List of zoonotic primate viruses

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The following list of primate viruses is not exhaustive. Many viruses specific to non-human primates nevertheless are known to jump and infect humans and, thus, become known as zoonoses.

Simian virus name Primary host Human transmission case Severity in humans Severity in monkeys
Chimpanzee herpesvirus Chimp  ??  ?? Latent infection
Langur herpesvirus Langur  ??  ?? Latent infection
Lymphotrophic polyomavirus (LPV) Monkeys Yes (common)  ??  ??
Herpes B virus Macaque Yes (rare) High mortality rate Latent infection
Mason-Pfizer monkey virus (MPMV) Monkeys No Unknown Immunodeficiency/cancer in Old World monkeys
Simian foamy virus (SFV) Monkeys Yes Unknown Latent infection
Simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) Monkeys Yes Unknown Immunodeficiency in macaques
Simian hemorrhagic fever virus (SHFV) Patas No Unknown Deadly in macaques
Simian varicella virus (SVV) Monkeys No Unknown Rash and latent infection
SV40 Monkeys Yes (common) Cancer Cancer
Titi monkey adenovirus (TmAdV) Titi monkey Yes (rare) Respiratory illness Deadly