List of most expensive paintings

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This is a list of the highest known prices paid for paintings. The earliest sale on the list (Vase with Fifteen Sunflowers by Vincent van Gogh) is from 1987, and more than tripled the previous record price, set only two years before, introducing a new era in top picture prices. The sale was also significant in that for the first time a "modern" painting (in this case from 1888) became the record holder, as opposed to the old master paintings which had always previously held it. The current record price is approximately $300 million paid for Willem de Kooning's Interchange in November 2015, perhaps matched by the sale for "close to $300 million" of Paul Gauguin's When Will You Marry? in February 2015.

Background[edit]

The world's most famous paintings, especially old master works done before 1803, are generally owned or held at museums, for viewing by patrons. The museums very rarely sell them, and as such, they are quite literally priceless. Guinness World Records lists the Mona Lisa as having the highest insurance value for a painting in history. On permanent display at The Louvre museum in Paris, the Mona Lisa was assessed at US$100 million on December 14, 1962. Taking inflation into account, the 1962 value would be around US$780 million in 2015.[1]

The earliest sale on the list below (Vase with Fifteen Sunflowers by Vincent van Gogh) is from March 1987; with a price of £24.75 million (£62.8 million in current value) it tripled the previous record and introduced a new era in top art sales. Before this, the highest absolute price paid for a painting was £8.1 million (£17.8 million in current value) paid by the J. Paul Getty Museum for Mantegna's Adoration of the Magi at Christie's in London on April 18, 1985.[2] In constant dollars, the highest price paid before 1987 was by the National Gallery of Art when in February 1967 they acquired Leonardo da Vinci's Ginevra de' Benci for around $5 million ($35 million in current dollars) from the Princely Family of Liechtenstein. The sale of Van Gogh's Sunflowers was also significant in that for the first time a "modern" (in this case 1888) painting became the record holder, as opposed to the old master paintings which previously had dominated the market. In contrast, there are currently only seven pre-1850 paintings among the top 48 listed.

An exceptional case is graffiti artist David Choe, who accepted payment in shares for painting graffiti art in the headquarters of a fledgling Facebook. While his shares were of limited value when he was awarded them, by the time of Facebook's IPO they were valued at around $200m.[3]

Van Gogh, Picasso, and Warhol[edit]

The Red Vineyard, the only painting Vincent van Gogh sold during his lifetime.

Vincent van Gogh, Pablo Picasso, and Andy Warhol are by far the best represented artists in the list. Whereas Picasso and Warhol became wealthy men, Van Gogh (supposedly) sold only one painting in his lifetime, The Red Vineyard, for 400 francs (about $1800 in 2011) to the impressionist painter and heiress Anna Boch.[4] His seven paintings in the list below alone were sold for over 722 million current dollars.

Interactive graph[edit]

Sale of the Most Expensive Paintings
Sale of the Most Expensive Paintings

List of highest prices paid[edit]

This list is ordered by consumer price index inflation-adjusted value (in bold) in millions of United States dollars in the current year.[note 1] Where necessary, the price is first converted to dollars using the exchange rate at the time the painting was sold. The inflation adjustment may change as recent inflation rates are often revised. A list in another currency may be in a slightly different order due to exchange rate fluctuations. Paintings are only listed once, i.e. for the highest price sold.

Adjusted price
(in millions)
Original price
(in millions)
Painting Image Artist Year Date of sale Rank
at sale
Seller Buyer Auction house
~$300 ~$300 Interchange Willem de Kooning 1955 September 2015 1 or 2
[note 2]
David Geffen Foundation Kenneth C. Griffin Private sale[5]
~$300 ~$300 [note 3] Nafea Faa Ipoipo
(When Will You Marry?)
Paul Gauguin, Nafea Faa Ipoipo? (When Will You Marry?) 1892, oil on canvas, 101 x 77 cm.jpg Paul Gauguin 1892 February 2015 1 or 2
[note 4]
Rudolf Staechelin family Unknown, possibly the State of Qatar Private sale[6]
$272 + $259 + [note 5] The Card Players Paul Cézanne 222.jpg Paul Cézanne 1892/93 April 2011 1 George Embiricos State of Qatar Private sale [7][8][9]
~$200 ~$200 Number 17A Jackson Pollock 1948 September 2015 4 David Geffen Foundation Kenneth C. Griffin Private sale[5]
$186 $186
(€140)
No. 6 (Violet, Green and Red) Mark Rothko 1951 August 2014 2 Cherise Moueix Dmitry Rybolovlev Private sale via
Yves Bouvier [10]
$180 $180
(€160M
for pair)
Pendant portraits of
Maerten Soolmans
and Oopjen Coppit
Pendant portraits of Maerten Soolmans and Oopjen Coppit.jpeg Rembrandt 1634 September 2015 4 Éric de Rothschild Rijksmuseum
Louvre
Private sale
[11]
$179.4 $179.4 Les Femmes d'Alger
("Version O")
Pablo Picasso 1955 May 11, 2015 4 Private collection Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani[12] Christie's, New York.[13]
$170.4 $170.4 Nu Couché Modigliani - Nu couché.jpg Amedeo Modigliani 1917/18 November 9, 2015 6 Laura Mattioli Rossi Liu Yiqian [14] Christie's, New York.[15]
$164.3 $140 No. 5, 1948 Jackson Pollock 1948 November 2, 2006 1 David Geffen David Martinez Private sale via Sotheby's[16]
$161.4 $137.5 Woman III Willem de Kooning 1953 November 18, 2006 2 David Geffen Steven A. Cohen Private sale via Larry Gagosian[17]
$158.5 $135 Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I Gustav Klimt 046.jpg Gustav Klimt 1907 June 18, 2006 1 Maria Altmann Ronald Lauder, Neue Galerie Private sale via Christie's[18]
$157.5 $155 Le Rêve Pablo Picasso 1932 March 26, 2013 5 Steve Wynn Steven A. Cohen Private sale[19]
$149.4 $82.5 Portrait of Dr. Gachet Portrait of Dr. Gachet.jpg Vincent van Gogh 1890 May 15, 1990 1 Siegfried Kramarsky
family
Ryoei Saito[note 6] Christie's, New York
$144.7 $142.4 Three Studies of Lucian Freud Francis Bacon 1969 November 12, 2013 7 [note 7] Elaine Wynn, ex-wife of Steve Wynn[24] Christie's, New York[25]
$141.5 $78.1 Bal du moulin de la Galette
[note 8]
Pierre-Auguste Renoir, Le Moulin de la Galette.jpg Pierre-Auguste Renoir 1876 May 17, 1990 2 Betsey Whitney Ryoei Saito [note 9] Sotheby's, New York
$130.5 $104.2 Garçon à la pipe Garçon à la pipe.jpg Pablo Picasso 1905 May 4, 2004 3 Greentree foundation
(Whitney family)
Barilla Group?[26] Sotheby's, New York[27]
$129.5 $127.5 Salvator Mundi Leonardo da Vinci or Boltraffio (attrib) Salvator Mundi circa 1500.jpg Attributed to
Leonardo da Vinci
1490-1519 May 2013 9 Robert Simon Dmitry Rybolovlev Private sale via
Yves Bouvier[10][28]
$123.6 $119.9 The Scream [note 10] The Scream Pastel.jpg Edvard Munch 1895 May 2, 2012 8 Petter Olsen Leon Black[29] Sotheby's, New York
$122 $118 Reclining Nude With Blue Cushion Amedeo Modigliani 1917 2012 8 Steven A. Cohen Dmitry Rybolovlev Private sale via Yves Bouvier [10]
$119.4 $110.0 Flag [note 11] Jasper Johns 1954 March 2010 7 Jean-Christophe Castelli Steven A. Cohen Private sale, estimated price[30]
$115.5 $106.5 Nude, Green Leaves and Bust Pablo Picasso 1932 May 4, 2010 8 Frances Lasker Brody estate Christie's, New York[31]
$114.5 $58 plus
exchange of
works [note 12]
Portrait of Joseph Roulin Vincent van Gogh - Portrait of Joseph Roulin.jpg Vincent van Gogh 1889 August 1, 1989 1 Private collection, Zürich Museum of Modern Art New York Private sale via
Thomas Ammann,
Fine Art Zurich[32]
$112.3 $53.9 Irises Irises-Vincent van Gogh.jpg Vincent van Gogh 1889 November 11, 1987 1 son of Joan Whitney Payson Alan Bond [note 13] Sotheby's, New York
$111.8 $95.2 Dora Maar au Chat Pablo Picasso 1941 May 3, 2006 5 Gidwitz family Boris Ivanishvili[33] Sotheby's, New York[34]
$109.9 $100.0 Eight Elvises Andy Warhol 1963 October 2008 10 Annibale Berlingieri Possibly the State of Qatar[35][36] Private sale via Philippe Ségalot[37]
$107.4 + $105.7 + [note 14]
(¥10,300)
Anna's Light Barnett Newman 1968 October 4, 2013 18 DIC Corp. Private sale[38][39][40]
$107.1 $105.4 Silver Car Crash (Double Disaster) Andy Warhol 1963 November 13, 2013 20 Sotheby's, New York[41]
$103.8 $71.5 Portrait de l'artiste sans barbe Vincent Willem van Gogh 102.jpg Vincent van Gogh 1889 November 19, 1998 5 Heirs of Jacques Koerfer (de) Christie's, New York
$103.2 $87.9 Adele Bloch-Bauer II Gustav Klimt 047.jpg Gustav Klimt 1912 November 2, 2006 10 Maria Altmann Christie's, New York
$102 $100 La Montagne Sainte-Victoire
vue du bosquet du Château Noir
Sainte-Victoire.jpg Paul Cézanne 1904 2013 [note 15] 20 Edsel and Eleanor Ford House State of Qatar [42] Private sale[43][44]
$100.9 $76.7
(£49.5)
Massacre of the Innocents 0 Le Massacre des Innocents d'après P.P. Rubens - Musées royaux des beaux-arts de Belgique (2).JPG Peter Paul Rubens 1611 July 10, 2002 6 an Austrian family Kenneth Thomson[note 16] Sotheby's, London
$95.4 $95.4 Nurse Roy Lichtenstein 1964 November 9, 2015 30 Christie's, New York.[15]
$94.8 $86.3 Triptych, 1976 Francis Bacon 1976 May 14, 2008 13 Moueix family [46] Roman Abramovich[47] Sotheby's, New York[48]
$94.2 $49.3
(F300)
Les Noces de Pierrette Pablo Picasso 1905 November 30, 1989 3 Fredrik Roos (sv)[49] Tomonori Tsurumaki Binoche et Godeau Paris
$93.9 $80.0 False Start Jasper Johns 1959 October 12, 2006 11 David Geffen Kenneth C. Griffin Private sale via Richard Gray.[50]
$93.4 $57 A Wheatfield with Cypresses Vincent van Gogh - Wheat Field with Cypresses (National Gallery version).jpg Vincent van Gogh 1889 May 1993 6 son of Emil Georg Bührle Walter H. Annenberg [note 17] Private sale via Steven Mazoh
$91.3 $47.8 Yo, Picasso Pablo Picasso 1901 May 9, 1989 2 Wendell Cherry Stavros Niarchos Sotheby's, New York
$91.3 $80.0 Turquoise Marilyn Andy Warhol 1964 May 20, 2007 17 Stefan Edlis Steven A. Cohen Private sale via Larry Gagosian[51]
$90 $70.0 Portrait of Alfonso d'Avalos,
Marquis of Vasto,
in Armor with a Page
Titian - Marchese del Vasto.jpg Titian 1533 November 2003 10 AXA insurance company Getty Museum Private sale via
Hervé Aaron [52][53]
$89.6 $86.9 Orange, Red, Yellow Mark Rothko 1961 May 8, 2012 26 Estate of David Pincus Christie's, New York[54]
$88.5 $80.5
(£40.9)
Le Bassin aux Nymphéas Le bassin aux nymphéas - Claude Monet.jpg Claude Monet 1919 June 24, 2008 20 J. Irwin and Xenia S. Miller Christie's, London[55]
$85.9 $60.5 Rideau, Cruchon et Compotier Paulcezanneart.jpg Paul Cézanne 1894 May 10, 1999 9 Whitney Family [note 18] Sotheby's, New York
$84.1 $84.2 Black Fire I Barnett Newman 1961 May 13, 2014 35 Private Collection Anonymous Christie's, New York.[57]
$83.1 $72.8 White Center (Yellow, Pink
and Lavender on Rose)
Mark Rothko 1950 May 15, 2007 19 David Rockefeller, Sr. Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani [58] Sotheby's, New York[59]
$82.6 $39.7
(£24.75)
Vase with Fifteen Sunflowers Vincent Willem van Gogh 127.jpg Vincent van Gogh 1888 March 30, 1987 1 Helen Beatty,
daughter-in-law of
Chester Beatty
Yasuo Goto, Yasuda Comp. Christie's, London
$81.9 $81.9 Triple Elvis Andy Warhol 1963 November 12, 2014 39 WestSpiel (de) [60] Christie's, New York [61]
$81.9 $81.9 No. 10 Mark Rothko 1958 May 13, 2015 42 Christie's, New York[62][63]
$81.8 $71.7 Green Car Crash
(Green Burning Car I)
Andy Warhol 1963 May 16, 2007 21 Private collection, Zürich Philip Niarchos Christie's, New York[64]
$80.8 $80.8 Three Studies for a
Portrait of John Edwards
Francis Bacon 1984 May 13, 2014 39 Private Collection Anonymous Christie's, New York.[57]
~$79 ~$75
(€50-60) [note 19]
Darmstadt Madonna Darmstadtmadonna.jpg Hans Holbein 1526 July 12, 2011 29 Donatus, Landgrave of Hesse Reinhold Würth Private sale via
Christoph Graf Douglas[65]
$77.9 $70.6
(£50)
Diana and Actaeon

Titian - Diana and Actaeon - 1556-1559.jpg

Titian 1556–1559 February 1, 2009 26 Duke of Sutherland National Galleries of Scotland
& National Gallery, London
Private sale[66][67][68]
$77.7 $40.7 Au Lapin Agile Pablo Picasso, 1905, Au Lapin Agile (At the Lapin Agile), oil on canvas, 99.1 x 100.3 cm, Metropolitan Museum of Art.jpg Pablo Picasso 1904 November 27, 1989 5 daughter of Joan Whitney Payson Walter H. Annenberg Sotheby's, New York
$77.6 $68 The Gross Clinic Thomas Eakins, American - Portrait of Dr. Samuel D. Gross (The Gross Clinic) - Google Art Project.jpg Thomas Eakins 1875 April 12, 2007 21 Thomas Jefferson University Philadelphia Museum of Art Private sale.[69]
$77.4 $75.1 No 1 (Royal Red and Blue) Mark Rothko 1954 November 13, 2012 36 John and Anne Marion Sotheby's, New York[70]
$77.1 $38.5
(£20.9)
Acrobate et jeune arlequin
[note 20]
Pablo Picasso 1905 November 28, 1988 3 Heir of Roger Janssen?
[note 21]
Mitsukoshi Christie's, London
$75.6 $55.0 Femme aux Bras Croisés Pablo Picasso, 1901-02, Femme aux Bras Croisés, Woman with Folded Arms (Madchenbildnis), oil on canvas, 81 × 58 cm (32 × 23 in).jpg Pablo Picasso 1902 November 8, 2000 13 McCormick family, Chicago Christie's, New York[71]
$74.8 $69.0 Nude Sitting on a Divan
("La Belle Romaine")
Amedeo Modigliani 063.jpg Amedeo Modigliani 1917 November 2, 2010 33 Halit Cıngıllıoglu[72] Sotheby's, New York[73]
$74.5 $63.5 Police Gazette[74] Willem de Kooning 1955 October 12, 2006 20 David Geffen Steven A. Cohen Private sale via Richard Gray.[50]
$73.9 $71.7
(£45)
Diana and Callisto TitianDianaCallistoEdinburgh.jpg Titian 1556–1559 March 2, 2012 38 Duke of Sutherland National Galleries of Scotland
& National Gallery, London
Private sale [75]
$70.5 $70.5 Untitled (New York City) Cy Twombly 1968 November 11, 2015 Family of Sydney M. Irmas Christie's, New York [76]
$70.3 $49.5 Femme assise dans un jardin Pablo Picasso 1938 November 10, 1999 13 Heir of Eleanore Saidenberg[77] Sotheby's, New York
$70 $47.5 Peasant Woman Against
a Background of Wheat
Vincent Willem van Gogh 097.jpg Vincent van Gogh 1890 1997 12 Steve Wynn[note 22] Private sale via
Acquavella Galleries Inc.,
New York[79]
$69.6 $69.6 Untitled Cy Twombly 1970 November 12, 2014 54 Nicola del Roscio [60] Christie's, New York [80]
$69.6 $69.6 Four Marlons Andy Warhol 1966 November 12, 2014 54 WestSpiel [60] Christie's, New York [81]
$68.9 $65.5
(¥425.5)
Eagle Standing on Pine Tree[82] Qi Baishi 1946 May 22, 2011 38 Liu Yiqian Hunan TV & Broadcast
Intermediary Co[83]
China Guardian Auctions
$68.8 $63.4 Men in Her Life Andy Warhol 1962 November 8, 2010 37 Jose Mugrabi Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani [84] Phillips de Pury & Company[85]
$67.5 $67.45 La Gommeuse Pablo Picasso - La Gommeuse.jpg Pablo Picasso 1901 November 5, 2015 William I. Koch Sotheby's, New York.[86][87]
$67.4 $67.4 Buste de femme
(Femme à la résille)
Pablo Picasso 1938 May 11, 2015 Steve Wynn Joseph Lau[88] Christie's, New York.[13]
$67.2 $35.2 Portrait of a Halberdier Pontormo (Jacopo Carucci) (Italian, Florentine) - Portrait of a Halberdier (Francesco Guardi?) - Google Art Project.jpg Pontormo 1537 May 31, 1989 5 Chauncey Stillman Getty Museum Christie's, New York
$66.3 $66.3 L’Allée des Alyscamps Van Gogh - Les Alyscamps, Allee in Arles1.jpeg Vincent van Gogh 1888 May 5, 2015 60 Sotheby's, New York[89]
$66.2 $66.2 Untitled Mark Rothko 1952 May 13, 2014 54 Private Collection Anonymous Christie's, New York.[57]
$65.9 $60.0 Suprematist Composition Suprematist Composition - Kazimir Malevich.jpg Kazimir Malevich 1916 November 3, 2008 34 Heirs of Kazimir Malevich Sotheby's, New York[90]
$65.4 $62.1
(¥402.5)
Zhichuan Resettlement[91] ZhichuanResettlement.jpg Wang Meng 1350 June 4, 2011 42 Beijing Poly Auction
$65.1 $65.1 Spring (Le Printemps) Édouard Manet - Jeanne (Spring).jpg Édouard Manet 1881 November 5, 2014 56 Getty Museum Christie's, New York[92]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The wikipedia template uses a yearly average inflation. Using monthly averages gives slightly different numbers, most significantly for paintings sold early or late in a year with significant inflation.
  2. ^ Depending on whether its price exceed that of When Will You Marry?; neither painting's price at sale is definitively known.
  3. ^ Exact price unknown, but described by The New York Times as "close to $300 million."
  4. ^ Depending on whether its price exceed that of The Card Players; neither painting's price at sale is definitively known.
  5. ^ Exact price (even the currency of sale) is not known, with estimates from $259 million to even $300 million
  6. ^ Reportedly, Gachet's portrait was privately resold to a European buyer in 1997 or 1998 for $65-$90 million through Sotheby’s[20][21]
  7. ^ The triptych had probably been reassembled by the Italian collector Francesco De Simone Niquesa, but were resold to a person in the US before 2013[22][23]
  8. ^ This is the small version of the painting; the large version is at Musée d'Orsay.
  9. ^ Privately resold for ca. $50 million through Sotheby’s in 1997.[21]
  10. ^ One of two pastel versions; another two painted versions (and lithography) exist, all created by Munch
  11. ^ Most expensive painting by a living artist
  12. ^ The paintings transferred to the dealers include a late Monet entitled Corona (Water Lilies) from around 1920; Renoir's Reclining Nude of 1902, Kandinsky's Autumn Landscape, Murnau from 1908, and Picasso's Striped Bodice from September 1943.
  13. ^ Alan Bond could not pay off the painting, and Irises was resold (probably for somewhat less) to the Getty Museum.
  14. ^ Price excludes sales commission and other costs.
  15. ^ exact date of sale is not available
  16. ^ Later in 2002, Thomson donated his private collection, including the Rubens, to the Art Gallery of Ontario[45]
  17. ^ Annenberg donated it subsequently to the Metropolitan Museum of Art
  18. ^ Steve Wynn, who bid on the painting at auction, privately acquired the work several months later from the unidentified buyer for an undisclosed, supposedly lower price. Kenneth Griffin acquired it in 2004 from Wynn.[56]
  19. ^ Usually estimated at "over €50 M" or "between 50 and 60 million Euros". $75M would have been €53M on July 12, 2011.
  20. ^ resold for £12m to Stavros Niarchos in 1993
  21. ^ A Belgian banker and collector who bought it in 1939 for $18,000. His was the last name on the 1988 provenance list; painting came from "a private collection in Arizona"
  22. ^ On Oct. 7, 2005, The New York Times reported that Steven Cohen bought van Gogh's "Peasant Woman Against a Background of Wheat" and Gauguin's "Bathers" (1903) from Steve Wynn for approximately $110 million,[78] though guesses range from $100-150 million. One or both of the paintings may thus occur higher on this list.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis Community Development Project. "Consumer Price Index (estimate) 1800–". Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis. Retrieved November 10, 2015. 
  2. ^ William Wilson, Getty Pays $10.5 Million For Painting, New York Times, April 19, 1985
  3. ^ Nick Bilton, "For Founders to Decorators, Facebook Riches," The New York Times, 1/1/12.
  4. ^ "The Red Vineyard Painting at annaboch.com". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  5. ^ a b Kazakina, Katya (February 18, 2016). "Billionaire Griffin Pays $500 Million for Two Paintings". Bloomberg Business. Retrieved February 23, 2016. 
  6. ^ Reyburn, Scott; Carvajal, Doreen (February 5, 2015). "Gauguin Painting Is Said to Fetch Nearly $300 Million". The New York Times. Retrieved February 5, 2015. 
  7. ^ Art Media Agency (AMA), 250 M$, a new record for a painting?, 4 May 2011
  8. ^ Stefan Koldehoff, Welt-online: Das Rätsel vom teuersten Bild aller Zeiten, 31 July 2011 (already mentions Qatar as most likely buyer)
  9. ^ Peers, Alexandra (January 2012). "Qatar Purchases Cézanne's The Card Players for More Than $250 Million, Highest Price Ever for a Work of Art". QuatarSale. Retrieved 2012-02-03. 
  10. ^ a b c Baker, Stephanie (April 27, 2015). "The Billionaire, the Dealer, and the $186 Million Rothko". Bloomberg. 
  11. ^ Rembrandt portraits may come home, The New York Times September 21, 2015
  12. ^ Smith, Emily (20 May 2015). "Buyer of record-setting Picasso painting revealed". Page Six. Retrieved 6 February 2016. 
  13. ^ a b Reyburn, Scott (11 May 2015). "Picasso and Giacometti Artworks Top $120 Million Each at Christie's Sale". New York Times. Retrieved 12 May 2015. 
  14. ^ Qin, Amy (10 November 2015). "Chinese Taxi Driver Turned Billionaire Bought Modigliani Painting". New York Times. Retrieved 10 November 2015. 
  15. ^ a b Pogrebin, Robin; Reyburn, Scott (9 November 2015). "With $170.4 Million Sale at Auction, Modigliani Work Joins Rarefied Nine-Figure Club". New York Times. Retrieved 9 November 2015. 
  16. ^ Carol Vogel, A Pollock Is Sold, Possibly for a Record Price, New York Times, November 2, 2006
  17. ^ Carol Vogel, Landmark De Kooning Crowns Collection, New York Times, November 18, 2006
  18. ^ Carol Vogel, Lauder Pays $135 Million, a Record, for a Klimt Portrait, New York Times, June 19, 2006
  19. ^ Carol Vogel & Peter Lattman, $616 Million Poorer, Hedge Fund Owner Still Buys Art, New York Times, March 26, 2013
  20. ^ "ARTnews: The Most Wanted Works of Art". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  21. ^ a b "artnet: the silent boom". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  22. ^ Crow, Kelly (7 November 2013). "Bringing Home the Bacon". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  23. ^ Swaine, Jon (13 November 2013). "Francis Bacon triptych smashes art auction record". London: Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 14 November 2013. 
  24. ^ Carol Vogel, Buyer of $142.4 Million Bacon Triptych Identified as Elaine Wynn, New York Times, January 15, 2014
  25. ^ Vogel, Carol (November 12, 2013). "Bacon's Study of Freud Sells for $142.4 Million". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved November 13, 2013. 
  26. ^ Claire Foy-Smith, Who buys paintings for $104m?, BBC News Online, 6 May 2004
  27. ^ Lot description and auction details of "Garçon à la pipe" at Sotheby's website.
  28. ^ Reyburn, Scott. Recently Attributed Leonardo Painting Was Sold Privately for Over $75 Million. New York Times. 3 March 2014. [1]
  29. ^ Kelly Crow, An Art Mystery Solved: Mogul Is 'Scream' Buyer, The Wall Street Journal, July 11, 2012
  30. ^ The New York Times Planting a Johns ‘Flag’ in a Private Collection
  31. ^ Picasso piece sets record for art sold at auction, Reuters, May 5, 2010
  32. ^ Kimmelman, Michael: How the MoMA got the Van Gogh, New York Times, 09 October 1989.
  33. ^ Marc Spiegler, he Hunt for the Red Collector, New York Magazine, 22 August 2006.
  34. ^ Lot description and auction details of "Dora Maar au Chat" at Sotheby's website.
  35. ^ Corriere della Sera: Il marchese romano e un Warhol da 100 milioni di dollari
  36. ^ Dan Duray, qatar may have purchased Warhol's 'Eight Elvises', ArtNews 08/07/14
  37. ^ The Pop master's highs and lows, The Economist, 26 November 2009.
  38. ^ DIC Sells 'Anna's Light' Painting For Y10.3bn Gain
  39. ^ Barnett Newman "Anna's Light" (Japanese)
  40. ^ Regarding extraordinary profit associated with the sale of a certain painting owned by the company and revision of its consolidated operating result forecast
  41. ^ Silver Car Crash auction results at Sotheby's
  42. ^ Mark Stryker, Detroit Free Press Staff Writer (5 February 2015). "Qatar bought Ford House's $100-million Cezanne". Detroit Free Press. 
  43. ^ Mark Stryker, Detroit Free Press Staff Writer (19 December 2014). "$100M for Cézanne painting? Ford House couldn't refuse". Detroit Free Press. 
  44. ^ Sarah Cascone (19 December 2014). "Secret $100 Million Cézanne Sale in Detroit - artnet News". artnet News. 
  45. ^ Mr. Kenneth Thomson’s gift to the AGO of his art collection -- the most significant private art collection in Canada – will add 2,000 outstanding works to the Art Gallery of Ontario, archived from the original on 2006-10-08, retrieved 2013-09-02 
  46. ^ Wine Spectator Online: Unfiltered (21 May 2008). "Château Pétrus Makes a Record-Breaking Sale—of Art". 
  47. ^ Cristina Ruiz and Sarah Thornton Roman Abramovich brings home the $86.3m Bacon and the $33.6m Freud, The Art Newspaper, 1 June 2008
  48. ^ Lot description and auction details of "Triptych, 1976" at Sotheby's website.
  49. ^ Judd Tully, Auction; `Blue' Picasso Breaks Record at $51.7 Million, The Washington Post, Dec 1, 1989
  50. ^ a b Carol Vogel, Works by Johns and de Kooning Sell for $143.5 Million, The New york Times, October 12, 2006
  51. ^ Carol Vogel, Inside Art: Buying a Warhol 'Marilyn', New York Times, 25 May 2007
  52. ^ The Getty secures masterpiece portrait by Titian, a November 24, 2003 press release by the Getty Museum
  53. ^ Will Bennett, The $70 million soldier, The Daily Telegraph, 23 February 2004
  54. ^ Mark Rothko painting sets post-war auction record, The Daily Telegraph, 9 May 2012
  55. ^ Lot description and auction details of "Le bassin aux nymphéas" at Christie's website
  56. ^ "ARTnews: Cohen Buys Two Works from Wynn in $120M Deal". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  57. ^ a b c "Post-War and Contemporary Evening Sale - Fine Art Auction - Search Results - Christie's". Retrieved 5 October 2014. 
  58. ^ Thornton, Sarah; Adam, Georgina (May 4, 2008). "Revealed: $72.8m Rockefeller Rothko has gone to Qatar". The Art Newspaper. 
  59. ^ Lot description and auction details of "White Center" at Sotheby's website.
  60. ^ a b c Carol Vogel, A Warhol Leads a Night of Soaring Prices at Christie’s, New York Times Nov 13, 2014
  61. ^ Andy Warhol's "Triple Elvis" auction results at Christie's
  62. ^ [2], Art Market Monitor, 13 May 2015
  63. ^ http://www.christies.com/lotfinder/Paintings/mark-rothko-no-10-5896023-details.aspx
  64. ^ Lot description and auction details of "Green Car Crash" at Christie's website
  65. ^ Greatest German Renaissance Madonna sold by prince, The Art Newspaper, July 15, 2011
  66. ^ Farah Nayeri, U.K. Buys Titian Diana Painting for 50 Million Pounds, Bloomberg, February 2, 2009
  67. ^ Mike Wade, Titian deal paves way for next acquisition, The Sunday Times, 2 February 2009
  68. ^ Funds secured for Titian painting, BBC News, 2 February 2009
  69. ^ Salisbury, Stephan (November 14, 2006), A divisive deal, The Philadelphia Inquirer
  70. ^ No. 1 (Royal Red and Blue at Sotheby's
  71. ^ Lot description and auction details of "Femme aux bras croisés" at Christie's website
  72. ^ Kelly Crow, Sotheby's Sells $68.9 Million Modigliani, Wall Street Journal, November 3, 2010
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