List of equipment of the Canadian Army

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The following is a expansive list of equipment currently in use with the Canadian Army and Primary Reserve.

Infantry weapons[edit]

Assault rifles[edit]

Canadian soldiers of the Kandahar Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) on a patrol with the C7A2

Canada Colt Canada C7 rifle Canadian Army standard issue assault rifle

  • C7A1 - The C7A1 (Diemaco C7FT) replaces the iron sight/carrying handle used on the C7 with a modified Weaver rail for mounting optics
  • C7A2 - The C7A2, has a four-point telescoping stock unit similar to that of the C8 carbine and a 3-rail TRI-AD I mount on the front sight triangle. The C7A2 is also issued with the C79A2 ELCAN optical gunsight with 3.4× magnification but with a uniform green rubber armored coating, but some soldiers who are issued it have either been issued or have purchased sights like the EOTech holographic weapons sight and the Trijicon ACOG
  • C7A3 - The Canadian Forces is looking to upgrade and modernise their stockpile of C7A2 rifles with the newer C7A3 from Colt Canada in the future. One of the biggest upgrades is the replacement of the standard flat-top upper receiver with standard handguards, handguard end cap and front sight base with a monolithic upper receiver with integrated aluminium quad-rail handguard for increased modularity with accessories and free-floating the barrel for augmented precision.
  • C8A1 - The improved C8A1 (Diemaco C8FT) is essentially a C8 carbine with a C7A1 flat-top upper receiver.
  • C8A2 - The C8A2 carbine is very similar to the C8, but having a cold-hammer forged heavy 14.5" barrel (as opposed to the 14.5" pencil-profile barrel) and a flat-top upper receiver.
  • C8SFW - The Special Forces Weapon (SFW) features a longer, 400 mm (15.7 in) barrel of a heavier profile than the C8A1
  • C8A3 - Features the same cold-hammer forged barrel and flat-top upper receiver as the C8FTHB as well as all the mid-life upgrades that appeared on the C7A2 such as the green furniture, ambidextrous charging-handle latch, magazine release and selector lever. It also includes the TRIAD I rail for C8, which has one slot less than the C7 TRIAD I, to accommodate the M203A1 sight.

Patrol Rifles[edit]

Precision Rifles[edit]

Technologies Inc

  • United States C15 long-range sniper weapon (LRSW) - The McMillan Tac-50 is a manually operated, rotary bolt-action rifle. The large bolt has dual front locking lugs, and its body has spiral flutes to reduce weight. The heavy match-grade barrel, made by Lilja barrels, is also fluted to dissipate heat quickly and reduce overall weight and fitted with an effective muzzle brake to reduce recoil.
    Canadian Forces McMillan Tac-50 (C15) long-range sniper weapon (LRSW)

Machine Guns[edit]

Pistols[edit]

Explosive, rocket, and missile systems[edit]

Carl Gustav M4 anti-tank rocket at Bofors exhibition stall at Comprehensive security exhibition 2015 in Tampere.

Vehicles[edit]

Utility vehicles[edit]

Model Type Quantity Origin Notes
MilCOTS Silverado Light Utility Vehicle 11  United States Militarized Commercial Off-The-Shelf or, colloquially, the "Milverado". Replacing the Bombardier Iltis Light Utility Vehicle in non combat use. 2500HD - 2003 Basic model 861 (GM K25943HD)
G-Wagen Light Utility Vehicle 1,159  Germany Replaced the Iltis Light Utility Vehicle in combat zones.
M-Gator Light Utility Vehicle/All Terrain Vehicle 48  United States
LSVW Light Support Vehicle 1,639  Canada Based on Iveco model 40.10 with trailer units
MilCOTS MSVS Medium Logistics Vehicle 1,300[1]  United States Replacing the MLVW between 2009–2013.[2] Option of 1690 including Off-the-Shelf and Standard Military Pattern, project close out fall 2013. Order for 1,500 more from Navistar International was cancelled.[3] These vehicles are primarily intended for domestic, peacetime use by the Canadian Army Reserve.
SMP MSVS Medium Logistics Vehicle 1,587[4]  United States In 2015, Mack Trucks Defense division was awarded a contract for 1,587 trucks based on the Kerax 8x8 platform which would be designated the Standard Military Pattern (SMP) to distinguish them from the earlier pattern of MSVS.[5] Mack's order of 1,587 trucks is expected to be completed between 2019 and 2020.
HLVW Heavy Logistics Vehicle 1,212  Canada Based on Steyr 1491 Percheron truck chassis and built under license by Urban Transportation Development Corporation.
Bv206 Tracked Utility Vehicle 78  Sweden First used in combat during Operation Anaconda in March, 2002.
AHSVS Armoured Heavy Support Vehicle Systems 86  Germany Option for additional 26.[6]
Western Star 4900 series Heavy Engineer Support Vehicles 30  United States [7] Used to transport Reverse Osmosis Water Purification Unit (Advanced Double-pass Portable Reverse-Osmosis Water Purification Unit)

Armoured fighting vehicles[edit]

Model Type Quantity Origin Notes
Leopard 2A6M Main Battle Tank 20  Germany A squadron of 20 Leopard 2A6M ("M" for extra mine protection) tanks "for deployed operations" were leased from the German Bundeswehr for interim use in Afghanistan starting August 2007.[8] 20 Leopard 2A6 were purchased from the Netherlands and then upgraded to the 2A6M standard.[9] The 20 leased German Leopards have been retained and in their place Canada transferred the 20 tanks upgraded to the 2A6M standard purchased from the Netherlands to Germany at the end of the lease agreement. This leaves Canada with a total of 20 Leopard 2A6Ms.
Leopard 2A4+/2A4M Main Battle Tank 60  Germany 80 Leopard 2A4 from Netherlands, with 20 updated in 2007–2008 to a 2A4M CAN version with extra belly armour for mine protection (M) and additional modular armour and other enhancements (CAN). An additional 40 tanks, designated "Leopard 2A4+", have been retained for training and the remaining 20 are to be converted to Engineer (13) and Bridge-Laying (7) support vehicles. 15 Leopard 2A4 from Germany in the summer of 2007 for Logistic Stock Vehicles (for spare parts). 12 Leopard 2A4 from Switzerland in 2010 for conversion to Armoured Recovery Vehicles.[10] Engineering, Developing & Licensing Inc. EODC awarding a contract with IBD Deisenroth Engineering for the Leopard 2A4 with a new evolution concept for modern full spectrum warfare.[11][12][13][9]
M113A3/MTVL Armoured personnel carrier 289  United States 289 of original 1,143 M113's delivered mid-1960s to early 1990s upgraded to A3/MTVL; remainder declared surplus. It is anticipated that the upgraded M113s will be in service until at least 2025.[14]
Textron TAPV (4x4) Armoured Patrol Vehicle 500  Canada To replace the Coyote Armoured Reconnaissance Vehicle and RG-31 Nyala MRAP vehicle.[15]
Coyote Reconnaissance Vehicle (8x8) Armoured reconnaissance vehicle 203  Canada Replaced the Lynx in the armoured reconnaissance role. The Coyote is set to be replaced by 500 Tactical Armoured Patrol Vehicle (TAPV), with an option of 100 more, starting in 2016.[16][17] Final retirement of the Coyote is set for 2019.[18]
Bison (8x8) Armoured personnel carrier 199  Canada TRILS (Tactical Radar Identification and Location System) uses Bison chassis; as Ambulances (74), Mortar vehicles (60), Recovery vehicles (35), Mobile Repair Team vehicles (16), Electronic Warfare vehicles (AERIES) (14). A project to replace the Bison fleet was outlined in the 2018 Defence Capabilities Blueprint. It is expected that these vehicles will be replaced along with the M113 fleet between 2025 and 2030.[14].
LAV III (8x8) Infantry fighting vehicle 638 (651 originally purchased, 13 destroyed in Afghanistan[19])  Canada LAV Infantry Section Carriers (313), LAV Command Post variants (181), LAV Forward Observation Officer (FOO) variants (47), LAV Engineer variants (44). 66 to be converted to Reconnaissance version with the fitting of Surveillance suite (Ex LAV-TUA vehicles, including the 33 converted into RWS equipped Infantry Section Carriers). All vehicles have been upgraded to the LAV 6.0 standard, an upgrade that includes new engine, drivetrain, sighting and data systems and is practically an entirely new vehicle, sufficiently so that hundreds of LAV 3 hulls are now available as monuments.

Mine-resistant vehicles[edit]

Model Type Quantity Origin Notes
Nyala Armoured Personnel Carrier 75  United Kingdom/ South Africa The Canadian Forces use the RG-31 Mk3 with Protector M151 Remote Weapon Station. The RG-31 will be replaced by some of the 500 modern Tactical Armoured Patrol Vehicle from 2016 to 2018.
Cougar H JERRV Armoured Engineer Vehicle (EOD) 40  United States/ South Africa Returned to Canada following Afghan mission.
Buffalo A2 Mine Clearing System 19  United States/ South Africa [20] Returned to Canada following Afghan mission.
JSFU Mine Clearing System 5  United Kingdom Returned to Canada following Afghan mission.
Husky Mine Clearing System 5  South Africa Returned to Canada following Afghan mission.

UAV[edit]

Model Type Quantity Origin Notes
Boeing Insitu RQ-21 Blackjack Unmanned Aerial Vehicle 5  United States 1 system acquired with 5 aircraft
IAI Heron Unmanned Aerial Vehicle 2?  Israel
RQ-11 Raven Unmanned Aerial Vehicle 1  United States

Engineering and support vehicles[edit]

Model Type Quantity Origin Notes
Husky AVGP Armoured Recovery Vehicle 27  Canada The Husky will be life-extended and will continue to be used as a maintenance and recovery vehicle for the next decade.[21] 5 loaned to African Union troops in Sudan in 2005 and then sold on to Uruguay (along with 44 Cougar and 98 surviving Grizzly) in 2009.
ARV 3 M Buffalo Armoured Recovery Vehicle 2 (14)  Germany 2 Leopard 2-based ARVs were purchased from Germany and delivered to Afghanistan in August 2007. Another 12 are to be converted from purchased Swiss Leopard 2A4's into support variants to replace ARV Taurus (armoured recovery vehicles, armoured bridge-laying vehicles and armoured engineering vehicles are planned).[9] A contract for conversion of 8 vehicles was awarded to Rheinmetall Land Systems GmbH, of Kiel, Germany, in November 2011 and extended to a further 4 vehicles in March 2012. Final deliveries should be completed by the end of 2014.[22]
AEV Badger Armoured Engineer Vehicle 9  Germany Uses Leopard 1 chassis; armed with 7.62-mm machine gun (coax) C6–7.62-mm machine gun (external mount) 76-mm grenade launcher. To be replaced by 13 Leopard 2 based WISENT 2 Armoured Engineering Vehicles. FFG Canada awarded contract for conversion in May 2012, anticipated to be completed by late 2015.
AVLB Beaver Armoured Bridge-Laying Vehicle 9  Germany Uses Leopard 1 chassis To be replaced by 7 Leopard 2 based Armoured Bridge-Laying Vehicles.
ARV Taurus Armoured Recovery Vehicle 16  Germany Uses Leopard 1 chassis
Galion 850 series Road grader N/A  United States
Krupp KMK 2025 Crane N/A  Germany
Daewoo Heavy Industries Solar 220LC-III Tracked Excavator N/A  South Korea
Arva Industries Multi-Purpose Engineer Vehicle ballistic protected backhoe and front end loader 27  Canada

Camouflage[edit]

Vehicle camouflage used by CF Land Forces varies. Older vehicles use the 3 colour (green, brown and black) and olive drab. Those in service in the United Nations missions were painted white with the words "UN" in black or with the UN logo and a blue banner with the words "United Nations" in white.

Aircraft[edit]

All Canadian Forces aircraft, including helicopters and unmanned aerial vehicles intended for army use, fall under the command of the Royal Canadian Air Force.

Artillery[edit]

Field artillery[edit]

Model Type Quantity Origin Notes
L16 81mm Mortar N/A  United Kingdom Recently returned to the Infantry Corps.
C3 Close Support Gun 105mm Howitzer 96  United States Upgraded C1 Howitzer, a Canadian built version of the American WW2 M101 howitzer. Serve as training guns for reserve units.
LG1 Mark II 105mm Howitzer 28  France Relegated to training duties in Atlantic Canada
M777 155mm Howitzer 37  United Kingdom XM982 Excalibur 155mm artillery shells purchased for use with the M777.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Medium Support Vehicle System - Defence Capabilities Blueprint".
  2. ^ "MacKay announces 1,300 new military trucks". Winnipeg Sun. 2009-01-09.
  3. ^ "Oshkosh Defense delivers MSVS SMP Medium Support Vehicle System to Canadian army". January 9, 2014. Archived from the original on 2014-01-10. Retrieved 2014-01-10.
  4. ^ "Medium Support Vehicle System - Defence Capabilities Blueprint".
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2017-03-12. Retrieved 2017-03-09.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ "AHSVS". Canadian American Strategic Review. Archived from the original on 2008-04-19. Retrieved 2017-09-03.
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-09-25. Retrieved 2015-09-24.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  8. ^ "Background—CF Leased & Purchased Leopard 2A6M/2A4 Tanks". Canadian American Strategic Review. Archived from the original on 2008-04-16.
  9. ^ a b c "Canada's Renewed Tank Capability". Department of National Defence. Archived from the original on 2010-03-27. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
  10. ^ "Tanks for the Lesson: Leopards, too, for Canada". Defense Industry Daily. Archived from the original on 2008-06-21. Retrieved 2015-07-18.
  11. ^ "IBD and EODC Introducing the Evolution Concept for Medium Armored Vehicles" (PDF) (Press release). IBD Deisenroth. 2009-06-09. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2012-02-25. Retrieved 2018-11-10.
  12. ^ "Leopard 2A4 Evolution". IBD Deisenroth. Archived from the original on 2012-02-25.
  13. ^ "Comprehensive Protection in Urban Warfare" (PDF). Jane's Information Group. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2008-10-14. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
  14. ^ a b "Armored Combat Support Vehicle - Defence Capabilities Blueprint".
  15. ^ "Textron Canada has delivered the first four TAPV 4x4 armoured vehicles to Canadian Army". August 9, 2013. Archived from the original on 2015-09-23. Retrieved 2013-08-11.
  16. ^ "Tactical Armoured Patrol Vehicle – TAPV". DND. Archived from the original on 2011-11-15. Retrieved 2011-10-24.
  17. ^ "Textron Readies More Mobile TAPV for Canada". Defence News.
  18. ^ "Outgoing COYOTE LAV to be more than a museum piece". Army News. Archived from the original on 2017-12-12. Retrieved 2018-11-10.
  19. ^ "Canadian military lost 34 vehicles in Afghanistan, 359 damaged". July 19, 2012. Archived from the original on 2018-08-06. Retrieved 2018-08-06.
  20. ^ "Canadian Forces to Receive Additional Force Protection Vehicles > Canada > Military". Force Protection. 2008-11-17. Archived from the original on 2008-12-27. Retrieved 2008-11-17.
  21. ^ "Equipment > Canadian Army > Husky". Department of National Defence. Archived from the original on 2009-07-14. Retrieved 2010-01-21.
  22. ^ "Canadian Army's Leopard 2 a complicated beast". Ottawa Citizen. Archived from the original on 2015-07-20. Retrieved 2015-07-18.