List of most common surnames in Europe

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This is a list of the most common surnames in Europe, sorted by country.

Notably absent from the list is Iceland, whose people use patronymics or matronymics but not surnames in the conventional sense. See Icelandic names.

Albania[edit]

See also: Albanian name
2005
Surname Meaning
Hoxha Muslim imam
Prifti Priest
Shehu Bektashi order monk
Dushku Type of tree
Dervishi Dervish
Gurakuqi Lit. red stone
Frashëri A tree
Leka Short for Alexander
Loshi (Loshaj)

Armenia[edit]

Rank Name Romanization Meaning
1 Հովհաննիսյան Hovhannisyan Son of Hovhannes (John)
2 Հարությունյան Harutyunyan Son of Harutyun ("resurrection")
3 Սարգսյան Sargsyan Son of Sargis
4 Խաչատրյան Khachatryan Son of Khachatur ("given by cross")
5 Գրիգորյան Grigoryan Son of Grigor (Gregory)

Austria[edit]

The forty most common surnames in Austria as published in 2006 are shown below beside the approximate percentage of the Austrian population sharing each surname.[1]

Rank Name Meaning Approximate percentage
1 Gruber occupational name: miner 0.3991
2 Huber occupational name: land-owning farmer 0.3873
3 Bauer occupational name: farmer 0.3373
4 Wagner occupational name: wainwright 0.3100
5 Müller occupational name: miller 0.3012
6 Pichler 0.2753
7 Steiner stone 0.2713
8 Moser moss 0.2674
9 Mayer occupational name: approximately farmer 0.2653
10 Hofer occupational name: probably steward, property or horse maintenance, even blacksmith or related 0.2479
11 Leitner 0.2429
12 Berger mountaineer 0.2383
13 Fuchs fox 0.2250
14 Eder 0.2144
15 Fischer occupational name: fisher 0.2141
16 Schmid occupational name: blacksmith 0.2115
17 Winkler occupational name: owner of a small shop 0.2015
18 Weber occupational name: weaver 0.1995
19 Schwarz black 0.1961
20 Maier occupational name: approximately farmer 0.1946
21 Schneider occupational name: tailor 0.1915
22 Reiter occupational name: rider 0.1790
23 Mayr occupational name: approximately farmer 0.1751
24 Schmidt occupational name: blacksmith 0.1740
25 Wimmer 0.1628
26 Egger occupational name: ploughman 0.1610
27 Brunner water well 0.1602
28 Lang long 0.1599
29 Baumgartner tree gardener 0.1586
30 Auer 0.1555
31 Binder occupational name cooper 0.1458
32 Lechner 0.1435
33 Wolf wolf 0.1395
34 Wallner 0.1394
35 Aigner allodial title 0.1386
36 Ebner 0.1342
37 Koller 0.1301
38 Lehner a function in feudalism 0.1268
39 Haas 0.1261
40 Schuster occupational name: shoemaker 0.1168
41 Heilig name of the just man 0.1161

Azerbaijan[edit]

Rank[2] Name Romanization Meaning
1 Məmmədov Mammadov "Son of Mammad"
2 Əliyev Aliyev "Son of Ali"
3 Həsənov Hasanov "Son of Hasan"
4 Hüseynov Huseynov "Son of Hüseyn"
5 Quliyev Guliyev "Son of Qulu"
6 Hacıyev Hajiyev "Son of Haji"
7 Rəsulov Rasulov "Son of Rasul"
8 Süleymanov Suleymanov "Son of Suleyman"
9 Musayev Musayev "Son of Musa"
10 Abbasov Abbasov "Son of Abbas"
11 Babayev Babayev "Son of Baba"
12 Vəliyev Valiyev "Son of Vali"
13 Orucov Orujov "Son of Oruc"; Oruc also means "fasting"
14 İsmayılov Ismayilov "Son of Ismayil"
15 Ibrahimov Ibrahimov "Son of Ibrahim"

Belarus[edit]

Statistics available for Belarusian capital Minsk only:[3]

Rank Surname in Russian Surname in Belarusian Romanization Population
1 Иванов Іваноў Ivanoŭ 7,000
2 Козлов Казлоў Kazloŭ 4,700
3 Ковалёв Кавалёў Kavalioŭ 4,300
4 Козловский Казлоўскі Kazloŭski 3,900
5 Новик Новік Novik 3,300

Belgium[edit]

Belgium is a European nation composed of three main regions: Flemish Region (Flanders), Walloon Region (Wallonia), and Brussels-Capital Region. The Flemish region has a Dutch language tradition, while the Walloon region has a French language tradition. These different linguistic backgrounds are reflected in differing frequencies of surnames, as shown in the table below. (data from 1 January 2008; total population: 10,666,866)[4][5]

National Rank Name Number of people Rank (Flanders) Rank (Wallonia) Rank (Brussels)
1 Peeters 32,657 1 67 2
2 Janssens 30,296 2 56 1
3 Maes 25,524 3 63 8
4 Jacobs 19,999 4 97 4
5 Mertens 18,518 6 72 5
6 Willems 18,498 5 68 17
7 Claes 16,553 7 43
8 Goossens 15,883 9 15
9 Wouters 15,732 8 35
10 De Smet 14,259 10 25
13 Dubois 12,975 1 3
17 Lambert 11,802 2 11
21 Dupont 10,369 4 12
31 Martin 9,008 3 10
37 Simon 7,774 5 13

Bosnia and Herzegovina[edit]

Bosniaks[edit]

  • Hodžić ('Imam')
  • Hadžić ('Hajji')
  • Čengić (Turkish for Genghis)
  • Delić
  • Demirović ('son of Demir')
  • Kovačević ('Blacksmith')
  • Tahirović ('son of Tahir')
  • Ferhatović ('son of Ferhat')
  • Muratović ('son of Murat')
  • Ibrahimović ('son of Ibrahim')
  • Hasanović ('son of Hasan')
  • Mehmedović ('son of Mehmed')
  • Salihović ('son of Salih')
  • Terzić ('tailor')
  • Ademović ('son of Adem')
  • Adilović ('son of Adil')
  • Delemović
  • Zukić
  • Krličević
  • Suljić ('son of Salomon/Suliman')
  • Ahmetović ('Son of Ahmad')

Serbs[edit]

The following names are the most common names for Serbs from Bosnia.[6]

Bulgaria[edit]

See also: Bulgarian name

Feminized names included (m. Dimitrov - f. Dimitrova).

Croatia[edit]

Rank[7][8][9] Frequency Surname Surname derivation[10]
1 21,618 Horvat ethnic name for a Croat
2 15,160 Kovačević patronymic, from kovač "blacksmith"
3 12,840 Babić matronymic, or nickname, from baba "(old) woman", "grandmother"
4 11,555 Marić 1. matronymic, from Mara - short variant of Marija "Mary"; 2. patronymic, from Maro - short variant of Marije "Marius" or Marijan "Marianus"
5 11,163 Jurić patronymic, from Jure or Juro - regional variants of Juraj "George"
6 10,794 Novak 1. a newcomer, from novy "new"; 2. topographic name, for peasant who settled on newly cleared land
7 10,546 Kovačić patronymic, from kovač "blacksmith"
8 10,334 Knežević from knez "prince" or "duke"
9 10,191 Vuković patronymic, from Vuk - ancient Slavic name meaning "wolf"
10 9,854 Marković patronymic, from Marko "Marcus"
11 9,614 Petrović patronymic, from Petar and Peter
12 9,960 Matić patronymic, from Matija "Matthias" or Matej "Matthew"; or possibly from their short variants Mate or Mato
13 9,464 Tomić patronymic, from Tomo or Toma "Thomas"
14 8,601 Pavlović patronymic, from Pavao, Pavle, and Pavel "Paul"
15 8,542 Kovač occupational name, from kovač "blacksmith"
16 8,258 Božić patronymic, from Božo (from bozhy meaning of God)
17 8,152 Blažević patronymic, from Blaž lat. Blasius "Blaise"
18 8,010 Grgić patronymic, from Grga or Grgo - short variants of Grgur "Gregory"
19 7,538 Pavić patronymic, from Pavo - short or regional variant of Pavao "Paul"
20 7,406 Radić patronymic, from Rade (Slavic name meaning happy)
21 7,351 Perić patronymic, from Pero (Peter)
22 7,321 Filipović patronymic, from Filip
23 7,184 Šarić
24 7,131 Lovrić patronymic, from Lovro (Lawrence)
25 6,986 Vidović patronymic, from Vid (Vitus)
26 6,903 Perković patronymic, from Perko (Peter)
27 6,797 Popović patronymic, from Pop (priest)
28 6,760 Bošnjak ethnic name for a Bosniak
29 6,653 Jukić patronymic, from Juko or Juka - regional variants of Juraj "George"
30 6,417 Barišić patronymic, from Bariša - short or regional variant of Bartol, Bartul, Bartolomej "Bartholomew"

Czech Republic[edit]

Feminized names are included (m. Novák/f. Nováková). Figures are from 2009 and provided by Czech Ministry of the Interior.

Statistic of the Czech Republic surnames[11][12][13]
Rank Name Meaning Number of males Number of females
1 Novák/Nováková new man/woman 34,168 35,558
2 Svoboda/Svobodová freeholder 25,292 26,569
3 Novotný/Novotná newman 24,320 25,328
4 Dvořák/Dvořáková grange owner 22,299 23,445
5 Černý/Černá black man/woman 17,813 18,504
6 Procházka/Procházková walker 16,074 16,817
7 Kučera/Kučerová curly man/woman 15,187 15,689
8 Veselý/Veselá cheerful, merry man/woman 12,882 13,494
9 Horák/Horáková highlander 12,165 12,796
10 Němec/Němcová German 11,192 11,563

Denmark[edit]

Nineteen of the twenty most common Danish surnames as of 1 January 2016 are patronymic, the only exception being Møller (Miller).[14]

  1. Nielsen – 255,138
  2. Jensen – 254,675
  3. Hansen – 213,339
  4. Pedersen – 161,074
  5. Andersen – 157,753
  6. Christensen – 118,117
  7. Larsen – 114,711
  8. Sørensen – 109,746
  9. Rasmussen – 93,723
  10. Jørgensen – 87,466
  11. Petersen – 78,329
  12. Madsen – 63,723
  13. Kristensen – 60,116
  14. Olsen – 47,579
  15. Thomsen – 39,117
  16. Christiansen – 36,656
  17. Poulsen – 31,874
  18. Johansen – 31,001
  19. Møller – 30,059
  20. Mortensen – 29,258

Estonia[edit]

Data from 2008.[15]

Names of Estonian origin:

Rank # Surname Meaning
1 5,241 Tamm oak
2 4,352 Saar island/ash (tree)
3 3,624 Sepp smith
4 3,613 Mägi hill, mountain
5 2,847 Kask birch
6 2,728 Kukk rooster
7 2,265 Rebane fox
8 2,165 Ilves lynx
9 1,933 Pärn linden tree
10 1,882 Koppel paddock

Names of Russian origin:

Rank # Surname
1 6,789 Ivanov
2 3,402 Smirnov
3 3,153 Vassiljev
4 2,932 Petrov
5 2,339 Kuznetsov
6 1,968 Mihhailov
7 1,927 Pavlov
8 1,909 Semjonov
9 1,862 Andrejev
10 1,845 Aleksejev

Faroe Islands[edit]

The 20 most common surnames in the Faroe Islands as published in 2009 are shown below beside the number of people of the Faroese population sharing each surname.[16]

Rank Name Number of individuals
1 Joensen 2,512
2 Hansen 2,339
3 Jacobsen 2,169
4 Olsen 1,784
5 Poulsen 1,400
6 Petersen 1,312
7 Johannesen 1,091
8 Thomsen 722
9 Nielsen 682
10 Johansen 584
Rank Name Number of individuals
11 Rasmussen 565
12 Simonsen 543
13 Djurhuus 528
14 Jensen 523
15 Danielsen 518
16 Mortensen 488
17 Mikkelsen 457
18 Dam 433
19 Højgaard 429
20 Andreasen 420

Finland[edit]

Rank Surname Meaning Population Percentage[17]
1 Korhonen of bad hearing 23,312 0.425
2 Virtanen virta = stream 23,020 0.420
3 Mäkinen mäki = hill 21,014 0.383
4 Nieminen niemi = cape 20,969 0.382
5 Mäkelä hill place 19,538 0.356
6 Hämäläinen Tavastian, comes from Tavastia 19,129 0.349
7 Laine wave 18,752 0.342
8 Heikkinen first name Heikki, "Henry", "Henrik" 17,926 0.327
9 Koskinen koski = rapids 17,737 0.324
10 Järvinen järvi = lake 16,802 0.306
11 Lehtonen lehto = grove 16,649 0.304
12 Lehtinen lehti = leaf 15,602 0.285
13 Saarinen saari = island 15,295 0.279
14 Salminen salmi = strait 15,087 0.275
15 Heinonen heinä = hay 14,957 0.273
16 Niemi cape 14,951 0.273
17 Heikkilä first name Heikki, "Henry", "Henrik" 14,558 0.266
18 Kinnunen from Swedish word skinnare = skinner 14,319 0.261
19 Salonen salo = backwoods 14,270 0.260
20 Turunen turku = market, selling place, nowadays only the name of a city 13,802 0.252
21 Salo backwoods 13,487 0.246
22 Laitinen laita = side, margin 13,085 0.239
23 Tuominen tuomi = bird cherry 12,852 0.234
24 Rantanen ranta = shore, beach 12,834 0.234
25 Karjalainen Karelian, comes from Karelia 12,830 0.234
26 Jokinen joki = river 12,514 0.228
27 Mattila first name Matti, "Matt", "Mathew", -la = place 12,330 0.225
28 Savolainen Savonian, comes from Savonia 11,592 0.211
29 Lahtinen lahti = bay 11,470 0.209
30 Ahonen aho = meadow 11,238 0.205

Most of the names on this list are typical examples of surnames that were adopted when modern surnames were introduced in the late 19th and early 20th centuries In the romantic spirit, they refer to natural features: virta "river", koski "rapids", mäki "hill", järvi "lake", saari "island" — often with the suffix -nen added after the model of older, mainly eastern Finnish surnames such as Korhonen and Heikkinen. "Hämäläinen" literally means an inhabitant of Häme. The suffix -nen is an adjective ending.

Most common Swedish surnames in Finland[edit]

Rank Surname Population Percentage[17]
1 Johansson 8,679 0.158
2 Nyman 7,552 0.138
3 Lindholm 7,382 0.135
4 Karlsson 7,096 0.129
5 Andersson 6,403 0.117

France[edit]

Rank[18] # Surname
1 235,846 Martin
2 105,132 Bernard
3 95,998 Dubois
4 95,387 Thomas
5 91,393 Robert
6 90,689 Richard
7 88,318 Petit
8 84,252 Durand
9 78,868 Leroy
10 78,177 Moreau
11 76,655 Simon
12 75,307 Laurent
13 74,564 Lefebvre
14 74,318 Michel
15 68,720 Garcia
16 61,762 David
17 59,817 Bertrand
18 59,440 Roux
19 57,351 Vincent
20 57,047 Fournier
21 56,760 Morel
22 55,642 Girard
23 55,228 André
24 53,670 Lefèvre
25 53,622 Mercier
26 53,405 Dupont
27 51,543 Lambert
28 50,999 Bonnet
29 50,612 François
30 49,762 Martinez

Georgia[edit]

Rank Name Romanization Total Number[19]
(2013)
1 ბერიძე Beridze 28,289
2 მამედოვი Mamedovi 27,662
3 კაპანაძე Kapanadze 18,966
4 ალიევი Alievi 18,687
5 გელაშვილი Gelashvili 18,128
6 მაისურაძე Maisuradze 16,175
7 გიორგაძე Giorgadze 13,994
8 ლომიძე Lomidze 12,995
9 წიკლაური Tsiklauri 12,869
10 ბოლქვაძე Bolkvadze 12,306

Germany[edit]

Rank Surname Meaning Percentage[20]
1 Müller occupational name: miller 0.95[21]
2 Schmidt occupational name: blacksmith (lit. "smith") 0.69[22]
3 Schneider occupational name: tailor 0.40
4 Fischer occupational name: fisher 0.35
5 Meyer occupational name: approximately farmer, originally estate administrator (lit. "mayor") 0.33[23]
6 Weber occupational name: weaver 0.30
7 Schulz occupational name: approximately constable or mayor 0.27
8 Wagner occupational name: wainwright, worn-down form of 'wagoner', one who makes wagons/wheels 0.27
9 Becker occupational name: baker 0.27
10 Hoffmann occupational name: approximately man of the court 0.26

Greece[edit]

See also: Greek name
Rank Surname Meaning[24]
1 Papadopoulos (Παπαδόπουλος) a priest's adopted son
2 Vlahos / Vlachos (Βλάχος) a Vlach (a minority group related to Romanians)
3 Angelopoulos (Αγγελόπουλος) son of Angelos (a first name)
4 Nikolaidis (Νικολαΐδης) son of Nikolaos
5 Georgiou (Γεωργίου) (son/daughter) of Georgios
6 Petridis (Πετρίδης) son of Petros
7 Athanasiadis (Αθανασιάδης) son of Athanasios
8 Dimitriadis (Δημητριάδης) son of Dimitrios
9 Papadakis (Παπαδάκης) priest's son
10 Panagiotopoulos (Παναγιωτόπουλος) son of Panagiotis
11 Papantoniou (Παπαντωνίου) (son/daughter) of priest Antonios
12 Antoniou (Αντωνίου) (son/daughter) of Antonios

The majority of Greek names are patronymic. There are also several names derived from professions (Samaras, Σαμαράς = saddle maker, Papoutsis, Παπουτσής = shoe maker), area of (former) residence (Kritikos, Κρητικός = from Crete, Aivaliotis, Αϊβαλιώτης= from Ayvalik), nicknames relating to physical or other characteristics (Kontos, Κοντός = short, Mytaras, Μυταράς = large-nosed, Koufos, Κουφός = deaf) and more.

The patronymic suffix varies between dialects; thus Giannidis, Giannakis, Giannopoulos, Giannelis, Giannioglou all mean "son of Giannis."[25]

Hungary[edit]

Rank[26][27] # Surname Meaning Origin
1 235,400 (2.4%) Nagy Tall Hungarian
2 228,210 (2.3%) Horváth Croat Croatian
3 217,359 (2.2%) Kovács Smith (occupational name) Slavic
4 209,549 (2.1%) Szabó Tailor (occupational name) Hungarian
5 206,954 (2.1%) Tóth Slavic (non-Orthodox) Germanic or Hungarian
6 137,847 (1.4%) Varga Leatherworker (occupational name) Hungarian
7 131,435 (1.3%) Kiss Short Hungarian
8 106,942 (1.1%) Molnár Miller (occupational name) Croatian
9 91,878 (0.9%) Németh German/Germanic Slavic
10 83,188 (0.8%) Farkas Wolf Hungarian
11 80,575 (0.8%) Balogh Left-handed Hungarian
12 52,766 (0.5%) Papp Priest (occupational name) Latin
13 52,131 (0.5%) Takács Weaver (occupational name) Slavic
14 51,224 (0.5%) Juhász Shepherd (occupational name) Hungarian
15 47,151 (0.5%) Lakatos Locksmith (occupational name) Romanian
16 40,079 (0.4%) Mészáros Butcher (occupational name) Croatian[28]
17 38,330 (0.4%) Oláh Vlach/Romanian Germanic
18 37,960 (0.4%) Simon Simon Hebrew
19 35,008 (0.4%) Rácz Serb, South Slavic South Slavic
20 34,496 (0.3%) Fekete Black(-haired) Hungarian

2,095,788 individuals (21% of the population) bear the most common 20 names, and 3,347,493 individuals (33.5%) bearing the top 100 names.

Ireland[edit]

See also: Irish name

The prevalence of some of these names is the result of more than one distinct Irish language names being represented by the same anglicised version.

# Surname Modern Irish Original Irish Meaning
1 Murphy Ó Murchú Ó Murchadha
Mac Murchaidh
Descendant of Murchadh (a personal name meaning "Sea hound/warrior")
2 (O')Kelly Ó Ceallaigh Descendant of Ceallach ("strife")
3 (O')Sullivan Ó Súilleabháin Descendant of Súilleabhán ("dark-eyed one", "one-eyed" or "hawk-eyed")
4 Walsh Breathnach Breatnach "Breton", "Welshman"
5 Smith Mac Gabhann Son of a smith
6 O'Brien Ó Briain Descendant of Brian
7 (O')Byrne Ó Broin Descendant of Bran
8 (O')Ryan Ó Riain Ó Riain
Ó Maoilriain
Ó Ruaidhín
Descendant of Rian (possibly meaning "king")
Descendant of Maoilriaghan ("bald king")
Descendant of Ruaidhín ("little red-haired one")
9 O'Connor Ó Conchobhair Descendant of Conchobhar ("hound/chief assistance")
10 O'Neill Ó Néill Descendant of Niall (possibly meaning "cloud", "passionate" or "champion")
11 (O')Reilly Ó Raghallaigh Descendant of Raghallach
12 Doyle Ó Dubhghaill Descendant of Dubhghall ("dark-haired foreigner")
13 McCarthy Mac Cárthaigh Son of Cárthach ("loving")
14 (O')Gallagher Ó Gallchóir Ó Gallchobhair Descendant of Gallchobhar ("foreign assistance")
15 (O')Doherty Ó Dochartaigh Descendant of Dochartach ("hurtful")
16 Kennedy Ó Cinnéide Ó Ceannéidigh Descendant of Cinnéide ("ugly head")
17 Lynch Ó Loingsigh Descendant of Loingseach ("longboat")
18 Murray Ó Muireadhaigh Mac Muireadhaigh
Mac Giolla Mhuire
Descendant of Muireadhach ("chieftain")
Descendant of a servant of Mary
19 (O')Quinn Ó Cuinn/Coinne Descendant of Conn ("hound/chief")
20 (O')Moore Ó Mórdha Descendant of Mórdha ("majestic")

Names starting with O' and Mac/Mc were originally patronymic. Of the names above, with the exception of Smith and Walsh, all originally began with O' or Mac/Mc but many have lost this prefix over time. Mac/Mc, meaning Son, and Ó, meaning From, are used by sons born into the family. In the case of a daughter being born into the family she would use Ní/Nic, for example Ó Muireadhaigh becomes Ní Mhuireadhaigh. A woman who marries into the family and takes her husband's name uses Uí/Mic- e.g. Uí Mhuireadhaigh.[29][30]

Italy[edit]

See also: Italian name

From Gens website.[31]

Rank Name Meaning
1 Rossi Red-haired (plural) (Central and Northern Italy)
2 Russo Red-haired (Southern Italy)
3 Ferrari Blacksmith
4 Esposito Exposed (abandoned by parents)
5 Bianchi White, fair-skinned or white-haired (plural)
6 Romano Roman, from Rome
7 Colombo Dove, used in reference to orphans
8 Ricci Curly (Northern Italy)
9 Marino Sailor, seaman
10 Greco Greek
11 Bruno Brown haired
12 Gallo Literally "rooster", probably from the medieval name Gallo
13 Conti Count, nobleman (plural)
14 De Luca (Son of) Luke
15 Mancini Left handed (plural)
16 Costa Literally "coast", inhabitant of the coast
17 Giordano Jordan, from the Latin cognomen Iordanus
18 Rizzo Curly (Southern Italy)
19 Lombardi Lombards, from Lombardy
20 Moretti Black-haired (plural)
21 Barbieri Barber (plural)
22 Fontana Fountain (Toponymic surname)
23 Santoro All Saints' Day (from Latin name Santi or Ognisanti, derived from festum Omnium Sanctorum)
24 Mariani From the name Mario (plural)
25 Rinaldi From the name Rinaldo of Germanic origin (powerful advisor)
26 Caruso Sicilian for "boy"

Kosovo[edit]

Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognised as an independent state by 109 out of 193 United Nations member states.

See also: § Albania
Surname
Zogaj
Gashi
Krasniqi
Morina
Kelmendi
Beqiri
Jakupi
Kastrati
Avdiu
Shala
Ademi
Sejdiu
Hoxha

Latvia[edit]

Rank[32][33] Surname Meaning
1 Bērziņš birch (diminutive)
2 Kalniņš hill (diminutive)
3 Ozoliņš oak (diminutive)
4 Jansons son of Jānis (Germanized)
5 Ozols oak
6 Liepiņš linden (diminutive)
7 Krūmiņš bush (diminutive)
8 Balodis pigeon
9 Eglītis fir (diminutive)
10 Zariņš branch (diminutive)
11 Pētersons son of Pēteris (Germanized)
12 Vītols willow
13 Kļaviņš maple (diminutive)
14 Kārkliņš willow (diminutive form of Kārkls)
15 Vanags hawk

Lithuania[edit]

Lithuania[34]
2015
Rank Men Women[note 1]
1 Kazlauskas Kazlauskienė
2 Jankauskas Jankauskienė
3 Petrauskas Petrauskienė
4 Stankevičius Stankevičienė
5 Vasiliauskas Vasiliauskienė
6 Butkus Butkutė
7 Žukauskas Žukauskienė
8 Paulauskas Paulauskienė
9 Urbonas Urbonienė
10 Kavaliauskas Kavaliauskienė

Luxembourg[edit]

Out of 236,000 entries in the EDITUS phone book:

Rank[35] # Surname
1 1929 Schmit
2 1473 Muller
3 1380 Weber
4 1335 Hoffmann
5 1300 Wagner
6 1027 Thill
7 939 Schmitz
8 793 Schroeder
9 712 Reuter
10 706 Klein
11 674 Becker
12 660 Kieffer
13 650 Kremer
14 610 Faber
15 556 Meyer
16 550 Schneider
17 543 Weiss
18 538 Schiltz
19 537 Simon
20 533 Welter
21 504 Hansen
22 496 Majerus
23 467 Ries
24 459 Meyers
25 451 Kayser
26 441 Steffen
27 438 Krier
28 421 Braun
29 411 Wagener
30 405 Diederich

Malta[edit]

Rank[36] % # Surname
1 3.3 13,169 Borg
2 3.1 12,643 Camilleri
3 2.9 11,785 Vella
4 2.9 11,549 Farrugia
5 2.3 9,424 Zammit
6 2.1 8,519 Galea
7 2.1 8,356 Micallef
8 1.9 7,828 Grech
9 1.8 7,340 Attard
10 1.8 7,233 Spiteri

Macedonia[edit]

  • Andov – son of Ande
  • Angelov – son of Angel
  • Bogdanov – son of Bogdan
  • Bozinov – son of Bozhin
  • Brankov – son of Branko
  • Damcevski
  • Davidov – son of David
  • Dimitrov – son of Dimitar
  • Donev – son of Doncho
  • Filipov – son of Filip
  • Georgiev – son of Georgi
  • Ivanov – son of Ivan
  • Ivanovski – son of Ivan
  • Janev – son of Jane
  • Kitanovski
  • Kostovski – son of Kosta
  • Kostov
  • Manasievski – son of Manas
  • Markov – son of Marko
  • Matovski – son of Mato
  • Mladenovski – son of Mladen
  • Nikolovski – son of Nikola
  • Pavlovski
  • Penov – son of Peni
  • Petkov – son of Petko
  • Petrevski – son of Petar
  • Petrovski
  • Popov – Priest
  • Popovski
  • Ristevski – son of Risto
  • Stojanov – son of Stojan
  • Trajanovski – son of Trajan
  • Trajcevski
  • Trajkovski

Moldova[edit]

Rank Surname Meaning Total number of families[37]
1 Rusu from Rus 23,028
2 Ceban shepherd 20,929
3 Ciobanu shepherd 17,167
4 Țurcan Turkish 16,984
5 Cebotari shoemaker 15,464
6 Sîrbu Serb 14,171
7 Lungu long 14,090
8 Munteanu from the mountain 13,904
9 Rotari from roată = wheel 13,511
10 Popa priest 12,923
11 Ursu bear 11,456
12 Guțu dove 11,433
13 Roșca red-haired, ginger 11,194
14 Melnic miller 10,632
15 Cojocari coat crafter 10,526

Netherlands[edit]

See also: Dutch name and List of Dutch family names

The most recent complete count of surnames in the Netherlands is based on the September 2007 county registrations.

Rank Name Number in 2007 Percent Number in 1947 English equivalent or (when lacking) meaning
1 De Jong 86,534 0.53% 55,256 Young
2 Jansen 75,699 0.46% 49,213 Johnson
3 De Vries 73,157 0.45% 49,298 the Frisian
4 Van den Berg * 60,130 0.37% 37,678 of/from the mountain
5 Van Dijk, Van Dyk 57,944 0.35% 36,578 of/from the dike
6 Bakker 56,864 0.35% 37,483 Baker
7 Janssen 55,394 0.34% 32,824 Johnson
8 Visser 50,929 0.31% 34,721 Fisher
9 Smit 43,493 0.27% 29,783 Smith
10 Meijer, Meyer 41,497 0.25% 28,256 Bailiff or steward
11 De Boer 39,576 0.24% 25,662 Farmer
12 Mulder 37,250 0.23% 24,665 Miller
13 De Groot 37,221 0.23% 24,724 The big/great/large
14 Bos 36,478 0.22% 23,790 Bush or Woods
15 Vos 31,154 0.19% 19,461 Fox
16 Peters 30,864 0.19% 18,583 Peters
17 Hendriks 30,199 0.18% 18,538 Henderson
18 Van Leeuwen 28,774 0.18% 17,754 From Leeuwen/Leuven; Levi (leeuwen is the plural of lion)
19 Dekker 28,682 0.17% 18,782 Thatcher
20 Brouwer 26,224 0.16% 17,468 Brewer
21 De Wit 24,904 0.15% 15,156 White
22 Dijkstra 24,175 0.15% 15,647 (Frisian) of/from the dike
23 Smits 23,816 0.15% 15,151 Smith
24 De Graaf 21,699 0.13% 13,718 The count/earl/administrator
25 Van der Meer 21,354 0.13% 13,011 of/from the lake

If closely related names are combined, the top 15 become:

Name Number of people
1 Jansen, Janssen, Janse 135,003
2 de Jong, de Jonge, de Jongh, Jong 108,240
3 Smit, Smits, Smid, de Smit, Smet, Smith 76,604
4 de Vries, Vries, de Vriese 74,058
5 vd Berg, vd Bergh, vd Berge, vd Bergen* 69,080
6 Visser, Visscher, Vissers, de Visser 68,952
7 van Dijk, van Dyk, Dijk, van Dijck 64,070
8 Bakker, Bekker, de Bakker, Backer 62,183
9 de Boer, Boer, den Boer, van de Boer 57,072
10 Mulder, Muller, Müller, Mulders, de Mulder 52,394
11 Peters, Peeters, Pieters, Peterse, Peter 52,389
12 vd Veen, vd Ven, van Veen, van 't Veen * 49,935
13 Bos, Bosch, de Bos 47,995
14 Meijer, Meyer, Meijers 47,761
15 de Groot, Groot, de Groote 47,511
* "vd" stands for "van de", "van den", or "van der"

Source: Nederlands Repertorium van Familienamen, Meertens-Instituut, 1963-2009. Data can be viewed in the Corpus of Family Names in the Netherlands See specifically De top 100 van de familienamen in Nederland (Dutch)

Names ending in -stra or -ma are usually of Frisian origin. For example, Terpstra, Bijlsma, Halsema.

Names ending in -ink or -ing are usually of Low Saxon origin. For example, Hiddink, Roeterdink, Mentink.

Norway[edit]

Rank[38] # Surname
1 53,519 Hansen
2 50,409 Johansen
3 49,784 Olsen
4 38,128 Larsen
5 37,206 Andersen
6 35,402 Pedersen
7 34,941 Nilsen
8 23,595 Kristiansen
9 23,079 Jensen
10 21,330 Karlsen
11 20,755 Johnsen
12 20,226 Pettersen
13 19,241 Eriksen
14 18,133 Berg
15 14,392 Haugen
16 14,126 Hagen
17 13,387 Johannessen
18 12,139 Andreassen
19 11,925 Jacobsen
20 11,540 Dahl
21 11,481 Jørgensen
22 11,477 Halvorsen
23 11,364 Henriksen
24 11,282 Lund

Poland[edit]

Rank Surname Meaning Population[39]
1 Nowak "newman" 207,348
2 Kowalski from kowal "smith" 140,471
3 Wiśniewski from wiśnia "cherry" 111,174
4 Wójcik from wójt, a noun describing chief officer of a municipality (gmina), from a popular name Wojciech; from the word "wojak" (warrior) 100,064
5 Kowalczyk from kowal "smith", literally "smith's son" 98,739
6 Kamiński from kamień "stone" 95,816
7 Lewandowski from lawenda "lavender" 93,404
8 Zieliński from zielony "green"; from zioło, ziele "herb" 91,522
9 Szymański from Szymon, equivalent to Simon 89,698
10 Woźniak from woźny, "usher" 89,015
11 Dąbrowski from dąbrowa "oak grove" 87,304
12 Kozłowski from kozioł "buck" 76,657
13 Jankowski from Janek, a diminutive of John 69,280
14 Mazur Formerly, 'a Mazury person' 68,090
15 Kwiatkowski from kwiatek "flower (dim.)" 66,917
16 Wojciechowski from the name Wojciech; from the word "wojak" (warrior) 66,879
17 Krawczyk from krawiec "tailor", "tailor's son" 64,543
18 Kaczmarek from karczmarz "innkeeper" 62,399
19 Piotrowski from Piotr (Peter) 61,844
20 Grabowski from grab "hornbeam" or grabarz 'gravedigger" 59,052

Polish names which end with -ski or -cki have both male and female forms - Kamiński / Kamińska, Wielicki / Wielicka, etc. This needs to be considered when taking a count by, for instance, scanning a telephone book. Historically, -ski, cognate with English -ish and French -esque, was a particle of nobility, like German von.

See also: Polish name

Portugal[edit]

The 50 most frequent surnames in Portugal are:[40][41]

Order Surname Meaning Frequency
%
Frequency
(in 1000)
1 Silva woodland 9.44% 995
2 Santos saints 5.96% 628
3 Ferreira blacksmith 5.25% 553
4 Pereira pear tree 4.88% 514
5 Oliveira olive tree 3.71% 391
6 Costa [from the] coast 3.68% 387
7 Rodrigues son of Rodrigo 3.57% 376
8 Martins son of Martim 3.23% 340
9 Jesus Jesus 2.99% 315
10 Sousa [from] Sousa (toponym) 2.95% 311
11 Fernandes son of Fernando 2.82% 297
12 Gonçalves son of Gonçalo 2.76% 291
13 Gomes son of Gome/Gomo 2.57% 271
14 Lopes son of Lopo 2.52% 265
15 Marques son of Marcos 2.51% 265
16 Alves abbreviated form of
Álvares, son of Álvaro
2.37% 250
17 Almeida toponymic 2.27% 239
18 Ribeiro from the riverside 2.27% 239
19 Pinto 2.09% 220
20 Carvalho oak tree 1.97% 208
21 Teixeira toponymic, yew tree related 1.69% 178
22 Moreira mulberry 1.54% 162
23 Correia 1.53% 161
24 Mendes son of Mendo 1.39% 146
25 Nunes son of Nuno 1.32% 139
26 Soares son of Soeiro 1.28% 135
27 Vieira scallop 1.2% 127
28 Monteiro 1.11% 117
29 Cardoso spiny, having to do with teazels 1.07% 113
30 Rocha rock 1.04% 110
31 Neves snows
(devotion to Our Lady of the Snows)
0.98% 103
32 Coelho rabbit 0.97% 102
33 Cruz cross (of Jesus) 0.94% 99
34 Cunha wedge 0.93% 98
35 Pires son of Pero (Peter) 0.92% 97
36 Ramos tree branches or related to Passover Friday 0.86% 91
37 Reis devotion to the
Three Kings ("Reis")
0.85% 90
38 Simões son of Simão (Simon) 0.85% 90
39 Antunes son of António 0.82% 86
40 Matos bush 0.82% 86
41 Fonseca 0.81% 86
42 Machado axe 0.76% 80
43 Araújo toponymic 0.69% 73
44 Barbosa toponymic 0.69% 72
45 Tavares toponymic 0.67% 71
46 Lourenço Laurent, related to laurels 0.65% 68
47 Castro castrum 0.62% 66
48 Figueiredo 0.62% 65
49 Azevedo 0.60% 64
50 Freitas 0.60% 63

Romania[edit]

Rank[42] Surname Pronunciation Meaning
1 Popa [ˈpopa] Priest
2 Popescu [poˈpesku] from Popa (Priest)
3 Pop [pop] short form of Popa
4 Radu [ˈradu] Happy
5 Dumitru [duˈmitru]
6 Stan [stan] shortened form of Stanislav
7 Stoica [ˈstojka]
8 Gheorghe [ˈɡe̯orɡe] form of George
9 Matei [maˈtej] Romanian form of Matthew
10 Ciobanu [t͡ʃjoˈbanu] Shepherd

Russia[edit]

See also: Russian name
See also: Список общерусских фамилий (in Russian Wikipedia)

The 20 most common widespread Russian surnames from the European part of Russia, as calculated by Balanovskaya et al. (2005):[43]

Rank Surname Transliteration Meaning Percentage[43]
1 Смирно́в Smirnov obedient one's 1.61
2 Ивано́в Ivanov son of Ivan 1.30
3 Кузнецо́в Kuznetsov smith's 0.90
4 Попов Popov priest's son 0.79
5 Соколов Sokolov falcon's 0.73
6 Лебедев Lebedev swan's 0.65
7 Козло́в Kozlov he-goat's (metaphorically: "Bearded one") 0.58
8 Но́виков Novikov newman's (see novik for historical details) 0.54
9 Моро́зов Morozov frost's 0.53
10 Петров Petrov son of Pyotr 0.44
11 Волков Volkov wolf's 0.44
12 Соловьёв Solovyov nightingale's 0.44
13 Васильев Vasilyev son of Vasily 0.42
14 Зайцев Zaytsev hare's 0.41
15 Па́влов Pavlov son of Pavel 0.39
16 Семёнов Semyonov son of Semyon 0.35
17 Голубев Golubev pigeon's 0.32
18 Виногра́дов Vinogradov grape's 0.32
19 Богданов Bogdanov son of Bogdan 0.31
20 Воробьёв Vorobyov sparrow's 0.30

Those Russian surnames that end with -ov/-ev or -in/-yn are originally patronymic or metronymic genitive adjectivals with the meaning "son of" or "daughter/wife of" (the feminine is formed with the -a ending - Smirnova, Ivanova, etc.). In older documents such surnames were written with the word syn "son", for example, Ivanov syn "John's son" or Il'yin syn "Elijah's son"; the last word was later dropped. Such names are roughly equivalent to the English or Welsh surnames Richardson or Richards.

The Russian equivalent of "Smith, Jones, and Brown" (that is, the generic most popular surnames) is Ivanov, Petrov, Sidorov, or "Jones, Peters, and Isidores", although Sidorov is now ranked only 66th.[43]

Serbia[edit]

Rank[44] Surname Cyrillic script Meaning
1 Jovanović Јовановић Son of Jovan (John)
2 Petrović Петровић Son of Petar (Peter)
3 Nikolić Николић Son of Nikola (Nicholas)
4 Marković Марковић Son of Marko (Mark)
5 Đorđević Ђорђевић Son of Đorđe (George)
6 Stojanović Стојановић Son of Stojan (Stoyan)
7 Ilić Илић Son of Ilija (Elijah)
8 Stanković Станковић Son of Stanko (Stan)
9 Pavlović Павловић Son of Pavle (Paul)
10 Milošević Милошевић Son of Miloš (Milosh)

Slovakia[edit]

Rank[45][46] # Surname Meaning Origins
1 30,813 Horváth "Croat" Hungarian
2 29,079 Kováč "Blacksmith" Slavic, Indo-European
3 21,650 Varga "Leatherworker, cobbler" Hungarian[27]
4 21,604 Tóth "Slovak (Slav)" Germanic through Hungarian[27][46]
5 19,341 Nagy "Large/Tall" Hungarian[27]
6 14,114 Baláž "Blessed" Hungarian via Latin Blasius and Old Church Slavonic "blessed", from Indo-European
7 13,998 Szabó "Tailor" Hungarian[27]
8 12,632 Molnár "Miller" Hungarian[27]
9 10,872 Balog "Left-handed" Hungarian,[27] or from Slavic "marsh", or both
10 9,718 Lukáč "Luke" Latin Lucas, Greek

Note: The most common surnames in Slovakia are a mixture of Indo-European and the Ugric roots reflecting the 900-year-long coexistence of the Indo-European Slovaks and speakers of other Indo-European languages with Ugric Hungarians and the Croatians, under Hungarian assimilation pressure throughout the 19th century (see Magyarization, see History of Slovakia). In 1910 Hungarians made up one-third of the population of present-territory of Slovakia.[47] Hungarians are currently an 8% minority[46] in Slovakia due to population exchanges and Slovakization.[48] (see Demographics of Slovakia). While ethnic Hungarians are relatively few in Slovakia, their large presence on the list of most common names reflects the intra-lingual frequency of the frequent names in Hungary.

Slovenia[edit]

Rank[49] # Surname Meaning
1 11,196 Novak new man; from a newly established farm
2 9,762 Horvat Croat
3 5,640 Kovačič son of blacksmith
4 5,585 Krajnc from Carniola
5 5,019 Zupančič son of farmer or the village elder
6 4,729 Potočnik near stream
7 4,729 Kovač blacksmith
8 3,957 Mlakar near puddle
9 3,905 Kos blackbird
10 3,885 Vidmar farmer belonging to the ruler's estate
11 3,855 Golob pigeon
12 3,506 Turk Turk
13 3,421 Božič Christmas
14 3,418 Kralj King
15 3,285 Korošec from Carinthia
16 3,256 Zupan mayor (originally, village elder)
17 3,209 Bizjak archaic term for refugee; usually applied to Slavic Christian families that had fled from the Ottoman Empire
18 3,136 Hribar from the hill
19 3,069 Kotnik from a remote area (literally, from a corner)
20 3,003 Kavčič
21 2,992 Rozman
22 2,873 Kastelic from a castle
23 2,841 Oblak cloud
24 2,828 Žagar sawer
25 2,821 Petek Friday
26 2,808 Hočevar from Kočevje or from Gottschee County
27 2,807 Kolar
28 2,738 Košir
29 2,598 Koren
30 2,399 Klemenčič son of Klemen

Spain[edit]

The top ten surnames cover about 20% of the population, with important geographical differences. The regional distribution of surnames within Spain was homogenized mostly through internal migrations, especially since 1950. Names typical of the old crown of Castile have become the most common all over the country. Most of the common Spanish surnames originating from Germanic first names were introduced in Spain during the fifth to seventh centuries by the Visigoths, so almost all are from the Visigoth tradition.

  1. García - 1,378,000 people (3.48%) Pre-Roman, Basque.
  2. Fernández - 851,000 (2.15%) Son of Fernando, Fredenand, or Fridnand; Germanic
  3. González - 839,000 (2.12%) Son of Gonzalo, from the Latinised form Gundisalvus; Germanic
  4. Rodríguez - 804,000 (2.03%) Son of Rodrigo, Roderic; Germanic
  5. López - 796,000 (2.01%) Son of Lope, Latin Lupus, meaning wolf
  6. Martínez - 788,000 (1.97%) Son of Martin, Latin Martis, genitive form of Mars
  7. Sánchez - 725,000 (1.83%) Son of Sancho, Latin Sanctius
  8. Pérez - 709,000 (1.79%) Son of Pedro, Latin Petrus
  9. Martín - 459,000 (1.16%)
  10. Gómez - 440,000 (1.11%) Son of Gomes, Gomo, or Gomaro; Germanic
  11. Ruiz - 321,000 (0.81%) Son of Rui, variation or short for Rodrigo
  12. Hernández - 305,000 (0.77%) Son of Hernando, variation of Fernando
  13. Jiménez - 293,000 (0.74%) son of Jimeno, Xemeno. or Ximeno
  14. Díaz - 293,000 (0.74%) Son of Diego
  15. Álvarez - 273,000 (0.69%) Son of Alvaro, from Alvar; Germanic
  16. Moreno - 261,000 (0.66%) Brown-haired, tanned, brunet
  17. Muñoz - 241,000 (0.61%) Son of Munio; Pre-Roman
  18. Alonso - 206,000 (0.52%) Variation of Alfonso; Germanic
  19. Gutiérrez - 170,000 (0.43%) Son of Gutier, Gutierre, or Gualtierre; Germanic
  20. Romero - 170,000 (0.43%) (pilgrim)
  21. Navarro - 158,400 (0.40%) Navarrese, "from Navarre"; toponym
  22. Torres - 134,600 (0.34%) Towers; toponym
  23. Domínguez - 134,600 (0.34%) Son of Domingo, from Latin Domenicus, Dominus, "master"
  24. Gil - 134,600 (0.34%) From older form Egidio; patronymic
  25. Vázquez - 130,000 (0.33%) Son of Vasco or Velasco
  26. Serrano - 122,700 (0.31%) "Highlander"
  27. Ramos - 118,000 (0.30%) Branches; meaning born during Christian festivity Palm Sunday
  28. Blanco - 118,000 (0.30%) "White"
  29. Sanz - 106,900 (0.27%)
  30. Castro - 102,900 (0.26%) "village" castro
  31. Suárez - 102,900 (0.26%) Son of Suero or Suaro; unknown origin
  32. Ortega - 99,000 (0.25%) From Ortiga, nettle plant
  33. Rubio - 99,000 (0.25%) Blond, fair-haired; Latin Rubeus, meaning ruddy, reddish
  34. Molina - 99,000 (0.25%) (Mill, place with mills)
  35. Delgado - 95,000 (0.24%) "Thin man"
  36. Ramírez - 95,000 (0.24%) Son of Ramiro, Radamir, or Radmir; Germanic
  37. Morales - 95,000 (0.24%) Blackberry groves
  38. Ortiz - 87,120 (0.22%) Son of Ortún; Latin Fortunius, meaning fortunate one
  39. Marín - 83,160 (0.21%) Latin Marinus, meaning sailor
  40. Iglesias - 83,160 (0.21%) "Churches"

Source:[50] - Data from December 1999. (2004 data confirmation of top 25)

Canary Islands[edit]

Rank Name Approximate percentage
1 González 4.79
2 Rodríguez 4.64
3 Hernández 4.01
4 Pérez 3.35
5 García 3.25
6 Martín 2.21
7 Santana 2.18
8 Díaz 1.86
9 Suárez 1.38
10 Sánchez 1.29
11 López 1.21
12 Cabrera 1.18
13 Ramos 0.88
14 Medina 0.87
15 Fernández 0.75
16 Morales 0.73
17 Delgado 0.70
18 Marrero 0.70
19 León 0.69
20 Alonso 0.61
21 Herrera 0.59
22 Cruz 0.58
23 Domínguez 0.55
24 Gutiérrez 0.52
25 Reyes 0.50
26 Torres 0.48
27 Alvarez 0.66
28 Rivero 0.44
29 Armas 0.42
30 Trujillo 0.40

Sweden[edit]

Source: World Family Names

Rank[51] # Surname Mening
1 251,621 Andersson son of Anders
2 251,495 Johansson son of Johan
3 223,151 Karlsson son of Karl
4 171,360 Nilsson son of Nils
5 147,514 Eriksson son of Erik
6 124,686 Larsson son of Lars
7 114,280 Olsson son of Olof, Olov, Ola, Ole or Olle (usually a nick name)
8 107,911 Persson son of Per
9 101,834 Svensson son of Sven
10 97,536 Gustafsson son of Gustaf
11 96,011 Pettersson son of Petter
12 73,869 Jonsson son of Jon
13 50,170 Jansson son of Jan
14 43,926 Hansson son of Hans
15 34,302 Bengtsson son of Bengt
16 32,249 Jönsson son of Jöns
17 27,533 Lindberg contraction of lind (the tree tilia cordata) and berg (mountain)
18 26,793 Jakobsson son of Jakob
19 26,562 Magnusson son of Magnus
20 26,424 Olofsson son of Olof

List of the 10 most common names among the Sami people (compiled from one third of the Sametinget voting list 2005):[52]

Rank Surname Meaning
1 Andersson son of Anders
2 Johansson son of Johan
3 Nilsson son of Nils
4 Larsson son of Lars
5 Persson son of Per
6 Blind  ? of Sami descent
7 Jonsson son of Jon
8 Eriksson son of Erik
9 Nutti  ? of Sami descent
10 Labba  ? of Sami descent

Switzerland[edit]

Surnames of the Italian-speaking canton of Ticino

Rank Name
1 Bianchi
2 Bernasconi
3 Fontana
4 Crivelli
5 Galli
6 Cereghetti
7 Colombo
8 Rossi
9 Ferrari
10 Cavadini
11 Sante
12 Ravelli
13 Giovanni
14 Piero

German-speaking cantons (1998): Source:[53]

Rank # Surname
1 31,000 Müller
2 19,150 Meier
3 16,900 Schmid
4 13,000 Keller
5 11,850 Weber
6 10,550 Huber
7 10,350 Meyer
8 10,300 Schneider
9 8,950 Steiner
10 8,200 Fischer
11 8,100 Brunner
12 8,000 Baumann
13 7,950 Gerber
14 7,750 Frei
15 7,500 Moser

Turkey[edit]

Main article: Turkish name
Rank Name Meaning
1 Yılmaz unbeatable/dauntless
2 Kaya rock
3 Demir iron
4 Şahin falcon
5 Çelik steel
6 Yıldız star
7 Yıldırım thunderbolt
8 Öztürk pure Turk
9 Aydın enlightened
10 Özdemir pure iron

Source: Turkish General Directorate of Population and Citizenships[54]

Ukraine[edit]

Many of the surnames use the same root but different suffixes, or even different roots of the same meaning, depending on the part of Ukraine the person hails from.[55]

Rank Surname Meaning
1 Melnyk miller's
2 Shevchenko shoemaker's
3 Boyko tenacious/feisty
4 Kovalenko smith's
5 Bondarenko cooper's
6 Tkachenko weaver's
7 Kovalchuk smith's
8 Kravchenko tailor's
9 Oliynyk oil maker
10 Shevchuk shoemaker's apprentice
11 Koval smith
12 Polishchuk from Polesia
13 Bondar cooper
14 Tkachuk weaver's
15 Moroz frost
16 Marchenko Mark's
17 Lysenko fox's
18 Rudenko red's
19 Savchenko Savva's
20 Petrenko Peter's

United Kingdom[edit]

England[edit]

Rank Surname Percentage[56]
1 Smith 1.26
2 Jones 0.75
3 Taylor 0.59
4 Brown 0.56
5 Williams 0.39
6 Wilson 0.39
7 Johnson 0.37
8 Davies 0.34
9 Robinson 0.32
10 Wright 0.32
11 Thompson 0.31
12 Evans 0.30
13 Walker 0.30
14 White 0.30
15 Roberts 0.28
16 Green 0.28
17 Hall 0.28
18 Wood 0.27
19 Jackson 0.27
20 Clarke 0.26
Greater London

The following list is for Greater London.[57]

Northern Ireland[edit]

Data from University College London, Paediatric-Epidemiology Significance Surnames Paper. Numbers in brackets indicate percentages.

  1. Wilson (0.75)
  2. Campbell (0.75)
  3. Kelly (0.74)
  4. Johnston (0.69)
  5. Moore (0.62)
  6. Thompson (0.61)
  7. Smyth (0.60)
  8. Brown (0.59)
  9. O’Neill (0.57)
  10. Doherty (0.54)
  11. Stewart (0.54)
  12. Quinn (0.51)
  13. Robinson (0.50)
  14. Murphy (0.49)
  15. Graham (0.48)
  16. Martin (0.45)
  17. McLaughlin (0.45)
  18. Hamilton (0.44)
  19. Murray (0.43)
  20. Hughes (0.41)

Scotland[edit]

Data from University College London, Paediatric-Epidemiology Significance Surnames Paper. Numbers in brackets indicate percentages.

  1. Smith (1.28)
  2. Brown (0.94)
  3. Wilson (0.89)
  4. Robertson (0.78)
  5. Thomson (0.78)
  6. Campbell (0.77)
  7. Stewart (0.73)
  8. Anderson (0.70)
  9. Scott (0.55)
  10. Murray (0.53)
  11. MacDonald (0.52)
  12. Reid (0.52)
  13. Taylor (0.49)
  14. Clark (0.47)
  15. Ross (0.43)
  16. Young (0.42)
  17. Mitchell (0.41)
  18. Watson (0.41)
  19. Paterson (0.40)
  20. Morrison (0.40)
  21. Sanders (0.40)

Wales[edit]

Data from University College London, Paediatric-Epidemiology Significance Surnames Paper. Numbers in brackets indicate percentages.

  1. Jones (5.75)
  2. Williams (3.72)
  3. Davies (3.72)
  4. Evans (2.47)
  5. Thomas (2.43)
  6. Roberts (1.53)
  7. Lewis (1.53)
  8. Hughes (1.23)
  9. Morgan (1.16)
  10. Griffiths (0.96)
  11. Edwards (0.93)
  12. Smith (0.85)
  13. James (0.82)
  14. Rees (0.81)
  15. Jenkins (0.69)
  16. Owen (0.67)
  17. Price (0.67)
  18. Phillips (0.65)
  19. Moss (0.63)
  20. Driscoll (0.53)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Lithuanian language has different endings for surnames for men and women. The ending of a woman's surname indicates whether she is married or not. Last names of married women end in -ienė while those of unmarried girls end in -ytė, -iūtė, -utė, -aitė.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ WienerSprachblätter, 2006, issue 4, p. 4. "Alles Gruber in Östereich und nicht Müller wie in Deutschland" (in German). Retrieved 2007-10-20. 
  2. ^ Какие самые распространенные фамилии в Азербайджане?. 1news.az (in Russian). Retrieved 19 January 2013. 
  3. ^ Ale.by - Самая распространенная фамилия в Минске - Иванов
  4. ^ Statistics Belgium, Demographic Statistics, most common surnames
  5. ^ Statistics Belgium, Demographic Statistics, total population
  6. ^ Јањатовић, Ђорђе (1993). ПРЕЗИМЕНА СРБА У БОСНИ. ПРОСВЕТА-ТРГОВИНА" д. д. СОМБОР. 
  7. ^ "Most frequent Croatian surnames". www.croatian-genealogy.com. Retrieved 30 December 2009. 
  8. ^ "Most frequent surnames, Census 2011". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-06. 
  9. ^ "Names and surnames in Republic of Croatia". Census of Population, Households and Dwellings 2011. Zagreb: Croatian Bureau of Statistics. December 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-06. 
  10. ^ "What's in a name?". Ancestry.com. Retrieved 2 January 2009. 
  11. ^ Heather Bowne (2005-01-16). "What's in a name?". ABC of Czech. Český rozhlas 7 - Radio Praha. Retrieved 2008-01-28. The most common surname in the Czech Republic is Novák, which is closest to the English "Newman". 
  12. ^ Mužská příjmení - občané ČR a cizí státní příslušníci - 20 nejčetnějších
  13. ^ Ženská přijmení - občanky ČR a cizí státní příslušnice - 20 nejčetnějších
  14. ^ "Navne i hele befolkningen". dst.dk (in Danish). Statistics Denmark. Retrieved 5 February 2016. 
  15. ^ "Top 500: Eesti kõige levinumad perekonnanimed" (in Estonian). ekspress.ee. 25 April 2008. Retrieved 29 December 2009. 
  16. ^ Hagstova Føroya. "Eftirnøvn (2001-2009)" (in Faroese). Retrieved 2010-09-10. 
  17. ^ a b Population Register Centre, 13 July 2015. Percentages are based on the population of Finland on 16 July 2015.
  18. ^ "Les noms de famille les plus portés France" (in French). linternaute.com. Retrieved 29 December 2009. 
  19. ^ Georgian Civil Registry Agency. "Popular Names". Accessed 26 Sept 2013. (Russian)
  20. ^ Rank and percentage of population from: Kunze, Konrad (2004). Namenkunde, Vor- und Familiennamen im deutschen Sprachgebiet, 4th edn (series: dtv-Atlas). München, Deutscher Taschenbuch Verlag, 255 pp.
  21. ^ In northern Germany, the alternative form 'Möller' is more common;
  22. ^ Heterograph: Schmitt. In southernmost Germany, the alternative form 'Schmid' is the most common. All forms taken collectively would be #1 surname
  23. ^ Heterographs: Meier, which is common to the north, like Meyer, and Mayer, which is commoner to the south. All forms taken collectively would be #2 surname
  24. ^ Triandafilidis, Manolis (1995). Τα οικογενειακά μας Ονόματα (Our Family Names). Athens: Manolis Triandafilidis Foundation. ISBN 9789602310106. 
  25. ^ Triandafilidis, Manolis (1995). Τα οικογενειακά μας ονόματα (Our Family Names). Athens: Manolis Triandafilidis Foundation. p. 288. ISBN 9789602310106. 
  26. ^ "Családnév statisztika 2011. január 1." (xls) (in Hungarian). Népességnyilvántartó Hivatal (Bureau of Population Registration). Retrieved 9 October 2011. 
  27. ^ a b c d e f g Farkas, Tamás. "Régi magyar családnevek névvégmutató szótára (Reverse dictionary of historical Hungarian family names)" (PDF). ELTE Magyar Nyelvtudományi és Finnugor Intézet, Magyar Nyelvtudományi Társaság (Budapest University, Faculty of Hungarian Philology and Finno-Ugric Institute, Hungarian Philology Association), Budapest, 2009. 
  28. ^ http://browse.dict.cc/croatian-english/mesar.html
  29. ^ The Top 500 Irish & British Surnames, The Observer, 15 April 2007.
  30. ^ [1] Retrieved on 23 September 2008. Registration required.
  31. ^ "L'Italia dei Cognomi" (in Italian). www.gens.labo.net. Retrieved 29 December 2009. 
  32. ^ "Latvians". li.lv. 2006. Retrieved 29 December 2009. 
  33. ^ Latvian Surname Project http://www.celmina.com/surnames.html
  34. ^ "Populiariausi gyventojų vardai ir Labiausiai paplitusiosios gyventojų pavardės" (PDF) (in Lithuanian). stat.gov.lt. 27 February 2015. Retrieved 6 June 2016. 
  35. ^ [2]
  36. ^ "Census 2005: A focus on surnames in Malta". nso.gov.mt. 5 June 2006. Retrieved 29 December 2009. 
  37. ^ CASATA.MD: NUME IN REPUBLICA MOLDOVA
  38. ^ "Top 100 last names". Statistics Norway. Retrieved 29 December 2009. 
  39. ^ Ministry of Interior (Poland). Statystyka najpopularniejszych nazwisk występujących w Polsce in 2009 (The most popular surnames in Poland in 2009). Retrieved August 19, 2013.
  40. ^ © 2005 SOCIEDADE PORTUGUESA DE INFORMAÇÃO ECONÓMICA S.A. - SPIE.
  41. ^ Os 100 Apelidos mais frequentes da População Portuguesa
  42. ^ "Cele mai comune nume de familie din Romania, 2013". Retrieved 5 August 2014. 
  43. ^ a b c Балановская Е. В.; Балановский О. П. (2007). Русский генофонд на Русской равнине (in Russian). Moscow. pp. 165–216. ISBN 978-5-87140-267-2.  See also the web version of the list.
  44. ^ Попис становништва, домаћинстава и станова 2011. године у Републици Србији; Посебна публикација: Најчешћа имена и презимена (in Serbian). Statistical Office of the Republic of Serbia. Retrieved 4 May 2013. 
  45. ^ Najčastejšie priezviska na Slovensku
  46. ^ a b c Votruba, Martin. "Most Common Slovak Last Names". Slovak Studies Program. University of Pittsburgh. 
  47. ^ Károly Kocsis (DSc, University of Miskolc) – Zsolt Bottlik (PhD, Budapest University) – Patrik Tátrai: Etnikai térfolyamatok a Kárpát-medence határon túli régióiban, Magyar Tudományos Akadémia (Hungarian Academy of Sciences) – Földrajtudományi Kutatóintézet (Academy of Geographical Studies); Budapest; 2006.; ISBN 963-9545-10-4, CD Atlas
  48. ^ Gyurgyík, László. "An analysis - in a complex approach - of assimilation processes among the Hungarians of Slovakia". Nyelvhatárok, etnikai kontaktuszónák a Kárpát-medence három régiójában. MTA Etnikai-nemzeti Kisebbségkutató Intézet (Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Ethnic and National Minorities). 
  49. ^ "Most frequent family names". stat.si. Retrieved 29 December 2009. 
  50. ^ http://www.ociototal.com/recopila2/r_aficiones/apellidos.html
  51. ^ "Namnstatistik". [3]. 15 September 2013.  External link in |publisher= (help)
  52. ^ "Vanligaste samiska efternamnet utsett". Sveriges Radio (in Swedish). Retrieved August 24, 2016. 
  53. ^ http://archiver.rootsweb.ancestry.com/th/read/SWITZERLAND/1998-05/0895251376
  54. ^ "Most Popular Surnames, 2013" (PDF). Turkish General Directorate of Population and Citizenships. Retrieved 20 July 2014. 
  55. ^ https://sites.google.com/site/uaname/popularnist-prizvis/misca-1---10000 Популярні призвища та імена України
  56. ^ Paediatric-Epidemiology Significance Surnames Paper University College London
  57. ^ Most common surnames in Greater London, UK