List of mills in Preston

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Classroom display of the stages in processing cotton.

Preston in Lancashire, England has been associated with cotton since John Horrocks built his first spinning mill, the Yellow factory, in 1791. This was powered by a Bateman & Sherratt engine. Preston mills tended to have their own reservoirs. They spun cotton using hand mules and self-actors but normally also operated power looms in weaving sheds. Local firms such as Ainscow & Tomlinson and Grundy made mules for the mills. There were 60 mills operating in Preston in 1927.[1]

The mills[edit]

Standing mills[edit]

Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
(Years)
Arkwright Mill  Hawkins St SD532302 53°45′58″N 2°42′40″W / 53.766°N 2.711°W / 53.766; -2.711 ("Arkwright Mill ") 1854 163
Preston - Great Bank Street - geograph.org.uk - 529985.jpg Notes: 1891:Daniel Arkwright, 36,248 spindles, 599 looms[2]
Aqueduct Street Mill  Aqueduct St SD529304 53°46′05″N 2°42′58″W / 53.768°N 2.716°W / 53.768; -2.716 ("Aqueduct Street Mill ")
Preston Aqueduct Mill - geograph.org.uk - 530001.jpg Notes: 1891, together with India and Flats Mills: William Calvert and Co, 150,566 spindles[2]
Brookfield Mill  SD538305 53°46′08″N 2°42′07″W / 53.769°N 2.702°W / 53.769; -2.702 ("Brookfield Mill ")
Notes: 1891 together with Peel Mill: John Goodair and Co, 73,591 spindles and 1322 looms[2]
Centenary Mill  SD551297 53°45′43″N 2°40′59″W / 53.762°N 2.683°W / 53.762; -2.683 ("Centenary Mill ") 1895 Standing 122
Horrockses Cotton Mill, Preston.jpg Notes: Grade II listed building[3]
Known as Horrockses, it was powered by a four-cylindered horizontal triple-expansion engine by John Musgrave & Sons that delivered 2000 ihp.. The mill had rolled steel beams and concrete floors.[2][4]
Cliff Mill  SD557297 53°45′43″N 2°40′23″W / 53.762°N 2.673°W / 53.762; -2.673 ("Cliff Mill ")[2]
Embroidery Mill  
Fylde Road Mill  SD530300 53°45′50″N 2°42′50″W / 53.764°N 2.714°W / 53.764; -2.714 ("Fylde Road Mill ")[2]
Hartford Mill  Campbell St SD551298 53°45′47″N 2°40′59″W / 53.763°N 2.683°W / 53.763; -2.683 ("Hartford Mill ")
Notes: 1891:Hartford Mills Co Ltd, 43472 spindles, 662 looms[2]
Hanover Street Mill  Gt George St SD533299 53°45′47″N 2°42′36″W / 53.763°N 2.710°W / 53.763; -2.710 ("Hanover Mill ")
Preston Hanover Street Mill - geograph.org.uk - 529981.jpg Notes: 1891:Birley Brothers, 46,466 spindles, 826 looms[2]
Pitt Street Mill  SD534294 53°45′32″N 2°42′29″W / 53.759°N 2.708°W / 53.759; -2.708 ("Pitt Street Mill ")[2]
Red Scar Mill  SD525306 53°46′12″N 2°43′19″W / 53.770°N 2.722°W / 53.770; -2.722 ("Red Scar Mill") 1939
Notes: Then produced rayon until 1980[2]
Stocksbridge Mill  SD525306 53°46′12″N 2°43′19″W / 53.770°N 2.722°W / 53.770; -2.722 ("Stocksbridge Mill ")[2]
St Georges Road Mill  SD539306 53°46′12″N 2°42′04″W / 53.770°N 2.701°W / 53.770; -2.701 ("St Georges Road Mill ")
Notes: 1891: Moor Park Manufacturing Co, Limited, 600 looms[2]
Shelley Road Mill  SD525303 53°46′01″N 2°43′19″W / 53.767°N 2.722°W / 53.767; -2.722 ("Shelley Road Mill ")
Preston - Shelley Road Mill - geograph.org.uk - 530011.jpg Notes: 1891:Hartley Brothers, 42,560 spindles, 864 looms[2]
Tulketh Road Mill FW Dixon  SD524309 53°46′19″N 2°43′26″W / 53.772°N 2.724°W / 53.772; -2.724 ("Tulketh Road Mill ") 1905 Standing 112
Tulketh Mill, Ashton, Preston - geograph.org.uk - 23282 cropped.jpg Notes: Grade II listed building[5]
Powered by a J&E Wood, 2000 ihp, horizontal cross compound, Corliss valves with superheated steam. Initially 4 Lancashire boilers fifth Yorkshire boiler added in 1918. The 24ft flywheel was geared for 44 ropes.The chimney was 77 yds tall, later reduced to 60, when the mill was lengthened to 427 ft in 1918 it housed 127,400 mule and 12,600 ring spindles[2][6]


Other mills[edit]

Name Architect Location Built Demolished Served
(Years)
Albert  Cemetery Rd, Preston
Notes: 1891: J. F. Woods and Co, 445 looms [7]
Alexandra  Skeffington Road North, Preston
Notes: 1891: Wilding Brothers, 1022 looms [7]
Alliance Works  New Hall Lane, Preston
Alliance Works, Preston (geograph 1995761).jpg Notes: 1891:Thomas Brindle and Co, 1070 looms [7]
Arthur Street  Preston[7]
Ashton Shed  Preston
Notes: 1891: Richard Walsh and Co, 470 looms [7]
Astley Field  St Pauls Rd, Preston
Notes: 1891:Martin Hopkins and Co, 448 looms [7]
Avenham  Preston[7]
Back Lane  Preston[7]
Bamber Bridge Spinning & Weaving Co Ltd  Preston
Bamber Bridge Spinning and weaving.jpg Notes: Horizontal 4-cylinder triple by J&E Wood with 26 ft flywheel, housed 127,500 mule spindles [8]
Bank Top  Preston
Notes: 1891: (together with Hopwood St and Primrose Hill Mills): William Paley, 30,992 spindles [7]
Broomfield  Preston
Notes: 1891, (together with Grimshaw Mill): John Anderton, 1764 looms [7]
Bold Street  Preston
Notes: 1891: Moses S. Maynard, 42,000 spindles[7]
Bow Lane  Preston[7]
Bridge Street  Preston[7]
Brookhouse  Old Lancaster Lane, Preston 1845 172
Brookhouse Mill, Preston.jpg Notes: Grade II listed building[9]
1891: John and Adam Leigh, 40,520 spindles and 1,156 looms
Engine: 500hp cross compound engine by Ashton Frost, 1906 [7]
Brunswick Place  Preston[7]
Bushell Street  Lancaster Rd North, Preston
Notes: 1891: John Humber, 702 looms [7]
Bute  Preston[7]
Cable Street  Preston[7]
Castle Street  Preston[7]
Caledonian Go  Pitt St, Preston
Notes: 1891:William Entwisle's Sons, 437 looms [7]
Canal Street  Preston[7]
Cottage Street  Preston[7]
Croft Street  Preston
Notes: 1891:William Henry Hincksman, 36,620 spindles [7]
Dale Street  Preston[7]
Deepdale  Preston[7]
Edward Street  Preston[7]
Eldon Street (Stocks Bridge) P.Pickup  Preston 1903 114
Notes: Powered by a Yates & Thom, 800ihp cross compound [10]
Emerson Road  Preston[7]
Fishwick  Preston
Notes: 1891: Swainson, Birley and Co, 95,562 spindles [7]
Fitzroy Street  Preston[7]
Flats  Preston
Notes: 1891, together with Aqueduct and India Mills: William Calvert and Co, 150,566 spindles [7]
Frenchwood  Preston[7]
Fylde Road Shed  Preston
Notes: 1891: S. and E. Leese, 40,924 spindles and Edward Hayes, 331 looms [7]
Grimshaw Street  Preston[7]
Greenbank  Preston
Notes: 1891 together with St Paul's Rd Mill: John Hawkins and Sons, 95,352 spindles [7]
Heatley Street  Preston[7]
Higher Walton  Preston
Higher Walton Mill, Walton-le-Dale - geograph.org.uk - 751619.jpg Notes: [7]
Hopwood Street  Preston
Notes: 1891: (together with Bank Top and Primrose Hill Mills): William Paley, 30,992 spindles [7]
Hunt Street  Preston[7]
India  New Hall Lane, Preston
Notes: 1891, together with Aqueduct and Flats Mills: William Calvert and Co, 150,566 spindles [7]
Kay Street  Preston
Notes: 1891: F. Mangnall and Co, 32,000 spindles [7]
Kent Street  Preston[7]
Lawson  Cumberland St, Preston
Notes: William Shaw and Co, 416 looms[7]
Lord Street  Tithebarn St, Preston
Notes: 1891: 11,700 spindles [7]
Lutwidge  Isherwood St, Preston
Notes: 1891: Birley, Beaumont and Co, 27,160 spindles [7]
Manchester  Preston
Manchester Mill, Preston (geograph 1994535).jpg Notes: [7]
Markland Street  Preston[7]
Marsh Lane  Preston
Notes: 1891:Brotherton and Co, 576 looms
Meadow Street  Preston[7]
Moor Brook  Preston
Notes: 1891:William Anderton, 744 looms and J. R. and A. Smith Ltd, 1140 looms[7]
Moor Hall  Preston
Notes: 1891:Edward Healey, 684 looms [7]
Moor Park  Preston[7]
Moor Lane  Preston[7]
Moss Shed  Preston[7]
Murray Street  Preston[7]
New Hall Lane  Preston 1856 161
Notes: Grade II listed building[11]
1891 with Victoria and Wellington Mill: Eccles Brothers, 90,428 spindles, 1078 looms [7]
New Hall Lane (Rigby Street)  Rigby St, Preston
Notes: 1891:Paul Catterall, Son and Co, 42,296 spindles [7]
New Preston  Preston
Notes: 1891 (together with Yard and New Preston Mills): Horrockses, Crewdson and Co, Limited, 131,200 spindles and 4405 looms [7]
Orr & Co. (Bamber Bridge)  Preston[7]
Oxhey  Ripon St, Preston
Notes: 1891: Oxhey Cotton Spinning and Manufacturing Co Ltd, 18,086 spindles [7]
Parker Street  Preston
Notes: 1891:Joseph and John Haslam, 42000 spindles [7]
Park  North Rd, Preston
Notes: 1891: Park Lane Twist Co Ltd, 48,760 spindles
Park Lane  Preston[7]
Peel  Preston
Notes: 1891 together with Brookfield Mill: John Goodair and Co, 73,591 spindles and 1322 looms [7]
Pole Street  Preston
Notes: 1891: M.B. Copland, 27,812 spindles [7]
Primrose Hill  Preston
Notes: 1891: (together with Hopwood St and Bank Top Mills): William Paley, 30,992 spindles [7]
Progress  Preston[7]
Queens  Greenbank St, Preston
Notes: William Smith and Co, 770 looms [7]
Raglan  Preston[7]
Ribble Street  Preston[7]
Ribbleton  Preston
Notes: 1891: (together with Southgate Mill) Joseph Smith, 67,550 spindles [7]
Ribble Bank  Preston[7]
Ribbleton Lane  Preston[7]
Sedgewick Street  Preston[7]
Soho (Fylde Road)  Preston[7]
Southgate  Preston
Notes: 1891: (together with Ribbleton Mill) Joseph Smith, 67,550 spindles [7]
Sovereign  Preston
Notes: 1891 together with Yard and New Preston Mills: Horrockses, Crewdson and Co, Limited, 131,200 spindles and 4405 looms [7]
Spa  Marsh Lane, Preston
Notes: 1891:Levi Fish, 530 looms [7]
Springfield  Brook St, Preston
Notes: 1891: Richard Goodair Ltd, 836 looms [7]
Steam  Fylde Rd, Preston
Notes: 1891: Joseph Eccles and Co, 548 looms[7]
Stourton  Fishwick, Preston
Notes: Mellor Brothers, Limited, 30,500 spindles [7]
St Pauls Road  Preston
Notes: 1891 together with Greenbank Mill: John Hawkins and Sons, 95,352 spindles [7]
Swillbrook  Preston
Notes: 1891 together with Deepdale: Hampson and Fish Ltd, 1786 looms [7]
Tennyson Road  Preston
Notes: 1891: Cotton Spinning and Manufacturing Co., Limited, 480 looms [7]
Tulketh Factory  Preston[7]
Turk's Head  Preston[7]
Walker Street  Preston[7]
Waverley Park  Preston[7]
Wellfield  Preston
Notes: 1891: Preston Cotton Spinning and Manufacturing Co, Limited, 49,672 spindles [7]
Wellington  Preston
Notes: 1891 (with Victoria and New Hall Lane Mill): Eccles Brothers, 90,428 spindles, 1078 looms[7]
Wharton  Preston[7]
Willow Street  Preston[7]
Victoria (Peel Hall Street)  Preston
Notes: 1891: John Liver and Co, 476 looms [7]
Victoria (nr New Quay)  Preston[7]
Yard Works (Horrockses)  Preston
Notes: 1891 (together with Sovereign and New Preston Mills): Horrockses, Crewdson and Co, Limited, 131,200 spindles and 4405 looms [7]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Dickinson 2002, p. 184
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Ashmore 1982, pp. 217,219
  3. ^ "Name: CENTENARY MILL List entry Number: 1218681". Historic England. Retrieved 6 February 2016. 
  4. ^ Dickinson 2002, p. 122
  5. ^ "Name: TULKETH MILL List entry Number: 1207235". Historic England. Retrieved 6 February 2016. 
  6. ^ Dickinson 2002, p. 147
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch ci cj ck cl cm cn Dickinson 2002, p. 199
  8. ^ Dickinson 2002, p. 150
  9. ^ "Name: BROOKHOUSE MILL List entry Number: 1218790". Historic England. Retrieved 6 February 2016. 
  10. ^ Dickinson 2002, p. 153
  11. ^ "Name: NEW HALL LANE MILL List entry Number: 1207305". Historic England. Retrieved 6 February 2016. 

Bibliography[edit]