List of mnemonics

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This article contains lists of mnemonics used to remember various objects, lists etc.

Astronomy[edit]

Mean Very Evil Men Just Shortened Up Nature[2]
obsolete (per the IAU definition of planet):
My Very Educated Mother Just Said Uh-oh! No Pluto (Stephen Colbert's tongue-in-cheek mnemonic[3])
My Very Easy Method Just Speeds Up Naming Planets[4]

Biology[edit]

  • To remember the order of taxa in biology (Domain, Kingdom, Phylum, Class, Order, Family, Genus, Species, [Variety]):
    • "Dear King Philip Come Over For Good Spaghetti/Soup" is often cited as a non-vulgar method for teaching students to memorize the taxonomic classification system.[5][6] Other variations tend to start with the mythical king, with one author noting "The nonsense about King Philip, or some ribald version of it, has been memorized by generations of biology students".[7]
    • Do Kings Play Chess On Fine Green Silk?[8]:69
    • Dumb Kids Prefer Cheese Over Fried Green Spinach[8]:69
    • Do Kindly Place Cover On Fresh Green Spring Vegetables[8]:69
  • To remember the processes that define living things:
    • MRS GREN: Movement; Respiration; Sensation; Growth; Reproduction; Excretion; Nutrition[8]:135[9]
  • To remember the number of humps on types of camels:[8]:67[10]

Engineering[edit]

  • For the EIA electronic color code, Black(0), Brown(1), Red(2), Orange(3), Yellow(4), Green(5), Blue(6), Violet(7), Gray(8), White(9), Gold(5%), Silver(10%), None(20%)
Big brown rabbits often yield great big vocal groans when gingerly slapped [11]
Bad boys run our young girls behind victory garden walls[12]
  • A mnemonic to remember which way to turn common (right-hand thread) screws and nuts, including light bulbs, is "Righty-tighty, Lefty-loosey"; another is "Right on, Left off".[8]:165

Geology[edit]

  • Geological periods: Precambrian, Cambrian, Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, Carboniferous, Permian, Triassic, Jurassic, Cretaceous, Paleocene, Eocene, Oligocene, Miocene, Pliocene, Pleistocene, Recent (Holocene)
  • Pregnant Camels Often Sit Down Carefully, Perhaps Their Joints Creak? Possibly Early Oiling Might Prevent Permanent Rheumatism[8]:62-63
  • Paleozoic to Cenozoic: Pregnant Camels Ordinarily Sit Down Carefully, Perhaps Their Joints Creak[13]
For Talc(=1) Gypsum(=2) Calcite(=3) Fluorite(=4) Apatite(=5) Orthoclase(=6) Quartz(=7) Topaz(=8) Corundum(=9) Diamond(=10)
  • Tall Girls Can Fight And Other Queer Things Can Develop[8]:64
  • TAll GYroscopes CAn FLy APart ORbiting QUickly TO COmplete DIsintegration[8]:64
  • Toronto Girls Can Flirt And Only Quit To Chase Dwarves
  • Terrible Giants Can Find Alligators Or Quaint Trolls Conveniently Digestible
  • Differentiating stalactites from stalagmites.[15]
    • The 'mites go up and the 'tites come down. When one has ants in one's pants, the mites go up and the tights come down.[8]:66 (In a strict scientific sense, a mite is not an ant, although "mite" in common speech can refer to any small creature.)
    • Stalactites hang tight, hang down like tights on a line; stalagmites might bite (if you sit on them), might reach the roof.[8]:66
    • Tights hang from the Ceiling, and Mites crawling around on the Ground
    • You need might to do push-ups (from the floor). You must hold tight doing chin-ups (off the ceiling).
    • Stalactites are on the ceiling. Stalagmites are on the ground.[8]:66
    • Stalactites cling tight to the ceiling; stalagmites might reach the ceiling.

History[edit]

  • Wives of Henry VIII manner of death: Divorced, beheaded, died / Divorced, beheaded, survived.[8]:104
  • Wives of Henry VIII names: Aragon, Boleyn, Seymour, Cleves, Howard, Parr
  • All Boys Should Come Home Please[8]:103

Languages[edit]

Grammar[edit]

  • Adjective order in English: OSASCOMP (Opinion, Size, Age, Shape, Color, Origin, Material, Purpose)[16]
  • The verbs in French that use the auxiliary verb être can be memorized using the phrase "Dr. (and) Mrs. Vandertramp":
devenir, revenir, monter, rester, sortir, venir, aller, naître, descendre, entrer, rentrer, tomber, retourner, arriver, mourir, partir[17]

Mathematics[edit]

Quadratic equation[edit]

The articulation of the quadratic equation can be sung to the tune of various songs as a mnemonic device.[18]

Trigonometry[edit]

ASTC stands for All Students Take Calculus, and also pertains to the more simplified mnemonic Add Sugar To Coffee, which represents the trigonometric functions that are positive in each quadrant, beginning with the top right and continuing counterclockwise: All, sine, tangent, cosine. -All Science Teachers Are Crazy -All Silver Tea Cups -Annie Spewed Terrible Curses

Remembering the definitions of sine, cosine, and tangent can be done by memorizing SOHCAHTOA, which helps to encode Sine = Opposite over Hypotenuse, Cosine = Adjacent over Hypotenuse, and Tangent = Opposite over Adjacent. These mnemonics are more useful if they can be recited in three groups of three words.

Other ways to remember SOHCAHTOA are:

  • Some Old Horses Can Always Hear Their Owner Approaching
  • Some Old Horse Came A-Hoppin' Through Our Alley
  • Silly Old Henry Can't Add Hundreds, Tens Or Anything
  • Some Old Hags Can't Always Hide Their Old Age
  • Some Old Hippie Caught Another Hippie Tripping On Acid

SOH-CAH-TOA can also be memorized directly, as the name of a fictitious Native American tribal chief or princess.

Other techniques group the abbreviations differently: SCT,O/H,A/H,O/A, which stands for Sine Cosine Tangent, Opposite/Hypotenuse, Adjacent/Hypotenuse, Opposite/Adjacent. This mnemonic, "SCTOHAHOA", can be committed to memory as "Sally Can Tell, Oscar Has A Hat On Always". Some students use "Hard On" as opposed to "Hat On", finding that sexual and humorous mnemonics are often easier to recall.

SPH-CBH-TPB (sine = perpendicular/hypotenuse, cosine = base/hypotenuse, tangent = perpendicular/base)

  • Some People Have Curly Brown Hair Through Proper Brushing
  • Some People Have Curly Brown Hair Turned Permanently Black

Another odd permutation:

  • Oranges Have Segments, Apples Have Cores, Oranges Are Tangy

In Hindi, there is a funny mnemonic — Sona Chandi Tole Pandit Badri Prasad Har Har Bole, where:

  • Sona = Pandit / Har (sine = perpendicular/hypotenuse)
  • Chandi = Badri / Har (cosine = base/hypotenuse)
  • Tole = Prasad / Bole (tangent = perpendicular/base)

The sines, cosines and tangents of the special angles in the first quadrant are obtained by simplifying

sin 0° = 0/2 , sin 30° = 1/2 , sin 45° = 2/2 , sin 60° = 3/2 , sin 90° = 4/2 ,
cos 0° = 4/2 , cos 30° = 3/2 , cos 45° = 2/2 , cos 60° = 1/2 , cos 90° = 0/2 , and
tan 0° = √3−∞ , tan 30° = √3−1 , tan 45° = √30 , tan 60° = √31 , tan 90° = √3 .

Calculus[edit]

  • For remembering the order of taking the derivative of a quotient in calculus, the phrase "lo-di-hi minus hi-di-lo all over lo squared" can be useful, where lo means the bottom, hi means the top, and di means the derivative.

Another phrase that one may use is: "Bottom d Top, Top d bottom", where "d" stands for derivative (but this mnemonic does not include a reminder of the crucial dividing by the bottom squared).

A phrase memorable for sounding like a square dance call is "Low d high, Less high d low, Draw the line, O'er squared be low."

Image mnemonic for the formula for calculating the numerical value of Phi

Phi (Φ)[edit]

Phi is the 21st letter of the Greek alphabet. In mathematics, Phi is used to represent an irrational number. The numerical value of Phi is 1.61803398… Phi is also used to represent the golden ratio (the ratio Phi to 1).

The standard mathematical formula for calculating the numerical value of Phi is: 1 plus the square root of 5, divided by 2. Using mathematical notation, this formula can be written as:

A right triangle having the dimensions 1, 2, and can help a person to remember the formula for calculating the numerical value of Phi. That right triangle is an example of an image mnemonic.

Pi (π)[edit]

The infinitude of digits in an expansion of the mathematical constant pi has inspired numerous literary and mnemonic writings. See the above referred article for many examples.

An excellent rational approximation of π is obtained by noting that 1 / π1 13 / 35 5 .[19]

Medicine[edit]

  • To remember the 10 organ systems of the human body:[20]
    • NICER DRUMS (Nervous, Intergumentary, Circulatory, Endocrine, Respiratory, Digestive, Reproductive, Urinary, Muscular, Skeletal)
  • Intrinsic muscles of hand[21]

'A OF A OF A'

Thenar (lateral to medial-palmar surface):

Abductor pollicis brevis
    Opponens pollicis
    Flexor pollicis brevis
    Adductor pollicis

Hypothenar (lateral to medial-palmar surface):

Opponens digiti minimi
    Flexor digiti minimi
    Abductor digiti minimi
Some Lovers Try Positions That They Can't Handle
She Looks Too Pretty Try To Catch Her
So Long To Pinky, Here Comes The Thumb
Simply Learn The Positions That The Carpus Has
Send Louis To Paris To Tame Carnal Hungers
Stop Letting Those People Touch The Cadaver's Hands
  • Differential Diagnosis
VINDICATE
List of mnemonics for the cranial nerves, their respective type and foramen
NERVE: Olfactory nerve Optic nerve Oculomotor nerve Pathic (Trochlear) nerve Trigeminal (dentist) nerve Abducens nerve Facial nerve Vestibulo-cochlear (Auditory) nerve Glosso-pharyngeal nerve Vagus nerve Spinal Accessory nerve Hypoglossal nerve
Ophthalmic Maxillary Mandibular
Mnemonic:
(for nerve)[22]
OLd OPen OCeans TROuble TRIbesmen ABout Fish VEnom Giving VArious ACute / SPlitting Headaches
TYPE: Sensory Sensory Motor Motor Both (sensory + motor) Motor Both Sensory Both Both Motor Motor
Mnemonic:
(for type)[23]
Some Say Money Matters, But My Brother Says Big Brains Matter More
FORAMINA: Cribriform plate Optic canal Superior Orbital Fissure Superior Orbital Fissure Superior Orbital Fissure Foramen Rotundum Foramen Ovale Superior Orbital Fissure Internal Acoustic Meatus Internal Acoustic Meatus Jugular Foramen Jugular Foramen Jugular Foramen Hypoglossal Canal
Mnemonics:
(for foramina)
Cleaners Only Spray Smelly Stuff Right On Smelly Idiots In Jumbled Junkyards Juggled High
Carl Only Swims South. Silly Roger Only Swims In Infiniti Jacuzzis. Jane Just Hitchhikes.

Music[edit]

Guitar[edit]

  • Mnemonics are also used in remembering guitar string names in standard tuning.[24]
  • Every Average Dude Gets Better Eventually
  • Eggs Are Deliciously Good Breakfast Energy
  • Eddy Ate Dynamite Good Bye Eddy
  • Every Adult Dog Growls Barks Eats.
  • Every Acid Dealer Gets Busted Eventually
  • Even After Dinner Giant Boys Eat
  • Elephants And Donkeys Grow Big Ears
  • Every American Dog Gets Bones Easily
  • Every Angel Does Good Before Evil

Thus we get the names of the strings from 6th string to the 1st string in that order.

Conversely, a mnemonic listing the strings in the reverse order is:

  • Every Beginning Guitarist Does All Exercises!
  • Elvis' Big Great Dane Ate Everything
  • Every Big Girl Deserves An Elephant
  • Easter Bunny Gets Drunk At Easter

Ukulele[edit]

As for guitar tuning, there is also a mnemonic for ukuleles.

  • Good Cooks Eat A-lot
  • In the other direction it is Aunt Evy Cooks Grits

Reading music[edit]

  • Musicians can remember the notes associated with the five lines of the treble clef using any of the following mnemonics, EGBDF: (from the bottom line to the top)
  • Every Good Boy Does Fine.[25]
  • Every Good Boy Deserves Fudge (or Footie, Friendship, Fun, Fruit, etc.)
  • Every Green Bogey Deserves Flicking
  • Empty Garbage Before Dad Flips
  • Ernie Gave Bert Dead Fish
  • Every Good Bird Does Fly
  • Elvis's Guitar Broke Down Friday
  • The four spaces of the treble clef spell out (from the bottom to the top) FACE
  • The five lines of the bass clef from the bottom to the top
  • Good Boys Do Fine Always
  • Grizzly Bears Don't Fly Airplanes
  • Great Basses Dig Fine Altos
  • Goblins Bring Death For All
  • The four spaces of the bass clef from the bottom to the top
  • All Cows Eat Grass
  • All Cars Eat Gas
  • The five lines of the alto clef from the bottom to the top
  • Fat Alley Cat Eats Garbage
  • The four spaces of the alto clef from the bottom to the top
  • Green Birds Do Fly
Key signatures of C♯ major or A♯ minor (left) and C♭ major or A♭ minor (right)
  • The order of sharps in key signature notation is F♯, C♯, G♯, D♯, A♯, E♯, B♯, which can be remembered using the phrase
  • Father Christmas Gave Dad An Electric Blanket.[26]
  • Fat Cats Go Down Alleys Eating Birds.
  • The order of flats is B♭, E♭, A♭, D♭, G♭, C♭, and F♭ (reverse order of sharps), which can be remembered using the phrase:
  • Blanket Exploded And Dad Got Cold Feet.[26]
  • Before Eating A Doughnut Get Coffee First.

Philosophy[edit]

  • THE LAD ZAPPA is a mnemonic for the first 11 (and most important) Ionian philosophers: Thales, Heraclitus, Empedocles, Leucippus, Anaximander, Democritus, Zeno, Anaximenes, Protagoras, Parmenides, Anaxagoras .
  • THE PLAZA PAD is another mnemonic for the first 11 (and most important) Ionian philosophers: Thales, Heraclitus, Empedocles, Protagoras, Leucippus, Anaximander, Zeno, Anaximenes, Parmenides, Anaxagoras, Democritus.

Physics[edit]

  • Sequence of colors in a rainbow or visible spectrum (red, orange, yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet):
"Richard Of York Gave Battle In Vain"
"Riding On Your Granny's Bike Is Vile"
Roy G. Biv is also used as a fictitious name
  • Microwave frequency bands
Mnemonic for microwave frequency bands in the increasing wavelengths (decreasing frequencies), which are Ku band, X band, C band, S band, L band, respectively is given by, King Xerxes Can Seduce Lovely princesses"[27]
  • "We guarantee certainty, clearly referring to this light mnemonic" represents the speed of light in meters per second through the number of letters in each word: 299,792,458.[28]

Religion[edit]

  • God's Eternal Love Never Dies.
  • Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy.
  • History Books
  • Joshua Judges Ruth. Son 'a Sam Keeps Killing Career Criminals Every Nine Evenings.
  • Joshua, Judges, Ruth. 1 Samuel, 2 Samuel, 1 Kings, 2 Kings, 1 Chronicles, 2 Chronicles, Ezra, Nehemiah, Esther.
  • Jesus Provides People Everlasting Strength.
  • Job, Psalms, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, Song.
  • I Just Love Every Day.
  • Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel.
  • Having Jesus Always Offers Joy. My New Happy Zookeeper Hosts Zebra Manicures.
  • Hosea, Joel, Amos, Obadiah, Jonah. Micah, Nahum, Habakkuk, Zephaniah, Haggai, Zechariah, Malachi.
  • Roman's Car Can Go Everywhere Philip's Couldn't; These Times Try Phil's Humor
  • Romans, I Corinthians, II Corinthians, Galatians, Ephesians, Philippians, Colossians, I Thessalonians, II Thessalonians, I Timothy, II Timothy, Titus, Philemon, Hebrews
  • One Jimmy, Two Peters, Three Johnsons: Just Right!
  • James, I Peter, II Peter, I-III John, Jude, Revelation
Bartholomew, Andrew, Philip, Thomas, James, John, James, Jude, Judas, Simon Peter, Simon, and Matthew
  • Use the phrase SLAP EGG
Sloth, Lust, Anger (wrath), Pride, Envy, Greed (avarice), Gluttony
  • Or use the phrase PALE GAS[30]
Pride, Avarice (greed), Lust, Envy, Gluttony, Anger (wrath), Sloth
  • Or to keep all the traditional words, including "Wrath", use the mnemonic "PEG'S LAW"
Pride, Envy, Gluttony, Sloth, Lust, Avarice (greed), Wrath
  • The position of the hands when making the Christian sign of the cross can be remembered by the phrase:
Spectacles (forehead), testicles (stomach), wallet (left shoulder - as when a man's wallet would be carried in the left breast pocket of his jacket), and watch (right shoulder - as when a pocket watch was carried in the right vest pocket)
  • To remember how many books are in both the Old and New Testaments of the Christian Bible, remember the following equation through the number of letters in each word: (Old Testament = 39 books, New Testament = 3 × 9 = 27 books)
  • To recall the Five Pillars of Islam, remember the following sentence: Fast People Can't Feed Porcupines!
  • Signs of the Western Zodiac (Aries Taurus Gemini Cancer Leo Virgo Libra Scorpio Sagittarius Capricorn Aquarius Pisces): "All Truly Great Crabs Lead Virtuous Lives Since Stars Can't Alter Physics."
  • Signs of the Chinese Zodiac (Dragon Snake Horse Ram/Sheep Monkey Cock/Rooster Dog Pig Rat Ox Tiger Rabbit): starting with the year 2000, "Dragging Some Horses Should Make Cocks Do Pink Rats Or Tease Rabbits", or "Don't stop heavy rams, may cause deceleration problems, Rats often tell rabbits"

Spelling[edit]

Characteristic sequence of letters[edit]

  • I always comes before E (but after C, E comes before I)[31][32]

In most words like friend, field, piece,pierce, mischief, thief, tier, it is "i" which comes before "e". But on some words with c just before the pair of e and i, like receive, perceive, "e" comes before "i". This can be remembered by the following mnemonic,

I before E, except after C

But this is not always obeyed as in case of weird and weigh,weight,height,neighbor etc. and can be remembered by extending that mnemonic as given below

I before E, except after C
Or when sounded "A" as in neighbor, weigh and weight
Or when sounded like "eye" as in height
And "weird" is just weird

Another variant, which avoids confusion when the two letters represent different sounds instead of a single sound, as in atheist or being, runs

When it says ee
Put i before e
But not after c
  • Where ever there is a Q there is a U too

Most frequently u follows q. e.g.: Que, queen, question, quack, quark, quartz, quarry, quit, Pique, torque, macaque, exchequer. Hence the mnemonic:

Where ever there is a Q there is a U too[32] (But this is violated by some words; see:List of English words containing Q not followed by U)
  • When two vowels go walking the first does the talking[28]

For words like "oat" or "eat", here the second letter a is silent and first letter o and e respectively are pronounced in the examples

Letters of specific syllables in a word[edit]

  • BELIEVE
Do not believe a lie.[32]
  • SECRETARY
A secretary must keep a secret[32]
  • TEACHER
There is an ache in every teacher.[32]
  • MEASUREMENT
Be sure of your measurements before you start work.[32]
  • FRIEND
Fri the end of your friend[32]
  • SPECIAL
The CIA have special agents[32]
  • BEAUTIFUL
Big Elephants Are Ugly[33]
  • SEPARATE
Always smell a rat when you spell separate[32]
There was a farmer named Sep and one day his wife saw a rat. She yelled, “Sep! A rat – E!!!”[34]

Distinguishing between similar words[edit]

  • Difference between Advice & Advise, Practice & Practise, Licence & License etc.

Advice, Practice, Licence etc. (those with c) are nouns and Advise, Practise, License etc. are verbs.

One way of remembering this is that the word ‘noun’ comes before the word ‘verb’ in the dictionary; likewise ‘c’ comes before ‘s’, so the nouns are ‘practice,licence,advice’ and the verbs are ‘practise,license,advise’.[35]
  • Here or Hear
We hear with our ear.
  • Complement and Compliment
complement adds something to make it enough
compliment puts you in the limelight[32]
  • Principle and Principal
Your principal is your pal
A rule can be called a principle[34]
  • Remedial and Menial
Remedial work is meant to remedy.
Menial work is boring but it's mean (-ial) to complain.
  • Their, There and They're
Theirs is not mine even though 'I' is in it.
There is where we'll be.
They're is a contraction of 'they are.'
  • Stationary and stationery
Stationery contains er and so does paper; stationary (not moving) contains ar and so does car[32]
A for "at rest", e for envelope

First letter mnemonics of spelling[edit]

  • DIARRH(O)EA
Dashing In A Rush, Running Harder (or) Else Accident!
Dining In A Rough Restaurant: Hurry, (otherwise)Expect Accidents!
Diarrhea Is A Really Runny Heap (of) Endless Amounts[33]
  • ARITHMETIC
A Rat In The House May Eat The Ice Cream[36]
A Red Indian Thought He Might Eat Tulips In Class
  • NECESSARY
Not Every Cat Eats Sardines (Some Are Really Yummy)[36]
Never Eat Crisps, Eat Salad Sandwiches, And Remain Young![34]
  • BECAUSE
Big Elephants Can Always Understand Small Elephants
Big Elephants Cause Accidents Under Small Elephants
Big Elephants Can't Always Use Small Exits
Big Elephants Can’t Always Use Small Entrances[36]
Because e Cannot Always (get) Under Smaller es
  • MNEMONICS
Mnemonics Now Erase Man's Oldest Nemesis, Insufficient Cerebral Storage[34]
  • GEOGRAPHY
George's Elderly Old Grandfather Rode A Pig Home Yesterday.[34]
  • TOMORROW
Trails Of My Old Red Rose Over Window[33]
  • RHYTHM
Rhythm Helps Your Two Hips Move[36]

Transportation[edit]

  • "Red, Right, Return" reminds the skipper entering ("returning to") an IALA region B port to keep red markers to the starboard of the vessel.
  • The phrase "there's always some red port (wine) left" is used to remember the basics in seafaring. "Red" refers to the color of navigation lights on the port (left) side of a vessel (as opposed to green on the starboard side).[37]
  • "Nuclear Restrictions Constrain Fishing and Sailing, People Say" is used to encode the "order of priority" for which vessels have right of way (earlier in the list has priority over later): Not under command; Restricted; Constrained by draft; Fishing vessel; Sailboat; Powerboat; Seaplane.[37]

  • pre-landing: GUMPS - Gas, Undercarriage, Mixture, Propeller, Speed.
  • pre-final: MARTHA - Missed (procedure), Altitude (limit), Radios (set), Time (limit), Heading (final), Airspeed (descent)
  • pre-high-altitude - FLOWER - Flow (enabled), Lights (test), Oxygen (charged), Water (humidity), Electricity (on), Radio (check)
  • pre-flight-paperwork - ARROW - Airworthiness (certificate), Registration, Required (charts), Operating (checklists), Weight and balance
  • night collision avoidance: Red, Right, Returning - Red nav light on Right implies target is Returning (closing)
  • radio loss Instrument course - CDEF - as Cleared, else Direct to last fix, else as directed to Expect, else as flight plan Filed
  • spin recovery - POKER - Power (off), Opposite (full rudder), Klean (flaps, ...), Elevator (briskly forward), Recover (from dive)

Units of measure[edit]

  • Metric System - common SI Prefixes: kilo-, hecto-, deca-, unit, deci-, centi-, milli-, in descending order of magnitude.
  • King Henry Died Drinking Chocolate Milk[40]
  • Metric System - large SI Prefixes: exa-, peta-, tera-, giga-, mega- kilo-, hecto-, deca-
  • Every person that gave me kisses has diarrhea.
  • Metric System - small SI Prefixes: deci-, centi-, milli-, micro-, nano-, pico-, femto-, atto-
  • Dairy cows make milk, not pink fruit, asshole.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "AST 101: The Great Mnemonic Contest". www.astro.sunysb.edu. Retrieved 2017-01-31. 
  2. ^ Brown, Micheal. How I killed Pluto and Why it Had it Coming. 
  3. ^ All You Need to Know - Proper Condom Use - The Colbert Report - Video Clip | Comedy Central
  4. ^ Feltonfleet School, Surrey - Where individuals really matter
  5. ^ E.D. Hirsch, Jr., The Dictionary of Cultural Literacy (Houghton Mifflin, 1993); E.D. Hirsch, Jr., "What Your Fifth Grader Needs to Know: Fundamentals of a Good Fifth-grade Education" (Doubleday, 2005) p308
  6. ^ Scott Hagwood, Memory Power: You Can Develop a Great Memory--America's Grand Master Shows You How (Simon & Schuster, 2007)
  7. ^ Robert A. Wallace, et al., Biology, the Science of Life (Scott, Foresman, 1986) p398
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n Parkinson, Judy (2008). I before E (except after C) : old-school ways to remember stuff. Pleasantville, N.Y.: Reader's Digest Association. ISBN 978-07621-0917-3. 
  9. ^ "Life processes - MRS GREN". KS3 Bitesize. BBC. Retrieved 20 November 2012. 
  10. ^ Psychology: Concepts and Connections, Spencer Rathus
  11. ^ ^ Jack G. Ganssle, Tammy Noergaard, Fred Eady, Lewin Edwards, David J. Katz, Rick Gentile, Ken Arnold, Kamal Hyder, and Bob Perrin (2008). Embedded Hardware: Know It All. Newnes. p. 17. ISBN 978-0-7506-8584-9. https://books.google.com/books?id=HLpTtLjEXqcC&pg=PA17&dq=resistor+color-code+mnemonic+%22big+brown%22&lr=&as_brr=3&as_pt=ALLTYPES&ei=tzaiSZigOZvgkASsy6GNAg
  12. ^ https://books.google.com/books?id=ApXSoagqrxcC&pg=PA297&dq=resistor+color-code+mnemonic+"big+brown"&lr=&as_brr=3&as_pt=ALLTYPES&ei=tzaiSZigOZvgkASsy6GNAg
  13. ^ Mnemonic: Eras of Life
  14. ^ Mnemonic: Mineral Hardness
  15. ^ Mnemonic: Stalactites and Stalagmites
  16. ^ Mnemonics in English Language Teaching
  17. ^ Être Verbs - Mnemonic Devices
  18. ^ "Quadratic formula song". Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  19. ^ The first 3 odd numbers, repeated, with a division symbol in the middle.
  20. ^ LBCC - Memory Tricks, Scott Brueckner
  21. ^ [1] Mnemonic- Intrinsic muscles of hand
  22. ^ Textbook of Basic Nursing by Caroline Bunker Rosdahl and Mary T. Kowalski (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2007) p194; Medical Terminology for Dummies by Beverley Henderson and Jennifer Dorsey (For Dummies, 2008) p327
  23. ^ Caroline Bunker Rosdahl and Mary T. Kowalski, Textbook of Basic Nursing (Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, 2007) p194
  24. ^ Welcome englishguitarschool.com - Justhost.com
  25. ^ Every Good Boy Does Fine - What does EGBDF stand for?
  26. ^ a b Schonbrun, Marc (2005). The Everything Music Theory Book, p.68. ISBN 1-59337-652-9.
  27. ^ chemistrydaily.com - chemistrydaily Resources and Information
  28. ^ a b http://s3.amazonaws.com/spacenookie/MentatHandbook.pdf Page No 40
  29. ^ Duodecim Apostoli
  30. ^ PALE GAS | The Stationary Missionary
  31. ^ "Great Mnemonics". Fun-with-words.com. Retrieved 29 Aug 2011. 
  32. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k http://www.kidsandlearning.com/mnemonics.html
  33. ^ a b c http://www.skillsworkshop.org/sites/skillsworkshop.org/files/resources/word/e1l2mnemonic.pdf
  34. ^ a b c d e http://www.audiblox2000.com/spelling-mnemonics.htm
  35. ^ Is it practise or practice? - Future Perfect
  36. ^ a b c d Mnemonics > Useful mnemonics
  37. ^ a b c Kuenning, Geoff. "Definitions and Mnemonics for Sailors and Powerboaters". Retrieved 20 March 2013. 
  38. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-09-02. Retrieved 2011-09-06.  in the section "The coming in going out rule"
  39. ^ Useful Aviation Mnemonics (published by Dauntless Software, Inc.)
  40. ^ Schaeffer, Randy S. (April 16, 2007). "Math Mnemonics". Faculty pages for R.S. Schaeffer. Kutztown PA: Kutztown University. Retrieved November 26, 2011. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Evans, Rod L. (2007). Every good boy deserves fudge : the book of mnemonic devices (1st ed.). New York, N.Y.: Perigee. ISBN 978-0-399-53351-8. 
  • Parkinson, Judy (2008). I before E (except after C) : old-school ways to remember stuff. Pleasantville, N.Y.: Reader's Digest Association. ISBN 978-0-7621-0917-3. 

External links[edit]