List of million-plus urban agglomerations in India

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India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people. India consists of twenty-nine states and seven union territories.[1] It is a home to 17.5 percent of the world's population.[2]

Urban areas

The first population census in British India was conducted in 1872. Since 1951, a census has been carried out every 10 years.[3] The census in India is carried out by the Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner under the Ministry of Home Affairs, and is one of the largest administrative tasks conducted by a federal government.[4]

The latest population figures are based on data from the 2011 census of India.[5] India has 641,000 inhabited villages and 72.2 percent of the total population reside in these rural areas.[5] Of them 145,000 villages have population size of 500–999 persons; 130,000 villages have population size of 1000–1999 and 128,000 villages have population size of 200–499. There are 3,961 villages that have a population of 10,000 persons or more.[2] India's 27.8 percent urban population lives in more than 5,100 towns and over 380 urban agglomerations.[6] In the decade of 1991–2001, migration to major cities caused rapid increase in urban population.[7][8] The number of Indians living in urban areas has grown by 31.2% between 1991 and 2001.[9] Yet, in 2001, over 70% lived in rural areas.[10][11] According to the 2001 census, there were 27 million-plus cities in India,[9] with Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, and Bengaluru being the largest.

There are 53 urban agglomerations in India with a population of 1 million or more as of 2011 against 35 in 2001.[12] About 43 percent of the urban population of India lives in these cities.[13] Among these cities Srinagar, has become the first agglomeration in Jammu and Kashmir to cross one million. Kerala has added six new million-plus agglomerations in addition to Kochi, the only such area in 2001, and Jharkhand has three such areas.[12]

The United Nations Population Division produces urban area population estimates that "ensure consistency of the definitions of urban settlements". Although based on India's census, sometimes the UN figures differ very significantly due to the inclusion of neighbouring areas that are omitted from the census definition of the urban area. Their 2014 estimates are extrapolated from census and other national data.[14]

Gallery

List

Rank UA State/Territory Population (2011)[15][16] Population (2001)[16][17] Population (UN 2014)[18]
1 Mumbai Maharashtra 18,414,288 16,434,386 20,741,000
2 Delhi Delhi 16,349,831 12,877,470 24,953,000
3 Kolkata West Bengal 14,057,991 13,205,697 14,766,000
4 Chennai Tamil Nadu 8,696,982 6,560,242 9,620,000
5 Bangalore Karnataka 8,499,092 5,701,446 9,718,000
6 Hyderabad Telangana 7,677,018 5,742,036 8,670,000
7 Ahmedabad Gujarat 6,357,693 4,525,013 7,116,000
8 Pune Maharashtra 5,057,709 3,760,636 5,574,000
9 Surat Gujarat 4,591,246 2,811,614 5,398,000
10 Jaipur Rajasthan 3,046,163 2,322,575 3,373,000
11 Kanpur Uttar Pradesh 2,920,496 2,715,555 3,001,000
12 Lucknow Uttar Pradesh 2,902,920 2,245,509 3,150,000
13 Nagpur Maharashtra 2,497,870 2,129,500 2,456,000
14 Ghaziabad Uttar Pradesh 2,375,820 968,256 [note 1]
15 Indore Madhya Pradesh 2,170,295 1,506,062 2,379,000
16 Coimbatore Tamil Nadu 2,136,916 1,461,139 2,456,000
17 Kochi Kerala 2,119,724 1,355,972 2,348,000
18 Patna Bihar 2,049,156 1,697,976 2,174,000
19 Kozhikode Kerala 2,028,399 880,247 2,371,000
20 Bhopal Madhya Pradesh 1,886,100 1,458,416 2,053,000
21 Thrissur Kerala 1,861,269 330,122 2,216,000
22 Vadodara Gujarat 1,822,221 1,491,045 1,940,000
23 Agra Uttar Pradesh 1,760,285 1,331,339 1,917,000
24 Visakhapatnam Andhra Pradesh 1,728,128 1,345,938 1,889,000
25 Malappuram Kerala 1,699,060 170,409 2,090,000
26 Thiruvananthapuram Kerala 1,679,754 889,635 1,901,000
27 Kannur Kerala 1,640,986 498,207 2,028,000
28 Ludhiana Punjab 1,618,879 1,398,467 1,694,000
29 Nashik Maharashtra 1,561,809 1,152,326 1,730,000
30 Vijayawada Andhra Pradesh 1,476,931 1,039,518 1,697,000
31 Madurai Tamil Nadu 1,465,625 1,203,095 1,564,000
32 Varanasi Uttar Pradesh 1,432,280 1,203,961 1,518,000
33 Meerut Uttar Pradesh 1,420,902 1,161,716 1,523,000
34 Faridabad Haryana 1,414,050 1,055,938 [note 1]
35 Rajkot Gujarat 1,390,640 1,003,015 1,552,000
36 Jamshedpur Jharkhand 1,339,438 1,104,713 1,426,000
37 Jabalpur Madhya Pradesh 1,268,848 1,098,000 1,322,000
38 Srinagar Jammu and Kashmir 1,264,202 988,210 1,394,000
39 Asansol West Bengal 1,243,414 1,067,369 1,299,000
40 Vasai-Virar Maharashtra 1,222,390 [note 2]
41 Allahabad Uttar Pradesh 1,212,395 1,042,229 1,278,000
42 Dhanbad Jharkhand 1,196,214 1,065,327 1,242,000
43 Aurangabad Maharashtra 1,193,167 892,483 1,309,000
44 Amritsar Punjab 1,183,549 1,003,917 1,247,000
45 Jodhpur Rajasthan 1,138,300 860,818 1,251,000
46 Raipur Chhattisgarh 1,123,558 700,113 1,314,000
47 Ranchi Jharkhand 1,120,374 863,495 1,232,000
48 Gwalior Madhya Pradesh 1,117,740 865,548 1,194,000
49 Kollam Kerala 1,110,668 380,091 1,338,000
50 Durg-Bhilainagar Chhattisgarh 1,064,222 927,864 1,116,000
51 Chandigarh Chandigarh 1,026,459 808,515 1,110,000
52 Tiruchirappalli Tamil Nadu 1,022,518 866,354 1,088,000
53 Kota Rajasthan 1,001,694 703,150 1,126,000


Main Gallery

  1. ^ a b included in the Delhi estimate
  2. ^ included in the Mumbai estimate

See also

References

  1. ^ "States and union territories". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 31 January 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "Area and population". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 26 October 2008. 
  3. ^ "Census Organisation of India". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  4. ^ "Brief history of census". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 31 January 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Census 2011 Provisional Population Totals" (PDF). The Hindu (Chennai, India). 
  6. ^ "Urban Agglomerations (UAs) & towns". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Retrieved 2008-12-04. 
  7. ^ Shinde, Swati (13 Sep 2008). "Migration rate to city will dip". Times of India. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  8. ^ "Develop towns to stop migration to urban areas: economist". Chennai, India: Hindu. 3 December 2005. Retrieved 2008-12-08. 
  9. ^ a b Garg 2005.
  10. ^ Dyson & Visaria 2005, pp. 115–129.
  11. ^ Ratna 2007, pp. 271–272.
  12. ^ a b Rukmini Shrinivasan; Hemali Chhapia. "Delhi topples Mumbai as maximum city". The Times of India. India: Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. Retrieved 7 February 2012. 
  13. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Censusindia. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 October 2011. 
  14. ^ "World Urbanization Prospects Highlights" (PDF). esa.un.org. United Nations. Retrieved 1 July 2015. 
  15. ^ "Census India : Million plus cities in India" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Archived (PDF) from the original on 20 April 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  16. ^ a b "INDIA STATS : Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011". Press Information Bureau, Mumbai. National Informatics Centre (NIC). Archived from the original on 30 June 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2012. 
  17. ^ "Slums in India, A Statistical Compendium 2013" (PDF). Ministry of Housing & Urban Poverty Alleviatiuon. Government of India. p. 128. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 March 2015. Retrieved 9 July 2015. 
  18. ^ "Population Division Data Query". esa.un.org. United Nations. Retrieved 1 July 2015. 

Further reading

External links