List of mills in Derbyshire

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This is a list of the cotton and other textile mills in Derbyshire, England. The first mills were built in the 1760s in the Derwent Valley by Arkwright and Strutt, and were powered by the water of the River Derwent. The abundance of water from the River Etherow and its tributaries led to mills being built in Longdendale and Glossopdale, and similarly along the River Wye in Millers Dale. As the industry developed, the mills changed hands, were demolished, were converted to use steam, or consolidated into larger units. They changed their names and their functions. Water-powered mills were smaller than the later steam-powered mills found in Greater Manchester. Parts of Derbyshire have been subsumed into Stockport.


Derwent Valley[edit]

This includes Derby, and Belper
Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
North Mill Belper 53°01′45″N 1°29′11″W / 53.0291°N 1.4864°W / 53.0291; -1.4864 (North Mill) 1786/1804
Belper mill.jpg

Grade I Listed building No. 1186846

Notes: The original North Mill, completed in 1786 by Jedediah Strutt, was destroyed by fire in 1803. Its replacement was built in 1804 by his son, William Strutt, on the foundations of the old mill and is one of the oldest surviving examples of an iron-framed 'fire-proof' building in the world.[1]
East Mill Belper 53°01′44″N 1°29′09″W / 53.0288°N 1.4857°W / 53.0288; -1.4857 (East Mill) 1912 Standing 107
Belper - East Mill - - 736044.jpg

Grade II Listed building No. 1336982

Notes: A fortress-like, seven-storey building, 24 bays by 11, with four corner turrets with Italianate tower, it was constructed by the English Sewing Cotton Company in 1912.[1]
Round Mill Belper 53°01′41″N 1°29′11″W / 53.0280°N 1.4865°W / 53.0280; -1.4865 1816 203
Notes: Demolished; designed for bale-breaking.
West Mill Belper 53°01′42″N 1°29′12″W / 53.0284°N 1.4866°W / 53.0284; -1.4866 (West Mill) 1797 222
Notes: Demolished.
2nd South Mill Belper 53°01′42″N 1°29′12″W / 53.0284°N 1.4866°W / 53.0284; -1.4866 (South Mill) 1811 208
Notes: Demolished.
Junction Mill Belper 53°01′42″N 1°29′12″W / 53.0284°N 1.4866°W / 53.0284; -1.4866 (Junction Mill)
Notes: Demolished.
Reeling Mill Belper 53°01′42″N 1°29′12″W / 53.0284°N 1.4866°W / 53.0284; -1.4866 (Reeling Mill) 1807 212
Notes: Demolished.
de Bradelei Mill Belper 53°01′18″N 1°29′06″W / 53.0216°N 1.4849°W / 53.0216; -1.4849 (de Bradelei Mill)
Notes: George Brettle & Co., makers of hosiery.[2]
Unity Mill Derwent St, Belper 53°01′25″N 1°29′10″W / 53.0236°N 1.4861°W / 53.0236; -1.4861 (Unity Mill) mid 19th century

Grade II Listed building No. 1087354

Notes: A corn mill converted to cotton spinning by John Strutt (1853), then furniture manufacture.[2]
1850 Gritstone warehouse Belper 
Notes: The Ward, Sturt and Sharp hosiery warehouse from 1850.[2]
Boar's Head Cotton Mills Darley Abbey 52°56′38″N 1°28′28″W / 52.9438°N 1.4745°W / 52.9438; -1.4745 1782-1862
Boar's Head Mills, Darley Abbey (geograph 2329112).jpg Notes: The Evans Mills produced high-quality 'Boar's Head' sewing cotton. Long Mill was built in 1782, operational in 1788, then burnt down in 1789 and was rebuilt in 1790. The top floor was used as a schoolroom for their child workers. It connects to West Mill (1821), Middle Mill (1804–05) and East Mill (1811). Separate is a Gassing Shed (1862) where the thread was singed, and the North Mill (1835). The free-standing engine house has been demolished but the chimney remains. [3]
Cromford Mill Cromford 53°06′31″N 1°33′21″W / 53.1085°N 1.5557°W / 53.1085; -1.5557 1771
Cromford 1771 mill.jpg

Grade I Listed building No. 1248010

Notes: The first cotton mill set up by Richard Arkwright to use the "Spinning Jenny" to make cotton thread. Later a paint factory.
Bath Street Mill Derby  1851 168
Bath Strett Mills Derby 708578 94511940.jpg Notes:
Queen Street Mill Derby 
Lombe's Mill Derby  18th century
Lombe's Mill print Darley-Factory p105.png Notes:
Masson Mill Matlock Bath 53°06′44″N 1°33′44″W / 53.1121°N 1.5621°W / 53.1121; -1.5621 1783 236
Main entrance, Masson Mill - - 1408625.jpg Notes:
Milford Mills Milford 53°00′18″N 1°28′53″W / 53.0049°N 1.4813°W / 53.0049; -1.4813 ('Milford Mills')
Milford Mills - - 450041.jpg Notes: The Milford mill complex, built by Jebediah and William Strutt, spanned the A6 toll road, upstream from Milford bridge. Started in the 1780s to spin cotton, it expanded to include bleaching and dyeing mills. William built the warehouse in 1793, experimenting to produce a multi-storey fire-proof mill.The extant dyehouse near the bridge was a later more successful attempt.[4]

River Wye[edit]

Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
Cressbrook Mills Cressbrook SK173726 53°15′00″N 1°44′31″W / 53.250°N 1.742°W / 53.250; -1.742 ("Cressbrook Mills") 1815 204
Cressbrook Mill - - 157740.jpg

Grade II* Listed building No. 1158897

Notes: [5]
Litton Mill Millersdale  SK161729 53°15′11″N 1°45′36″W / 53.253°N 1.760°W / 53.253; -1.760 ("Litton Mill")
Litton Mill 0546.JPG Notes: [5]
Lumford Mill Bakewell 53°13′05″N 1°41′01″W / 53.2180°N 1.6836°W / 53.2180; -1.6836 ("L8umford Mill")
1346790 83515d8c.jpg Notes:
Rowsley Mill  

The mills of New Mills and Rowarth[edit]

Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
St. George's Works (Wellington New Mill)  [6]
Grove Paper Mill  Coordinates: 53°21′44″N 2°00′23″W / 53.3621°N 2.0065°W / 53.3621; -2.0065 ("Grove Paper Mill")
Ned Mill  [6]

Rowarth Brook[edit]

Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
Top Mill Rowarth [6]
Grove Mill Rowarth 
Notes: A print works[5][6]
Froggatt's Mill Rowarth [6]
Lower Mill Rowarth [6]
Little Mill Rowarth SK011889 53°23′49″N 1°59′06″W / 53.397°N 1.985°W / 53.397; -1.985 ("Little Mill ") 1930 89
Notes: The oldest-known mill in the New Mills area, built between the inn and the brook. It was a two-storey building powered by a waterwheel. The remains were swept away by the flood of 18 June 1930.[5][6][6]
Ringstones (Alma Mount) Rowarth [6]
Bate Mill Thornsett SK007868 53°22′41″N 1°59′28″W / 53.378°N 1.991°W / 53.378; -1.991 ("Bate Mill ")
Notes: 1889: bleachers and dyers[6][7]

River Goyt[edit]

Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
Torr Vale Mill
aka Stafford's Mill
Lowe's Mill
The Torrs, New Mills SJ999854 53°21′53″N 2°00′11″W / 53.3648°N 2.0030°W / 53.3648; -2.0030 ("Torr Vale Mill
aka Stafford's Mill
Lowe's Mill"
1788 **** 212
New Mills, Torr Vale above 1749.JPG

Grade II* Listed building No. 1119721

Notes: [6]
Torr Mill,
a.k.a. Schofield's Mills
The Torrs, New Mills 53°21′50″N 2°00′01″W / 53.3640°N 2.0002°W / 53.3640; -2.0002 ("Torrs Hydro, New Mills") 1838 1912 74
Notes: Spindleage: (1811) 14 mules, 2802 spindles, (1848) 20 mules, 13,792 spindles, boiler by Butterley. The first mill was built in 1794 by Samuel Schofield, for cotton spinning. It was powered by water. It was burnt down on 22 October 1838 while being operated by John Sheldon. The second bigger five-storey mill was built immediately on the same site. A chimney was added in 1846, suggesting that this mill was operated by steam and water. The mill was occupied by Josiah Mellor and John Roberts until 1857, when it passed to Messrs Hibbert and Alcock cotton spinners. In June 1873, the mill was floated with capital of £4000 as a co-operative venture known as the Torr Mill Spinning Company. In 1883 a new boiler was installed. The mill became unviable in 1900 and the machinery was removed. Two further firms attempted to use the mill but it was destroyed by fire on 2 December 1912. The leat for this mill passed under the Queens Road bridge and in a trough over the River Sett, and the tail race continued downstream under the Union Road bridge. Torrs Hydro has been built on the site.[6][8][9]
Rock Mill, a.k.a. Crowther's Mill The Torrs, New Mills,  53°21′54″N 2°00′08″W / 53.3650°N 2.0022°W / 53.3650; -2.0022 ("Rock Mill, a.k.a. Crowther's Mill")[6]
Hague Bar (Hague/Haigh) Mill  [6]
Strines Printworks Strines, Marple,  53°22′35″N 2°02′23″W / 53.3765°N 2.0396°W / 53.3765; -2.0396 ("Strines Printworks")[6]

River Sett[edit]

Also known as River Kinder.

Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
Hyde Bank (Beard) (Goddard Mill) Hide Bank, New Mills SK001856 53°22′01″N 2°00′00″W / 53.367°N 2.000°W / 53.367; -2.000 ("Hyde Bank (Beard) (Goddard Mill)") 1785 Standing 234
Beard Mill - - 277906.jpg Notes: The first mill was a woollen mill which burnt down. This four-storey gritstone former cotton mill, on Hyde Bank Road straddling the River Sett, dates from the early 19th century. The mill used to be a finishing mill for W S Lowe & Sons, but has been shut for a number of years. It has now been converted into flats and the bridge on the left is a recent replacement. The first cotton spinning mill was constructed in 1785; before that an early woollen and fulling occupied the site. Now in multiple occupation.[6][10]
Birch Vale Printworks SK 020868 53°22′41″N 1°58′16″W / 53.378°N 1.971°W / 53.378; -1.971 ("Birch Vale Printworks"),  [6]
Garrison Works Thornsett,  SK 015869 53°22′44″N 1°58′44″W / 53.379°N 1.979°W / 53.379; -1.979 ("Garrison Works ")[6]
London Place (Watford Bridge Printworks) Sett Valley SK 005863 53°22′26″N 1°59′38″W / 53.374°N 1.994°W / 53.374; -1.994 ("London Place (Watford Bridge Printworks)")
Notes: 1889: calico printing.[6][7]
Salem (Bower) Mill  SK002858 53°22′08″N 1°59′53″W / 53.369°N 1.998°W / 53.369; -1.998 ("Salem (Bower) Mill")
Notes: Two-storey gritstone buildings, formerly a cotton mill of the 1780s and later a chemical works. Next to the medieval manorial corn mill.[6]
Barnes Top Shop (Torr Top Mill) (Midland Ironworks)  [6]
Grove (Wyatt's) (Barnes) Mill  [6] 1790 76

Peak Forest Canal[edit]

Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
Brunswick Mill/Works Newtown, New Mills SJ997849 53°21′40″N 2°00′22″W / 53.361°N 2.006°W / 53.361; -2.006 ("Brunswick Mill/Works ")
New Mills, Brunswick Mill (geograph 3145693).jpg Notes: Three- and four-storey gritstone mill building (datestone 1883) on the Peak Forest Canal. Formerly a cotton mill, bought in 1868 by the Quaker, Edward Godward 1841–1908, who became the first chairman of New Mills UDC, in 1894. Spindleage 1887: 11,000 kitting and sewing cottons. It was extended and used as a sweet factory by Swizzels Matlow.[5][6][7]
Victoria Mill Newtown, New Mills  1860 125
Remains of Victoria Mill, Newtown - - 1211546.jpg Notes: 1889: Josseph Froggatt & Son, 1,000 spindles. Victoria Mill was built in 1860 and when it closed in 1985 was the last cotton spinning mill to work in New Mills. It was partly destroyed by fire on 13 March 1986 and has subsequently been largely demolished. There is a picture of it just after the fire on the front of New Mills – A look back at its Industrial Heritage (1997).[6][7]
Woodside (New Brunswick) Mill Newtown, New Mills [6]
Albion Mill Newtown, New Mills SJ996848 53°21′36″N 2°00′25″W / 53.360°N 2.007°W / 53.360; -2.007 ("Albion Mill ")
Albion Mill - - 277892.jpg Notes: Three- and four-storey gritstone mill building of 1859. This was the first of a group of mid-19th century cotton mills erected around the Peak Forest Canal.[5][6]
Warks Moor Mill Newtown, New Mills 
Notes: 1889: Francis Rowbottom, 8000 spindles[6][7]
Redmoor Mill Newtown, New Mills [6]
Albert Mill Newtown, New Mills 
Notes: 1889:Bleachers and Dyers and paper maker[6][7]
Some of these mills are occupied by Swizzels Matlow.[11] One mill was built about 1843, and part was destroyed by fire in 1983. Swizzels Matlow's address is Albion Road.


Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
Brunt Mill Longnor,  SK085646 53°10′41″N 1°52′26″W / 53.178°N 1.874°W / 53.178; -1.874 ("Brunt Mill")[12][5]
Calver Mill Calver SK 247745 53°16′01″N 1°37′52″W / 53.267°N 1.631°W / 53.267; -1.631 ("Calver Mill") 1804 Standing 119
Calver Mill - - 347691.jpg

Grade II Listed building No. 1068650

Notes: The mill opened in 1778, built by John Gardom of Bakewell and John Pares of Leicester on the site of a corn mill. To use Arkwright's two patents there was an initial premium of ₤7000 and an annual royalty of ₤1000. By 1785, the mill had been developed and stood at three storeys. In 1799, however, the River Derwent washed away Calver Bridge and took part of the mill with it; shortly after the mill was burned to the ground. A new seven-storey mill was subsequently constructed, and began production in 1804. By 1830 it employed 200 workers some being parish apprentices. In 1833 new, larger, waterwheels were constructed.[13] Spinning finished in 1923. In the 1980, the mill featured in Pat Reid's television drama Colditz, standing in for Colditz Castle.[14][5]
Clough Mill Little Hayfield SK032882 53°23′28″N 1°57′11″W / 53.391°N 1.953°W / 53.391; -1.953 ("Clough Mill")
Clough Mill, Little Hayfield - - 1205355.jpg Notes: A former water-powered and later steam-powered textile mill. Converted to apartments in 1989.[5]
Edale Mill Edale SK 134854 53°21′54″N 1°48′00″W / 53.365°N 1.800°W / 53.365; -1.800 ("Edale Mill") 1795 Standing 139
Edale Mill (geograph 2366416).jpg

Grade II Listed building No. 1096614

Notes: This mill has now been converted into apartments. The first mill was a corn mill driven by the River Noe. In 1795 Nicholas Cresswell enlarged the building, taking James Harrison, Robert Blackwell and Joseph Fletcher as partners. A three-storey building with external stair column, the present mill was added a little later. The mill which passed to the Fine Spinners & Doublers Ltd, and cotton manufacturing ceased here in 1934. Many of the women workers came from Castleton, walking to the mill via Hollins Cross at a height of 1,250 feet (380 m). This was a climb of 650 feet (200 m); during bad weather they would sleep at the mill.[5] [15]
Haarlem Mill Derby Rd, Wirksworth  1780 Standing 239
Haarlem Mill - - 2326070.jpg

Grade II* Listed building No. 1335116

Notes: Cotton spinning mill erected by Richard Arkwright
Hayfield Fulling Mill Hayfield,  SK055863 53°22′26″N 1°55′08″W / 53.374°N 1.919°W / 53.374; -1.919 ("Hayfield Fulling Mill")[5]
Lumb Mill
Lambs Hole
Kettleshulme,  SJ 988804 53°19′16″N 2°01′08″W / 53.321°N 2.019°W / 53.321; -2.019 ("Lumb Mill
Lambs Hole"
Phoside Mill Hayfield SK037859 53°22′12″N 1°56′46″W / 53.370°N 1.946°W / 53.370; -1.946 ("Phoside Mill")
Derelict building at Phoside Farm (geograph 2491893).jpg Notes: [5]
Primrose Mill Hayfield,  SK031880 53°23′20″N 1°57′18″W / 53.389°N 1.955°W / 53.389; -1.955 ("Primrose Mill")[5]
Walk Mill Hayfield,  SK037870 53°22′48″N 1°56′46″W / 53.380°N 1.946°W / 53.380; -1.946 ("Walk Mill")[5]


  1. ^ a b Belper & The Strutts: The Mills
  2. ^ a b c Derwent Valley Mills Heritage Walks Leaflet, Belper Historical Society, 2006
  3. ^ Derwent Valley Mills Heritage Walks Leaflet, Darley Abbey Historical Group, 2006
  4. ^ On site interpretative panel
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o "Derbyshire and Peak District Mills". Derbyshire Heritage. 2009. Retrieved 2 December 2009.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac Lewis, Steve. "Industrial Development in New Mills". Retrieved 29 November 2009.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Worrall, John (1887). Cotton Spinners and Manufacturers Directory. Oldham. p. 179. Retrieved 9 December 2009.
  8. ^ Brumhead, Derek (Autumn 1988). "Commenting on Advert;Stockport Advertiser 1848" (PDF). New Mills Historical Society Journal. New Mills Historical Society (1): 12, 13. Retrieved 26 November 2009.
  9. ^ Steven Lewis web page,
  10. ^
  11. ^ Swizells Matlow literacy exercise Archived 26 January 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  12. ^ Caudwell Land
  13. ^ Cooper 1983, p. 99.
  14. ^ Cooper 1983, p. 101.
  15. ^ Cooper 1983, pp. 102-6.