List of monorail systems

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A monorail is a railway system in which the track consists of a single elevated rail, beam or track with the trains either supported or suspended. The term is also used to describe the beam of the system, or the vehicles traveling on such a beam or track. Many monorail systems run through crowded areas that would otherwise require the construction of expensive underground lines or have the disadvantages of surface lines. Aside from mass transit and people mover systems, a large number of smaller monorails have been built in amusement parks and at zoos.

Operational monorails[edit]

These are lists of operating monorails that are open to the public. Only true monorails (vehicle wider than track) are included; see people mover for a list of monorail-like systems. There are also other monorail type systems used for human transportation not included, such as slope cars, mining monorails and farm monorails.

Operational monorails - transit, people movers[edit]

Systems used primarily for passenger transportation, characterised by enclosed cars, multiple stations and open on a regular basis. Ordered by system length (click headings to re-sort). Monorails associated with amusement parks that have enclosed cabins and multiple stations are generally included here.

Location Country Name Opened Stations Length Type Construction type
Chongqing  China Line 2 & Line 3, Chongqing Rail Transit 2005 70 96.5 km (60.0 mi) Urban Straddle-beam Hitachi Large
Wuhu China China Wuhu Metro 2021 36 46.2 km (28.7 mi) Urban Straddle-beam Innovia Monorail 300
Shanghai  China Shanghai maglev train 2002 2 30.5 km (19.0 mi) Urban Maglev Transrapid
Osaka Prefecture  Japan Osaka Monorail 1990 18 28 km (17 mi) Urban Straddle-beam Hitachi Large
Daegu  South Korea Daegu Metro Line 3 2015 30 23.9 km (14.9 mi) Urban Straddle-beam Hitachi Large
Bay Lake, Florida  US Walt Disney World Monorail (3 lines) 1971 6 23.66 km (14.70 mi) Amusement park Straddle-beam Bombardier M-VI
Mumbai  India Mumbai Monorail 2014 17 19.54 km (12.14 mi) Urban Straddle-beam Hitachi Medium
Changsha  China Changsha Maglev Express 2016 3 18.6 km (11.6 mi) Urban Maglev
Tokyo  Japan Tokyo Monorail 1964 11 17.8 km (11.1 mi) Urban Straddle-beam Hitachi Medium
Naha, Okinawa  Japan Okinawa Urban Monorail 2003 19 17 km (11 mi) Urban Straddle-beam Hitachi Medium
Western Tokyo  Japan Tama Toshi Monorail Line 1998 19 16 km (9.9 mi) Urban Straddle-beam Hitachi Large
Chiba  Japan Chiba Urban Monorail 1988 18 15.2 km (9.4 mi) Urban Suspended SAFEGE
São Paulo  Brazil Line 15 (São Paulo Metro) 2014 11 14.6 km (9.1 mi)[1] Urban Straddle-beam Innovia Monorail 300
Wuppertal  Germany Wuppertal Suspension Railway 1901 20 13.3 km (8.3 mi) Urban Suspended Double-flanged
Ningxia  China Yungui monorail[2][3] 2018 8 9.7 km (6.0 mi) Other Straddle-beam
Beijing  China Line S1 (Beijing Subway) 2017 7 9.1 km (5.7 mi) Urban Maglev
Aichi Prefecture  Japan Linimo 2005 9 8.9 km (5.5 mi) Urban Maglev
Kitakyushu  Japan Kitakyushu Monorail 1985 13 8.8 km (5.5 mi) Urban Straddle-beam Hitachi Large
Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur Monorail 2003 11 8.6 km (5.3 mi) Urban Straddle-beam Hitachi Medium
Kanagawa Prefecture  Japan Shonan Monorail 1970 8 6.6 km (4.1 mi) Urban Suspended SAFEGE
Las Vegas, Nevada  US Las Vegas Monorail 2004 7 6.3 km (3.9 mi) Urban Straddle-beam Bombardier M-VI
Incheon  South Korea Incheon Airport Maglev 2016 6 6.1 km (3.8 mi) Urban Maglev
Wolmido  South Korea Wolmi Sea Train 2019 4 6.1 km (3.8 mi) People mover (tourist-type) Straddle three-line rail (originally Inverted T "Urbanaut")
Gold Coast, Queensland  Australia Sea World Monorail System 1986 3 5.6 km (3.5 mi) Amusement park Straddle steel box beam Von Roll/Adtranz
Dubai  UAE Palm Jumeirah Monorail 2009 2 5.45 km (3.39 mi) Urban Straddle-beam Hitachi Medium
Ashgabat  Turkmenistan Ashgabat Monorail 2016[4] 3 5.2 km (3.2 mi) People mover Straddle steel box beam Intamin
Bologna  Italy Marconi Express Monorail 2020 3 5.1 km (3.2 mi) People mover Straddle steel box beam Intamin
Urayasu  Japan Disney Resort Line 2001 4 5 km (3.1 mi) Amusement park Straddle-beam Hitachi Medium
Newark, New Jersey  US AirTrain Newark 1996 8 4.8 km (3.0 mi) Airport Straddle steel box beam Von Roll/Adtranz
Moscow  Russia Moscow Monorail 2004 6 4.7 km (2.9 mi) Urban Straddle steel box beam Intamin
Anaheim, California  US Disneyland Monorail System 1959 2 4 km (2.5 mi) Amusement park Straddle-beam Disneyland-ALWEG
Jacksonville, Florida  US Jacksonville Skyway 1989 8 4 km (2.5 mi) Urban Straddle-beam
Dortmund  Germany H-Bahn Monorail 1984 4 3.16 km (1.96 mi) People mover Suspended SIEPEM
Düsseldorf  Germany Düsseldorf SkyTrain Düsseldorf Airport 2002 4 2.5 km (1.6 mi) Airport Suspended SIEPEM
Rust  Germany "E.P. Express" Europa-Park 1995 4 2.5 km (1.6 mi) Amusement park Straddle steel box beam Von Roll/Adtranz
Singapore  Singapore Sentosa Express 2007 4 2.1 km (1.3 mi) Urban Straddle-beam Hitachi Small
Seattle, Washington  US Seattle Center Monorail 1962 2 1.54 km (0.96 mi) Urban Straddle-beam ALWEG Large
Alton Towers  UK Alton Towers Monorail 1987 2 1.4 km (0.87 mi) Amusement park Straddle steel box beam Von Roll/Adtranz
Aki-ku, Hiroshima  Japan Skyrail Midorizaka Line 1998 3 1.3 km (0.81 mi) People mover Suspended I-Beam
Calabar  Nigeria Calabar Monorail 2016 3[5] 1.1 km (0.68 mi) People mover Straddle steel box beam Intamin
Zaragoza  Spain Plaza Imperial Monorail[6] 2008 2 0.6 km (0.37 mi) People mover Straddle steel box beam Von Roll/Adtranz
Memphis, Tennessee  US Memphis Suspension Railway Monorail 1982 2 0.5 km (0.31 mi) Other Suspended Von Roll
Aiea, Hawaii  US Pearlridge Skycab 1977 2 0.3 km (0.19 mi)[7] People mover Straddle Inverted T
Dresden  Germany Dresden Suspension Railway 1901 2 0.27 km (0.17 mi) People mover Suspended Double-flanged

Operational monorails - sightseeing, amusement park rides, zoo monorails[edit]

Systems characterised by one station and/or open cabins and that are not primarily for point-to-point transportation. Ordered by country (click headings to re-sort).

Location Country Name Opened Stations Length Type
Lichtaart  Belgium Bobbejaanland Monorail[8] 1961 3 1.85 km (1.15 mi) Amusement park
Rio Grande do Sul  Brazil Aldeia do Papai Noel Monorail[9] 2009 2 Amusement Park
Montreal  Canada La Ronde (amusement park) Minirail 1967 2 2.1 km (1.3 mi) Amusement park
Granby  Canada Granby Zoo monorail 1980 1 2.1 km (1.3 mi) Zoo
Vaughan  Canada Treetop Adventure, Canada's Wonderland 1998 1 Other
Shenzhen  China Window of the World Monorail 1993 3 1.7 km (1.1 mi) Amusement park
Shenzhen  China Happy Line 1998 7 3.88 km (2.41 mi) Other
Liupanshui  China Yeyuhai Monorail 2019 2 5.5 km (3.4 mi)[10] Other
Ningbo  China Romon U-Park monorail 2015[11] 2[12] 1.1 km (0.68 mi)[13] Amusement Park
Hunan  China Zhangjiajie National Park monorail[14][15] 2 Other
Xi'an  China Xi'an Qujiang Sightseeing Monorail 2015 11 9.6 km (6.0 mi) Other
Xishui  China Xishui Forest Train 2020 5 11.5 km (7.1 mi)[16] Other
Shanghai  China "Ocean Shinkansen" (海洋新干线), Happy Valley Shanghai 1 Amusement park
Shanghai  China Jinjiang Action Park (two rides) 1 (x two) Amusement park
Hainan[where?]  China "Flying to the Sea", Hainan Ocean Paradise[17] 2020 3 1.5 km (0.93 mi) Amusement park
Fenggang  PRC [18] 2 km (1.2 mi) Other
Billund  Denmark Legoland Billund monorail 1 Amusement park
Helsinki  Finland Linnanmäki Monorail (Maisemajuna) 1979 1 0.5 km (0.31 mi) Amusement park
Rang-du-Fliers  France Parc Bagatelle Monorail 1983 1 Amusement park
Sélestat  France Walygator Parc monorail[19] 1989 1 Amusement park
Dubai  UAE Adventure Time - The Ride of OOO, IMG Worlds of Adventure 2016 1 Amusement park
Saint-Pourçain-sur-Besbre  France Voyage over the World, Le Pal 1996 1 Amusement park
Dolancourt  France Dragons Volants, Nigloland 1996 1 Amusement park
Plailly  France Espions de César, Parc Astérix 1998 1 Amusement park
Les Avenières  France Monorail, Walibi Rhône-Alpes 2017 1[20] Amusement park
Dennebroeucq  France Xotic, Dennlys Parc 2020 1 Amusement park
Lower Saxony  Germany "Einschienenbahn", Rasti-Land 1978 1 Amusement park
Soltau  Germany Heide Park 1985 1 1.6 km (0.99 mi) Amusement park
Rust  Germany monorail, Europa-Park 1990 2 Amusement park
Heroldsbach  Germany "Suspension Railway", Thurn Castle Adventure Park 1[21] Amusement park
Brühl  Germany Würmling Express, Phantasialand 2010 1 Amusement park
Rust  Germany Volo da Vinci, Europa-Park 2011 1 Amusement park
Indramayu Regency  Indonesia Indramayu Monorail 2018 1 Amusement park
Listowel  Ireland Lartigue Monorail, (Lartigue restoration) 2003 1 1 km (0.62 mi) Other
Ravenna  Italy Mirabilandia Monorail 1992 1 1.5 km (0.93 mi) Amusement park
Lazise  Italy Panorama Tram, Movieland park 2006 1 Amusement park
Iya Valley  Japan Oku Iya Valley Tourist Monorail 2006 1 4.6 km (2.9 mi)[22] Other
Malacca City, Malacca  Malaysia Melaka Monorail 2010 1 (2 closed) 2.5 km (1.6 mi) Other
The Hague  Netherlands Drievliet Amusement Park Monorail 1968[23] 1 0.2 km (0.12 mi) Amusement park
Hellendoorn  Netherlands Hellendoorn Amusement Park 1977 1 Amusement park
Rhenen  Netherlands Ouwehands Zoo 1978[24] 1 Zoo
Kaatsheuvel  Netherlands The People of Laaf Monorail 1990 1 0.45 km (0.28 mi) Amusement park
Hardenberg  Netherlands Slagharen Amusement Park 1978 1 Amusement park
Zator  Poland Dragon Adventure, Energylandia 2019 1 Amusement Park
Zator  Poland Magic Flying, Energylandia 2017 1 Amusement Park
Zator  Poland Planes, Energylandia 2014 1 Amusement Park
St Petersberg  Russia Around the World, Divo Ostro 2016 1 Amusement Park
Yalta  Russia/ Ukraine Dandelion Drift, Dreamwood 2018 1 Amusement Park
Salou & Vila-seca  Spain Coco Piloto, Port Aventura 2011 1 Amusement Park
Seville  Spain Zum-Zum: Las Abejitas, Isla Mágica 2012 1 Amusement Park
Johannesburg  South Africa Johannesburg Exhibition Centre monorail[25] 2010 1 Other
Daejon  South Korea National Science Museum Maglev Train 1993 1[26] 1 km (0.62 mi)[27] Other
Mudeungsan  South Korea Mudeungsan Monorail[28] 2 Other
Guanxi  Taiwan Flying Horse, Leofoo Village Theme Park 1 Amusement park
Dashu District, Kaohsiung  Taiwan E-DA Theme Park Monorail 2010[29] 2 Amusement park
Beaulieu, Hampshire  UK National Motor Museum Monorail 1974 2 1.6 km (0.99 mi) Amusement park
Flamingo Land  UK Flamingo Land Zoo Monorail[30] 1984 1 Zoo
Great Yarmouth Pleasure Beach  UK Great Yarmouth Pleasure Beach Monorail 1987[31] 1 Amusement park
Flamingo Land  UK Flamingo Land People Moover[32] 1990 2 Amusement park
Ingoldmells  UK Toucan Tours, Fantasy Island 1995 1 Amusement park
Windsor, Berkshire  UK Sky Rider, Legoland Windsor Resort 1996 1 Amusement park
Staffordshire  UK Get Set Go Tree Top Adventure, Alton Towers 1996 1 Amusement park
Romsey  UK Queen's Flying Coach, Paultons Park 2018 1 Amusement park
Fazeley  UK Winston's Whistle Stop Tour, Drayton Manor Theme Park 2013 1 Amusement park
Lancaster, Pennsylvania  US Dutch Wonderland[33] 1966 1 Amusement park
Ocean City, New Jersey  US Gillians Wonderland Pier MonoRail[34] 1965 1 Amusement park
Sacramento, California  US Cal Expo Monorail 1968 1 Amusement park
Hershey, Pennsylvania  US Hersheypark Monorail 1969[35] 1 Amusement park
New York, New York  US "Wild Asia Monorail" Bronx Zoo 1977 1 2.6 km (1.6 mi) Zoo
Miami, Florida  US Zoo Miami Monorail 1984 4 5 km (3.1 mi) Zoo
Dallas, Texas  US Dallas Zoo Monorail 1990 1 Zoo
Marshall, Wisconsin  US Little Amerricka monorail 1990s[36] 1 Amusement park
Wildwood, New Jersey  US Flying Galleons, Morey's Piers 1997 1 Other
Gilroy, California  US "Sky Trail Monorail", Gilroy Gardens 2001[37] 1 Amusement park
Jefferson, New Hampshire  US The Skyway Sleigh, Santa's Village 1 Amusement park
Fairfield, Ohio  US Jungle Jim's International Market Monorail 2014[38] 2 0.55 km (0.34 mi) Other
Amarillo  US Sky Rider, Wonderland Park (Texas) 1 ~800 ft (240 m)[39] Amusement park
Allentown, Pennsylvania  US Snoopy's Rocket Express, Dorney Park 2011 1 Amusement park
Kansas City, Missouri  US Snoopy's Rocket Express, Worlds of Fun 2011 1 Amusement park
Shakopee  US Snoopy's Rocket Express, Valleyfair 2011 1 Amusement park
Doswell  US Snoopy's Rocket Express Kings Dominion 2013 1 Amusement park
Da Nang  Vietnam "Sun World Monorail", Asia Park 2016[40] 1 1.8 km (1.1 mi) Amusement Park
Ho Chi Minh City  Vietnam Đầm Sen Park monorail 1 2 km (1.2 mi) Amusement Park

Von Roll monorail at Alton Towers, UK, originally built for Expo 86 in Canada
CRT Line 2, Dongwuyuan station in Chongqing, China

Under construction[edit]

Physical construction work has started on the following monorails (sorted by opening dates):

Africa[edit]

Country City Name of system Opening References
Egypt Egypt Cairo Cairo Monorail Line 1 opens 2022 [41]
Egypt Egypt Cairo Cairo Monorail Line 2 opens 2023 [41]

Americas[edit]

Country City Name of system Opening
Brazil Brazil São Paulo Line 17 2022
Brazil Brazil Bahia SkyRail Bahia 2022
Panama Panama Panama City, Panama Line 3, Panama Metro 2025[42]

Asia[edit]

Country City/Region Name of systems Opening references
Thailand Thailand Bangkok Yellow Line Mid 2022
Thailand Thailand Bangkok Pink Line 2022-2023 (in stages) [43]
China China Qingyuan Qingyuan Maglev 2021
China China Fenghuang Fenghuang Maglev 2021
China China Enshi City Enshi Sightseeing Railway 2021 [44][45]
China China Liuzhou Dayi Air-Rail-project 2021 [46][47]
China China Liuzhou Liuzhou Metro 2022
China China Bengbu Bengbu Metro 2023
China China Guilin Guilin Metro 2025
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia Riyadh KAFD monorail unknown [48]
China China Hancheng Hancheng to airport unknown (construction began November 2016) [49][50]
China China Shandong Qufu to Zoucheng construction halted 2018, 50% complete [51][52]
China China Guang'an Guang'an Metro unknown, was scheduled for 2020 [53][54]
Iran Iran Qom Qom Metro Line M unknown (construction halted 2016) [55]

Proposed monorails[edit]

Maglev proposals can be found on the list of maglev train proposals.

Americas[edit]

United States[edit]

Panama[edit]

  • Panama Metro Line 9, Panama. Announced in 2016 as part of master plan. In 2018 it was reported the line will be built.[61]

Asia[edit]

China[edit]

  • Zunyi rapid transit system. Approved in 2019. Two lines with 19 stations (22.86 km (14.20 mi)) and 19 stations (27 km (17 mi))

India[edit]

Philippines[edit]

Thailand[edit]

Vietnam[edit]

  • Ho Chi Minh City Metro Two lines are included in the 2007 and 2013 master plans for the city, with route lengths of 27.2 km (16.9 mi) and 16.2 km (10.1 mi), respectively.

Europe[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Denmark[edit]

  • MCH Skybus, Herning. Proposed in 2010 as part of MCH's 2025 vision, a monorail system would run between the exhibition centre and the town centre.[73]

Poland[edit]

  • Rzeszów. 2010 proposal for system of 7 km (4.3 mi).[74] As of 2020 there are still suggestions a monorail may be built.[75]
  • Katowice and Sosnowiec to Pyrzowice Airport. In August 2020 it was reported an 18-month study had commenced. The project was opposed as being too expensive.[76]

Ukraine[edit]

The Netherlands[edit]

Oceania[edit]

Decommissioned[edit]

Americas[edit]

Brazil[edit]

Canada[edit]

United States[edit]

Asia[edit]

Hong Kong[edit]

India[edit]

Japan[edit]

Malaysia[edit]

Singapore[edit]

Thailand[edit]

  • Fashion Island Monorail, Bangkok, Thailand. Short indoor amusement park monorail in Fashion Island shopping center. Decommissioned due to an accident that killed 2 riders.
  • Tuk-Tuk Monorail, Bangkok. Half indoor-outdoor monorail tour operated between LeoLand amusement park and the water park. The track survives in the 6th floor of Central City Bang Na.
  • Chiang Mai Zoo monorail. The 2 kilometres (1.2 mi) opened in 2005 and ceased operations in 2014.[100]

Europe[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

Monorail built in Gatchina, Russia (1900)
  • Liverpool to Manchester Bher monorail, circa 1900[101][102]
  • Blackpool Pleasure Beach (relocated from 1964 Lausanne fair in Switzerland, closed in 2012)[103][104]
  • Milngavie, near Glasgow, had an experimental high-speed propeller-powered monorail, the Bennie Railplane, built during 1929-30 and abandoned during the Great Depression.
  • Butlins Skegness Camp, Skegness, United Kingdom (1964–2003) — the first commercial monorail in the UK. Closed at the end of the 2002 season after the track was deemed to be structurally unsafe due to deterioration in the support foundations on the ground. It was then dismantled and removed in March 2003.
  • Butlins Minehead Camp, Minehead, United Kingdom (1967 - 1996) Closed in the summer of 1996 following an accident when one train ran into the back of another due to the track signals being disconnected and ran by an inexperienced monorail controller, who was at the time, 20 years old and on the first day of his job. The crash caused minor injuries to seven people, and in March 1997, Butlins were fined £22,500 for poor safety standards. After the accident, because the monorail system was deemed too expensive to upgrade, the monorail remained standing but not operating until the winter of 1998, when it was finally torn down to make way for the Skyline Pavilion.
  • Birmingham Airport had a magnetic levitation train which had to be closed down because it became life-expired and lacked spare parts. It was replaced by the cable-propelled Air-Rail Link.
  • Lartigue Monorail in Ireland (and France). A restored 1-kilometre (0.62 mi) section now operates in Listowel.
  • Safari Skyway, Chessington, United Kingdom (1986–2015). Operated in Chessington World of Adventures.
  • Merry Hill Shopping Centre, Brierley Hill, West Midlands had a Von Roll Mk III Series monorail which opened in June 1991 but only worked for a short while before finally being sold off in 1996. The rolling stock then operated in Broadbeach, Queensland, Australia. Reasons for the closure of this system include a combination of technical problems and safety concerns (especially the difficulty of evacuation), exacerbated by a dispute between the owners of Merry Hill and The Waterfront which at this time were owned separately.
  • Chester Zoo monorail 1.4 km (0.9 mi), operational 1991 to 2019.[105]

Continental Europe[edit]

Oceania[edit]

  • Sydney Monorail (also known as Metro Monorail), Sydney, Australia (closed on 30 June 2013)[106]
  • Brisbane, Queensland had a Von Roll Type II monorail built for World Expo '88. Four sets, consisting of nine carriages each, operated in a continuous loop throughout the Expo site. A single train set and some track was sold to Sea World, Gold Coast, in 1989 for expansion of its monorail system. The remainder of the sets and track were bought back by Von Roll.
  • Oasis Shopping Centre, Broadbeach, Queensland ran between the shopping centre and Conrad Jupiters Casino. The Von Roll Mark III monorail, owned by the Oasis Shopping Centre, consisted of two 4-carriage trains. Two spare carriages that were removed when the system switched from 5-carriage to 4-carriage trains were also kept with the two trains. Most components were original to the Oasis Monorail, but some were sourced from the UK Merry Hill Shopping Centre's former monorail that closed in 1993. As of July, 2017, most of the monorail system has been removed (closed on 29 January 2017).[107]

Cancelled or lapsed proposals[edit]

Americas[edit]

South America[edit]

Canada[edit]

  • Wasaga Beach, Ontario, Canada. A 2007 proposal for a 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) monorail to connect the beach front to a carpark. Plans were abandoned after a fire at the end of 2007.

United States[edit]

Central America and the Caribbean[edit]

Asia[edit]

Bangladesh[edit]

Hong Kong[edit]

India[edit]

Iran[edit]

Indonesia[edit]

  • Jakarta Monorail, Jakarta Construction started but project cancelled in 2015 by the Governor of Jakarta in favour of the Jabodebek LRT.

Malaysia[edit]

  • Putrajaya Monorail, Construction halted since 2004. In 2020 the government announced it had open a request for proposals process to complete the project.[124]

Sri Lanka[edit]

Turkey[edit]

Europe[edit]

Africa[edit]

  • Aba, Nigeria. A 2012 proposed. The plan was criticised as potentially a scam since the private company had no experience in developing monorails.[129] The same private firm was to develop the Onitsha monorail (see below). As of 2021 there is no information that the proposal progressed passed the signing of a memorandum of understanding.
  • Lagos, Nigeria. Proposed in 2008.[130] The Red line on the Lagos Rail Mass Transit was built as a railway instead
  • Onitsha, Nigeria. A 2011 proposal with the first stage of producing a feasibility study.[131][132] As of 2021 no further developments appear to have occurred.
  • Rivers Monorail in Port Harcourt, Nigeria. Construction abandoned[133]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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