List of monarchs who lost their thrones before the 13th century

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This is a list of monarchs who lost their thrones before the 13th century.


A[edit]

Kingdom of Abkhazia[edit]

Alamannia and Rhaetia (Swabia)[edit]

  • Charles the Fat, King of Alamannia and Rhaetia 876–887, deposed, died 888.

Duchy of Amalfi[edit]

County of Anjou[edit]

Duchy of Apulia[edit]

  • Roger II of Sicily, 1127–1130, deposed when his duchy became a part of his new Kingdom of Sicily.

Duchy of Aquitaine[edit]

County of Aragon[edit]

County of Arles[edit]

County of Armagnac[edit]

Kingdom of Armenia[edit]

Kingdom of Asturias[edit]

Assyria[edit]

County of Auvergne[edit]

  • Firminus, Count of Auvergne c. 555 or 558, deposed, restored, 560–571.

Kingdom of Aksum[edit]

B[edit]

Babylonia[edit]

  • Marduk-zakir-shumi II, King of Babylon 703 BC, overthrown.
  • Marduk-apla-iddina II, King of Babylon 722–710 BC, and 703–702 BC. Deposed and later retreated to Elam.
  • Sennacherib, King of Babylon 705–703 BC and 689–681 BC.
  • Bel-ibni, King of Babylon 703–700 BC, deposed 700 BC.
  • Nergal-ushezib, King of Babylon 694–693 BC, deposed and defeated by Assyria in 693 BC.
  • Nabonidus, King of Babylon, deposed in 539BC due to the conquest of Babylon by the Persians.

Bavaria[edit]

County of Barcelona[edit]

Béarn[edit]

Duchy of Benevento[edit]

Duchy of Bohemia[edit]

Duchy of Bouillon[edit]

Bulgarian Empire[edit]

White Croats[edit]

  • Sobjeslav, ruler of the White Croats c. 990s, died 1004.

Byzantine Empire[edit]

C[edit]

Umayyad Caliphate[edit]

Abbasid Caliphate[edit]

Camerino[edit]

Cappadocia[edit]

Principality of Capua[edit]

Duchy of Carinthia[edit]

Cerdanya[edit]

China (Han dynasty)[edit]

County of Conflent[edit]

Kingdom of Connacht[edit]

D[edit]

Dublin[edit]

Duklja[edit]

  • Dobroslav II, King of Duklja 1101–1102, deposed and blinded.
  • Dobroslav III, King of Duklja 1102, deposed, blinded and castrated.
  • George of Duklja, King of Duklja 1113–1118 and 1125–1131, deposed 1118, restored in 1125.

E[edit]

County of Edessa[edit]

Ancient Egypt[edit]

  • Teos of Egypt, Pharaoh 362–360 BC, overthrown, died in exile.
  • Nectanebo II, Pharaoh 360–343 BC, deposed by the Persian conquest, fled into exile.

Ayyubid Egypt[edit]

Kingdom of Essex[edit]

F[edit]

Francia[edit]

Duchy of Friuli[edit]

G[edit]

Duchy of Gaeta[edit]

Kingdom of Galicia[edit]

Galilee[edit]

  • Tancred FitzRobert, Prince of Galilee 1099–1101 deposed or abdicated, restored 1109–1112, died 1112.
  • Joscelin I, Prince of Galilee, ? –1109, deposed or abdicated, restored 1112–1118.

Duchy of Gascony[edit]

Ghaznavid Empire[edit]

Goguryeo[edit]

Turkic Khaganate[edit]

Seljuk Empire[edit]

H[edit]

Himyarite Kingdom[edit]

Holy Roman Empire[edit]

Kingdom of Hungary[edit]

I[edit]

Caucasian Iberia[edit]

  • Nerse of Iberia, ruling prince of Iberia from c. 760 to 772 and again from 775 to 779/80.

Iraq[edit]

Ireland[edit]

March of Istria[edit]

Kingdom of Italy (Holy Roman Empire)[edit]

J[edit]

Japan[edit]

Kingdom of Jerusalem[edit]

Jibal[edit]

  • Fakhr al-Dawla, Buyid amir of Jibal 976–980 and 984–997, died 997.

Kingdom of Judah[edit]

  • Jehoahaz of Judah, 609 BC, deposed by Necho II, died in exile.
  • Zedekiah, 597 BCE – 587 BCE, deposed, captured, blinded and taken into captivity.

K[edit]

Kashmir[edit]

  • Nirjitavarman, King of Kashmir 907 and 923–924, deposed or abdicated 907, restored 923, died 924
  • Partha, King of Kashmir 907–923 and 936, deposed or abdicated 923, restored 936, died 936.
  • Chakravarman, King of Kashmir 935–936 and 936–938. Deposed 936, but restored shortly afterwards.
  • Sussala, King of Kashmir 1113–1120 and 1120–1127. Deposed 1120, but restored shortly afterwards. Died 1127.

Kingdom of Kent[edit]

Greater Khorasan[edit]

Pannonian Croatia[edit]

  • Ljudevit Posavski, ruler of Khoruska within the Carolingian Empire, deposed 820, died 823.

Kievan Rus'[edit]

L[edit]

Kingdom of León[edit]

Lesser Armenia[edit]

  • Cotys IX, King of lesser Armenia, reigned 38 to until at least 47, forced to abdicate.

Lombardy[edit]

  • Perctarit, King of the Lombards 661–662 and 671–688.
  • Garibald, King of the Lombards 671, deposed in favour of his uncle Perctarit.
  • Cunipert, King of the Lombards 688–689 and 689–700.
  • Ratchis, King of the Lombards 744–749.

Lotharingia/Lorraine[edit]

Lower Lorraine[edit]

Lusatia[edit]

Lydia[edit]

  • Croesus, King of Lydia, 560 BC – 547 BC, deposed by the Persians, 547 BC.

M[edit]

Macedon[edit]

County of Maine[edit]

Median Empire[edit]

  • Astyages, 585 BCE–550 BCE, overthrown in 550.

Margraviate of Meissen[edit]

Mercia[edit]

County of Mons[edit]

Sultanate of Morocco[edit]

Mortain[edit]

N[edit]

Nanyue[edit]

  • Zhao Jiande, King of Nanyue 112–111 BC, deposed by China in 111 BC.

Duchy of Naples[edit]

Principality of Nitra[edit]

Kingdom of Northumbria[edit]

Numidia[edit]

  • Jugurtha, King of Numidia 117 to 105 BC, captured in war by Romans and executed in Rome 104 BC.
  • Hiempsal II, King of Numidia 88 to 60 BC, deposed by the Numidians in 81,restored by Gnaeus Pompeius Magnus.

O[edit]

P[edit]

Paris[edit]

Parthian Empire[edit]

Persian Empire[edit]

  • Arsames, allegedly briefly king of Persia, deposed by Cyrus II.
  • Bessus (Artaxerxes V), ruling over small parts of Persia 330–329 BC, ordered the killing of Darius III. He was deposed and handed over to Alexander by his own people.

Kingdom of Pontus[edit]

  • Polemon II, king of Pontus and Cicilia 38–62, forced to abdicate in Pontus by Nero.

Q[edit]

Qin[edit]

  • Qin Shi Huang, King of Qin 246 BCE – 221 BCE, title merged into the imperial title of China 221 BCE, died 210 as Emperor of China.

R[edit]

Rascia[edit]

Rashtrakuta Kingdom[edit]

  • Govinda IV, King of Rashtrakuta 930–935, deposed 935.

Rhine[edit]

Rome[edit]

  • Valerian, Emperor of Rome 253–260, deposed and captured in 260.
  • Diocletian, Emperor of Rome 284–305, abdicated 305, died 311.
  • Maximian, Emperor of Rome 285–286, 286–305, 306–308, 310.

S[edit]

Saffarid amirate[edit]

  • Tahir I, Saffarid amir 901–908, deposed and imprisoned in Baghdad.
  • Al-Layth, Saffarid amir 909–910, deposed, died 928.
  • Mohammed I of Persia, Saffarid amir 910–911, deposed.

Principality of Salerno[edit]

Samanid Empire[edit]

Duchy of Saxony[edit]

Seleucid Empire[edit]

  • Antiochus Hierax, separatist ruler of parts of the Selucid empire 246–before 226 BC, waging war to govern all of Anatolia; he was defeated and expelled to Egypt, where he was killed by robbers.

Kingdom of Scotland[edit]

Kingdom of Sicily[edit]

Sistan[edit]

Duchy of Spoleto[edit]

March of Styria[edit]

Duchy of Swabia[edit]

Kingdom of Sweden[edit]

T[edit]

Tabaristan[edit]

Taranto[edit]

Tuscany[edit]

U[edit]

Upper Lorraine[edit]

Urgell[edit]

V[edit]

Visigoths[edit]

W[edit]

Western Chalukya[edit]

  • Someshvara II, King of Western Chalukya 1068–1076, deposed 1076.

Wessex[edit]

Wei[edit]

  • Xian Wen Di, King of Wei 465–471, deposed or abdicated 471, died 475.

Wu[edit]

  • Modi of Wu, King of Wu 264–280, deposed or abdicated 280, died 281.
  • Jingdi of Wu, King of Wu 555–556, deposed or abdicated 556, died 558.
  • Lin Hai Wang, King of Wu 566–568, deposed or abdicated 568, died 570.
  • King Fuchai of Wu, King of Wu 495 BC – 473 BC, deposed 473 and committed suicide.
  • Yu Chung-Kuang, King of Wu 961–976, deposed 976, died 978.

X[edit]

Y[edit]

Z[edit]

Zhao[edit]

  • King Youmiu (幽繆王), King of Zhao 236 BC–228 BC, captured and deposed by Qin.
  • King Dai (代王), King of Zhao 228 BC–222 BC captured and deposed by Qin.

See also[edit]