List of mobile network operators of the Asia Pacific region

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This is a list of all mobile phone carriers in the Asia Pacific Region and their respective number of subscribers. There are an estimated 2.6 billion mobile phones activated through various carriers in the region.

Afghanistan[edit]

As of March 2014, the penetration rate in Afghanistan was estimated at 89% over a population estimate of 29.8 million.[1]

The country's telcom regulator is the Afghanistan Telecommunications Regulatory Authority (ATRA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Roshan GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
5.6[2] (2012) Aga Khan Fund for Economic Development (AKFED) 51%, Monaco Telecom International (MTI) 36.75%, TeliaSonera AB 12.25%
2 MTN GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
4.5[2] (2012) MTN (100%)
3 Etisalat GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
3.5[2] (2012) Emirates Telecommunications Corporation
4 AWCC GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
3.5[2] (2012) Telephone Systems International
5 Wasel 800 MHz CdmaOne
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
0.052[2] (2012) Wasel Telecom Afghanistan
6 Afghan Telecom CDMA2000 1X (Cellular/WLL)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
0.15[2] (2012)
-
-
MCIT (state owned)

American Samoa[edit]

As of 2004, American Samoa has 32,000 subscribers in total,[3] or an 85% penetration rate.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Blue Sky Communications 850 MHz GSM
850 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
0.0320[3] (2012) Amper SpA

Australia[edit]

As of March 2011, the number of mobile phone subscriptions in Australia was recorded to be 29.28 million which corresponds to a penetration rate of 129.482% over an estimated population of around 21.8 million.[4][5]

The country's telcom regulator is the Australian Communications and Media Authority.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Telstra GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
700(28)/900(8)/1800(3)/2600(7) MHz LTE, LTE-A
16[6] (June 2014) Telstra
2 Optus GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
700(28)/1800(3)/2100(1)/2600(7) MHz FD-LTE, 2300 MHz TD-LTE, LTE-A
9.43[7] (March 2014) Singtel (100%)
3 Vodafone
•Includes the previous 3 network.
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
850/900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
850(5)/1800(3) MHz LTE-A
5.3[8] (Dec 2014) Vodafone (50%) Hutchison Telecom (50%)

Bangladesh[edit]

As of May 2014, Bangladesh has 116.239 million subscribers in total.[9] The country's telcom regulator is the Bangladesh Telecommunication Regulatory Commission (BTRC)

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Grameenphone GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
49.088[9] (May 2014) Telenor (55.8%), Grameen Telecom (34.2%) and Publicly held (10%)
2 Banglalink GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
29.626[9] (May 2014) Vimpelcom (100%)
3 Robi GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
24.077[9] (May 2014) Axiata Group Berhad (92%) and NTT DoCoMo (8%)
4 Airtel
(formerly Warid)
GSM-1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
8.491[9] (May 2014) Bharti Airtel (100%)
5 Teletalk GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
3.525[9] (May 2014) State-owned (100%)
6 Citycell 800 MHz CDMA2000 1x RTT, EV-DO Rev.A 1.433[9] (May 2014) Pacific Group & Far East Telecom Limited (55%) and Singtel (45%)

Bhutan[edit]

As of June 2011, the penetration rate in Bhutan was estimated at 57.169% over a population estimate of over 700,000.[10]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Bhutan Telecom GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available Bhutan Telecom Ltd (BTL)
2 Tashi Cell GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
Not Yet Available Tashi Group

Brunei Darussalam[edit]

As of December 2014, the penetration rate in Brunei Darussalam was 114%,[11] over a population estimate of over 400,000.

The country's telcom regulator is the Authority for Info-communications Technology Industry (AITI).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 DSTCom GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.32[12] DST group
2 Progresif Cellular (formerly B-mobile and TelBru) 2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA, HSPA+ 0.08 Darussalam Assets Sdn Bhd (government)

Cambodia[edit]

As of June 2013, the penetration rate in Cambodia was estimated at 69.318% over a population estimate of over 14.7 million.[13]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Metfone GSM-900/1800 (GPRS)
UMTS, HSDPA
7.3[citation needed] Viettel Cambodia
2 Smart Axiata GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
5.4 (Q3 2013)[citation needed] Axiata Group Berhad
3 Cellcard/Mobitel GSM-900 MHz
2100 MHz UMTS
2.5[14] (2010) The Royal Group,[15]
4 Sotelco/Beeline GSM-900/1800 MHz
1900 MHz UMTS
0.6[16] (2013) Sotelco
5 qb GSM-1800 MHz
2100 MHz UMTS
0.05[citation needed] Cambodia Advance Communications
6 Seatel FDD-LTE 850MHz 0.01 (July 2015) South East Asia Telecom Group
7 Cootel GSM-900/1800 MHz Not Yet Available ?

China[edit]

As of October 2013, China has 1.218 billion subscribers in total.[17] Another estimate made in August 2013 found a penetration rate of 69.2% over a population estimate of over 1.3 billion.[18]

The country's telcom regulator is MIIT.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 China Mobile GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
1900/2000/2300 MHz TD-SCDMA, TD-HSDPA
1900/2300/2600 MHz TD-LTE
759[19] (October 2013) State-owned
2 China Unicom PHS
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
2600 MHz TD-LTE, 1800 MHz LTE
276[19] (October 2013) State-owned
Telefonica (9.7%)
3 China Telecom PHS
800/2100 MHz CDMA2000 1xRTT EV-DO Rev 0, Rev A
2600 MHz TD-LTE, 1800 MHz LTE
183[19] (October 2013) State-owned

Cook Islands[edit]

As of 2008, Cook Islands has 6,700 subscribers in total.[20]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Telecom GSM-900
UMTS
Not Yet Available Spark New Zealand (60%)

Fiji[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Fiji was estimated at 79.957% over a population estimate of around 0.9 million.[21]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Vodafone GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
1800 MHz LTE
0.6[citation needed] Vodafone 49% ATH 51%
2 Digicel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
LTE
Not Yet Available Digicel 100%

French Polynesia[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in French Polynesia was estimated at 98.7% over a population estimate of around 268.000.[22]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 VINI GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
0.250[citation needed] Tikiphone SA
2 Pacific Mobile Telecom
(PMT)
GSM
UMTS
0.035[citation needed] Pacific Petroleum Company
3 Viti WiMAX Not Yet Available
- Mara Telecom GSM
2100 MHz UMTS
Not Yet Available failed to launch: Mara telecom en liquidation judiciaire (nov 2014)

Guam[edit]

As of 2004, Guam has 98,000[23] subscribers in total.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Docomo Pacific CdmaOne
GSM-1900 MHz (GPRS)
850 MHz UMTS
700 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available NTT DoCoMo
2 IT&E CdmaOne
GSM-1900
1900 MHz UMTS
700 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available IT&E Overseas, Inc
3 GTA GSM-850/1900 MHz (GPRS)
850 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1700 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available TeleGuam Holdings LLC
4 iConnect GSM-1900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
1900 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
700/1900 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available Wave Runner LLC

Hong Kong[edit]

As of December 2011, the penetration rate in Hong Kong was estimated at 210% over a population estimate of over 7.1 million.[24]

The special administrative region's telcom regulator is the Office of the Communications Authority (OFCA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 csl.
(formerly CSL)1
(1010, one2free and New World Mobility)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800/2600 MHz LTE
LTE Advanced
4.51[25][when?] Hong Kong Telecom4
2 CMHK GSM-1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
1800/2600 MHz LTE, 2300 MHz TD-LTE
4.25[citation needed] China Mobile Communications Corporation
3 3 GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800/2600 MHz LTE, 2300 MHz TD-LTE
3.8[26] (Dec 2013) Hutchison Telecommunications International Limited
4 SmarTone GSM-900/1800 (GPRS)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800/2600 MHz LTE
1.880 (September 2014) Sun Hung Kai Properties

1. CSL and New World Mobility merged in April 2006 and became CSL New World Mobility Group. The two networks operated separately until 2010 when the network of New World Mobility was merged into the network of CSL.
2. New World Mobility (NWM) is made up of Telecom Digital Limited and CSL.
3. July 2005: HKT Limited(also known as PCCW), former owner of CSL, has agreed in June to buy the 59.9% stocks of Sunday held by the two biggest shareholders at HK$0.65 each share. The acquisition has received approval from Office of the Telecommunications Authority, and has progressed to a mandatory unconditional cash offer to buy the remaining stock at HK$0.65 per share. Total cost to PCCW will be approx HK$1.942bn, allowing its reentry into the wireless market by possessing Sunday's 2G (GSM 1800) and 3G (UMTS) licences.
4. In May 2014, Australian telecommunications giant Telstra announced it had completed the sale of Hong Kong-based mobile business CSL to HKT Limited, with proceeds for its stake totaling US$1.99 billion.

India[edit]

As of March 2015, India has 996.49 million subscribers in total or 79.5% penetration rate.[27]

The country's telcom regulator is the Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Airtel GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
2300 MHz TD-LTE
226.0[27] (Mar 2015) Bharti Airtel
SingTel (32.4%)[28]
2 Vodafone GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
EVDO (Using MTS' network)
183.8[27] (Mar 2015) Vodafone (100%)
3 Idea Cellular GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
157.8[27] (Mar 2015) Aditya Birla Group (49.05%)
Axiata Group Berhad (19.96%)
Providence (6.8%)[29]
4 Reliance Communications CdmaOne, CDMA 1xRTT DCN, EVDO
GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
WiMAX
109.47[27] (Mar 2015) Reliance (67%) & Public (26%)
5 Aircel GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
2300 MHz TD-LTE
81.39[27] (Mar 2015) Maxis Communications (74%)
Apollo Hospital (26%)
6 BSNL GSM-900/1800 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
CdmaOne, EVDO
WiMAX WiFi
77.22[27] (Mar 2015) State-owned (100%)
7 TATA DOCOMO GSM-1800 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
CDMA, EVDO
WiMAX
66.31[27] (Mar 2015) Tata Group (74%)
NTT docomo JAPAN (26%)
8 Uninor GSM-1800 MHz (EDGE) 45.61[27] (Mar 2015) Telenor (100%)[30]
9 Videocon GSM-1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE) 9.86[27] (Mar 2015) Videocon
10 MTS CDMA, EVDO 8.86[27] (Mar 2015) Sistema (73.71%) & Shyam Group (23.79%)
11 MTNL GSM-900 MHz (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
CDMAone
3.51[27] (Mar 2015) State-owned

Indonesia[edit]

As of June 2011, the number of mobile phone subscriptions in Indonesia was recorded to be 220 million which corresponds to a penetration rate of 92% over an estimated population of around 237.6 million.[31]

The country's telecom regulator is the Badan Regulasi Telekomunikasi Indonesia (Indonesian Telecommunication Regulatory Authority).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Telkomsel
(Includes previous Telkom Flexi network)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
900/1800 MHz LTE
140[32] (Q1 2015) State-owned Telkom (65%)
Singtel (35%)
2 Indosat GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+
900/1800 MHz LTE
66.5[32] (Q1 2015) Ooredoo (65%)
Public (20.71%)
State-owned (14.29%)
3 XL Axiata
(Includes previous Axis network)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+
900/1800 MHz LTE
62.1[32](Q1 2015) Axiata Group Berhad (66.7%)
Emirates Telecommunications Corporation (13.3%)
Public (20%)
4 3 GSM-1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
54.8[33] (Q1 2015) Hutchison Whampoa
5 Smartfren CDMA2000 1x, EV-DO Rev A, EV-DO Rev B[34]
850/2300 MHz LTE
12[35] (Q1 2015) Sinar Mas Group[36]
Wahana Inti Nusantara (20%)
Global Nusa Data (20%)
Bali Media Telekomunikasi (20%)
Public (31%)[37]
Mobile Virtual Network Operators
1 esia
(Using Smartfren)
CDMA2000 1x, EV-DO Rev A 13[38] (Q4 2010) Bakrie Group

Japan[edit]

As of June 2013, Japan has 142,809,300 subscribers in total,[39] or a 112.17% penetration rate.[40]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 NTT docomo 800/1700/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA
800/1500/1800/2100 MHz LTE
Wideband LTE Advanced
61.623[39] (June 2013) NTT (67%)
State-owned (33%)
2 au 800/2100 MHz CDMA2000, 1xRTT, EV-DO
800/1500/2100 MHz LTE
2500 MHz TD-LTE
38.378[39] (June 2013) KDDI (100%)
3 SoftBank 900/1500/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
2100 MHz LTE
2500 MHz TD-LTE
33.290[39] (June 2013) SoftBank (100%)
4 Y!Mobile
(formerly eAccess)
PHS
1700(IX)MHz UMTS, HSPA+
1800(III)MHz LTE
10.4343[41] (Q4 2013) SoftBank (99.68%)
Mobile Virtual Network Operators
1 Disney Mobile
(using SoftBank Mobile)
UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSDPA
TD-LTE
N/A SoftBank / The Walt Disney Company
2 b-mobile
(using NTT Docomo)
2100/800 MHz UMTS, HSPA
800/1500/2100 MHz LTE
N/A Japan Communications Inc.

Kazakhstan[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Kazakhstan was estimated at 111.465% over a population estimate of around 15.5 million.[42]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Kcell GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
11.6[43] (Jan 2012) Fintur Holdings B.V.1 51%, KazakhTelecom 49%
2 Beeline GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
7.5[44] (May 2011) Cronwell Investment 50.01%, VimpelCom 49.99%
3 Tele2 GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0.35[44] (May 2011) Tele2
4 Altel CdmaOne
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.2[45] (January 2007) KazakhTelecom 50%[45]

1. Fintur Holdings B.V. owners are TeliaSonera 58.55% and Turkcell 41.45%

Kiribati[edit]

As of 2008, Kiribati has 1,000 PSTN subscribers in total. The World Factbook shows 13,800 Mobile subscribers in 2011[46]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 TSKL 900 MHz GSM
850 MHz UMTS
700 MHz LTE
0.014 (2011) TSKL

Kyrgyzstan[edit]

As of 2008, Kyrgyzstan has 6.6 million subscribers in total, a 120% penetration rate.[47]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MegaCom GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
2.7[47] (2012) JSC Alpha Telecom
2 Beeline GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
2.4[47] (Aug 2012) Sky Mobile Ltd.
3 Fonex CDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ 0.42[48] (2008) Aktel Ltd.
4 O! GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
2600 MHz LTE
0.9[47] NUR Telecom Ltd.
5 Katel TDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ 0.1[48] (2008) KATEL
6 Nexi CDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ 0.049[48] (2008) SoTel
7 Sapat Mobile CDMA, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ 0.011[48] (2008) Winline Ltd.

Laos[edit]

As of 2012, Laos mobile penetration was 70.86% with 4.841 millions subscriptions.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 LaoTelecom GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA (14.4 Mbit/s)
1.291[citation needed] Government of Lao P.D.R. (51%), Shennington Investments (Thaicom) (49%)[49]
2 Unitel GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
2.705[citation needed] Lao Asia Telecommunication State Enterprise (LAT) (51%), Viettel Global (49%)[50]
3 Beeline GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+ (21 Mbit/s)
WiMAX
0.325[citation needed] VimpelCom (78%), Government of Lao P.D.R. (22%)[51]
4 ETL GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+ (21 Mbit/s)
1.500[citation needed] ETL Public Company (Public, 100%)
5 Sky Telecom  ?  ?  ?

Macau[edit]

As of December 2013, the special administrative region has 1.543 million subscribers in total, a 271.01% penetration rate.[52]

The special administrative region's telcom regulator is DSRT.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 CTM GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
0.484[citation needed] CITIC Telecom
2 3 GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
0.408[citation needed] Hutchison Telecommunications International Limited
3 China Telecom CDMA, CDMA2000, EVDO 0.224[citation needed] State-owned
4 SmarTone GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
0.426[citation needed] Sung Hung Kai Properties

Malaysia[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Malaysia was estimated at 117.635% over a population estimate of around 29 million, cfr Malaysia Mobile Market (Q1 2008 - Q1 2011), mnodirectory.com (report no longer available at site).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Maxis GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900(B8)/2100(B1) MHz UMTS, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800(B3)/2600(B7) MHz LTE FDD
13.269[53] (2Q 2015) Ananda Krishnan
Saudi Telecom Company (17.5%)
2 Celcom GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900(B8)/2100(B1) MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+
1800(B3)/2600(B7) MHz LTE FDD
12.279[54] (1Q 2015) Axiata Group Berhad (100%)
3 DiGi GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100(B1) MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+
1800(B3)/2600(B7) MHz LTE FDD
11.815[55] (2Q 2015) Telenor (49%)
Employees Provident Fund (Malaysia)[56]
4 U Mobile 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+
2600 MHz LTE FDD
-uses Maxis 2G (nationwide)
-uses maxis 3G in some area
4[57] (1Q 2013) U TV
STT Communications (33%)
MPHB Capital Bhd. (7.72%)
5 P1 2300 MHz WiMAX
2600 MHz TD-LTE(Planned)
0.4674[58] (3Q 2014) Telekom Malaysia (55.3%)
Green Packet (31.1%)
SK Telecom (13.6%)
6 Yes 4G 2300 MHz WiMAX
2600 MHz TD-LTE(Planned)
0.7[59] (3Q 2013) YTL Communications(a unit of YTL Corporation)
7 Redtone 2300 MHz WiMAX (East Malaysia only)
-share 2600Mhz spectrum with Maxis
Redtone International
8 ALTEL -share 2600Mhz spectrum with Celcom
-uses Celcom 2G/3G/4G network
Puncak Semangat Sdn Bhd(unit owned by Syed Mokhtar Al-Bukhary)
9 Telekom Malaysia 850 MHz LTE FDD Telekom Malaysia
Mobile Virtual Network Operators
1 TuneTalk
(uses Celcom)
1.5[60] (August 2014) Tune Ventures(35.75%)
Celcom(35%)
2 XOX COM
(uses Celcom)
0.391[61] (March 2011)
3 Merchantrade
(uses Celcom)
0.3[62] (3Q 2012) Merchantrade Asia Sdn Bhd
4 Redone
(uses Celcom)
0.15[63] (December 2010) Redtone International
5 Tron
(uses DiGi)
Talk Focus Sdn Bhd[64]
6 SpeakOut Wireless
(uses DiGi)
7-Eleven Malaysia
7 Clixster
(uses U Mobile)
8 MY Evolution
(uses DiGi)
M2M services in Asia[65]
9 Smart Pinoy
(uses Celcom)
PLDT (51%)
Celcom (49%)
10 Buzz me
(uses U Mobile)
11 FRiENDi Mobile
(uses U Mobile)
Virgin Mobile Middle East & Africa
12 Telin Malaysia (Kartu As)
(uses Maxis)
Telin Malaysia. Telin Malaysia is a joint venture (JV) company between Compudyne Telecommunication Systems Sdn. Bhd and PT Telin, a company fully owned by PT. Telekomunikasi Indonesia (Telkom).[66]
13 YS mobile(ECI Multimedia Communications)
(uses U Mobile)

Maldives[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Maldives was estimated at 116.456% over a population estimate of around 0.4 million.[67]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Dhiraagu GSM-900 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
LTE
0.350[68] (October 2012) Dhiraagu
2 Ooredoo GSM-900 (EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
0.272[69] (Q2 2014) Ooredoo

Marshall Islands[edit]

As of 2008, Marshall Islands has 1000 subscribers in total.[70]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 NTA GSM 0.0007[70] (2008) MINTA

Micronesia, Federated States of[edit]

As of 2008, Micronesia, Federated States of has 34,000 subscribers in total.[71]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 FSM Telecom GSM-900 0.0274[71] (2008) FSMTC

Mongolia[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Mongolia was estimated at 80.120% over a population estimate of around 3.1 million.[72]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Mobicom GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1.7[73] (June 2014) KDDI, Sumitomo Corporation, Newcom Group
2 Unitel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1.54[74](June 2014) MCS Group
3 Skytel CdmaOne
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0.6[74](June 2014) Altai Holdings, Shunkhlai Group
4 G-Mobile CdmaOne
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0.47[74](June 2014)

Myanmar[edit]

As of May 2015, the penetration rate in Myanmar was estimated at 44% over a population estimate of around 51.4 million.[75]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MPT 450/800 MHz CDMA, CDMA2000 1x-EVDO
GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
8.4 (March 2015)[76] State-owned, KDDI, Sumitomo Corporation
2 Telenor GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
6.4 (May 2015)[77] Telenor (100%)
3 Ooredoo 900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+ 3.3 (March 2015)[78] Ooredoo (100%)

Nauru[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Nauru was estimated at 42.909% over a population estimate of around 9,000 people.[79] The World Factbook shows 6,700 subscribers in 2011.[80]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Digicel GSM-900 0.007 Digicel Pacific Ltd.

Nepal[edit]

As of May 2014, the penetration rate in Nepal was estimated at 79.11% over a population estimate of around 26.5 million.[81]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Ncell GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
11.328[81] (May 2014) TeliaSonera
2 Nepal Telecom CDMA, EV-DO
900 MHz GSM, GPRS
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSPA+
WiMAX
8.571[81] (May 2014) Nepal Telecom
3 Smart Telecom GSM 900/1800
GPRS 900/2100
1.172[82] (Aug. 2014) Smart Telecom

New Caledonia[edit]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Mobilis GSM-900 MHz
2100 MHz UMTS
0.244[83] (2012) Office des Postes et Telecommunications

New Zealand[edit]

For more details on this topic, see Telecommunications in New Zealand § Telephones.

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in New Zealand was estimated at 124.326% over a population estimate of around 4.3 million.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Vodafone 900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/1800 MHz LTE
2.33 (June 2013)[84] Vodafone
2 Spark
(formerly Telecom New Zealand)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/1800/2600 MHz LTE
2 (August 2014)[85] Public
3 2degrees 900/1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
1 (August 2012)[84] Trilogy International Partners and others
Mobile virtual network operators
1 Black+White
(using Vodafone)
GSM, GPRS
UMTS, HSPA
 ? Black+White
2 Orcon
(using Vodafone)
GSM, GPRS
UMTS, HSPA
 ? Kordia
3 Slingshot
(using Spark)
UMTS, HSPA  ? Slingshot
4 Skinny
(using Spark)
UMTS, HSPA, LTE  ? Spark (public company)

Niue[edit]

As of 2004, Niue has about 500 subscribers in total, a 6.5% penetration rate.[86]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Telecom Niue GSM (Equipment provided by Challenge Networks) 0.0005[86] (2004) Telecom Niue

Norfolk Island[edit]

As of October 2008, Norfolk Island has 131 subscribers in total, a 6.5% penetration rate.[87]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Norfolk Telecom GSM 0.000131[87] (October 2008) Norfolk Telecom

North Korea[edit]

As of March 2011 North Korea has over a million subscribers in total.[88]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 koryolink 2100 MHz UMTS >1.000 (March 2012) GTH (75%) and Korea Post & Telecommunications Trading Corporation (KPTC) (25%).

Northern Mariana Islands[edit]

As of 2004, the Northern Mariana Islands have 20,500[89] subscribers in total.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Docomo Pacific CdmaOne
GSM-1900 (GPRS)
UMTS
Not Yet Available NTT DoCoMo
2 IT&E CdmaOne
GSM-850
UMTS, HSPA+
700 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available IT&E Overseas, Inc

Pakistan[edit]

As of March 2015, Pakistan has 134.9 million subscribers in total, a 72% penetration rate.[90]

The country's telecom regulator is PTA (Pakistan Telecommunication Authority).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Mobilink GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS
WiMAX
38.1[90] (March 2015) Vimpelcom
2 Telenor GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
36.5[90] (March 2015) Telenor
3 Zong (Paktel) GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE
27.4[90] (March 2015) China Mobile CMPak
4 Ufone GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
21.5[90] (March 2015) Etisalat(26%) and Government of Pakistan
5 Warid GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
1800 MHz LTE
11.1[90] (March 2015) Warid Telecom

Palau[edit]

As of 2012, Palau has 17,150 subscribers in total.[91]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 PNCC GSM-900 MHz 17,150 Palau National Communications Corp.

Papua New Guinea[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Papua New Guinea was estimated at 47.595% over a population estimate of around 6.2 million.[92]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Digicel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
700 MHz LTE
Not Yet Available Digicel
2 BMobile GSM-900 (GPRS)
900 MHz UMTS
Not Yet Available Pacific Mobile Communications
3 Telikom PNG GSM-900 Not Yet Available Telikom PNG

Philippines[edit]

As of September 2013, the number of subscribers in the Philippines was estimated at 108.6 million, a 120% penetration rate.[93]

The country's telecom regulator is the National Telecommunications Commission (NTC).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Smart
(Talk 'N Text and Sun Cellular)
GSM-900/1800 GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
2100 MHz LTE
WiMAX
Talk 'N Text: GSM, GPRS
Sun Cellular: 1800 MHz GSM (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
72 (Feb 2015) Philippine Long Distance Telephone Company (100%)
2 Globe
(Touch Mobile and ABS-CBNmobile)
GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800 MHz FDD-LTE, 2500 MHz TDD-LTE
WiMAX
45.4 (Dec 2014) Singtel (47.3%)
Ayala Corporation (34%)
Public Stock (21%)

Samoa[edit]

As of November 2007, Samoa has 85,000 subscribers in total, a 47% penetration rate.[94]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 bluesky GSM-900 Not Yet Available bluesky Samoa
2 Digicel GSM-900 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
Not Yet Available Digicel

Singapore[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Singapore was estimated at 155.799% over a population estimate of around 4.7 million.[95]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Singtel Mobile GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800/2600 MHz LTE-A
3.5[96] (December 2011) Singtel
2 StarHub GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800/2600 MHz LTE-A
2.18[97] (Q3 2012) StarHub
3 M1 GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS)
900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1800/2600 MHz LTE-A
2.1[98] (Q2 2013) M1 Limited
Axiata Group Berhad (88.01%)

Solomon Islands[edit]

As of 2008, Solomon Islands has 30,000 subscribers in total.[99]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Our Telekom GSM-900/1800 MHz
850/2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
0.03[99] (2008) STKL

South Korea[edit]

As of November 2014, South Korea has 56.81 million subscribers in total.[100]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 SK Telecom CDMA2000 1xRTT EV-DO Rev 0, Rev A
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+,
Mobile WiMAX
850/1800/2100 MHz LTE,[101]
Wideband LTE Advanced,
Tri-band LTE-A Carrier Aggregation
28.41[100] SK TELECOM CORPORATION LIMITED
2 olleh 2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+,
Mobile WiMAX
900/1800 MHz LTE,[102]
Wideband LTE Advanced
17.23[100] KT Corporation
3 LG U+ CDMA2000 1xRTT EV-DO Rev 0, Rev A,
850/2100/2600 MHz LTE,[103]
Wideband LTE Advanced
11.16[100] LG Uplus Corporation

Sri Lanka[edit]

As of December 2014, the penetration rate in Sri Lanka was estimated at 107% over a population estimate of over around 20.3 million.[104]

The country's telecom regulator is the Telecommunications Regulatory Commission of Sri Lanka (TRCSL).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Dialog GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE FDD
9.807[105] (Q1 2015) Axiata Group Berhad
2 Mobitel GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800 MHz LTE FDD
7[106] (Q1 2014) Sri Lanka Telecom PLC
3 Etisalat GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
4.5[107] (Q4 2014) Emirates Telecommunications Corporation
4 Hutch GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
2[108] (Q4 2014) Hutchison Whampoa Limited
5 Airtel GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+
1.7 (Q4 2013)[citation needed] Bharti Airtel Limited

Taiwan[edit]

As of June 2011, the penetration rate in Taiwan was estimated at 105.354% over a population estimate of around 23 million.[109]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Chunghwa Telecom GSM-900/1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+
900(8)/1800(3) MHz LTE
11.2 CHT (February 2015) Republic of China Ministry of Transportation (35.41%)
2 Taiwan Mobile GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, DC-HSPA+
700/1800 MHz LTE-
9.2[110] (February 2015) Fubon Group
3 FarEasTone GSM-900/1800
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
700 MHz LTE
WiMAX (South Region only)
7.4[111] (September 2014) Far Eastern Group
4 Asia Pacific Telecom/Gt/Ambit LTE, CdmaOne
CDMA2000 EV-DO Rev.B
3.05[112] (June 2012) Foxconn
5 T STAR 2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA
900 MHz LTE
2.85 (September 2014)[113] Taiwan Star Telecom (台灣之星電信) (100%)[114]
6 G1 WiMAX (North Region only) Global Mobile Corporation
7 Vee Telecom
Tatung Infocom
VMAX
WiMAX Vee Telecom

Tajikistan[edit]

As of 2010, Tajikistan has an estimated 4.5 million subscribers in total, a 42% penetration rate.[115]

The Telecom Regulator is the Communications Regulatory Agency (CRA).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Tcell GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
800 MHz LTE
3.301[116] (2013) TeliaSonera
2 Babilon Mobile GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1800/2100 MHz LTE
0.8[117] (March 2008)
3 Beeline GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0.836[44] (May 2011) Tacom (100%: VimpelCom (60%))
4 MLT GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
0.517[44] (May 2011) Megafon (75%)

Thailand[edit]

As of June 2013, the penetration rate in Thailand was 131.84% over a population estimate of around 67.373 million.[118]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 AIS 900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
44.3[119] (Q1 2014) INTOUCH Company (40.45%)
Singtel (21.31%)
2 DTAC GSM 1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
850/2100  MHz UMTS HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
2100 MHz LTE
30.6[119] (Q1 2014) Telenor (42.61%)
Thai Telco Holdings (15.03%)
3 Truemove-H GSM 1800 (GPRS, EDGE)
850/2100 MHz UMTS HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
2100 MHz LTE
4.8[120] (Q2 2014) [Total 23.2] True Corporation
China Mobile (18%)
4 TOT 2100 MHz UMTS HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ 0.18[121] (Q3 2010)
including MVNOs
Telephone Organization of Thailand (TOT)
5 MY 850 MHz UMTS HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ Not Yet Available CAT Telecom
Mobile Virtual Network Operators
1 IEC 2100 MHz UMTS HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ Not Yet Available THE INTERNATIONAL ENGINEERING PUBLIC COMPANY LIMITED (100%)
2 TuneTalk 2100 MHz UMTS HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ Not Yet Available LOXLEY Public Company Limited (50%)
Tune Group Sdn Bhd (10%)
Thai AirAsia (40%)
3 imobile-3GX 2100 MHz UMTS HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ Not Yet Available Samart Corporation Public Company (100%)
4 Mojo 2100 MHz UMTS HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ Not Yet Available M Consult Asia Company (100%)
5 365 850 MHz UMTS HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ Not Yet Available 365 Communication (100%)
6 Truemove-H 850 MHz UMTS HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+ 18.4[120] (Q2 2014) [Total 23.2] True Corporation

Timor-Leste[edit]

As of June 2011, the penetration rate in Timor-Leste was estimated at 46.696% over a population estimate of around 1.2 million.[122]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Timor Telecom GSM-900 0.53[122] (June 2011) Timor Telecom
2 Telkomcel GSM-850 0.099 (September 2013) Telekomunikasi Indonesia International (TL) S.A.

Tonga[edit]

As of November 2007, Tonga has 0.03 million subscribers in total.[123]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Digicel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS) 0.020[123] (November 2007) Digicel Group Ltd
2 TCC GSM-900 MHz (GPRS)
UMTS
0.010[123] (November 2007) Tonga Government

Turkmenistan[edit]

As of 2012, Turkmenistan has 4.44 million subscribers in total or 88.8% penetration rate.

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 MTS GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
1.44[124] (October 2012) MTS
2 TM CELL
(Altyn Asyr)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
LTE
3[125] (October 2012) TM CELL

Tuvalu[edit]

As of 2008, Tuvalu has 2,000 subscribers in total.[126]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 TTC GSM 0.002[126] (2008) TTC

Uzbekistan[edit]

As of March 2011, the penetration rate in Uzbekistan was estimated at 81.205% over a population estimate of around 28.1 million.[127]

The country's telcom regulator is the Uzbekistan Communications and Information Agency’s Board (CIAUz).

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 UCell
(Formerly Coscom)
GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
700/2600 MHz LTE
7.19[128] (November 2010) TeliaSonera (99.7%)
2 Beeline GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSDPA, HSUPA, HSPA, HSPA+, DC-HSPA+
2600 MHz LTE
5.26[44] (May 2011) VimpelCom (100%)
3 UMS GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE),
2100 MHz UMTS
Not available ООО Universal Mobile Systems
4 Uzmobile CdmaOne Not available Uzbektelecom
5 Perfectum CdmaOne Not Yet Available Perfectum

Vanuatu[edit]

As of 2008, Vanuatu has 36,000 subscribers in total.[129]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Telecom Vanuatu GSM-900 MHz 0.01[citation needed][when?] Telecom Vanuatu Ltd
2 Digicel GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
900 MHz UMTS, HSPA
0.01[citation needed][when?] Digicel Group Ltd
3 AIL GSM-900 MHz Not Yet Available ACeS International
4 WanTok 2300 MHz TDD-LTE Not Yet Available

Vietnam[edit]

As of May 2012, the penetration rate in Vietnam was estimated at 120% over a population estimate of around 91 million.[130]

Rank Operator Technology Subscribers
(in millions)
Ownership
1 Viettel Mobile GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
1900/2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
36.72[130] (May 2012) Viettel Corporation
2 MobiFone GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS
29.11[130] (May 2012) VMS (VNPT subsidiary)
3 Vinaphone GSM-900/1800 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
28.71[130] (May 2012) GPC (VNPT subsidiary)
4 Vietnamobile GSM-900 MHz (GPRS, EDGE)
2100 MHz UMTS, HSPA+
10.0[131] (May 2012) Hanoi Telecom, Hutchison Telecommunications International Limited
5 Gmobile
(formerly Beeline)
GSM-1800 MHz 2[132] (May 2010)
GTEL Mobile Joint Stock Company
6 S-Fone CdmaOne, CDMA2000 EVDO 2.0[133] (2010) SPT

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

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