List of Tibetan monasteries

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This list of Tibetan monasteries is a listing of historical and contemporary monasteries of Tibetan Buddhism within Tibet itself and abroad: The list includes monasteries that were within Tibetan borders when extant, or that were culturally included within the Tibetan tradition.

Tibet is home to numerous Buddhist monasteries. Included are monasteries which belonged to historical Tibet but may now lie within other Chinese provinces.

Samye Monastery in Dranang
Sera Monastery in Lhasa
Name Type Location Tradition Established Destroyed Size (# monks) Note
Menri Monastery Ü Bön 1072, 1405, 1967 in India 1386, 1966 200+
Alchi Monastery Ladakh Gelug 1000 (approx.)
Dorje Drak Monastery Lhoka Nyingma 1400, 1720, 1960s in India 1717, 1960s One of the six "Nyingmapa mother monasteries."
Drepung Monastery Lhasa Gelug 1416 300 (7700 in 1930s) Home monastery of H.H. the Dalai Lama.
Drigung Monastery Lhasa Prefecture Kagyu 1179, 1980s 1960s 250-300
Dzogchen Monastery Kham Nyingma One of the six "Nyingmapa mother monasteries."
Ganden Monastery Lhasa Prefecture Gelug Seat of the Ganden Tripa.
Gongchen Monastery Monastery Kham
Gongkar Chöde Monastery Monastery Lhokha
Gyumay and Gyuto Lower and Upper Tantric Colleges Tsang [1]
Hemis Monastery Ladakh Drukpa
Jokhang temple Lhasa Gelug Lhasa main temple. Said to have been built by King Songtsen Gampo in 647; a major pilgrimage site.
Jonang Phuntsokling Monastery Monastery Tsang
Kardang Monastery Lahaul Drukpa Main monastery in Lahaul.
Karma Gön Monastery Monastery Kham
Katok Monastery Nyingma One of the six "Nyingmapa mother monasteries."
Keru Temple Temple Ü
Kharchu Monastery Monastery Lhokha
Khomthing Monastery Monastery Lhokha
Khorshak Temple Temple Western Tibet
Kirti Gompa Monastery Amdo Gelug
Kumbum Monastery Monastery Amdo
Labrang Monastery Monastery Amdo
Labrang Monastery Gelug
Magur Namgyal Ling Amdo
Menri Monastery Monastery Tsang
Mindrolling Monastery Lhokha Nyingma One of the six "Nyingmapa mother monasteries."
Nalendra Monastery Monastery Penpo [2]
Namdzong Nunnery Nunnery Amdo
Namgyal Monastery Monastery Lhasa
Nangshi Monastery Monastery Ngaba, Amdo
Narthang Monastery Monastery Tsang
Nechung Temple Temple Lhasa
Ngor Ü Sakya 1429 1959 a few, >100
Nyethang Drolma Lhakhang Temple Temple Ü
Pabonka Hermitage Hermitage Lhasa Gelug 7th century Independent before 1959, has belonged to Sera since 1980.
Gyantse Palkor Chöde Monastery Monastery Tsang
Palpung Monastery Kagyu Seat of the Tai Situpa and Jamgon Kongtrul.
Palyul Monastery Palyul Nyingma One of the six "Nyingmapa mother monasteries." other Branch "Namdroling Monastery" established by Penor Rinpoche at INDIA, since 1963
Pomda Monastery Monastery Baxoi
Punakha Dzong Dzong Bhutan Drukpa Winter home of the Central Monk Body.
Ralung Monastery Monastery Tsang
Ralung Monastery Drukpa Seat of the Gyalwang Drukpa.
Ramoche Temple Temple Lhasa
Rato Dratsang Monastery Karnataka Gelug Formerly on the outskirts of Lhasa, but now re-established in south India.
Ratö Monastery Monastery Ü
Reting Monastery Ü Gelug
Riwoche Monastery Kham Kagyu Seat of the Taklung Kagyu lineage.
Rongwo Gönchen Monastery Monastery Amdo
Sakya Monastery Tsang Sakya Seat of H.H. the Sakya Trizin.
Samye Monastery Monastery Ü 775 - 779 many times
Samye Nyingma First monastery in Tibet, established by Padmasambhava and Shantarakshita.
Sekhar Guthok Monastery Monastery Lhokha [3]
Sanga Monastery Monastery Lhokha
Sera Monastery Lhasa Gelug Largest monastery in Tibet, containing numerous colleges.
Shalu Monastery Tsang Sakya
Shechen Monastery Kham Nyingma One of the six "Nyingmapa mother monasteries."
Simbiling Monastery Monastery ...
Spituk Monastery Ladakh Gelug
Surmang Monastery Monastery Kham 1988
Surmang Kagyu Seat of the Trungpa tülkus.
Tabo Monastery Spiti Gelug Largest monastery in Spiti.
Taklung Monastery Monastery Ü
Taktsang Monastery Monastery Dzoge, Amdo
Tashichho Dzong Dzong Thimphu Drukpa Houses the Central Monk Body in summer.
Tashilhünpo Monastery Tsang Gelug Seat of the Panchen Lama.
Tholing Monastery Monastery West Tibet
Tibet Institute Rikon Monastery Switzerland Nyingma Since 2007, the monastery comprises representatives of all four great traditions : Nyingma, Kagyu, Sakya and Gelug.
Tingri Monastery Monastery Tsang
Tradruk Temple Temple Lhokha Gelug The largest, oldest and most important monastery in the Yarlung Valley. Said to have been built by King Songtsen Gampo.
Trathang Monastery Monastery Lhokha
Tsandan Monastery Monastery Nagchu
Tsaparang Monastery & Palace Complex West Tibet
Tsethang Monastery Monastery Lhokha
Tsö Monastery Monastery Amdo
Tsozong Gongba Monastery Nyingma
Tsurphu Monastery Ü Kagyu Seat of H.H. the Gyalwa Karmapa.
Yama Tashikyil Rebkong, Amdo
Yarchen Gar Monastery Nyingma 1985 10000 Largest monastery in the world.
Yemar Temple Temple Tsang
Yerpa Monastery Lhasa "Collar" Gelug 600-700 1959 0 Famous meditation site of King Songtsen Gampo and Padmasambhava; 300 monks lived here in 1959.
Yungdrungling Monastery Monastery Tsang [4]

External links[edit]

  1. ^ Berzin, Alexander (1991-09-01). "A Brief History of Gyumay and Gyuto Lower and Upper Tantric Colleges". Study Buddhism. Original version published in "Gelug Monasteries." Chö-Yang, Year of Tibet Edition (Dharamsala, India), (1991). Retrieved 2016-06-06. 
  2. ^ Berzin, Alexander (1991-09-01). "A Brief History of Nalendra Monastery". Study Buddhism. Original version published in "Sakya Monasteries." Chö-Yang, Year of Tibet Edition (Dharamsala, India), (1991). Retrieved 2016-06-06. 
  3. ^ Berzin, Alexander (1991-09-01). "A Brief History of Drug Sang-ngag Choling Monastery". The Berzin Archives. Original version published in "Kagyü Monasteries." Chö-Yang, Year of Tibet Edition (Dharamsala, India), (1991). Retrieved 2016-06-06. 
  4. ^ Berzin, Alexander (1991-09-01). "A Brief History of Yungdrungling Monastery". The Berzin Archives. Original version published in "Bön Monasteries." Chö-Yang, Year of Tibet Edition (Dharamsala, India), (1991). Retrieved 2016-06-06.