List of monastic houses in the West Midlands (county)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
List of monastic houses in the West Midlands (county) is located in West Midlands county
Balsall Preceptory
Balsall Preceptory
COVENTRY
COVENTRY
Halesowen Abbey
Halesowen Abbey
Henwood Priory
Henwood Priory
Sandwell Priory
Sandwell Priory
Westwood Priory
Westwood Priory
Carmelite Monastery, Wolverhampton
Carmelite Monastery, Wolverhampton
Locations of monastic houses in West Midlands

The following is a list of monastic houses in the West Midlands, England.

In this article alien houses are included, as are smaller establishments such as cells and notable monastic granges (particularly those with resident monks), and also camerae of the military orders of monks (Templars and Hospitallers). The numerous monastic hospitals per se are not included here unless at some time the foundation had, or was purported to have the status or function of an abbey, priory, friary or preceptory/commandery.

The name of the county is given where there is reference to an establishment in another county. Where the county has changed since the foundation's dissolution the modern county is given in parentheses, and in instances where the referenced foundation ceased to exist before the unification of England, the kingdom is given, followed by the modern county in parentheses.

The geographical co-ordinates provided are sourced from the details provided by Historic England PastScape [1] and Ordnance Survey publications.

A Monastic Glossary follows the listing, which provides links to articles on the particular monastic orders as well as other terms which appear in the listing.

Abbreviations and key[edit]

The sites listed are ruins unless indicated thus:
* indicates current monastic function
+ indicates current non-monastic ecclesiastic function (including remains incorporated into later structure)
^ indicates current non-ecclesiastic function (including remains incorporated into later structure) or redundant intact structure
$ indicates remains limited to earthworks etc.
# indicates no identifiable trace of the monastic foundation remains
~ indicates exact site of monastic foundation unknown
identification ambiguous or confused

Locations with names in italics indicate probable duplication (misidentification with another location)
or non-existent foundations (either erroneous reference or proposed foundation never implemented)
or ecclesiastical establishments with a monastic appellation but lacking monastic connection.

Trusteeship denoted as follows:
EH English Heritage
LT Landmark Trust
NT National Trust

Alphabetical listing of establishments[edit]

Foundation Image Communities & Provenance Formal Name or Dedication
& Alternative Names
OnLine References & Location
Balsall Preceptory Temple Balsall Church.jpg Knights Templar
founded 1146 (c.1142) (during the reign of King Stephen) by Roger Mowbray;
preceptory before 1226;
dissolved 1308-12;
Knights Hospitaller 1322;
dissolved 1470, jointly with Grafton; granted to Sir Robert Dudley 1565/6;
became part of the holdings of the prior of the order in England 1476;
became ruinous;
restored 1622;
in use as chapel for the local almshouse 1677;
church became parochial church 1863;
now under trusteeship of The Foundation of Lady Katherine Leveson, with public access by arrangement
church: The Church of Saint Mary the Virgin
____________________
Temple Balsall;
Balsall and Grafton Preceptory;
Balshall Preceptory
[1][2]

52°22′54″N 1°41′50″W / 52.3815492°N 1.6973528°W / 52.3815492; -1.6973528 (Balsall Preceptory)
Coventry Greyfriars Greyfriars (Christchurch) Spire - geograph.org.uk - 288589.jpg Franciscan Friars Minor, Conventual (under the Custody of Worcester)
founded before 1234 by Ralph, Earl of Chester;
dissolved 5 October 1538; granted to the Mayor and bailiffs of Coventry 1542/3
[3][4]

52°24′21″N 1°30′41″W / 52.4057604°N 1.5115106°W / 52.4057604; -1.5115106 (Coventry Greyfriars)
Coventry — St Anne's Priory Carthusian monks — from London Charterhouse, Middlesex and Beauvale
founded 1381 by William, Lord Zouch, of Harrington;
dissolved 16 January 1539; granted to Richard Andrews and Leonard Chamberlain 1542/3
The Priory Church of Saint Anne, Coventry [5][6]

52°24′04″N 1°29′41″W / 52.4010099°N 1.494773°W / 52.4010099; -1.494773 (Coventry — St Anne's Priory)
Coventry — St Mary's Priory The west wall of St. Mary's Cathedral, Coventry, UK..jpg purported Saxon nunnery destroyed by in raids by the Danes 1016;
Benedictine monks
founded 1043(?) by Leofric, Earl of Mercia and his wife Lady Godiva: papal confirmation 1043;
abbatial-episcopal diocesan cathedral priory
founded 1102: see transferred from Chester;
dissolved 15 January 1539: see transferred to Lichfield
The Priory Church of Saint Mary, Saint Peter and Saint Osburg, Coventry [7][8][9]

52°24′32″N 1°30′31″W / 52.4089511°N 1.5086916°W / 52.4089511; -1.5086916 (Coventry Priory)
Coventry Whitefriars WTC Dumbledore's Army WhitefriarsGate4.JPG
Whitefriars, Coventry remnants of the Carmelite friary church foundations..jpg
Carmelite Friars
friary proposed 1287, forbidden;
founded 1342, built by Sir John Poultney, citizen of London and five times Lord Mayor;
dissolved 1 October 1538; granted to Ralph Sadler 1544/5
St Mary [10][11]

52°24′51″N 1°30′06″W / 52.4140787°N 1.5017098°W / 52.4140787; -1.5017098 (Coventry Whitefriars)
Dudley Priory Dudley Priory.JPG Cluniac monks
alien house: dependent on Wenlock Priory, Shropshire;
founded 1149-60 by Gervase Pagnell (Painell), carrying out the intentions of his father Ralph, lord of the manor;
became denizen: independent from 1395;
dissolved 1539; granted to Sir John Dudley 1540/1;site now located in public Priory Park
The Priory Church of Saint James, Dudley

Halesowen Abbey Halesowen Abbey - geograph.org.uk - 2433248.jpg Premonstratensian Canons — from Welbeck, Nottinghamshire
founded 1218 by Peter des Roches, Bishop of Winchester, (charter 1215), manor granted by King John 1214, canons arrived 1218;
dissolved 9 June 1538;
remains of abbey church and cloister in use as barn on Manor Abbey Farm; (EH)
The Abbey Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary and Saint John the Evangelist, Halesowen [12][13]

52°26′37″N 2°02′13″W / 52.4434811°N 2.0369393°W / 52.4434811; -2.0369393 (Halesowen Abbey)
Henwood Priory Benedictine nuns
founded 1154-9 (during the reign of Henry II, under Walter Durdent, Bishop of Chester (Coventry)) by Ketelberne (Katelbern) de Langdon;
dissolved 1536; granted to John Higford 1539/40
The Priory Church of Saint Margaret, Henwood
____________________
Heanwood Priory
[14][15]

52°24′21″N 1°43′47″W / 52.4057244°N 1.7297539°W / 52.4057244; -1.7297539 (Henwood Priory)
Sandwell Priory Sandwell Priory - geograph.org.uk - 636394.jpg hermitage before 1180;
Benedictine monks
founded c.1190[note 1] (c.1180[note 2]) by William, son of Guy de Offney;
dissolved 1524 (7 June 1525[note 3])
The Priory Church of Saint Mary Magdalene, Sandwell [16][17]

52°31′13″N 1°57′53″W / 52.5202017°N 1.9647101°W / 52.5202017; -1.9647101 (Sandwell Priory)
Westwood Priory Fontefralt Benedictine nuns and brothers — double house
alien house: cell dependent on Fontévrault;
founded after 1154 (early in the reign of Henry II), land and other endowments granted by Osbert FitzHugh and his mother Eustacia de Say;
Benedictine nuns
appears to have become a regular Benedictine community after c.1374;
became denizen: independent from before 1412(?);
dissolved 1553; granted to John Pakinton 1538/9
The Priory Church of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Westwood [18][19]

52°16′23″N 2°11′05″W / 52.2731109°N 2.1845976°W / 52.2731109; -2.1845976 (Westwood Priory)
Carmelite Monastery, Wolverhampton * Carmelite nuns
extant
[20]

52°34′11″N 2°08′47″W / 52.5697268°N 2.1464941°W / 52.5697268; -2.1464941 (Carmelite Monastery, Wolverhampton)
Wolverhampton Monastery (?) St. Peter's Collegiate Church, Wolverhampton - geograph.org.uk - 374475.jpg Saxon monks
founded 659? traditionally by Wulfhere, King of Mercia;
possibly refounded 994 by Lady Wulfran, land granted to Wulfgeat, kinsman of Lady Wulfran, by King Edgar, confirmed by Sigeric, Archbishop of Canterbury;
secular collegiate
founded c.994 possibly on the site of earlier monastery;
dissolved 1538;
restored 1852-65 by Ewen Christian
St Mary

St Peter
[21][22]

52°35′13″N 2°07′41″W / 52.5869°N 2.128°W / 52.5869; -2.128 (Wolverhampton Monastery)

Glossary[edit]

edit this box

Map link to lists of monastic houses in England by county[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sandwell — founded 1190: W. Dugdale, Monasticon Anglicanum;
  2. ^ Sandwell — founded 1180: Victoria County History: A History of the County of Stafford: Volume 3, p.216
  3. ^ Sandwell — dissolution 7 June 1525: T. Tanner, Notitia Monastica, Preface, p.xxxv

References[edit]

  1. ^ Historic England. "ST MARYS CHURCH (333772)". PastScape. Retrieved 28 November 2011. 
  2. ^ Houses of Knights Hospitaller — Preceptory of Balsall and Grafton — Victoria County History: A History of the County of Warwick: Volume 2 (pp.100-101)
  3. ^ Historic England. "COVENTRY GREYFRIARS (869509)". PastScape. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  4. ^ Friaries — Franciscan friars of Coventry — Victoria County History: A History of the County of Warwick: Volume 2 (pp.103-104)
  5. ^ Historic England. "CARTHUSIAN PRIORY OF ST ANNE (335697)". PastScape. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  6. ^ British History Online — Houses of Carthusian monks: Priory of St Anne, Coventry — Victoria County History: A History of the County of Warwick: Volume 2 (pp.83-86)
  7. ^ Historic England. "ST MARYS PRIORY (869474)". PastScape. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  8. ^ British History Online — Houses of Benedictine monks: Priory of Coventry — Victoria County History: A History of the County of Warwick: Volume 2 (pp.52-59)
  9. ^ St. Mary's, Coventry's First Cathedral: St. Mary's Priory & Cathedral: Introduction
  10. ^ Historic England. "COVENTRY WHITEFRIARS (869530)". PastScape. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  11. ^ Friaries — Carmelite friars of Coventry — Victoria County History: A History of the County of Warwick: Volume 2 (pp.104-105)
  12. ^ Historic England. "HALESOWEN ABBEY (118637)". PastScape. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  13. ^ Historic England. "HALESOWEN ABBEY CHURCH (1525010)". PastScape. Retrieved 1 December 2011. 
  14. ^ Historic England. "HENWOOD PRIORY (331333)". PastScape. Retrieved 28 November 2011. 
  15. ^ British History Online — Houses of Benedictine nuns — Priory of Henwood — Victoria County History: A History of the County of Warwick: Volume 2 (pp.65-66)
  16. ^ Historic England. "SANDWELL PRIORY (329618)". PastScape. Retrieved 11 November 2011. 
  17. ^ British History Online — Houses of Benedictine monks — The priory of Sandwell — Victoria County History: A History of the County of Stafford: Volume 3 (pp. 216-219)
  18. ^ Historic England. "WESTWOOD PRIORY (1303739)". PastScape. Retrieved 7 December 2011. 
  19. ^ British History Online — Houses of Benedictine nuns — Priory of Westwood — Victoria County History: A History of the County of Worcester: Volume 2 (pp.148-151)
  20. ^ Wolverhampton — Carmelite Nuns
  21. ^ Historic England. "ST PETERS CHURCH (118837)". PastScape. Retrieved 16 September 2013. 
  22. ^ Historic England. "Monument No. 118820". PastScape. Retrieved 16 September 2013. 
  • Binns, Alison (1989) Studies in the History of Medieval Religion 1: Dedications of Monastic Houses in England and Wales 1066–1216, Boydell
  • Cobbett, William (1868) List of Abbeys, Priories, Nunneries, Hospitals, And Other Religious Foundations in England and Wales and in Ireland, Confiscated, Seized On, or Alienated by the Protestant "Reformation" Sovereigns and Parliaments
  • Knowles, David & Hadcock, R. Neville (1971) Medieval Religious Houses England & Wales. Longman
  • Morris, Richard (1979) Cathedrals and Abbeys of England and Wales, J. M. Dent & Sons Ltd.
  • Thorold, Henry (1986) Collins Guide to Cathedrals, Abbeys and Priories of England and Wales, Collins
  • Thorold, Henry (1993) Collins Guide to the Ruined Abbeys of England, Wales and Scotland, Collins
  • Wright, Geoffrey N., (2004) Discovering Abbeys and Priories, Shire Publications Ltd.
  • English Cathedrals and Abbeys, Illustrated, Odhams Press Ltd.
  • Map of Monastic Britain, South Sheet, Ordnance Survey, 2nd edition, 1954