List of most common surnames in Asia

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This is a list of the most common surnames in Asia, in alphabetical order of the country.

Armenia[edit]

Rank Name Romanization Meaning
1 Հովհաննիսյան Hovhannisyan Son of Hovhannes (John)
2 Հարությունյան Harutyunyan Son of Harutyun ("resurrection")
3 Սարգսյան Sargsyan Son of Sargis
4 Խաչատրյան Khachatryan Son of Khachatur ("given by cross")
5 Գրիգորյան Grigoryan Son of Grigor (Gregory)

Azerbaijan[edit]

Rank[1] Name Romanization Meaning
1 Məmmədov Mammadov "Son of Mammad"
2 Əliyev Aliyev "Son of Ali"
3 Həsənov Hasanov "Son of Hasan"
4 Hüseynov Huseynov "Son of Hussein"
5 Quliyev Guliyev "Son of Qulu"
6 Hacıyev Hajiev "Son of Haji"
7 Rəsulov Rasulov "Son of Rasoul"
8 Süleymanov Suleymanov "Son of Suleyman"
9 Musayev Musayev "Son of Musa"
10 Abbasov Abbasov "Son of Abbas"
11 Babayev Babayev "Son of Baba"
12 Vəliyev Valiyev "Son of Vali"
13 Orucov Orujov "fasting"[citation needed]
14 İsmayılov Ismayilov "Son of Ismayil"
15 Ibrahimov Ibrahimov "Son of Ibrahim"

Bangladesh[edit]

[citation needed]

Cambodia[edit]

Cambodian names are borrowed from Chinese, Sanskrit, Vietnamese words.

China[edit]

According to a comprehensive survey of residential permits released by the Chinese Ministry of Public Security on April 24, 2007,[2][3][4] the top three surnames in China have a combined population larger than Indonesia,[5][improper synthesis?] the world's fourth-most-populous country. The top 10 surnames each have a population greater than 20 million; the top 22 have populations of more than 10 million. The top 100 surnames cover 84.77% of China's population.

The press release from the Ministry of Public Security only provided detailed numbers for the top three surnames. Information about the others from 2006 comes from a multi-year study by Yuan Yida of the Chinese Academy of Sciences's Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, which purportedly used a sample size of 296 million spread across 1,110 counties and cities.[6]

Rank Name Romanization Total Number
(2007)
Frequency
(2007)
Estimated Number
(2006)
Simp. Trad.
1 Wáng [a]/Wong 92,881,000 7.25% 92,550,000
2 [b]/Lee 92,074,000 7.19% 91,020,000
3 Zhāng [c]/Cheung 87,502,000 6.83% 86,690,000
4 Liú [d]/Lau >20,000,000 65,280,000
5 Chén /Chan 56,640,000
6 Yáng [e] /Yeung 41,680,000
7 Huáng/Wong 29,410,000
8 Zhào/Chiu 26,180,000
9 [f]/Ng 25,020,000
10 Zhōu/Chow 24,330,000
11 [g] /Tsui >10,000,000 18,550,000
12 Sūn/Suen 17,940,000
13 /Ma 16,890,000
14 Zhū/Chu 16,460,000
15 /Woo 14,970,000
16 Guō/Kwok 14,260,000
17 /Ho 13,340,000
18 Gāo/Ko 12,900,000
19 Lín/Lam 12,500,000
20 Luó/Law 12,400,000

Georgia[edit]

Rank Name Romanization Total Number[7]
(2010)
1 ბერიძე Beridze 24,962
2 მამედოვი Mammadov
Mamedovi
23,675
3 კაპანაძე Kapanadze 17,202
4 გელაშვილი Gelashvili 16,350
5 ალიევი Aliyev
Alievi
15,742
6 მაისურაძე Maisuradze 14,824
7 გიორგაძე Giorgadze 12,954
8 ლომიძე Lomidze 11,796
9 წიკლაური Tsiklauri 11,571
10 ბოლქვაძე Bolkvadze 10,916
11 კვარაცხელია Kvaratskhelia 10,447
12 ნოზაძე Nozadze 10,183
13 ხუციშვილი Khutsishvili 10,075
14 შენგელია Shengelia 9,928
15 აბულაძე Abuladze 9,663
16 მიქელაძე Mikeladze 9,220
17 ტაბატაძე Tabatadze 8,654
18 მჭედლიშვილი Mchedlishvili 8,446
19 ბაირამოვი Bairamov
Bairamovi
8,373
20 გოგოლაძე Gogoladze 8,362

India[edit]

Indian surnames usually derive from occupational titles or caste distinctions and tend to vary among the wide variety of ethnic groups and cultural regions of India. For example, many common family names in the Dravidian states are rare, or nonexistent, in eastern or northern India, and vice versa. Indian family names also originate from the language spoken in the state or community and depend on the religious affiliation of the family. Hindu family names usually come from Pali, Sanskrit, or Tamil and may contain the name or title of a family deity, whereas Muslim last names are usually derived from Arabic, Persian or Turkish. Family names may also indicate lower or upper caste origin of the family as many surnames are exclusive only to certain social groups.

Rank Name Total Number
(2014)
1 Singh [h] 36,058,956
2 Kumar [i] 31,014,317
3 Das 10,485,481
4 Kaur 10,382,053
5 Mandal 8,451,262
6 Ram 7,412,410
7 Yadav 7,061,034
8 Kumari 6,280,211
9 Ali 5,796,792
10 Lal 5,751,667
11 Bibi 5,669,410
12 Khatun 5,510,718
13 Bai 5,401,652
14 Sharma 4,887,182
15 Shah 4,887,182
16 Khan 4,442,333
17 Patel 3,957,109
18 Patil 3,776,738
19 Rajput 3,771,896

Indonesia[edit]

Most Indonesians do not use a family last name. There is only a small number of ethnic groups which maintain family names.

Israel[edit]

Japan[edit]

Officially, there are 291,129 different Japanese surnames,[12] as determined by their kanji, although many of these are spelled and romanized similarly. The top 10 surnames cover approximately 10% of the population, while the top 100 cover slightly more than 33%.[13]

This ranking is a result of "The National Same Family Name Investigation" by Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company.[13] This investigation included approximately 6,118,000 customers of Meiji Yasuda's insurance and annuities, as of August 2008.

Korea[edit]

Nepal[edit]

Surnames in Nepal are divided into three origins; Indo-Aryan languages, Tibeto-Burman languages and indigenous origins. Indo-Aryan surnames dominates over other language origin surnames.

Rank

(2014)

Name Character in Devanagari/native script IAST Meaning Incidence(2014) Frequency

(2014)

Ethnic Group
1 Shrestha Śrēṣṭha Excellent[15] 2,195,182 1:12 Newar
2 Thapa थापा Thāpā Warrior[16] 803,119 1:33 Chhetri, Magar
3 Adhikari अधिकारी Adhikārī Officer[17] 569,179 1:47 Bahun, Chhetri
4 Maharjan 564,392 1:47 Newar
5 Gurung 500,309 1:53 Gurung
6 Karki कार्की Kārkī Revenue Officer[18] 413,836 1:64 Chhetri
7 Ghimire घिमिरे Residents of Ghamirau village[citation needed] 354,077 1:75 Bahun, Chhetri
8 Rai Rāī King[citation needed] 347,746 1:76 Kirant Rai
9 Lama བླ་མ Lāmā High Priest[19] 338,017 1:78 Tamang, Sherpa
10 Acharya आचार्य Ācārya Teacher[20] 333,076 1:80 Bahun
11 Shakya Śākya One who is capable[21] 326,127 1:81 Newar
12 Khadka खड्का Sword bearer[citation needed] 322,421 1:82 Chhetri
13 Bhattarai भट्टराई Bhaṭṭarāī 306,980 1:86 Bahun, Chhetri
14 Bhandari भण्डारी Bhaṇḍārī Treasurer[22] 303,428 1:87 Chhetri, Bahun
15 Subedi सुवेदी Bahun,Chhetri

Philippines[edit]

The majority of Filipinos use Spanish surnames that were given to them by their Spanish rulers (See Catálogo alfabético de apellidos).[citation needed] Chinese surnames, especially Hokkien surnames, either monosyllabic (e.g. Tan, Lim) or multisyllabic (e.g. Dizon), are also prevalent.[citation needed] Many Filipinos also bear surnames from Philippine languages, usually Tagalog, Kapampangan, Ilocano, and Cebuano.

The list below is from 2016 data by the Philippine Statistics Authority based on a sample of recorded births. [23]

  1. Santos
  2. Reyes
  3. Cruz
  4. Bautista
  5. Del Rosario
  6. Gonzales
  7. Ramos
  8. Aquino
  9. Garcia
  10. Lopez
  11. Dela Cruz
  12. Fernandez
  13. Mendoza
  14. Morales
  15. Marquez
  16. Hernandez
  17. Navarro
  18. Sanchez
  19. Delos Reyes
  20. Delos Santos

Sri Lanka[edit]

Many low country Sinhalese have Portuguese surnames as a result of Portuguese colonial rule in that areas during the 16th and 17th centuries. Of Sinhalese own surnames, they have Sanskrit origination. Tamils and Sri Lankan Moors have distinctive surnames for their own ethnicity.

Rank

(2014)

Name Total Number

(2014)

Language of origin and meaning
1 Perera 862,080 Portuguese
2 Fernando 520,965 Portuguese
3 de Silva 299,772 Portuguese
4 Bandara 227,388 Sinhalese
5 Kumara 201,695 Sinhalese
6 Dissanayake 172,612 Sinhalese
7 Mohamed 154,874 Arabic, of Sri Lankan Moor
8 Gamage 149,527 Sinhalese
9 Liyanage 143,854 Sinhalese
10 Jayasinghe 142,224 Sinhalese
11 Ranasinghe 139,680 Sinhalese
12 Herath 123,182 Sinhalese
13 Weerasinghe 122,008 Sinhalese
14 Peiris 115,944 Portuguese
15 Rathnayake 102,902 Sinhalese
16 Wickramasinghe 96,968 Sinhalese
17 Wijesinghe 94,816 Sinhalese
18 Hettiarachchi 87,512 Sinhalese
19 Nanayakkara 78,057 Sinhalese
20 Ahamed 74,601 Arabic, of Sri Lankan Moor
21 Rajapaksha 71,144 Sinhalese
22 Mendis 70,623 Portuguese
23 Pathirana 70,297 Sinhalese
24 Ekanayake 69,840 Sinhalese
25 Gunasekara 69,384 Sinhalese
26 Dias 67,623 Portuguese
27 Sampath 67,232 Sinhalese
28 Amarasinghe 64,949 Sinhalese
29 Ratnayake 59,863 Sinhalese
30 Chathuranga 58,754 Sinhalese
31 Senanayake 55,037 Sinhalese
32 Samarasinghe 54,320 Sinhalese
33 Lakmal 53,733 Sinhalese
34 Munasinghe 52,755 Sinhalese
35 Rodrigo 51,777 Portuguese
36 Seneviratne 51,581 Sinhalese
37 Rathnayaka 49,886 Sinhalese
38 Edirisinghe 48,516 Sinhalese
39 Jayawardena 48,386 Sinhalese
40 Fonseka 47,995 Portuguese
41 Sanjeewa 47,147 Sinhalese
42 Gunawardana 46,625 Sinhalese
43 Gunawardena 45,386 Sinhalese
44 Karunaratne 44,930 Sinhalese
45 Jayaweera 43,495 Sinhalese
46 Jayasekara 43,365 Sinhalese
47 Ranaweera 42,387 Sinhalese
48 Jayawardana 40,822 Sinhalese
49 Jayasuriya 40,561 Sinhalese
50 Madusanka 40,300 Sinhalese

Taiwan[edit]

According to a comprehensive survey of residential permits released by the Taiwanese Ministry of the Interior's Department of Population in 2016, Taiwan has only 1,503 surnames.[24] The top ten surnames in Taiwan accounted for 52.77% of the general population, and the top 100 accounted for 96.56%.

Rank Character Romanizations %
of total
pop.
2016 Mainland
(2007)
Mandarin Cantonese Minnan Other
Trad. Simp. Pinyin Wade Jyutping HK Other POJ Other
1 5 Chén Ch'en2 Can4 Chan Chun Tân Ting 11.14%
2 19 Lín Lin2 Lam4 Lam Lum Lîm Lim, Liem 8.31%
3 7 Huáng Huang2 Wong4 Wong Wang
Vang
Ng Eng, Ung
Wee, Oei
Ooi, Uy
Bong
6.05%
4 3 Zhāng Chang1 Zoeng1 Cheung Chong5
Cheong4
Tiu Teo, Teoh
Tio, Thio
Tiew
Tiong 5.27%
5 2 Li3 Lei5 Lee
Li
Le
Lei4
Lee
Lie
Dee
5.13%
6 1 Wáng Wang2 Wong4 Wong Vong Ông Heng 4.11%
7 9 Wu2 Ng4 Ng Ung4, Eng Gô•
Ngô•
Goh, Gouw Woo 4.04%
8 4 Liú Liu2 Lau4 Lau Lao4
Lou
Lâu Low
Lao, Lauw
3.16%
9 40 Cài Ts'ai4 Coi3 Choi Choy
Tsoi
Toy
Chhoà Chua, Choa
Tjoa
Tsay
Chai
2.91%
10 6 Yáng Yang2 Joeng4 Yeung Yeong
Ieong4
Eaw
Yeo, Yeoh
Yong
Joe, Yo
Young 2.66%

Thailand[edit]

There are no common Thai surnames. Surnames were largely introduced to Thai culture only by the 1913 Surname Act.[25] The law does not allow one to create any surname that is duplicated with any existing surnames.[26] Under Thai law, only one family can create any given surname: any two people of the same surname must be related, and it is very rare for two people to share the same full name. In one sample of 45,665 names, 81% of family names were unique.[27]

Turkey[edit]

Rank[28] Name Meaning
1 Yılmaz intrepid/dauntless
2 Kaya rock
3 Demir iron
4 Şahin falcon/hawk
5 Çelik steel
6 Yıldız star
7 Yıldırım thunderbolt
8 Öztürk pure Turk
9 Aydın cultured/enlightened
10 Özdemir pure iron
11 Arslan lion
12 Doğan falcon
13 Kılıç sword
14 Aslan lion
15 Çetin stiff/tough
16 Kara black
17 Koç ram
18 Kurt wolf
19 Özkan pure blood
20 Şimşek lightning

Vietnam[edit]

Rank[29] Name %
of total
pop.
Vietnamese Chữ Hán
1 Nguyễn 38%
2 Trần 11%
3 9.5%
4 Phạm 7.1%
5 Huỳnh/Hoàng 5.1%
6 Phan 4.5%
7 Vũ/Võ 3.9%
8 Đặng 2.1%
9 Bùi 2%
10 Đỗ 1.4%
11 Hồ 1.3%
12 Ngô 1.3%
13 Dương 1%
14 0.5%

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Most common surname in the world.
  2. ^ 4th most common surname in the world.
  3. ^ 3rd most common surname in the world.
  4. ^ 5th most common surname in the world.
  5. ^ 7th most common surname in the world.
  6. ^ 9th most common surname in the world.
  7. ^ 10th most common surname in the world.
  8. ^ 6th most common surname in the world.
  9. ^ 8th most common surname in the world.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Какие самые распространенные фамилии в Азербайджане?. 1news.az (in Russian). Archived from the original on 14 July 2012. Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  2. ^ Xinhua News. 24 Apr 2007. "中国姓氏排行". "天下第一大姓——王." 14 Nov 2007. Accessed 26 Mar 2012.
  3. ^ "公安部统计:'王'成中国第一大姓 有9288万人." 24 Apr 2007. Accessed 27 Mar 2012.(in Chinese)
  4. ^ Baidu Baike. "新百家姓". (in Chinese)
  5. ^ "Population of Indonesia by Province 1971, 1980, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2010". Badan Pusat Statistik. Archived from the original on 18 July 2011. Retrieved 29 March 2012. 
  6. ^ "全国姓氏排名前二十位人口统计数". National Citizen Identity Information Center. Archived from the original on 5 January 2009. Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  7. ^ სახელებისა და გვარების სტატისტიკა [Names and surnames statistics] (in Georgian). Georgian Civil Registry Agency. Archived from the original on 9 March 2012. Retrieved 26 October 2010. 
  8. ^ כהן, לוי וכל השאר: דירוג 500 השמות הנפוצים [Cohen, Levi and the rest: the 500 most common names] (in Hebrew). Ynet. 14 January 2014. Retrieved 15 May 2015. 
  9. ^ Kaganoff, B. C. A Dictionary of Jewish Names and Their History. Schocken Books (New York), 1977. Zeichner, Saul. Kolomea Research Group. "Surnames of Interest: Origins and/or Meanings". 3 Nov 2010. Accessed 1 Feb 2012.
  10. ^ Beider, Alexander & al. A Dictionary of Jewish Surnames. Avotaynu (New York), 1993. Zeichner, Saul. Kolomea Research Group. "Surnames of Interest: Origins and/or Meanings". 3 Nov 2010. Accessed 1 Feb 2012.
  11. ^ Gotthard Deutsch. Jewish Encyclopedia. "Katz". 1906. Accessed 1 Feb 2012.
  12. ^ 日本苗字大辞典 [Japanese Surname Dictionary]. 芳文館 [Houbunkan]. 1996. ISBN 4990058402. 
  13. ^ a b "明治安田生命 全国同姓調査 [Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company - National same family name investigation]" (PDF) (Press release). Meiji Yasuda Life Insurance Company. 2008-09-24. Retrieved 2012-05-30. 
  14. ^ South Korean National Statistical Office. 2000 Census Archived 29 December 2008 at the Wayback Machine..
  15. ^ http://www.sanskritdictionary.com/?iencoding=deva&q=श्रेष्ठ&lang=sans&action=Search
  16. ^ Adhikary, Surya Mani (1997). The Khasa Kingdom: A trans-Himalayan empire of the middle age. Nirala Publications. p. 210. ISBN 8185693501. 
  17. ^ http://www.hindi2dictionary.com/%E0%A4%85%E0%A4%A7%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%95%E0%A4%BE%E0%A4%B0%E0%A5%80-meaning-english.html
  18. ^ Adhikary, Surya Mani (1997). The Khasa Kingdom: A trans-Himalayan empire of the middle age. Nirala Publications. p. 210. ISBN 8185693501. 
  19. ^ "Online Etymology Dictionary". Etymonline.com. Retrieved 2013-07-17. 
  20. ^ Platts, John T. (1884). A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English. London: W. H. Allen & Co. [permanent dead link]
  21. ^ Chandra Das, Sarat (1997). A Tibetan-English Dictionary: With Sanskrit Synonyms. New Delhi: Asian Educational Services. p. 582. ISBN 81-206-0455-5. 
  22. ^ http://www.ancestry.com/name-origin?surname=bhandari
  23. ^ "Live births in 2016" (PDF). Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved June 4, 2018. 
  24. ^ 全國姓名統計分析. Ministry of the Interior, R.O.C. (Taiwan). 2016. ISBN 9789860503043. 
  25. ^ "What's in a name? The number nine, if you want". Asian Times. [dead link]
  26. ^ รศ. ดร.นิตยา กาญจนะวรรณ. เรื่องของนามสกุล (๒) (in Thai). Royal Institute of Thailand. Archived from the original on 28 December 2014. Retrieved 2014-12-28. 
  27. ^ 45,665 Thai names: Examining passlist.96 Archived 26 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine., by Doug Cooper
  28. ^ Turkish Directorate-General of Population and Citizenships Archived 26 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
  29. ^ Lê Trung Hoa. Họ và Tên người Việt Nam. Social Sciences Publishing House.