List of monorail systems

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A monorail is a railway system in which the track consists of a single rail, typically elevated and with the trains suspended from it. The term is also used to describe the beam of the system, or the vehicles traveling on such a beam or track. Many monorail systems run on elevated tracks through crowded areas that would otherwise require the construction of expensive underground lines or have the disadvantages of surface lines.

Operational monorails[edit]

Location Country Name Year opened Stations System length Type Notes
Gold Coast, Queensland  Australia Sea World Monorail System 1986 3 5.6 km (3.5 mi) Amusement park
Lichtaart  Belgium Bobbejaanland Monorail[1] 1961 3 1.85 km (1.15 mi) Amusement park
São Paulo  Brazil Line 15 (São Paulo Metro) 2014 10 12.8 km (8.0 mi)[2] Urban
Montreal  Canada La Ronde (amusement park) Minirail 1967 2 2.1 km (1.3 mi) Amusement park
Changsha  China Changsha Maglev Express 2016 3 18.6 km (11.5 mi) Urban Medium-speed maglev
Chongqing  China Line 2 (Chongqing Rail Transit) 2005 25 30.3 km (18.8 mi) Urban
Chongqing  China Line 3 (Chongqing Rail Transit) 2011 45 66.2 km (41.1 mi) Urban
Shanghai  China Shanghai maglev train 2002 2 30.5 km (19.0 mi) Urban High-speed maglev
Shenzhen  China Happy Line 1998 7 3.88 km (2.41 mi) Amusement park
Shenzhen  China Window of the World Monorail 1993 3 1.7 km (1.1 mi) Amusement park
Helsinki  Finland Linnanmäki Monorail (Maisemajuna) 1979 1 0.5 km (0.31 mi) Amusement park
Saint-Pourçain-sur-Besbre  France Le Pal Monorail 1 Amusement park
Wuppertal  Germany Wuppertal Suspension Railway 1901 20 13.3 km (8.3 mi) Urban
Dresden  Germany Dresden Suspension Railway 1901 2 0.27 km (0.17 mi) Urban
Dortmund  Germany H-Bahn Monorail 1984 4 3.16 km (1.96 mi)
Düsseldorf  Germany Düsseldorf SkyTrain Düsseldorf Airport 2002 4 2.5 km (1.6 mi) Airport
Rust  Germany Europa-Park 1995 4 2.5 km (1.6 mi) Amusement park
Soltau  Germany Heide Park 1985 1 1.6 km (0.99 mi) Amusement park
Mumbai  India Mumbai Monorail 2014 17 19.54 km (12.14 mi) Urban
Indramayu Regency  Indonesia Indramayu Monorail 2018 1 7.6 km (4.7 mi) Amusement park
Ravenna  Italy Mirabilandia Monorail 1992 1 1.5 km (0.93 mi) Amusement park
Chiba  Japan Chiba Urban Monorail 1988 18 15.2 km (9.4 mi) Urban
Urayasu  Japan Disney Resort Line 2001 4 5 km (3.1 mi) Amusement park
Kitakyushu  Japan Kitakyushu Monorail 1985 13 8.8 km (5.5 mi) Urban
Naha, Okinawa  Japan Okinawa Urban Monorail 2003 19 17 km (11 mi) Urban
Osaka Prefecture  Japan Osaka Monorail 1990 18 28 km (17 mi) Urban
Aki-ku, Hiroshima  Japan Skyrail Midorizaka Line 1998 3 1.3 km (0.81 mi)
Kanagawa Prefecture  Japan Shonan Monorail 1970 8 6.6 km (4.1 mi) Urban
Western Tokyo  Japan Tama Toshi Monorail Line 1998 19 16 km (9.9 mi) Urban
Taitō, Tokyo  Japan Ueno Zoo Monorail 1958 2 0.3 km (0.19 mi) Amusement park
Tokyo  Japan Tokyo Monorail 1964 11 17.8 km (11.1 mi) Urban
Malacca City, Malacca  Malaysia Melaka Monorail 2010 3 2.5 km (1.6 mi)
Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Monorail 2003 11 8.6 km (5.3 mi) Urban
Mexico City  Mexico Aerotrén 2007 2 3 km (1.9 mi) Airport
The Hague  Netherlands Drievliet Amusement Park Amusement park
Hardenberg  Netherlands Slagharen Amusement Park Amusement park
Hellendoorn  Netherlands Hellendoorn Amusement Park Amusement park
Rhenen  Netherlands Ouwehands Zoo Amusement park
Calabar  Nigeria Calabar Monorail 2016 3[3] 1.1 km (0.68 mi)
Moscow  Russia Moscow Monorail 2004 6 4.7 km (2.9 mi) Urban
Singapore  Singapore Sentosa Express 2007 4 2.1 km (1.3 mi)
Nasrec, Johannesburg  South Africa Expo Centrek Monorail Exposition Centre Located next to the 2010 FIFA World Cup Soccer City) hosts a monorail[4] that operates during major events such as the Rand Easter Show
Sun City  South Africa Sun City Casino Resort Monorail Amusement park Linking day visitor parking area to main complex.[5]
Daegu  South Korea Daegu Metro Line 3 2015 30 23.9 km (14.9 mi) Urban
Zaragoza  Spain Plaza Imperial Monorail[6] 2008 2 0.6 km (0.37 mi)
Dashu District, Kaohsiung  Taiwan E-DA Theme Park Monorail 2 Amusement park Shuttle service
Chiang Mai  Thailand Chiang Mai Zoo Monorail 2005 4 2 km (1.2 mi) Amusement park
Bangkok  Thailand Dream World Theme Park Monorail Amusement park Dream World Theme Park in the northern side of Bangkok has a monorail attraction in Adventure Land
Pattaya  Thailand Pattaya Park Resort Monorail 2 km (1.2 mi) Amusement park
Ashgabat  Turkmenistan Ashgabat Monorail 2016[7] 3 5.2 km (3.2 mi)
Dubai  UAE Palm Jumeirah Monorail 2009 2 5.45 km (3.39 mi)
Alton Towers  UK Alton Towers Monorail 1987 2 1.4 km (0.87 mi) Amusement park Trains were originally used at Expo 86 in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Flamingo Land  UK Flamingo Land Monorail Amusement park
Beaulieu, Hampshire  UK National Motor Museum Monorail 1974 2 1.6 km (0.99 mi) Amusement park
Great Yarmouth Pleasure Beach  UK Great Yarmouth Pleasure Beach Monorail 1987[8] 1 Amusement park
Tampa, Florida  US Tampa International Airport monorail 1991 8 1 km (0.62 mi) Airport
Newark, New Jersey  US AirTrain Newark 1996 8 4.8 km (3.0 mi) Airport
Jacksonville, Florida  US Jacksonville Skyway 1989 8 4 km (2.5 mi) Urban
Las Vegas, Nevada  US Las Vegas Monorail 2004 7 6.3 km (3.9 mi) Urban
Seattle, Washington  US Seattle Center Monorail 1962 2 1.54 km (0.96 mi) Urban
Anaheim, California  US Disneyland Monorail System 1959 2 4 km (2.5 mi) Amusement park
Bay Lake, Florida  US Walt Disney World Monorail System 1971 6 23.66 km (14.70 mi) Amusement park
Hershey, Pennsylvania  US Hersheypark Amusement park
Lancaster, Pennsylvania  US Dutch Wonderland[9] Amusement park
Ocean City, New Jersey  US Gillians Wonderland Pier Amusement park
Marshal, Wisconsin  US Little Amerricka Amusement park
Miami, Florida  US Miami Zoo Monorail 1984 4 5 km (3.1 mi) Amusement park
New York, New York  US Bronx Zoo Monorail Amusement park To visit Wild Asia exhibit in the Bronx Zoo
Dallas, Texas  US Dallas Zoo Monorail Amusement park
Gilroy, California  US Gilroy Gardens Monorail Amusement park Provides users with an aerial view of the gardens' giant greenhouse
Sacramento, California  US Cal Expo Monorail 1968 Amusement park California Exposition has a monorail that runs for more than a mile around their fairgrounds. It is only open during the California State Fair[10]
Aiea, Hawaii  US Pearlridge Skycab Other Pearlridge Center. Connects the Uptown part of the mall to the Downtown part of the mall. It is the only monorail system in Hawaii.
Fairfield, Ohio  US Jungle Jim's International Market Monorail Other Brings riders from a remote parking lot to the Oscar Events Center; cars were originally used at nearby Kings Island.[11]
Memphis, Tennessee  US Memphis Suspension Railway Monorail Other A short suspended monorail connects Mud Island in the Mississippi River to Memphis

This is a listing of operating monorails that are open to the public. Only true monorails (vehicle wider than track) are included; see people mover for a list of monorail-like systems.

Von Roll monorail at Alton Towers, UK, originally built for Expo 86 in Canada
CRT Line 2, Dongwuyuan station in Chongqing, China

Under construction[edit]

Physical construction work has started on the following monorails:

Eurasia[edit]

Country City Name of system Opening
China China Liuzhou Liuzhou Rail Transit Unknown
China China Guang'an Guang'an Metro 2019
China China Wuhu Wuhu Metro 2020
Italy Italy Bologna Marconi Express 2019
Iran Iran Qom Qom Monorail 2019
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Riyadh Riyadh Monorail Unknown
Thailand Thailand Bangkok Yellow Line 2021
Thailand Thailand Bangkok Pink Line 2021
Malaysia Malaysia Putrajaya Putrajaya Monorail Unknown

Americas[edit]

Country City Name of system Opening
Brazil Brazil São Paulo Line 17 2021

Africa[edit]

Country City Name of system Opening
Nigeria Nigeria Port Harcourt Rivers Monorail Unknown

Proposed monorails[edit]

Africa[edit]

Country City Notes
Spain Spain Las Palmas de Gran Canaria NA
Morocco Morocco Fez NA
Nigeria Nigeria Lagos [12]
South Africa South Africa Johannesburg [13]
South Africa South Africa Cape Town [13]
Ghana Ghana Accra [1] [2]
Egypt Egypt Cairo [14][15]
Nigeria Nigeria Onitsha [16]
Nigeria Nigeria Aba [17]
Nigeria Nigeria Umuahia [17]

Americas[edit]

Asia[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

China[edit]

Hong Kong[edit]

India[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Thailand[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

Europe[edit]

Oceania[edit]

  • Brisbane Airport Monorail[34]
  • Nelson City Monorail[35]

Decommissioned or cancelled[edit]

Americas[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Canada[edit]

United States[edit]

Asia[edit]

Hong Kong[edit]

India[edit]

Iran[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

  • Jakarta Monorail, Jakarta Jakarta Monorail cancelled in 2015 because the Greater Jakarta LRT is starting to make the project.
  • TRS Monorail, Surabaya Taman Remaja Surabaya Monorail is closed 'cause has been replaced by other Surabaya Theme Parks.
  • THR Sriwedari Monorail, Surakarta Taman Hiburan Rakyat Sriwedari Monorail closed and replaced by Solo Theme Parks.

Japan[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Singapore[edit]

Thailand[edit]

  • Fashion Island Monorail, Bangkok, Thailand. Short indoor amusement park monorail in Fashion Island shopping center. Decommissioned due to an accident that killed 2 riders.
  • Tuk-Tuk Monorail, Bangkok. Half indoor-outdoor monorail tour operated between LeoLand amusement park and the water park. The track survives in the 6th floor of Central City Bang Na.

Europe[edit]

Oceania[edit]

A monorail train at World Expo 88
  • Brisbane, Queensland had a Von Roll Type II monorail built for World Expo '88. Four sets, consisting of nine carriages each, operated in a continuous loop throughout the Expo site. A single train set and some track was sold to Sea World, Gold Coast, in 1989 for expansion of its monorail system. The remainder of the sets and track were bought back by Von Roll.
  • Oasis Shopping Centre, Broadbeach, Queensland ran between the shopping centre and Conrad Jupiters Casino. The Von Roll Mark III monorail, owned by the Oasis Shopping Centre, consisted of two 4-carriage trains. Two spare carriages that were removed when the system switched from 5-carriage to 4-carriage trains were also kept with the two trains. Most components were original to the Oasis Monorail, but some were sourced from the UK Merry Hill Shopping Centre's former monorail that closed in 1993. As of July, 2017, most of the monorail system has been removed (closed on 29 January 2017).[51]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-08-14. Retrieved 2014-06-11.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Governo de SP entrega 3 novas estações do Metrô". São Paulo.sp (in Portuguese). Governo do Estado de São Paulo. 2019. Retrieved 2019-12-16.
  3. ^ "Calabar". Intamin Transportation. Retrieved 2019-12-04.
  4. ^ "Nasrec Development - Stage 2: Business Plan" (PDF). Johannesburg Development Agency. September 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 6, 2006. Retrieved 2008-12-12.
  5. ^ "Sun City Transport". Retrieved 2009-10-21.
  6. ^ "Plaza Imperial Monorail - a Photo Essay". The Monorail Society. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
  7. ^ "Ashgabat". Intamin Worldwide (Press release). Retrieved July 2, 2018.
  8. ^ "Check Out All The Rides". Pleasure Beach. Retrieved 2019-12-04.
  9. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2007-07-05. Retrieved 2007-07-09.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  10. ^ Hilton, Spud. "The monorail at CalExpo winds more than a - Media (3 of 4) State Fair's city of fun / California's". The San Francisco Chronicle.
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-11-18. Retrieved 2008-07-19.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ NIGERIAN MONORAIL
  13. ^ a b African Business July 2007 p48
  14. ^ "Orascom, Bombardier to build $1.5 billion monorail in Egypt". Reuters. 3 May 2015. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  15. ^ "Cairo monorail trains to be built in UK". BBC News. 28 May 2019. Retrieved 29 May 2019.
  16. ^ ONITSHA METROPOLITAN MONORAIL, NIGERIA
  17. ^ a b "Nigeria". Railpage. Retrieved July 2, 2018.
  18. ^ "Evalúan construir un monorriel junto a la Panamericana".
  19. ^ "Rousseff to sign agreement for US$875mn monorail construction in Rio - BNamericas". 6 September 2013.
  20. ^ "Bombardier construirá monotrilho em São Paulo".
  21. ^ "Monorail to Sherbourne suggested". The Nation Newspaper. 2008-04-24. Retrieved 2008-04-27.
  22. ^ a b c Joseph P Schwieterman (2007-09-01). "Return of the inter-city train". Railway Gazette International. p. 563.
  23. ^ http://www.trensquebec.qc.ca TrensQuébec (French).
  24. ^ "簡易地デジチューナー". www.maglevpa.com.
  25. ^ Young, Adam D. (January 4, 2014). "Texas Tech to downtown monorail could more than a daydream for Lubbock, McDougal says". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. Archived from the original on February 16, 2014.
  26. ^ "Noticias del Perú y el Mundo - El Comercio Perú". El Comercio.
  27. ^ https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/trafficandcommuting/a-montgomery-developer-has-a-plan-to-ease-traffic-on-i-270-build-a-monorail/2019/05/18/fc89372a-7724-11e9-b3f5-5673edf2d127_story.html
  28. ^ Liverpool and Manchester - A Proposed One Line Railway
  29. ^ The Story of the Monorail
  30. ^ "Monorail for Manchester?". Archive.commercialmotor.com. 28 January 1966. Retrieved 5 March 2017.
  31. ^ Ogden, Eric; Senior, John (1992). Metrolink. Glossop, Derbyshire: Transport Publishing Company. ISBN 0-86317-155-9.
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  33. ^ "6. fase - Svævebane". MCH. Retrieved 20 August 2011.
  34. ^ "Brisbane Airport master plan proposes monorail to link terminals and parking areas". Brisbane Times. March 31, 2014. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  35. ^ "Nelson man pitches monorail option as alternative to Southern Link road". Stuff.
  36. ^ http://www.memoriadepocos.com.br/2011/01/30-anos-de-monotrilho.html
  37. ^ Gold, John Robert; Margaret M. Gold (2005). Cities of Culture. Ashgate Publishing. p. 122. ISBN 978-1-84014-285-3. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  38. ^ Beauchamp (January 1997). Exhibiting Electricity. Institution of Electrical Engineers. p. 287. ISBN 978-0-85296-895-6.
  39. ^ Pendergrast, Lolo (August 23, 1994). "Carowinds retires monorail attraction". The Charlotte Observer. p. 1C.
  40. ^ Perez, Ismael (2018-09-15). "The HemisFair monorail derailed 50 years ago, killing one". San Antonio Express-News. Retrieved 2020-01-13.
  41. ^ Magazines, Hearst (June 1956). Popular Mechanics. Hearst Magazines. p. 77.
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  43. ^ Photograph of monorail
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  45. ^ Photo of monorail
  46. ^ "Monorail News Archives - January 9 through March 19, 2005". www.monorails.org.
  47. ^ Beesley, Paul (2008-07-04). "Behind the scenes - A closer look at Blackpools Monorail". Ridemad. Retrieved 2008-10-09. Pleasure Beach Blackpool bought the monorail in 1964 from the Lausanne expo in Switzerland and it was opened in Pleasure Beach in 1966.
  48. ^ "End of the line for Blackpool's Monorail | Airgates". Airgates. 2012-11-05. Retrieved 2018-06-25.
  49. ^ "Why doesn't the UK take monorails seriously?". BBC News Online. 2019-09-20. Retrieved 2019-09-22.
  50. ^ "Sydney's monorail to make its final stop on June 30 next year".
  51. ^ "Long-time driver Les Davis says goodbye to the Broadbeach monorail as redevelopment starts".

External links[edit]