwater demolition.
- Para (Special Forces) - Some commandos of the elite Parachute Regiment (India) special forces of the Indian Army are trained combat divers.
- NSG (National security guards) - operatives of Special action group of NSG are from the special forces of the Indian armed forces on deputation, some commandos of the unit are combat diving qualified.
- KOPASKA is the main underwater combat, Frogman, Special forces unit of the Indonesian Navy.
- Naval Service Diving Section (NSDS)
- Army Ranger Wing (ARW) Combat Diving Section
- Shayetet 13 is the elite naval commando frogmen unit of the Israeli Navy. The unit is considered one of the primary Special Forces units of the Israel Defense Forces and is one of the most secretive. The details of many missions and identities of active operatives are highly classified.
- Western Army Infantry Regiment (WAIR)[dubious ]
- Special Boarding Unit (SBU)[dubious ]
- Lebanese Navy SEALs Regiment is an elite marine commando frogmen unit of the Lebanese Navy. The unit are responsible for underwater demolition, conducting joint operations with the navy, land and air forces and maritime counter terrorism. The unit was established with assistance from the United States Navy SEALs and British Royal Marines.
- PASKAL – Naval special force of Malaysian Armed Forces.
- Naval Diving and Mine Warfare Headquarters – New Command for the elite Royal Malaysian Navy (RMN) divers. The same task once belongs to KD Duyong which now functioning as full-time diving school.
- Grup Gerak Khas – Malaysian Army special force, there is Combat Swimmer Course as an advance training option for the members of GGK.
- PASKAU - Special force of Malaysian Air Force.
- Special Task And Rescue - Special force of Malaysian Coast Guard.
- Korps Commandotroepen (KCT), (Riverine Operations Teams (OWG)), special forces of the Royal Netherlands Army.
- Netherlands Maritime Special Operations Forces (NLMARSOF) (Special Forces Underwater Operators), special forces of the Royal Netherlands Marine Corps.
- Constructieduikerspeloton is the Army Engineers unit specialized in supporting Rivier Crossing Operations and executing heavy underwater construction operations. They are incorporated in 105 bridging company.
- Engineer combat divers of 11 airmobile engineer company. Operations include reconnaissance, demolition, and other.
- Beach Recce Teams of Surface Assault and Training Group of the Royal Netherlands Marine Corps.
- Defensie Duikgroep (Defense Diving Group) of the Royal Netherlands Navy. Organized into the Very-Shallow-Water-Diveteam (Supports amphibious operations of the Royal Netherlands Marine Corps by clearing beaches), the Deep Diving Team (Specializes in deep diving, clearing mines, rescues of crews of submerged submarines), and the Salvage & Construction team (Specializes in subsurface repair of ships, underwater construction, and harbor inspection).
- Explosieven Opruimingsdienst Defensie (EODD) (Explosive Ordnance Disposal Service Defense). All members of the Maritime Company must be Clearance Diver trained before being allowed to serve in the EODD.
- Navy Clearance Diving Group (CDG) formally known as the Operational Diving Team (ODT) is a clearance diving unit. Its focus is on Mine Countermeasures, amphibious Operations & Maritime explosive ordnance disposal. The CDG is ranked as one of the world's top clearance diving units. Military Dive Training support is supplied to Fiji, Tonga, and Samoa.
- The New Zealand Special Air Service also has divers in its amphibious troops (the NZSAS has two Sabre Squadrons), with particular emphasis on insertion.
- Norway's commando frogmen corps is called Marinejegerkommandoen, "Navy Seals command", which is something like the British SBS.
- Norway has a clearance diver group called Minedykkerkommandoen, "Norwegian Navy EOD Command".
- Army Special Service Group (SSG) has a "Moses Company" that is uniquely modeled on the United States Army Special Forces, they mainly operate on inland rivers and waterfield in the five rivers of Punjab, Pakistan.
- Navy Special Services Group (SSGN) is also uniquely modeled on United States Navy SEALs entirely and is assigned to unconventional warfare operations in the coastal regions. During war, it is assigned to Midget submarines as Diver propulsion vehicle. All other training is similar to the Army SSG with specific marine orientation provided at its headquarters.
Three Polish military units train and deploy frogmen in military operations. Most known are:
- JW Formoza
- JW Grom water operations detachment
- JW Komandosów's frogmen company.
Polish frogmen SF uses e.g. R.C.H OXY-NG2, Aqua Lung Amphora closed-circuit apparatus.
- Sappers Divers Group (Agrupamento de Mergulhadores)
- Special Actions Detachment (Destacamento de Ações Especiais)
- Russian commando frogmen
- Special Operations Forces
- Diver Units in different SpetsNaz Brigades and Naval Infantry Separate Reconnaissance Battalions.
- Serbian River Flotilla – Brown water naval branch of the Serbian Armed Forces
South Korea (Republic of)
- Republic of Korea Navy UDT/SEAL
- Republic of Korea Marine Corps Reconnaissance
- Republic of Korea Army Special Warfare Command (Special forces)
Spain has been training combat divers and swimmers since 1967. Two units in the Spanish Navy currently operate under a Naval Special Warfare mandate:
- UOE (Special Operations Unit) – All aspects of maritime special operations at sea, on land, and by air.
- UEBC (Special Combat Diver Unit) – Mainly hydrographic surveys, underwater demolitions and special reconnaissance.
Nowadays both units were unified into the Naval Special Warfare Unit (FGNE) , which covers all maritime special operations such as underwater demolitions, underwater infiltration techniques, maritime interdiction operations, direct action, military assistance, special reconnaissance, hydrographic surveys, parachuting into water (helocast, craftcast...), etc.
- Swedish Amphibious Corps:
- The Reconnaissance Platoon, also referred to colloquially as the Attack Divers (A-dyk). They conduct long-range reconnaissance missions behind enemy lines, sabotage, clearing beach obstacles, hydrographic surveys, and although combat is not their priority, they have a limited ability to conduct direct action missions such as ambushes. Between 6 and 10 are trained each year. The Reconnaissance Platoon is a commando unit, belonging to the amphibious battalion of the Swedish Amphibious Corps. They offer one of the hardest and most demanding training regimens in the Swedish armed forces.
- Navy EOD-divers (Röjdyk)
- Army divers (FArb-dykare) Underwater welding, obstacle clearance, underwater demolition and repairs. Belongs to the engineer troops.
- Amphibious divers (Amfibiedyk) of the amphibious battalion. Underwater obstacle clearance, repairs and EOD on land.
- Republic of China Marine Corps Command
- Republic of China Navy
- Underwater Demolition Team (U.D.T) was withdraw from the R.O.C Navy in 2005 and was adapted to the ROC Marines Corps Amphibious Reconnaissance and Patrol Group
- Republic of China Army General Headquarters
- Aviation and Special Forces Command
- 101st Reconnaissance Battalion (better known as Sea Dragon Frogman, has a company station in Kinmen, Matsu, 3 in Penghu, and other frontline islands)
- Aviation and Special Forces Command
- Royal Thai Armed Forces
- Special Forces Group (Tunisia) (GFS)
- 51st Marine Commando Regiment (51st RCM)
- Underwater Offence (Turkish Armed Forces), also known as Su Altı Taaruz – Special operations Forces of the Turkish Navy
- Special Forces Command (Turkey), also known as Özel Kuvvetler Komutanlığı (OKK) – Turkish special forces group
- Ukrainian SOF
- Ukrainian Navy
- Special Boat Service is the Navy Service special forces unit
- Royal Navy Northern and Southern Fleet Diving Groups and Fleet Diving Units 1, 2 and 3 are the clearance diving units specialising in various types of equipment and operations.
- Special Air Service Boat Troop is the Army special forces unit that undertakes water operations (emphasis of insertion onto land)
- Royal Engineers: the corps has had army divers for over 170 years. Training was held at Marchwood in Hampshire until moving to HMS Gunwharf in Portsmouth in the early 1980s. Now a combination of Royal Engineers and Royal Navy all train at a special diving school at Horsea Island in Hampshire. The roles of the Royal Engineer Divers are probably the most diverse of all including construction, demolition, reconnaissance, search, recovery and sewer searches. Unlike naval divers who dive both mixed gas sets and air sets, RE divers only specialise in Air diving.
- Royal logistic Corps Divers as part of 17 Port and Maritime Regiment
- United States Navy SEALs – US Navy special operations force
- Underwater Demolition Team – US Navy special operations group
- Explosive ordnance disposal (United States Navy) – US Navy personnel who render safe or detonate unexploded ordnance
- United States Marine Corps Force Reconnaissance – One of the USMCs' special operations capable forces
- Battalion Reconnaissance – Reconnaissance assets of Marine Air-Ground Task Force
- United States Marine Raider Regiment – US Marine Corps special forces unit
- Underwater Construction Teams – Navy construction battalion underwater construction units
- Clearance diver – Navy diver specialist with explosives
- United States military divers – Underwater divers employed by the US armed forces
- ^ http://www.navy.mindef.gov.bn/Site%20Pages/Assets.aspx[bare URL]
- ^ Finnish Navy: Sukeltajakurssi – valintakoelajit Retrieved 14 February 2007. In Finnish
- ^ Finnish Navy: Sukeltajakurssi – tehtävä Retrieved 14 February 2007
- ^ "Hellenic Navy - Underwater Demolition Command". Archived from the original on 2011-06-14. Retrieved 2013-10-05.
- ^ "گزارش تسنیم| گسترش قدرت سپاه به زیرِ دریا/ ویژگیهای احتمالی زیرسطحیهای ندسا چیست؟- اخبار نظامی | دفاعی | امنیتی - اخبار سیاسی تسنیم | Tasnim". خبرگزاری تسنیم | Tasnim (in Persian). Retrieved 2023-05-29.
- ^ "Panji-panji KD Duyong". Official Portal for Royal Malaysian Navy (in Malay).
- ^ KCT frogman units
- ^ "Defensie Duikgroep - Koninklijke Marine - Defensie.nl". 16 September 2019.
- ^ "Eenheden Explosieven Opruimingsdienst Defensie - Koninklijke Landmacht - Defensie.nl". 16 September 2019.
- ^ RNZN – Navy Dive School
- ^ "Ryazan Higher Airborne Command school". YouTube. 2 August 2015.