List of military tactics

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This page contains a list of military tactics.

General tactics[edit]

  • Exploiting prevailing weather – the tactical use of weather as a force multiplier has influenced many important battles throughout history, such as the Battle of Waterloo[1]
  • Fire attacks – reconnaissance by fire is used by apprehensive soldiers when they suspect the enemy is nearby
  • Force concentration – the practice of concentrating a military force against a portion of an enemy force[2]
  • Night combat – combat that takes place at night. It often requires more preparation than combat during daylight and can provide significant tactical advantages and disadvantages to both the attacker and defender[3]
  • Reconnaissance – a mission to obtain information by visual observation or other detection methods, about the activities and resources of the enemy or potential enemy, or about the meteorologic, hydrographic, or geographic characteristics of a particular area.[4]

Small unit tactics[edit]

The use of suppressive fire is a key part of modern small unit tactics

Seven Classical Manevoures of Warfare[edit]

1. Penetration of the Center: This involves the creation of a gap in the enemy line and its exploitation. Two ways of accomplishing this are separating enemy forces and using a reserve to exploit the gap that forms between them (e.g. Battle of Chaeronea (338 BC), the first use of the penetration of the center) or having fast, elite forces smash at a specific point in the enemy line (an enemy weak spot or an area where your elites are at their best in striking power) and, while reserves and holding forces hold your opponent, drive quickly and immediately for the enemy's command or base (i.e. blitzkrieg)

Battle of Issus, a classic example of the single envelopment

2. Attack from a defensive position: Establishing a strong defensive position from which to defend and attack your opponent. However, the defensive can become too passive and result in ultimate defeat (e.g. Siege of Alesia and the Battle of the Granicus).

Battle of Maling, the earliest use of the feigned retreat

3. Single envelopment: A strong flank beating its opponent opposite and, with the aid of holding attacks, attack an opponent in the rear. Sometimes, the establishment of a strong, hidden force behind a weak flank will prevent your opponent from carrying out their own single envelopment (e.g. Battle of Rocroi)

4.Double envelopment: Both flanks defeat their opponent opposite and launch a rear attack on the enemy center. Its most famous use was Hannibal's tactical masterpiece, the Battle of Cannae and was frequently used by the Wehrmacht on the Eastern Front of World War II.

5. Attack in Oblique Order: This involves placing your flanks in a slanted fashion (refusing one's flank) or giving a vast part of your force to a single flank (e.g. Battle of Leuthen. The latter can be disastarous, however, due to the imbalance of force.

6. Feigned Retreat: Having a frontal force fake a retreat, drawing the opponent in pursuit and then launching an assault with strong, hidden forces. If morale is not high enough, your fiegned retreat may rapidly become a real one.

7. Indirect Approach: Having a minority of your force demonstrate in front of your opponent while the majority of your force advance from a hidden area and attack the enemy in the rear or flank (e.g. Battle of Chancellorsville)

Offensive tactics[edit]

The cavalry charge is a quintessential offensive military tactic

Defensive tactics[edit]

Defensive trenches were used commonly during World War I

Deception[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Doughty, Robert. "Weather in War". The History Channel. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  2. ^ "SOME JUICY QUOTES FROM CLAUSEWITZ, ON WAR". The Clausewitz Homepage. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  3. ^ Toppe, Alfred. Night Combat. Google books. Retrieved December 13, 2013. 
  4. ^ Field Manual (FM) 7–92: The Infantry Reconnaissance Platoon and Squad (Airborne, Air Assault, Light Infantry). United States Army. 2001. p. 4.0. 
  5. ^ Glantz 2010, Preface
  6. ^ Gooderson, Ian (1997). Air Power at the Battlefront: Allied Close Air Support in Europe, 1943–45 (1. publ. ed.). London: F. Cass. p. 129. ISBN 0-7146-4680-6. 

External links[edit]