List of most common surnames in Asia
This is a list of the most common surnames in Asia, in alphabetical order of the country.
|1||Հովհաննիսյան||Hovhannisyan||Son of Hovhannes (John)|
|2||Հարությունյան||Harutyunyan||Son of Harutyun ("resurrection")|
|3||Սարգսյան||Sargsyan||Son of Sargis|
|4||Խաչատրյան||Khachatryan||Son of Khachatur ("given by cross")|
|5||Գրիգորյան||Grigoryan||Son of Grigor (Gregory)|
|1||Məmmədov||Mammadov||"Son of Mammad"|
|2||Əliyev||Aliyev||"Son of Ali"|
|3||Həsənov||Hasanov||"Son of Hasan"|
|4||Hüseynov||Huseynov||"Son of Hussein"|
|5||Quliyev||Guliyev||"Son of Qulu"|
|6||Hacıyev||Hajiev||"Son of Haji"|
|7||Rəsulov||Rasulov||"Son of Rasoul"|
|8||Süleymanov||Suleymanov||"Son of Suleyman"|
|9||Musayev||Musayev||"Son of Musa"|
|10||Abbasov||Abbasov||"Son of Abbas"|
|11||Babayev||Babayev||"Son of Baba"|
|12||Vəliyev||Valiyev||"Son of Vali"|
|14||İsmayılov||Ismayilov||"Son of Ismayil"|
|15||Ibrahimov||Ibrahimov||"Son of Ibrahim"|
According to a comprehensive survey of residential permits released by the Chinese Ministry of Public Security on April 24, 2007, the top three surnames in China have a combined population larger than Indonesia, the world's fourth-most-populous country. The top 10 surnames each have a population greater than 20 million; the top 22 have populations of more than 10 million. The top 100 surnames cover 84.77% of China's population.
The press release from the Ministry of Public Security only provided detailed numbers for the top three surnames. Information about the others from 2006 comes from a multi-year study by Yuan Yida of the Chinese Academy of Sciences's Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, which purportedly used a sample size of 296 million spread across 1,110 counties and cities.
Indian surnames usually derive from occupational titles or caste distinctions and tend to vary among the wide variety of ethnic groups and cultural regions of India. For example, many common family names in the Dravidian states are rare, or nonexistent, in Northern or Eastern India, and vice verse. Indian family names also originate from the language spoken in the state or community and depend on the religious affiliation of the family. Hindu family names usually come from Sanskrit, Pali or Tamil and may contain the name or title of a family deity, whereas Muslim last names are usually derived from Arabic, Turkish, or Persian. Family names may also indicate lower or upper caste origin of the family as many surnames are exclusive only to certain social groups.
Most Indonesians do not use family last name. There is only a small number of ethnic groups which maintain family names. For more information, see Indonesian Names
Officially, there are 291,129 different Japanese surnames, as determined by their kanji, although many of these are spelled and romanized similarly. The top 10 surnames cover approximately 10% of the population, while the top 100 cover slightly more than 33%.
This ranking is a result of "The National Same Family Name Investigation" by Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company. This investigation intended for approximately 6,118,000 people who joined life insurance of Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company.
- Del Rosario
- Dela Cruz
- De León
The majority of Filipinos use Spanish surnames that were given to them by their Spanish rulers (See Alphabetical Catalog of Surnames). However, many Filipinos still use their native surnames such as Kalaw, Macaraeg, Gatdula and many others. Filipino Chinese often use their Chinese family names. Some other Filipino mestizos (mixed-ancestry) bear the foreign names of their bloodline.
According to a comprehensive survey of residential permits released by the Taiwanese Ministry of the Interior's Department of Population in February, 2005, Taiwan has only 1,989 surnames. The top ten surnames in Taiwan accounted for 52.62% of the general population, and the top 100 accounted for 96.11%.
There are no common Thai surnames. Surnames were largely introduced to Thai culture only by the 1913 Surname Act. The law does not allow one to create any surname that is duplicated with any existing surnames. Under Thai law, only one family can create any given surname: any two people of the same surname must be related, and it is very rare for two people to share the same full name. In one sample of 45,665 names, 81% of family names were unique.
The top 10 surnames cover more than 80% of the population.
- Nguyễn 阮 (38%)
- Trần 陳 (11%)
- Lê 黎 (9.5%)
- Phạm 范 (7.1%)
- Huỳnh/Hoàng 黃 (5.1%)
- Phan 潘 (4.5%)
- Vũ/Võ 武 (3.9%)
- Đặng 鄧(2.1%)
- Bùi 裴 (2%)
- Đỗ 杜 (1.4%)
- Hồ 胡 (1.3%)
- Ngô 吳 (1.3%)
- Dương 楊 (1%)
- Lý 李 (0.5%)
Source: Lê Trung Hoa, Họ Và Tên Người Việt Nam (Vietnamese Family and Personal Names), Social Sciences Publishing House (2005)
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- Surnames of India at Forebears
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- Gotthard Deutsch. Jewish Encyclopedia. "Katz". 1906. Accessed 1 Feb 2012.
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- South Korean National Statistical Office. 2000 Census.
- National Statistics Office
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- 45,665 Thai names: Examining passlist.96, by Doug Cooper
- Turkish Directorate-General of Population and Citizenships
23. "Top 100 Indian Surnames & Symbols by Lowchensaustralia.com." Top 100 Indian Surnames & Symbols by L