List of monorail systems

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A monorail is a railway system in which the track consists of a single rail, typically elevated and with the trains suspended from it. The term is also used to describe the beam of the system, or the vehicles traveling on such a beam or track. Many monorail systems run on elevated tracks through crowded areas that would otherwise require the construction of expensive underground lines or have the disadvantages of surface lines.

Operational monorails[edit]

Location Country Name Year opened Stations System length Type Notes
Gold Coast  Australia Sea World Monorail System 1986 3 2 km (1.2 mi) Amusement Park
Lichtaart  Belgium Bobbejaanland Monorail[1] 1961 3 1.85 km (1.15 mi) Theme Park
São Paulo  Brazil Line 15 (São Paulo Metro) 2014 6 7.8 km (4.8 mi)[2]
Montreal  Canada La Ronde (amusement park) Minirail 1967 2 2.1 km (1.3 mi) Amusement Park
Chongqing  China Chongqing Monorail Line 2 & 3 2005 64 98 km (61 mi)[3]
Shanghai  China Shanghai maglev train 2004 2 30.5 km (19.0 mi)
Shenzhen  China Happy Line 1998 7 3.88 km (2.41 mi)
Shenzhen  China Window of the World Theme Park Monorail 1993 3 1.7 km (1.1 mi)
Xi'an  China Xi'an Monorail 2015 11 9.6 km (6.0 mi)
Fenggang, Dongguan, Guangdong  China Castfast Hotel Monorail[4] Hotel
Helsinki  Finland Linnanmäki Monorail (Maisemajuna) 1979 1 0.5 km (0.31 mi) Amusement Park
Saint-Pourçain-sur-Besbre  France Le Pal Monorail 1 Amusement Park
Wuppertal  Germany Wuppertal Suspension Railway 1901 20 13.3 km (8.3 mi)
Dresden  Germany Dresden Suspension Railway 1901 1 0.27 km (0.17 mi)
Dortmund  Germany H-Bahn Monorail 1984 4 3.16 km (1.96 mi)
Düsseldorf  Germany Düsseldorf SkyTrain Düsseldorf Airport 2002 4 2.5 km (1.6 mi)
Rust  Germany Europa-Park 1995 4 2.5 km (1.6 mi) Theme Park
Soltau  Germany Heide Park 1985 1 1.6 km (0.99 mi) Theme Park
Mumbai  India Mumbai Monorail 2014 17 19.54 km (12.14 mi)
Ravenna  Italy Mirabilandia Monorail 1992 1 1.5 km (0.93 mi) Theme Park
Chiba  Japan Chiba Urban Monorail 1988 18 15.2 km (9.4 mi)
Urayasu  Japan Disney Resort Line 2001 4 5 km (3.1 mi) Amusement Park
Kitakyushu  Japan Kitakyushu Monorail 1985 13 8.8 km (5.5 mi)
Naha, Okinawa  Japan Okinawa Monorail 2003 15 12.8 km (8.0 mi)
Osaka Prefecture  Japan Osaka Monorail 1990 18 28 km (17 mi)
Aki-ku, Hiroshima  Japan Skyrail Midorizaka Line 1998 3 1.3 km (0.81 mi)
Kanagawa Prefecture  Japan Shonan Monorail 1970 8 6.6 km (4.1 mi)
Western Tokyo  Japan Tama Toshi Monorail Line 1998 19 16 km (9.9 mi)
Taitō, Tokyo  Japan Ueno Zoo Monorail 1958 2 0.3 km (0.19 mi)
Tokyo  Japan Tokyo Monorail 1964 11 17.8 km (11.1 mi)
Malacca City, Malacca  Malaysia Melaka Monorail 2010 3 2.5 km (1.6 mi)
Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Monorail 2003 11 8.6 km (5.3 mi)
Mexico City  Mexico Aerotrén 2007 2 3 km (1.9 mi)
The Hague  Netherlands Drievliet Amusement Park Amusement Park
Hardenberg  Netherlands Slagharen Amusement Park Amusement Park
Hellendoorn  Netherlands Hellendoorn Amusement Park Amusement Park
Rhenen  Netherlands Ouwehands Zoo Zoo
Calabar  Nigeria Intamin P8 monorail A 1.1 km Intamin P8 monorail in Calabar in Cross River State opened in April 2016.[5]
Moscow  Russia Moscow Monorail 2004 6 4.7 km (2.9 mi)
Singapore  Singapore Sentosa Express 2007 4 2.1 km (1.3 mi)
Nasrec, Johannesburg  South Africa Expo Centrek Monorail Exposition Centre Located next to the 2010 FIFA World Cup Soccer City) hosts a monorail[6] that operates during major events such as the Rand Easter Show
Sun City  South Africa Sun City Casino Resort Monorail Casino Linking day visitor parking area to main complex.[7]
Daegu  South Korea Daegu Metro Line 3 2015 30 23.9 km (14.9 mi)
Zaragoza  Spain Plaza Imperial Monorail[8] 2008 2 0.6 km (0.37 mi)
Dashu District, Kaohsiung  Taiwan E-DA Theme Park Monorail 2 Theme Park Shuttle service
Chiang Mai Province  Thailand Chiang Mai Zoo Monorail 2005 4 2 km (1.2 mi)
Bangkok  Thailand Dream World Theme Park Monorail Resort Park Dream World Theme Park in the northern side of Bangkok has a monorail attraction in Adventure Land
Chon Buri  Thailand Pattaya Park Resort Monorail 2 km (1.2 mi) Resort Park
Ashgabat  Turkmenistan Ashgabat Monorail 2016[9] 3 5.2 km (3.2 mi)
Dubai  UAE Palm Jumeirah Monorail 2009 2 5.45 km (3.39 mi)
Chester  UK Chester Zoo Monorail 1991 2 1.5 km (0.93 mi)
Alton Towers  UK Alton Towers Monorail 1987 2 1.4 km (0.87 mi) Resort Park Trains were originally used at Expo 86 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Flamingo Land  UK Flamingo Land Monorail Theme Park
National Motor Museum  UK National Motor Museum Monorail Museum An unusual feature of the new museum building in 1972 is the National Motor Museum Monorail[6] passing through its interior. This was inspired by the light railway running through the US Pavilion at the Montreal World's Fair, Expo 67
Great Yarmouth Pleasure Beach  UK Great Yarmouth Pleasure Beach Monorail Resort Park
Tampa, Florida  US Tampa International Airport monorail Airport Connects the main terminal to the long-term parking garage
Newark, New Jersey  US AirTrain Newark, Newark Liberty International Airport Airport Connects terminals, parking lots, and Amtrak/NJ Transit Northeast Corridor rail station
Jacksonville, Florida  US Jacksonville Skyway 1989 8 4 km (2.5 mi) Urban
Las Vegas, Nevada  US Las Vegas Monorail 2004 7 6.3 km (3.9 mi) Urban
Seattle, Washington  US Seattle Center Monorail 1962 2 1.54 km (0.96 mi) Urban
Anaheim, California  US Disneyland Monorail System 1959 2 4 km (2.5 mi) Amusement Park
Bay Lake, Florida  US Walt Disney World Monorail System 1971 6 23.66 km (14.70 mi) Amusement Park
Hershey, Pennsylvania  US Hersheypark Amusement Park Ride
Lancaster, Pennsylvania  US Dutch Wonderland[10] Amusement Park Ride
Ocean City, New Jersey  US Gillians Wonderland Pier Amusement Park Ride
Marshal, Wisconsin  US Little Amerricka Amusement Park Ride
Miami, Florida  US Miami Zoo Monorail 1984 4 5 km (3.1 mi) Zoo
New York, New York  US Bronx Zoo Monorail Zoo To visit Wild Asia exhibit in the Bronx Zoo
Dallas, Texas  US Dallas Zoo Monorail Zoo
Gilroy, California  US Gilroy Gardens Monorail Other Provides users with an aerial view of the gardens' giant greenhouse
Sacramento, California  US Cal Expo Monorail Other California Exposition has a monorail that runs for more than a mile around their fairgrounds. It is only open during the California State Fair[11]
Aiea, Hawaii  US Pearlridge Skycab Other Pearlridge Center. Connects the Uptown part of the mall to the Downtown part of the mall. It is the only monorail system in Hawaii.
Fairfield, Ohio  US Jungle Jim's International Market Monorail Other Brings riders from a remote parking lot to the Oscar Events Center; cars were originally used at nearby Kings Island.[12]
Memphis, Tennessee  US Memphis Suspension Railway Monorail Other A short suspended monorail connects Mud Island in the Mississippi River to Memphis

This is a listing of operating monorails that are open to the public. Only true monorails (vehicle wider than track) are included; see people mover for a list of monorail-like systems.

Von Roll monorail at Alton Towers, UK, originally built for Expo 86 in Canada
CRT Line 2, Dongwuyuan station in Chongqing, China

Under construction[edit]

Physical construction work has started on the following monorails:

Eurasia[edit]

Country City Name of system Opening
Italy Italy Bologna Marconi Express 2019
Iran Iran Qom Qom Monorail 2019
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Riyadh Riyadh Monorail Unknown
Thailand Thailand Bangkok Yellow Line Unknown
Thailand Thailand Bangkok Pink Line 2020 (estimated)
Malaysia Malaysia Putrajaya Putrajaya Monorail Unknown

Americas[edit]

Country City Name of system Opening
Brazil Brazil São Paulo Line 18 Unknown
Brazil Brazil São Paulo Line 17 2019

Africa[edit]

Country City Name of system Opening
Nigeria Nigeria Port Harcourt Rivers Monorail Unknown

Proposed monorails[edit]

Africa[edit]

Country City Notes
Spain Spain Las Palmas de Gran Canaria NA
Morocco Morocco Fez NA
Nigeria Nigeria Lagos [13]
South Africa South Africa Johannesburg [14]
South Africa South Africa Cape Town [14]
Ghana Ghana Accra [1] [2]
Egypt Egypt Alexandria NA
Nigeria Nigeria Onitsha [15]
Nigeria Nigeria Aba [16]
Nigeria Nigeria Umuahia [16]

Americas[edit]

Asia[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

China[edit]

Hong Kong[edit]

India[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Thailand[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

Europe[edit]

Oceania[edit]

  • Brisbane Airport Monorail[32]
  • Melbourne Airport Monorail[33]
  • Nelson City Monorail[34]

Decommissioned or cancelled[edit]

Americas[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Canada[edit]

United States[edit]

Asia[edit]

Patiala State Monorail System at National Rail Museum, New Delhi

Hong Kong[edit]

India[edit]

Iran[edit]

Japan[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Singapore[edit]

Thailand[edit]

  • Fashion Island Monorail, Bangkok, Thailand. Short indoor amusement park monorail in Fashion Island shopping center. Decommissioned due to an accident that killed 2 riders.
  • Tuk-Tuk Monorail, Bangkok. Half indoor-outdoor monorail tour operated between LeoLand amusement park and the water park. The track survives in the 6th floor of Central City Bang Na.

Europe[edit]

  • Blackpool Pleasure Beach (relocated from 1964 Lausanne fair in Switzerland, closed in 2012)[45][46]
  • Milngavie, near Glasgow, had an experimental high-speed propellor-powered monorail, the Bennie Rail Plane, built during 1929-30 and abandoned during the Great Depression.
  • Butlins Skegness Camp, Skegness, United Kingdom (1964–2003) — the first commercial monorail in the UK
  • Birmingham Airport had a magnetic levitation train which had to be closed down due it becoming life expired and a lack of spare parts. It was later rebuilt as a more conventional elevated rail system.
  • Lartigue Monorail in France and Ireland. A restored 1-kilometre (0.62 mi) section now operates in Listowel.
  • Safari Skyway, Chessington, United Kingdom (1986–2015). Operated in Chessington World of Adventures.
  • Merry Hill Shopping Centre, Brierley Hill, West Midlands had a Von Roll Mk III Series monorail which opened in June 1991 but only worked for a short while before finally being sold off in 1996. The rolling stock now operates in Broadbeach, Queensland, Australia. Reasons for the closure of this system include a combination of technical problems and safety concerns (especially the difficulty of evacuation), exacerbated by a dispute between the owners of Merry Hill and The Waterfront which at this time were owned separately.
  • Seville Expo '92
  • France has two abandoned test tracks for the Aérotrain, which can be considered monorails. One is between Limours and Gometz-la-Ville and the other between Saran and Artenay. France also had a suspended monorail the SAFEGE that featured in the film Fahrenheit 451.
  • Russia had one suspended monorail built in 1899 at a leisure park. A horse-pulled monorail was already built in 1820 in Myachkove near Moscow.
  • Phantasialand: Phantasialand Jet (1974-2008), closed and removed. Manufacturer was the german theme park ride manufacturer Schwarzkopf.

Oceania[edit]

A monorail train at World Expo 88
  • Brisbane, Queensland had a Von Roll Type II monorail built for World Expo '88. Four sets, consisting of nine carriages each, operated in a continuous loop throughout the Expo site. A single train set and some track was sold to Sea World, Gold Coast, in 1989 for expansion of its monorail system. The remainder of the sets and track were bought back by Von Roll.
  • Oasis Shopping Centre, Broadbeach, Queensland ran between the shopping centre and Conrad Jupiters Casino. The Von Roll Mark III monorail, owned by the Oasis Shopping Centre, consisted of two 4-carriage trains. Two spare carriages that were removed when the system switched from 5-carriage to 4-carriage trains were also kept with the two trains. Most components were original to the Oasis Monorail, but some were sourced from the UK Merry Hill Shopping Centre's former monorail that closed in 1993. As of July, 2017, most of the monorail system has been removed (closed on 29 January 2017).[48]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-08-14. Retrieved 2014-06-11.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Companhia do Metropolitano inaugura quatro estações da Linha 15-Prata" [Metrô company opens four stations of Line 15-Silver]. São Paulo.sp (in Portuguese). Governo do Estado de São Paulo. 2018. Retrieved 2018-04-06.
  3. ^ "重庆轨道交通3号线北延伸段开通迎客-中新网". China News. 28 December 2016. Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Flickr". Flickr.
  5. ^ Transportation. "New Contract for P8 Monorail System in Calabar". www.intamintransportation.com.
  6. ^ "Nasrec Development - Stage 2: Business Plan" (PDF). Johannesburg Development Agency. September 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 6, 2006. Retrieved 2008-12-12.
  7. ^ "Sun City Transport". Retrieved 2009-10-21.
  8. ^ "Plaza Imperial Monorail - a Photo Essay". The Monorail Society. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
  9. ^ "Ashgabat". Intamin Worldwide (Press release). Retrieved July 2, 2018.
  10. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-05. Retrieved 2007-07-09.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  11. ^ Hilton, Spud. "The monorail at CalExpo winds more than a - Media (3 of 4) State Fair's city of fun / California's". The San Francisco Chronicle.
  12. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-11-18. Retrieved 2008-07-19.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  13. ^ NIGERIAN MONORAIL
  14. ^ a b African Business July 2007 p48
  15. ^ ONITSHA METROPOLITAN MONORAIL, NIGERIA
  16. ^ a b "Nigeria". Railpage. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
  17. ^ "Evalúan construir un monorriel junto a la Panamericana".
  18. ^ "Rousseff to sign agreement for US$875mn monorail construction in Rio - BNamericas". 6 September 2013.
  19. ^ "Bombardier construirá monotrilho em São Paulo".
  20. ^ "Monorail to Sherbourne suggested". The Nation Newspaper. 2008-04-24. Retrieved 2008-04-27.
  21. ^ a b c Joseph P Schwieterman (2007-09-01). "Return of the inter-city train". Railway Gazette International. p. 563.
  22. ^ http://www.trensquebec.qc.ca TrensQuébec (French).
  23. ^ "簡易地デジチューナー". www.maglevpa.com.
  24. ^ Young, Adam D. (January 4, 2014). "Texas Tech to downtown monorail could more than a daydream for Lubbock, McDougal says". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. Archived from the original on February 16, 2014.
  25. ^ "Noticias del Perú y el Mundo - El Comercio Perú". El Comercio.
  26. ^ Liverpool and Manchester - A Proposed One Line Railway
  27. ^ The Story of the Monorail
  28. ^ "Monorail for Manchester?". archive.commercialmotor.com. 28 January 1966. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
  29. ^ Ogden, Eric; Senior, John (1992). Metrolink. Glossop, Derbyshire: Transport Publishing Company. ISBN 0-86317-155-9.
  30. ^ "Preston council chief proposes monorail service". 2008-04-23. Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-27.
  31. ^ "6. fase - Svævebane". MCH. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
  32. ^ "Brisbane Airport master plan proposes monorail to link terminals and parking areas". Brisbane Times. March 31, 2014. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  33. ^ "MELBOURNE AIRPORT MONORAIL". Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  34. ^ "Nelson man pitches monorail option as alternative to Southern Link road". Stuff.
  35. ^ http://www.memoriadepocos.com.br/2011/01/30-anos-de-monotrilho.html
  36. ^ Gold, John Robert; Margaret M. Gold. Cities of Culture. Ashgate Publishing. p. 122. ISBN 978-1-84014-285-3. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  37. ^ Beauchamp (January 1997). Exhibiting Electricity. Institution of Electrical Engineers. p. 287. ISBN 978-0-85296-895-6.
  38. ^ Pendergrast, Lolo (August 23, 1994). "Carowinds retires monorail attraction". The Charlotte Observer. p. 1C.
  39. ^ Magazines, Hearst (June 1956). Popular Mechanics. Hearst Magazines. p. 77.
  40. ^ "Skytrail - Minnesota Zoo". Amusement Parkives. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
  41. ^ Photograph of monorail
  42. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-07-23. Retrieved 2010-07-13.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  43. ^ Photo of monorail
  44. ^ "Monorail News Archives - January 9 through March 19, 2005". www.monorails.org.
  45. ^ Beesley, Paul (2008-07-04). "Behind the scenes - A closer look at Blackpools Monorail". Ridemad. Retrieved 2008-10-09. Pleasure Beach Blackpool bought the monorail in 1964 from the Lausanne expo in Switzerland and it was opened in Pleasure Beach in 1966.
  46. ^ "End of the line for Blackpool's Monorail | Airgates". Airgates. 2012-11-05. Retrieved 2018-06-25.
  47. ^ "Sydney's monorail to make its final stop on June 30 next year".
  48. ^ "Long-time driver Les Davis says goodbye to the Broadbeach monorail as redevelopment starts".

External links[edit]