List of monorail systems

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A Monorail is a railway system in which the track consists of a single rail, typically elevated and with the trains suspended from it. The term is also used to describe the beam of the system, or the vehicles traveling on such a beam or track. Monorail systems have been built in many countries around the world, many of them on elevated tracks through crowded areas that would otherwise require the construction of expensive underground lines or have the disadvantages of surface lines.

Operational monorails[edit]

Location Country Name Year opened Stations System length
Gold Coast  Australia Sea World Monorail System 1986 3 2 km (1.2 mi)
Lichtaart  Belgium Bobbejaanland Monorail[1] 1961 3 1.85 km (1.15 mi)
São Paulo  Brazil Line 15 (São Paulo Metro) 2014 2 2.9 km (1.8 mi)
Montreal  Canada La Ronde (amusement park) Minirail 1967 2 2.1 km (1.3 mi)
Chongqing  China Chongqing Monorail Line 2 & 3 2005 64 98 km (61 mi)[2]
Shanghai  China Shanghai Maglev Train 2004 2 30.5 km (19.0 mi)
Shenzhen  China Happy Line 1998 7 3.88 km (2.41 mi)
Shenzhen  China Window of the World Theme Park Monorail 1993 3 1.7 km (1.1 mi)
Xi'an  China Xi'an Monorail 2015 11 9.6 km (6.0 mi)
Helsinki  Finland Linnanmäki Monorail (Maisemajuna) 1979 1 0.5 km (0.31 mi)
Wuppertal  Germany Wuppertal Suspension Railway 1901 20 13.3 km (8.3 mi)
Dresden  Germany Dresden Suspension Railway 1901 1 0.27 km (0.17 mi)
Dortmund  Germany H-Bahn Monorail 1984 4 3.16 km (1.96 mi)
Düsseldorf  Germany Düsseldorf SkyTrain Düsseldorf Airport 2002 4 2.5 km (1.6 mi)
Mumbai  India Mumbai Monorail 2014 17 19.54 km (12.14 mi)
Listowel  Ireland Lartigue Monorail 2003 1 0.3 km (0.19 mi)
Ravenna  Italy Mirabilandia Monorail 1992 1 1.5 km (0.93 mi)
Chiba  Japan Chiba Urban Monorail 1988 18 15.2 km (9.4 mi)
Urayasu  Japan Disney Resort Line 2001 4 5 km (3.1 mi)
Kitakyushu  Japan Kitakyushu Monorail 1985 13 8.8 km (5.5 mi)
Naha, Okinawa  Japan Okinawa Monorail 2003 15 12.8 km (8.0 mi)
Osaka Prefecture  Japan Osaka Monorail 1990 18 28 km (17 mi)
Aki-ku, Hiroshima  Japan Skyrail Midorizaka Line 1998 3 1.3 km (0.81 mi)
Kanagawa Prefecture  Japan Shonan Monorail 1970 8 6.6 km (4.1 mi)
Western Tokyo  Japan Tama Toshi Monorail Line 1998 19 16 km (9.9 mi)
Taitō, Tokyo  Japan Ueno Zoo Monorail 1958 2 0.3 km (0.19 mi)
Tokyo  Japan Tokyo Monorail 1964 11 17.8 km (11.1 mi)
Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Monorail 2003 11 8.6 km (5.3 mi)
Mexico City  Mexico Aerotrén 2007 2 3 km (1.9 mi)
Moscow  Russia Moscow Monorail 2004 6 4.7 km (2.9 mi)
Singapore  Singapore Sentosa Express 2007 4 2.1 km (1.3 mi)
Daegu  South Korea Daegu Metro Line 3 2015 30 23.9 km (14.9 mi)
Zaragoza  Spain Plaza Imperial Monorail[3] 2008 2 0.6 km (0.37 mi)
Chiang Mai Province  Thailand Chiang Mai Zoo Monorail 2005 4 2 km (1.2 mi)
Ashgabat  Turkmenistan Ashgabat Monorail 2016[4] 3 5.2 km (3.2 mi)
Dubai  UAE Palm Jumeirah Monorail 2009 2 5.45 km (3.39 mi)
Chester  UK Chester Zoo Monorail 1991 2 1.5 km (0.93 mi)
Anaheim, California  US Disneyland Monorail System 1959 2 4 km (2.5 mi)
Jacksonville  US Jacksonville Skyway 1989 8 4 km (2.5 mi)
Las Vegas Strip  US Las Vegas Monorail 2004 7 6.3 km (3.9 mi)
Seattle  US Seattle Center Monorail 1962 2 1.54 km (0.96 mi)
Bay Lake, Florida  US Walt Disney World Monorail System 1971 6 23.66 km (14.70 mi)

This is a listing of monorails that are presently operating and open to the public. Only true monorails (vehicle wider than track) are included; see people mover for a list of monorail-like systems.

Other Monorails[edit]

Africa[edit]

Nigeria[edit]

There is a monorail under construction in Port Harcourt,[5] Enugu,[6] and Onitsha.[7]

South Africa[edit]

Asia[edit]

China[edit]
CRT Line 2, Dongwuyuan station in Chongqing, China

Malaysia[edit]

Taiwan[edit]

Thailand[edit]
  • Dream World Theme Park in the northern side of Bangkok has a monorail attraction in Adventure Land.
  • Pattaya Park Resort in Chon Buri province has an operating monorail transit.

Europe[edit]

Von Roll monorail at Alton Towers, UK, originally built for Expo 86 in Canada

North America[edit]

Monorails can be found in the following places in North America:

Airports and shopping/medical centers[edit]
Amusement parks/exhibition areas[edit]

Australia[edit]

Monorails under construction[edit]

Physical construction work has started on the following monorails:

Eurasia[edit]

Americas[edit]

Africa[edit]

Proposed monorails[edit]

Africa[edit]

Australia

  • Brisbane Airport Monorail
  • Melbourne Airport Monorail

North America[edit]

South America[edit]

Asia[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

China[edit]

Hong Kong[edit]

India[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Thailand[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

Europe[edit]

Decommissioned or Cancelled Monorails[edit]

Asia[edit]

Patiala State Monorail System at National Rail Museum, New Delhi

Hong Kong[edit]

India[edit]

Iran[edit]

Japan[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Singapore[edit]

Thailand[edit]

  • Fashion Island Monorail, Bangkok, Thailand. Short indoor amusement park monorail in Fashion Island shopping center. Decommissioned due to an accident which killed 2 riders.
  • Tuk-Tuk Monorail, Bangkok. Half indoor-outdoor monorail tour operated between LeoLand amusement park and the water park. The track is still located in the 6th floor of Central City Bang Na.

Australia[edit]

  • Sydney Monorail (also known as Metro Monorail), Sydney, Australia (closed on 30 June 2013)[38]
A monorail train at World Expo 88
  • Brisbane, Queensland had a Von Roll Type II monorail built for World Expo '88. Four sets, consisting of nine carriages each, operated in a continuous loop throughout the Expo site. A single train set and some track was sold to Sea World, Gold Coast, in 1989 for expansion of its monorail system. The remainder of the sets and track were bought back by Von Roll.

Europe[edit]

  • Milngavie, near Glasgow, had an experimental high-speed propellor-powered monorail, the Bennie Rail Plane, built during 1929-30 and abandoned during the Great Depression.
  • Butlins Skegness Camp, Skegness, United Kingdom (1964–2003) — the first commercial monorail in the UK
  • Birmingham Airport had a magnetic levitation train which had to be closed down due it becoming life expired and a lack of spare parts. It was later rebuilt as a more conventional elevated rail system.
  • Safari Skyway, Chessington, United Kingdom (1986–2015). Operated in Chessington World of Adventures.
  • Merry Hill Shopping Centre, Brierley Hill, West Midlands had a Von Roll Mk III Series monorail which opened in June 1991 but only worked for a short while before finally being sold off in 1996. The rolling stock now operates in Broadbeach, Queensland, Australia. Reasons for the closure of this system include a combination of technical problems and safety concerns (especially the difficulty of evacuation), exacerbated by a dispute between the owners of Merry Hill and The Waterfront which at this time were owned separately.
  • Seville Expo '92
  • France has two abandoned test tracks for the Aérotrain, which can be considered monorails. One is between Limours and Gometz-la-Ville and the other between Saran and Artenay. France also had a suspended monorail the SAFEGE that featured in the film Fahrenheit 451.
  • Russia had one suspended monorail build in 1899 at a leisure park. A horse-pulled monorail was already been built in 1820 in Myachkove near Moscow.

North America[edit]

Canada[edit]

USA[edit]

South America[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.bobbejaanland.be/be/attracties/monorail
  2. ^ "重庆轨道交通3号线北延伸段开通迎客-中新网". China News. 28 December 2016. Retrieved 28 December 2016. 
  3. ^ "Plaza Imperial Monorail - a Photo Essay". The Monorail Society. Retrieved September 7, 2016. 
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ http://riversmonorail.ng/
  6. ^ http://www.globim.com/enugu.html
  7. ^ http://www.globim.com/onitsha.html
  8. ^ "Nasrec Development - Stage 2: Business Plan" (PDF). Johannesburg Development Agency. September 2005. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 6, 2006. Retrieved 2008-12-12. 
  9. ^ "Sun City Transport". Retrieved 2009-10-21. 
  10. ^ [2]
  11. ^ Beesley, Paul (2008-07-04). "Behind the scenes - A closer look at Blackpools Monorail". Ridemad. Retrieved 2008-10-09. Pleasure Beach Blackpool bought the monorail in 1964 from the Lausanne expo in Switzerland and it was opened in Pleasure Beach in 1966. 
  12. ^ Hilton, Spud. "The monorail at CalExpo winds more than a - Media (3 of 4) State Fair's city of fun / California's". The San Francisco Chronicle. 
  13. ^ [3]
  14. ^ [4]
  15. ^ http://www.monorails.org/tMspages/Kermanshah.html
  16. ^ [5]
  17. ^ http://www.railwaysafrica.com/blog/2010/12/nigerian-monorail-3/
  18. ^ a b African Business July 2007 p48
  19. ^ http://www.railwaysafrica.com/blog/2012/04/onitsha-metropolitan-monorail-nigeria/
  20. ^ a b http://www.railpage.com.au/f-t11361046-s75.htm
  21. ^ "Monorail to Sherbourne suggested". The Nation Newspaper. 2008-04-24. Retrieved 2008-04-27. 
  22. ^ a b c Joseph P Schwieterman (2007-09-01). "Return of the inter-city train". Railway Gazette International. p. 563. 
  23. ^ http://www.trensquebec.qc.ca TrensQuébec (French).
  24. ^ Pennsylvania High Speed Maglev Project - Connecting Pittsburgh International Airport, Downtown, Monroeville, Greensburg
  25. ^ Young, Adam D. (January 4, 2014). "Texas Tech to downtown monorail could more than a daydream for Lubbock, McDougal says". Lubbock Avalanche-Journal. Archived from the original on January 4, 2014. 
  26. ^ Barron, James (11 March 2015). "Tracing the Route of a Proposed AirTrain to La Guardia Airport". The New York Times. Retrieved 16 September 2015. 
  27. ^ http://veja.abril.com.br/noticia/economia/bombardier-construira-monotrilho-em-sao-paulo
  28. ^ http://www.lanacion.com.ar/1476974-evaluan-construir-un-monorriel-junto-a-la-panamericana
  29. ^ http://elcomercio.pe/actualidad/1647822/noticia-arequipa-contaria-tren-electrico-2016
  30. ^ http://www.bnamericas.com/news/infrastructure/rousseff-to-sign-agreement-for-us875mn-monorail-construction-in-rio
  31. ^ "Preston council chief proposes monorail service". 2008-04-23. Archived from the original on May 17, 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-27. 
  32. ^ "News paper article". 2006-01-01. Retrieved 2009-11-13. 
  33. ^ "6. fase - Svævebane". MCH. Retrieved 20 August 2011. 
  34. ^ [6]
  35. ^ [7]
  36. ^ [8]
  37. ^ Monorail News
  38. ^ "Sydney's monorail to make its final stop on June 30 next year". 
  39. ^ Gold, John Robert; Margaret M. Gold. Cities of Culture. Ashgate Publishing. p. 122. ISBN 978-1-84014-285-3. Retrieved 12 November 2011. 
  40. ^ Beauchamp (January 1997). Exhibiting Electricity. Institution of Electrical Engineers. p. 287. ISBN 978-0-85296-895-6. 
  41. ^ Pendergrast, Lolo (August 23, 1994). "Carowinds retires monorail attraction". The Charlotte Observer. p. 1C. 
  42. ^ "First U.S. Monorail Has Trial Run." Popular Mechanics, June 1956, p. 77.
  43. ^ http://www.twincities.com 6/2/2013
  44. ^ Kaiman, Beth (4 November 2014). "Seattle's Latest monorail proposal loses big". The Seattle TImes. Retrieved 9 November 2014. 

External links[edit]