List of mobile network operators of the Asia Pacific region

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This is a list of all mobile phone carriers in the Asia Pacific Region and their respective number of subscribers.

Afghanistan[edit]

The country's telecom regulator is the Afghanistan Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (ATRA). http://atra.gov.af/en

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
6.2[1] (Q4 2020) MTN
2 Roshan GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
5.4[2] (Q4 2020) Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development (AKFED) 51%, Monaco Telecom International (MTI) 36.75%, TeliaSonera AB 12.25%
3 Etisalat Afghanistan GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS (3G), HSPA+ (3.75G), LTE (Under Trial)
5.4[1] (Q4 2020) Emirates Telecommunications Corporation
4 Afghan Wireless GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, LTE
3.7[1] (Q4 2020) Telephone Systems International
5 Salaam 2.0 (Q4 2020)

American Samoa[edit]

As of 2004, American Samoa has 32,000 subscribers in total,[3] or an 85% penetration rate.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Blue Sky Communications 850 MHz GSM
850 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

LTE

0.0320[3] (2012) Amper SpA
2 American Samoa Telecommunications Authority (ASTCA) 800 MHz CDMA2000/Evolution-Data OptimizedRev.A

LTE

Government of American Samoa

Australia[edit]

As of March 2011, the number of mobile phone subscriptions in Australia was recorded to be 29.28 million which corresponds to a penetration rate of 129.482% over an estimated population of around 21.8 million.[4][5]

The country's telecom regulator is the Australian Communications and Media Authority.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Telstra 850[6] MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
700(28)/900(8)/1800(3)/2600(7) MHz LTE, LTE-A

850(n5)/3500(n78) 5G NR

18.8[7](2020) Telstra
2 Optus 900/2100** MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
700(28)/1800(3)/2100(1)/2600(7)/2300(40) MHz LTE-A

2300(n40)/3500(n78) 5G NR
** 3G on band 2100 MHz available only till 04.2022

10.52[8] (Dec 2019, including MBB) Singtel
3 Vodafone (TPG Telecom)
•formerly Vodafone (VHA) and TPG
900 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
850(5)/1800(3)/2100(1)/2600(7) MHz LTE-A

700(n28)/3500(n78) 5G NR

5.8[9][10] (Q1 2020) Vodafone (25.05%) Hutchison Telecom (25.05%) Former TPG shareholders (49.9%, e.g. David Teoh, WHSP, public shareholders)

Bangladesh[edit]

The total number of Mobile Phone subscriptions in Bangladesh has reached 181.53 million at the end of November 2021[11] The country's telecom regulator is the Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission (BTRC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Grameenphone GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800 MHz FDD-LTE, VoLTE, ViLTE
84.04
2 Robi GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800 MHz FDD-LTE, LTE-A, VoLTE, ViLTE
53.72
3 Banglalink GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800 MHz FDD-LTE, LTE-A
37.21 VEON
4 Teletalk GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800 MHz FDD-LTE
6.56 State-owned

As of October 2021, total four mobile operators are truly operational. Airtel Bangladesh merged with Robi[12] and Pacific Bangladesh Telecom Limited (ownership: SingTel (44.54%), Pacific Motors (37.95%) and Far East Telecom (17.51%)), which used 'Citycell' and 'Zoom Ultra' brands, is no longer operating commercially. On 19 February 2018 Government has given FDD-LTE license to telecom operators. Besides, there are another three LTE licensed operators: Banglalion, Qubee and OLLO;[13] which do not have permission for voice services. AMTOB is a national trade organization representing all mobile telecom operators in Bangladesh.

Bhutan[edit]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 B-Mobile GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
850 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.464(June 2021)[14] Bhutan Telecom Limited (BTL)
2 TashiCell GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
700 MHz LTE
0.275(June 2021)[14] Tashi Group

Brunei Darussalam[edit]

As of December 2014, the penetration rate in Brunei Darussalam was 114%,[15] over a population estimate of over 400,000.

The country's telecom regulator is the Authority for Info-communications Technology Industry (AITI).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Datastream Technology Sdn Bhd (DST) GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.32[16] DST group
2 Progresif Cellular Sdn Bhd (formerly B-mobile) 2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA, HSPA+ 0.15[17] Darussalam Assets Sdn Bhd

Cambodia[edit]

As of June 2013, the penetration rate in Cambodia was estimated at 69.318% over a population estimate of over 14.7 million.[18]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
2 Smart Axiata GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
8 {{[19]}} Axiata Group Berhad
1 Metfone GSM-900/1800 (GPRS)
UMTS, HSDPA

LTE

9 (2015)[20] Viettel Cambodia
3 Cellcard/Mobitel GSM-900 MHz
2100 MHz UMTS

LTE

2.5[21] (2010) The Royal Group,[22]
4 qb GSM-1800 MHz
2100 MHz UMTS
0.05[citation needed] Cambodia Advance Communications
5 Yes Seatel FDD-LTE 850MHz (4G VoLTE network) 0.01 (July 2015) South East Asia Telecom Group

China (mainland)[edit]

The country's telecom regulator is the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 China Mobile GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100(B1)/1800(B3)/900(B8) LTE
1900(B39)/2300(B40)/2600(B38,B41) MHz TD-LTE, VoLTE
2.6 GHz(N41) 5G NR
945.50[23] (June 2021) Government of China
2 China Telecom 850/2100 MHz CDMA2000 1xRTT EV-DO Rev 0, Rev A 850(B5)/1800(B3)/2100(B1) MHz LTE-A, VoLTE
3.5 GHz (N78) 5G NR
362.49[24] (June 2021) Government of China
3 China Unicom GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800(B3)/2100(B1) MHz LTE-A
3.5 GHz (N78) 5G NR
310.45[25] (June 2021) Government of China

Cook Islands[edit]

As of 2019, Cook Islands has 6,000 subscribers in total.[26]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Vodafone
(formerly Bluesky)
900 MHz GSM
UMTS
LTE
Not Yet Available Teleraro Limited (60%)[27]

Fiji[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Fiji was estimated at 79.957% over a population estimate of around 0.9 million.[28]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Vodafone 900 MHz GSM, GPRS, EDGE
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
0.730 (2017)[29] Amalgamated Telecom Holdings, 72.6% owned by the Fiji National Provident Fund[30] (51%)

Fiji National Provident Fund (49%)[31]

2 Digicel 900 MHz GSM, GPRS, EDGE
900 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available Digicel

French Polynesia[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in French Polynesia was estimated at 98.7% over a population estimate of around 268.000.[32]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 VINI 900 MHz GPRS, EDGE
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

800/2600 MHz LTE

0.250[citation needed] ONATi SAS
2 Vodafone GSM
UMTS
LTE
0.035[citation needed] Pacific Mobile Telecom
3 VITI WiMAX

800/2600 MHz LTE

Not Yet Available

Guam[edit]

As of 2012, Guam has 185,000[33] subscribers in total.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 IT&E and Iconnect 1900 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
700/1900 MHz LTE Advanced
Not Yet Available PTI Pacifica Inc.
2 Docomo Pacific CdmaOne
GSM-1900 MHz (GPRS)
850 MHz UMTS
700 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available NTT DoCoMo
3 GTA GSM-850/1900 MHz (GPRS)
850 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1700 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available TeleGuam Holdings LLC

Hong Kong[edit]

As of March 2020, the penetration rate in Hong Kong was estimated at 275% over a population estimate of over 7.521 million, with 23.21 million public mobile subscriptions.[34][35] Hong Kong's telecom regulator is the Office of the Communications Authority (OFCA).

As of March 2021, there were 24 registered Mobile Virtual Network Operators, apart from the 4 major mobile network operators in Hong Kong.[36][37]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 CMHK
(China Mobile Hong Kong)
GSM-1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600(B7)/2300(B40) MHz LTE-A
3.5 GHz(n78)/4.7 GHz(n79) 5G NR
5.000[38] (Jun 2021) China Mobile
2 HKT
(including csl, 1O1O, Club SIM and SUN Mobile)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
3.5 GHz(n78)/4.7 GHz(n79) 5G NR
4.477[39] (Jun 2021) PCCW Limited
3 3 Hong Kong GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600(B7)/2300(B40) MHz LTE-A
3.5 GHz(n78) 5G NR
3.279[40] (Dec 2020) Hutchison Telecom
4 SmarTone GSM-900/1800 (GPRS)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
3.5 GHz(n78) 5G NR
2.70[41] (Dec 2020) Sun Hung Kai Properties

India[edit]

As of 31 october 2021, there are nearly 1.2 billion wireless subscribers in India according to Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).[42]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers[42]
(in millions)
Ownership
1

Jio

426.60 [42][44]

[45]

Jio Platforms

2

Airtel

353.98[42][47]

Bharti Airtel Limited

3

Vi

269.03[42]

[51]

Vodafone Idea Limited

4

BSNL

116.70[42][53]

Government of India

Indonesia[edit]

Indonesia has 254.792 million subscribers in total[54] (April 2018), or a 142.00% penetration rate[55] (January 2017). The regulatory authority for telecommunication in Indonesia is the Ministry of Communication and Information Technology, having taking over the roles from the Badan Regulasi Telekomunikasi Indonesia (Indonesia Telecommunication Regulation Body), which was dissolved in November 2021.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telkomsel
(Include previous TelkomFlexi network)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
900/1800/2100 MHz FDD-LTE, 2300 MHz TDD-LTE, VoLTE
2300(n40) MHz NR
169.5[56] (2020) Telkom Indonesia (65%)
Singtel (35%)

51010

2 XL Axiata
(Include previous Axis network)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+
900/1800 MHz FDD-LTE
2100(n1)/1800(n3) MH NR
53.3[57] (June 2019) Axiata Group Berhad (61.16%)
Public (38%)

51011

3 Indosat Ooredoo Hutchison
(Include previous Satelindo, Indosat-M3, 3 and StarOne network)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100 MHz FDD-LTE, LTE-A
1800(n3) MHz NR
Ooredoo Hutchison Asia PTE Ltd (65%)

Garibaldi Thohir (10.8%)

Government of Indonesia (9.6%)
Public (14%)

51001
4 Smartfren
(Include previous Esia and Mobile 8 network)
850 MHz FDD-LTE

2300 MHz TDD-LTE VoLTE

Sinar Mas Group[58]

51009 and 51028

Mobile Virtual Network Operators
1 by.U
(using Telkomsel)
N/A N/A Telkomsel
2 MPWR
(using Indosat Ooredoo Hutchison)
N/A N/A Indosat Ooredoo Hutchison
3 Live.On
(using XL Axiata)
N/A N/A XL Axiata / Circles.Life
4 Power Up
(using Smartfren)
N/A N/A Smartfren

Japan[edit]

As of May 2020, Japan has 182.15 million subscribers in total,[59] or a 144.61% penetration rate.[60]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 NTT Docomo 800(B6)/2100(B1) MHz UMTS, HSPA
700(B28)/800(B19)/1500(B21)/1800(B3)/2100(B1) MHz LTE
Wideband LTE Advanced
3500(B42) MHz TD-LTE, LTE-A
3.5(n78)/4.9(n79) GHz 5G NR
82.632[59] (Mar 2021) NTT
2 au 850/2100 MHz CDMA2000, 1xRTT, EV-DO
700(B28)/800(B18)/1500(B11)/1800(B3)/2100(B1) MHz LTE
2500(B41)/3500(B42) MHz TD-LTE

3.5(n78)/3.7(n77) GHz 5G NR

60.398[59] (Mar 2021) KDDI
3 SoftBank Corp.
& Ymobile
900(B8)/2100(B1) MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700(B28)/900(B8)/1500(B11)/1800(B3)/2100(B1) MHz LTE
2500(B41)/3500(B42) MHz TD-LTE

3.7(n77) GHz 5G NR

45.621[59] (Mar 2021) SoftBank Group (99.99%)[61]
4 Rakuten Mobile[62] 1800(B3) MHz LTE

3.5(n77) GHz 5G NR

N/A Rakuten
Mobile Virtual Network Operators
1 Disney Mobile
(using SoftBank Mobile)
UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSDPA
TD-LTE
N/A SoftBank / The Walt Disney Company
2 b-mobile
(using NTT Docomo)
2100/800 MHz UMTS, HSPA
800/1500/2100 MHz LTE
N/A Japan Communications Inc.
3 IIJmio Internet Initiative Japan

Kazakhstan[edit]

As of October 2021, the penetration rate in Kazakhstan was estimated at 131.09% over a population estimate of around 19.08 million, with 25.012 million mobile subscriptions.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Beeline
(including izi)
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
n78 5G NR
9.8[63] (October 2021) VEON
2 Kcell
(including activ)
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
7.957[64] (Sep 2021) KazakhTelecom (51%), Jysan Bank (24%),[65] free float (25%)
3 Tele2 Kazakhstan
(including Altel)
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
n78 5G NR
7.255[66] (Dec 2019) KazakhTelecom

Kyrgyzstan[edit]

As of 2008, Kyrgyzstan has 6.6 million subscribers in total, a 120% penetration rate.[67]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MegaCom GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+

800/1800/2100 MHz LTE

2.7[67] (2012) JSC Alpha Telecom
2 Beeline GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
2.4[67] (Aug 2012) Sky Mobile Ltd. (VEON)
3 Fonex CDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ 0.42[68] (2008) Aktel Ltd.
4 O! GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/2600 MHz LTE
0.9[67] NUR Telecom Ltd.
5 Katel TDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ 0.1[68] (2008) KATEL
6 Nexi CDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ 0.049[68] (2008) SoTel
7 Sapat Mobile CDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ 0.011[68] (2008) Winline Ltd.

Laos[edit]

As of 2012, Laos mobile penetration was 70.86% with 4.841 millions subscriptions.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Unitel GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

1800 MHz LTE[69]

2.705[citation needed] Lao Asia Telecommunication State Enterprise (LAT) (51%), Viettel Global (49%)[70]
2 LaoTelecom GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA (14.4 Mbit/s)

2600 MHz LTE[71]

1.291[citation needed] Government of Lao P.D.R. (51%), Shennington Investments (Thaicom) (49%)[72]
3 TPLUS GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+ (21 Mbit/s)
WiMAX
0.289[73] Government of Lao P.D.R. (100%)[73]
4 ETL GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+ (21 Mbit/s)
Not Available Jiafu Holdings (51%)
Government of Lao P.D.R. (49%)[74]

Macau[edit]

As of December 2016, Macau had about 1.969 million subscribers in total.[75] Macau's telecom regulator is Direcção dos Serviços de Correios e Telecomunicações (DSRT).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 CTM GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800/2600(B7)/2300(B40) MHz LTE-A
0.856[76] (December 2016) CITIC Telecom International (99%)
Correios de Macau (1%)
2 3 GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

1800 MHz LTE[77]

(Information not available) Hutchison Telecom
3 China Telecom CDMA, CDMA2000, EVDO

1800 MHz LTE[77]

(Information not available) Government of China
4 SmarTone GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

1800 MHz LTE[78]

(Information not available) Sun Hung Kai Properties

Malaysia[edit]

As of March 2014, the penetration rate in Malaysia was estimated at 144.2%.[79]

The country's telecom regulator is the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 ALTEL -lease 2600 MHz spectrum to Digi and Celcom
-uses Celcom 2G/3G/4G network
0.7(2016)[80] Puncak Semangat Sdn Bhd (unit owned by Syed Mokhtar Al-Bukhary)
2 Maxis 2G: 900, 1800 MHz (EDGE)

4G: 900(B8), 1800(B3), 2100(B1), 2600(B7) MHz (LTE, LTE-A)

VoLTE, VoWiFi, eSIM

11.651[81] (3Q 2021) Ananda Krishnan (62%)
Saudi Telecom Company (17.5%)
3 Digi
with a digital sub-brand Tapp
2G: 900, 1800 MHz (EDGE)

4G: 900(B8), 1800(B3), 2100(B1), 2600(B7) MHz (LTE, LTE-A)

VoLTE, VoWiFi, eSIM

10.365[82] (3Q 2021) Telenor (49%)
Employees Provident Fund (Malaysia) (13.3%)[83]
4 Celcom
with a digital sub-brand yoodo
2G: 900, 1800 MHz (EDGE)
3G: 900, 2100 MHz (UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+)

4G: 900(B8), 1800(B3), 2100(B1), 2600(B7) MHz (LTE, LTE-A)

VoLTE, eSIM

9.223[84] (2Q 2021)
>(not including MVNOs)
12.793(Incld MVNOs, as 4Q19)
Axiata Group Berhad


5 U Mobile 2G: Uses Celcom 2G nationwide

4G: 900(B8), 1800(B3), 2100(B1), 2600(B7) MHz (LTE, LTE-A)

VoLTE, VoWiFi, eSIM

6.12[85] (4Q 2017) ST Telemedia (35%)
U Television Sdn Bhd (21%)
Ibrahim Ismail of Johor (15%)
MPHB Capital Bhd. (6%)
6 Yes 4G 4G: 800(B20), 2300(B40), 2600(B38) MHz (LTE, LTE-A)

uses DNB 5G NSA

VoLTE

0.7[86] (3Q 2013) YTL Communications(a unit of YTL Corporation)


7 Unifi Mobile
[formerly known as webe]
2G: Uses Celcom 2G nationwide
4G: 850(B5), 2300(B40), 2600(B7), 2600(B38) MHz (LTE, LTE-A)

VoLTE
• 2.6GHz Band 7 LTE in some in-building places by Celcom network

0.4674[87] (3Q 2014) Telekom Malaysia (91.8%)
SK Telecom (8.2%)[88]
8 Redtone 2300 MHz WiMAX (East Malaysia only)
-lease 2600 MHz spectrum to Maxis
Berjaya Corporation Berhad
9 Digital Nasional Berhad

(Malaysia 5G Single Wholesale Network)

700 MHz(B28) LTE
3500 MHz(B77/78) 5G NR
Yes 4G Ministry of Finance (Malaysia)
Mobile Virtual Network Operators
1 TuneTalk
(uses Celcom)
1.5[89] (August 2014) Tune Ventures(35.75%)
Celcom(35%)
2 XOX
(uses Celcom)
1.7[90] (Mac 2017) XOX
3 redONE
(uses Celcom)
1.2[91][92] (March 2019) Redtone International
4 Merchantrade
(uses Celcom)
0.3[93] (3Q 2012) Celcom
Sumitomo Corporation
5 SpeakOut
(uses DiGi)
Pavo Communications
6 MY Evolution
(uses DiGi)
M2M services in Asia[94]
7 Telin Malaysia (Kartu As)
(uses U Mobile)
Telin Malaysia. Telin Malaysia is a joint venture (JV) company between Compudyne Telecommunication Systems Sdn. Bhd and PT Telin, a company fully owned by PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia (Telkom).[95]
8 mCalls
(uses DiGi)
Partnership between Pavo Communications and DiGi.[96]

Maldives[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Maldives was estimated at 116.456% over a population estimate of around 0.4 million.[97]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Dhiraagu GSM-900 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
LTE
0.350[98] (October 2012) Dhiraagu
2 Ooredoo Maldives GSM-900 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.272[99] (Q2 2014) Ooredoo

Marshall Islands[edit]

As of 2008, Marshall Islands has 1000 subscribers in total.[100]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 NTA GSM-900 UMTS

LTE

0.0007[100] (2008) MINTA

Micronesia, Federated States of[edit]

As of 2008, Federated States of Micronesia has 34,000 subscribers in total.[101]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 FSM Telecom GSM-900 UMTS 0.0274[101] (2008) FSMTC

Mongolia[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Mongolia was estimated at 80.120% over a population estimate of around 3.1 million.[102]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Mobicom GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+

700/1800 MHz LTE[103]

1.7[104] (June 2014) KDDI, Sumitomo Corporation, Newcom Group
2 Unitel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+

1800 MHz LTE

1.54[105] (June 2014) MCS Group
3 Skytel CdmaOne
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0.6[105] (June 2014) Altai Holdings, Shunkhlai Group
4 G-Mobile CdmaOne
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0.47[105] (June 2014)

Myanmar[edit]

As of January 2019, the penetration rate in Myanmar was estimated at 105% over a population estimate of around 54 million.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MPT 450/800 MHz CDMA, CDMA2000 1x-EVDO
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
22 (October 2018)[106] State-owned, KDDI, Sumitomo Corporation
2 Telenor GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
17.183 (October 2020)[106] Telenor
3 Ooredoo GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
14.839 (May 2020)[106] Ooredoo
4 Mytel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
6 (June 2019)[106] Viettel (49%)
Star High Telecom (28%)
Myanmar National Telecom Holding (23%)[106]

Nauru[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Nauru was estimated at 42.909% over a population estimate of around 9,000 people.[107] The World Factbook shows 6,700 subscribers in 2011.[108]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Digicel GSM-900 UMTS

LTE

0.007 Digicel Pacific Ltd.

Nepal[edit]

As of August 2017, the penetration rate in Nepal was estimated at 130.24% over a population estimate of around 26.5 million.[109]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Ncell GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS, 3G, 4G, HSDPA
LTE-1800 MHz
15.889[109] (August 2017) Axiata Group Berhad (80%)
2 Nepal Telecom CDMA, EV-DO
900 MHz GSM, GPRS
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, 3G, 4G, HSPA+
WiMAX 1800 MHz
LTE-1800 MHz[110]
15.502[109] (August 2017) Nepal Doorsanchar Company Ltd.
3 Smart Telecom 3G, 4G, GSM 900/1800
GPRS 900/2100
LTE-1800 MHz (Testing)
1.623[109] (August 2017) Smart Telecom

New Caledonia[edit]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Mobilis 900 MHz GSM
2100 MHz UMTS
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
0.244[111] (2012) Office des Postes et Telecommunications

New Zealand[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in New Zealand was estimated at 124.326% over a population estimate of around 4.3 million.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Vodafone
(formerly BellSouth)
900 MHz GSM, GPRS
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2.538 (July 2019)[112][113] Infratil Limited & Brookfield Asset Management Inc
2 Spark
(formerly Telecom)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/1800/2100/2300/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2.46 (May 2019)[114] Public (NZX: SPK)
3 2degrees 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/900/1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
1.41 (May 2019)[114] Tesbrit B.V., a Dutch investment company (27.2%)[115]
Mobile virtual network operators
? Compass Mobile
(using Spark)[116]
UMTS, HSPA, LTE ? Compass Communications
? Orcon Mobile
(using Spark)
UMTS, HSPA, LTE ? Vocus Communications[117] (ASX: VOC)
? Slingshot Mobile
(using Spark)
UMTS, HSPA, LTE ? Vocus Communications (ASX: VOC)
? Skinny
(using Spark)
UMTS, HSPA, LTE ? Spark (NZX: SPK)
? Warehouse Mobile[118]
(using 2degrees)
UMTS, HSPA, LTE ? The Warehouse Group (NZX: TWG)

Niue[edit]

As of 2008, Niue has about 385 subscribers in total, a 25% penetration rate.[119]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Telecom Niue 900 MHz GSM[120]
700 MHz LTE[121]
0.000385[119] (2008) Telecom Niue

Norfolk Island[edit]

As of October 2008, Norfolk Island has 131 subscribers in total, a 6.5% penetration rate.[122]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Norfolk Telecom 900 MHz UMTS
700 MHz LTE
0.000131[122] (October 2008) Norfolk Telecom

North Korea[edit]

As of March 2011 North Korea has over a million subscribers in total.[123]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Koryolink 2100 MHz UMTS 3.8[124] (end 2015) Global Telecom Holding S.A.E. (75%)
Korea Post and Telecommunications Corporation (25%)

Northern Mariana Islands[edit]

As of 2004, the Northern Mariana Islands have 20,500[125] subscribers in total.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Docomo Pacific CdmaOne
GSM-1900 (GPRS)
UMTS

LTE

Not Yet Available NTT DoCoMo
2 IT&E CdmaOne
GSM-850
UMTS, HSPA+
700 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available IT&E Overseas, Inc

Pakistan[edit]

As of December 2021, Pakistan has 188.71 million subscribers in total with a mobile density of 85.94%.[126]

The country's telecom regulator is the PTA (Pakistan Telecommunication Authority).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)[127]
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Jazz

•(Includes the previous Warid and Mobilink networks)

900 MHz, 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz, 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900 MHz, 1800 MHz LTE/LTE-A
72.58 VEON 41001 (Mobilink)
41007 (WaridTel)
2 Telenor 900 MHz, 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
850 MHz, 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
850 MHz, 1800 MHz LTE/LTE-A
49.49 Telenor 41006
3 Zong 900 MHz, 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+

1800 MHz, 2100 MHz LTE/LTE-A

42.34 China Mobile 41004
4 Ufone

(Roams on SCOM in Azad Kashmir & Gilgit-Baltistan)[128]

900 MHz, 1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz, 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+

1800 MHz LTE

22.68 Etisalat (26%) and Government of Pakistan 41003
5 SCOM

(Roams on Ufone in Mainland Pakistan,[128] Also known as SCO Mobile, 41005)

900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)

2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+

1800 MHz LTE

1.63 Government of Pakistan 41005

Palau[edit]

As of 2012, Palau has 17,150 subscribers in total.[129]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
Ownership
1 PNCC (PalauCel) GSM-900 MHz

WCDMA-900 MHz (Band 8)[130]

LTE-700 MHz (Band 28)

17,150 Palau National Communications Corporation (PNCC)

Papua New Guinea[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Papua New Guinea was estimated at 47.595% over a population estimate of around 6.2 million.[131]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Digicel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
700 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available Digicel
2 BMobile GSM-900 (GPRS)
900 MHz UMTS
Not Yet Available Pacific Mobile Communications
3 Telikom PNG 850 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

1800 MHz LTE

Not Yet Available Telikom (PNG) LTD

Philippines[edit]

As of November 2021, the number of subscribers in the Philippines was estimated at approximately 158.4 million, a 144.53% penetration rate.

The country's telecom regulator is the National Telecommunications Commission (NTC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Globe Telecom GSM 900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)

900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA ,HSPA+

700/850/1800/2100 MHz FDD-LTE, 2500 MHz TDD-LTE
WiMAX LTE-A

3500 MHz 5G NR

83.9 (September 30, 2021)[132] Ayala Corporation (13.20%)
Singtel (20.10%)
Asiacom Philippines, Inc. (50.85%)
Directors, Officers, ESOP (0.19%)
Public Stock (15.66%)
2 Smart Communications GSM 900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)

850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+

700/850/1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A, WiMAX

3500 MHz 5G NR

70.5 (September 30, 2021)[133] PLDT
3 Dito Telecommunity 700/2000/2100/2500/3300 MHz LTE, LTE-A

3500 MHz 5G NR VoLTE ViLTE

5.0 (December 27, 2021)[134] Dito Holdings Corporation (60%)
China Telecommunications Corporation (40%)
Mobile Virtual Network Operators
1 TNT
(using Smart)
- Smart
2 TM
(using Globe)
- Globe
3 Sun
(using Smart)
- Smart
4 GOMO
(using Globe)
- Globe
5 Cherry Prepaid
(using Globe)
- Globe Telecom
Cosmic Technologies

Samoa[edit]

As of November 2007, Samoa has 85,000 subscribers in total, a 47% penetration rate.[135]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Vodafone Samoa
(formerly Bluesky Samoa)
900 MHz GSM
1800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available
2 Digicel 900 MHz GSM, GPRS, EDGE,
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available Digicel

Singapore[edit]

As of April 2021, the penetration rate in Singapore was estimated at 149.5% over a population estimate of around 5.7 million.[136]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Singtel Mobile
with a digital sub-brand GOMO
3G : 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A
5G : 2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78) 5G NR-NSA/SA

VoLTE, VoWiFi

eSIM  : Available (only for Apple Watch)

4.1[137] (March 2021) Temasek Holdings
2 M1 3G : 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
4G : 1800(B3)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE-A
5G : 2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78) 5G NR-NSA/SA

VoLTE, VoWiFi,VoNR

eSIM  : Available

2.11[138] (March 2021) Keppel Corporation
SPH
3 StarHub
with a digital sub-brand giga!
3G : 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A
5G : 2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78) 5G NR-NSA/SA

VoLTE, VoWiFi,VoNR

1.95[139] (1Q 2021) ST Telemedia
Ooredoo
NTT docomo
4 TPG Mobile 4G : 900(B8)/2300(B40) MHz LTE-A

VoLTE

0.4[140] (March 2020) TPG Telecom
5 GRID Communications 806-821/851-866 MHz iDEN N/A GRID Communications Pte Ltd
Mobile virtual network operators
1 Circles.Life (Using M1) 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800(B3)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE-A

VoLTE

eSIM  : Available

0.26 (End 2018) Liberty Wireless Pte Ltd
2 Zero1 (Using Singtel) 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A
Zero1
3 MyRepublic (Using StarHub; Using M1 w.e.f. 31 March 2020 for new signups) StarHub:

900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A

M1:

900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800(B3)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE-A

VoLTE

0.07 (May2021)[141] MyRepublic[142]
4 redONE (Using StarHub) 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A
Redtone International
5 VIVIFI (Using Singtel) 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A
ICYMI Pte Ltd
6 Geenet Mobile (Using M1) 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800(B3)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE-A
Geenet Pte Ltd
7 China Mobile CMLink SG (Using Singtel) 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A
China Mobile International
8 ZYM (Using Singtel) 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A
mDR Limited
9 Changi Mobile (Using M1) 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800(B3)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE-A

VoLTE, VoWiFi

Changi Recommends

Solomon Islands[edit]

As of 2008, Solomon Islands has 30,000 subscribers in total.[143]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Our Telekom 900/1800 MHz GSM
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
LTE
0.03[143] (2008) Solomon Telekom Company Limited

South Korea[edit]

As of December 2017, South Korea has 63.7 million subscribers in total or a 122.9% penetration rate.[144][145]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 SK Telecom 2G : none(shut down since 2020)
3G : 2100 MHz UMTS
4G : 850/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE-FDD, LTE-A Pro with VoLTE
5G : n78(Sub-6), n257(mmWave)
27.019[144] (Q4 2017) SK Group
2 KT
(formerly olleh, KTF)
2G : none(shut down since 2012)
3G : 2100 MHz UMTS
4G : 900/1800/2100 MHz LTE-FDD, LTE-A Pro with VoLTE
5G : n78(Sub-6), n257(mmWave)
16.493[144] (Q4 2017) KT Corporation
3 LG U+
(formerly LG Telecom)
2G : CDMA 1X
3G : CDMA EVDO Rev-B
4G : 850/2100/2600 MHz LTE-FDD with VoLTE
5G : n78(Sub-6)
12.625[144] (Q4 2017) LG Corporation

Sri Lanka[edit]

Sri Lanka has 29.2 million subscribers in total, or a 131.1% penetration rate.[146] (March 2021)

The country's telecom regulator is Telecommunications Regulatory Commission of Sri Lanka (TRCSL).

Rank Operator Technology[147] Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC/MNC Tuple
1 Dialog
(Formerly MTN Network)
2G : GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 1800(B3), 2100(B1), 2600(B38), 900(B8) MHz
4G Calling (VoLTE) : Supported[148]
5G: 3.5(n78) GHz 5G NR (Trial)[149][150]
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : Supported[151]
eSIM  : Available[152]
17.1[153] (Q3 2021) Axiata Group Berhad (83.32%) 413-02
2 SLTMobitel
(Formerly Mobitel)
2G : GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 850(B5), 1800(B3), 2100(B1), 900(B8) MHz
4G Calling (VoLTE) : testing 
5G: 3.5(n78) GHz 5G NR (Trial)[154]
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : testing

eSIM  : Available[155]

7.9[156] (Q4 2020) Sri Lanka Telecom PLC (100%) 413-01
3 Hutch
•Includes the previous Etisalat network.[157]
2G : GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 900(B8)/1800(B3) MHz LTE-FDD[158]
4G Calling (VoLTE) : Supported 
5G: 3.5(n78) GHz 5G NR (Trial)[159]
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : Not supported
eSIM  : Not available
5.3[160] (Q3 2018) CK Hutchison Holdings Limited (85%)[157]
Emirates Telecommunication Group Company PJSC (15%)
413-08
4 Airtel 2G : GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
*3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
*(Planned to discontinue 3G services)
4G : 850(B5)/2100(B1)/2500(B41) MHz LTE[161]
4G Calling (VoLTE) : Supported
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : Not supported
eSIM  : Not available
2.9[162] (Q1 2020) Bharti Airtel Limited (100%) 413-05

Note:

Taiwan[edit]

As of June 2011, the penetration rate in Taiwan was estimated at 105.354% over a population estimate of around 23 million.[163]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers

(in millions)

Ownership
1 Chunghwa Telecom 中華電信 3G : 2100/900 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+
4G : 2100(B1)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE
4.5G : Up to 5CA, 4x4 MIMO, 256 QAM, LTE-A Pro
5G : 2100(n1)/3500(n78)/28000(n257) MHz 5G NR-NSA
LTE-U/LAA
VoLTE & EVS
VoWiFi
eSIM
11.38[164] (March 2021) Republic of China Ministry of Transportation and Communications (35.29%)
2 Taiwan Mobile 台灣大哥大 3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+
4G : 2100(B1)/1800(B3)/700(B28) MHz LTE
4.5G : Up to 3CA, 4x4 MIMO, 256 QAM, LTE-A Pro
5G : 700(n28)/3500(n78)/28000(n257) MHz 5G NR-NSA
VoLTE
VoWiFi
eSIM
7.094[164] (March 2021) Fubon Group
3 Far EasTone 遠傳電信 3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
4G : 2100(B1)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/700(B28)/2600(B38) MHz LTE
4.5G : Up to 4CA, 4x4 MIMO, 256 QAM, LTE-A Pro
5G : 2100(n1)/3500(n78)/28000(n257) MHz 5G NR-NSA
LTE-U/LAA
VoLTE
VoWiFi
eSIM

*5G 3.5 GHz sharing with Asia Pacific Telecom

7.066[164] (March 2021) Far Eastern Group
4 T STAR 台灣之星 3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
4G : 2100(B1)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE
4.5G : Up to 2CA, 4x4 MIMO, 256 QAM, LTE-A
5G : 3500(n78) MHz 5G NR-NSA
VoLTE
eSIM
2.597[164] (March 2021) Ting Hsin International Group (63%)
5 GT 亞太電信 2G : 900 MHz GSM
4G : 900(B8)/700(B28)/2600(B38) MHz LTE
4.5G : Up to 2CA, 4x4 MIMO, 256 QAM, LTE-A
5G : 3500(n78)/28000(n257) MHz 5G NR-NSA
VoLTE
VoWiFi
eSIM

*5G 3.5 GHz using FarEasTone's network

2.049[164] (March 2021) Foxconn (14%) FarEasTone (11.58%)
Mobile virtual network operators
1 Circles.Life (Using Chunghwa) 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+

2100(1)/900(8)/1800(3)/2600(B7)MHz LTE

Liberty Wireless Pte Ltd
2 Ibon Mobile (Using FarEasTone) 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

2100(1)/1800(3)/2600(7)/700(28)/2600(38) MHz LTE

7-Eleven

Tajikistan[edit]

Tajikistan has an estimated 4.5 million subscribers in total, a 42% penetration rate.[165]

The Telecom Regulator is the Communications Regulatory Agency (CRA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Tcell GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800 MHz LTE
3.301[166] (2013) Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development (100%)[167]
2 Babilon-Mobile GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800/2100 MHz LTE
0.8[168] (March 2008)
3 ZET Mobile
(Formerly Beeline)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0.836[169] (May 2011) ZET Mobile Ltd. (100%)[170]
4 MegaFon GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0.517[169] (May 2011) MegaFon (75%)

Thailand[edit]

As of December 2020, the mobile penetration rate in Thailand was 135% over a population of around 69.71 million.[171]
The regulatory authority for telecommunication in Thailand is the National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission (NBTC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 AIS, AWN

(Advance Info Service), (Advance Wireless Network)

2G : GSM-900 MHz
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : *B1/B8
4G  : FDD LTE: B1/B3/B8/B28  TDD LTE: B41/B38
4.5G : LTE-A Pro Up to 4xCA B1+B1+B3+B28, 4x4 MIMO, 256/64QAM, ULCA
4G Calling (VoLTE, ViLTE) : Supported 
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : Native device support and via WiFi calling app

5G : NR-NSA (ENDC 3x) + NR-SA

FR1 : N28/N41

FR2  : N258
(B1, B3, B8, N28, B41 = 2100/1800/900/700/2500-2600) MHz respectively)
*Pseudo MVNO on 80% of TOT's 3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 (B1: 2100 MHz) capacity[172]

43.65 (Q3/2021) Intouch Holdings
2 TrueMove H

2001-2005 (TA-Orange) or ( Orange TH)

2005-2012

(True Move)

2012-now

(True Move - H) rebrand after buy CDMA network provider on 850 mHz for the 850 mHz spectrum license's . (Hutchison CAT wireless multimedia)

2G : GSM-900 MHz
3G : UMTS/WCDMA: B1/*B5 
4G  : FDD LTE: B1/B3/B8 TDD LTE: B41
4.5G : LTE-A Pro Up to 3xCA B1+B3+B8, nationwide 4x4MIMO, 256/64QAM, ULCA
4G Calling (VoLTE, ViLTE) : Supported 
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : Native device support and via WiFi calling app

5G : NR-NSA (EN-DC 3x)

FR1 : N28/N41

FR2  : N258
(B1, B3, B5, B8, N28, B41 = 2100/1800/850/900/700/2500-2600 MHz respectively)
*Pseudo MVNO on 80% of CAT Telecom's 3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5 capacity[172]

32.0 (Q3/2021) True Corporation
China Mobile (18%)
3 Dtac or dtac

(Total Access Communication a member of Telenor group)

dtac-T

(dtac-Turbo) or (dtac-TOT) this is the co-resellers brands with the government's mobile operators “TOT Mobile” on 2300 mHz spectrums.

(dtac Trinet Network)

2G : GSM-1800 MHz
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1/B5/B8
4G  : FDD LTE : B1/B3/B28 TDD LTE : B40 
4.5G : LTE-A Pro Up to 3xCA on B40, 4x4MIMO, 256/64QAM, ULCA
4G Calling (VoLTE, ViLTE) : Supported 
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : Native device support and via WiFi calling app

5G : NR-NSA (EN-DC 3x)

FR1 : N28

FR2  : N258
(B1, B3, B5, B8, B28, B40 = 2100/1800/850/900/700/2300 MHz respectively)


*Pseudo MVNO on 60% of TOT's 4G : TDD LTE : B40 (B40: 2300 MHz) capacity[172]

19.3 (Q3/2021) Telenor (42.61%)
Thai Telco Holdings (15.03%)
Telephone Organization of Thailand (TOT) (5.58%)
4 MY 3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5
4G : FDD LTE : B1/B3 (Roaming on Truemove H, B8 prohibited)
4.5G : Up to 2xCA B1+B3, nationwide 4x4 MIMO on B3, 256/64QAM
4G Calling (VoLTE, ViLTE) : Unsupported

5G : NR

Low band : N28
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : No 
(B1, B3, B5 = 2100/1800/850 MHz respectively)

2.8 (EOY 2020) CAT Telecom
5 TOT 3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1
4G  : FDD LTE : B1

(B1 deployed on AIS' infrastructure.)
TDD LTE : B40 (B40: 2300 MHz) 4.5G  : LTE-A Pro Up to 3xCA on B40, 4x4MIMO, 256/64QAM (Using DTN's infrastructure.)

5G : 5G-NSA

mmWave : N258

0.533 (EOY 2020) TOT Public Company Limited
Mobile Virtual Network Operators
1 IEC3G Buzzme
(Host operator TOT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 Closed January 2019 Mobile 8 Telco Sdn Bhd.
2 i-Kool 3G
(Host operator TOT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 0.002251 Loxley Public Company Limited.
3 MyWorld 3G
(Host operator CAT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5 Closed Data CDMA Communication Co., Ltd.
4 Penguin
(Host operator CAT & TOT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1/B5 0.029690[173] The WhiteSpace Co.Ltd.
5 OPEN SIM i-mobile
(Host operator CAT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5 Closed June 2017[174] Samart Corporation Public Company Limited.
6 imobile-3GX
(Host operator CAT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5 Closed June 2017[174] Samart Corporation Public Company Limited.
7 168
(Host operator CAT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5 Closed 2018 168 Communication Co Ltd.
8 Mojo 3G
(Host operator TOT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 Closed January 2017[175] MConzult Asia Co., Ltd.
9 Tune Talk
(Host operator TOT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 2100 MHz Closed Loxley Public Company Limited (50%)
Tune Group Sdn Bhd (10%)
Thai AirAsia Co.,Ltd. (40%)
10 Feels
(Host operator TOT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 2100 MHz
4G : LTE-FDD : B1 2100 MHz
4.5G : TDD LTE : B40 2300 MHz
0.004574[176] (EOY 2020) Feels Telecom Corporation Co., Ltd.
11 AJ SIM
(Host operator TOT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 2100 MHz
4G : LTE-FDD : B1 2100 MHz
4.5G : TDD LTE : B40 2300 MHz
Launched November 2020[177] AJ Advance Technology Pcl.
12 Redone
(Host operator TOT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 2100 MHz
4G : LTE-FDD : B1 2100 MHz
4.5G : TDD LTE : B40 2300 MHz
Launched May 2021[178] Red One Network (Thailand) Co., Ltd

Timor-Leste[edit]

Mobile subscribers reach 1.54m at End-2017[179]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Telemor GSM-850 UMTS[180] LTE 0.726913[181] (End 2017) Viettel
2 Timor Telecom GSM-900 UMTS[182] LTE 0.620204[181] (Q2 2015) Timor Telecom
3 Telkomcel GSM-850 850 MHz UMTS[183] LTE 0.16[181] (Mid 2015) Telekomunikasi Indonesia International (TL) S.A.

Tonga[edit]

As of November 2007, Tonga has 0.03 million subscribers in total.[184]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Digicel 900 MHz GSM, GPRS
1800 MHz LTE
0.020[184] (November 2007) Digicel Group Ltd
2 TCC 900 MHz GSM, GPRS
UMTS
0.010[184] (November 2007) Tonga Government

Turkmenistan[edit]

As of 2012, Turkmenistan has 4.44 million subscribers in total or 88.8% penetration rate.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 TM CELL
(Altyn Asyr)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
LTE
3[185] (October 2012) TM CELL
2 AȘTU CDMA ETS 450 D 0.055 (August 2018)[186] Ashgabat City Telephone Network

Tuvalu[edit]

As of 2008, Tuvalu has 2,000 subscribers in total.[187]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 TTC 900 MHz GSM
LTE
0.002[187] (2008) TTC

Uzbekistan[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Uzbekistan was estimated at 81.205% over a population estimate of around 28.1 million.[188]

The country's telecom regulator is the Uzbekistan Communications and Information Agency's Board (CIAUz).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 UCell
(Formerly Coscom)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/2600 MHz LTE
7.6[189] (November 2010) State Competition Committee of Uzbekistan
2 Beeline GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
2600 MHz LTE
7.1[169] (May 2011) VEON
3 Mobi.UZ
(Formerly UMS)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE),
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800 MHz LTE
0.63[190] (June 2015) ООО Universal Mobile Systems
4 Uzmobile CdmaOne Not available Uzbektelecom
5 Perfectum CdmaOne Not Yet Available Perfectum

Vanuatu[edit]

As of 2008, Vanuatu has 36,000 subscribers in total.[191]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Telecom Vanuatu GSM-900 MHz 0.01[citation needed][as of?] Telecom Vanuatu Ltd
2 Digicel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSPA

700 MHz LTE

0.01[citation needed][as of?] Digicel Group Ltd
3 AIL GSM-900 MHz Not Yet Available ACeS International
4 WanTok 2300 MHz TDD-LTE Not Yet Available

Vietnam[edit]

As of May 2012, the penetration rate in Vietnam was estimated at 120% over a population estimate of around 91 million.[192]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Viettel Mobile GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
1900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
36.72[192] (May 2012) Viettel Corporation
2 MobiFone GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS

1800 MHz LTE

29.11[192] (May 2012) VMS (VNPT subsidiary)
3 Vinaphone GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

1800 MHz LTE

28.71[192] (May 2012) GPC (VNPT subsidiary)
4 Vietnamobile GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
10.0 (May 2012) Hanoi Telecom, Hutchison Asia Telecommunications Limited
5 Gmobile
(formerly Beeline)
GSM-1800 MHz 2 (May 2010)
GTEL Mobile Joint Stock Company

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

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