List of mnemonics
This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2009) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
This article contains lists of mnemonics used to remember various objects, lists etc.
- 1 Astronomy
- 2 Biology
- 3 Engineering
- 4 Geology
- 5 History
- 6 Languages
- 7 Mathematics
- 8 Medicine
- 9 Music
- 10 Philosophy
- 11 Physics
- 12 Religion
- 13 Spelling
- 14 Transportation
- 15 Units of measure
- 16 See also
- 17 References
- 18 Further reading
- 19 External links
- Mean Very Evil Men Just Shortened Up Nature
- obsolete (per the IAU definition of planet):
- My Very Educated Mother Just Served Us Nine Pickles
- To remember the order of taxa in biology (Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species, [Variety]):
- "Dear King Philip Come Over For Good Spaghetti/Soup" is often cited as a non-vulgar method for teaching students to memorize the taxonomic classification system. Other variations tend to start with the mythical king, with one author noting "The nonsense about King Philip, or some ribald version of it, has been memorized by generations of biology students".
- Do Kings Play Chess On Fine Green Silk?:69
- Dumb Kids Prefer Cheese Over Fried Green Spinach:69
- Do Kindly Place Cover On Fresh Green Spring Vegetables:69
- Dumb King Phillip Came Over For Good Soup
- To remember the processes that define living things:
- To remember the number of humps on types of camels::67
- For the EIA electronic color code, Black(0), Brown(1), Red(2), Orange(3), Yellow(4), Green(5), Blue(6), Violet(7), Gray(8), White(9), Gold(5%), Silver(10%), None(20%)
- A mnemonic to remember which way to turn common (right-hand thread) screws and nuts, including light bulbs, is "Righty-tighty, Lefty-loosey"; another is "Right on, Left off".:165
- Geological periods: Precambrian, Cambrian, Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, Carboniferous, Permian, Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous, Paleocene, Eocene, Oligocene, Miocene, Pliocene, Pleistocene, Recent (Holocene)
- For Talc(=1) Gypsum(=2) Calcite(=3) Fluorite(=4) Apatite(=5) Orthoclase(=6) Quartz(=7) Topaz(=8) Corundum(=9) Diamond(=10)
- Differentiating stalactites from stalagmites.
- The 'mites go up and the 'tites come down. When one has ants in one's pants, the mites go up and the tights come down.:66 (In a strict scientific sense, a mite is not an ant, although "mite" in common speech can refer to any small creature.)
- Stalactites hang tight, hang down like tights on a line; stalagmites might bite (if you sit on them), might reach the roof.:66
- Tights hang from the Ceiling, and Mites crawling around on the Ground
- You need might to do push-ups (from the floor). You must hold tight doing chin-ups (off the ceiling).
- Stalactites are on the ceiling. Stalagmites are on the ground.:66
- Stalactites cling tight to the ceiling; stalagmites might reach the ceiling.
- Wives of Henry VIII manner of death: Divorced, beheaded, died / Divorced, beheaded, survived.:104
- Wives of Henry VIII names: Aragon, Boleyn, Seymour, Cleves, Howard, Parr
- All Boys Should Come Home Please:103
- Adjective order in English: OSASCOMP (Opinion, Size, Age, Shape, Color, Origin, Material, Purpose)
- The verbs in French that use the auxiliary verb être can be memorized using the phrase "Dr. (and) Mrs. Vandertramp":
- devenir, revenir, monter, rester, sortir, venir, aller, naître, descendre, entrer, rentrer, tomber, retourner, arriver, mourir, partir
The articulation of the quadratic equation can be sung to the tune of various songs as a mnemonic device.
- To remember the 10 organ systems of the human body:
- NICER DRUMS (Nervous, Intergumentary, Circulatory, Endocrine, Respiratory, Digestive, Reproductive, Urinary, Muscular, Skeletal)
- Intrinsic muscles of hand
'A OF A OF A'
Thenar (lateral to medial-palmar surface):
Abductor pollicis brevis Opponens pollicis Flexor pollicis brevis Adductor pollicis
Hypothenar (lateral to medial-palmar surface):
Opponens digiti minimi Flexor digiti minimi Abductor digiti minimi
- Bones of the wrist:
Scaphoid bone, Lunate bone, Triquetral bone, Pisiform bone, Trapezium (bone), Trapezoid bone, Capitate bone & Hamate bone
- Some Lovers Try Positions That They Can't Handle
- She Looks Too Pretty Try To Catch Her
- So Long To Pinky, Here Comes The Thumb
- Simply Learn The Positions That The Carpus Has
- Send Louis To Paris To Tame Carnal Hungers
- Stop Letting Those People Touch The Cadaver's Hands
- Differential Diagnosis
|NERVE:||Olfactory nerve||Optic nerve||Oculomotor nerve||Pathic (Trochlear) nerve||Trigeminal (dentist) nerve||Abducens nerve||Facial nerve||Vestibulo-cochlear (Auditory) nerve||Glosso-pharyngeal nerve||Vagus nerve||Spinal Accessory nerve||Hypoglossal nerve|
|OLd||OPen||OCeans||TROuble||TRIbesmen||ABout||Fish||VEnom||Giving||VArious||ACute / SPlitting||Headaches|
|TYPE:||Sensory||Sensory||Motor||Motor||Both (sensory + motor)||Motor||Both||Sensory||Both||Both||Motor||Motor|
|FORAMINA:||Cribriform plate||Optic canal||Superior Orbital Fissure||Superior Orbital Fissure||Superior Orbital Fissure||Foramen Rotundum||Foramen Ovale||Superior Orbital Fissure||Internal Acoustic Meatus||Internal Acoustic Meatus||Jugular Foramen||Jugular Foramen||Jugular Foramen||Hypoglossal Canal|
- Mnemonics are also used in remembering guitar string names in standard tuning.
- Every Average Dude Gets Better Eventually
- Eggs Are Deliciously Good Breakfast Energy
- Eddy Ate Dynamite Good Bye Eddy
- Every Adult Dog Growls Barks Eats.
- Every Acid Dealer Gets Busted Eventually
- Even After Dinner Giant Boys Eat
- Elephants And Donkeys Grow Big Ears
- Every American Dog Gets Bones Easily
- Every Angel Does Good Before Evil
Thus we get the names of the strings from 6th string to the 1st string in that order.
Conversely, a mnemonic listing the strings in the reverse order is:
- Every Beginning Guitarist Does All Exercises!
- Elvis' Big Great Dane Ate Everything
- Every Big Girl Deserves An Elephant
- Easter Bunny Gets Drunk At Easter
As for guitar tuning, there is also a mnemonic for ukuleles.
- Good Cooks Eat A-lot
- In the other direction it is Aunt Evy Cooks Grits
- Musicians can remember the notes associated with the five lines of the treble clef using any of the following mnemonics, EGBDF: (from the bottom line to the top)
- Every Good Boy Does Fine.
- Every Good Boy Deserves Fudge (or Footie, Friendship, Fun, Fruit, etc.)
- Every Green Bogey Deserves Flicking
- Empty Garbage Before Dad Flips
- Ernie Gave Bert Dead Fish
- Every Good Bird Does Fly
- Elvis's Guitar Broke Down Friday
- The four spaces of the treble clef spell out (from the bottom to the top) FACE
- The five lines of the bass clef from the bottom to the top
- Good Boys Do Fine Always
- Grizzly Bears Don't Fly Airplanes
- Great Basses Dig Fine Altos
- Goblins Bring Death For All
- The four spaces of the bass clef from the bottom to the top
- All Cows Eat Grass
- All Cars Eat Gas
- The five lines of the alto clef from the bottom to the top
- Fat Alley Cat Eats Garbage
- The four spaces of the alto clef from the bottom to the top
- Green Birds Do Fly
- The order of sharps in key signature notation is F♯, C♯, G♯, D♯, A♯, E♯, B♯, which can be remembered using the phrase
- Father Christmas Gave Dad An Electric Blanket.
- Fat Cats Go Down Alleys Eating Birds.
- The order of flats is B♭, E♭, A♭, D♭, G♭, C♭, and F♭ (reverse order of sharps), which can be remembered using the phrase:
- Blanket Exploded And Dad Got Cold Feet.
- Before Eating A Doughnut Get Coffee First.
- THE LAD ZAPPA is a mnemonic for the first 11 (and most important) Ionian philosophers: Thales, Heraclitus, Empedocles, Leucippus, Anaximander, Democritus, Zeno, Anaximenes, Protagoras, Parmenides, Anaxagoras .
- THE PLAZA PAD is another mnemonic for the first 11 (and most important) Ionian philosophers: Thales, Heraclitus, Empedocles, Protagoras, Leucippus, Anaximander, Zeno, Anaximenes, Parmenides, Anaxagoras, Democritus.
- Sequence of colors in a rainbow or visible spectrum (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet):
- "Richard Of York Gave Battle In Vain"
- "Riding On Your Granny's Bike Is Vile"
- Roy G. Biv is also used as a fictitious name
- Microwave frequency bands
- Mnemonic for microwave frequency bands in the increasing wavelengths (decreasing frequencies), which are Ku band, X band, C band, S band, L band, respectively is given by, King Xerxes Can Seduce Lovely princesses"
- "We guarantee certainty, clearly referring to this light mnemonic" represents the speed of light in meters per second through the number of letters in each word: 299,792,458.
- God's Eternal Love Never Dies.
- Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy.
- History Books
- Joshua Judges Ruth. Son 'a Sam Keeps Killing Career Criminals Every Nine Evenings.
- Joshua, Judges, Ruth. 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel, 1 Kings, 2 Kings, 1 Chronicles, 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther.
- Jesus Provides People Everlasting Strength.
- Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song.
- I Just Love Every Day.
- Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel.
- Having Jesus Always Offers Joy. My New Happy Zookeeper Hosts Zebra Manicures.
- Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah. Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi.
- Roman's Car Can Go Everywhere Philip's Couldn't; These Times Try Phil's Humor
- Romans, I Corinthians, II Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, I Thessalonians, II Thessalonians, I Timothy, II Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebrews
- One Jimmy, Two Peters, Three Johnsons: Just Right!
- James, I Peter, II Peter, I-III John, Jude, Revelation
- For the Twelve Apostles of Jesus, remember your BAPTISM (BAPTJJJJJSSM, using the ancient Hebrew letter I in place of the modern J):
- Bartholomew, Andrew, Philip, Thomas, James, John, James, Jude, Judas, Simon Peter, Simon, and Matthew
- To remember the seven deadly sins:
- Use the phrase SLAP EGG
- Sloth, Lust, Anger (wrath), Pride, Envy, Greed (avarice), Gluttony
- Or use the phrase PALE GAS
- Pride, Avarice (greed), Lust, Envy, Gluttony, Anger (wrath), Sloth
- Or to keep all the traditional words, including "Wrath", use the mnemonic "PEG'S LAW"
- Pride, Envy, Gluttony, Sloth, Lust, Avarice (greed), Wrath
- The position of the hands when making the Christian sign of the cross can be remembered by the phrase:
- Spectacles (forehead), testicles (stomach), wallet (left shoulder - as when a man's wallet would be carried in the left breast pocket of his jacket), and watch (right shoulder - as when a pocket watch was carried in the right vest pocket)
- To remember how many books are in both the Old and New Testaments of the Christian Bible, remember the following equation through the number of letters in each word: (Old Testament = 39 books, New Testament = 3 × 9 = 27 books)
- To recall the Five Pillars of Islam, remember the following sentence: Fast People Can't Feed Porcupines!
- Signs of the Western Zodiac (Aries Taurus Gemini Cancer Leo Virgo Libra Scorpio Sagittarius Capricorn Aquarius Pisces): "All Truly Great Crabs Lead Virtuous Lives Since Stars Can't Alter Physics."
- Signs of the Chinese zodiac (Dragon Snake Horse Goat Monkey Rooster Dog Pig Rat Ox Tiger Rabbit): starting with the year 2000, "Dragging Some Horses Should Make Cocks Do Pink Rats Or Tease Rabbits", or "Don't stop heavy rams, may cause deceleration problems, rats often tell rabbits"
Characteristic sequence of letters
In most words like friend, field, piece, pierce, mischief, thief, tier, it is "i" which comes before "e". But on some words with c just before the pair of e and i, like receive, perceive, "e" comes before "i". This can be remembered by the following mnemonic,
- I before E, except after C
But this is not always obeyed as in case of weird and weigh, weight, height, neighbor etc. and can be remembered by extending that mnemonic as given below
- I before E, except after C
- Or when sounded "A" as in neighbor, weigh and weight
- Or when sounded like "eye" as in height
- And "weird" is just weird
Another variant, which avoids confusion when the two letters represent different sounds instead of a single sound, as in atheist or being, runs
- When it says ee
- Put i before e
- But not after c
- Where ever there is a Q there is a U too
Most frequently u follows q. e.g.: Que, queen, question, quack, quark, quartz, quarry, quit, Pique, torque, macaque, exchequer. Hence the mnemonic:
- Where ever there is a Q there is a U too (But this is violated by some words; see:List of English words containing Q not followed by U)
- When two vowels go walking the first does the talking
For words like "oat" or "eat", here the second letter a is silent and first letter o and e respectively are pronounced in the examples
Letters of specific syllables in a word
- Do not believe a lie.
- A secretary must keep a secret
- There is an ache in every teacher.
- Be sure of your measurements before you start work.
- Fri the end of your friend
- The CIA have special agents
- Big Elephants Are Ugly
Distinguishing between similar words
- Difference between Advice & Advise, Practice & Practise, Licence & License etc.
Advice, Practice, Licence etc. (those with c) are nouns and Advise, Practise, License etc. are verbs.
- One way of remembering this is that the word ‘noun’ comes before the word ‘verb’ in the dictionary; likewise ‘c’ comes before ‘s’, so the nouns are ‘practice, licence, advice’ and the verbs are ‘practise, license, advise’.
- Here or Hear
- We hear with our ear.
- Complement and Compliment
- complement adds something to make it enough
- compliment puts you in the limelight
- Principle and Principal
- Your principal is your pal
- A rule can be called a principle
- Remedial and Menial
- Remedial work is meant to remedy.
- Menial work is boring but it's mean (-ial) to complain.
- Their, There and They're
- Theirs is not mine even though 'I' is in it.
- There is where we'll be.
- They're is a contraction of 'they are.'
- Stationary and stationery
- Stationery contains er and so does paper; stationary (not moving) contains ar and so does car
- A for "at rest", e for envelope
First letter mnemonics of spelling
- Dashing In A Rush, Running Harder (or) Else Accident!
- Dining In A Rough Restaurant: Hurry, (otherwise)Expect Accidents!
- Diarrhea Is A Really Runny Heap (of) Endless Amounts
- A Rat In The House May Eat The Ice Cream
- A Red Indian Thought He Might Eat Tulips In Class
- Big Elephants Can Always Understand Small Elephants
- Big Elephants Cause Accidents Under Small Elephants
- Big Elephants Can't Always Use Small Exits
- Big Elephants Can’t Always Use Small Entrances
- Because e Cannot Always (get) Under Smaller es
- Mnemonics Now Erase Man's Oldest Nemesis, Insufficient Cerebral Storage
- George's Elderly Old Grandfather Rode A Pig Home Yesterday.
- Trails Of My Old Red Rose Over Window
- Rhythm Helps Your Two Hips Move
- "Red, Right, Return" reminds the skipper entering ("returning to") an IALA region B port to keep red markers to the starboard of the vessel.
- The phrase "there's always some red port (wine) left" is used to remember the basics in seafaring. "Red" refers to the color of navigation lights on the port (left) side of a vessel (as opposed to green on the starboard side).
- "Nuclear Restrictions Constrain Fishing and Sailing, People Say" is used to encode the "order of priority" for which vessels have right of way (earlier in the list has priority over later): Not under command; Restricted; Constrained by draft; Fishing vessel; Sailboat; Powerboat; Seaplane.
- Aviation uses many mnemonics in addition to written checklists. See also Category: Aviation mnemonics
- pre-landing: GUMPS - Gas, Undercarriage, Mixture, Propeller, Speed.
- pre-final: MARTHA - Missed (procedure), Altitude (limit), Radios (set), Time (limit), Heading (final), Airspeed (descent)
- pre-high-altitude - FLOWER - Flow (enabled), Lights (test), Oxygen (charged), Water (humidity), Electricity (on), Radio (check)
- pre-flight-paperwork - ARROW - Airworthiness (certificate), Registration, Required (charts), Operating (checklists), Weight and balance
- night collision avoidance: Red, Right, Returning - Red nav light on Right implies target is Returning (closing)
- radio loss Instrument course - CDEF - as Cleared, else Direct to last fix, else as directed to Expect, else as flight plan Filed
- spin recovery - POKER - Power (off), Opposite (full rudder), Klean (flaps, ...), Elevator (briskly forward), Recover (from dive)
Units of measure
- Metric System - common SI Prefixes: kilo-, hecto-, deca-, unit, deci-, centi-, milli-, in descending order of magnitude.
- King Henry Died Drinking Chocolate Milk
- Metric System - large SI Prefixes: exa-, peta-, tera-, giga-, mega- kilo-, hecto-, deca-
- Every person that gave me kisses has diarrhea.
- Metric System - small SI Prefixes: deci-, centi-, milli-, micro-, nano-, pico-, femto-, atto-
- Dairy cows make milk, not pink fruit, asshole.
- Brown, Micheal. How I killed Pluto and Why it Had it Coming.
- E.D. Hirsch, Jr., The Dictionary of Cultural Literacy (Houghton Mifflin, 1993); E.D. Hirsch, Jr., "What Your Fifth Grader Needs to Know: Fundamentals of a Good Fifth-grade Education" (Doubleday, 2005) p308
- Scott Hagwood, Memory Power: You Can Develop a Great Memory--America's Grand Master Shows You How (Simon & Schuster, 2007)
- Robert A. Wallace, et al., Biology, the Science of Life (Scott, Foresman, 1986) p398
- Parkinson, Judy (2008). I before E (except after C) : old-school ways to remember stuff. Pleasantville, N.Y.: Reader's Digest Association. ISBN 978-07621-0917-3.
- Kumar. Missing or empty
- "Life processes - MRS GREN". KS3 Bitesize. BBC. Retrieved 20 November 2012.
- Psychology: Concepts and Connections, Spencer Rathus
- ^ Jack G. Ganssle, Tammy Noergaard, Fred Eady, Lewin Edwards, David J. Katz, Rick Gentile, Ken Arnold, Kamal Hyder, and Bob Perrin (2008). Embedded Hardware: Know It All. Newnes. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-7506-8584-9. https://books.google.com/books?id=HLpTtLjEXqcC&pg=PA17&dq=resistor+color-code+mnemonic+%22big+brown%22&lr=&as_brr=3&as_pt=ALLTYPES&ei=tzaiSZigOZvgkASsy6GNAg
- Mnemonic: Eras of Life
- Mnemonic: Mineral Hardness
- Mnemonic: Stalactites and Stalagmites
- Mnemonics in English Language Teaching
- Être Verbs - Mnemonic Devices
- "Quadratic formula song". Retrieved 22 April 2015.
- LBCC - Memory Tricks, Scott Brueckner
-  Mnemonic- Intrinsic muscles of hand
- Textbook of Basic Nursing by Caroline Bunker Rosdahl and Mary T. Kowalski (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2007) p194; Medical Terminology for Dummies by Beverley Henderson and Jennifer Dorsey (For Dummies, 2008) p327
- Caroline Bunker Rosdahl and Mary T. Kowalski, Textbook of Basic Nursing (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2007) p194
- Welcome englishguitarschool.com - Justhost.com
- Every Good Boy Does Fine - What does EGBDF stand for?
- Schonbrun, Marc (2005). The Everything Music Theory Book, p.68. ISBN 1-59337-652-9.
- chemistrydaily.com - chemistrydaily Resources and Information
- http://s3.amazonaws.com/spacenookie/MentatHandbook.pdf Page No 40
- Duodecim Apostoli
- PALE GAS | The Stationary Missionary
- "Great Mnemonics". Fun-with-words.com. Retrieved 29 Aug 2011.
- Is it practise or practice? - Future Perfect
- Mnemonics > Useful mnemonics
- Kuenning, Geoff. "Definitions and Mnemonics for Sailors and Powerboaters". Retrieved 20 March 2013.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-02. Retrieved 2011-09-06. in the section "The coming in going out rule"
- Useful Aviation Mnemonics (published by Dauntless Software, Inc.)
- Schaeffer, Randy S. (April 16, 2007). "Math Mnemonics". Faculty pages for R.S. Schaeffer. Kutztown PA: Kutztown University. Retrieved November 26, 2011.
- Evans, Rod L. (2007). Every good boy deserves fudge : the book of mnemonic devices (1st ed.). New York, N.Y.: Perigee. ISBN 978-0-399-53351-8.
- Parkinson, Judy (2008). I before E (except after C) : old-school ways to remember stuff. Pleasantville, N.Y.: Reader's Digest Association. ISBN 978-0-7621-0917-3.
- List of hundreds of mnemonics belonging to several topics
- Medical mnemonics pdf (consisting of 22 pages full of) mnemonics on medical topics ordered alphabetically
- Medical mnemonics
- Searchable database of Medical mnemonics
- Mnemonics generator for numbers
- Collection of Mnemonics
- Collection of Mnemonics by Category
- Community website to collaborate and create new mnemonics