List of mobile network operators of Europe

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Mobile phone penetration in Europe based on available data between 2009 and 2012:
  > 140%
  120–140%
  100–120%
  < 100%
  No data

A mobile network operator or MNO (also known as a wireless service provider, wireless carrier, cellular company, or mobile network carrier) is a provider of wireless communications services. The main MNOs in Europe are listed below.

Albania[edit]

Albania had in 2015 4.9 million subscribers (175% penetration rate), out of which there were 3,3 million active users (117% penetration rate). An active user is the number of users that communicated in the last three months.[1]

The regulatory authority for telecommunication in Albania is the Electronic and Postal Communications Authority.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Vodafone Albania GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
1,560 (46.22%) (June 2015) Vodafone 27602
2 Telekom Albania
(Formerly AMC)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
0,998 (33.16%) (June 2015) Deutsche Telekom[2] 27601
3 Eagle Mobile GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0,482 (14.02%) (June 2015) ALBtelecom 27603
4 Plus GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0,270 (7.10%) (June 2015) Plus Communication 27604

Andorra[edit]

Andorra has 65.000 mobile subscribers[3] or about 76,4% mobile penetration.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Andorra Telecom
(formerly Servei de Telecomunicacions d'Andorra (STA))
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
0,065[4] (2011) State-owned[5] 21303

Armenia[edit]

As of June 2014, Armenia has 3,3 million subscribers in total, and a 120% penetration rate.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 VivaCell-MTS GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
2600 MHz LTE
2,1 (June 2014) MTS 28305
2 Beeline GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
0,7 (June 2014) VimpelCom 28301
3 Ucom / Orange GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
0,5 (June 2014) Ucom 28310

Austria[edit]

Austria has 13,0 million assigned numbers (i.e. 2,0 2G, 10,8 3G and 0,1 4G SIM cards), or a 151,0% penetration rate (4Q 2014[6]).

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Austria is the Austrian Regulatory Authority for Broadcasting and Telecommunications (RTR).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 A1 GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
5,40 (41,7%) (including yesss!)[6] (4Q 2014) Telekom Austria 23201
2 T-Mobile
(Formerly max.mobil.)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ (roams on 3's UMTS network where no UMTS)
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
3,94 (30,4%) (including tele.ring)[6] (4Q 2014) Deutsche Telekom 23202
3 3
•Includes the previous Orange network.
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
(roams on T-Mobile's GSM network when needed)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800/2600 MHz LTE
3,66 (27,8%)[6] (4Q 2014) CK Hutchison Holdings 23205

Azerbaijan[edit]

In December 2005, Azerbaijan had 2 million subscribers in total, a 25% penetration rate.[citation needed] In 2014, Azerbaijan has over 10 million subscribers in total and 130% penetration rate

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Azercell GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
4,417[7] (April 2013) Fintur Holdings B.V.1 (51,3%), State-owned (48,7%) 40001
2 Bakcell GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
3,4 GTIB 40002
3 Nar GSM 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
2,1 (March 2014) Azerfon LLC 40004
4 Aztrank CDMA2000   Lukoil Europe Ltd. (50%), State-owned (50%) 40003

1. Fintur Holdings B.V. owners are Telia Company 58,5% and Turkcell 41,45%

Belarus[edit]

Belarus has 10.7 million subscribers in total, or a 113% penetration rate. (Q4 2011)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Belarus is the Ministry of Communications and Informatization

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 MTS GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
5.41(Q4 2014) Beltelecom (51%), MTS (49%) 25702
2 Velcom GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, DC-HSPA+
4.937[8] (Q1 2014) Telekom Austria 25701
3 Life:) GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
1.2[9] (Q2 2012) Turkcell (80%), Belarusian Government (20%) 25704
4 beCloud 1800/2600 MHz LTE-A building RUE "National Traffic Exchange Center" (51%) 25706

Belgium[edit]

Belgium has 13.89 million subscribers in total, or a 124% penetration rate[10] (Q4 2014).

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Belgium is the Belgian Institute for Postal services and Telecommunications (BIPT).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Proximus GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
4.236[11] (Q3 2015) Proximus 20601
2 Orange
(Formerly Mobistar)
GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3.818[12] (Q2 2015) Orange S.A. (54%) 20610
3 BASE GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE
3.3[13] (Q4 2014) Telenet 20620

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

Bosnia and Herzegovina has 3.352 million subscribers in total,[14] or an 87.75% penetration rate (compared to official population estimate) (December 2012)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Bosnia and Herzegovina is the Communications Regulatory Agency (RAK)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
in million
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 BH Mobile GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA+
1.491
(including Happy) (Dec 2012)
BH Telecom 21890
2 m:tel GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1.414 (Dec 2012) Telekom Srpske 21805
3 HT Eronet GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS
0.445
(including Haloo) (Dec 2012)
HT Mostar 21803

Bulgaria[edit]

Bulgaria has 9.195 million subscribers in total, or a 128.5% penetration rate.[15] (report for 2015)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Bulgaria is the Communications Regulation Commission (CRC)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Mtel GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
1800/2100 MHz LTE
4.125[16] (25 April 2016) Telekom Austria (100%) 28401
2 Telenor
(Formerly Globul)
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
3.524[17] (27 Apr 2016) Telenor (100%) 28405
3 Vivacom
(Formerly vivatel)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
3.011[18] (10 May 2016) Bulgarian Telecommunications Company AD 28403
4 MAX
(Formerly Max Telecom)
1800 MHz LTE
0.03 Daniel Kupsin 28413
5 Bulsatcom 1800 MHz LTE 0.01 Bulsatcom 28411

Croatia[edit]

Croatia has 4.454.917 subscribers in total, or a 104% penetration rate. (Q2 2015)[19]

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Croatia is the Hrvatska agencija za poštu i elektronicke komunikacije (website available in Croatian and English language).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Hrvatski Telekom
(Formerly T-Mobile, HTmobile)
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/1800 MHz LTE
2.332 (September 2015)
(Including Bonbon)
Deutsche Telekom (51%) 21901
2 Vip GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
1.920 (38.64% - Dec 2012)
(Including Tomato)
Telekom Austria (100%) 21910
3 Tele2 GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
(Roaming on Hrvatski Telekom when needed)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
1800 MHz LTE
0.724 (14.58% - Dec 2012) Tele2 (100%) 21902

Cyprus[edit]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 MTN GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.399[21] (March 2014) MTN Group (100%) 28010
2 CYTA GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.296[22] (December 2012) Cyprus Telecommunications Authority 28001
3 PrimeTel 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available PrimeTel PLC 28020

Czech Republic[edit]

The Czech Republic has 14.244 million subscribers in total, or a 138% penetration rate (December 2011).[23]

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in the Czech Republic is the Český telekomunikační úřad.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 T-Mobile
(Formerly Paegas)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
6.024 (April 2016)[24] Deutsche Telekom 23001
2 O2
(Formerly Eurotel)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
CDMA EV-DO
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
4.89 (April 2016)[25][26] PPF (Formerly Český Telecom) 23002
3 Vodafone
(Formerly Oskar)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3.42 (June 2016)[27] Vodafone 23003

Denmark[edit]

Denmark has 8.208 million subscribers in total, or a 146% penetration rate[28] (June 2014). The regulator is the Danish Business Authority.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 TDC GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
800/2600 MHz[29] LTE
3.205[30] (June 2014) TDC 23801
2 Telenor
(Formerly Sonofon)
900/1800 GSM, (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE

(Shares network with Telia)

1.888[30] (June 2014) Telenor 23802
3 Telia 900/1800 GSM, (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
1800/2600 MHz LTE

(Shares network with Telenor)

1.523[30] (June 2014) Telia Company 23820
4 Hutchison 3 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
1800/2600 MHz LTE (Roams on Telias GSM/UMTS network where 3 does not reach)
1.039[30] (June 2014) CK Hutchison Holdings (60%), Investor AB (40%) 23806
5 Net 1 450 MHz CDMA Not Yet Available Access Industries

Estonia[edit]

Estonia has 2.524 million subscribers in total, or a 188% penetration rate.[31] (December 2008)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telia GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
1800/2600 MHz LTE
0.868[7] (Dec 2012) Telia Company 24801
2 Elisa
(Formerly Radiolinja)
GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
1800 MHz LTE
0.524[32] (Dec 2012) Elisa 24802
3 Tele2 GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
800/1800/2100 MHz LTE
0.505[33] (April 2013) Tele2 24803

Faroe Islands[edit]

The Faroe Islands have 0,061 million subscribers in total (Exact number 61.388), or a 126,2% penetration rate (Population 48652).[15] (December 2014)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Føroya Tele GSM-900
900/2100 MHz UMTS
LTE
71% - 0,044 million Faroese Telecom 28801
2 Vodafone
(Formerly Kall)
GSM-900
2100 MHz UMTS
LTE
29% - 0,018 million Kall P/F 28802

Finland[edit]

Finland has 7.700 million subscribers in total, or a 144.59% penetration rate.[15] (December 2009). See also the Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority (FICORA) at https://www.viestintavirasto.fi/en/

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Sonera GSM-900/1800 MHz (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3.249[7] (December 2012) Telia Company 24436
2 Elisa GSM-900/1800 MHz (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
2.900[32] (December 2012) Elisa 24405
3 DNA GSM-900/1800 MHz (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
2.412[34] (April 2013) Local former telephone companies like Finda, PHP Holding, Ilmarinen, Anvia, Lohjan Puhelin, Jakobstadsnejdens Telefon Ab, Karis telefon, and Vakka-Suomen Puhelin 24403
4 Ålcom
(Formerly ÅMT / Ålands Mobiltelefon)
GSM-900 MHz (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
1800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available Mariehamns Telefon, Ålands Telefonandelslag 24414
5 Ukko Mobile 450 MHz LTE Not Yet Available Ukkoverkot 24431

France[edit]

France has 75.5 million subscribers in total, or a 115.2% penetration rate (September 2015).[35]

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in France is ARCEP.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Orange
(Formerly Itineris)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
29 (T2 2016) Orange S.A. (80%), state-owned (20%) 20801
2 SFR GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
21.7 (T2 2016) Altice (80.4% for Altice and 19.6 free float)[36] 20810
3 Bouygues Telecom GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
12.4 (T2 2016) Bouygues Group (89.5%) 20820
4 Free Mobile 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+ (Roaming on Orange 2G/3G when needed)
1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
12.1 (T2 2016) IIliad S.A. 20815

Georgia[edit]

As of 2015, Georgia has 5.6 million subscribers in total.[37]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 MagtiCom GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE )
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+,
LTE
2.105 (December 2015)[38] ITC 28202
2 Geocell GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+,
LTE
2.032 (December 2015)[7] Fintur Holdings B.V. (subsidiary of Telia Company 58.55% and Turkcell 41.45%) 28201
3 Beeline GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS , EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+,
800 MHz LTE
1.433[39] (December 2012) VimpelCom (51%), GMC Group (49%) 28204
4 Silknet 850 MHz CDMA2000
EVDO Rev. A
0.028 Silk Road Group 28205

Germany[edit]

Germany has 114.124 million subscribers in total, or a 140% penetration rate[15] (December 2011). The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Germany is the Bundesnetzagentur (BNetzA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 O2
(Formerly Viag Interkom)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
42.577[25] (December 2014) Telefónica 26207
2 Telekom
(Formerly D1 DeTeMobil, T-Mobile)
GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
39.892[24] (September 2015) Deutsche Telekom 26201
3 Vodafone
(Formerly D2 Mannesmann)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
34.890[27] (December 2014) Vodafone 26202

Gibraltar[edit]

Gibraltar, the British overseas territory has 0.028 million subscribers in total, or a 92.12% penetration rate.[15] (December 2009)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 GIBTEL GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
0.022[citation needed] () Gibraltar Telecommunications Int. Ltd. 26601

Greece[edit]

Greece has 15.025 (4Q 2011) million subscribers in total, or a 139% penetration rate (4Q 2011[40]). The Regulatory Authority for telecommunications in Greece is EETT.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MVNO MCC / MNC
1 Cosmote GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
7.5[41] (1Q 2016) OTE (100%) NO 20201
2 Vodafone
(Formerly Panafon)
GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
5.732 (31,78%)[40] (4Q 2015) Vodafone (99.8%) NO 20205
3 Wind
(Formerly Telestet, TIM)
GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3.201 (20,60%) (including Q-telecom)[40] (4Q 2011) Largo Ltd (SSN Ad-Hoc Committee) (100%) NO 20209
4 CYTA GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
Not yet available CYTA using vodafone's network 20214

Greenland[edit]

Greenland has 0.053 million subscribers in total, or a 93.32% penetration rate.[15] (December 2009)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 TELE Greenland GSM-900
900 MHz UMTS
800 MHz LTE
0.01355 (2011)[42] TELE Greenland 29001

Guernsey[edit]

The British Crown dependency Guernsey has 0.055 million subscribers in total, or a 95% penetration rate.[citation needed] (December 2005)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Sure Mobile GSM-900
2100 MHz UMTS
Not yet available Batelco 23455
2 JT (Guernsey) Global GSM-1800
2100 MHz UMTS
Not yet available JT Global 23450
3 Airtel-Vodafone GSM-1800
2100 MHz UMTS
Not yet available Bharti Airtel 23403

Hungary[edit]

Hungary has 11.545 million subscribers in total, or a 116.9% penetration rate.[43] (March 2014)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Hungary is NMHH - Nemzeti Média-, és Hírközlési Hatóság.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telekom
(Formerly Westel, T-Mobile)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
5.394 (46.72% - March 2014) Deutsche Telekom (59.21%), Free Float (40.79%)[44] 21630
2 Telenor
(Formerly Pannon)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3.560 (30.84% - March 2014)
Telenor (100%)[45] 21601
3 Vodafone GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2600 MHz LTE
2.591 (22.44% - March 2014)
Vodafone (100%)[46] 21670
4 Digi.Mobil (planned) 1800 MHz LTE (under building) TBA RCS & RDS 21603

Iceland[edit]

Iceland has 0.349 million subscribers in total, or a 108.15% penetration rate.[15] (December 2009)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Iceland is PTA

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Síminn GSM-900/1800 MHz
900/2100 MHz UMTS
1800 MHz LTE
0.150[47] (December 2009) Siminn hf 27401
2 Vodafone GSM-900/1800 MHz
2100 MHz UMTS
800/1800 MHz LTE
0.104[47] (October 2010) Framtakssjóður Íslands. 27402
3 Nova 2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
0.054[47] (December 2009) Nova ehf. 27411
4 IceCell GSM-1800 MHz Not Yet Available IceCell ehf. 27407

Ireland[edit]

At the end of September 2013 Ireland had 5,614,744 mobile subscribers in total, representing a 122.2% penetration rate[48] (September 2013)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Ireland is the Commission for Communications Regulation (ComReg).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Vodafone
(Formerly Eircell)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2.3 (c. 38% - Nov 2015)
Vodafone 27201
2 3
•Includes the previous O2 network.
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
900/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
(roaming available on O2's former 2G/3G networks)
2.034 (c. 35% - Dec 2015) CK Hutchison Holdings 27202
3 Meteor GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE
1.091 (c. 19% - Dec 2015) Eir 27203

Isle of Man[edit]

The British Crown dependency Isle of Man has an unknown amount of subscribers in total and an unknown percentage penetration rate.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Manx Telecom GSM-900
2100 MHzUMTS
1800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available HgCapital / CPS Partners 23458
2 Sure Mobile GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
Not Yet Available Batelco 23436

Italy[edit]

Italy has 89.8 million subscribers in total, or a 152% penetration rate[49] (March 2016)

The country's telcom regulator is AGCOM. In 2016 H3G and Wind have agreed to complete a merger before the end of the year. The merge has been approved by European and national authorities. A new operator, Iliad, will enter the Italian market as a consequence of the merge.[50]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 TIM GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
30.8[49] (March 2016) Telecom Italia 22201
2 Vodafone
(Formerly Omnitel)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE[51])
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
28.9[49] (March 2016) Vodafone 22210
3 Wind GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/2600 MHz LTE
22.6[49] (March 2016) Wind Telecom/VimpelCom Ltd. 22288
4 3 900[52]/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800/2600 MHz LTE
Roaming on TIM's 2G network where 3 doesn't reach
10.4[49] (March 2016) CK Hutchison Holdings 22299

Jersey[edit]

The British Crown dependency Jersey has 0.088 million subscribers in total, or a 98% penetration rate.[citation needed] (December 2005)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 JT (Jersey) Global GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
Not Yet Available JT Global 23450
2 Sure Mobile GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
Not Yet Available Batelco 23455
3 Airtel-Vodafone GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
Not Yet Available Bharti Airtel 23403

Kosovo[edit]

Kosovo has 1.7 million subscribers in total, or a 97.6% penetration rate.[53] (January 2016)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Vala Mobile GSM-900/1800 MHz
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
1.075[54] (Oct 2014) Government of Kosovo (100%) 21201
2 IPKO Telecommunications LLC GSM-900/1800 MHz
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
0.5[55] (Oct 2013) Telekom Slovenije (100%) 29341

Latvia[edit]

Latvia has 2.243 million subscribers in total, or a 99.72% penetration rate.[15] (December 2009)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 LMT GSM-900/1800 MHz
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
1.075[56] (Oct 2012) Telia Company (49%), Lattelecom (23%) (100%: Telia Company - 49%, Government of Latvia - 51%), Government of Latvia (5%), Digital Latvian Radio and Television Centre (23%) 24701
2 Tele2 GSM-900/1800 MHz
2100 MHz UMTS
2600 MHz LTE
1.040[33] (March 2013) Tele2 24702
3 BITE Latvija GSM-900/1800 MHz
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
LTE
0.467[57] (Sep 2012) Providence Equity Partners 24705
4 Triatel CDMA2000[58] 24703

Liechtenstein[edit]

Liechtenstein has 0.039 million subscribers in total, or a 105% penetration rate.[15] (April 2015)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telecom Liechtenstein AG
(formerly Mobilkom Liechtenstein AG)
GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available Land Liechtenstein 75.1 %, Telekom Austria Group 24.9 % 29505
2 Salt (Liechtenstein) AG
(formerly Orange (Liechtenstein) AG)
GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
1800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available Salt Mobile AG 29502
3 Swisscom (Schweiz) AG GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
1800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available Swisscom (Schweiz) AG 29501

Lithuania[edit]

Lithuania has 4.941 million subscribers in total, or a 167% penetration rate (25 October 2013).[59]

The regulator is Ryšių Reguliavimo Tarnyba (RRT).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Omnitel GSM-900 MHz (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
1.69 (34.4% Oct 2013) Telia Company 24601
2 BITĖ GSM-900/1800 MHz (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
0.99 (20.1% Oct 2013) Providence Equity Partners 24602
3 Tele2 GSM-900/1800 MHz (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS
2600 MHz LTE
2.08 (42.1% Oct 2013) Tele2 24603
5 Lietuvos radijo ir televizijos centras (MEZON) 3500 MHz WiMAX
2300 MHz LTE
0.05 (0% Oct 2013) State-owned 24608

Luxembourg[edit]

Luxembourg has 719,000 subscribers in total, or a 148% penetration rate.[15] (December 2009)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 POST GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
0.250[citation needed] POST Luxembourg 27001
2 Tango GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.280[60] (December 2013) Proximus Group 27077
3 Orange GSM-1800 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.076[61] (September 2007) Orange S.A. 27099
4 LOL Mobile 2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA Not Yet Available Luxembourg Online

Macedonia[edit]

Macedonia has 2.299 million subscribers in total, or a 105% penetration rate.[62]

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Macedonia is AEK

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Vip GSM-900/1800 (GPRS)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE
1.154 (51,41% - Q1/2016)[62] Telekom Austria 55% , Telekom Slovenije 45% 29403
2 Telekom
(Formerly T-Mobile, MOBIMAK)
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
1.142 (48,59% - Q1/2016)[62] Magyar Telekom (59,21%)
(Subsidiary of Deutsche Telekom)
29401
MVNO- Lycamobile.mk use VIP network

Malta[edit]

Malta has 0.581 million subscribers in total, or a 137.18% penetration rate[63] (December 2013)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Vodafone Malta
(Formerly Telecell)
GSM-900 (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA
1800 MHz LTE
0.264[63] (December 2013) Vodafone 27801
2 GO GSM-1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
0.230[63] (December 2013) Dubai Holding (40%), Public (60%) 27821
3 Melita 2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA 0.076[63] (December 2013) GMT Communications Partners, MC Venture Partners, Gasan Group of Companies & Blackrock Communications Ltd. 27877

Moldova[edit]

Moldova has 4.263 million subscribers in total, or a 120% penetration rate[64] (2012).

The country's telecommunications regulator is ANRCETI.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Orange GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2.510[65] (2015) Orange S.A. (94.3%) 25901
2 Moldcell GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
1.492[65] (2015) Fintur Holdings B.V. (99%)1 25902
3 Unité 450 MHz CDMA2000, EVDO Rev. A
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.321[65] (2015) Moldtelecom 25905
4 Interdnestrcom operating in Transnistria region only 450/800 MHz CDMA2000, EVDO Rev. A
800 MHz LTE[66]
0.291[67] (2012) Sheriff 25903

1. Fintur Holdings B.V. owners are Telia Company 58.55% and Turkcell 41.45%

Monaco[edit]

Monaco has 0.023 million subscribers on the Monaco Telecom network, or a 70.1% penetration rate[15] (December 2009). The French networks are also widely available in Monaco, and they don't disclose subscriber figures for Monaco. http://www.monaco-telecom.mc/en/chiffres_cles.html

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Monaco Telecom GSM
2100 MHz UMTS
800/2600 MHz LTE
0.021 Cable and Wireless 49%, Société Nationale de Financement 45% 21201

Montenegro[edit]

Montenegro has 1.097.574 subscribers in total, or a 177,02% penetration rate (October 2013).[68]

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Montenegro is Agencija za elektronske komunikacije i poštansku djelatnost

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telenor
Formerly Promonte
GSM 900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
2600 MHz LTE
WiMAX
0.422 (38,47% - Oct/2013) Telenor (100%) 29701
2 Telekom
Formerly Monet
GSM 900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
1800/2600 MHz LTE
0.384 (35,02% - Oct/2013) Magyar Telekom (76.53%)
Public stock (23.47%)
29702
3 m:tel GSM 900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
WiMAX
0.290 (26,51% - Oct/2013) 51% Telekom Srbija, 49% Telekom Srpske 29703

Netherlands[edit]

The Netherlands has 21.182 million subscribers in total, or a 128% penetration rate[15] (December 2009).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 KPN
•Includes the previous Telfort network.
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
450 MHz CDMA (Smart meters)
7.6[69] (Q4 2012) KPN 20408
2 Vodafone
(Formerly Libertel)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
5.288[70] (May 2013) Vodafone 20404
3 T-Mobile
•Includes the previous Orange network.
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS , EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA , HSUPA, HSPA+
900/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3.686[24] (September 2015) Deutsche Telekom 20420
4 Tele2
800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
Roaming on T-Mobile's 2G/3G where needed
0.816[71](January 2015) Tele2 20402

The Telfort radio network was switched off in Q2 2007. The Orange network was sold in Q4 2007 to T-Mobile.

Norway[edit]

Norway has 5.336 million subscribers in total, or a 110.89% penetration rate[15] (December 2009). The regulatory authority for telecommunication in Norway is the Norwegian Post and Telecommunications Authority.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telenor GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3.170[72] (April 2013) Telenor 24201
2 Telia
(Formerly NetCom)
•Includes the previous Tele2 network.
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2.773[7]
(including Tele2) (April 2013)
Telia Company 24202
3 Ice.net 450/800/1800 MHz LTE
(LTE deployed in summer 2015 swapping 450 MHz CDMA[73])
Not Yet Available Access Industries 24206

Poland[edit]

Poland has 57,2 million subscribers in total[74] (2Q 2016).

The country's telcom regulator is the Office of Electronic Communications UKE - Urząd Komunikacji Elektronicznej.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Orange
(Formerly IDEA)
CDMA 450 MHz
GSM 900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
UMTS 900/2100 MHz (HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+)
(UMTS 900 MHz cooperating with T-Mobile)
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
(on 1800 MHz using T-Mobile frequencies)
16,696 (2Q 2016) Orange S.A. (50,67%), Bank Of New York and others 26003
2 Play E-GSM/GSM 900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
UMTS 900/2100 MHz (HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+)
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
(Roaming 2G/3G on Plus, Orange and T-Mobile network)
14,617 (2Q 2016) (Novator, Tollerton) 26006
3 Plus
(Formerly Plus GSM)
CDMA 420 MHz
GSM 900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
UMTS 900/2100 MHz (HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+)
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
11,971 (2Q 2016) [including Cyfrowy Polsat] Polkomtel (owned by Polkomtel sp. z o.o., Eileme 4 AB (publ) related to Metelem Holding Company Ltd.) 26001
4 T-Mobile
(Formerly Era)
GSM 900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
UMTS 900/2100 MHz (HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+)
(UMTS 900 MHz cooperating with Orange)
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
11,635 (2Q 2016)[24] Deutsche Telekom (100%) 26002

Portugal[edit]

Portugal has 16.7 million subscribers in total, or a 161.4% penetration rate (12.8 million active subscribers or 123.5% penetration rate).[75] (September 2015)

The country's telecom regulator is ANACOM.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 MEO
(Formerly TMN)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSDPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
7.766[75] (September 2015) Portugal Telecom 26806
2 Vodafone
(Formerly Telecel)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSDPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
5.144[75] (September 2015) Vodafone 26801
3 NOS
(Formerly Optimus)
GSM-900/1800, (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
3.524[75] (September 2015) NOS 26803

Romania[edit]

Romania has 22.9 million subscribers in total, or a 128.7% penetration rate. (December 2015)[76]

The country's telcom regulator is ANCOM.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership Mobile country code
1 Orange
(Formerly Dialog)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
9.846 (Q2 2016)[77] Orange S.A. 22610
2 Vodafone
(Formerly Connex)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
9.159 (Q2 2016)[78] Vodafone 22601
3 Telekom
(Formerly Cosmorom, Cosmote)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
(Roaming on Orange's 4G network where Telekom doesn't reach)
[79]
5.934 (Q1 2016)[24] OTE (70%), Romtelecom (30%) 22603
4 Digi.Mobil 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
(Roaming on Vodafone's 2G/3G network where Digi.Mobil doesn't reach)
2600 MHz TD-LTE
2.4 (1Q 2016)[80] RCS&RDS 22605

Russia[edit]

Russia has 247.9 million subscribers in total, or a 173,6% penetration rate.[15] (3Q 2015).[81]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership Mobile country code
1 MTS GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
76.89 (3Q 2015) Sistema (53.47%) 25001
2 MegaFon GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
73.90 (3Q 2015) Telia Company (25.17%), USM Group (56.32%) 25002
3 Beeline GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
58.97 (3Q 2015) VimpelCom (100%: Telenor (42.95%), Alfa Group (47,8517%), 9,1983% in minoritaries) 25099
4 Tele2 GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
CDMA2000 1x, 450 MHz
450 MHz LTE (as Skylink)
CDMA2000 EV-DO Rev. A, 450 MHz
NMT - 450i, 450 MHz[82]
35.5 (3Q 2015) Rostelecom (45%), VTB Capital (27,5%), Bank Rossiya (22%), Severstal (5,5%) 25020
5 Sotovaja Svjaz MOTIV GSM-1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
1800 MHz LTE
2.45 (3Q 2015) 25035
6 SMARTS GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE) 0.07 (3Q 2015) 25007
7 Tattelecom GSM-1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
1800 MHz LTE
25054
8 Vainahtelecom GSM-1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2300 MHz LTE
25022

San Marino[edit]

San Marino has 0.037 million subscribers in total, or a 116.95% penetration rate.[15] (December 2013)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 TMS GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0.019[83] (February 2012) Telefonia Mobile Sammarinese
2 TIM San Marino GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
Not Yet Available Telecom Italia San Marino
3 Prima GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
Not Yet Available San Marino Telecom 29201

Serbia[edit]

Serbia has 9.1987 million subscribers based on the 3-month customer activity, or a 128.09% penetration rate (excluding Kosovo).[84] (December 2013)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Serbia is RATEL (Republicka agencija za elektronske komunikacije)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
Percent of total market
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 mts
900/1800 MHz - 2G (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz - 3G (DC-HSPA+)
800/1800 MHz - 4G (LTE, LTE-A)
40% (January 2016) Telekom Srbija (100%) 22003
2 Telenor
900/1800 MHz - 2G (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz - 3G (DC-HSPA+)
800/1800 MHz - 4G (LTE, LTE-A)
35% (January 2016) Telenor Group (100%) 22001
3 vip
900/1800 MHz - 2G (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz - 3G (DC-HSPA+)
800/1800 MHz - 4G (LTE, LTE-A)
25% (January 2016) Telekom Austria (100%) 22005

Slovakia[edit]

Slovakia has 6.68million subscribers in total, or a 122.79% penetration rate. All facts are based on the 3-month customer activity base[85] (June 2015)

The Regulatory Authority for electronic communications "telecommunication" in Slovakia is Úrad pre reguláciu elektronických komunikácií a poštových služieb (RÚ)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Orange
(Formerly Globtel)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2.896[85] (April 2016) Orange S.A. (100%) 23101
2 Telekom
(Formerly Eurotel, T-Mobile)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2.231[24] (April 2016) Deutsche Telekom (100%) 23102
3 O2 900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE) (Roaming on Slovak Telekom when needed)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/1800 MHz LTE
1.82[86] (April 2016) O2 Czech Republic (100%) 23106
4 4ka 900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE) (Roaming on Slovak Telekom when needed)
1800 MHz LTE
0.200[87] (June 2016) Swan 23103

Slovenia[edit]

Slovenia has 2,340,790 subscribers in total, or a 113.4% penetration rate. [1] (June 2016)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Slovenia is AKOS (Agencija za komunikacijska omrežja in storitve)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telekom Slovenije
(formerly Mobitel)
GSM 900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz: UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
900/800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
1.197 (51.1% - Jun 2016)
Including Debitel, Izimobil, Spar Mobil
Telekom Slovenije 29341
2 Si.mobil GSM 900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz: UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
0.719 (30.7% - Jun 2016)
Including AmisMobil, Bob, MMobil
Telekom Austria 29340
3 Telemach
(formerly Tušmobil)
GSM 1800 (GPRS, EDGE) (Roaming on Telekom Slovenije (2G/3G) when needed)
900/2100 MHz: UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE
0.345 (14.7% - Jun 2016) KKR 29370
4 T-2 2100 MHz: UMTS, HSPA (Roaming on Telekom Slovenije (2G/3G/LTE) when needed) 0.085 (3.6% - Jun 2016)
Including Teleing
Gratel (87%) 29364

Spain[edit]

Spain has 50.806 million subscribers in total, or a 109.44% penetration rate.[88] The Spanish MVNO has 8.061 million suscribers, (30 September 2014), with operators such as Lycamobile and pepephone.

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Spain is CNMC (Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Movistar 900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
16.060[89] (27 October 2015) Telefónica 21407
2 Vodafone
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
11.431 includes Ono[90] (27 October 2015) Vodafone 21401
3 Orange
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
11,546 includes Jazztel[91] (27 October 2015) Orange 21403
4 Yoigo 1800 MHz GSM (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
(Roams on Movistar where there is no Yoigo coverage)
1800 MHz LTE
3.402 (30 October 2015)[92] Masmovil 21404

Sweden[edit]

Sweden has 14.244 million subscribers in total, or a 148.4% penetration rate[15] (2013)

The country's telcom regulator is PTS.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telia GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
6.071[93] (April 2016) Telia Company 24001
2 Tele2
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/900/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
(Shared network with Telenor via Net4Mobility)
3.700[94] (April 2016) Tele2 24007
3 Telenor
(Formerly Vodafone)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/900/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
(Shared network with Tele2 via Net4Mobility)
2.551 (April 2016) Telenor 24006
4 Three 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/2600 MHz FD-LTE, 2600 MHz TD-LTE
2.048[95] (April 2016) CK Hutchison Holdings (60%), Investor AB (40%) 24002

Switzerland[edit]

Switzerland has 11.365[96] million mobile subscribers and a 138% penetration rate[97] (December 2014)
The country's telecom regulator is BAKOM.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Swisscom GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
6.623[98] (30 June 2016)
Including Lycamobile, Mucho, M-Budget Mobile
Partially State-owned (51%) Swisscom 22801
2 Sunrise GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2.491[99] (31 December 2013) CVC Capital Partners[100] 22802
3 Salt
(Formerly Orange)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2.141[101] (Q3 2014) Iliad/NJJ Capital[102] 22803

Ukraine[edit]

Ukraine has 60.720 million subscribers in total, or a 142% penetration rate.[103] (December 2015)

The country's telecom regulator is NKRZ.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Kyivstar
(Formerly Kyivstar GSM)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
25.4 (4Q 2015) Vimpelcom (100%) 25503
2 Vodafone
(Formerly MTS Ukraine)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
450 MHz CDMA2000, CDMA2000 EV-DO
20.4 (4Q 2015) Mobile TeleSystems (100%) 25501
3 lifecell
(Formerly life:))
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
10.6 (4Q 2015) Turkcell (100%) 25506
4 Intertelecom 800 MHz CDMA2000, CDMA2000 EV-DO rel.0, rev. A, rev. B 1.204 (4Q 2012) Odinaco Ltd (49%), Victor Gushan (35.7%) 25504
5 TriMob 2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA (Roaming on Vodafone network) 1.009 (4Q 2012) Ukrtelecom (100%) 25507
6 PEOPLEnet 800 MHz CDMA2000, CDMA2000 EV-DO
0.853 (4Q 2012) Telesystemy Ukrainy (100%) 25521

United Kingdom[edit]

The United Kingdom has 89.9 million subscribers in total, or an approximate 139% penetration rate.[104] (31 December 2014)

The country's telecom regulator is Ofcom.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 EE GSM-1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
30.4[105] (April 2016) BT Group 23434
2 O2 GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
25.2[106] (July 2016) Telefónica 23410
3 Vodafone GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
17.97[107] (June 2016) Vodafone 23415
4 3 2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE
10.8[108] (Jun 2016) CK Hutchison Holdings 23420

See also[edit]

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Notes:

a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognised as an independent state by 109 out of 193 United Nations member states.

External links[edit]