List of most visited museums

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This article lists museums with more than two million annual visitors reported in the most recent surveys of museum attendance. A museum is defined as a building or institution dedicated to the acquisition, care, research, and exhibition of numerous objects that represent the legacy of humankind and its environment.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7]

Criteria for inclusion[edit]

Major sources for this list are the Art Newspaper's annual exhibition and museum visitor figures, which includes only art museums, and the TEA/AECOM Museum Index. The research for the Museum Index is conducted by the consulting firm AECOM, a Fortune 500 consulting company. The list includes art museums, history museums, natural history museums, and science museums, but does not include archaeological sites or historical monuments, and many palace museums.[a] This list generally follows that guideline, so the Palace of Versailles, Peterhof Palace, and Forbidden City are not included. Though these sites include some museum collections, they are found in the List of most visited palaces and monuments. The list also incudes one site, the Mevlana Museum, a mausoleum and religious shrine which is ranked by the Turkish government as a museum. However, it does not include the Hagia Sofia mosque, recently classified as a museum by the Turkish government.

Musée du Louvre, Paris, France.
National Museum of China, Beijing, China.
Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York City, United States.
Vatican Museums, Vatican City.
Smithsonian Air and Space Museum, Washington, D.C., United States
Tate Modern, London, United Kingdom
British Museum, London, United Kingdom
National Gallery, London, United Kingdom

List[edit]

Museums by number of visitors per year
Name Country flag, city Visitors per year Year reported
Louvre France Paris 10,200,000 2018[11]
National Museum of China China Beijing 8,610,092 2018[12]
Metropolitan Museum of Art[b] United States New York City 6,953,927 2018[12]
Vatican Museums Vatican City Vatican City 6,756,186 2018[12]
National Air and Space Museum United States Washington, D.C. 6,200,000 2018[11]
Tate Modern United Kingdom London 5,868,562 2018[12]
British Museum United Kingdom London 5,829,000 2018[12]
National Gallery United Kingdom London 5,735,831 2018[12]
Natural History Museum United Kingdom London 5,226,000 2018[11]
American Museum of Natural History United States New York City 5,000,000 2018[11]
National Museum of Natural History United States Washington, D.C. 4,800,000 2018[11]
National Gallery of Art United States Washington, D.C. 4,404,212 2018[12]
China Science and Technology Museum China Beijing 4,400,000 2018[11]
State Hermitage Museum Russia Saint Petersburg 4,294,000 2018[11]
Zhejiang Museum China Hangzhou 4,200,000 2018[11]
Victoria and Albert Museum United Kingdom London 3,967,566 2018[12]
Reina Sofía Spain Madrid 3,898,309 2018[12]
National Palace Museum[c] Taiwan Taipei 3,860,644 2018[13]
National Museum of American History United States Washington, D.C. 3,800,000 2018[11]
Nanjing Museum China Nanjing 3,670,000 2018[11]
Hunan Museum China Changsha 3,600,000 2018[11]
Centre Pompidou France Paris 3,551,544 2018[12]
Shanghai Science and Technology Museum China Shanghai 3,540,000 2018[11]
Gansu Provincial Museum China Lanzhou 3,500,000 2018[11]
National Museum of Korea South Korea Seoul 3,300,000 2018[11]
London Science Museum United Kingdom London 3,286,000 2018[11]
Musée d'Orsay France Paris 3,175,000 2018[11]
Somerset House United Kingdom London 3,143,626 2018[12]
National Museum of Natural Science Taiwan Taichung 2,963,857 2018[13]
Museo del Prado Spain Madrid 2,893,000 2018[11]
Moscow Kremlin Museums Russia Moscow 2,867,295 2018[12]
Chongqing Museum of Natural History China Chongqing 2,830,000 2018[11]
Mevlana Museum Turkey Konya 2,817,386 2018[10]
Shaanxi History Museum China Xi'an 2,800,000 2018[11]
Tokyo Metropolitan Art Museum Japan Tokyo 2,787,770 2018[12]
Chengdu Museum [zh] China Chengdu 2,780,000 2018[11]
Museum of Modern Art United States New York City 2,774,103 2018[12]
National Art Center Japan Tokyo 2,717,565 2018[12]
National Museum of History Mexico Mexico City 2,661,615 2018[14]
Royal Museums Greenwich United Kingdom London 2,549,833 2018[15]
National Museum of Nature and Science Japan Tokyo 2,460,000 2018[11]
National Museum of Anthropology Mexico Mexico City 2,596,725 2018[14]
NGV International Australia Melbourne 2,565,474 2018[12]
China Art Museum China Shanghai 2,550,000 2018[11]
California Science Center United States Los Angeles 2,520,000 2018[11]
Tokyo National Museum Japan Tokyo 2,431,073 2018[12]
National Museum of African American History and Culture United States Washington, D.C. 2,400,000 2018[11]
Suzhou Museum China Suzhou 2,340,000 2018[11]
Houston Museum of Natural Science United States Houston 2,313,000 2018[11]
Donald W. Reynolds Center for American Art and Portraiture United States Washington D.C. 2,304,404 2018[12]
China Art Museum Shanghai 2,300,000 2018[11]
Rijksmuseum Netherlands Amsterdam 2,300,000 2018[11]
Three Gorges Museum China Chongqing 2,240,000 2018[11]
Cité des Sciences et de l'Industrie France Paris 2,231,000 2018[11]
Galleria degli Uffizi Italy Florence 2,230,914 2018[12]
National Museum of Scotland United Kingdom Edinburgh 2,227,773 2018[12]
Russian Museum Russia Saint Petersburg 2,192,200 2018[16]
Van Gogh Museum Netherlands Amsterdam 2,161,160 2018[12]
Tretyakov Gallery Russia Moscow 2,148,538 2018[12]
Shanghai Museum Shanghai 2,111,730 2018[12]
Auschwitz-Birkenau Memorial and Museum Poland Oświęcim 2,100,000 2018[11]
National Folk Museum of Korea Seoul 2,054,719 2018[12]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Some well-attended palace museums are not included in either publication, although they are sometimes classified as museums by their respective national cultural agencies. These include Beijing's Forbidden City (which, with more than 17 million visitors in 2018, was ranked as the most-visited museum by the China Daily News Agency[8]); Peterhof Palace (5,714,700 visitors in 2018), which is formally classified either as a "Дворцо́во-па́рковый анса́мбль, or Palace-Park Ensemble" or as a "Museum-Park Ensemble" by the Russian Ministry of Culture;[9] the Museum of King John III's Palace at Wilanów (3,279,889 visitors in 2017); and Istanbul's Topkapı Palace (2,980,450 visitors in 2018).[10]
  2. ^ Includes visitors at the main Metropolitan Museum of Art and the Met Cloisters, but not the 398,922 visitors recorded at the Met Breuer.[12]
  3. ^ Includes only the visitors recorded at the main museum in Taipei, and not the 991,666 visitors recorded at the Southern Branch.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Definition of MUSEUM". www.merriam-webster.com. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  2. ^ "Museum Definition - ICOM". icom.museum. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  3. ^ "MUSEUM | definition in the Cambridge English Dictionary". dictionary.cambridge.org. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  4. ^ "museum | Definition of museum in English by Oxford Dictionaries". Oxford Dictionaries | English. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  5. ^ "Museum definition and meaning | Collins English Dictionary". www.collinsdictionary.com. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  6. ^ "museum | Definition, History, Types, & Operation". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  7. ^ "museum (noun) American English definition and synonyms | Macmillan Dictionary". www.macmillandictionary.com. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  8. ^ "Beijing's Forbidden City ranks most visited museum in the world". China Daily. 18 December 2018. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  9. ^ "Музеи. Статистическая информация". Ministry of Culture of Russia. 2019. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  10. ^ a b "Most visited museums in Turkey". Deema Tourism and International Trade. 22 January 2019. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae "TEA/AECOM 2018 Theme Index and Museum Index Report" (PDF). May 2019.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y "Art's most popular: Exhibition and museum visitor figures 2018" (PDF). The Art Newspaper. April 2019.
  13. ^ a b "Visitors to the Principal Tourist Spots in Taiwan, January-December 2018". Tourism Bureau, MOTC. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  14. ^ a b "Estadística de Visitantes" (in Spanish). INAH. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  15. ^ "2018 Visitor Figures". Association of Leading Visitor Attractions. Retrieved 5 June 2019.
  16. ^ "Рейтинг музеев – 2019: как российские музеи борются за посещаемость" (in Russian). The Art Newspaper Russia. 14 May 2019. Retrieved 13 June 2019.