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List of million-plus urban agglomerations in India

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India is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the second-most populous country with over 1.2 billion people. India consists of twenty-eight states and eight union territories.[1] It is a home to 17.5 percent of the world's population.[2]

The first population census in British India was conducted in 1872. Since 1951, a census has been carried out every 10 years.[3] The census in India is carried out by the Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner under the Ministry of Home Affairs, and is one of the largest administrative tasks conducted by a federal government.[4]

The latest population figures are based on data from the 2011 census of India.[5] India has 641,000 inhabited villages and 72.2 percent of the total population reside in these rural areas.[5] Of them 145,000 villages have population size of 500–999 persons; 130,000 villages have population size of 1000–1999 and 128,000 villages have population size of 200–499. There are 3,961 villages that have a population of 10,000 persons or more.[2] India's 27.8 percent urban population lives in more than 5,100 towns and over 380 urban agglomerations.[6] In the decade of 1991–2001, migration to major cities caused rapid increase in urban population.[7][8] The number of Indians living in urban areas has grown by 31.2% between 1991 and 2001.[9] Yet, in 2001, over 70% lived in rural areas.[10][11] According to the 2011 census, there were 52 [12] (don't be confused - as per provisional census 53) million-plus cities in India (independent city is taken only if it is not a part of any urban agglomeration, otherwise urban agglomeration is taken), with Mumbai, Delhi and Kolkata having populations over 10 million.

There are 52 [12] (don't be confused - as per provisional census 53) town/urban agglomerations (independent town is taken only if it is not a part of any urban agglomeration) in India with a population of 1 million or more as of 2011 against 35 in 2001 before revision of population of Towns/Urban Agglomerations in Kerala [12].[13] About 43 percent of the urban population of India lives in these cities.[14][15][13]

List

  • The cities/Urban Agglomerations (U.A.) which are listed in bold are either the capital of the respective state / union territory or the capital is part of the respective Town/U.A. - example Gandhinagar, a state capital is a part of the Ahmedadbad U.A.[12] U.A. is added after the name of Urban Agglomeration (U.A.) but it is not added after the independent town which is not a part of any U.A.. The mentioned final figures are slightly different from provisional figures.
Rank Town/UA [12] [a] State/Union Territory Town Status [12] Level [17] Area Sqkm (2011) [12] Population (2011)[12] Population (2001)[16] Population (1991)[16]
1 Greater Mumbai U.A. Maharashtra U.A. 1063.49 18,394,912 16,434,386 12,596,243
2 Delhi U.A. Delhi U.A. 1139.48 16,349,831 12,877,470 8,419,084
3 Kolkata U.A. West Bengal U.A. 1056.13 14,057,991 13,205,697 11,021,918
4 Chennai U.A. Tamil Nadu U.A. 932.47 8,653,521 6,560,242 5,421,985
5 Bruhat Bangalore U.A. Karnataka U.A. 748.42 8,520,435 5,701,446 4,130,288
6 Hyderabad U.A. Andhra Pradesh during census, now Telangana U.A. 1,225.59 7,677,018 5,742,036 4,344,437
7 Ahmedabad U.A. Gujarat U.A. 1060.95 6,357,693 4,525,013 3,312,216
8 Pune U.A. Maharashtra U.A. 502.78 5,057,709 3,760,636 2,493,987
9 Surat U.A. Gujarat U.A. 431.01 4,591,246 2,811,614 1,518,950
10 Jaipur Rajasthan M.Corp. Town & City 484.64 3,046,163 2,322,575 1,518,235
11 Kanpur U.A. Uttar Pradesh U.A. 301.16 2,920,496 2,715,555 2,029,889
12 Lucknow U.A. Uttar Pradesh U.A. 393.60 2,902,920 2,245,509 1,669,204
13 Nagpur U.A. Maharashtra U.A. 229.20 2,497,870 2,129,500 1,664,006
14 Ghaziabad U.A. Uttar Pradesh U.A. 263.29 2,375,820 968,256 511,759
15 Indore U.A. Madhya Pradesh U.A. 233.60 2,170,295 1,506,062 1,109,056
16 Coimbatore U.A. Tamil Nadu U.A. 696.25 2,136,916 1,461,139 1,100,746
17 Kochi U.A. Kerala U.A. 843.84 2,119,724 1,355,972 (Revised 1,410,666 [12]) 1,140,605 (Revised 1,242,115)
18 Patna U.A. Bihar U.A. 142.46 2,049,156 1,697,976 1,099,647
19 Kozhikode U.A. Kerala U.A. 909.79 2,028,399 880,247 (Revised 1,101,157 [12]) 801,190 (Revised 945,802)
20 Bhopal U.A. Madhya Pradesh U.A. 336.06 1,886,100 1,458,416 1,062,771
21 Thrissur U.A. Kerala U.A. 990.91 1,861,269 330,122 (Revised 773,598 [12]) 275,053 (Revised 627,063)
22 Vadodara U.A. Gujarat U.A. 310.35 1,822,221 1,491,045 1,126,824
23 Agra U.A. Uttar Pradesh U.A. 166.21 1,760,285 1,331,339 948,063
24 Visakhapatnam (GVMC) Andhra Pradesh M.Corp. Town & City 513.61 1,728,128 1,345,938 1,057,118
25 Malappuram U.A. Kerala U.A. 819.39 1,699,060 170,409 (Revised 311,558 [12]) 142,204 (Revised 243,427)
26 Thiruvananthapuram U.A. Kerala U.A. 542.57 1,679,754 889,635 (Revised 1,050,933 [12]) 826,225 (Revised 959,256)
27 Kannur U.A. Kerala U.A. 1003.66 1,640,986 498,207 (Revised 1,212,898 [12]) 463,962 (Revised 1,145,476)
28 Ludhiana Punjab M.Corp. Town & City 159.37 1,618,879 1,398,467 1,042,740
29 Nashik U.A. Maharashtra U.A. 321.98 1,561,809 1,152,326 725,341
30 Vijayawada U.A. Andhra Pradesh U.A. 283.58 1,476,931 1,039,518 845,756
31 Madurai U.A. Tamil Nadu U.A. 151.34 1,465,625 1,203,095 1,085,914
32 Varanasi U.A. Uttar Pradesh U.A. 118.68 1,432,280 1,203,961 1,030,863
33 Meerut U.A. Uttar Pradesh U.A. 186.61 1,420,902 1,161,716 849,799
34 Faridabad Haryana M.Corp. Town & City 204.00 1,414,050 1,055,938 617,717
35 Rajkot U.A. Gujarat U.A. 185.38 1,390,640 1,003,015 654,490
36 Jamshedpur U.A. Jharkhand U.A. 184.07 1,339,438 1,104,713 829,171
37 Jabalpur U.A. Madhya Pradesh U.A. 237.16 1,268,848 1,098,000 888,916
38 Srinagar U.A. Jammu and Kashmir U.A. 304.27 1,264,202 988,210
39 Asansol U.A. West Bengal U.A. 369.34 1,243,414 1,067,369 763,939
40 Vasai-Virar City Maharashtra M.Corp. Town & City 319.39 1,222,390 518,601 215,762
41 Allahabad U.A. Uttar Pradesh U.A. 115.46 1,212,395 1,042,229 844,546
42 Dhanbad U.A. Jharkhand U.A. 240.66 1,196,214 1,065,327 815,005
43 Aurangabad U.A. Maharashtra U.A. 148.12 1,193,167 892,483 592,709
44 Amritsar U.A. Punjab U.A. N.A. 1,183,549 1,003,919 708,835
45 Jodhpur U.A. Rajasthan U.A. 132.97 1,138,300 860,818 666,279
46 Ranchi U.A. Jharkhand U.A. 197.36 1,126,720 863,495 614,795
47 Raipur U.A. Chhattisgarh U.A. 192.55 1,123,558 700,113 462,694
48 Kollam U.A. Kerala U.A. 364.51 1,110,668 380,091 362,572
49 Gwalior U.A. Madhya Pradesh U.A. 183.71 1,102,884 865,548 717,780
50 Durg -Bhilainagar U.A. Chhattisgarh U.A. 335.63 1,064,222 927,864 685,474
51* Tiruchirappalli U.A. Tamil Nadu U.A. 211.51 1,022,518 866,354 711,862
52* Kota (M.Corp.) Rajasthan M.Corp. Town & City 527.03 1,001,694 703,150 537,371
* Chandigarh U.A. Chandigarh U.A. 970,602* 808,515 575,829

Source: [12]

Note: * Chandigarh U.A. was in the list of million plus populous Town/U.A. as per provisional census having 51st rank but finally, it was excluded from the list of million plus populous Town/U.A. with 55th rank after two less than million populous Town/U.A - Mysore U.A., Bareilly U.A. and as a result of it, number of million plus populous Town/U.A. is 52 though as per provisional census it was 53. As a result, the rank of Tiruchirappalli changed from 52 to 51 and that of Kota 53 to 52.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The population figures of cities in Kerala are inflated as the definition of urban agglomeration was revised in the 2011 census. The population of urban agglomerations in Kerala is not comparable with other cities in the country.[16]

References

  1. ^ "States and union territories". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Archived from the original on 27 January 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
  2. ^ a b "Area and population". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 26 October 2008.
  3. ^ "Census Organisation of India". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Archived from the original on 1 December 2008. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  4. ^ "Brief history of census". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  5. ^ a b "Census 2011 Provisional Population Totals" (PDF). The Hindu. Chennai, India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 November 2013.
  6. ^ "Urban Agglomerations (UAs) & towns". Government of India (2001). Census of India. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 4 December 2008.
  7. ^ Shinde, Swati (13 September 2008). "Migration rate to city will dip". Times of India. Archived from the original on 11 January 2009. Retrieved 8 December 2008.
  8. ^ "Develop towns to stop migration to urban areas: economist". Chennai, India: Hindu. 3 December 2005. Archived from the original on 5 November 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2008.
  9. ^ Garg 2005.
  10. ^ Dyson & Visaria 2005, pp. 115–129.
  11. ^ Ratna 2007, pp. 271–272.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o A -4 TOWNS AND URBAN AGGLOMERATIONS CLASSIFIED BY POPULATION SIZE CLASS IN 2011 WITH VARIATION SINCE 1901 - Class I https://censusindia.gov.in/nada/index.php/catalog/42876
  13. ^ a b Rukmini Shrinivasan; Hemali Chhapia. "Delhi topples Mumbai as maximum city". The Times of India. India: Bennett, Coleman & Co. Ltd. Archived from the original on 17 December 2014. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
  14. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Censusindia. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 November 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2011.
  15. ^ "How India's cities have grown and shrunk over the last 116 years". Archived from the original on 6 May 2017.
  16. ^ a b c "INDIA STATS : Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011". Press Information Bureau, Mumbai. National Informatics Centre (NIC). Archived from the original on 30 June 2015. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
  17. ^ "India: Major Agglomerations". .citypopulation.de. Archived from the original on 17 December 2014. Retrieved 14 December 2014.

Further reading

External links