List of mobile network operators in Asia and Oceania

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of all mobile phone carriers in the Asia Pacific Region and their respective number of subscribers.

Afghanistan[edit]

The country's telecom regulator is the Afghanistan Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (ATRA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTN GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
6.2[1] (Q4 2020) MTN
2 Roshan GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
5.4[2] (Q4 2020) Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development (AKFED) 51%, Monaco Telecom International (MTI) 36.75%, TeliaSonera AB 12.25%
3 Etisalat Afghanistan GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS (3G), HSPA+ (3.75G), LTE (Under Trial)
5.4[1] (Q4 2020) Emirates Telecommunications Corporation
4 Afghan Wireless GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, LTE
3.7[1] (Q4 2020) Telephone Systems International
5 Salaam GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
2.0 (Q4 2020)

American Samoa[edit]

As of 2004, American Samoa has 32,000 subscribers in total,[3] or an 85% penetration rate.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Blue Sky Communications 850 MHz GSM
850 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

LTE

0.0320[3] (2012) Amper SpA
2 American Samoa Telecommunications Authority (ASTCA) 800 MHz CDMA2000/Evolution-Data OptimizedRev.A

LTE

Government of American Samoa

Australia[edit]

The country's telecom regulator is the Australian Communications and Media Authority (ACMA).

Rank Operator Technology[4] Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Telstra 850** MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+

700(28)/1800(3)/2100(1)/2600(7) MHz LTE, LTE-A, VoLTE
850(n5)/2600(n7)/3500(n78)MHz, 26 GHz (n258) 5G NR, VoNR
** 3G shutdown on band 850 MHz in June 2024[5]

21.7 (Dec 2022)[6] Telstra
2 Optus 900** MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+

700(28)/900(8)/1800(3)/2100(1)/2300(40)/2600(7) MHz LTE-A, VoLTE
900(n8)/2100(n1)/2300(n40)/3500(n78) MHz, 26 GHz (n258) 5G NR
** 3G shutdown on band 900 MHz in September 2024[7]

10.00 (Dec 2022)[8] Singtel
3 Vodafone AU

850(5)/1800(3)/2100(1) MHz LTE-A, VoLTE
700(n28)/3500(n78) MHz, 26 GHz (n258) 5G NR

5.26 (Dec 2022)[9] TPG Telecom

Bangladesh[edit]

The total number of Mobile Phone subscriptions in Bangladesh has reached 190.81 million at the end of December 2023. The country's telecom regulator is the Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission (BTRC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Grameenphone
  • 2G: GSM-900 /1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
  • 3G: 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ (3G is being discontinued on more than 32 districts out of 64 districts on Phase-1)
  • 4G:900(B8)/1800(B3)/2100(B1)/2500(B41) MHz TD-LTE,FDD-LTE,LTE-A Pro Up to 4xCA B1+B3+B8+B41
  • 4G Calling (VoLTE) : Supported
  • 5G: on Trial
  • eSIM : Available
  • RCS
82.20
2 Robi 58.67
3 Banglalink 43.48 VEON
4 Teletalk 6.46 State-owned

Bhutan[edit]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 B-Mobile GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
850 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.464(June 2021)[10] Bhutan Telecom Limited (BTL)
2 TashiCell GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
700 MHz LTE
0.275(June 2021)[10] Tashi Group

Bougainville[edit]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 PNG dataco GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
700 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available PNG DataCo Limited is a state owned entity, created in 2014 to provide wholesale services to the Information and Communication Industry, mandated to build, own and operate the National Transmission Network (NTN).

Brunei[edit]

As of December 2014, the penetration rate in Brunei was 114%,[11] over a population estimate of over 400,000.

The country's telecom regulator is the Authority for Info-communications Technology Industry (AITI).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Datastream Technology Sdn Bhd (DST) GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.32[12] Datastream Digital
2 Progresif Cellular Sdn Bhd (formerly B-mobile) 2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA, HSPA+ 0.15[13] Darussalam Assets Sdn Bhd

Cambodia[edit]

As of June 2013, the penetration rate in Cambodia was estimated at 69.318% over a population estimate of over 14.7 million.[14]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Metfone GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS)
UMTS, HSDPA

LTE

9 (2015)[15] Viettel Cambodia
2 Smart GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
8 {{[16]}} Axiata Group Berhad
3 Cellcard GSM-900 MHz
2100 MHz UMTS

LTE

2.5[17] (2010) The Royal Group[18]

China (mainland)[edit]

The country's telecom regulator is the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 China Mobile GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100(B1)/1800(B3)/900(B8) LTE
1900(B39)/2300(B40)/2600(B38,B41) MHz TD-LTE, VoLTE
700 MHz(N28)/2.6 GHz(N41)/4.7 GHz(N79) 5G NR
945.50[19] (June 2021) Government of China
2 China Telecom 850/2100 MHz CDMA2000 1xRTT EV-DO Rev 0, Rev A 850(B5)/1800(B3)/2100(B1) MHz LTE-A, VoLTE
3.5 GHz (N78) 5G NR
362.49[20] (June 2021) Government of China
3 China Unicom GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800(B3)/2100(B1) MHz LTE-A
3.5 GHz (N78) 5G NR
310.45[21] (June 2021) Government of China
4 China Broadnet 1800(B3)/900(B8) MHz LTE
1900(B39)/2300(B40)/2600(B38) MHz TD-LTE, VoLTE
700 MHz(N28)/2.6 GHz(N41)/4.7 GHz(N79) 5G NR
18[22] (September 2023) Government of China

Cook Islands[edit]

As of 2019, Cook Islands has 6,000 subscribers in total.[23]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Vodafone
(formerly Bluesky)
900 MHz GSM
UMTS
LTE
Not Yet Available Teleraro Limited (60%)[24]

Fiji[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Fiji was estimated at 79.957% over a population estimate of around 0.9 million.[25]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Vodafone 900 MHz GSM, GPRS, EDGE
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
0.730 (2017)[26] Amalgamated Telecom Holdings, 72.6% owned by the Fiji National Provident Fund[27] (51%)

Fiji National Provident Fund (49%)[28]

2 Digicel 900 MHz GSM, GPRS, EDGE
900 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
800/1800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available Digicel

French Polynesia[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in French Polynesia was estimated at 98.7% over a population estimate of around 268.000.[29]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 VINI 900 MHz GPRS, EDGE
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

800/2600 MHz LTE

0.112 (2023)[30] ONATi
2 Vodafone 900 MHz EDGE
900/2100 MHz UMTS

,HSDPA
800/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE-A 3.5 GHz (n78) 5G NR 5G-NSA

0.140[citation needed] Pacific Mobile Telecom
3 VITI WiMAX

800/2600 MHz LTE

Not Yet Available

Guam[edit]

As of 2012, Guam has 185,000[31] subscribers in total.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 IT&E and Iconnect 1900 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
700/1900 MHz LTE Advanced
Not Yet Available PTI Pacifica Inc.
2 Docomo Pacific CdmaOne
GSM-1900 MHz (GPRS)
850 MHz UMTS
700 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available NTT Docomo
3 GTA GSM-850/1900 MHz (GPRS)
850 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1700 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available TeleGuam Holdings LLC

Hong Kong[edit]

As of March 2020, the penetration rate in Hong Kong was estimated at 275% over a population estimate of over 7.521 million, with 23.21 million public mobile subscriptions.[32][33] Hong Kong's telecom regulator is the Office of the Communications Authority (OFCA).

As of March 2021, there were 24 registered Mobile Virtual Network Operators, apart from the 4 major mobile network operators in Hong Kong.[34][35]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 CMHK
(China Mobile Hong Kong)
GSM-1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900(B8)/1800(B3)/2100(B1)/2600(B7)/2300(B40) MHz LTE-A
2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78)/4.7 GHz(n79) 5G NR
5.000[36] (Jun 2021) China Mobile
2 HKT
(including csl, 1O1O, Club SIM and SUN Mobile)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78)/4.7 GHz(n79) 5G NR
4.477[37] (Jun 2021) PCCW Limited
3 3 Hong Kong 900 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900(B8)/1800(B3)/2100(B1)/2600(B7)/2300(B40) MHz LTE-A
700 MHz(n28)/2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78) 5G NR
3.279[38] (Dec 2020) Hutchison Telecom
4 SmarTone 850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900(B8)/1800(B3)/2100(B1)/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78) 5G NR
2.70[39] (Dec 2020) Sun Hung Kai Properties
Mobile virtual network operators
1 HKBN
(4G using CMHK or SmarTone;
5G using 3 Hong Kong)

Hong Kong Broadband Network Limited

2 Birdie (Using SmarTone) 850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A

Sun Hung Kai Properties

3 Mobile Duck (Using CMHK) GSM-1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600(B7)/2300(B40) MHz LTE-A
2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78)/4.7 GHz(n79) 5G NR

China Mobile

4 MO+ (Using 3 Hong Kong) 900 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600(B7)/2300(B40) MHz LTE-A
Hutchison Telecom
5 ValueGB (Using SmarTone) 850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
O.F.W. Services Limited
6 MB (Using CMHK) GSM-1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600(B7)/2300(B40) MHz LTE-A

Multibyte Info Technology Ltd

7 IMC (Using HKT) GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A

IMC Networks Limited

8 China Unicom (Using 3 Hong Kong) 900 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600(B7)/2300(B40) MHz LTE-A
700 MHz(n28)/2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78) 5G NR

China Unicom

9 CTExcel (Using HKT) GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
900/1800/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A

China Telecom

India[edit]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers[40]
(in millions)
Ownership
1

Jio

430.23 [40][42]

[43]

Jio Platforms

2

Airtel

370.91[40][45]

Bharti Airtel

3

Vi

236.75[40]

[50]

Government Of India (33.14%)
Vodafone Group Plc (32.30%)
Aditya Birla Group(18.10%)
Private Equity(15.97%)
ATC telecom infrastructure (3.18%)

4

BSNL

103.68[40][52]

Government of India

5

MTNL
(Areas: Mumbai, Delhi)

2.35

Government of India
Subsidiary of Bharat Sanchar Nigam Limited

Indonesia[edit]

Indonesia has 254.792 million subscribers in total[53] (April 2018), or a 142% penetration rate[54] (January 2017). The regulatory authority for telecommunication in Indonesia is the Ministry of Communication and Informatics, having taking over the roles from the Badan Regulasi Telekomunikasi Indonesia (Indonesia Telecommunication Regulatory Agency), which was dissolved in November 2021.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC / MNC
1 Telkomsel
(Include previous TelkomFlexi network)
2G : GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
4G : 900/1800/2100 MHz FDD-LTE, 2300 MHz TDD-LTE
5G : 1800(n3)/2300(n40) MHz NR

VoLTE: Available

174.9[55] (Q1 2022) Telkom Indonesia (69.9%)
Singtel (30.1%)[56]

51010

2 Indosat Ooredoo Hutchison
(Include previous Satelindo, Indosat-M3, 3 and StarOne network)
2G : GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
4G : 900/1800/2100 MHz FDD-LTE, LTE-A
5G : 1800(n3) MHz NR

VoLTE: Available

eSIM : Available

102.2[57] (Q4 2022) Ooredoo Hutchison Asia (65%)

Government of Indonesia (9.6%)
Public (14%)

51001, 51021 and 51089
3 XL Axiata
(Include previous Axis network)
2G : GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)

4G : 900/1800/2100 MHz FDD-LTE, LTE-A
5G : 2100(n1)/1800(n3) MHz NR

VoLTE: Available

eSIM  : Available

57.5[58] (Q4 2022) Axiata Group Berhad (66.25%)

51011

4 Smartfren
(Include previous Esia and Mobile-8 network)
4G : 850 MHz FDD-LTE

4G : 2300 MHz TDD-LTE

VoLTE: Available

eSIM  : Available

35.5[59] (Q3 2022) Sinar Mas[60]

51009 and 51028

Mobile Virtual Network Operators
1 by.U
(using Telkomsel)
N/A N/A Telkomsel
2 Power Up
(using Smartfren)
N/A N/A Smartfren

Japan[edit]

As of May 2020, Japan has 182.15 million subscribers in total,[61] or a 144.61% penetration rate.[62]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 NTT Docomo 800(B6)/2100(B1) MHz UMTS, HSPA
700(B28)/800(B19)/1500(B21)/1800(B3)/2100(B1) MHz LTE
Wideband LTE Advanced
3500(B42) MHz TD-LTE, LTE-A
3.5(n78)/4.9(n79) GHz 5G NR
82.632[61] (Mar 2021) NTT
2 au 850/2100 MHz CDMA2000, 1xRTT, EV-DO
700(B28)/800(B18)/1500(B11)/1800(B3)/2100(B1) MHz LTE
2500(B41)/3500(B42) MHz TD-LTE

3.5(n78)/3.7(n77) GHz 5G NR

60.398[61] (Mar 2021) KDDI
3 SoftBank Corp.
& Ymobile
900(B8)/2100(B1) MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700(B28)/900(B8)/1500(B11)/1800(B3)/2100(B1) MHz LTE
2500(B41)/3500(B42) MHz TD-LTE

3.7(n77) GHz 5G NR

45.621[61] (Mar 2021) SoftBank Group (99.99%)[63]
4 Rakuten Mobile[64] 1800(B3) MHz LTE

3.5(n77) GHz 5G NR

N/A Rakuten
Mobile Virtual Network Operators
1 Disney Mobile
(using SoftBank Mobile)
UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSDPA
TD-LTE
N/A SoftBank / The Walt Disney Company
2 b-mobile
(using NTT Docomo)
2100/800 MHz UMTS, HSPA
800/1500/2100 MHz LTE
N/A Japan Communications Inc.
3 IIJmio Internet Initiative Japan

Kazakhstan[edit]

As of October 2021, the penetration rate in Kazakhstan was estimated at 131.09% over a population estimate of around 19.08 million, with 25.012 million mobile subscriptions.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC/MNC
1 Beeline
(including izi)
900 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
VoLTE
9.8[65] (October 2021) VEON 40101
2 Kcell 900 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
700/3500 MHz 5G NR
7.957[66] (Sep 2021) Kazakhtelecom (51%), Jusan Bank [ru] (24%),[67] free float (25%) 40102
3 Tele2
(including Altel [ru])
900 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ (disabled in Almaty)[68]
1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
700/3500 MHz 5G NR
VoLTE
7.255[69] (Dec 2019) Kazakhtelecom 40177
Mobile virtual network operators
1 izi
(using Beeline)[70]
GSM, UMTS, LTE ? VEON
2 Forte Mobile
(using Beeline)[71]
GSM, UMTS, LTE ? ForteBank [ru]
3 Jusan Mobile
(using Tele2)[72]
GSM, UMTS, LTE, 5G NR ? Jusan Bank [ru]
4 Five Mobile
(using Tele2)[73]
5G NR ? Tele2

Kyrgyzstan[edit]

As of 2008, Kyrgyzstan has 6.6 million subscribers in total, a 120% penetration rate.[74]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC/MNC
1 MegaCom GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+

800/1800/2100 MHz LTE

2.7[74] (2012) JSC Alpha Telecom 43705
2 Beeline GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
2.4[74] (Aug 2012) Sky Mobile Ltd. (VEON) 43701
3 Fonex CDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ 0.42[75] (2008) Aktel Ltd. 43703
4 O! GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800/2600 MHz LTE
0.9[74] NUR Telecom Ltd. 43709
5 Katel TDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ 0.1[75] (2008) KATEL
6 Nexi CDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ 0.049[75] (2008) SoTel
7 Sapat Mobile CDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ 0.011[75] (2008) Winline Ltd.
8 iTel 43711
9 Saima Telecom 43710

Laos[edit]

As of 2012, Laos mobile penetration was 70.86% with 4.841 millions subscriptions.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Unitel GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA

1800 MHz LTE[76]

2.705[citation needed] Lao Asia Telecommunication State Enterprise (LAT) (51%), Viettel Global (49%)[77]
2 Lao Telecom GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA (14.4 Mbit/s)

2600 MHz LTE[78]

1.291[citation needed] Government of Lao P.D.R. (51%), Shennington Investments (Thaicom) (49%)[79]
3 TPLUS GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+ (21 Mbit/s)
WiMAX
0.289[80] Government of Lao P.D.R. (100%)[80]
4 ETL GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+ (21 Mbit/s)
0.439 Jiafu Holdings (51%)
Government of Lao P.D.R. (49%)[81]

Macau[edit]

As of December 2016, Macau had about 1.969 million subscribers in total.[82] Macau's telecom regulator is Direcção dos Serviços de Correios e Telecomunicações (DSRT).

As of April 2024, CTM is the only carrier to offer eSIM. 3 Macau is the only carrier to offer VoWiFi. SmarTone MAC is the only carrier not yet to offer VoLTE. [83]

Rank Operator Technology[84] Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 CTM 2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
900/1800/2100/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
700/2100/3500/4900 MHz 5G NR
0.954[85] (By the end of 2021) CITIC Telecom International (99%)
Correios de Macau (1%)
2 China Telecom 800 MHz CDMA, CDMA2000, 1x-EVDO
850/1800/2100 MHz LTE[86]
700/2100/3500/4900 MHz 5G NR
(Information not available) [87] Government of China
3 3 Macau 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
900[88]/1800 MHz LTE[86]
(Information not available)[89][90][91] Hutchison Telecom
4 SmarTone MAC 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE[92]
(Information not available)[93][90] Sun Hung Kai Properties

Malaysia[edit]

As of March 2014, the penetration rate in Malaysia was estimated at 144.2%.[94]

The country's telecom regulator is the Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 CelcomDigi 2G: 900, 1800 MHz (EDGE)

4G: 900(B8), 1800(B3), 2100(B1), 2600(B7) MHz (LTE, LTE-A)
5G: Uses DNB 5G NSA

VoLTE, VoWiFi, eSIM

20.55 [95] (Q4 2023) Major shareholders:

Axiata Group Berhad (33.1%)
Telenor (33.1%)
Employees Provident Fund (Malaysia) (9%)[96]

2 Maxis 2G: 900, 1800 MHz (EDGE)

4G: 900(B8), 1800(B3), 2100(B1), 2600(B7) MHz (LTE, LTE-A)

VoLTE, VoWiFi, eSIM

5G: Uses DNB 5G NSA

12.636[97] (Q4 2023) Major shareholders:

BGSM Equity (62%) (itself co-owned by Ananda Krishnan via Usaha Tegas (37%), Harapan Nusantara ("a discretionary trust for bumiputra object(ives)")[98] (30%), Saudi Telecom Company (25%) [99]

3 U Mobile 2G: Uses celcom 2G nationwide

4G: 900(B8),1800(B3),2100(B1),2600(B7)MHz (LTE-A)
5G: Uses DNB 5G NSA

VoLTE, VoWiFi, eSIM

8.5 (2023) ST Telemedia (35%)
U Television Sdn Bhd (21%)
Ibrahim Ismail of Johor (15%)
MPHB Capital Bhd (6%)
4 Yes 4G: 800(B20), 2300(B40), 2600(B38) MHz (LTE, LTE-A)

VoLTE, VoWiFi
5G: Uses DNB 5G NSA

1.7 [100] (Mar 2022) YTL Communications (a unit of publicly-listed YTL Corporation)
5 Unifi Mobile 2G: Uses maxis 2G nationwide
4G: 850(B5), 2300(B40), 2600(B38) MHz (LTE, LTE-A)

VoLTE, VoWiFi
• Uses maxis 4G on the area out of its own 4G network coverage

5G: Uses DNB 5G NSA

1.0 [101] (Jun 2022) Telekom Malaysia
6 Digital Nasional Berhad (DNB)

(Malaysia 5G Single Wholesale Network)

700 MHz(B28) LTE (for NSA 5G anchor)
3500 MHz(N77/78) 5G NR
Ministry of Finance (Malaysia)
-no nationwide network Redtone 2300 MHz WiMAX (East Malaysia only)
-lease 2600 MHz spectrum to Maxis
Berjaya Corporation Berhad
-no nationwide network ALTEL -lease 2600 MHz spectrum to Digi and Celcom
-uses Celcom 2G/4G network
-Private LTE
Puncak Semangat Sdn Bhd (owned by Syed Mokhtar Al-Bukhary).


Mobile Virtual Network Operators
1 XOX
(uses Celcom)
1.7[102] (Mac 2017) XOX
2 TuneTalk
(uses Celcom)
1.5[103] (August 2014) Tune Ventures(35.75%)
Celcom(35%)
3 redONE
(uses Celcom)
1.2[104][105] (March 2019) Redtone International
4 Merchantrade
(uses Celcom)
0.3[106] (3Q 2012) Celcom
Sumitomo Corporation
5 SpeakOut
(uses DiGi)
Pavo Communications
6 MY Evolution
(uses DiGi)
M2M services in Asia[107]
7 Telin Malaysia (Kartu As)
(uses U Mobile)
Telin Malaysia. Telin Malaysia is a joint venture (JV) company between Compudyne Telecommunication Systems Sdn. Bhd and PT Telin, a company fully owned by PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia (Telkom).[108]
8 mCalls
(uses DiGi)
Partnership between Pavo Communications and DiGi.[109]

Maldives[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Maldives was estimated at 116.456% over a population estimate of around 0.4 million.[110]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Dhiraagu GSM-900 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS,HSPA+
LTE
0.350[111] (October 2012) Dhiraagu
2 Ooredoo Maldives GSM-900 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS,

DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE

0.272[112] (Q2 2014) Ooredoo

Marshall Islands[edit]

As of 2008, Marshall Islands has 1000 subscribers in total.[113]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 NTA GSM-900 UMTS

LTE

0.0007[113] (2008) MINTA

Micronesia, Federated States of[edit]

As of 2008, Federated States of Micronesia has 34,000 subscribers in total.[114]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 FSM Telecom GSM-900 UMTS 0.0274[114] (2008) FSMTC

Mongolia[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Mongolia was estimated at 80.120% over a population estimate of around 3.1 million.[115]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Mobicom GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+

700/1800 MHz LTE[116]

1.7[117] (June 2014) KDDI, Sumitomo Corporation, Newcom Group
2 Unitel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+

1800 MHz LTE

1.54[118] (June 2014) MCS Group
3 Skytel CdmaOne
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0.6[118] (June 2014) Altai Holdings, Shunkhlai Group
4 G-Mobile CdmaOne
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0.47[118] (June 2014)

Myanmar[edit]

As of January 2019, the penetration rate in Myanmar was estimated at 105% over a population estimate of around 54 million.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MPT 450/800 MHz CDMA, CDMA2000 1x-EVDO
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
22 (October 2018)[119] State-owned, KDDI, Sumitomo Corporation
2 ATOM
(Formerly Telenor)
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
17.183 (October 2020)[119] M1 Group
3 Ooredoo GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
14.839 (May 2020)[119] Nine communications
4 Mytel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
6 (June 2019)[119] Viettel (49%)
Star High Telecom (28%)
Myanmar National Telecom Holding (23%)[119]

Nauru[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Nauru was estimated at 42.909% over a population estimate of around 9,000 people.[120] The World Factbook shows 6,700 subscribers in 2011.[121]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Digicel GSM-900 UMTS

LTE

0.007 Digicel Pacific Ltd.

Nepal[edit]

As of August 2017, the penetration rate in Nepal was estimated at 130.24% over a population estimate of around 26.5 million.[122]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Nepal Telecom
900 MHz, 1800 MHz GSM, GPRS
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, 3G, 4G, HSPA+
800 MHz & 1800 MHz
LTE-1800 MHz[123] VoLTE, LTE-A
21.5684[124] (April 2023) Nepal Doorsanchar Company Ltd.
2 Ncell GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS, 3G, 4G, HSDPA
LTE-1800 MHz
17.3068[124] (April 2023) Axiata Group Berhad (80%)
3 SmartCell 3G, 4G, GSM 900/1800
GPRS 900/2100
LTE-1800 MHz (Testing)
2.4121[124] (April 2023) Smart Telecom

New Caledonia[edit]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Mobilis 900 MHz GSM
2100 MHz UMTS
800/1800/2600 MHz LTE
0.244[125] (2012) Office des Postes et Télécommunications de Nouvelle-Calédonie

New Zealand[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in New Zealand was estimated at 124.326% over a population estimate of around 4.3 million.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 One NZ
(formerly Vodafone NZ, BellSouth)
900 MHz GSM, GPRS
900 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/900/1800/2100/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2.538 (July 2019)[126][127] Infratil Limited
2 Spark
(formerly Telecom)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/1800/2100/2300/2600 MHz LTE, LTE-A
2.46 (May 2019)[128] Public (NZX: SPK)
3 2degrees 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/900/1800/2100 MHz LTE, LTE-A
1.41 (May 2019)[128] Voyage Australia Pty Limited[129]
Mobile virtual network operators
? Compass Mobile
(using Spark)[130]
UMTS, HSPA, LTE ? Compass Communications
? Orcon Mobile
(using 2degrees, formerly used Spark[131])
UMTS, HSPA, LTE ? Voyage Australia Pty Limited
? Slingshot Mobile
(using Spark)
UMTS, HSPA, LTE ? Voyage Australia Pty Limited
? Skinny
(using Spark)
UMTS, HSPA, LTE ? Spark (NZX: SPK)
? Warehouse Mobile[132]
(using 2degrees)
UMTS, HSPA, LTE ? The Warehouse Group (NZX: TWG)
? Kogan Mobile
(using One NZ)
UMTS, HSPA, LTE ? Kogan.com (ASX: KGN)

Niue[edit]

As of 2008, Niue has about 385 subscribers in total, a 25% penetration rate.[133]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Telecom Niue 900 MHz GSM[134]
700 MHz LTE[135]
0.000385[133] (2008) Telecom Niue

Norfolk Island[edit]

As of October 2008, Norfolk Island has 131 subscribers in total, a 6.5% penetration rate.[136]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Norfolk Telecom 900 MHz UMTS
700 MHz LTE
0.000131[136] (October 2008) Norfolk Telecom

North Korea[edit]

As of March 2011 North Korea has over a million subscribers in total.[137]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Koryolink 2100 MHz UMTS 3.8[138] (end 2015) Global Telecom Holding S.A.E. (75%)
Korea Post and Telecommunications Corporation (25%)
2 Kangsong NET 2100 MHz UMTS
LTE
Not Yet Available Ministry of Information Industry

Northern Mariana Islands[edit]

As of 2004, the Northern Mariana Islands have 20,500[139] subscribers in total.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Docomo Pacific CdmaOne
GSM-1900 MHz (GPRS)
UMTS

LTE

Not Yet Available NTT Docomo
2 IT&E CdmaOne
GSM-850
UMTS, HSPA+
700 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available IT&E Overseas Inc

Pakistan[edit]

As of February 2024, Pakistan has 191.46 million subscribers in total with a mobile density of 79.51%.[140]

The country's telecom regulator is the PTA (Pakistan Telecommunication Authority).

Mainland Pakistan
Rank Operator MCC/MNC Tuple Technology Subscribers

(in millions)

Ownership
1 Jazz

(PMCL - Pakistan Mobile Communications Limited)

410 / 01

410 / 07

2G: 900 / 1800 MHz (EDGE)

3G: 900 / 2100 MHz (DC-HSPA+)

4G: 900 (B8) / 1800 (B3) / 2100 (B1) MHz (LTE/LTE-A)

71.57 VEON Ltd. (100%)
2 Zong

(CMPak Limited)

410 / 06 2G: 900 / 1800 MHz (EDGE)

3G: 2100 MHz (DC-HSPA+)

4G: 900 (B8) / 1800 (B3) / 2100 (B1) MHz (LTE/LTE-A)

47.81 China Mobile Limited (100%)
3 Telenor Pakistan 410 / 04 2G: 900 MHz (EDGE)

3G: 850 / 2100 MHz (HSPA+)

4G: 850 (B5) / 1800 (B3) MHz (LTE/LTE-A)

44.82 Telenor ASA (100%)
4 Ufone

(PTML - Pak Telecommunication Mobile Limited)

410 / 03 2G: 900 MHz (EDGE)

3G: 900 / 2100 MHz (HSPA+)

4G: 1800 (B3) MHz (LTE)

25.51 Government of Pakistan (62%)

Etisalat by e& (26%) General public (12%)

Mobile Virtual Network Operators (MVNOs)
1 Onic

(Ufone MVNO)[141]

410 / 03 2G: 900 MHz (EDGE)

3G: 900 / 2100 MHz (HSPA+)

4G: 1800 (B3) MHz (LTE)

N/A Ufone
AJK and Gilgit-Baltistan
1 SCO

(Special Communications Organization)

Roams on Ufone in Mainland Pakistan

410 / 05 2G: 900 MHz (EDGE)

3G: 2100 MHz (HSPA+)

4G: 1800 (B3) MHz (LTE)

1.76 Government of Pakistan, MoITT

Palau[edit]

As of 2016, Palau has 23,743 subscribers in total.[142]

Rank Operator MCC/MNC Technology Subscribers Ownership
1 PalauCel 552-01 2G: EDGE 900 MHz

3G: UMTS 900 MHz (Band 8)

4G: LTE 700 MHz (Band 28)[143]

23,743 (2016) Palau National Communications Corporation (PNCC)

Papua New Guinea[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Papua New Guinea was estimated at 47.595% over a population estimate of around 6.2 million.[144]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Digicel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
700 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available Digicel
2 BMobile GSM-900(GPRS)
900 MHz UMTS
Not Yet Available Pacific Mobile Communications
3 Telikom PNG 850 MHz UMTS ,HSDPA

1800 MHz LTE

Not Yet Available Telikom (PNG) LTD

Philippines[edit]

As of 1 August 2023, the total number of subscribers in the Philippines was estimated at 113.97 million, a stark contrast from the 167.9 million before the mandatory sim card registration in the country.

The country's telecom regulator is the National Telecommunications Commission (NTC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Smart Communications 2G : GSM 900(B8)/1800(B3) (GPRS, EDGE)
3G : 850(B5)/900(B8)/2100(B1) MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
4G : 700(B28)/850(B5)/1800(B3)/2100(B1) MHz FDD-LTE,2300(B40)/2500(B41)/3400(B42) TDD-LTE, LTE, LTE-A, WiMAX
5G : 3500(n78)/2500(n41)/700(n28) MHz 5G NR

VoLTE, VoWIFI, ViLTE  : available for postpaid, request activation for prepaid subscribers

eSIM  : available on postpaid and prepaid subscribers

55.2 (December 6, 2023)[145] PLDT
(NTT docomo)
2 Globe Telecom 2G : GSM 900(B8)/1800(B3) (GPRS, EDGE)
3G : 900(B8)/2100(B1) MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
4G : 700(B28)/900(B8)/1800(B3)/2100(B1) MHz FDD-LTE, 2300(B40)/2500(B41)/2600(B38) MHz TDD-LTE,
WiMAX, LTE, LTE-A
5G : 3500(n78) MHz 5G NR

VoLTE, VoWIFI  : currently available on postpaid and selected prepaid subscribers

eSIM  : available on postpaid and prepaid subscribers

54.7 (December 6, 2023)[146] Ayala Corporation (13.20%)
Singtel (20.10%)
Asiacom Philippines, Inc. (50.85%)
Directors, Officers, ESOP (0.19%)
Public Stock (15.66%)
3 Dito Telecommunity 4G : 700(B28)/2000(B34)/2100(B1)/2500(B41)/3300(B52) MHz LTE, LTE-A
5G : 3500(n78) MHz 5G NR


VoLTE, ViLTE

VoWIFI  : currently available on selected supported devices

10.00 (December 6, 2023)[147] Dito CME Holdings Corporation (60%)
China Telecommunications Corporation (40%)
4 Now Telecom 800 MHz N/A (will begin commercial operations by 2024) Now Corporation (30%)
Mobile Virtual Network Operators
1 TNT
(using Smart)
VoLTE, VoWIFI, ViLTE  : Available, need to request activation to use... - Smart Communications
2 TM
(using Globe)
VoLTE, VoWIFI  : currently available on selected prepaid subscribers - Globe Telecom
3 GOMO
(using Globe)
- - Globe Telecom

Samoa[edit]

As of January 2021, Samoa had 146,300 subscribers in total, a 73.4% penetration rate.[148]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Vodafone Samoa
(formerly Bluesky Samoa)
900 MHz GSM
1800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available
2 Digicel 900 MHz GSM, GPRS, EDGE,
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available Digicel

Singapore[edit]

As of December 2022, the penetration rate in Singapore was estimated at 165.9% over a population estimate of around 5.97 million.[149]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Singtel Mobile
with digital sub-brands GOMO and heya
3G : 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A
5G : 2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78) 5G NR-NSA/SA

VoLTE, VoWiFi

eSIM  : Available (as Singtel NumberShare service for selected wearables)

4.3[150] (March 2023) Temasek Holdings
2 M1
with a digital sub-brand M1 MAXX
3G : 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
4G : 900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
5G : 2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78) 5G NR-SA

VoLTE, VoWiFi, VoNR

eSIM  : Available

2.29[151] (June 2023) Keppel Corporation

SPH

3 StarHub
with a digital sub-brand giga!
3G : 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A
5G : 2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78) 5G NR-SA

VoLTE, VoWiFi, VoNR

eSIM  : Available (as StarHub NumberShare service for selected wearables)

2.17[152] (March 2023) ST Telemedia
Ooredoo
NTT docomo
4 SIMBA
(formerly TPG Mobile)
4G : 900(B8)/2300(B40)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A[153] [154]
5G : 2.1 GHz(n1) 5G NR-NSA/SA [155]

VoLTE

eSIM  : Available

0.69[156] (January 2023) TUAS Limited
5 GRID Communications 806-821/851-866 MHz iDEN N/A GRID Communications Pte Ltd
Mobile virtual network operators
1 Circles.Life (Using M1) 3G : 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
4G : 1800(B3)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE-A
5G : 2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78) 5G NR-SA

VoLTE

eSIM  : Available

0.26 (End 2018) Liberty Wireless Pte Ltd
2 Zero1

(Using Singtel)

3G : 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A
5G : 2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78) 5G NR-NSA
Zero1
3 MyRepublic (Using StarHub for its 5G plans; Using M1 for its 4G plans) StarHub:

3G : 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A
5G : 2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78) 5G NR-SA

VoLTE

eSIM  : Available

M1:

3G : 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
4G : 1800(B3)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE-A

VoLTE

eSIM  : Available

0.07 (May2021)[157] MyRepublic[158]
4 redONE

(Using StarHub)

3G : 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A

VoLTE

Redtone International
5 VIVIFI

(Using Singtel)

3G : 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A
5G : 2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78) 5G NR-NSA
ICYMI Pte Ltd
6 Geenet Mobile (Using M1) 3G : 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
4G : 1800(B3)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE-A

VoLTE

Geenet Pte Ltd
7 China Mobile CMLink SG (Using Singtel) 3G : 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A
5G : 2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78) 5G NR-NSA
China Mobile International
8 Changi Mobile (Using M1) 3G : 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
4G : 1800(B3)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE-A

VoLTE

Changi Recommends
9 ZYM

(Using Singtel)

3G : 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/2100(B1)/2600(B38) MHz LTE-A
5G : 2.1 GHz(n1)/3.5 GHz(n78) 5G NR-NSA
mDR Limited
10 ZΩH (Using M1) 3G : 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
4G : 1800(B3)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE-A

VoLTE

Lifeway Singapore

Solomon Islands[edit]

As of 2008, Solomon Islands has 30,000 subscribers in total.[159]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Our Telekom 900/1800 MHz GSM
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
LTE
0.03[159] (2008) Solomon Telekom Company Limited

South Korea[edit]

As of October 2023, South Korea has 82.2 million subscribers in total or a 158.9% penetration rate.[160][161]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 SK Telecom 3G: 2100 MHz (B1) UMTS
4G: 850(B5)/1800(B3)/2100(B1)/2600(B7) MHz

LTE-FDD, LTE-A Pro with VoLTE
5G: 3500 MHz (n78)

31.230[160] (Q4 2023) SK Group
2 LG U+
(formerly LG Telecom)
4G: 850(B5)/2100(B1)/2600(B7) MHz LTE-FDD with VoLTE
5G: 3500 MHz (n78)
18.411[160] (Q4 2023) LG Corporation
3 KT
(formerly olleh, KTF)
3G: 2100 MHz (B1) UMTS
4G: 900(B8)/1800(B3)/2100(B1) MHz LTE-FDD, LTE-A Pro with VoLTE
5G: 3500 MHz (n78)
17.155[160] (Q4 2023) KT Corporation
4 STAGE X 5G: 28000 MHz (n257) N/A Stage Five Corp.

Sri Lanka[edit]

Sri Lanka has 29 million subscribers in total, or a 131.5% penetration rate.[162] (December 2023)

The country's telecom regulator is Telecommunications Regulatory Commission of Sri Lanka (TRCSL).

Rank Operator Technology[163] Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership MCC/MNC Tuple
1 Dialog
(Formerly MTN Network)
2G : GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)

3G: Discontinued on November 15, 2023[164]
4G : 900(B8), 1800(B3), 2100(B1), 2600(B7) MHz LTE-A
4G Calling (VoLTE) : Supported[165]
5G: 3.5(n78) GHz 5G NR (Trial)[166][167]

5G Calling (VoNR): (Trial)
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : Supported[168]
eSIM  : Available[169]

17.4[170] (Q4 2022) Axiata Group Berhad (83.32%) 413-02
2 SLTMobitel
(Formerly Mobitel)
2G : GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 850(B5), 1800(B3), 2100(B1) MHz LTE-A
4G Calling (VoLTE) : Supported 
5G: 3.5(n78) GHz 5G NR (Trial)[171]
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : Supported
eSIM  : Available[172]
7.7[173] (Q4 2022) Sri Lanka Telecom PLC (100%) 413-01
3 Hutch
•Includes the previous Etisalat network.[174]
2G : GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4G : 900(B8), 1800(B3) MHz LTE-FDD[175]
4G Calling (VoLTE) : Supported 
5G: 3.5(n78) GHz 5G NR (Trial)[176]
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : Not supported
eSIM  : Available[177]
4.0[178] (Q4 2022) CK Hutchison Holdings Limited (85%)[174]
Emirates Telecommunication Group Company PJSC (15%)
413-08
4 Airtel 2G : GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
4G : 850(B5), 2100(B1), 2600(B7) MHz LTE-FDD[179]
4G Calling (VoLTE) : Supported
5G: 3.5(n78) GHz 5G NR (Trial)[180]
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : Not supported
eSIM  : Not available
2.9[181] (Q1 2022) Bharti Airtel Limited (100%) 413-05

Note:

Taiwan[edit]

As of June 2011, the penetration rate in Taiwan was estimated at 105.354% over a population estimate of around 23 million.[182]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers

(in millions)

Ownership
1 Chunghwa Telecom
中華電信
3G : 2100/900 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+
4G : 2100(B1)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/900(B8) MHz LTE, LTE-A Pro, DL up to 5CA, UL 256-QAM
5G Sub-6 : 2100(n1)/3500(n78) MHz 5G NR-NSA, NR DL up to 2CA (NR-SA on trial)
5G mmWave : 28000(n257) MHz 5G NR-NSA (Trial)
VoLTE/EVS: Available
VoWiFi: Available
eSIM: Available
*4G and 5G networks share 2100 MHz spectrum via DSS
*3G network is expected to shut down in June 2024
11.241[183]
(Jan 2024)
Republic of China Ministry of Transportation and Communications (35.29%)
2 Taiwan Mobile
台灣大哥大
3G : 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+
4G : 2100(B1)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/900(B8)/700(B28) MHz LTE, LTE-A Pro, DL up to 4CA
5G Sub-6 : 700(n28)/3500(n78) MHz 5G NR-NSA (NR-SA on trial)
5G mmWave : 28000(n257) MHz 5G NR-NSA (Trial)
VoLTE: Available
VoWiFi: Available
eSIM: Available
*4G and 5G networks share 700 MHz spectrum via DSS
*3G network is expected to shut down in June 2024
9.495[183]
(Jan 2024)
Fubon Group
3 Far EasTone
遠傳電信
3G: 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
4G: 2100(B1)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/700(B28)/2600(B38)) MHz LTE, LTE-A Pro, DL up to 4CA
5G Sub-6: 700(n28)/3500(n78) MHz 5G NR-NSA (NR-SA on trial)
5G mmWave: 28000(n257) MHz 5G NR-NSA (Trial)
VoLTE: Available
VoWiFi: Available
eSIM: Available
*4G and 5G networks share 700 MHz spectrum via DSS
*3G network is expected to shut down in June 2024
9.075[183]
(Jan 2024)
Far Eastern Group
Mobile virtual network operators
1 Circles.Life (Using Chunghwa) 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+

2100(B1)/900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7) MHz LTE

Liberty Wireless Pte Ltd
2 Ibon Mobile (Using FarEasTone) 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

2100(B1)/1800(B3)/2600(B7)/700(B28)/2600(B38) MHz LTE

7-Eleven
3 Line Mobile (Using Chunghwa Telecom) 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+

2100(B1)/900(B8)/1800(B3)/2600(B7) MHz LTE
2100(n1)/3500(n78)/28000(n257) MHz 5G NR-NSA

LINE Corporation

• Taiwan’s mobile operators shut down 2G network on 30 June 2017
Taiwan Mobile has merged with T Star on 1 December 2023
Far EasTone has merged with Aisa Pacific Telecom(GT) on 15 December 2023

Tajikistan[edit]

Tajikistan has an estimated 4.5 million subscribers in total, a 42% penetration rate.[184]

The Telecom Regulator is the Communications Regulatory Agency (CRA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Tcell GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800 MHz LTE
3.301[185] (2013) Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development (100%)[186]
2 Babilon-Mobile GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800/2100 MHz LTE
0.8[187] (March 2008)
3 ZET Mobile
(Formerly Beeline)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0.836[188] (May 2011) ZET Mobile Ltd. (100%)[189]
4 MegaFon GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0.517[188] (May 2011) MegaFon (75%)

Thailand[edit]

As of December 2020, the mobile penetration rate in Thailand was 135% over a population of around 69.71 million.[190]
The regulatory authority for telecommunication in Thailand is the National Broadcasting and Telecommunications Commission (NBTC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 True
• Includes Truemove-H and dtac
(with a digital sub-brand FINN Mobile)
2G : GSM-900 MHz

3G : UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ : B1/B5/B8
4G : LTE LTE-A : B1/B3/B8/B28/B40/B41

4.5G : LTE-A Pro Up to 3xCA B1+B3+B8, nationwide 4x4MIMO, 64QAM
5G : NR-NSA, NR-SA

FR1 : FDD: n1/n28 TDD: n41  

FR2 : n258

(B1, B3, B5, B8, B28, B41, N258 = 2100/1800/850/900/700/2600 MHz/26 GHz respectively)
* MVNO on 80% of CAT Telecom's 3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5 capacity[191]

51.1

(Q2/2023)

True Corporation
2 AIS or Advanced Info Service 2G : GSM-900 MHz
3G : UMTS/WCDMA: B1
4G  : FDD LTE: B1/B3/B8 TDD LTE: B41
4.5G : LTE-A Pro Up to 3xCA B1+B3+B8, nationwide 4x4MIMO, 256/64QAM, ULCA
4G Calling (VoLTE, ViLTE) : Supported 
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : Native device support and via WiFi calling app

5G : NR-NSA (EN-DC option 3x), NR-SA

FR1 : FDD: n28 TDD: n41

FR2 : n258
(B1, B3, B8, B28, B41, n258 = 2100/1800/900/700/2600 MHz/26 GHz respectively)

45.3 (Q2/2023) Intouch Holdings
3 my by NT 3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5
4G : FDD LTE : B1/B3 (Roaming on Truemove H, B8 prohibited)
4.5G : Up to 2xCA B1+B3, nationwide 4x4 MIMO on B3, 256/64QAM
4G Calling (VoLTE, ViLTE) : Unsupported

5G : NR

Low band : n28
Wi-Fi Calling (VoWiFi)  : No 
(B1, B3, B5 = 2100/1800/850 MHz respectively)

2.8 (EOY 2020) CAT Telecom
4 NT Mobile (formerly TOT Mobile) 3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1
4G  : FDD LTE : B1

(B1 deployed on AIS' infrastructure.)
TDD LTE : B40 (B40: 2300 MHz) 4.5G  : LTE-A Pro Up to 3xCA on B40, 4x4MIMO, 256/64QAM (Using DTN's infrastructure.)

5G : 5G-NSA

mmWave : n258

0.533 (EOY 2020) TOT Public Company Limited
Mobile Virtual Network Operators
1 IEC3G Buzzme
(Host operator TOT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 Closed January 2019 Mobile 8 Telco Sdn Bhd.
2 i-Kool 3G
(Host operator TOT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 0.002251 Loxley Public Company Limited.
3 MyWorld 3G
(Host operator CAT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5 Closed Data CDMA Communication Co., Ltd.
4 Penguin
(Host operator CAT & TOT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1/B5 0.029690[192] The WhiteSpace Co.Ltd.
5 OPEN SIM i-mobile
(Host operator CAT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5 Closed June 2017[193] Samart Corporation Public Company Limited.
6 imobile-3GX
(Host operator CAT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5 Closed June 2017[193] Samart Corporation Public Company Limited.
7 168
(Host operator CAT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B5 Closed 2018 168 Communication Co Ltd.
8 Mojo 3G
(Host operator TOT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 Closed January 2017[194] MConzult Asia Co., Ltd.
9 Tune Talk
(Host operator TOT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 2100 MHz Closed Loxley Public Company Limited (50%)
Tune Group Sdn Bhd (10%)
Thai AirAsia Co., Ltd. (40%)
10 Feels
(Host operator TOT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 2100 MHz
4G : LTE-FDD : B1 2100 MHz
4.5G : TDD LTE : B40 2300 MHz
0.004574[191] (EOY 2020) Feels Telecom Corporation Co., Ltd.
11 AJ SIM
(Host operator TOT)
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 2100 MHz
4G : LTE-FDD : B1 2100 MHz
4.5G : TDD LTE : B40 2300 MHz
Launched November 2020[195] AJ Advance Technology Pcl.
12 Redone
(Host operator NT Mobile (formerly TOT Mobile))
3G : UMTS/WCDMA : B1 2100 MHz
4G : LTE-FDD : B1 2100 MHz
4.5G : TDD LTE : B40 2300 MHz
Launched May 2021[196] Red One Network (Thailand) Co., Ltd

Timor-Leste[edit]

Mobile subscribers reach 1.54m at End-2017[197]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Telemor GSM-850 UMTS[198] LTE 0.726913[199] (End 2017) Viettel
2 Timor Telecom GSM-900 UMTS[200] LTE 0.620204[199] (Q2 2015) Timor Telecom
3 Telkomcel GSM-850UMTS[201] LTE 0.16[199] (Mid 2015) Telekomunikasi Indonesia International (TL) S.A.

Tonga[edit]

As of November 2007, Tonga has 0.03 million subscribers in total.[202]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Digicel 900 MHz GSM, GPRS
1800 MHz LTE
0.020[202] (November 2007) Digicel Group Ltd
2 TCC 900 MHz GSM, GPRS
UMTS
0.010[202] (November 2007) Tonga Government

Turkmenistan[edit]

As of 2012, Turkmenistan has 4.44 million subscribers in total or 88.8% penetration rate.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 TM CELL
(Altyn Asyr)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
LTE
3[203] (October 2012) TM CELL
2 AȘTU CDMA ETS 450 D 0.055 (August 2018)[204] Ashgabat City Telephone Network

Tuvalu[edit]

As of 2008, Tuvalu has 2,000 subscribers in total.[205]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 TTC 900 MHz GSM
LTE
0.002[205] (2008) TTC

Uzbekistan[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Uzbekistan was estimated at 81.205% over a population estimate of around 28.1 million.[206]

The country's telecom regulator is the Uzbekistan Communications and Information Agency's Board (CIAUz).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 UCell
(Formerly Coscom)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/2600 MHz LTE
7.6[207] (November 2010) State Competition Committee of Uzbekistan
2 Beeline GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
2600 MHz LTE
7.1[188] (May 2011) VEON
3 Mobi.UZ
(Formerly UMS)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE),
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800 MHz LTE
0.63[208] (June 2015) ООО Universal Mobile Systems
4 Uzmobile CdmaOne Not available Uzbektelecom
5 Perfectum CdmaOne Not Yet Available Perfectum

Vanuatu[edit]

As of 2022, Vanuatu has 327,000 subscribers in total.[209]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Vodafone Vanuatu GSM-900 MHz Unknown Vodafone Vanuatu
2 Digicel GSM-900 MHzGPRS,EDGE
900 MHz UMTS, HSPA

700 MHz LTE

2.8 moilion (across Pacific)[210] Digicel Group Ltd
3 AIL GSM-900 MHz Not Yet Available ACES International
4 WanTok 2300 MHz TDD-LTE Not Yet Available

Vietnam[edit]

As of May 2012, the penetration rate in Vietnam was estimated at 120% over a population estimate of around 91 million.[211]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Viettel Mobile GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
1900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
36.72[211] (May 2012) Viettel Corporation
2 MobiFone GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS

1800 MHz LTE

29.11[211] (May 2012) VMS (VNPT subsidiary)
3 Vinaphone GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+

1800 MHz LTE

28.71[211] (May 2012) GPC (VNPT subsidiary)
4 Vietnamobile GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
10.0 (May 2012) Hanoi Telecom, Hutchison Asia Telecommunications Limited
5 Gmobile
(formerly Beeline)
GSM-1800 MHz 2 (May 2010)
GTEL Mobile Joint Stock Company

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "THE STATE OF TELECOMMUNICATIONS AND INTERNET IN AFGHANISTAN – SIX YEARS LATER (2006–2012)" (PDF). USAID, Internews. March 2012. Retrieved 3 September 2015.
  2. ^ "On its way up: The future of telecom in Afghanistan". Roshan. 10 March 2015. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 5 September 2015.
  3. ^ a b American Samoa. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency.
  4. ^ "Australian Phone Networks and Frequencies Explained". whistleout.com.au. Retrieved 21 April 2023.
  5. ^ "Telstra – We'll be switching off 3G from 30 June 2024". telstra.com.au. Retrieved 21 April 2023.
  6. ^ "Telstra – Financial results for the half year ended 31 December 2022 (PDF, 960 KB)" (PDF). telstra.com.au. Retrieved 20 April 2023.
  7. ^ "Optus – We're upgrading our network with changes to 3G". optus.com.au. Retrieved 21 April 2023.
  8. ^ "Singtel Annual report 2022" (PDF). Singtel. Retrieved 21 April 2023.
  9. ^ "TPG Telecom annual report 2022" (PDF). tpgtelecom.com.au. Retrieved 22 April 2023.
  10. ^ a b "Cellular mobile subscriptions in Bhutan jump in second-quarter". 6 August 2020.
  11. ^ "Brunei ICT Indicators 2006–2014". Archived from the original on 27 September 2018. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
  12. ^ "The government's multi-faceted approach aims to ensure a tech-savvy population and the infrastructure to meet demand". Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  13. ^ "Rano360.com » Relaunched of Progresif' store". rano360.com.
  14. ^ "Cambodia Mobile Market (Q1 2008 – Q1 2011)". Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2011.
  15. ^ "Viettel's Metfone acquires Beeline Cambodia". vietnamnews. 26 March 2015. Archived from the original on 16 August 2015. Retrieved 17 August 2015.
  16. ^ 8 million subscribers
  17. ^ "HOME". Cellcard. Retrieved 27 November 2013.
  18. ^ "Cambodia | Our Portfolio | Telecommunication & Information Technology". The Royal Group. Archived from the original on 22 July 2011. Retrieved 21 September 2010.
  19. ^ "China Mobile Limited – Investor Relations > Operating Data".
  20. ^ "China Telecom Corporation Limited – Investor > Key Performance Indicators – Monthly".
  21. ^ "China Unicom (Hong Kong) Limited".
  22. ^ 盖, 贝贝 (28 September 2023). "中国广电5G用户突破1800万". 通信世界网 (in Chinese (China)). Retrieved 24 January 2024.
  23. ^ Cook Islands. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency.
  24. ^ "About Us – Cook Islands". Bluesky Cook Islands. Archived from the original on 24 March 2019. Retrieved 10 February 2021.
  25. ^ "Fiji Mobile Market (Q1 2008 – Q1 2011)". Archived from the original on 2 May 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
  26. ^ "2017 Annual Report" (PDF). ATH. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  27. ^ "Fiji – Telecoms, Mobile and Broadband – BuddeComm". www.budde.com.au. Retrieved 14 August 2016.
  28. ^ "Sale of Vodafone's stake in Vodafone Fiji to the Fiji National Provident Fund". www.vodafone.com. Archived from the original on 22 August 2016. Retrieved 14 August 2016.
  29. ^ "French Polynesia Mobile Market (Q1 2008 – Q1 2011)". Archived from the original on 2 May 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
  30. ^ "ONATi EN UN CLIN D'ŒIL" (in French). ONATi. Retrieved 6 July 2023.
  31. ^ Guam. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency.
  32. ^ "Telecommunications Indicators in Hong Kong". Office of the Communications Authority. Retrieved 31 March 2020.
  33. ^ "香港无线通信服务的主要统计数字" (PDF) (in Chinese). Office of the Communications Authority. Retrieved 30 July 2017.
  34. ^ "Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO) services Licences Enquiry". Office of the Communications Authority.
  35. ^ "Telecommunications Services Providers". Office of the Communications Authority.
  36. ^ "Speedtest.net reveals China Mobile Hong Kong's 5G network as the fastest in the market – CMHK".
  37. ^ HKT Interim Report 2021
  38. ^ "AUDITED RESULTS FOR THE YEAR ENDED 31 DECEMBER 2020" (PDF). Hutchison Telecommunications Hong Kong Holdings Limited. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  39. ^ "2020 / 2021 INTERIM RESULTS ANNOUNCEMENT" (PDF). SmarTone Telecommunications Holdings Limited. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  40. ^ a b c d e "Press Release on Telecom Subscription Data as on 30 April, 2022" (PDF). Telecom Regulatory Authority of India. 30 April 2022.
  41. ^ www.Jio.com. "Reliance Jio VoWiFi is Live". jio.com. Archived from the original on 28 February 2020. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  42. ^ "Financial and Operational Performance of Jio Platforms Limited Q1 2020–21 Reports". Reliance industries. 30 July 2020.
  43. ^ "Airtel, Vodafone lose 4.7 million users each in May; Jio adds 3.7 million". 26 August 2020.
  44. ^ www.airtel.in. "Airtel VoWiFi is Live". www.airtel.in. Retrieved 13 February 2020.
  45. ^ "Q4 Results Bharti airtel limited 2019–20" (PDF). 14 July 2020.
  46. ^ "Vi (Vodafone Idea) covers All 22 telecom circles with its world class 4G LTE services". www.myvi.in. Archived from the original on 22 December 2020. Retrieved 21 December 2020.
  47. ^ www.myvi.in. "Vi VoWiFi is Live". www.myvi.in. Archived from the original on 3 March 2021. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  48. ^ www.myvi.in. "VI WiFi Hotpsot Service Live in Mumbai, Pune & Bangalore". myvi.in. Retrieved 4 January 2021.
  49. ^ "Vi eSIM | Activate eSIM on Supported Smartphones & Smartwatches".
  50. ^ "Q1-Report-FY 2020–21 By Vodafone Idea Limited" (PDF). 6 August 2020. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 July 2021.
  51. ^ www.telecomtalk.info. "BSNL 4G VoLTE Service Live in Certain Circles". telecomtalk.info. Archived from the original on 2 March 2019. Retrieved 20 March 2019.
  52. ^ "MTNL to be act as BSNL subsidiary Till Merger Complete". The Hindu. 29 June 2019.
  53. ^ "Inilah rincian jumlah pelanggan prabayar masing masing operator". kominfo.go.id. KOMINFO. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  54. ^ "Pengguna ponsel Indonesia mencapai 142% dari populasi". katadata.co.id. KATADATA. Retrieved 31 October 2018.
  55. ^ "Telkom Indonesia First QUarter 2022 Result (Info Memo)" (PDF).
  56. ^ "Percepat Pemerataan Konektivitas Digital Indonesia, Telkom Resmi Integrasikan IndiHome ke Telkomsel". Telkomsel (in Indonesian). Retrieved 11 October 2023.
  57. ^ IOH Tembus 102,2 Juta Pelanggan, Pendapatan 2022 Naik Jadi Rp46,75 T https://www.cnnindonesia.com/teknologi/20230213105851-213-912300/ioh-tembus-1022-juta-pelanggan-pendapatan-2022-naik-jadi-rp4675-t
  58. ^ "Layanan Data Sumbang 91 Persen dari Pendapatan XL Axiata, Catat Laba Rp 1,1 T di Akhir 2022". 20 February 2023.
  59. ^ Genjot Ekspansi, Smartfren Siapkan Capex Rp3,14 T di 2023 https://www.fortuneidn.com/market/tanayastri/topang-ekspansi-smartfren-siapkan-capex-rp3-14-t-di-2023
  60. ^ "Sinar Mas". sinarmas.com. Archived from the original on 13 April 2014. Retrieved 11 April 2014.
  61. ^ a b c d "Number of subscribers by Carriers|TCA". Tca.or.jp.
  62. ^ "Statistics Bureau Home Page/Monthly Report". Stat.go.jp.
  63. ^ "Group Structure – SoftBank at a Glance – Investor Relations – About Us – SoftBank Group". Archived from the original on 19 June 2018. Retrieved 3 February 2016.
  64. ^ "Rakuten Mobile Announces Full-Scale Commercial Launch; Unveils Enhanced "Rakuten UN-LIMIT 2.0" Service Plan". Archived from the original on 17 September 2020. Retrieved 17 September 2020.
  65. ^ "VEON – Earnings Release 3Q21 results" (PDF). VEON. 28 October 2021. Retrieved 29 October 2021.
  66. ^ "Kcell JSC Results for January-September 2021" (PDF). Kcell.kz. Retrieved 29 October 2021.
  67. ^ "Kcell completes 24% share sale via bourse; Jysan Bank picks up stake". CommsUpdate. 4 October 2021. Retrieved 29 October 2021.
  68. ^ "Turning off 3G in Almaty and partially Almaty Oblast". Tele2 Kazakhstan. 26 February 2024. Retrieved 6 March 2024.
  69. ^ "Tele2 и Altel объявили итоги за 2019 год". Profit.kz. 5 February 2020. Retrieved 29 October 2021.
  70. ^ "izi.me - Public Agreement". 24 March 2024. Retrieved 24 March 2024.
  71. ^ "Forte Mobile". 24 March 2024. Retrieved 24 March 2024.
  72. ^ "Digital mobile operator - Jusan Mobile". 24 March 2024. Retrieved 24 March 2024.
  73. ^ "Мобильный оператор 5G - Five Mobile". 24 March 2024. Retrieved 24 March 2024.
  74. ^ a b c d "Kyrgyzstan state-owned operator fails to attract buyer". Mobile World Live. 23 August 2012. Archived from the original on 24 March 2019. Retrieved 14 May 2013.
  75. ^ a b c d "Report: Kyrgyzstan: Mobile Communication Research Report 2009 (MGN00002)" (PDF) (in Russian). Reportbuyer.com. 1 April 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 May 2011. Retrieved 21 September 2010.
  76. ^ "Unitel launches 4G in Vientiane and other major cities".
  77. ^ "New Mobile Network Launched in Laos". Cellular-news.com. 19 October 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2012.
  78. ^ "LTC set to launch Laos's first 4G network next month".
  79. ^ "THCOM". Thaicom.net. Archived from the original on 4 May 2012. Retrieved 8 May 2012.
  80. ^ a b "VEON sells its VimpelCom Laos operations to the Government of Laos for USD 22 million". Yozzo.com. 28 October 2017. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  81. ^ "Chinese company completes acquisition of Lao telecom company". Xinhuanet. 8 August 2017. Archived from the original on 31 December 2018. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  82. ^ "CTT – Telecomunicações -- Portuguese – Estatísticas dos Principais Serviços de Telecomunicações (2016)". telecommunications.ctt.gov.mo. Archived from the original on 24 March 2019. Retrieved 25 October 2017.
  83. ^ "Wireless network provider support and features for iPhone in Asia-Pacific". Apple Support. 21 December 2023. Retrieved 2 March 2024.
  84. ^ "The frequencies assigned to the mobile telecommunications networks of the operators". CTT.
  85. ^ "2021 Annual Report" (PDF). CTM. Retrieved 23 February 2023.
  86. ^ a b "China Telecom Macau launches LTE".
  87. ^ Claimed to have over 35% market share and to be the second largest mobile operator in Macau as of 2022.
    "[新聞稿]勞工事務局舉辧"職問職講"講座 助力青年認識電信科技的發展". DSAL. Retrieved 22 February 2023.
  88. ^ "3 Macau (Macau) - Cellular Coverage and Tower Map". CellMapper. Retrieved 19 April 2024.
  89. ^ In the 2G era, its market share was approximately 31%, as of December 31, 2003.
    In the 3G era, its market share was approximately 33% in terms of the number of customers, as of 31 December 2008.
    In the 2G and 3G eras, it was the second largest mobile telecommunications operator in Macau.
  90. ^ a b "Form F-1". www.sec.gov. Retrieved 23 February 2023.
  91. ^ "INFO STATEMENT RE: REGISTRANT'S SPIN-OFF HTHKH INCLUDING HTHKH LISTING DOCUMENT APRIL 20, 2009". www.sec.gov. Retrieved 23 February 2023.
  92. ^ "SmarTone Macau hands Nokia five-year LTE contract".
  93. ^ Its market share was estimated at 11% as of December 31, 2003.
  94. ^ "Hand Phone Users Survey 2014" (PDF). Malaysian Communications and Multimedia Commission.
  95. ^ "CelcomDigi | We are now ONE - Find Out More".
  96. ^ "2014 Annual financial report : statistic on shareholding (page 149)" (PDF). Retrieved 22 March 2016.
  97. ^ https://maxis.listedcompany.com/misc/Presentation/Maxis_4Q23_Results_Deck.pdf
  98. ^ "News | Maxis". maxis.listedcompany.com. Retrieved 24 December 2023.
  99. ^ "News | Maxis".
  100. ^ "Malaysia 5G pioneer YTL looks beyond cheap SIM cards – Mobile World Live". thestar.com.my. 19 November 2009.
  101. ^ "Cover Story: Telekom moves further beyond homes with 5G".
  102. ^ "XOX Mobile eyes two million subscribers – Business News – The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my.
  103. ^ "TUNE TALK TURNS 5!". YouTube. 18 August 2014. Archived from the original on 13 December 2021. Retrieved 27 November 2014.
  104. ^ "Mobile virtual network operator wins excellence award for third time in a row – Metro News – The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my.
  105. ^ "[VIDEO] 7 Questions with Farid Yunus, the CEO of redONE". 2 May 2019.
  106. ^ "Merchantrade targets 30% share of remittance service". Biz.thestar.com.my. 10 September 2012. Retrieved 7 November 2012.
  107. ^ Kugan (28 September 2011). "MY Evolution- Malaysia 1st M2M MVNO". MalaysianWireless.
  108. ^ "Telin – Telecommunication". telin.com.my.
  109. ^ "Pavo Comms Launches Mcalls: Incorporating Y33 Prepaid Plan and MMSpot App". 13 July 2017.
  110. ^ "Maldives Mobile Market (Q1 2008 – Q1 2011)". Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2011.
  111. ^ "Dhiraagu Introduces a New Prepaid Plan giving 50% Discount on Calls to the Largest Network of over 350,000 Customers". Archived from the original on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2012.
  112. ^ "Ooredoo 1H 2014 Results" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 January 2016. Retrieved 5 July 2014.
  113. ^ a b Marshall Islands. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency.
  114. ^ a b Micronesia, Federated States of. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency.
  115. ^ "Mongolia Mobile Market (Q1 2010 – Q1 2011)". Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2011.
  116. ^ "Mobicom has launched its 4G LTE service". Archived from the original on 2 August 2018.
  117. ^ Dashbalbar. "Main Indicators of ICT Sector 2015 year". crc.gov.mn. Archived from the original on 28 March 2019. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  118. ^ a b c Dashbalbar. "2014 Statistics of the Sector". crc.gov.mn.[permanent dead link]
  119. ^ a b c d e Lennighan, Mary (31 January 2019). "Newcomer in Myanmar triggers customer losses, revenue dip for foreign telcos". TelecomTV.
  120. ^ "Nauru Mobile Market (Q1 2008 – Q1 2011)". Archived from the original on 2 May 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
  121. ^ "Nauru – World Factbook". Retrieved 12 February 2011.
  122. ^ "Nepal Telecommunications Authority – MIS Report". Nepal Telecommunications Authority. Archived from the original on 6 November 2017. Retrieved 5 November 2017.
  123. ^ "Nepal Telecom launches 4G in two bands". 2 January 2020.
  124. ^ a b c "NEPAL TELECOMMUNICATIONS AUTHORITY (नेपाल दूरसञ्चार प्राधिकरण ) – Nepal Telecommunications Authority (NTA)". nta.gov.np". 13 February 2022. Retrieved 1 May 2023.
  125. ^ "rapport d'activité 2012" (PDF) (in French). Office des Postes et Telecommunications. p. 34. Archived from the original (PDF) on 6 November 2014. Retrieved 23 September 2014.
  126. ^ "About Vodafone NZ and history". vodafone.co.nz. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  127. ^ "Vodafone NZ's annual revenue dips". Scoop. Retrieved 12 August 2015.
  128. ^ a b "Who's the biggest? Vodafone, Spark, 2degrees compared". NewsTalkZB. 15 May 2019. Retrieved 10 August 2021.
  129. ^ "Commission grants clearance for Vocus/2degrees merger". Commerce Commission. 15 March 2022. Retrieved 1 June 2022.
  130. ^ "Compass Mobile". Compass Communications. Archived from the original on 17 November 2017. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  131. ^ "NZ regulator clears 2degrees, Orcon merger". 15 March 2022.
  132. ^ Shaw, Aimee (23 November 2015). "Warehouse launches mobile phone business". The New Zealand Herald. ISSN 1170-0777. Retrieved 14 August 2016.
  133. ^ a b "Niue – The Commonwealth Year Book". Thecommonwealth.org. Archived from the original on 11 February 2012. Retrieved 25 August 2012.
  134. ^ "Niue Pilot System". openbts.sourceforge.net. Archived from the original on 24 February 2021. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  135. ^ "Devices – Telecom Niue Ltd". Archived from the original on 24 March 2019. Retrieved 3 January 2019.
  136. ^ a b Norfolk Island phone book – Mobile Numbers Archived 13 November 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  137. ^ Alaa Shahine (2 February 2012). "Orascom Telecom Media Shares Jump After North Korea Announcement". Bloomberg. Archived from the original on 5 February 2012. Retrieved 15 October 2012.
  138. ^ "Orascom Telecom May Pull Out of North Korea". Cellular-News.com. 3 January 2016. Retrieved 5 January 2016.
  139. ^ Northern Mariana Islands. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency.
  140. ^ "Telecom Indicators". www.pta.gov.pk. Retrieved 9 February 2017.
  141. ^ "Clarification regarding 'ONIC' by PTML". Pakistan Telecommunication Authority. 11 August 2023. Retrieved 25 October 2023.
  142. ^ "Palau Number of Subscriber Mobile, 2002 – 2023 | CEIC Data". www.ceicdata.com. Retrieved 26 October 2023.
  143. ^ "Mobile | Palau National Communications Corporation". www.pnccpalau.com. Retrieved 26 October 2023.
  144. ^ "Papua New Guinea Mobile Market (Q4 2010 – Q1 2011)". Archived from the original on 2 May 2012. Retrieved 28 October 2011.
  145. ^ "PLDT Q3 2022 Quarterly Report" (PDF).
  146. ^ "Globe Q3 2022 Quarterly Report" (PDF).
  147. ^ "DITO hits 12M subscribers".
  148. ^ "Digital 2021: Samoa". Datareportal. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  149. ^ "Statistic on Telecom Service for 2021 Jan – Jun". Infocomm Media Development Authority. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
  150. ^ "Annual Report 2023" (PDF). Singtel. Retrieved 26 July 2023.
  151. ^ "1H23 Financial Results" (PDF). Keppel Corportation. Retrieved 1 August 2023.
  152. ^ "StarHub Business Performance Update Q1 2023" (PDF). Retrieved 20 May 2023.
  153. ^ "SIMBA adds Band 38 TDD to it's 4G Coverage". Retrieved 29 February 2024.
  154. ^ "SIMBA adds LTE FDD Band 1 (2100 MHz) to it's existing FDD Band 8 and TDD Band 40". Retrieved 29 February 2024.
  155. ^ "CIS_SIMBA_SIM-Only_100GB+" (PDF). Retrieved 28 February 2024.
  156. ^ "Tuas – 1H 2023 Investor Presentation – For ASX release" (PDF). TUAS Limited. Retrieved 20 May 2023.
  157. ^ "MVNO Monday: a guide to the week's virtual operator developments". CommsUpdate. 28 June 2021. Retrieved 18 August 2021.
  158. ^ "MyRepublic to finally offer mobile services in Singapore after StarHub partnership". Channel NewsAsia. Archived from the original on 24 March 2019. Retrieved 3 May 2018.
  159. ^ a b Solomon Islands. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency.
  160. ^ a b c d Sunyoung, Kwon (20 December 2023). "Ministry of Science and ICT". Ministry of Science and ICT. Retrieved 20 December 2023.
  161. ^ "Korea Communication Market Data". Netmanias. 30 May 2018. Retrieved 30 May 2018.
  162. ^ "Statistics – Telecommunications Regulatory Commission of Sri Lanka".
  163. ^ "Sri Lanka Mobile Frequencies". spectrummonitoring.com. Retrieved 28 April 2016.
  164. ^ a b "Dialog provides customers an improved 4G mobile network experience with the shutdown of its 3G network". Dialog Axiata. Retrieved 30 December 2023.
  165. ^ "Sri Lanka's Dialog launches first VoLTE network on 4G". Lanka Business Online. 1 September 2016.
  166. ^ "Dialog Axiata Demonstrates South Asia's Fastest 5G Mobile Speeds in excess of 1.4 Giga bits per second". Dialog Axiata. 6 June 2019.
  167. ^ "Experience the Power of 5G Today". Dialog Axiata. Retrieved 14 September 2020.
  168. ^ "Dialog Axiata claims 'first' with VoWiFi launch in Sri Lanka". TeleGeography. 19 October 2018.
  169. ^ "Dialog eSIM". Dialog Axiata. Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  170. ^ "Dialog Axiata PLC – Q4 2022 Results" (PDF). Dialog Axiata PLC. Retrieved 2 May 2023.
  171. ^ "Mobitel 5G Becomes the First and Fastest in South Asia!". Mobitel (Sri Lanka). 9 June 2019.
  172. ^ "One Mobitel eSim for all your personalities". Mobitel (Sri Lanka). Retrieved 8 December 2019.
  173. ^ "Sri Lanka Telecom PLC – Annual Report 2022" (PDF). Sri Lanka Telecom PLC. p. 69. Retrieved 2 May 2023.
  174. ^ a b c "Hutch Lanka completes merger with Etisalat Lanka". Telecomasia.net.
  175. ^ "Hutch 4G network rollout has begun in western province". Hutch.
  176. ^ "Hutch demonstrates fastest 5G experience in Sri Lanka". DailyFT. 18 March 2021.
  177. ^ "WELCOME TO THE HUTCH UNLIMITED WORLD EXPERIENCE WITH ESIM". Hutch (Sri Lanka). Retrieved 10 September 2023.
  178. ^ "Annual Report 2022 – Operations Review – Telecommunications" (PDF). CK Hutchison Holdings. Retrieved 2 May 2023.
  179. ^ "Airtel Lanka gears to launch 4G services soon". Daily Mirror (Sri Lanka). 22 October 2020.
  180. ^ "Airtel commences 5G trials; records highest speeds in Sri Lanka". AdaDeranaBiz. 2 February 2022.
  181. ^ "Integrated Report and Annual Financial Statements 2021–22 – Bharti Airtel Limited" (PDF). Bharti Airtel. Retrieved 31 July 2022.
  182. ^ "Taiwan Mobile Market (Q1 2008 – Q2 2011)". Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 27 October 2011.
  183. ^ a b c Taiwan National Communications Commission. "Mobile Broadband Service Subscriber Statistics". ncc.gov.tw (in Chinese).
  184. ^ "Tajikistan – Telecoms, Mobile and Internet – BuddeComm – BuddeComm". budde.com.au. 2011. Retrieved 14 February 2011.
  185. ^ "Markets and brands". TeliaSonera. Retrieved 16 April 2014.
  186. ^ "Telia Company finally sells Tcell". TeleGeography. 27 April 2017.
  187. ^ "Cis Russian Telecoms News". cis-russian-telecoms-news.com. Archived from the original on 4 October 2011.
  188. ^ a b c Shilova, Zoya (24 June 2011). "Bloomberg – Russian Mobile Phone Operators Subscribers in May 2011". Bloomberg. Retrieved 24 June 2011.
  189. ^ "VEON completes sale of Tajikistan cellco". TeleGeography. 11 June 2018.
  190. ^ "Thailand's Mobile Market End of Year 2020". 7 March 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  191. ^ a b "Thailand's Telecom Structure 2017". www.slideshare.com. 6 June 2017. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  192. ^ "Thailand's Mobile Market End of Year 2020". Yozzo.com. 7 March 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  193. ^ a b "i-mobile hangs up its MVNO business". www.yozzo.com. 13 June 2017. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  194. ^ "Another TOT MVNO hangs up". www.yozzo.com. 28 January 2017. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
  195. ^ "New M2M MVNO AJ SIM launched in Thailand". www.yozzo.com. 13 November 2020. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  196. ^ "redONE has launched its MVNO service in Thailand". www.yozzo.com. 19 May 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  197. ^ "Timor-Leste Number of Subscriber Mobile". Retrieved 10 September 2015.
  198. ^ "Internet 3G Telemor".
  199. ^ a b c "Mobile subscribers reach 1.25m at mid-2015". Retrieved 10 September 2015.
  200. ^ "Timor Telecom 3G Internet".
  201. ^ "Telekomcel Company Profile".
  202. ^ a b c "Digicel Pacific to acquire Tonfon Communications". Telegeography.com. 28 November 2007. Archived from the original on 12 January 2009. Retrieved 8 May 2012.
  203. ^ "Number of subscribers to national cellular communication operator "Altyn Asyr" exceeded 3 million". turkmenistan.ru. Archived from the original on 24 March 2019. Retrieved 5 April 2013.
  204. ^ http://agts.tv/ru/about Archived 3 August 2020 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  205. ^ a b Tuvalu. The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency.
  206. ^ "Uzbekistan Mobile Market (Q1 2008 – Q1 2011)". Archived from the original on 25 April 2012. Retrieved 27 October 2011.
  207. ^ http://soccer.msg.com/article/01zA252evs2W4?q=Uzbekistan[permanent dead link]
  208. ^ "SUBSCRIBER NUMBERS FOR Q2 2015". www.mtsgsm.com. 31 August 2015. Archived from the original on 29 October 2015.
  209. ^ "Digital 2022: Vanuatu". Digital Reportal. 16 February 2022. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  210. ^ "Australia's Telstra completes Digicel Pacific buyout". Al Jazeera. 14 July 2022. Retrieved 10 August 2022.
  211. ^ a b c d "Expectations of big ones". Retrieved 17 May 2012.