List of mnemonics
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This article contains list of notable mnemonics used to remember various objects, lists, etc.
- Order of planets from the Sun: (Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, Pluto)
- obsolete (per the IAU definition of planet):
- Stellar classification sequence: O B A F G K M R N S
- Oh Be A Fine Girl/Guy, Kiss Me Right Now, Sweetheart!
- Revised stellar classification sequence: O B A F G K M L T Y
- Old, Bald, And Fat Generals Kiss More Ladies Than You
- To remember the order of taxa in biology (Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species, [Variety]):
- "Dear King Philip Came Over For Good Soup" is often cited as a non-vulgar method for teaching students to memorize the taxonomic classification system. Other variations tend to start with the mythical king, with one author noting "The nonsense about King Philip, or some ribald version of it, has been memorized by generations of biology students".
- Do Kings Play Chess On Fine Green Silk?:69
- Dumb Kids Prefer Cheese Over Fried Green Spinach:69
- Do Kindly Place Cover On Fresh Green Spring Vegetables:69
- Darn Kernel Panics Crash Our Family Game System
- To remember the processes that define living things:
- To remember the number of humps on types of camels::67
- To distinguish color patterns between the harmless kingsnake and the venomous coral snake
- Red next to black will not kill a jack. Red next to yellow will kill a fellow.
To recall the names of the first 20 elements in the periodic table:
- Harry, he likes beer by cupfuls, not over frothy, never nasty mugs allowed. Since past six closing, are kegs cancelled?
- (H, He, Li, Be, B, C, N, O, F, Ne, Na, Mg, Al, Si, P, S, Cl, Ar, K, Ca.)
- For the EIA electronic color code, Black(0), Brown(1), Red(2), Orange(3), Yellow(4), Green(5), Blue(6), Violet(7), Gray(8), White(9), Gold(5%), Silver(10%), None(20%)
- A mnemonic to remember which way to turn common (right-hand thread) screws and nuts, including light bulbs, is "Righty-tighty, Lefty-loosey"; another is "Right on, Left off".:165
- For power in watts: Twinkle twinkle little star, Power equals I squared R.[clarification needed]
- The countries of South America in order of largest to smallest by area: Brazil, Argentina, Peru, Colombia, Bolivia, Venezuela, Chile, Paraguay, Ecuador, Guyana, Uruguay, Suriname
- Boring, Average Politics Can Become Very Corrupt. People Everywhere Get Used Sometimes
- The countries of Central America from North to South: Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama
- Big Gorillas Eat Hotdogs, Not Cold Pizza
- Super Heroes Must Eat Oats
- Or just to remember them at all
- Huron Ontario Michigan Erie Superior: HOMES
- The principal factors affecting climate: LABDOWA
- Geological periods: Precambrian, Cambrian, Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, Carboniferous, Permian, Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous, Paleocene, Eocene, Oligocene, Miocene, Pliocene, Pleistocene, Recent (Holocene)
- For Talc(=1) Gypsum(=2) Calcite(=3) Fluorite(=4) Apatite(=5) Orthoclase(=6) Quartz(=7) Topaz(=8) Corundum(=9) Diamond(=10)
- Differentiating stalactites from stalagmites.
- The 'mites go up and the 'tites come down. When one has ants in one's pants, the mites go up and the tights come down.:66 (In a strict scientific sense, a mite is not an ant, although "mite" in common speech can refer to any small creature.)
- Stalactites hang tight, hang down like tights on a line; stalagmites might bite (if you sit on them), might reach the roof.:66
- Tights hang from the Ceiling, and Mites crawling around on the Ground
- You need might to do push-ups (from the floor). You must hold tight doing chin-ups (off the ceiling).
- Stalactites are on the ceiling. Stalagmites are on the ground.:66
- Stalactites cling tight to the ceiling; stalagmites might reach the ceiling.
- Chinese dynasties (simplified): Xia (Hsia), Shang, Zhou (Chou), Qin (Ch'in), Han, Jin, Southern and Northern, Sui, Tang, Song, Yuan, Ming, Qing (Ching)
- She Shamefully Chose Chinese Hand Jingles (and) SiNfully Sweet Tango Songs: "You (and) Me, Chickadee!"
- English dynasties (simplified): Norman, Plantagenet, Lancaster, York, Tudor, Stuart, Hanover, Windsor
- No Plan Like Yours To Study History Wisely.
- Wives of Henry VIII (names): Aragon, Boleyn, Seymour, Cleves, Howard, Parr
- All Boys Should Come Home Please:103
- Wives of Henry VIII (manner of death): Divorced, beheaded, died / Divorced, beheaded, survived.:104
- British nobility rank order (simplified): Duke, Marquis, Earl, Viscount, Barons
- Do Men Ever Visit Boston?
- Assassinated US presidents and perpetrators: Lincoln by Booth, Garfield by Guiteau, McKinley by Czolgosz and Kennedy by Oswald.
- Losers Bearing Grudges Grieve Mainly Cowards Killing Orators
Characteristic sequence of letters
In most words like friend, field, piece, pierce, mischief, thief, tier, it is "i" which comes before "e". But on some words with c just before the pair of e and i, like receive, perceive, "e" comes before "i". This can be remembered by the following mnemonic,
But this is not always obeyed as in case of weird and weigh, weight, height, neighbor etc. and can be remembered by extending that mnemonic as given below
- I before E, except after C
- Or when sounded "A" as in neighbor, weigh and weight
- Or when sounded like "eye" as in height
- And "weird" is just weird
Another variant, which avoids confusion when the two letters represent different sounds instead of a single sound, as in atheist or being, runs
- When it says ee
- Put i before e
- But not after c
- Where ever there is a Q there is a U too
Most frequently u follows q. e.g.: Que, queen, question, quack, quark, quartz, quarry, quit, Pique, torque, macaque, exchequer. Hence the mnemonic:
- Where ever there is a Q there is a U too (But this is violated by some words; see:List of English words containing Q not followed by U)
Letters of specific syllables in a word
- Do not believe a lie.
- A secretary must keep a secret
- There is an ache in every teacher.
- Be sure of your measurements before you start work.
- Fri the end of your friend
- Big Elephants Are Ugly
- There are three "e"s buried in "cemetery".
- The principal is your pal.
Distinguishing between similar words
- Difference between Advice & Advise, Practice & Practise, Licence & License etc.
Advice, Practice, Licence etc. (those with c) are nouns and Advise, Practise, License etc. are verbs.
- One way of remembering this is that the word ‘noun’ comes before the word ‘verb’ in the dictionary; likewise ‘c’ comes before ‘s’, so the nouns are ‘practice, licence, advice’ and the verbs are ‘practise, license, advise’.
- Here or Hear
- We hear with our ear.
- Complement and Compliment
- complement adds something to make it enough
- compliment puts you in the limelight
- Principle and Principal
- Your principal is your pal
- A rule can be called a principle
- Remedial and Menial
- Remedial work is meant to remedy.
- Menial work is boring but it's mean (-ial) to complain.
- Their, There and They're
- Theirs is not mine even though 'I' is in it.
- There is where we'll be.
- They're is a contraction of 'they are.'
- Stationary and stationery
- Stationery contains er and so does paper; stationary (not moving) contains ar and so does car
- A for "at rest", e for envelope
First letter mnemonics of spelling
- Dashing In A Rush, Running Harder (or) Else Accident!
- Dining In A Rough Restaurant: Hurry, (otherwise)Expect Accidents!
- Diarrhea Is A Really Runny Heap (of) Endless Amounts
- A Rat In The House May Eat The Ice Cream
- Not Every Cat Eats Sardines (Some Are Really Yummy)
- Big Elephants Can Always Understand Small Elephants
- Big Elephants Cause Accidents Under Small Elephants
- Big Elephants Can't Always Use Small Exits
- Big Elephants Can’t Always Use Small Entrances
- Mnemonics Now Erase Man's Oldest Nemesis, Insufficient Cerebral Storage
- George's Elderly Old Grandfather Rode A Pig Home Yesterday.
- Trails Of My Old Red Rose Over Window
- Rhythm Helps Your Two Hips Move
- Adjective order in English: OSASCOMP (Opinion, Size, Age, Shape, Color, Origin, Material, Purpose)
- On Saturday And Sunday Cold Ovens Make Pastry
- The verbs in French that use the auxiliary verb être in the compound past (sometimes called "verbs of motion") can be memorized using the phrase "Dr. (and) Mrs. Vandertramp":
- devenir, revenir, monter, rester, sortir, venir, aller, naître, descendre, entrer, rentrer, tomber, retourner, arriver, mourir, partir
The articulation of the quadratic equation can be sung to the tune of various songs as a mnemonic device.
For helping students in remembering the rules in adding and multiplying two signed numbers, Balbuena and Buayan (2015) made the letter strategies LAUS (like signs, add; unlike signs, subtract) and LPUN (like signs, positive; unlike signs, negative), respectively.
Order of Operations
Please - Parenthesis
Excuse - Exponents
My - Multiplication
Dear - Division
Aunt - Addition
Sally - Subtraction
(In the UK, the phrase BIDMAS is used instead; Brackets, Indices, Division, Multiplication, Addition, Subtraction.)
- Sine = Opposite / Hypotenuse
- Cosine = Adjacent / Hypotenuse
- Tangent = Opposite / Adjacent
Other mnemonics that have been used for this include:
Some Old Hippie Caught Another Hippie Tripping On Acid.
Ships Of Holland Call At Harwich To Obtain Apples.
Sighs Of Happiness Come After Having Tankards Of Ale.
- To remember the signs of a stroke:
- Face (Has the victim's face fallen on one side?)
- Arms (Can the victim raise both arms and keep them raised?)
- Speech (Is the victim's speech slurred? Can they repeat a simple sentence?)
- Time (It is time to contact emergency services.)
- To remember the steps for Resuscitation:
- D.R.S. A.B.C.D
- Danger (Check for danger to yourself or others before starting)
- Response (Check for signs of life or response)
- Send for help (Call for backup, or Emergency services)
- Airway (Check for obstruction in the throat)
- Breaths (Check for breaths)
- CPR (Commence CPR)
- Defib (Apply Defibrillator)
- D.R.S. A.B.C.D
- To remember the 10 organ systems of the human body:
- NICER DRUMS (Nervous, Integumentary, Circulatory, Endocrine, Respiratory, Digestive, Reproductive, Urinary, Muscular, Skeletal)
- Intrinsic muscles of hand
'A OF A OF A'
Thenar (lateral to medial-palmar surface):
Abductor pollicis brevis Opponens pollicis Flexor pollicis brevis Adductor pollicis
Hypothenar (lateral to medial-palmar surface):
Opponens digiti minimi Flexor digiti minimi Abductor digiti minimi
- Bones of the wrist:
Scaphoid bone, Lunate bone, Triquetral bone, Pisiform bone, Trapezium (bone), Trapezoid bone, Capitate bone & Hamate bone
- Some Lovers Try Positions That They Can't Handle
- She Looks Too Pretty Try To Catch Her
- So Long To Pinky, Here Comes The Thumb
- Simply Learn The Positions That The Carpus Has
- Send Louis To Paris To Tame Carnal Hungers
- Stop Letting Those People Touch The Cadaver's Hands
- Differential Diagnosis
|NERVE:||Olfactory nerve||Optic nerve||Oculomotor nerve||Pathic (Trochlear) nerve||Trigeminal (dentist) nerve||Abducens nerve||Facial nerve||Vestibulo-cochlear (Auditory) nerve||Glosso-pharyngeal nerve||Vagus nerve||Spinal Accessory nerve||Hypoglossal nerve|
|OLd||OPen||OCeans||TROuble||TRIbesmen||ABout||Fish||VEnom||Giving||VArious||ACute / SPlitting||Headaches|
|TYPE:||Sensory||Sensory||Motor||Motor||Both (sensory + motor)||Motor||Both||Sensory||Both||Both||Motor||Motor|
|FORAMINA:||Cribriform plate||Optic canal||Superior Orbital Fissure||Superior Orbital Fissure||Superior Orbital Fissure||Foramen Rotundum||Foramen Ovale||Superior Orbital Fissure||Internal Acoustic Meatus||Internal Acoustic Meatus||Jugular Foramen||Jugular Foramen||Jugular Foramen||Hypoglossal Canal|
- Mnemonics are also used in remembering guitar string names in standard tuning.
- Every Average Dude Gets Better Eventually
- Eggs Are Deliciously Good Breakfast Energy
- Eddy Ate Dynamite Good Bye Eddy
- Every Adult Dog Growls Barks Eats.
- Every Acid Dealer Gets Busted Eventually
- Even After Dinner Giant Boys Eat
- Elephants And Donkeys Grow Big Ears
- Every American Dog Gets Bones Easily
- Every Angel Does Good Before Evil
- Eat All Day Get Big Easy
- Eine Alte Dame Geht Bei Einkaufen (German: an old lady goes shopping)
Thus we get the names of the strings from 6th string to the 1st string in that order.
Conversely, a mnemonic listing the strings in the reverse order is:
- Every Beginning Guitarist Does All Exercises!
- Elvis' Big Great Dane Ate Everything
- Every Big Girl Deserves An Elephant
- Easter Bunny Gets Drunk At Easter
- Easter Bunnies Go Dancing After Easter
As for guitar tuning, there is also a mnemonic for ukuleles.
- Good Cooks Eat A-lot
- In the other direction it is Aunt Evy Cooks Grits
- Musicians can remember the notes associated with the five lines of the treble clef using any of the following mnemonics, EGBDF: (from the bottom line to the top)
- Every Good Boy Does Fine.
- Every Good Boy Deserves Fudge (or Friendship, Fun, Fruit, etc.)
- Empty Garbage Before Dad Flips
- The four spaces of the treble clef spell out (from the bottom to the top) FACE and can be remembered as FACE fits in the space (between lines)
- The five lines of the bass clef from the bottom to the top
- Good Boys Do Fine Always
- Good Birds Don't Fly Away
- Grizzly Bears Don't Fly Airplanes
- Great Basses Dig Fine Altos
- Goblins Bring Death For All
- George Bush Didn't Find Anything
- Good Burritos Don't Fall Apart
- The four spaces of the bass clef from the bottom to the top
- All Cows Eat Grass
- All Cars Eat Gas
- The five lines of the alto clef from the bottom to the top
- Fat Alley Cat Eats Garbage
- The four spaces of the alto clef from the bottom to the top
- Green Birds Do Fly
- The order of sharps in key signature notation is F♯, C♯, G♯, D♯, A♯, E♯, B♯, which can be remembered using the phrase
- Father Charles Goes Down And Ends Battle
- Father Christmas Gave Dad An Electric Blanket.
- Fat Cats Go Down Alleys Eating Birds.
- Fidel Castro Gets Drunk And Eats Babies.
- Fat Cats Greedy Dogs All Eat Bananas.
- The order of flats is B♭, E♭, A♭, D♭, G♭, C♭, and F♭ (reverse order of sharps), which can be remembered using the phrase:
- Battle Ends And Down Goes Charles' Father
- Blanket Exploded And Dad Got Cold Feet.
- Before Eating A Doughnut Get Coffee First.
- THE LAD ZAPPA is a mnemonic for the first 11 (and most important) Ionian philosophers: Thales, Heraclitus, Empedocles, Leucippus, Anaximander, Democritus, Zeno, Anaximenes, Protagoras, Parmenides, Anaxagoras .
- THE PLAZA PAD is another mnemonic for the first 11 (and most important) Ionian philosophers: Thales, Heraclitus, Empedocles, Protagoras, Leucippus, Anaximander, Zeno, Anaximenes, Parmenides, Anaxagoras, Democritus.
- Sequence of colors in a rainbow or visible spectrum (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet):
- "Richard Of York Gave Battle In Vain"
- Roy G. Biv is also used as a fictitious name
- "Red, Right, Return" reminds the skipper entering ("returning to") an IALA region B port to keep red markers to the starboard of the vessel. Conversely the opposite convention exists in IALA region A ports, where a similar (but significantly different) mnemonic of "Red on the Right Returning To Sea" can be used.
- The phrase "there's always some red port (wine) left" is used to remember the basics in seafaring. "Red" refers to the color of navigation lights on the port (left) side of a vessel (as opposed to green on the starboard side).
- "Nuclear Restrictions Constrain Fishing and Sailing, People Say" is used to encode the "order of priority" for which vessels have right of way (earlier in the list has priority over later): Not under command; Restricted; Constrained by draft; Fishing vessel; Sailboat; Powerboat; Seaplane.
- Aviation uses many mnemonics in addition to written checklists. See also Category: Aviation mnemonics
- CRAFT - Clearance limit, Route, Altitude, Frequency, Transponder.
- pre-landing: GUMPS - Gas, Undercarriage, Mixture, Propeller, Speed.
- pre-final: MARTHA - Missed (procedure), Altitude (limit), Radios (set), Time (limit), Heading (final), Airspeed (descent)
- pre-high-altitude - FLOWER - Flow (enabled), Lights (test), Oxygen (charged), Water (humidity), Electricity (on), Radio (check)
- pre-flight-paperwork - ARROW - Airworthiness (certificate), Registration, Required (charts), Operating (checklists), Weight and balance
- night collision avoidance: Red, Right, Returning - Red nav light on Right implies target is Returning (closing)
- radio loss Instrument course - CDEF - as Cleared, else Direct to last fix, else as directed to Expect, else as flight plan Filed
- spin recovery - POKER - Power (off), Opposite (full rudder), Klean (flaps, ...), Elevator (briskly forward), Recover (from dive)
Units of measure
- Common SI prefixes:
- kilo-, hecto-, deca-, deci-, centi-, milli-, in descending order of magnitude:
- deca-, hecto-, kilo-, mega-, giga-, tera-, in ascending order of magnitude:
- Decadent Hector Killed Meg's Gigantic Terrier
- deci-, centi-, kilo-, milli-, micro-, nano-, pico-, femto-, atto- in descending order of magnitude:
- Darn Clever Mnemonic Makes No Prefix Forgettable, Absolutely
- Brown, Mike (2012). How I killed Pluto and why it had it coming. Spiegel & Grau Trade Paperback. ISBN 978-0385531108.
- "SPECTRAL CLASSIFICATION OF STARS". www.eudesign.com. Retrieved 2019-04-06.
- Kirkpatrick, J. D. (2008). "Outstanding Issues in Our Understanding of L, T, and Y Dwarfs". 14th Cambridge Workshop on Cool Stars. 384: 85. arXiv:0704.1522. Bibcode:2008ASPC..384...85K.
- E.D. Hirsch, Jr., The Dictionary of Cultural Literacy (Houghton Mifflin, 1993); E.D. Hirsch, Jr., "What Your Fifth Grader Needs to Know: Fundamentals of a Good Fifth-grade Education" (Doubleday, 2005) p308
- Scott Hagwood, Memory Power: You Can Develop a Great Memory--America's Grand Master Shows You How (Simon & Schuster, 2007)
- Robert A. Wallace, et al., Biology, the Science of Life (Scott, Foresman, 1986) p398
- Parkinson, Judy (2008). I before E (except after C) : old-school ways to remember stuff. Pleasantville, N.Y.: Reader's Digest Association. ISBN 978-07621-0917-3.
- "Life processes - MRS GREN". KS3 Bitesize. BBC. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- Psychology: Concepts and Connections, Spencer Rathus
- ^ Jack G. Ganssle, Tammy Noergaard, Fred Eady, Lewin Edwards, David J. Katz, Rick Gentile, Ken Arnold, Kamal Hyder, and Bob Perrin (2008). Embedded Hardware: Know It All. Newnes. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-7506-8584-9. https://books.google.com/books?id=HLpTtLjEXqcC&pg=PA17&dq=resistor+color-code+mnemonic+%22big+brown%22&lr=&as_brr=3&as_pt=ALLTYPES&ei=tzaiSZigOZvgkASsy6GNAg
- Niebel, Benjamin W.; Freivalds, Andris (2003). "big+brown" Methods, Standards, and Work Design. ISBN 9780072468243.
- Dempsey, Caitlin (22 January 2017). "Geography Mnemonic to Learn the Countries of Central America". Geography Realm. Retrieved 6 July 2020.
- "11 Tricks for Keeping World History Straight". mentalfloss.com. 5 January 2016. Retrieved 2019-05-05.
- Mnemonic: Eras of Life
- Mnemonic: Mineral Hardness
- Mnemonic: Stalactites and Stalagmites
- Pauk, Walter; Owens, Ross J. Q. (2013). How to Study in College. Cengage. p. 246. ISBN 9781285632889.
- "Great Mnemonics". Fun-with-words.com. Retrieved 29 Aug 2011.
- Is it practise or practice? - Future Perfect
- Mnemonics > Useful mnemonics
- Mnemonics in English Language Teaching
- Brenner, Erin. "The Trouble with FANBOYS". Vocabulary.com. Retrieved 2019-07-14.
- Zimmer, Ben. "Of Fanboys and FANBOYS : Word Routes : Thinkmap Visual Thesaurus". Visual Thesaurus. Retrieved 2019-07-14.
- Être Verbs - Mnemonic Devices
- "Quadratic formula song". Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- "How to use BIDMAS to solve equations". BBC Bitesize. Retrieved 2019-12-23.
- "Trigonometry - AQA - Revision 1 - GCSE Maths". BBC Bitesize. Retrieved 2019-12-23.
- LBCC - Memory Tricks, Scott Brueckner
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-13. Retrieved 2009-12-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Mnemonic- Intrinsic muscles of hand
- Textbook of Basic Nursing by Caroline Bunker Rosdahl and Mary T. Kowalski (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2007) p194; Medical Terminology for Dummies by Beverley Henderson and Jennifer Dorsey (For Dummies, 2008) p327
- Caroline Bunker Rosdahl and Mary T. Kowalski, Textbook of Basic Nursing (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2007) p194
- Welcome englishguitarschool.com - Justhost.com Archived 2012-04-02 at the Wayback Machine
- Every Good Boy Does Fine - What does EGBDF stand for?
- Schonbrun, Marc (2005). The Everything Music Theory Book, p.68. ISBN 1-59337-652-9.
- Kuenning, Geoff. "Definitions and Mnemonics for Sailors and Powerboaters". Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-02. Retrieved 2011-09-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) in the section "The coming in going out rule"
- Useful Aviation Mnemonics (published by Dauntless Software, Inc.)
- Schaeffer, Randy S. (April 16, 2007). "Math Mnemonics". Faculty pages for R.S. Schaeffer. Kutztown PA: Kutztown University. Retrieved November 26, 2011.
- Evans, Rod L. (2007). Every good boy deserves fudge : the book of mnemonic devices (1st ed.). New York, N.Y.: Perigee. ISBN 978-0-399-53351-8.
- Parkinson, Judy (2008). I before E (except after C) : old-school ways to remember stuff. Pleasantville, N.Y.: Reader's Digest Association. ISBN 978-0-7621-0917-3.
- List of hundreds of mnemonics belonging to several topics
- Medical mnemonics pdf (consisting of 22 pages full of) mnemonics on medical topics ordered alphabetically
- Medical mnemonics
- Searchable database of Medical mnemonics
- Mnemonics generator for numbers
- Collection of Mnemonics
- Collection of Mnemonics by Category
- Community website to collaborate and create new mnemonics