List of mobile network operators of Europe

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Mobile phone penetration in Europe based on available data between 2009 and 2012:
  > 140%
  120–140%
  100–120%
  < 100%
  No data

A mobile network operator or MNO (also known as a wireless service provider, wireless carrier, cellular company, or mobile network carrier) is a provider of wireless communications services. The main MNOs in Europe are listed below.

Albania[edit]

Albania as per Q1 2019 has 3.66 million subscribers, out of which there are 2.5 million active users (101% penetration rate). An active user is the number of users that communicated in the last three months.[1]

The regulatory authority for telecommunication in Albania is the Electronic and Postal Communications Authority.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in Millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Vodafone GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A, LTE-A Pro

3600 MHz/3700 MHz

5G NR testing

1.548 (Q1 2021) Vodafone[2] 27602
2 Telekom
(Formerly AMC)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
1.122 (Q3 2019) Albania Telecom Invest AD 27601
3 ALBtelecom
(Formerly Eagle MOBILE)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
0.585 (Q3 2019) ALBtelecom 27603

Andorra[edit]

Andorra has 81.700 mobile subscribers[3] or about 107.25% mobile penetration.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Andorra Telecom
(Formerly Servei de Telecomunicacions d'Andorra)
900/1800 MHz GPRS
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/1800 MHz LTE
0.082[4] (2019) Government of Andorra[5] 21303

Armenia[edit]

As of 2017, Armenia has 3.5 million subscribers in total, and a 120% penetration rate.[6]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Viva MTS GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
UMTS-900/2100 MHz (Band: B1/B8) (UMTS, HSDPA)
LTE-LTE-A -1800/2600 MHz (Band: B3/B7) (LTE)
2.1 (November 2019) MTS
2 Beeline GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
UMTS-900/2100 MHz (Band: B1/B8) (UMTS, HSDPA)

LTE-LTE-A (900 MHz, 1800 MHz)

1.0 (November 2017) VEON
3 Ucom GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
UMTS-900/2100 MHz (Band: B1/B8) UMTS, HSDPA
LTE-LTE-A -1800/2600 MHz (Band: B3/B7) (LTE)
0.933 (December 2017) Ucom

Austria[edit]

Austria has 13,0 million assigned numbers (i.e. 2,0 2G, 10,8 3G and 0,1 4G SIM cards), or a 151.0% penetration rate (4Q 2014[7]).

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Austria is the Austrian Regulatory Authority for Broadcasting and Telecommunications (RTR).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 A1 GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
VoWiFi
3500 MHz 5G NR
5.004 (including yesss!)[8] (2Q 2020) A1 Telekom Austria Group (América Móvil (51%), ÖBAG (28,42%), free shareholders (20,58%)) 23201
2 Magenta Telekom
(Formerly T-Mobile, max.mobil.)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ (roams on 3's UMTS network where no UMTS)
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
VoWiFi
4.998 (including tele.ring)[9] (1Q 2020) Deutsche Telekom AG 23203
3 3 (Drei)
•Includes the previous Orange network.
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
(roams on Magenta Telekom's GSM network when needed)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
VoWiFi
3.697[10] (March 2020) CK Hutchison Holdings 23205

Azerbaijan[edit]

In December 2005, Azerbaijan had 2 million subscribers in total, a 25% penetration rate.[citation needed] In 2014, Azerbaijan has over 10 million subscribers in total and 130% penetration rate.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Azercell GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
4.417[11] (April 2013) AzInTelecom (state-owned company) 40001
2 Bakcell GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE[12]
3.4 NEQSOL Holding 40002
3 Nar GSM 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
2.1 (March 2014) Azerfon LLC 40004
4 Nakhtel GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
CDMA 800
  Nakhtel LLC 40006

Belarus[edit]

Belarus has 12.0 million subscribers in total, or a 126% penetration rate. (Q1 2020)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Belarus is the Ministry of Communications and Informatization.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 MTS GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
5.7 (Q1 2020) Beltelecom (51%), MTS (49%) 25702
2 A1 (formerly velcom) GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, DC-HSPA+

1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A

4.864[13] (Q2 2020) A1 Telekom Austria Group 25701
3 Life:) GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
1.5 (Q1 2020) Turkcell (80%), Belarusian Government (20%) 25704

Belgium[edit]

Belgium has 13.89 million subscribers in total, or a 124% penetration rate[14] (Q4 2014).

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Belgium is the Belgian Institute for Postal services and Telecommunications (BIPT).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Proximus GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
5.75[15] (Q4 2017) Proximus 20601
2 Orange
(formerly Mobistar, OBE)
GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
VoWiFi
3.85[16] (Q4 2017) Orange S.A. (54%) 20610
3 BASE
GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
2.8[17] (Q4 2017) Telenet 20620

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

In December 2016, Bosnia and Herzegovina had 3.404 million subscribers in total,[18] or a 97% penetration rate (compared to the World Bank population estimate of 2016[19]).

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Bosnia and Herzegovina is the Communications Regulatory Agency (Regulatorna agencija za komunikacije, RAK).[20]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
in million
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 BH Telecom GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA+, HSPA
1800 MHz LTE
1.491 (Dec 2012) BH Telecom 21890
2 m:tel GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, HSDPA, HSDPA+, DC-HSPA, DC-HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A, LTE-A Pro
1.414 (Dec 2012) Telekom Srbija 21805
3 HT Eronet GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, HSDPA, HSDPA+, DC-HSPA, DC-HSPA+, DC-HSUPA, DC-HSDPA, HSUPA
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A, LTE-A Pro
0.445 (Dec 2012) Hrvatski Telekom 21803

Bulgaria[edit]

Bulgaria has 8 134 581 subscribers in total, or a 117 % penetration rate according to the CRC annual report for 2019.[21]

The Regulatory Authority for Telecommunication in Bulgaria is the Communications Regulation Commission (CRC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers Coverage Ownership MCC / MNC
1 A1
(Formerly Mtel, Mobiltel)
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A (The additional spectrum on 2100 and 2600 MHz is for temporary usage)
3500 MHz 5G NR (For trials; shared with Telenor and Vivacom)
3 758 500[22] (Q2 2020) Link A1 Telekom Austria Group (100%) 28401
2 Vivacom
(Formerly Vivatel)
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A (The additional spectrum on 2100 and 2600 MHz is for temporary usage)
VoLTE
VoWiFi
3500 MHz 5G NR (For trials; shared with A1 and Telenor)
3 071 000[23] (2018) Link Bulgarian Telecommunications Company EAD (a subsidiary of United Group) (100%) 28403
3 Telenor
(Formerly Globul)
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A (The additional spectrum on 2100 and 2600 MHz is for temporary usage)
VoLTE
3500 MHz 5G NR (For trials; shared with A1 and Vivacom)
3 006 000[24] (2019) Link PPF (100%) 28405

Croatia[edit]

Croatia has 4,404,652 subscribers in total, or a 102,8% penetration rate. (4Q 2019)[25]

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Croatia is the Hrvatska agencija za poštu i elektronicke komunikacije (website available in Croatian and English language).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telekom
(Formerly T-Mobile, HTmobile)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A, LTE-A Pro
VoLTE
VoWiFi
2.232 (46% - 2Q 2020)
(Including Bonbon)
Deutsche Telekom AG (51%) 21901
2 A1
(Formerly Vip, Vipnet)
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A, LTE-A Pro
VoLTE
1.872 (35% – 2Q 2020)
(Including Tomato)
A1 Telekom Austria Group 21910
3 Tele2 GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
(Roaming on Telekom Croatia when needed)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
0.837 (19% – 4Q 2019) The United Group 21902

Cyprus[edit]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 epic
(Formerly MTN)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
0.399[27] (March 2014) Monaco Telecom 28010
2 Cytamobile-Vodafone GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
0.296[28] (December 2012) Cyprus Telecommunications Authority (CYTA) 28001
3 PrimeTel 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
900/1800 MHz LTE
(2G/3G roaming on epic when needed)
0.115 (November 2019) PrimeTel PLC 28020

Czech Republic[edit]

The Czech Republic has 16.121 million subscribers in total, or a 151% penetration rate (December 2019).[29]

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in the Czech Republic is the Český telekomunikační úřad.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 T-Mobile
(Formerly Paegas)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
VoWiFi
6.265 (4Q 2019)[30] Deutsche Telekom AG 23001
2 O2
(Formerly Eurotel, Český Telecom)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
CDMA EV-DO
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
VoWiFi
5.858 (4Q 2019)[31][32] PPF N.V. 23002
3 Vodafone
(Formerly Oskar)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
VoWiFi
3.907[2] (July 2020) Vodafone Group plc 23003

Denmark[edit]

Denmark has 8.208 million subscribers in total, or a 146% penetration rate[33] (June 2014). The regulator is the Danish Business Authority.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 TDC GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
800/2600 MHz[34] LTE
VoLTE
3.124[35] (June 2014) TDC 23801
2 Telenor
(Formerly Sonofon)
900/1800 GSM, (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100 MHz LTE
VoLTE

(Shares network with Telia)

1.654[36] (July 2018) Telenor 23802
3 Telia 900/1800 GSM, (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE
VoLTE

(Shares network with Telenor)

1.472[35] (June 2014) Telia Company 23820
4 3 (Tre) 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE
VoLTE
(Roams on TDC's GSM / UMTS / LTE network where 3 does not reach)
1.423[35] (June 2018) CK Hutchison Holdings (60%), Investor AB (40%) 23806

Estonia[edit]

Estonia has 2.524 million subscribers in total, or a 188% penetration rate.[37] (December 2008)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telia

(Formerly EMT)

GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
VoLTE
1.080[38] (July 2020) Telia Company 24801
2 Elisa
(Formerly Radiolinja)
GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE
0.658[39] (July 2020) Elisa 24802
3 Tele2

(Formerly Q-GSM)

GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
800/1800/2100 MHz LTE
0.428[40] (April 2013) Tele2 24803

Faroe Islands[edit]

The Faroe Islands have 0.061 million subscribers in total (exact number 61,388), or a 126% penetration rate (population 48,652).[21] (December 2014)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Føroya Tele GSM-900
900/2100 MHz UMTS
1800 MHz LTE
0.044 (71%) Government of Faroe Islands 28801
2 Hey
(Formerly Vodafone, Kall)
GSM-900
2100 MHz UMTS
1800 MHz LTE
0.018 (29%) Nema 28802
3 Tosa GSM-900
2100 MHz UMTS
1800 MHz LTE
0.0 (0%) TOSA 28803


Finland[edit]

Finland has 7.700 million subscribers in total, or a 144.59% penetration rate.[21] (December 2009). See also the Finnish Communications Regulatory Authority (FICORA) at Etusivu

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Elisa
(Formerly Radiolinja)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
4.090[41] (July 2020) Elisa 24405
24406
24421
2 Telia
(Formerly Telecom Finland, Sonera)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
3.167[38] (July 2020) Telia Company 24420
24436(SYV[3])
24491
3 DNA GSM-900/1800 MHz (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
700/800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
VoWiFi
2.676[42] (April 2013) Telenor[43] 24403
24404
24412
24413
24436(SYV[4])
4 Ålcom
(Formerly ÅMT / Ålands Mobiltelefon)
GSM-900 MHz (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
Not Yet Available Mariehamns Telefon, Ålands Telefonandelslag 24414

France[edit]

France has 75.5 million subscribers in total, or a 115.2% penetration rate (September 2015).[44]

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in France is ARCEP.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Orange
(Formerly Itineris)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
VoWiFi
34.342 (Q2 2020)[45] Orange S.A. 20801
2 Bouygues Telecom 900 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
700/800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
VoWiFi
18.010 (Q1 2020)[46] Bouygues Group (89.5%) 20820
3 SFR 900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
VoWiFi
15.852 (Q4 2019)[47] Altice (80.4% for Altice and 19.6 free float)[48] 20810
4 Free Mobile 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+ (Roaming on Orange 2G/3G when needed, limited to 384 kbit/s download, 384 kbit/s upload)
700/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
13.326 (Q1 2020)[49] Iliad S.A. 20815

Georgia[edit]

As of 2015, Georgia has 5.6 million subscribers in total.[50][51]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 MagtiCom GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE )
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE
VoLTE
2.639 (December 2017) ITC 28202
2 Silknet
(Formerly Geocell)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+, CDMA2000, EVDO Rev. A
2300 MHz TD-LTE
1800 MHz LTE
2.080 (December 2017) Silk Road Group 28201
3 Beeline GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS , EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800 MHz LTE
0,946 (December 2017) VEON (51%), GMC Group (49%) 28204

Germany[edit]

Germany has 114.1 million subscribers in total, or a 140% penetration rate[21] (December 2011). The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Germany is the Bundesnetzagentur (BNetzA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telekom
(Formerly D1 DeTeMobil, T-Mobile)
900/1800 MHz GSM (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1500/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
VoWiFi
2100/3600 MHz 5G NR
46.960[30] (Q1 2020) Deutsche Telekom AG 26201
2 O2
(Formerly VIAG Interkom)
• Includes the previous E-Plus network.
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
VoWiFi
43.517[31] (Q2 2020) Telefónica S.A. (69.2%) 26203
3 Vodafone
(Formerly D2 Mannesmann)
900 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ (Available till 30.06.2021)
700/800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
VoWiFi
3600 MHz 5G NR
30.198[2] (Q1 2020) Vodafone Group plc 26202

Gibraltar[edit]

Gibraltar, the British overseas territory has 0.028 million subscribers in total, or a 92.12% penetration rate.[21] (December 2009)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Gibtelecom GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
0.022[citation needed] Government of Gibraltar 26601

Greece[edit]

Greece has 16.443 (3Q 2016) million subscribers in total, or a 140% penetration rate (3Q 2016[52]). The Regulatory Authority for telecommunications in Greece is EETT.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 COSMOTE GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A VoLTE WIFI Calling
7.4[53](February

2020)

OTE 20201, 20202
2 Vodafone
(Formerly Panafon)
GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, DC-HSPA+*
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A, VoLTE WIFI Calling
* available till 31.12.2022
4.343[2] (July 2020) Vodafone (99.8%) 20205 (Vodafone), 20214 (Cyta)
3 WIND
(Formerly Telestet, TIM)
•Includes the previous Q-Telecom network.
GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
2100/900 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3.074[52] (3Q 2016) Golden Tree Asset Management L.P. (59,30%), Cyrus Capital Partners (35,60%) 20209 (Q-Telecom), 20210 (WIND)

Guernsey[edit]

The British Crown dependency Guernsey has 0.055 million subscribers in total, or a 95% penetration rate.[citation needed] (December 2005)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Sure Mobile GSM-900
2100 MHz UMTS
LTE
Not yet available Batelco 23455
2 JT (Guernsey) Global GSM-1800
2100 MHz UMTS
Not yet available JT Global 23450
3 Airtel-Vodafone GSM-1800
2100 MHz UMTS
Not yet available Bharti Airtel 23403

Hungary[edit]

Hungary has 11.8 million subscribers in total.[54] (December 2017)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Hungary is NMHH – Nemzeti Média-, és Hírközlési Hatóság.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telekom
(Formerly Westel, T-Mobile)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
VoWiFi

(LTE 800 MHz is in cooperating with Telenor)
3600 MHz 5G NR

5.378 (Q1 2020) Deutsche Telekom (59.21%), Free Float (40.79%)[55] 21630
2 Vodafone GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3500 MHz 5G NR
3.122[2] (July 2020)

Including UPC Mobile

Vodafone[56] 21670
3 Telenor
(Formerly Pannon)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE

(LTE 800 MHz is in cooperating with Telekom)

3.030
PPF 21601
4 DIGI Mobil GSM-1800
1800 MHz LTE
VoLTE
3600 MHz TD-LTE
3500 MHz 5G NR (Seldom used, some cells in Budapest)
Launched on May 27, 2019. RCS & RDS 21603

Iceland[edit]

Iceland has 0.470 million subscribers in total, or a 129.19% penetration rate.[21] (July 2019)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Iceland is Póst- og fjarskiptastofnun.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Síminn
(formerly Landssíminn)
GSM-900/1800 MHz
900/2100 MHz UMTS
700/1800/2600 MHz LTE
0.173[57] (July 2019) Síminn 27401
2 Nova 2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
VoLTE
0.155[57] (July 2019) Nova 27411
3 Vodafone
(formerly Og Vodafone, Íslandssími)
GSM-900/1800 MHz
2100 MHz UMTS
800/1800 MHz LTE
0.130[57] (July 2019) Sýn 27402

Ireland[edit]

At the beginning of January 2020 Ireland had 6,652,587 mobile subscribers in total, representing a 134.4% penetration rate[58] (January 2020)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Ireland is the Commission for Communications Regulation (ComReg).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Vodafone
(Formerly Eircell)
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, TD-LTE
3500 MHz 5G NR
2.014[2] (July 2020)
Vodafone 27201
2 3 (Three)
(Includes the previous O2 network)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)

900/2100/ MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A

2.348 (January 2020) CK Hutchison Holdings 27205 (Three) 27202 (O2)
3 Eir

(Formerly Meteor)

GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A

5G NR 3500 MHz

1.138 (January 2020) Iliad (31,6%),

NJJ (32,9%)[59]

27203

Isle of Man[edit]

The British Crown dependency Isle of Man has an unknown amount of subscribers in total and an unknown percentage penetration rate.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Manx Telecom GSM-900
2100 MHzUMTS
800/1800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available Freefloat (AIM-listed) 23458
2 Sure Mobile GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
Not Yet Available Batelco 23436

Italy[edit]

As of January 2020, Italy has 104.10 million subscribers in total, or a 172% penetration rate.[60] The country's telecom regulator is AGCOM.

In 2016 Wind Italy and 3 Italy (Tre) have agreed to complete a merger that has been approved by European and national authorities and, since March 2020, all consumer and business offers are sold under the new brand "WINDTRE". A new operator, Iliad, entered the Italian market in May 2018 as a consequence of this merger.[61]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 WINDTRE 900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
27.655[60] (September 2018) CK Hutchison Holdings
22288 and 22299
2 TIM 900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1500/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
3700 MHz 5G NR (Only in Rome and Turin)
23.324[60] (September 2018) Vivendi (24%) 22201
3 Vodafone
(Formerly Omnitel)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE[62])
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
3700 MHz 5G NR (Only in some areas of Bologna, Milan, Naples, Rome and Turin)
19.017[60][2] (July 2020) Vodafone 22210
4 Iliad 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
(Roaming on Wind Tre when needed)
5.806[63] (March 2020) Iliad 22250

Jersey[edit]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 JT (Jersey) Global GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available JT Global 23450
2 Sure Mobile GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
Not Yet Available Batelco 23455
3 Airtel-Vodafone GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
Not Yet Available Bharti Airtel 23403

Kosovo[edit]

Kosovo has 1.88 million subscribers in total, or a 103.47% penetration rate.[64] (June 2018)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in %)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Vala GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
51.95%[65] (Q2 2018) Government of Kosovo 22101
2 IPKO Telecommunications LLC GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
36.07%[66] (Q2 2018) Telekom Slovenije 22102
4 mts GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
1.65%[67] (Q2 2018) Telekom Srbija 22103

Latvia[edit]

Latvia has 2.243 million subscribers in total, or a 99.72% penetration rate.[21] (December 2009)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 LMT GSM-900/1800 MHz
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
1.289[68] (July 2020) Republic of Latvia and related (51%), Telia (49%) 24701
2 Tele2 GSM-900/1800 MHz
2100 MHz UMTS
2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
0.942[40] (July 2020) Tele2 24702
3 Bite GSM-900/1800 MHz
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
LTE, LTE-A
0.467[69] (September 2012) Providence Equity Partners 24705
4 Triatel CDMA2000[70] 24703

Liechtenstein[edit]

Liechtenstein has 0.039 million subscribers in total, or a 105% penetration rate.[21] (April 2015)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 FL1 [de]
(formerly Mobilkom Liechtenstein AG)
GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available State-owned (100%) 29505
2 7acht
(formerly Orange FL)
GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
1800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available Salt Mobile SA 29502
3 Swisscom FL GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS
900/1800/2100 MHz LTE
VoLTE
Not Yet Available Swisscom 29501

The Liechtenstein mobile phone system is attached to Switzerland, customers of this three providers can roam on Swiss networks without additional fees.

Lithuania[edit]

Lithuania has 4.941 million subscribers in total, or a 167% penetration rate (25 October 2013).[71]

The regulator is Ryšių Reguliavimo Tarnyba (RRT).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telia (Formerly Omnitel) GSM-900 MHz (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
1.354 (July 2020) Telia Company 24601
2 Bite GSM-900/1800 MHz (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
0.99 (20.1% Oct 2013) Providence Equity Partners 24602
3 Tele2 GSM-900/1800 MHz (EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS
2600 MHz LTE
1.853 (July 2020) Tele2 24603
4 Lietuvos radijo ir televizijos centras (MEZON) 3500 MHz WiMAX
2300 MHz LTE
0.05 (0% Oct 2013) State-owned 24608

Luxembourg[edit]

Luxembourg has 719,000 subscribers in total, or a 148% penetration rate.[21] (December 2009)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 POST GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
0.250[citation needed] POST Luxembourg 27001
2 Tango GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
VoLTE
0.280[72] (December 2013) Proximus Group 27077
3 Orange GSM-1800 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.076[73] (September 2007) Orange S.A. 27099
4 LOL Mobile 2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA Not Yet Available Luxembourg Online

Malta[edit]

Malta has 0.581 million subscribers in total, or a 137.18% penetration rate[74] (December 2013)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Vodafone
(Formerly Telecell)
GSM 900/1800 MHz (GPRS)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A, LTE-A Pro
0.302[2] (February 2020) Monaco Telecom 27801
2 GO
(Formerly MALTACOM)
GSM 900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A, LTE-A Pro
0.230[74] (December 2013) Dubai Holding (40%), Public (60%) 27821
3 Melita 2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A Pro
0.076[74] (December 2013) Apax France. 27877

Moldova[edit]

Moldova has 4.263 million subscribers in total, or a 120% penetration rate[75] (2012).

The country's telecommunications regulator is ANRCETI.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Orange GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A, VoLTE
1.953[76] (2015) Orange S.A. (94.3%) 25901
2 Moldcell GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
1.492[76] (2015) CG Corp Global[77] 25902
3 Unité 450 MHz CDMA2000, EVDO Rev. A
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
0.321[76] (2015) Moldtelecom 25903,25905,25999
4 Interdnestrcom operating in Transnistria region only 450/800 MHz CDMA2000, EVDO Rev. A
800 MHz LTE[78]
0.291[79] (2012) Sheriff 25906

Monaco[edit]

Monaco has 0.023 million subscribers on the Monaco Telecom network, or a 70.1% penetration rate[21] (December 2009). The French networks are also widely available in Monaco, and they don't disclose subscriber figures for Monaco.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Monaco Telecom 1800 MHz GSM
900/2100 MHz UMTS
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
0.021 NJJ Capital/Xavier Niel 55%, Société Nationale de Financement 45% 21201

Montenegro[edit]

Montenegro has 1.097.574 subscribers in total, or a 177.02% penetration rate (October 2013).[80]

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Montenegro is Agencija za elektronske komunikacije i poštansku djelatnost.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telenor
(Formerly Promonte)
GSM 900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
2600 MHz LTE
WiMAX
0.422 (38.47% – Oct/2013) PPF (100%) 29701
2 Telekom
(Formerly Monet)
GSM 900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
0.353 (35.02% – Oct/2013) Hrvatski Telekom (76.53%)
Public stock (23.47%)
29702
3 m:tel GSM 900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.290 (26.51% – Oct/2013) 51% Telekom Srbija, 49% Telekom Srpske 29703

Netherlands[edit]

The Netherlands has 21.182 million subscribers in total, or a 128% penetration rate[21] (December 2009).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 T-Mobile
•Includes the previous Tele2 and Orange networks.
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS , EDGE)
(2G to be discontinued as of 15 November 2020)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA , HSUPA, HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2600 MHz TD-LTE
VoLTE, VoWiFi, AML
5.686[81] (1Q 2020) Deutsche Telekom (75%)
Tele2 (25%)
20416 and 20402
2 Vodafone
(Formerly Libertel)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE, VoWiFi, AML
1800 MHz 5G NR (Dynamic Spectrum Sharing)
5.102[82][2] (July 2020) Vodafone (50%)
Liberty Global (50%)
20404
3 KPN
•Includes the previous Telfort network.
900 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
(3G to be discontinued as of January 2022)
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2600 MHz TD-LTE
VoLTE, VoWiFi, AML
450 MHz CDMA (Smart meters)
4.618[83] (1Q 2020) Koninklijke KPN N.V. 20408

North Macedonia[edit]

North Macedonia has 2.299 million subscribers in total, or a 105% penetration rate.[84]

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in North Macedonia is AEK.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 A1
(Formerly one.Vip)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
1.051 (51.41% – Q1/2016)[84] A1 Telekom Austria Group (100%) 29403
2 Telekom
(Formerly T-Mobile, MOBIMAK)
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A
1.142 (48.59% – Q1/2016)[84] Magyar Telekom (59.21%)
(Subsidiary of Deutsche Telekom)
29401

Norway[edit]

Norway has 5.730 million subscribers in total, or a 108.97% penetration rate[21] (December 2016).

The regulatory authority for telecommunication in Norway is the Norwegian Post and Telecommunications Authority.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telenor GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
VoWiFi
2.831[85] (May 2020) Telenor 24201
2 Telia
(Formerly NetCom)
•Includes the previous Tele2 network.
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
2.265[38] (July 2020)
Telia Company 24202
3 Ice

(Formerly Ice.net)

450/800/900/1800 MHz LTE
(LTE deployed in summer 2015 swapping 450 MHz CDMA[86])
0.337[87] (December 2016) Access Industries 24214, 24206

Poland[edit]

Poland has 53,3 million subscribers in total[88] (4Q 2017).

The country's telcom regulator is the Office of Electronic Communications UKE – Urząd Komunikacji Elektronicznej.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Orange
(Formerly IDEA)
GSM 900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
UMTS 900/2100 MHz (HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+)
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2100 MHz 5G NR
VoLTE
VoWiFi
15.487 (2Q 2020) Orange S.A. (50.67%), Bank of New York and others 26003
2 Play E-GSM/GSM 900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
UMTS 900/2100 MHz (HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+)
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2100 MHz 5G NR
VoLTE
VoWiFi (for supported iOS/Android devices)
(Roaming 2G/3G/LTE on Orange Poland* network and 2G/3G on T-Mobile Poland** network. Limited to 3 Mbit/s download, 1 Mbit/s upload).
* till 06.2021, on some areas already inactive
** till 12.2021, on some areas already inactive
15.197 (1Q 2020) (Novator, Tollerton) 26006
3 Plus
(Formerly Plus GSM)
CDMA 420 MHz
GSM 900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
UMTS 900/2100 MHz (HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+)
900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2600 MHz TD-LTE
2600 MHz 5G NR TD
12.271 (1Q 2020) Polkomtel (owned by Polkomtel sp. z o.o., Eileme 4 AB (publ) related to Metelem Holding Company Ltd.) 26001
4 T-Mobile
(Formerly Era)
GSM 900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
UMTS 900/2100 MHz (HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+)
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2100 MHz 5G NR
VoLTE
VoWiFi
10.982 (1Q 2020) Deutsche Telekom AG 26002

Portugal[edit]

Portugal has 17.6 million subscribers in total, or a 170.5% penetration rate (13.1 million active subscribers or 127.4% penetration rate).[89] (Q3 2017)

The country's telecom regulator is ANACOM.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 MEO
(Formerly TMN)
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
6.411[90] (Q4 2019) Altice 26806
2 NOS
(Formerly Optimus)
GSM-900/1800, (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE
4.870[91] (Q2 2020) NOS 26803
3 Vodafone
(Formerly Telecel)
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2600 MHz TD-LTE
VoLTE
4.571[2][2] (July 2020) Vodafone 26801

Romania[edit]

Romania has 31.08 million subscribers in total, or a 149.16% penetration rate. (Q4 2019)[92] The country's telcom regulator is ANCOM.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Orange
(Formerly Dialog)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
VoWiFi
3500 MHz 5G NR
9.327 (Q2 2020)[93] Orange S.A. 22610
2 Vodafone
(Formerly Connex)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2600 MHz TD-LTE
ViLTE
VoLTE
VoWiFi
3500 MHz 5G NR
9.038 (Q1/FY 2021) Vodafone 22601
3 Telekom
(Formerly Cosmorom, Cosmote)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100 MHz LTE
3.9 (Q1 2020)[94] OTE (70%), Telekom Romania Communications SA (30%) 22603
4 Digi.Mobil GSM-900
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
900/2100 MHz LTE
2600 MHz TD-LTE
VoLTE
VoWiFi
3600 MHz 5G NR (Available in Bucharest, Busteni, Brasov, Craiova, Constanta, Cluj-Napoca, Iasi, Mamaia, Poiana Brasov, Predeal, Sibiu, Sinaia, Timisioara.)
3.92 (Q4 2019)[95] RCS&RDS 22605

Russia[edit]

Russia has 260 million subscribers in total (Q4 2019).[96]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership Mobile country code
1 MTS GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/900/1800/2600 MHz LTE
78.5 (Q1 2020)[97] Sistema (55.64%), flee float (44.36%) 25001
2 MegaFon GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
75.1 (Q1 2020)[98] USM Group (70.32%), MegaFon Finance (29.68%) 25002
3 Beeline GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
49.8 (Q2 2020)[99] VEON (Alfa Group (47,9%), The Stichting (8.3%), free float (43.8%)) 25099
4 Tele2 Russia GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
CDMA2000 1x, 450 MHz
450 MHz LTE (as Skylink)
CDMA2000 EV-DO Rev. A, 450 MHz
NMT - 450i, 450 MHz
44.6 (2019) Rostelecom 25020

San Marino[edit]

San Marino has 0.037 million subscribers in total, or a 116.95% penetration rate.[21] (December 2013)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telefonia Mobile Sammarinese (TMS) GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+

800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A

(actually uses Italian TIM network)

0.019[100] (February 2012) Telefonia Mobile Sammarinese 22201

Serbia[edit]

Serbia has 9.1987 million subscribers based on the 3-month customer activity, or a 128.09% penetration rate.[101] (December 2013)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Serbia is RATEL (Regulatorna agencija za elektronske komunikacije i poštanske usluge).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
Percent of total 100% market
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 mts 900/1800 MHz - GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz - UMTS (HSDPA, DC-HSPA+)
800/1800 MHz - LTE (LTE-A, LTE-A Pro, VoLTE)
2600/3500 MHz - 5G NR (testing)
45% (Jan 2019)[102]
Telekom Srbija (100%) 22003
2 Telenor 900/1800 MHz - GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz - UMTS (HSDPA, DC-HSPA+)
800/1800/2100 MHz - LTE, (LTE-A, LTE-A Pro)
2600/3500 MHz - 5G NR (testing)
31% (Jan 2019)[102]
PPF (100%) 22001
3 vip 900/1800 MHz - GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz - UMTS (HSDPA, DC-HSPA+)
800/1800 MHz - LTE (LTE-A, LTE-A Pro, VoLTE)
24% (Jan 2019)[102]
A1 Telekom Austria Group (100%) 22005

Slovakia[edit]

Slovakia has 7,68 million subscribers in total, or a 132.79% penetration rate. All facts are based on the 3-month customer activity base.[103] (November 2019)

The Regulatory Authority for electronic communications "telecommunication" in Slovakia is Úrad pre reguláciu elektronických komunikácií a poštových služieb (RÚ).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Orange
(Formerly Globtel, Slovtel)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A

3500/3600/3700 MHz 5G (Coming in 2021)

VoLTE (Except Funfón)

VoWiFi (Except Funfón)

2.729[103] (4Q 2019)

Including FunFón

Atlas Services Belgium s.a. 23101
2 Telekom
(Formerly Eurotel, T-Mobile)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A

5G (Coming in 2021) VoLTE (For prepaid cards only)

2.406[30] (4Q 2019)

Including Juro

Deutsche Telekom 23102
3 O2 900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/1800 MHz LTE, LTE-A

3700 MHz 5G (Coming in 2021)
VoLTE (Except Tescomobile SK)

2.157[104] (2Q 2020)

Including Tescomobile SK

PPF 23106
4 4KA 900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE) (Roaming on Orange Slovakia (2G/3G) when needed)
1800 MHz LTE

3500/3700 MHz 5G (since July 2019)

VoLTE

ViLTE

0.453[105][106] (4Q 2019) SWAN Mobile, a. s. (50%), Danubiatel a.s. (50%) 23103

Slovenia[edit]

Slovenia has 2.513.457 subscribers in total, or a 119,92% penetration rate.[107] (1Q 2020)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Slovenia is AKOS (Agencija za komunikacijska omrežja in storitve).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telekom Slovenije
(formerly Mobitel)
GSM 900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz: UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
VoWiFi
2600 MHz - 5G NR
1.000 (39,78% – 1Q 2020)
Including Izimobil, Spar Mobil, Hip mobil, Mega M, Novatel MOBIL, SoftNet mobil
Telekom Slovenije 29341
2 A1
(formerly Si.mobil)
GSM 900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz: UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3500 MHz - 5G NR (testing)
0.794 (31,58% – 1Q 2020)
Including Bob, HoT Mobil
A1 Telekom Austria Group 29340
3 Telemach
(formerly Tušmobil)
GSM 900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz: UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+ (Roams on Telekom Slovenije (2G/3G) where there is no Telemach coverage)
800/1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
3500 MHz - 5G NR (testing)
0.571 (22,70% – 1Q 2020)

Including Teleing

The United Group 29370
4 T-2 2100 MHz: UMTS, HSPA (Roaming on Telekom Slovenije (2G/3G/LTE) network when needed)
2100 MHz LTE
0.149 (5,92% – 1Q 2020)
Gratel (87%) 29364

Spain[edit]

Spain has 54.499 million subscribers in total, or a 115.15% penetration rate.[108] (Mar 2020)

The Regulatory Authority for telecommunication in Spain is CNMC (Comisión Nacional de los Mercados y la Competencia).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Movistar 900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
18.960[108] (Mar 2020) Telefónica 21407
2 Orange
(Formerly Amena)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
VoWiFi
15.863[108] (Mar 2020) Orange 21403
3 Vodafone
(Formerly Airtel)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
3700 MHz 5G NR
13.573[108] (Mar 2020) Vodafone 21401
4 Yoigo 1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA+
1800/2100 MHz LTE (Roams on Orange and Movistar where there is no Yoigo coverage)
7.572[108] (Mar 2020) Grupo MÁSMÓVIL 21404

Sweden[edit]

Sweden has 14.244 million subscribers in total, or a 148.4% penetration rate[21] (2013)

The country's telcom regulator is PTS.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telia GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
VoWiFi
6.100[109] (July 2020) Telia Company 24001
2 Tele2
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/900/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
2.936[110] (July 2020) Tele2 24007
3 Telenor
(Formerly Vodafone)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/900/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2.721[111] (July 2020) Telenor 24008
4 Three (Tre) 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
800/2600 MHz FD-LTE, 2600 MHz TD-LTE, LTE-A
2.090[112] (May 2020) CK Hutchison Holdings (60%), Investor AB (40%) 24002

Switzerland[edit]

Switzerland has 11.365[113] million mobile subscribers and a 138% penetration rate.[113] (December 2014)
The country's telecom regulator is BAKOM.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Swisscom GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
VoWiFi
2100/3500 MHz 5G NR
6.378[114] (31 March 2019)
Including Lycamobile, Mucho, M-Budget Mobile, Wingo
Partially State-owned (51%) Swisscom 22801
2 Sunrise
(Formerly diAx)
GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
3500 MHz 5G NR
2.935[115] (26 November 2019) Listed at the Swiss Stock Exchange SIX Group[116] 22802
3 Salt
(formerly Orange CH)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoWiFi
2.141[117] (Q3 2014) Iliad/NJJ Capital[118] 22803

Turkey[edit]

Turkey has 71.7 million subscribers in total, or a 94.34% penetration rate. (2015)

The telecom regulator in Turkey is Information and Communication Technologies Authority (BTK : Bilgi Teknolojileri ve Iletisim Kurumu).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Turkcell GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+,
800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A, LTE-A Pro, VoLTE, VoWiFi
5G (testing)
34.000[119] (Q2 2015) Telia Company (24.02%), Cukurova Group (13.81%), Alfa Group (13.22%), free float 48.95%
2 Vodafone
(Formerly Telsim)
GSM 900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A, LTE-A Pro, VoLTE, VoWiFi
5G (testing)
23.631[120] (Q1 2021) Vodafone (100%)
3 Türk Telekom
(Formerly Avea, Aria, Aycell)
GSM 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A, LTE-A Pro, VoLTE, VoWiFi
5G (testing)
16.700[119] (Q2 2015) Türk Telekom (100%)

Ukraine[edit]

Ukraine has 55.860 million subscribers in total, or a 129.8% penetration rate.[121] (October, 2018)

The country's telecom regulator is NKRZI.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Kyivstar 900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
25.4 (2Q 2020) VEON 25503 and 25502
2 Vodafone
(Formerly MTS)
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
19.5 (1Q 2020) Bakcell 25501
3 Lifecell
(Formerly Life:))
900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+, 3C-HSDPA
900/1800/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A, LTE-A Pro
8.9 (1Q 2020) Turkcell 25506
4 Intertelecom 800 MHz CDMA2000, CDMA2000 EV-DO rel.0, rev. A, rev. B 1.4 (3Q 2017) Odinaco Ltd (49%), Victor Gushan (35.7%) 25504
5 TriMob 2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA (Free 2G/3G roaming on Vodafone network available) 0.300 (2Q 2018) excluding Lycamobile Ukrtelecom 25507
6 PEOPLEnet 800 MHz CDMA2000, CDMA2000 EV-DO
0.853 (4Q 2012) Telesystemy Ukrainy 25521

United Kingdom[edit]

The United Kingdom has 92.0 million subscribers in total, or an approximate 139% penetration rate (31 December 2017).[122]

The country's telecom regulator is Ofcom.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 EE

(Formerly Orange, T-Mobile)

1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3500 MHz 5G NR
VoLTE, VoWiFi, AML
28.9[123] (May 2020) BT Group 23430 and 23433
2 O2 900 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2300 MHz TD-LTE
3500 MHz 5G NR
VoLTE, VoWiFi, AML
25.4[124] (July 2020) Telefónica 23410
3 Vodafone 900 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/900/1500/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2600 MHz TD-LTE
3500 MHz 5G NR
VoLTE, VoWiFi, AML, RCS
17.6[125] (July 2020) Vodafone 23415
4 Three 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1500/1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
3500 MHz 5G NR
VoLTE, VoWiFi, AML
13.3[126] (August 2019) CK Hutchison Holdings 23420

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