List of monastic houses in County Limerick

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Inclusion[edit]

In this article, smaller establishments such as monastic cells and notable monastic granges (particularly those with resident monks) and camerae of the military orders of monks (Knights Templars and Knights Hospitallers) are included. The numerous monastic hospitals per se are not included here unless at some time the foundation had, or was purported to have, the status or function of an abbey, priory, friary or preceptory/commandery.

Article layout[edit]

Communities/provenance: shows the status and communities existing at each establishment, together with such dates as have been established as well as the fate of the establishment after dissolution, and the current status of the site.

Formal name or dedication: shows the formal name of the establishment or the person in whose name the church is dedicated, where known.

Alternative names: some of the establishments have had alternative names over the course of time. In order to assist in text-searching such alternatives in name or spelling have been provided.

Monastic glossary: following the listing, provides links to articles on the particular monastic orders as well as other terms which appear in the listing.


Abbreviations and Key[edit]

Alphabetical listing of establishments[edit]

Map all coordinates using: OpenStreetMap 
Download coordinates as: KML · GPX


Foundation Image Communities & Provenance Formal Name or Dedication
& Alternative Names
OnLine References & Location
Abbeyfeale Abbey AbbeyfealeAbbeySite.jpg Cistercian monks
founded 1188 by Brian O'Brien;
dissolved c.1209;
cell dependent on Monasteranenagh c.1209;
dissolved c.1350?;
probably residential grange leased to laymen;
possibly obtained by Carmelite Friars (v. Felense in Munster, infra)
Feale;
Monaster-na-Feile;
Felense?
[1]

52°23′09″N 9°18′03″W / 52.3857109°N 9.3007851°W / 52.3857109; -9.3007851 (Abbeyfeale Abbey)
Abington Abbey Cistercian monks — from Arklow
(community founded at Wyresdale, Lancashire c.1196 from Furness, transferred to Arklow before 1204)
transferred here 1205, land granted by Theobald Walter, Butler of Ireland;
dissolved 1540;
secular 1540;
restored — recolonized from Furness/Savigny;
granted to Walter Aphoell by Edward VI, confirmed by Queen Mary 1553;
dissolved after 1557;
lease passed to Piers (Peter) Walshe 1562
St Mary
____________________
Mainister-uaithne;
Owney;
Unquchin;
Vetinex;
Vogney;
Woney;
Wotheney;
Huena
[2]

52°37′59″N 8°25′20″W / 52.633170°N 8.422211°W / 52.633170; -8.422211 (Abington Abbey)
Adare Friary + Augustinian Friary St NicholasChurch Adare.jpg Augustinian Friars
founded before 1316 by John Fitz Thomas Fitzgerald;
Observant Augustinian Friars 1472;
dissolved 1539-40; friars probably still in occupation until 1559;
dissolved c.1581?;
leased to John Gold and others before 1583;
granted to Sir Henry Wallop 1595;
conventual church now in use as C.I. parish church
Black Abbey [3]

52°34′04″N 8°47′05″W / 52.567769°N 8.784830°W / 52.567769; -8.784830 (Adare Friary)
Adare Friary, (Franciscan) AdareFranciscanFriary.JPG
AdareFranciscanFriaryInterior.JPG
Franciscan Friars Minor, Conventual
founded 1464 by Thomas Fitz Gerald, Earl of Kildare and his wife Johanna;
Observant Franciscan Friars
reformed 1466;
dissolved 1539-40;
apparently unoccupied by 1559;
restored by 1579;
expelled c.1581 during the Desmond war;
granted to Sir Henry Wallop 1595;
(re-established at a new location in Adare 1633)
now in the grounds of Adare Manor, within a golf course, with public access
The church of Saint Michael Archangel of the Friars Minor
____________________
Athdara;
Atdare
[4]

52°34′09″N 8°46′35″W / 52.569125°N 8.776424°W / 52.569125; -8.776424 (Adare Franciscan Friary)
Adare Trinitarian Monastery AdareTrinitarianMonastery.jpg Trinitarian Friars
founded c.1230 (before 1226?);
dissolved after 1539? (officially February 1539);
granted to Sir Henry Wallop 1595;
ruinous church repaired by the Earl of Dunraven 1811; in use as R.C. church
St James;
The Holy Trinity
____________________
White Abbey
[5][6]

52°33′54″N 8°47′20″W / 52.564916°N 8.788880°W / 52.564916; -8.788880 (Adare Trinitarian Monastery)
Adare Dominican Friary Dominican Friars — erroneous reference to Trinitarian Friary[notes 1]
Adare Preceptory Knights Hospitaller (listed c.1658[notes 2])
Any Friary purported Augustinian Friars[notes 3]
founded during the reign of Edward II, by John, son of Robert and others;
Knockainy;
Ballynamona?
52°29′51″N 8°27′19″W / 52.497505°N 8.455245°W / 52.497505; -8.455245 (Ballynamona Church (Any Friary?))
Ardaneer Priory Benedictine monks
founded c.1202, land and church granted by William de Burgo to Richard, monk of Glastonbury;
dependent on Glastonbury;
dissolved 1205?
St Mary
____________________
?Ardimur;
Ardinuir;
Oculnid
Ardpatrick Monastery Ardpatrick S 2007 08 08.jpg early monastic site, purportedly founded 5th century by St Patrick;
monastic lands recorded as late as 1597
Ardpatricke;
Ard-Padraig
[7]

52°20′18″N 8°31′52″W / 52.338463°N 8.531243°W / 52.338463; -8.531243 (Ardpatrick Monastery)
Askeaton Friary AskeatonFriary.jpg Franciscan Friars Minor, Conventual
founded 1389?,[notes 4] or before 1400[notes 5]) by Gearóid Iarla (Gerald), 4th Earl of Desmond,[notes 6] or 1420 by James Fitzgerald, Earl of Desmond;[notes 7]
Observant Franciscan Friars
reformed 1497;
reformed 1513;
dissolved 1575; (NM)
Athskettin;
Easa-geibhteine;
Es-geibhteine;
Inis-geibhthine;
Easa-gebryny
[8][9]

52°36′14″N 8°58′31″W / 52.603957°N 8.975363°W / 52.603957; -8.975363 (Askeaton Friary)
Askeaton Commandery Knights Templar[notes 8]
founded 1298, attached to the parochial church,[notes 9] now the C.I. parish church of St Mary
[10]

52°36′02″N 8°58′14″W / 52.600441°N 8.970584°W / 52.600441; -8.970584 (Askeaton Commandery)
Ballinegaul Friary early monastic site
Dominican Friars
founded 1296, rebuilt by the Geraldines;
dependent on Kilmallock;
granted to Richard Lawless 1551-2;
dissolved before 1586, ruinous by 1586;
listed as Carmelite 1597 (see immediately below)
Monaster-na-ngall;
Burgus Anglorum;
Braber duff (Black friars);
Ballinegall
52°19′55″N 8°28′04″W / 52.331982°N 8.467712°W / 52.331982; -8.467712 (Ballinegaul Friary (approx.)) (approx)
Ballinegaul White Friary Carmelite Friars
former Dominican house (see immediately above) listed as White Friars 1597
Monaster-na-ngall;
Burgus Anglorum
Ballingarry Abbey 'abbey',[notes 10] unknown order and foundation
Franciscan Friars?
[11]

52°28′37″N 8°51′24″W / 52.477079°N 8.856558°W / 52.477079; -8.856558 (Ballingarry Abbey)
Ballingarry Nunnery ~ supposed nunsorder and foundation unknown dedication unknown
Ballintubber Monastery purported Carmelite Friars or Knights Templar
granted to Robert Browne
possible reference to Rochestown Dominican Friary
Ballybrood Friary Franciscan Friars — possible refuge 17th century;
purportedly all slaughtered by Oliver Cromwell
Ballycahane Preceptory? Knights Templar
church confirmed to the Knights Hospitaller 1212 — no record of preceptory
Cathan
Ballynagallagh Priory Augustinian nuns
convent founded 1283 by a FitzGibbon;
land here in possession of Llanthony Priory 1360;
dissolved before 1548; granted to Edmund Sexton c.1548;
some confusion with St Catherine de O'Conyl;
Monaster-nagalliaghduff;
Monaster-necallowduffe;
Monaster-nicalliagh
[12]

52°31′12″N 8°32′30″W / 52.520128°N 8.541602°W / 52.520128; -8.541602 (Ballynagallagh Monastery (approx.)) (approx)
Ballyorgan Friary ¤≈ Trinitarian — erroneous reference to Ballinegaul Dominican Friary, supra Baile-aragain
Ballyorgan Friary early monastic site, purportedly founded 6th century by St Finnian 52°18′41″N 8°27′58″W / 52.311371°N 8.465980°W / 52.311371; -8.465980 (Ballyorgan Friary (site?))
Bruree Preceptory? Knights Templar
castle purportedly built 12th century by the order;
no record of a preceptory
Brugh-righ
Carrigogunnell Preceptory? Knights Templar[notes 11] Carraic-O-gCoinneal
Castleconnell Friary? unknown order
purported Augustinian Friars
founded c.1300;[notes 12]
"remains of a monastery"[notes 13]
Caislen-ui-chonaing;
Castle-Connell in Munster
52°42′55″N 8°30′11″W / 52.715304°N 8.503042°W / 52.715304; -8.503042 (Castleconnell Friary? (approx.)) (approx)
Castletown-mac-eneiry Monastery remains of a purported large monastery,[notes 14] doubtful Roque (Castletown, Corcomohide parish)
Clarina Monastery Autustinian Canons Regular nuns Cluain-Credhil;[notes 15]
Killeedy?
Cloch-na-monach Abbey Cistercian monks
supposed abbey remains;[notes 16]
grange of Monasteranenagh
Cloghnamanagh
Cloncagh Monastery early monsastic site, founded before 625 by St Maedoc of Ferns [13]
Clonkeen Monastery early monsastic site, founded 6th/7th century by St Mo-Diomog[notes 17] 52°38′38″N 8°27′35″W / 52.643897°N 8.459714°W / 52.643897; -8.459714 (Clonkeen Monastery)
Doon Monastery early monsastic site, founded 6th century (in existence in the time of St Colmcille) Dunbleschiae 52°36′16″N 8°14′38″W / 52.604312°N 8.243812°W / 52.604312; -8.243812 (Doon Monastery)
Dysert Monastery,
Carrigeen
DysertMonastery.jpg early monastic site, founded by a St Oengus (purportedly the Culdee) Disert-aengusa 52°31′15″N 8°44′41″W / 52.520964°N 8.744801°W / 52.520964; -8.744801 (Dysert Monastery)
Felense Friary ~≈? Carmelite Friars
possibly located in County Limerick, possibly former site of Abbeyfeale Cistercians, supra, otherwise county and location unknown
Felense in Munster;
Abbeyfeale?
Friarstown Friary Franciscan Friars, Third Order Regular
founded after 1450? (or 13th century by the Clan-Gibbons);
dissolved 1544;
possibly vacant by 1450;
held in rebellion by Gerald Baluff f. Philip until after 1590?
St Francis de Ballynebrahrair
____________________
Ballynabrahrair;
Baile-ne-braher;
Bally-ne-braher;
Clochnamanach Abbey
[14][15]

52°35′36″N 8°36′37″W / 52.593240°N 8.610256°W / 52.593240; -8.610256 (Friarstown Friary)
Galbally Friary village location — friary located across the county border: see Moor Abbey, List of monastic houses in County Tipperary
Glenstal Abbey * GlenstalAbbeyChurch.jpg Benedictine monks;
extant; mansion in monastic use, also serving as a school
[16]

52°39′42″N 8°23′17″W / 52.661667°N 8.388056°W / 52.661667; -8.388056 (Glenstall Abbey)
Hospital Preceptory Knights Hospitaller
founded before 1215 (during the reign of King John) by Geoffrey de Mariscis, the Knights being granted royal privileges 1215;
dissolved before 1540; farmed out by Pr Rawson;
granted to Sir Valentine Browne by Queen Elizabeth;
Kenmare Castle built on site by Browne;
leased before 1603;
granted to Thomas Brown (ancestor of the Earls of Kenmare) 1604
The Preceptory of Saint John the Baptist, Any
____________________
Ane;
Any;
Hospital of Any;
Anye
[17]

52°28′34″N 8°25′57″W / 52.476220°N 8.432372°W / 52.476220; -8.432372 (Hospital Preceptory)
Hyde Ita Nunnery? Augustinian Canons Regular nuns,[notes 18] apparently Cell Ita (v. Killedy) Hydh Ita;
(probably Cell Ita, properly Killeedy)?
Kellis Priory properly Kells, County Kilkenny[notes 19]
Killeedy Monastery early monastic site, monks and nuns
founded c.546 by St Ita;
possibly not continuing after the 10th century
Cell-ite;
Cluain-chredail;
Killita
52°22′55″N 9°04′16″W / 52.381900°N 9.071188°W / 52.381900; -9.071188 (Killeedy Monastery)
Kilmacanearla Abbey, Ballingarry parish "Abbey (in ruins)"[notes 20] 52°28′37″N 8°51′24″W / 52.477007°N 8.856735°W / 52.477007; -8.856735 (Kilmacanearla Abbey)
Kilmallock Friary Kilmallock Priory SW 2007 08 08.jpg Dominican Friars
founded 1291, land purchased from John Bluet, burgess, with the consent of Edward I;
dissolved 1541;
leased to James FitzJohn, Earl of Desmond 1548;
passed to the Crown and the commonality of Kilmallock 1569-70;
friars probably expelled 1571 when the town was sacked;
granted to Nicholas Miagh, sovereign of Kilmallock, and to the brethren and community 1594; (NM)
Flacispaghe 52°24′09″N 8°34′30″W / 52.402537°N 8.575022°W / 52.402537; -8.575022 (Killmallock Friary)
Kilmallock Monastery early monastic site, founded early half of the 7th century by St Mochelloch;
plundered 1015
Cell-mochelloc;
Cell-dacheallog;
Killochy
52°24′33″N 8°34′57″W / 52.409296°N 8.582422°W / 52.409296; -8.582422 (Kilmallock Monastery)
Kilmallock Monastery purported Augustinian Canons Regular[notes 21]
Kilmallock Monastery purported Augustinian Friars,[notes 22] in which case founded after 1630
Kilpeacon Monastery early monastic site, founded before 690 by St Becan (Mo-Becoc) Cluain-ard-Mobecoc 52°34′56″N 8°37′54″W / 52.582113°N 8.631692°W / 52.582113; -8.631692 (Kilpeacon Monastery (approx.)) (approx)
Kilrath Monastery early monastic site, County Limerick?[notes 23] Cella Rath
Kilsane Nunnery ≈¤ nuns, (misreading of source)[notes 24] properly St Catherine de O'Conyl, infra
Kilshane Abbey Cistercian monks — from Corcomroe (County Clare)[notes 25]
daughter of Corcomroe;
founded 1198 by Donnchad Cairbreach O'Brien, King of Limerick;
dissolved c.1200, united to Monasteranenagh
Cell-scanaig;
Kil-son;
Kil-sonna;
Ballingarry;
Garra
Kilshane Friary Franciscan Friars Minor, Conventual
founded before 1426? by Fitzgerald, Lord of Clenlis[notes 26]
dissolved after 1584
Kilteely Monastery early monastic site, founded 6th century by St Patrick Cell-tidil;
Kilteidhill
Kilteely Commandery Knights Templar chapel,[notes 27] purported commandery[notes 28]
founded 1291[notes 29]
Kildromin Church [18]

52°31′10″N 8°24′08″W / 52.519446°N 8.402320°W / 52.519446; -8.402320 (Kilteely Commandery?)
King's Island Franciscan Friars, (misreading of source)[notes 30] Island near Limerick[notes 31]
properly Limerick Franciscan Friars, infra
Knockainy Monastery ø~ purported early monastic site — dubious[notes 32]
unknown order, period or foundation
Cnoc-aine;;
Aine-cliath;
cf Any; Hospital of Any
Kynnethin Monastery ø≈ purported Augustinian Canons Regular — possible reference to Keynsham, Somerset, England, which had property in County Limerick Kynnythin
Lehense Monastery Carmelite Friars — possible duplication of reference to Barvegalense (Milltown) possibly Barvegalense (Milltown)
Limerick Crutched Friars Priory Hospital Crutched Friars
founded before 1216 (during the reign of King John) by Simon Minor;
dissolved 1537;
passed to Augustinian Friars 1632 (see immediately below)
St Mary and St Edmund, King, and the Holy Cross 52°40′02″N 8°37′10″W / 52.667352°N 8.619445°W / 52.667352; -8.619445 (Limerick Crutched Friars/Austin Friars)
Limerick Monastery of the Holy Cross Augustinian Friars
founded 1632, previously Crutched Friars (see immediately above)
St Mary and St Edward
Limerick Blackfriars Dominican Friars
founded 1227 by Donogh Carbreach O'Brien, King of Thomond, buried here; (Edward I claimed his own ancestors were the founders);
Dominican Friars, Regular Observant
reformed 1504;
dissolved 1543; granted to James, Earl of Desmond, who restored the friars;
forfeited to the Crown 1569-72; granted to Robert Ansley 1589;
held by James Gould until his death 1600;
(subsequent history O'Heyne, Burgo and Coleman)
St Saviour
Limerick Franciscan Friars Franciscan Friars Minor, Conventual
founded 1267 (during the reign of Henry III) by the de Burgo family[notes 33] (Thomas de Burgo[notes 34] or William de Burgo[notes 35]);
Observant Franciscan Friars
reformed 1534;
dissolved 1534; granted to Edmund Sexton;
restored 1540-8;
friars expelled by the Protestants 1548;
ruinous, owned by Stephen Sexton prior to his death in 1595;
abandoned until 1615
Limerick Priory Augustinian nuns
founded 1171? by Donal O'Brien, King of Limerick;
dependent on Killone c.1189;
dissolved 1541; farmed out by Edmund Sexton 1548
St Peter
____________________
probably Monaster ne Callow Duffe (Black Abbey)
Limerick Monaster ne Callow Duffe ø~ nuns — (probable misinterpretation) probably Limerick Priory
Limerick Preceptory? ø Knights Templar or Knights Hospitaller
probable Frank House
Luimneach;
Lumniac;
Limbricen
Lough Gur, ø near Loghgir purported Franciscan Friars probably Friarstown (Ballynabrahrair)
Luddenbeg Monastery ø purported monastery[notes 36] — remains appear to be a parochial church
Milltown Friary Carmelite Friars
founded 1459-60, land granted to Carmelites Donald Ygormellay and William de Burgo by James Deles, donsel of Emly Diocese, and Kennedy Macbriayn and his brother Torieleus, to build a monastery;
dissolved before 1544;
restored
also mistakenly given as Carthusian[notes 37]
Ballinegall;
Barvegalense;
Ballywullan;
Villa Mollendini;
Molingar
52°31′57″N 8°24′10″W / 52.532383°N 8.402771°W / 52.532383; -8.402771 (Milltown (Ballinegaul) Abbey)
Monasteranenagh Abbey MonasteranenaghAbbey.jpg Cistercian monks — from Mellifont
founded 1148 (1148/51) by Turlough O'Brien, King of Thomond, confirmed by King John;
dissolved 1540; granted to Sir Osborne Echingham 1543;
monks apparently continued to occupy until 1579;
captured by the English 3 April 1580, during the Desmond rebellion and the monks massacred; (NM)
Monaster-an-Aonagh;
Eanach;
Monaster-na-maighe;
Maigue;
Maio;
Manister;
Nenagh;
Nenay
[19]

52°31′01″N 8°39′46″W / 52.516898°N 8.66286°W / 52.516898; -8.66286 (Monasteranenagh Abbey)
St. Katherine's Abbey, Monisternagalliaghduff,
nr. Shanagolden
MonisternagalliaghduffAbbey.jpg Augustinian nuns
founded 1298;
dissolved 1541
Mungret Abbey MungretAbbey.jpg early monastic site, founded before 551 by St Nessan the Deacon;
plundered on several occasions 9th-12th century;
possible Augustinian Canons Regular for a time, 12th century — documentary evidence lacking;
claimed episcopal status 1152 — deemed too close to the see at Limerick to substantiate the claim; (NM)
Mungairit;
Moungairid
[20]

52°38′03″N 8°40′32″W / 52.6340544°N 8.6756264°W / 52.6340544; -8.6756264 (MungretAbbey)
Newcastle Camera ø Knights Templar[notes 38]
founded 1184, castle of the earls of Desmond built by the Templars, who were stationed here;
dissolved before 1308?
Caislen-nua 52°27′02″N 9°03′38″W / 52.4504829°N 9.0606549°W / 52.4504829; -9.0606549 (Newcastle Camera)
Old Kildimo Monastery ~ early monastic site, purportedly founded prior to arrival of St Patrick in Munster,[notes 39] by Dimma Cell-diomma;
Kildimma
Old Kildimo Preceptory Knights Templar[notes 40]
Court Castle founded by the Templars
52°36′43″N 8°48′28″W / 52.612026°N 8.807752°W / 52.612026; -8.807752 (Old Kildimo Preceptory (approx.)) (approx)
Rathkeale Priory Augustinian Canons RegularArroasian — possibly from Rattoo
purportedly founded c.1210? by Gilbert Harvey;
dissolved 1542;
restored, small community possibly in occupation until the Desmond rebellion, c.1581;
granted to Sir Henry Wallop c.1594-5
The Abbey Church of Saint Mary, Rathkeale
____________________
Rathkeale Abbey;
Ragelli;
Ragille;
Ragkely;
Rakil;
Rathgial
52°31′25″N 8°55′57″W / 52.523742°N 8.932464°W / 52.523742; -8.932464 (Rathkeale Priory)
Rathkeale Friary ø Franciscan Friars[notes 41] — no such establishment here
Rochestown Friary Dominican Friars
founded ?;
dependent on Limerick?;
dissolved c.1544; granted to Robert Browne
Friarstown Friary, Rocheston;
Rocheston;
Ballyniwillin;
Ballywilliam;
Bailenambratharbeg;
Mainistirnambratharbeg
52°32′32″N 8°32′08″W / 52.542270°N 8.535642°W / 52.542270; -8.535642 (Friarstown Friary, Rocheston)
St. Katherine's Abbey, Monisternagalliaghduff,
near Shanagolden
MonisternagalliaghduffAbbey.jpg Augustinian nuns
founded before 1261;
dissolved before 1567; granted to Sir Warham St Leger 1567;
sometime owned by Sir John Desmond
leased to James Gold 1583;
granted to Sir Hugh Wallop 1594
St Catherine
____________________
St Catherine de O'Conyl Priory;
Monasternecallow-duffe;
Monasternagalliaghduff;
Ballanegillagh
52°34′18″N 9°03′46″W / 52.571600°N 9.062760°W / 52.571600; -9.062760 (Monisternagalliaghduff Monastery)



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Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Adare Dominican" — The Earl and Countess of Dunraven, Memorials of Adare, 1865, pp.35-6
  2. ^ "Adare Hospitallers" — White's List, M. Lenihan, Limerick, its History and Antiquities, 1866, p.562; Registrum Kilmainham, edited by J. T. Gilbert (Rolls Ser.), 1889, pp.140,155
  3. ^ "Any" — Ware-Harris, History of the Bishops of Ireland, 1739, p.202, probably from Pipe Roll, 17 May year 1, to 21 December year 2, Edw.III
  4. ^ Askeaton, 1389 founding — Wadding, who identified Askeaton with Luasia, though Canice Mooney, OFM, communications, notes that this is Latin for Laois
  5. ^ Askeaton, founding before 1400 — Canice Mooney, OFM, communications, identified convent of Inysgebryny, in existence 1400, with Askeaton
  6. ^ Askeaton founder — cf. E. B. Fitzmaurice and A. G. Little, Materials for History of the Franciscan Province of Ireland, 1920, pp.170,180-1
  7. ^ Askeaton, 1420 founding — James Ware
  8. ^ Askeaton Commandery — legendary attribution to Templars — T. J. Westropp, Journal, Royal Society of Antiquities in Ireland, xxiv, p.111
  9. ^ S. Lewis, Topographical Dictionary of Ireland, 1837, i, p.81
  10. ^ 'Ballingarry Abbey' — Memorial Atlas of Ireland, 1901, given as 'church' on 6-inch Ordnance Survey
  11. ^ Mervyn Archdall, Monasticon Hibernicum, 1786, p.419 (citing MSS Smith)
  12. ^ Lubin: Louis Augustin Alemand, Monasticon Hibernicum, translated and edited by John Stevens, 1722, pp.310,312
  13. ^ Cassells Gazetteer of Britain and Ireland, i, p.446
  14. ^ Mervyn Archdall, Monasticon Hibernicum, 1786, Castletown Masaniry:
  15. ^ M. Lenihan, Limerick, its History and Antiquities, 1866, p.31
  16. ^ Rev. Patrick Fitzgerald and John James M'Gregor, History, Topography and Antiquities of the county and city of Limerick, 1826, Vol 1, p.299 &
    Mervyn Archdall, Monasticon Hibernicum, p.433
  17. ^ Clonkeen — Lord Killanin & M. V. Duignan, Shell Guide to Ireland, 1962, (new edition 1967), p.352
  18. ^ given by M. Lenihan, Limerick, Its History and Antiquities, 1866, p.31
  19. ^ Mervyn Archdall, Monasticon Hibernicum, 1786, p.810
  20. ^ Ordance Survey (6in) and Memorial Atlas of Ireland, 1901
  21. ^ White's list c.1658
  22. ^ Augustin Lubin, Orbis Augustinianus, as given by Louis Augustin Alemand, Monasticum Hibernicum, translated and edited by J. Stevens, 1722, pp.309, 312, 324
  23. ^ Tripartite Life of St. Patrick, edited by W. Stokes, (Rolls Ser.), 1887, pp.200, 350
  24. ^ Louis Augustin Alemand, Monasticum Hibernicum, translated and edited by John Stevens, 1722, p.353, misreading of James Ware, De Hibernia et Antiquitatibus ejus, 1654 edition, p.203
  25. ^ Rev. Patrick Fitzgerald and John James M'Gregor, The History, Topography and Antiquities of the County and City of Limerick, 1827, Vol 2, p.380
  26. ^ Rev. Patrick Fitzgerald and John James M'Gregor, The History, Topography and Antiquities of the County and City of Limerick, 1827, Vol 2, p.380
  27. ^ Mervyn Archdall, Monasticon Hibernicum, 1786, p.425
  28. ^ Cassells, iv, p.1
  29. ^ Samuel Lewis, A Topographical Dictionary of Limerick County and City, 1837, p.288
  30. ^ Mervyn Archdall, Monasticon Hibernicum, 1786, p.430, misreading Wadding
  31. ^ Louis Augustin Alemand, Monasticum Hibernicum, translated and edited by John Stevens, 1722
  32. ^ Cassells, Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland, iv, p.55
  33. ^ James Ware, De Hibernia et Antiquitatibus ejus, 1654 edition
  34. ^ Coll. de Rebust Hibernicis, BM. Additional manuscripts 4814, Sloane, f.5; Rev. Canice Mooney, OFM, Terminus, 1954, p.128
  35. ^ Tomas de Burgo, Hibernica Dominicana, 1762 edition, p.754
  36. ^ Rev. Patrick Fitzgerald and John James M'Gregor, History, Topography and Antiquities of the county and city of Limerick, 1826, Vol 1, pp.288-9, mentions ruins of abbey of Luden — (Louis Augustin Alemand, Monasticum Hibernicum, translated and edited by John Stephens, 1722, p.361); Luden is actually Louth Park, Lincolnshire
  37. ^ Thomas Dineley (in the time of Charles II), Journal, Royal Society of Antiquities of Ireland, viii, p.270
  38. ^ White's List ()compiled c.1658 — M. Lenihan, Limerick, its History and its Antiquities, 1866, pp.564, 736
  39. ^ O' Halloran
  40. ^ Cassells, Gazetteer of Great Britain and Ireland, Vol. 3, p.341
  41. ^ Rev. Canice Mooney, OFM, Terminus, 1956

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