List of modern conflicts in North Africa

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  Northern Africa (UN subregion)
  geographic, including above

Note:

  • "Modern" is defined as post-WWI period, from 1918 until today.
  • "North Africa" has a definition approximately that of the Arab term `Maghreb`.
  • "Conflict" is defined as a separate 100+ casualty incident.
  • In all cases conflicts are listed by total deaths, including subconflicts (specified below).


List of conflicts[edit]

Date Conflict Location Casualties
1919 Egyptian Revolution of 1919 Egypt 800[1]-3,000[2]
1920–1926 Rif War[3]  Republic of the Rif 40,000–46,400
1939–1945 Mediterranean, Middle East and African theatres of World War II [a][verification needed] Algeria,  Egypt, Libya, Morocco, Tunisia 1,000,000
1945 1945 Tripoli pogrom British Tripolitania 140
1946 Egyptian Student Riots [4][verification needed][5]  Egypt 100–300
1952 Egyptian Revolution of 1952 Egypt
1952–1954 Tunisian War of Independence[citation needed]  Tunisia 2,500
1955–1972 First Sudanese Civil War  Sudan 500,000
1954–1962 Algerian War of Independence[citation needed]  Algeria 179,000–1,500,000
1957–1958 Ifni War  Morocco 8,400
1961 Bizerte crisis  Tunisia 654
1961–1964 First Tuareg rebellion  Mali  Niger
1963–1964 1963 Algerian civil war  Algeria 1,500
1963–1964 Sand War  Morocco,  Algeria 339
1965–1979 Civil war in Chad  Chad 500+
1970–2011 Western Sahara conflict[b]  Mauritania,  Morocco,  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic 14,000–21,000
1977 Libyan–Egyptian War [6]  Egypt,  Libya 500
1978–1987 Chadian–Libyan conflict  Libya,  Chad 8,500
1979–1982 Civil conflict in Chad[citation needed]  Chad
1982–2002 Chadian Civil War[citation needed]  Chad 37,500
1983–2005 Second Sudanese Civil War[citation needed]  Sudan 600,000–2,500,000
1983–1984 Tunisian bread riots[citation needed]  Tunisia 150[7]
1986 Bombing of Libya (1986)  Libya 100
1986 1986 Egyptian Conscription Riot [8]  Egypt 107
1987 Executions by Abu Nidal's organization[9]  Libya 150–160
1990–1995 Tuareg Rebellion (1990–1995)[c]  Mali  Niger 650-1,500
1992–2000 Terrorism in Egypt [10][unreliable source?]  Egypt 1,300–2,000
1992–2002 Algerian Civil War[citation needed]  Algeria 100,000–200,000
2001–2002 Black Spring (Kabylie) [11]  Algeria 123
2002– Insurgency in the Maghreb  Morocco,  Algeria,  Mauritania,  Niger,  Mali 6000
2003– War in Darfur  Sudan 100,000–330,000
2005–2010 Civil war in Chad (2005–2010)  Chad  Sudan 1,140
2007–2009 Tuareg Rebellion (2007–2009)  Mali  Niger 350-1,330
2009– Sudanese nomadic conflicts  Sudan  South Sudan 3,000–3,500
2010– Tunisian Revolution  Tunisia 224
2011– Sudan–SPLM-N conflict  Sudan 1,500
2011–present Egyptian Crisis  Egypt 4,686-4,687[d]
2011–present Libyan Crisis  Libya 40,000+[e]
2011–2013 Protests in Sudan (2011–13)  Sudan 200+
2012– Northern Mali conflict  Mali 105–117

Casualties breakdown[edit]

[a].^ North African Campaign (WWII) – combined figure ~430,000 killed:

Western Desert Campaign – 50,000 casualties.
Battle of Cape Bon – 900+ casualties.
Raid on Alexandria (1941) – 8 casualties.
Action off Cape Bougaroun – 27 killed.
Mers al-Kbir – 1,299 killed.
Operation Torch – 1,825 killed.
Tunisia campaign – ~376,000 killed.

[b].^ Polisario Front dispute for independence (combined casualty figure 14,020–14,038):

Western Sahara War – 7,000 Moroccan, Mauritianian and French soldiers killed; 4,000 Polisario killed; 3,000 civilians killed.
Independence Intifada (Western Sahara) – 1 killed.
Gdeim Izik protest camp – 18–36 killed.
2011 Sahrawi protests – 1 killed.

[c].^ Tuareg rebellion (1990–1995) combined casualties at least 650-1,500:

Tchin-Tabaradene massacre – 650-1,500 civilians killed.

[d].^ Egyptian Crisis combined casualty figure 4,686-4,687:

2011 Egyptian Revolution – 846 killed
Aftermath of the Egyptian Revolution – 300 killed
Timeline of the Egyptian Crisis under Mohamed Morsi 127-128 killed
Post-coup unrest in Egypt (2013–2014) 3143 killed
Insurgency in Egypt (2013–present) 570 killed

[d].^ Libyan Crisis combined casualty figure 40,000+:

2011 Libyan civil war – 25,000–30,000 killed
Post-civil war violence in Libya – Over 1000 killed
2014-present civil war in Libya - thousands killed

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "800 NATIVES DEAD IN EGYPT'S RISING - 1,600 WOUNDED - Harmsworth Tells the Commons of Casualties in the Recent Outbreak. DEATH SENTENCES FOR 39 More Than 2,000 Imprisoned- British, Army Sustained Loss of 143. ALLENBY'S CONTROL FIRM Disorders Ended in April-Mahomed Said Pasha Co-operating as Premier. - Front Page - NYTimes.com". Select.nytimes.com. 2012-06-10. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  2. ^ "A Modern History of the Islamic World – Reinhard Schulze – Google Books". Google.com. 2002-05-28. Retrieved 2012-08-14. 
  3. ^ Timeline for the Third Rif War (1920–25) Steven Thomas
  4. ^ "Egypt: Police Crack Down on Student Demonstration". Ikhwanweb. Retrieved 2013-10-14. 
  5. ^ Ahmed Abdalla, The Student Movement and National Politics in Egypt 1923–1973. 2008: pp. 64–77 (1946: The Climax)
  6. ^ Pollack, Kenneth M. (2016-01-21). Arabs at War: Military Effectiveness, 1948-1991. Bison Books. p. 365. ISBN 0-8032-8783-6. 
  7. ^ Entelis 1997, p. 98.
  8. ^ Europa Publications Limited, The Middle East & North Africa, Volume 50: p.303
  9. ^ The New York Times. 1990. "Last October, the Fatah Revolutionary Council split after Abu Nidal's top aide, Atef Abu Baker, defected to P.L.O. headquarters in Tunis and set up his own faction, which he called the Fatah Revolutionary Council Emergency Leadership. Abu Baker said he had acted after Abu Nidal killed 150 of his men at his head office in the Libyan capital, Tripoli."[1]
  10. ^ "Armed Conflicts Report – Egypt". Ploughshares.ca. Retrieved 2011-02-01. 
  11. ^ "Algeria : Unrest and Impasse in Kabylia : 10 June 2013" (PDF). Crisisgroup.org. Retrieved 2013-10-14.