List of photovoltaic power stations

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Tengger Desert Solar Park is the world's largest solar park since 2016, with 1,547 MW installed capacity.

The following is a list of photovoltaic power stations that are larger than 200 megawatts (MW) in current net capacity.[1] Most are individual photovoltaic power stations, but some are groups of co-located plants owned by different independent power producers and with separate transformer connections to the grid. Wiki-Solar reports total global capacity of utility-scale photovoltaic plants to be some 96 GWAC which generated 1.3% of global power by the end of 2016.[2][3][4]

The size of photovoltaic power stations has increased progressively over the last decade with frequent new capacity records. The 97 MW Sarnia Photovoltaic Power Plant went online in 2010. Huanghe Hydropower Golmud Solar Park reached 200 MW in 2012. In August 2012, Agua Caliente Solar Project in Arizona reached 247 MW only to be passed by three larger plants in 2013. In 2014, two plants were tied as largest: Topaz Solar Farm, a PV solar plant at 550 MWAC in central coast area and a second 550-MW plant, the Desert Sunlight Solar Farm located in the far eastern desert region of California.[5][6] These two plants were superseded by a new world's largest facility in June 2015 when the 579 MWAC Solar Star project went online in the Antelope Valley region of Los Angeles County, California.[7] In 2016, the largest photovoltaic power station in the world was the 850 MW Longyangxia Dam Solar Park, in Gonghe County, Qinghai, China.

As with other forms of power generation, significant challenges exist with regard to regional habitat modification, such as that resulting from the heat island effect, and the resulting stress to local threatened species.[8] Several planned large facilities in the U.S. state of California have been downsized due in part to such concerns.[9][10]

World's largest photovoltaic power stations[edit]

The following is a list of operating solar farms that are 200 MW or larger.

Name Country Location Capacity
MWp or MWAC (*)
Annual Output
GWh
Land
Size
km²
Year Remarks Ref
Tengger Desert Solar Park  China 37°33′00″N 105°03′14″E / 37.55000°N 105.05389°E / 37.55000; 105.05389 (Tengger Desert Solar Park) 1,547 43 2016 1,547 MW solar power was installed in Zhongwei, Ningxia by 2015. [11][12]
Bhadla Solar Park  India 27°32′22.81″N 71°54′54.91″E / 27.5396694°N 71.9152528°E / 27.5396694; 71.9152528 (Bhadla Solar Park) 1,515 40 2019 The park is proposed to have a capacity of 2,255 MW[13] to be completed by December 2019. [14][15][16]
Pavagada Solar Park  India 14°05′49″N 77°16′13″E / 14.09694°N 77.27028°E / 14.09694; 77.27028 (Pavagada Solar Park) 1,400 53 2019 In Karnataka state, total planned capacity 2,050 MW [17][18][19][20]
Noor Abu Dhabi  United Arab Emirates 24°24′11″N 55°16′07″E / 24.40306°N 55.26861°E / 24.40306; 55.26861 (Noor Abu Dhabi) 1,177 8? 2019 Commercial operation achieved in June 2019. Located at Sweihan. [21][22]
Kurnool Ultra Mega Solar Park  India 15°40′53″N 78°17′01″E / 15.681522°N 78.283749°E / 15.681522; 78.283749 (Kurnool Solar Park) 1,000 24 2017 1000 MW operational as of December 2017 [23]
Datong Solar Power Top Runner Base  China 40°04′25″N 113°08′12″E / 40.07361°N 113.13667°E / 40.07361; 113.13667 (Datong Solar Power Top Runner Project), 40°00′19″N 112°57′20″E / 40.00528°N 112.95556°E / 40.00528; 112.95556 (Datong Solar Power Top Runner Project) 1,000 2016 1 GW Phase I completed in June 2016. Total capacity will be 3 GW in 3 phases. [24][25][26]
Longyangxia Dam Solar Park  China 36°10′54″N 100°34′41″E / 36.18167°N 100.57806°E / 36.18167; 100.57806 (Longyangxia Dam Solar Park) 850 23 2015 320 MW Phase I Completed in December 2013, 530 MW phase II in 2015 [27][28][29][30][31]
Villanueva Solar Park  Mexico 25°35′5″N 103°2′42″W / 25.58472°N 103.04500°W / 25.58472; -103.04500 (Villanueva Solar) 828 24 2018 828 MW when completed, expected completion in second half of 2018 [32][33]
Rewa Ultra Mega Solar  India 24°28′49″N 81°34′28″E / 24.48028°N 81.57444°E / 24.48028; 81.57444 (Rewa Ultra Mega Solar) 750 2018 [34]
Charanka Solar Park  India 23°54′N 71°12′E / 23.900°N 71.200°E / 23.900; 71.200 (Gujarat Solar Park 1) 690 20 2012 Situated at Charanka village in Patan district of Gujarat. Capacity expected to go upto 790 MW in 2019. [35][36][37]
Kamuthi Solar Power Project  India 9°21′16″N 78°23′4″E / 9.35444°N 78.38444°E / 9.35444; 78.38444 (Kamuthi Solar Power Project) 648 10.1 2016 Completed on 21 September 2016 [38][39]
Solar Star
(I and II)
 United States 34°49′50″N 118°23′53″W / 34.83056°N 118.39806°W / 34.83056; -118.39806 (Solar Star) 579* 1,664 13 2015 Largest in California and US. 579 MWAC (747.3 MWp) connected to the grid on June 19, 2015.[40] [41][42]
Copper Mountain Solar Facility  United States 35°47′N 114°59′W / 35.783°N 114.983°W / 35.783; -114.983 (Copper Mountain Solar Facility) 552* 1,291 16.2 2016 Largest in Nevada at 552 MWAC. Proposed Fifth Unit to add 250MW.
Desert Sunlight Solar Farm  United States 33°49′33″N 115°24′08″W / 33.82583°N 115.40222°W / 33.82583; -115.40222 (Desert Sunlight Solar Farm) 550* 1,287 16 2015 Phase I of 300 MWAC completed 2013. Phase II to final capacity completed January 2015. [43][44][45][46]
Topaz Solar Farm  United States 35°23′N 120°4′W / 35.383°N 120.067°W / 35.383; -120.067 (Topaz Solar Farm) 550* 1,268 19[47] 2014 Gradually commissioned since February 2013. Reached final capacity November 2014. [48][49][50]
Huanghe Hydropower Golmud Solar Park  China 36°24′00″N 95°07′30″E / 36.40000°N 95.12500°E / 36.40000; 95.12500 (Golmud Solar Park) 500 23 2014 Phase I completed in October 2011, followed by Phase II and III. 60 MW phase IV under construction. Within a group of 1,000 MW of co-located plants [30][51][52][53]
NP Kunta  India 14°01′N 78°26′E / 14.017°N 78.433°E / 14.017; 78.433 (NP Kunta Ultra Mega Solar Power Project) 500 2018 In Nambulapulakunta Mandal of Andhra Pradesh state. Total planned capacity 1500 MW [54][55][56]
Three Gorges Golmud Solar Park  China 500 2018 [57][58]
Three Gorges Delingha Solar Park  China 500 2018 [57][59]
Mount Signal Solar  United States 32°40′24″N 115°38′23″W / 32.67333°N 115.63972°W / 32.67333; -115.63972 (Mount Signal Solar) 460* 1,197 15.9 2018 Phase 1 of 206 MWAC in May 2014. Phase 3 of 254 MWAC in July 2018. Phase 2 of 154 MWAC projected in 2020. Up to 600 MWAC when complete. [60][61][62][63]
Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park  United Arab Emirates 24°45′17″N 55°21′54″E / 24.75472°N 55.36500°E / 24.75472; 55.36500 (Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park) 413 2018 600 MW under execution [64]
Mesquite Solar project  United States 33°20′N 112°55′W / 33.333°N 112.917°W / 33.333; -112.917 (Mesquite) 400* 1,140 9.3 2016 Largest in Arizona. Up to 700 MWAC when complete. [65]
Pirapora Solar project  Brazil 400 2018 Three phases (191.5 MW, 115 MW, 92.5 MW) [66]
Ananthapuramu - II  India 14°58′49″N 78°02′45″E / 14.98028°N 78.04583°E / 14.98028; 78.04583 (Ananthapuramu II solar park) 400 [67] 17.0 2019 Located at Talaricheruvu village in Tadipatri mandal of Anantapur district. Planned capacity 500 MW [68][69]
Yanchi Solar Park  China 38°09′48″N 106°45′40″E / 38.1633714°N 106.7611986°E / 38.1633714; 106.7611986 380 525 2016 First phase of 380 MW completed in June 2016. Up to 2,000 MW when complete. [27][70][71]
Cestas Solar Park  France 44°43′32″N 0°49′1″W / 44.72556°N 0.81694°W / 44.72556; -0.81694 (Cestas Solar Farm) 300 380 2.5 2015 Completed in October 2015 [72]
Techren Solar Project  United States 35°47′00″N 115°01′00″W / 35.78333°N 115.01667°W / 35.78333; -115.01667 (Techren Solar) 300* 9.3 2019 100MW Phase 1 and 200MW Phase 2. Expected completion in 2019. Up to 400MW when complete. [73]
Nova Olinda Solar Farm  Brazil 292 2017 in Ribeira do Piauí, Piauí [74]
Agua Caliente Solar Project  United States 32°57.2′N 113°29.4′W / 32.9533°N 113.4900°W / 32.9533; -113.4900 (Agua Caliente) 290* 740 9.7 2014 290MWAC project was completed in April 2014 [75][76][77][78]
California Flats Solar Project  United States 35°53′N 120°24′W / 35.883°N 120.400°W / 35.883; -120.400 (California Flats Solar Project) 280* 11.7 2017 130 MWAC completed November 2017. Full capacity year-end 2018.

[79] [80] [81]

Springbok Solar Farm  United States 35°15′N 117°58′W / 35.25°N 117.96°W / 35.25; -117.96 (Springbok Solar Farm) 260* 717 5.7 2016 260MW(AC) completed. Another 90MW proposed [65]
Don José Solar Farm  Mexico 260 2018 Completed May 2018 [82][83][33]
Ituverava Solar Farm  Brazil 254 2017 in Tabocas do Brejo Velho, Bahia [74]
Mandsaur Solar Farm  India 24°5′17″N 75°47′59″E / 24.08806°N 75.79972°E / 24.08806; 75.79972 (Mandsaur Solar Farm) 250 2017 at Runija in Mandsaur district of Madhya Pradesh state [84]
McCoy Solar Energy Project  United States 33°43′00″N 114°45′00″W / 33.71667°N 114.75000°W / 33.71667; -114.75000 (McCoy Solar Energy Project) 250* 745 9.3 2016 First 250 MW commissioned June 2016. Two more 250MW phases proposed. [85][86]
Silver State South Solar Project  United States 35°38′N 115°21′W / 35.633°N 115.350°W / 35.633; -115.350 (Silver State South Solar Project) 250* 711 11.7 2016 Commissioned December 2016 [65]
California Valley Solar Ranch  United States 35°20′N 119°55′W / 35.333°N 119.917°W / 35.333; -119.917 (California Valley Solar Ranch) 250* 675 7.96 2013 Completed October 2013 [87][88][89]
Stateline Solar  United States 35°35′08″N 115°26′09″W / 35.58556°N 115.43583°W / 35.58556; -115.43583 (Stateline Solar) 250* 658 6.82 2016 Completed September 2016. [65]
Moapa Southern Paiute  United States 36°31′N 114°45′W / 36.517°N 114.750°W / 36.517; -114.750 (Moapa Southern Paiute Solar Project) 250* 629 8.1 2016 First station on north american tribal lands. Commissioned March 2017. [65][90]
El Romero Solar Farm  Chile   246 2016 at Vallenar in the Atacama region [91]
Nikopol Solar Park [uk]  Ukraine   246 2019 Operating since February 16, 2019 [92]
Escalante Solar Project  United States 38°30′03″N 113°01′48″W / 38.50083°N 113.03000°W / 38.50083; -113.03000 (Escalante Solar Project) 240* 624 7.7 2016 Largest in Utah. [93]
Blythe Solar Energy Center  United States 33°39′0″N 114°43′12″W / 33.65000°N 114.72000°W / 33.65000; -114.72000 (Blythe Solar Energy Center) 235* 622 8.1 2016 Phase 1 of 110 MWAC in Apr 2016. Phase 2 of 125 MWAC in Oct 2016. Up to 485MW when complete [85][94]
Setouchi Kirei Mega Solar Power Plant  Japan 34°38′48″N 134°09′14″E / 34.64667°N 134.15389°E / 34.64667; 134.15389 (Setouchi Kirei Mega Solar Power Plant) 235 2.6 2018 Completed November 2018 [95]
Antelope Valley Solar Ranch  United States 34°46′N 118°25′W / 34.767°N 118.417°W / 34.767; -118.417 (Antelope Valley Solar Ranch) 230* 614 8.5 2015 Largest in Los Angeles County, CA [5][75][96][97][98][99]
Cixi solar farm  China   200 3 2017 Completed in January 2017. Mounted atop Changhe and Zhouxiang aquaculture reservoirs [30][100]
GA Solar 4 Project  United States 32°35′55″N 83°30′05″W / 32.59861°N 83.50139°W / 32.59861; -83.50139 (GA Solar 4) 200* 8.1 2019 Largest in Georgia and eastern US. Expected completion December 2019. 261MWdc/200MWac. [101][102][103]
Gansu Jintai Solar Facility  China 200 2013 in Jin Chang, Gansu Province [104]
Garland Solar Facility  United States 34°49′31″N 118°31′30″W / 34.82528°N 118.52500°W / 34.82528; -118.52500 (GA Solar 4) 200* 547 8.1 2016 272MWdc/200MWac. Kern County, CA [105][106]
Gonghe Industrial Park Phase I  China   200 2013 Completed in December 2013. Following phases with 550 MW planned. [30][107]
Great Valley Solar  United States 36°34′52″N 120°22′46″W / 36.58111°N 120.37944°W / 36.58111; -120.37944 (Great Valley) 200* 6.5 2018 281MWdc/200MWac. Fresno County, CA [65][108][109]
Tranquillity Solar project  United States 36°37′2″N 120°23′16″W / 36.61722°N 120.38778°W / 36.61722; -120.38778 (RE Tranquillity) 200* 455 7.7 2016 258MWdc/200MWac. Fresno County, CA [65][110][111]
Midway Solar  United States 30°59′28″N 102°13′17″W / 30.991045°N 102.221373°W / 30.991045; -102.221373 (Midway Solar) 236 6.1 2019 236MWdc/178MWac. Pecos County, TX [112][113]
Upton Solar 2  United States 31°15′04″N 102°16′06″W / 31.251208°N 102.268253°W / 31.251208; -102.268253 (Upton Solar) 235 7.7 2017 235MWdc/180MWac with 42MWh storage. Upton County, TX [114][115]
Roserock Solar  United States 30°57′37″N 103°18′24″W / 30.960209°N 103.306662°W / 30.960209; -103.306662 (Roserock Solar) 212 396 5.3 2016 212MWdc/157MWac. Pecos County, TX [116]
Buckthorn Solar 1  United States 30°34′32″N 102°33′05″W / 30.575520°N 102.551292°W / 30.575520; -102.551292 (Buckthorn Solar) 202 5.1 2018 202MWdc/154MWac. Pecos County, TX [65][117]
Notes:
  • For comparison of the listed "nominal power" in the above table, see list of largest power stations in the world, listing for each renewable and non-renewable technology the world's top 10 largest power stations in terms of nominal capacity.
  • List is generally incomplete, outdated and includes only the largest power stations, only above a capacity of 200 MW

Timeline of the largest PV power stations[edit]

Timeline of the largest PV power stations in the world
Year(a) Name of PV power station Country Capacity
MW
1982 Lugo  United States 1
1985 Carrisa Plain  United States 5.6
2005 Bavaria Solarpark (Mühlhausen)  Germany 6.3
2006 Erlasee Solar Park  Germany 11.4
2008 Olmedilla Photovoltaic Park  Spain 60
2010 Sarnia Photovoltaic Power Plant  Canada 97
2011 Huanghe Hydropower Golmud Solar Park  China 200
2012 Agua Caliente Solar Project  United States 290
2014 Topaz Solar Farm(b)  United States 550
2015 Longyangxia Dam Solar Park  China 850
2016 Tengger Desert Solar Park  China 1547
Also see list of photovoltaic power stations and list of noteworthy solar parks
(a) year of final commissioning (b) capacity given in  MWAC otherwise in MWDC

Largest PV power stations in each country[edit]

Largest PV power stations in each country
Country Capacity
MW
Name of PV power station
 Algeria 20 La centrale photovoltaïque d'Adrar[citation needed]
 Argentina 80 Iglesia-Guanizuil Solar Park[118]
 Australia 220 Bungala Solar Power Project
 Bangladesh 28 Technaf Solartech[citation needed]
 Belarus 55 Rechytsa Solar Park [pl]
 Brazil 400 Pirapora Solar Complex[citation needed]
 Bolivia 60 Uyuni Photovoltaic Plant [119]
 Bulgaria 50 Karadzhalovo[120]
 Burkina Faso 33 Zagtouli Solar Power Station[121]
 Canada 102 Grand Renewable Solar Project[citation needed]
 Czech Republic 38 Ralsko Solar Park
 Chile 246 El Romero Solar Farm[citation needed]
 China 1,547 Tengger Desert Solar Park
 France 300 Cestas Solar Park
 Germany 166 Solarpark Meuro
 Honduras 146 Nacaome and Valle Solar Power Plant[citation needed]
 India 1,515 Bhadla Solar Park
 Iran 20 Makran[citation needed]
 Israel 55 Halutziyot Power Station[citation needed]
 Italy 84 Montalto di Castro Photovoltaic Power Station
 Jamaica 28 Clarendon solar farm[citation needed]
 Japan 235 Setouchi Kirei Solar Power Plant[citation needed]
 Jordan 53 Shams Ma'an Solar Power Plant
 Kazakhstan 100 SES Saran[122]
 Kenya 55 Garissa Solar Power Plant[citation needed]
 Malaysia 50 TNB Sepang Solar[123]
 Mexico 310 Villanueva Solar[citation needed]
 Moldova 1 Fly Ren[citation needed]
 Mongolia 15 Zamyn-Üüd solar plant[124]
 Namibia 7 Otjikoto solar farm[125]
 Netherlands 54.5 Scaldia[citation needed]
 Pakistan 100 Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park
 Peru 180 Rubi Solar Power Plant
 Philippines 133 Cadiz Solar Power Plant
 Portugal 46 Moura Photovoltaic Power Station
 Romania 45 Slobozia Solar Park
 Russia 75 Samarskaya Solar Power Stationx
 Spain 60 Olmedilla Photovoltaic Park
 Senegal 30 Santhiou-Mekhe[citation needed]
 South Africa 175 Solar Capital De Aar[citation needed]
 Sweden 3 Solsidan[citation needed]
 Thailand 126 Tambol Huawai[citation needed]
 Tunisia 10 Photovoltaic solar power plant of Tozeur[citation needed]
 United Arab Emirates 213 Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Solar Park
 United Kingdom 72 Shotwick Solar Farm[126]
 United States 579 Solar Star(b)
 Uganda 24 Kabulasoke Solar Power Station(b)[127]
 Ukraine 246 Nikopol Solar Park [uk]
(b) capacity given in  MWAC otherwise in MWDC

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Media related to Photovoltaic power stations at Wikimedia Commons