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List of Thai monarchs

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King of Thailand
Vajiralongkorn (Rama X)
since 13 October 2016
StyleHis Majesty
Heir presumptiveDipangkorn Rasmijoti
First monarchSi Inthrathit of Sukhothai
ResidenceGrand Palace (official)
Dusit Palace (private)
WebsiteRoyal Office

The succession of Thai monarchs began with Si Inthrathit at the establishment of the first Thai kingdom in 1238. With brief interruptions, 55 monarchs have ruled over four successive kingdoms, the current monarch being Vajiralongkorn (Rama X) of the Chakri dynasty.

Titles and naming conventions[edit]

In the Sukhothai Kingdom, the monarch used the title Pho Khun (Thai: พ่อขุน), and monarchs who reigned over the period of decline after Ram Khamhaeng the Great used the title Phaya (Thai: พญา).

In the Ayutthaya Kingdom and afterward, thanandon, the system of Thai royal titles, determines the style of the monarch's full regnal name (which includes the title), consisting of two interconnected parts:

  • The first part is the title Phra Bat Somdet Phra Chao Yu Hua (Thai: พระบาทสมเด็จพระเจ้าอยู่หัว, 'His Majesty the King'). The title is split by the regnal name, written between Phra and Chao. If the monarch was not formally crowned, Phra Bat is omitted. If the monarch ruled as a tributary or was usurped, Somdet may be omitted.
    • Sometimes, Chao Yu Hua is fully omitted. Other times, only Yu Hua is omitted, in which case Chao follows the remaining components of the title and precedes the regnal name.
  • The second part is the regnal name, of which only a portion may be used to commonly refer to the monarch. It may differ from their birth name, their name as uparaja (viceroy), or their posthumous name and/or historical style. This list refers to monarchs by the names most often used by traditional historians.[1]

Western nations referred to the monarch as the "King of Siam" (Latin: Rex Siamensium), regardless of Thai titles, since the initiation of relations in the 16th century. Mongkut (Rama IV) was the first monarch to adopt the title when the name Siam was first used in an international treaty.[2] When the kingdom's name was changed to Thailand, the monarch's Western title changed accordingly.[3]

Sukhothai Kingdom (1238–1438)[edit]

Tai peoples migrated into mainland Southeast Asia in the 8th–10th centuries.[4] In the years after, Northern Thai groups established mueang that evolved into larger states, such as Ngoenyang.[5][6] However, it was not until the decline of the Khmer Empire in the 13th century that a Central Thai kingdom politically and culturally related to modern Thailand was first founded.

Phra Ruang dynasty (1238–1438)[edit]

The Phra Ruang dynasty was the only royal lineage that ruled over the Sukhothai Kingdom, the first Central Thai state. Established by Si Inthrathit in 1238, who declared independence from the Khmer Empire, the dynasty laid the foundations for Thai society.[7] Under Ram Khamhaeng the Great, the initial Thai script was invented and Therāvada Buddhism was established as the state religion.[8]: 197 [9]: 25 

The dynasty is named after the Traiphum Phra Ruang, a Buddhist cosmology book written by Maha Thammaracha I. During his reign, the kingdom was invaded by Ayutthaya, a neighboring Thai state, becoming a tributary during the reign of Maha Thammaracha II.[8]: 222 

In the Sukhothai Kingdom, the monarch ruled from the city of Sukhothai, while the heir presumptive would occasionally be named uparaja, or viceroy, and ruled in Si Satchanalai. In 1438, Ayutthaya annexed Sukhothai at the death of Maha Thammaracha IV when Borommarachathirat II of Ayutthaya named his son Prince Ramesuan uparaja. In Ayutthaya, the tradition would evolve into the Front Palace system.[10]

No. Portrait Regnal Name Personal Name Reign Succession Life details
1 Kamonteng Ansi Inthrabodinthrathit
Pho Khun Si Inthrathit
Pho Khun Bang Klang Hao
1238 – 1270
(32 years)
Monarchy established 1188 – 1270
(aged 82)
Ruled locally in the Khmer Empire as Bang Klang Hao. His rebellion led to the establishment of Sukhothai, the first Central Thai kingdom[7]
2 Pho Khun Ban Mueang
1270 – 1279
(9 years)
Son of Si Inthrathit c. 1237 – 1279
(aged approx. 42)
Namesake for birth name of Maha Thammaracha IV[11]
3 Phrabat Kamonteng Ansi Rammarat
Pho Khun Ram Khamhaeng the Great
1279 – 1298
(19 years)
Younger brother of Ban Mueang; named uparaja c. 1237/1247 – 1298
(aged approx. 51/61)
Oversaw the height of Sukhothai prosperity, the development of the Thai script, and the propagation of Therāvada Buddhism within Sukhothai[8]
4 Phraya Loe Thai
1298 – 1323
(25 years)
Son of Ram Khamhaeng the Great c. 1262 – 1323
(aged approx. 61)
Brother of Burmese queen consort May Hnin Thwe-Da.[12] His reign saw the decline of Sukhothai, as regions conquered by Ram Khamhaeng broke away
5 Phraya Ngua Nam Thum
1323 – 1347
(24 years)
Son of Ban Mueang and cousin of Loe Thai c. 1266 – 1347
(aged approx. 81)
Brother of Burmese queen consort May Hnin Htapi.[13] Origin of his name is disputed[14]
6 Phra Maha Thammaracha I
พระมหาธรรมราชาที่ ๑
Phraya Li Thai
1347 – 1368
(21 years)
Son of Loe Thai and first cousin once removed of Ngua Nam Thum; named uparaja as Li Thai in 1340/41[11] c. 1300 – 1368
(aged approx. 68)
Known for his devotion to Buddhist philosophy and writing.[9] During his reign Ayutthaya began invasions into Sukhothai[8]
1378: Sukhothai became a tributary state of the Ayutthaya Kingdom.
7 Phra Maha Thammaracha II
พระมหาธรรมราชาที่ ๒
Phraya Lue Thai
1368 – c. 1400
(approx. 32 years)
Son of Maha Thammaracha I c. 1358 – 1400
(aged approx. 42)
Born Lue Thai. Under his rule the dynasty continued under tributary status[8]
8 Phra Maha Thammaracha III
พระมหาธรรมราชาที่ ๓
Phraya Sai Lue Thai
c. 1400 – 1419
(approx. 19 years)
Son of Maha Thammaracha II c. 1380 – 1419
(aged approx. 39)
Born Sai Lue Thai
9 Phra Maha Thammaracha IV
พระมหาธรรมราชาที่ ๔
Phraya Borommapan
1419 – 1438
(19 years)
Son of Maha Thammaracha III c. 1401 – 1438
(aged approx. 37)
Born Borommapan. Won the throne against his brother after the intervention of Intharacha of Ayutthaya.[15] Upon his death, Borommarachathirat II of Ayutthaya installed his son as uparaja, ending Phra Ruang succession[10]
1438: Unification with Ayutthaya ended Sukhothai autonomy.

Ayutthaya Kingdom (1351–1767)[edit]

1st Uthong dynasty (1351–1370)[edit]

No. Portrait Regnal Name Personal Name Birth Reign from Reign until Death Notes
1 Somdet Phra Ramathibodi I
สมเด็จพระรามาธิบดีที่ ๑
Phra Chao Uthong
3 April 1314 4 March 1351[16] 1369 (18 years)
(63 years old)
 • First King of Ayutthaya
2 Somdet Phra Ramesuan
1339 1369 1370 (less than one year)
(56 years old)
 • Son of Uthong

1st Suphannaphum dynasty (1370–1388)[edit]

No. Portrait Regnal Name Personal Name Birth Reign from Reign until Death Notes
3 Somdet Phra Borommarachathirat I
สมเด็จพระบรมราชาธิราชที่ ๑
Khun Luang Pha Ngua
1310 1370 1388 (18 years)
(78 years old)
 • Husband of Uthong's older sister
 • Usurper
 • Former Lord of Suphanburi
4 Somdet Phra Chao Thong Lan
1374 1388 (7 days)
(14 years old)
 • Son of Borommarachathirat I

2nd Uthong dynasty (1388–1409)[edit]

No. Portrait Regnal Name Personal Name Birth Reign from Reign until Death Notes
(2) Somdet Phra Ramesuan
1339 1388 1395 (7 years)
(56 years old)
 • Former King reclaiming the throne
 • Son of Uthong
5 Somdet Phra Chao Ramracha
Somdet Phraya Ram Chao
1356 1395 1409 (14 years)
?  • Son of Ramesuan

2nd Suphannaphum dynasty (1409–1569)[edit]

No. Portrait Regnal Name Personal Name Birth Reign from Reign until Death Notes
6 Somdet Phra Intharachathirat
Chao Nakhon In
1359 1409 1424 (15 years)
(65 years old)
 • Son of Borommarachathirat I
 • Former Lord of Suphanburi, offered crown
7 Somdet Phra Borommarachathirat II
สมเด็จพระบรมราชาธิราชที่ ๒
Chao Sam Phraya
1386 1424 1448 (24 years)
(62 years old)
 • Son of Inthracha I
Administrative reform Chatusadom, 1463
8 Somdet Phra Mahathibodi Borommatrailokkanat Mahathephayamanut Borisuthisuriwong Ongphutthangkunborombophit
สมเด็จพระรามาธิบดีบรมไตรโลกนาถ มหามงกุฎเทพยมนุษย์ บริสุทธิสุริยวงศ์ องค์พุทธางกูรบรมบพิตร
Phra Ramesuan (II)
พระราเมศวร (ที่๒)
1431 1448 1488 (40 years)
(57 years old)
 • Son of Borommarachathirat II
9 Somdet Phra Borommarachathirat III
สมเด็จพระบรมราชาธิราชที่ ๓
Phra Borommaracha
1462 1488 1491 (3 years)
(29 years old)
 • Son of Borommatrailokkanat
10 Somdet Phra Ramathibodi II
สมเด็จพระรามาธิบดีที่ ๒
Phra Chettha
1473 1491 10 October 1529 (38 years)
(56 years old)
 • Younger brother of Borommarachathirat III
 • Son of Borommatrailokkanat
11 Somdet Phra Borommarachathirat IV
สมเด็จพระบรมราชาธิราชที่ ๔
Phra Athittayawong
1488 10 October 1529 1533 (4 years)
(45 years old)
 • Son of Ramathibodi II
12 Somdet Phra Ratsadathirat
1529 1533 (5 months)
(4 years old)
 • Son of Borommarachathirat IV
 • Child King, reign under regency
13 Somdet Phra Chairachathirat
1499 1533 1546 (13 years)
(47 years old)
 • Uncle of Ratsadathirat
 • Son of Ramathibodi II
 • Usurper
14 Somdet Phra Yotfa
1535 1546 1548 (2 years) 10 June 1548
(13 years old)
 • Son of Chairacha
- Khun Worawongsathirat
1503 before 10 June 1548 11 November 1548 - 5 January 1549
(45 years old)
 • Usurper monarch, not accepted by some historians
15 Somdet Phra Maha Chakkraphat
Phra Chao Chang Pheuak
Phra Thianracha
1509 1548 1568 (20 years)
(59 years old)
 • Son of Ramathibodi II
 • Younger brother of Borommarachathirat IV and Chairacha
 • Seized the throne from usurper
 • Became a Buddhist monk at Pegu (1564–1568)
16 Somdet Phra Mahinthrathirat
1539 1568 2 August 1569 (1 year) c. late 1569
(30 years old)
 • Son of Maha Chakkraphat and Queen Suriyothai
First Fall of Ayutthaya

Sukhothai dynasty (1569–1629)[edit]

No. Portrait Regnal Name Personal Name Birth Reign from Reign until Death Notes
Vassal of the First Toungoo Empire (1569–1584)
17 Somdet Phra Sanphet I
สมเด็จพระสรรเพชญ์ที่ ๑
Somdet Phra Maha Thammarachathirat
1517 1569 c. 30 June 1590 (21 years)
(73 years old)
 • Former Lord of Phitsanulok
 • Son-in-law of Maha Chakkraphat and Queen Suriyothai
 • Installed as vassal of Bayinnaung of Burma, declared independence in 1584
Independence from the First Toungoo Empire, 1584
18 Somdet Phra Sanphet II
สมเด็จพระสรรเพชญ์ที่ ๒
Somdet Phra Naresuan the Great
1555/56 1 July 1590 25 April 1605 (15 years)
(49 years old)
 • Son of Maha Thammarachathirat I
19 Somdet Phra Sanphet III
สมเด็จพระสรรเพชญ์ที่ ๓
Somdet Phra Ekathotsarot
1557 25 April 1605 1610 (5 years)
(53 years old)
 • Brother of Naresuan
 • Son of Maha Thammarachathirat I
20 Somdet Phra Sanphet IV
สมเด็จพระสรรเพชญ์ที่ ๔
Somdet Phra Si Saowaphak
1585 1610 1611 (1 year, 2 months)
(26 years old)
 • Son of Ekathotsarot
21 Somdet Phra Borommaracha I
สมเด็จพระบรมราชาที่ ๑
Somdet Phra Songtham
1590 1611 12 December 1628 (17 years)
(38 years old)
 • Son of Ekathotsarot, invited to take the throne after leaving the Sangha
22 Somdet Phra Borommaracha II
สมเด็จพระบรมราชาที่ ๒
Somdet Phra Chetthathirat
c. 1613 12 December 1628 1628–1629 (1 year)
(16 years old)
 • Son of Songtham
23 Somdet Phra Athittayawong
1620 1629 (36 days)
(17 years old)
 • Younger brother of Chetthathirat II
 • Son of Songtham

Prasat Thong dynasty (1629–1688)[edit]

No. Portrait Regnal Name Personal Name Birth Reign from Reign until Death Notes
24 Somdet Phra Chao Sanphet V
สมเด็จพระสรรเพชญ์ที่ ๕
Somdet Phra Chao Prasat Thong
1599 1629[17][18] August 1655 (26 years)
(56 years old)
 • Usurper, formerly the Kalahom
 • Rumored to be a son of Ekathotsarot
25 Somdet Phra Sanphet VI
สมเด็จพระสรรเพชญ์ที่ ๖
Somdet Chao Fa Chai
1630 August 1655 1656 (1 year)
(26 years old)
 • Son of Prasat Thong
26 Somdet Phra Sanphet VII
สมเด็จพระสรรเพชญ์ที่ ๗
Somdet Phra Si Suthammarachathirat
1600 August 1656 26 October 1656 (~2 months)
(56 years old)
 • Usurper, Uncle of Chao Fa Chai
 • Younger brother of Prasat Thong
27 Somdet Phra Ramathibodi III
สมเด็จพระรามาธิบดีที่ ๓
Somdet Phra Narai the Great
16 February 1632 26 October 1656 11 July 1688 (32 years)
(56 years old)
 • Usurper, nephew of Si Suthammaracha
 • Son of Prasat Thong
 • Half-brother of Chao Fa Chai
 • Former Front Palace
The Siamese revolution of 1688; populist upheaval[19]

Ban Phlu Luang dynasty (1688–1767)[edit]

No. Portrait Regnal Name Personal Name Birth Reign from Reign until Death Notes
28 Somdet Phra Phetracha
Somdet Phra Mahaburut
1632 11 July 1688 5 February 1703 (14 years)
(71 years old)
 • Former commander of the Royal Elephant Corps
29 Somdet Phra Sanphet VIII
สมเด็จพระสรรเพชญ์ที่ ๘
Somdet Phra Suriyenthrathibodi
Phra Chao Seua
1661 5 February 1703 9 February 1709 (7 years)
(48 years old)
 • Adoptive son of Phetracha
 • Son of Narai and Chiang Mai's Princess that was given to be Phetracha's wife later.
30 Somdet Phra Sanphet IX
สมเด็จพระสรรเพชญ์ที่ ๙
Phra Chao Thai Sa
1679 9 February 1709 13 January 1733 (23 years)
(54 years old)
 • Son of Suriyenthrathibodi
31 Somdet Phra Maha Thammarachathirat II
สมเด็จพระมหาธรรมราชาธิราชที่ ๒
Somdet Phra Chao Yu Hua Borommakot
c. 1681[20] 13 January 1733 26 April 1758 (26 years)
(77 years old)
 • Brother of Thai Sa, Former Front Palace
 • Son of Suriyenthrathibodi
32 Somdet Phra Maha Thammarachathirat III
สมเด็จพระมหาธรรมราชาธิราชที่ ๓
Somdet Phra Chao Uthumphon
1733 1 May 1758 1758 (3 months) 1796
(~63 years old)
 • Son of Borommakot
 • Former Front Palace
33 Somdet Phra
Borommaracha III

สมเด็จพระบรมราชาที่ ๓
Somdet Phra Thinang Suriyat Amarin
Somdet Phra Chao Ekkathat
1718 1758 7 April 1767 (9 years) 17 April 1767
(49 years old)
 • Usurper, brother of Uthumphon
 • Son of Borommakot
Second Fall of Ayutthaya

Thonburi Kingdom (1767–1782)[edit]

Thonburi dynasty (1767–1782)[edit]

No. Portrait Regnal Name Personal Name Birth Reign from Reign until Death Notes
1 Somdet Phra Sanphet X
สมเด็จพระสรรเพชญ์ที่ ๑๐
Somdet Phra
Borommaracha IV

สมเด็จพระบรมราชาที่ ๔
Somdet Phra Chao Taksin the Great
17 April 1734 28 December 1767 1 April 1782
(14 years)
7 April 1782
(47 years old)
 • Only King of Thonburi
 • Son of Yong Saetae a Teochew Chinese family named "Tea" (鄭) or "Zheng" in Mandarin Chinese and Thephamat
The coup seized power as the Rattanakosin Kingdom[24]

Rattanakosin Kingdom (1782–present)[edit]

Chakri dynasty (1782–present)[edit]

No. Portrait Regnal Name Personal Name Birth
Reign ends Death Notes
1 Rama I
รัชกาลที่ ๑
Phrabat Somdet Phra Paramoruracha Maha Chakri Boromanat Phra Phutthayotfa Chulalok the Great
พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรโมรุราชามหาจักรีบรมนารถ พระพุทธยอดฟ้าจุฬาโลกมหาราช
Somdet Chao Phraya Maha Kasatseuk
20 March 1737
4th child (2nd son) of Thongdee (Mon nobleman) and Yok
6 April 1782
(1st: 10 June 1782,
2nd: 17 June 1785)
7 September 1809
(27 years 154 days)
(72 years old)
 • Father-in-law of Taksin
 • His father was a great-grandson of Kosa Pan, his mother the daughter of a Hokkien Chinese millionaire family.

 • Claimed to be a descendant of Sukhothai dynasty
2 Rama II
รัชกาลที่ ๒
Phrabat Somdet Phra Boromratchapongchet Mahetsawarasunthon Phra Phutthaloetla Naphalai
พระบาทสมเด็จพระบรมราชพงษเชษฐมเหศวรสุนทร พระพุทธเลิศหล้านภาลัย
24 February 1767
4th child (2nd son) of Rama I and Queen Amarindra
7 September 1809
(17 September 1809)
21 July 1824
(14 years 317 days)
(57 years old)
3 Rama III
รัชกาลที่ ๓
Phrabat Somdet Phra Paramathiworaset Maha Chesadabodindra Phra Nangklao Chao Yu Hua
พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรมาธิวรเสรฐมหาเจษฎาบดินทรฯ พระนั่งเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว
Phra Maha Chettha Chao
31 March 1788
3rd child (2nd son) of Rama II and 1st child of Consort Sri Sulalai
21 July 1824
(1 August 1824)
2 April 1851
(26 years 255 days)
(63 years old)
His mother was a great-great-great-great-granddaughter of Sultan Sulaiman Shah of Singora.
Rama IV
รัชกาลที่ ๔
Phrabat Somdet Phra Poramenthra Ramathibodhi Srisindra Maha Mongkut Phra Chomklao Chao Yu Hua
พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรเมนทรรามาธิบดีศรีสินทรมหามงกุฎ พระจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว
Phra Sayam Thewa Maha Makut Witthaya the Great
18 October 1804
44th child (22nd son) of Rama II and 2nd son of Queen Sri Suriyendra
2 April 1851
(15 May 1851)
1 October 1868
(17 years 182 days)
(63 years old)
Half-brother of Rama III
The feudal system was changed to absolute monarchy in 1892
Rama V
รัชกาลที่ ๕
Phrabat Somdet Phra Poraminthra Maha Chulalongkorn Phra Chulachomklao Chao Yu Hua
พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรมินทรมหาจุฬาลงกรณ์ฯ พระจุลจอมเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว
Phra Piya the Great
(His full name is 979 characters long)
20 September 1853
9th child (5th son) of Rama IV and 1st child of Queen Debsirindra
1 October 1868
(1st: 11 November 1868,
2nd: 16 November 1873)
23 October 1910
(42 years 22 days)
(57 years old)
Under regency of Grand Duke Sri Suriwongse (1868–1873)
Rama VI
รัชกาลที่ ๖
Phrabat Somdet Phra Poramenthra Maha Vajiravudh Phra Mongkut Klao Chao Yu Hua
พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรเมนทรมหาวชิราวุธ พระมงกุฎเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว
Phra Maha Thirarat Chao
1 January 1881
28th child (11th son) of Rama V and 2nd child of Queen Saovabha Phongsri
23 October 1910
(1st: 11 November 1910,
2nd: 28 November 1911)
26 November 1925
(15 years 34 days)
(44 years old)
Rama VII
รัชกาลที่ ๗
Phrabat Somdet Phra Poramenthra Maha Prajadhipok Phra Pok Klao Chao Yu Hua
พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรมินทรมหาประชาธิปก พระปกเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว
8 November 1893
27th child (31st son) of Rama V and 9th child of Queen Saovabha Phongsri
26 November 1925
(25 February 1926)
2 March 1935
(9 years 96 days)
30 May 1941
(47 years old)
Younger brother of Rama VI
The Siamese revolution of 1932 ended absolute monarchy
รัชกาลที่ ๘
Phrabat Somdet Phra Poramenthra Maha Ananda Mahidol Phra Atthamaramathibodin
พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรเมนทรมหาอานันทมหิดล พระอัฐมรามาธิบดินทร
20 September 1925
2nd child (1st son) of Mahidol Adulyadej and Consort Sangwan
2 March 1935
(11 August 1946; posthumous)[25]
9 June 1946
(11 years 99 days)
(20 years old)
 • Nephew of Rama VII
 • Under regency from 1935–1946
Rama IX
รัชกาลที่ ๙
Phrabat Somdet Phra Poraminthra Maha Bhumibol Adulyadej the Great Mahitalathibet Ramathibodi Chakri Naribodin Sayamintharathirat Boromanatbophit
พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรมินทรมหาภูมิพลอดุลยเดช มหาราช มหิตลาธิเบศรรามาธิบดี จักรีนฤบดินทร สยามินทราธิราช บรมนาถบพิตร
Phra Phatthara the Great
5 December 1927
3rd child (2nd son) of Mahidol Adulyadej and Consort Sangwan
9 June 1946
(5 May 1950)
13 October 2016
(70 years 126 days)
(88 years old)
 • Younger brother of Rama VIII
 • Under regency from 1946–1949
Rama X
รัชกาลที่ ๑๐
Phrabat Somdet Phra Poramenthra Mahathibodi Sisintharamaha Vajiralongkorn Phra Wachiraklao Chao Yu Hua
พระบาทสมเด็จพระปรเมนทรรามาธิบดีศรีสินทรมหาวชิราลงกรณ พระวชิรเกล้าเจ้าอยู่หัว
28 July 1952
2nd child (only son) of Rama IX and Queen Sirikit
13 October 2016
(4 May 2019)[26]
(7 years, 245 days)
(71 years old)

Timeline of monarchs[edit]

VajiralongkornBhumibol AdulyadejAnanda MahidolPrajadhipokVajiravudhChulalongkornMongkutRama IIIRama II of SiamRama ITaksinEkkathatUthumphonBoromakotThai SaSuriyenthrathibodiPhetrachaNaraiSi SuthammarachaChao Fa ChaiPrasat ThongAthittayawongChetthathiratSongthamSi SaowaphakEkathotsarotNaresuanMahathammarachathiratMahinthrathiratMaha ChakkraphatWorawongsathiratYodfaChairachaRatsadathiratBorommarachathirat IVRamathibodi IIBorommaracha IIIBorommatrailokkanatBorommarachathirat IIIntharacha (king of Ayutthaya)RamrachathiratRamesuan (king of Ayutthaya)Thong LanBorommarachathirat IRamesuan (king of Ayutthaya)UthongMahathammaracha IVMahathammaracha IIIMahathammaracha IIMahathammaracha INgua Nam ThumLoe ThaiRam KhamhaengBan MueangSi Inthrathit

Family tree of the Thai monarchs[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Accounts vastly differ to when Taksin stepped down from the throne and entered the monkhood, which has been argued to have occurred as early as three months prior to his execution.[23]
  2. ^ Traditionally accepted date of his execution


  1. ^ Jones, Robert B. (June 1971). "Thai titles and ranks; including a translation of Traditions of royal lineage in Siam by King Chulalongkorn". Southeast Asia Program Data Papers Series. hdl:1813/57549 – via Cornell University.
  2. ^ ""สยาม" ถูกใช้เรียกชื่อประเทศเป็นทางการสมัยรัชกาลที่ 4" (in Thai). ศิลปวัฒนธรรม. 6 July 2017. Retrieved 10 August 2017.
  3. ^ "Siam definition and meaning". Collins English Dictionary. Retrieved 11 January 2020.
  4. ^ Pittayaporn, Pittayawat (2014). Layers of Chinese loanwords in Proto-Southwestern Tai as Evidence for the Dating of the Spread of Southwestern Tai Archived 27 June 2015 at the Wayback Machine. MANUSYA: Journal of Humanities, Special Issue No 20: 47–64.
  5. ^ Probably The Chiang Mai Chronicle, ISBN 974-7100-62-2
  6. ^ Wyatt, D. K. Thailand, A Short History, p. 35–38, Bangkok 2003
  7. ^ a b Cœdès, G. (1921). "The Origins of the Sukhodaya Dynasty" (PDF). Journal of the Siam Society. 14 (1). Siam Heritage Trust. Retrieved March 17, 2013. (1) The translation of this paper, which has been read at a joint session of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland, Société Asiatique, and American Oriental Society, and published in the Journal asiatique (April–June 1920), is the work of Mr. J. Crosby, to whom the author begs to tend his heartfelt thanks.
  8. ^ a b c d e Cœdès, George (1968). Walter F. Vella (ed.). The Indianized States of Southeast Asia. trans. Susan Brown Cowing. University of Hawaii Press. ISBN 978-0-8248-0368-1.
  9. ^ a b Chakrabongse, C., 1960, Lords of Life, London: Alvin Redman Limited
  10. ^ a b David K. Wyatt (2004). Thailand: A Short History (2nd ed.). Silkworm Books. p. 59.
  11. ^ a b Princess Maha Chakri Sirindhorn Foundation, 2011: 43.
  12. ^ Pan Hla, Nai (1968). Razadarit Ayedawbon (in Burmese) (8th printing, 2005 ed.). Yangon: Armanthit Sarpay.
  13. ^ Pan Hla 2005: 38
  14. ^ Sukhothai Studies Encyclopedia Commission, 1996: 41.
  15. ^ Patit Paban Mishra (2010). The History of Thailand. Greenwood. p. 39.
  16. ^ Baker, Chris; Phongpaichit, Pasuk (2017). A History of Ayutthaya: Siam in the Early Modern World. Cambridge University Press. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-316-64113-2.
  17. ^ Baker, Chris; Phongpaichit, Pasuk (2017). A History of Ayutthaya: Siam in the Early Modern World (Kindle ed.). Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-316-64113-2.
  18. ^ Wyatt, David K. (2003). Thailand : A Short History (2nd ed.). Chiang Mai: Silkworm Books. ISBN 974957544X.
  19. ^ Baker, Chris; Phongpaichit, Pasuk (2017). A History of Ayutthaya: Siam in the Early Modern World (Kindle ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 43. ISBN 978-1-316-64113-2.
  20. ^ Baker, Chris; Phongpaichit, Pasuk. A History of Thailand Third Edition (p. 301). Cambridge University Press. Kindle Edition.
  21. ^ Terwiel, B. J. (Barend Jan) (1983). A history of modern Thailand, 1767-1942. St. Lucia; New York : University of Queensland Press. ISBN 978-0-7022-1892-7. Archived from the original on 19 July 2021.
  22. ^ chinese society in thailand: an analytical history. cornell university press. 1957.
  23. ^ "ว่าด้วยพระเจ้าตาก ตอน 5: สองคน สองประวัติศาสตร์ EP.50". YouTube. 3:41-3:55
  24. ^ คำให้การ วันประหาร “พระเจ้าตาก” ฉากสุดท้ายกรุงธนบุรี ศิลปวัฒนธรรม ฉบับสิงหาคม 2552
  25. ^ Handley, Paul M. (1 January 2006). The King Never Smiles: A Biography of Thailand's Bhumibol Adulyadej. Yale University Press. p. 95. ISBN 978-0-300-13059-1.
  26. ^ "Thai king to be crowned in coronation ceremonies May 4–6 - palace". euronews. 1 January 2019. Retrieved 12 November 2019.