List of military units in the 2014 Crimean crisis

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This is a list of military units in the 2014 Crimean crisis. At the date of writing (May 2014) this includes (a) the Armed Forces of Ukraine units stationed in Crimea at the time the crisis began, (b) the Russian units stationed in the Crimea at the time the crisis began, and (c) the Russian units that entered Crimea until the peninsula was formally annexed by the Russian Federation.

Russia[edit]

By governmental treaty, Russia was allowed to station a limited number of troops in Crimea, specifically 25.000. During the conflict, there appeared numerous fully equipped soldiers, who bore no military rank insignia or cockade. The official position of the Russian government was that Russia was uninvolved in events on the peninsula and that these troops did not belong to the Russian federation, but were based on the local initiatives.[1]

Many vehicles used by unmarked soldiers have Russian license plates.[1][2] Ukrainian troops reported that the pro-Russian forces stated they were Russian,[1] spoke perfect Russian, and in one case arrived in Russian planes[2]

Commanders[edit]

Land force[edit]

Navy[edit]

Ukraine[edit]

On 19 March, the Ukrainian military announced plans to withdraw all personnel and their families (up to 25,000 people) from the Crimean peninsula.[11]

Units that RUSI identified in the Crimea:[12]

  • 55th Anti-Aircraft Rocket Regiment
  • 36th Separate Coastal Guard Brigade, Pereval'ne
    • 5th Marine Battalion, Feodosiya
  • 801st Naval Spetznaz Battalion, Feodosiya

Air force[edit]

Navy[edit]

On 19 March, Russian media reported that the Russian flag flew over 189 Ukrainian military units, and that there were no naval vessels in Crimea still flying the Ukrainian flag.[15]

Southern Naval Base (Ukraine)[edit]

The Ukrainian fleet was largely surrounded by the Russian fleet and thus inoperable by the Ukrainian command. On the Donuzlav Lake since the night between 5 and 6 March, seven Ukrainian vessels were blocked by sunken Russian vessels. Lutsk (U205), Vinnytsia (U206), Chernihiv (U310), Cherkasy (U311), Henichesk (U360), Kirovohrad (U401) and Konstyantin Olschansky (U402)[16]

Sevastopol Naval Base[edit]

Two Ukrainian vessels were trapped in the Bay of Sevastopol at the Streletska bukhta, a submarine Zaporizhzhia (U01) and a small anti-submarine vessel Khmelnytskyi U208.[citation needed]

Land forces[edit]

Autonomous Republic of Crimea[edit]

Crimea was controlled by a mixture of militias and unmarked, pro-Russian soldiers. The new authorities in Crimea announced the creation of the independent Armed Forces of Crimea, which as of 10 March apparently included about 186 soldiers.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Andrew Osborn; Alastair Macdonald (14 March 2014). "Russia brings trucks, armor into Ukraine's Crimea by ship". Sevastopol, Ukraine. Reuters. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  2. ^ a b Loiko, Sergei (4 March 2014). "Some 'local' forces in Crimea look a lot like Russian military http://www.latimes.com/world/worldnow/la-fg-wn-local-forces-crimea-russian-military-20140304,0,41184.story#ixzz2wnMdsBIL". Retrieved 23 March 2014.  External link in |title= (help)
  3. ^ Russian units in the Crimea are commanded by the deputy chief of the Southern Military District of the Russian Federation Igor Turchenyuk. RBK Ukraine. March 2, 2014
  4. ^ "В Джанкое находятся войска Чеченской Республики | медиа центр "IPC - Джанкой"". Ipc-dzhankoy.org. Archived from the original on 2015-07-10. Retrieved 2014-03-11. 
  5. ^ twower 11 октября, 2011. "Денис Мокрушин - 18-я мотострелковая бригада. Условия службы". Twower.livejournal.com. Retrieved 2014-03-11. 
  6. ^ a b "Ukraina: Krimmis on Tšetšeeniast ja Uljanovskist pärit Vene sõdurid" [Ukraine: Russian soldiers from Chechnya and Ulyanovsk in Crimea], Postimees, EE, 5 March 2014 
  7. ^ a b c Bowden, Andrew (15 March 2015). "Will Russia risk an all-out invasion of Ukraine?". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  8. ^ "Ukraine says Russian Marines ring coast guard base". Huffington Post. Associated Press. 28 March 2014. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  9. ^ "Ukraine Live", The Daily Telegraph, 3 March 2014 
  10. ^ "Ukraine Crisis: On Crimea's new border the Russian Army waits". The Daily Telegraph. 3 March 2014. Retrieved 4 March 2014. 
  11. ^ David M. Herszenhorn; Andrew E. Kramer (19 March 2014). "Ukraine plans to withdraw troops from Russia-occupied Crimea". The New York Times. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  12. ^ A Fragile Opportunity: The 2013 Iranian Election and its Consequences
  13. ^ Oliphant, Roland (4 March 2014). "'I'm sick of living at gunpoint. Who do they think they are?'". The Telegraph. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  14. ^ Oliphant, Roland (23 March 2014). "Ukraine crisis: the inevitable fall of Belbek". The Telegraph. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  15. ^ "Ukrainian Navy Flagship Hoists Russian Flag". RIA Novosti. Sevastopol. 23 March 2014. Retrieved 23 March 2014. 
  16. ^ Военно-морская национализация | Hubs
  17. ^ Aksenov began to form a new army in the Crimea for protection of referendum. TSN. March 10, 2014