List of most-visited museums

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This article lists the most-visited museums which reported attendance figures for 2021, followed by other museums with large numbers of annual visitors in 2020 and 2019 but no reported 2021 figures. A museum is defined as a building or institution dedicated to the acquisition, care, research, and exhibition of numerous objects that represent the legacy of humankind and its environment.[1] The primary sources are the Art Newspaper annual report on art museum attendance, and the TEA-AECOM Museum Index, published by the Themed Entertainment Association and AECOM consulting firm; as well as national surveys, such as the National Museum Information Survey of the Chinese Government, and the Association of Leading Visitor Attractions (ALVA) in Britain.

Effects of COVID-19 on attendance[edit]

Total attendance at the top twenty museums on the list in 2021 rebounded to 13,433,000, an increase of 70 percent over 2020, but only 33 percent of the total attendance in 2019, before the pandemic.[2]

Criteria for inclusion[edit]

This list includes art museums, history museums, natural history museums, and science museums, but does not include archaeological sites, historical monuments, or many palace museums.[a] This article generally follows that guideline, so the Palace of Versailles, the Kremlin, Peterhof Palace, and Forbidden City are not included, even though these sites include some museum collections. Such palace museums are found in the List of most visited palaces and monuments.

The list also includes the Mevlana Museum, a mausoleum and religious shrine which is classified by the Turkish government as a museum. It does not include Hagia Sophia, which the Turkish government reclassified as a mosque in 2020.

Due to differences in reporting across regions, there is some variation in the time periods for which figures are reported. Unless otherwise noted, figures for North America and continental Europe are calendar year figures, while most figures for Britain and Asia-Pacific are fiscal year figures, from April through March.

Musée du Louvre, Paris, France
National Museum of China, Beijing, China
Russian Museum, St.Petersburg, Russia
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, United States
Uffizi Gallery, Florence, Italy
State Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia
Museo Reina Sofia, Madrid, Spain

List[edit]

Name Country flag, city Visitors per year Year reported
Louvre France Paris 2,825,000 2021[7]
National Museum of China China Beijing 2,378,000 2021[8]
Shanghai Science and Technology Museum China Shanghai 2,368,000 2021 [9]
China Science and Technology Museum China Beijing 2,360,000 2021[10]
Russian Museum Russia Saint Petersburg 2,260,231 2021[11]
Multimedia Art Museum Russia Moscow 2,242,405 2021[12]
Shanghai Natural History Museum China Shanghai 2,166,000 2021[13]
Nanjing Museum China Nanjing 2,034,000 2021[14]
Metropolitan Museum of Art United States New York City 1,958,000 2021[15]
Galleria degli Uffizi Italy Florence 1,721,637 2021[16]
National Gallery of Art United States Washington, D.C. 1,704,606 2021[17]
State Hermitage Museum Russia Saint Petersburg 1,649,443 2021[18]
Museo Reina Sofía Spain Madrid 1,643,000 2021[19]
Vatican Museums Vatican City Vatican City 1,612,530 2021[20]
Tianjin Natural History Museum China Tianjin 1,600,000 2021 [21]
Tretyakov Gallery Russia Moscow 1,580,819 2021[22]
Natural History Museum United Kingdom London 1,571,413 2021[23]
National Museum of Natural Science Taiwan Taichung 1,566,000 2021[24]
Centre Pompidou France Paris 1,501,040 2021[25]
British Museum United Kingdom London 1,327,120 2021[26]
National Taiwan Science Education Center Taiwan Taipei 1,158,000 2021[27]
Museo del Prado Spain Madrid 1,126,875 2021[29]
Musée d'Orsay France Paris 1,044,365 2021[30]
National Museum of Natural History United States Washington, D.C. 982,000 2021[31]
National Air and Space Museum United States Washington, D.C. 972,235 2021[32]
Denver Museum of Nature and Science United States Denver 958,830 2021[33]
London Science Museum United Kingdom London 955,573 2021[34]
Zhejiang Museum China Hangzhou 929,000 2021[35]
Shanghai Museum China Shanghai 880,457 2021[36]
Victoria and Albert Museum United Kingdom London 857,742 2021[37]
National Gallery United Kingdom London 708,924 2021[38]
Royal Museums Greenwich United Kingdom London 686,375 2021[39]
National Museum of Scotland United Kingdom Edinburgh 660,741 2021[40]
Rijksmuseum Netherlands Amsterdam 625,000 2021[41]
National Museum of Anthropology Mexico Mexico City 477,147 2021[42]
National Palace Museum[b] Taiwan Taipei 416,436 2021[43]
National Museum of African-American History and Culture United States Washington, D.C. 392,960 2021[44]
Van Gogh Museum Netherlands Amsterdam 366,359 2021[45]
National Museum of History Mexico Mexico City 331,985 2021[42]
Hunan Museum China Changsha 460,000 2021[46]
National Museum of Nature and Science Japan Tokyo 580,000 2020[47]
Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum Japan Tokyo 510,000 2020[48]
Shaanxi History Museum China Xi'an 1,000,000 2020[49]
Tokyo National Museum Japan Tokyo 725,000 2020[48]
Hubei Provincial Museum China Wuhan 446,000 2020[50]
Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie France Paris 642,416 2020[51]
Centro Cultural Banco do Brasil Brazil Rio de Janeiro 790,357 2020[52]
National Museum of Korea South Korea Seoul 774,000 2020[53]
National Archeological Museum of Naples Italy Naples 670,594 2019[53]
California Science Center United States Los Angeles 271,000 2020[53]
NGV International Australia Melbourne 2,432,883 2019[54]
Chongqing Museum of Natural History China Chongqing 2,624,700 2019[55]
Shenzhen Museum China Shenzhen 3,826,000 2019[55]
Guangdong Museum of Revolutionary History China Guangzhou 4,257,100 2019[55]
Mevlana Museum Turkey Konya 3,464,155 2019[6]
Xi'an Museum China Xi'an 3,420,000 2019[56]
Inner Mongolia Museum China Hohhot 2,361,000 2019[55]
Three Gorges Museum China Chongqing 2,301,900 2019[55]
National Folk Museum of Korea South Korea Seoul 2,286,276 2019[54]
Liaoning Provincial Museum China Shenyang 2,280,000 2019[55]
Chengdu Museum China Chengdu 2,259,000 2019[55]
Guangdong Museum China Guangzhou 2,234,800 2019[55]
Wenzhou Museum China Wenzhou 2,229,900 2019[55]
Suzhou Museum China Suzhou 2,030,000 2019[55]
Jakarta History Museum Indonesia Jakarta 741,487 2019[57]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Some well-attended palace museums are not included in either the Art Newspaper or TEA/AECOM lists, although they are sometimes classified as museums by their respective national cultural agencies. These include Beijing's Palace Museum (which, with 980 buildings and more than 19 million visitors in 2019, was ranked as the most-visited museum by the China Daily News Agency[3]); the Palace of Versailles (8,132,518 visitors in 2018);[4] Peterhof Palace (5,714,700 visitors in 2018), which is formally classified either as a "Дворцо́во-па́рковый анса́мбль, or Palace-Park Ensemble" or as a "Museum-Park Ensemble" by the Russian Ministry of Culture;[5] the Museum of King John III's Palace at Wilanów (3,151,385 visitors in 2018);[4] and Istanbul's Topkapı Palace (2,364,946 visitors in 2019).[6]
  2. ^ Includes only the visitors recorded at the main museum in Taipei, and not visitors recorded at the Southern Branch.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Definition of MUSEUM". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  2. ^ TEA-AECOM Museum index for 2021, published 19 October 2022
  3. ^ "Beijing's Forbidden City ranks most visited museum in the world". China Daily. 5 January 2020. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  4. ^ a b "5 most visited museums". European Group on Museum Statistics. 2018. Retrieved 28 July 2019.
  5. ^ "Музеи. Статистическая информация". Ministry of Culture of Russia. 2019. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Top 10: Turkey's most-visited museums in 2019". Yeni Şafak. 12 February 2020. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
  7. ^ "The Art Newspaper", published March 28, 2022
  8. ^ TEA-AECOM museum Index (October 19, 2022)
  9. ^ TEA-AECOM museum Index (October 19, 2022)
  10. ^ TEA-AECOM Museum Index for 2021, published October 19, 2022)
  11. ^ "The Art Newspaper", published March 28, 2022
  12. ^ "The Art Newspaper", published March 28, 2022
  13. ^ TEA-AECOM Museum Index for 2021, published October 19, 2022
  14. ^ TEA-AECOM Museum Index (October 19, 2022)
  15. ^ "The Art Newspaper", published March 28, 2022
  16. ^ "Tutti i numeri del 2021 delle Gallerie degli Uffizi | le Gallerie degli Uffizi".
  17. ^ "The Art Newspaper", published March 28, 2022
  18. ^ "The Art Newspaper", published March 28, 2022
  19. ^ "The Art Newspaper", published March 28, 2022
  20. ^ "The Art Newspaper", published March 28, 2022
  21. ^ TEA-AECOM Museum Index for 2021, published October 19, 2022
  22. ^ "The Art Newspaper", published March 28, 2022
  23. ^ Association of Leading Visitor Attractions (ALVA), (retrieved 3 April 2022)
  24. ^ TEA-AECOM Museum Index for 2020, published September 2021
  25. ^ "The Art Newspaper", published March 28, 2022
  26. ^ Art Newspaper annual museum survey, 28 March 2021
  27. ^ TEA-AECOM Museum Index for 2021, published October 19, 2022
  28. ^ "The Art Newspaper", published March 28, 2022
  29. ^ "Datos de visitas - Museo Nacional del Prado".
  30. ^ "The Art Newspaper", published March 28, 2022
  31. ^ Smithsonian Newsroom, visitor statistics, retrieved April 5, 2022
  32. ^ Smithsonian Newsroom, visitor statistics, retrieved April 4, 2022. (Includes attendance at Udvar-Hazy Center)
  33. ^ "2021 Gratitude Report. Denver Museum of Nature & Science". Denver Museum of Nature and Science. Retrieved 19 October 2022.
  34. ^ Association of Leading Visitor Attractions (ALVA), (retrieved 3 April 2022)
  35. ^ TEA-AECOM Museum Index for 2021, published October 2022
  36. ^ "The Art Newspaper", published March 28, 2022
  37. ^ Association of Leading Visitor Attractions (ALVA), (retrieved 3 April 2022)
  38. ^ "The Art Newspaper", published March 28, 2022
  39. ^ Association of Leading Visitor Attractions in UK, (retrieved April 4, 2022)
  40. ^ Association of Leading Visitor Attractions in UK, (retrieved April 4, 2022)
  41. ^ The Art Newspaper, March 28, 2022
  42. ^ a b "Estadística de Visitantes" (in Spanish). INAH. Retrieved 6 April 2022.
  43. ^ "Art Newspaper" list of most-visited art museums in 2021, published March 28, 2022
  44. ^ "Art Newspaper", published March 28, 2022
  45. ^ The Art Newspaper, March 28, 2022
  46. ^ "National Museum Annual Report Information System". NCHA.
  47. ^ TEA-AECOM survey, Sept, 2021
  48. ^ a b TEA-AECOM Museum index, published September 2021
  49. ^ TEA-AECOM Museum index, published September 2021
  50. ^ TEA-AECOM Survey published September 2021
  51. ^ Statista, October 9, 2021
  52. ^ The Art Newspaper, March 30, 2021
  53. ^ a b c Annual Report 2019, MANN
  54. ^ a b "Top 100 Art museum attendance". The Art Newspaper. No. 322. April 2020. p. 15.
  55. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "2019年度全国博物馆名录" (PDF) (in Chinese). National Cultural Heritage Administration. 13 May 2020.
  56. ^ TEA-AECOM Museum Index for 2019
  57. ^ "Data Jumlah Pengunjung Museum Berdasarkan Jenis Museum Tahun 2019". jakarta.go.id (in Indonesian). 6 February 2020. Retrieved 8 April 2022.