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List of million-plus urban agglomerations in India

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India is a country in South Asia and is the seventh-largest country by geographical area, the most-populous country with more than 1.4 billion people, home to nearly 17.5 percent of the world's population.[1] India consists of twenty-eight states and eight union territories.[2]


The first official population census of India was conducted in 1872 and every ten years since 1951 by the office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner under the Ministry of Home Affairs.[3][4] The latest official census was conducted in 2011.[5]

As per Government of India, an urban agglomeration is a continuous urban spread constituting a town and its adjoining outgrowths (OGs), or two or more physically contiguous towns together with or without outgrowths of such towns. An Urban Agglomeration must consist of at least a statutory town and its total population should not be less than 20,000 as per the 2001 Census. In varying local conditions, there were similar other combinations that have been treated as urban agglomerations satisfying the basic condition of contiguity.[6]

Following is the list of urban agglomerations in India with a population of more than one million as per the 2011 census. As per the 2011 census, there were 50 urban agglomerations or cities with population of one million and above.[7]

  • Bold represents the capital of the respective state or union territory or the capital is part of the respective urban agglomeration


As per Demographia, a urban built-up area consists of all continuous and non-continuous urban areas within a metropolitan area. As per the 2023 report, there were 65 urban areas with more than one million population in India.[9]

See also



  1. ^ "World Population Prospects 2022". Population Division. United Nations. Retrieved 10 December 2023.
  2. ^ "States and union territories". Census of India. Government of India. Archived from the original on 27 January 2011. Retrieved 31 January 2011.
  3. ^ "Census Organisation of India". Government of India. Archived from the original on 1 December 2008. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  4. ^ "Brief history of census". Government of India. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
  5. ^ "Census 2011 Provisional Population Totals" (PDF). The Hindu. Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 November 2013.
  6. ^ Circular, census catalog (PDF) (Report). Government of India. Retrieved 1 November 2023.
  7. ^ Urban Agglomerations and Cities having population 1 lakh and above (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011 (Report). The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 March 2020. Retrieved 10 August 2014.
  8. ^ INDIA STATS : Million plus cities in India as per Census 2011 (Report). Government of India (NIC). Archived from the original on 19 October 2023. Retrieved 7 February 2012.
  9. ^ World Urban Areas 13th Annual Edition (PDF) (Report). Demographia. August 2023. Retrieved 16 November 2023.

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