List of motifs on banknotes

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This is a list of current motifs on the banknotes of different countries. The customary design of banknotes in most countries is a portrait of a notable citizen on the front (or obverse) and a different motif on the back (or reverse) - often something relating to that person. One exception to this is the euro banknotes, where non-existent architectural structures have been chosen to avoid the impression of a national bias. Even though most banknotes have more than one motif on each side, only the main motifs are described here.


The official currency of Albania is the Albanian lek (ALL). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
ALL 100 Fan S. Noli First Albanian Parliament building
ALL 200 Naim Frashëri Birthplace of Naim Frashëri
ALL 500 Ismail Qemali Vlorë independence building
ALL 1,000 Pjetër Bogdani Church of Vau
ALL 2,000 Gentius Amphitheatre at Butrinto (near Saranda), yellow gentian (Gentiana lutea)
ALL 5,000 Skanderbeg Krujë Castle


The official currency of Argentina is the Argentine peso (ARS). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
ARS 1 Carlos Pellegrini
(not currently in use, replaced by the 1 peso coin)
Argentine National Congress
ARS 2 Bartolomé Mitre Mitre Museum
ARS 5 José de San Martín Cerro de la Gloria, Mendoza
ARS 10 Manuel Belgrano National Flag Memorial
ARS 20 Juan Manuel de Rosas Battle of Vuelta de Obligado
ARS 50 Domingo Faustino Sarmiento Casa de Gobierno
ARS 100 Julio Argentino Roca Campaña del Desierto
ARS 100 María Eva Duarte de Perón Ara Pacis


The official currency of Australia is the Australian dollar (AUD). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
AUD 5 Queen Elizabeth II Parliament House
AUD 5 Henry Parkes Catherine Helen Spence (Centenary of Federation commemorative note)
AUD 10 A. B. 'Banjo' Paterson Mary Gilmore
AUD 20 Mary Reibey John Flynn
AUD 50 David Unaipon Edith Cowan
AUD 100 Dame Nellie Melba Sir John Monash


Obverse of a 100 Brazilian real banknote

The official currency of Brazil is the Brazilian real (BRL). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
BRL 2 The Republic's Effigy Hawksbill turtle
BRL 5 The Republic's Effigy Great egret
BRL 10 The Republic's Effigy Greenwing macaw
BRL 20 The Republic's Effigy Golden lion tamarin
BRL 50 The Republic's Effigy Jaguar
BRL 100 The Republic's Effigy Dusky grouper


The official currency of Canada is the Canadian dollar (CAD). The motifs used on the Frontier Series, the most recent banknotes of the Canadian dollar released by the Bank of Canada, are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
CAD 5 Wilfrid Laurier Canadarm 2 (multifunction robotic arm) and Dextre (Special Purpose Dexterous Manipulator - SPDM), astronaut in space
CAD 10 John A. Macdonald The Canadian (transcontinental passenger train from Montreal to Vancouver), mountains
CAD 20 Queen Elizabeth II Canadian National Vimy Memorial
CAD 50 William Lyon Mackenzie King CCGS Amundsen
CAD 100 Robert Borden Medical research, electrocardiogram track pattern, strand of DNA, woman at a microscope, bottle of insulin

China, People's Republic of[edit]

The official currency of China is the Chinese yuan (CNY). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
CNY 1 Mao Zedong Three Pools Mirroring the Moon at West Lake
CNY 5 Mao Zedong Mount Tai
CNY 10 Mao Zedong Three Gorges of the Yangtze River
CNY 20 Mao Zedong Scenery of Guilin
CNY 50 Mao Zedong Potala Palace
CNY 100 Mao Zedong Great Hall of the People


The official currency of Colombia is the Colombian peso (COP). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
COP 1000 Jorge Eliécer Gaitán (face) Jorge Eliécer Gaitán (body until the chest) and a crowd
COP 2000 Francisco de Paula Santander The door of the Casa de la moneda
COP 5000 José Asunción Silva Hacienda El Paraiso, from Maria
COP 10,000 Policarpa Salavarrieta Guaduas main plaza
COP 20,000 Julio Garavito Armero The Moon, a reference to the Garavito Crater
COP 50,000 Jorge Isaacs A paragraph of La María


The official currency of Croatia is the Croatian kuna (HRK). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
HRK 5 Fran Krsto Frankopan and ban Petar Zrinski Castle in Varaždin (mirrored)
HRK 10 Juraj Dobrila Arena in Pula
HRK 20 Ban Josip Jelačić Castle of the Eltz family in Vukovar and Vučedol Dove
HRK 50 Ivan Gundulić Dubrovnik
HRK 100 Viceroy (ban) Ivan Mažuranić Church of Saint Vitus in Rijeka
HRK 200 Stjepan Radić Building of the High military command in the Austrian fortress Tvrđa in Osijek
HRK 500 Marko Marulić Diocletian's Palace in Split
HRK 1000 Ante Starčević Statue of the medieval king Tomislav and Zagreb cathedral in Zagreb

Czech Republic[edit]

The official currency of Czech Republic is the Czech koruna (CZK). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
CZK 20 Ottokar I. of Bohemia Crown and Seal of Ottokar I. of Bohemia (withdrawed to 31.8.2008)
CZK 50 Saint Agnes of Bohemia St. Salvator's Church ceiling (part of Convent of St. Agnes of Bohemia in Prague) and ornamental letter A (withdrawed to 31.3.2011)
CZK 100 Charles IV Seal of Charles University in Prague
CZK 200 John Amos Comenius Orbis Pictus, an adult's hand passing to a child's hand
CZK 500 Božena Němcová Laureate woman symbolizing all woman characters in Němcová's books
CZK 1000 František Palacký Eagle spread its wings over the Archbishop's Castle in Kroměříž, where a constitution preparing parliament of Austrian Empire was held in 1848
CZK 2000 Emmy Destinn Euterpe and musical motifs like violin
CZK 5000 Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk Gothic and Baroque buildings in Prague, in centre dominating St. Vitus Cathedral


The official currency of Denmark is the Danish krone (DKK). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
DKK 50 Sallingsund Bridge Skarpsalling vessel
DKK 100 Little Belt Bridge Hindsgavl dagger
DKK 200 Knippelsbro Langstrup belt plate
DKK 500 Queen Alexandrine Bridge Keldby bronze pail
DKK 1000 Great Belt Bridge Trundholm Sun Chariot


The official currency of Egypt is the Egyptian pound (EGP). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
LE 1 the Mosque of Sultan Qaitbay a part of the facade of Abu Simbel Temple
LE 5 Mosque of Ibn Tulun جامع أحمد بن طولون, in Cairo the River Nile bestowing its blessing on the Valley
LE 10 Al Rifa'i Mosque جامع الرفاعى ,in Cairo A statue of Khafre الملك خفرع
LE 20 Mosque of Muhammad Ali جامع محمد على at the Citadel, Cairo relief pharaonic drawings on one of the pillars of Sesostris I Temple
LE 50 Abu Hariba Mosque an inside view of Edfu Temple
LE 100 Mosque-Madrassa of Sultan Hassan جامع السلطان حسن, in Cairo head of the Sphinx statue
LE 200 Mosque of Qanybay El-Rammah The Seated Scribe


Carl Robert Jakobson on the obverse side of the 500 EEK banknote.

The former currency of Estonia was the Estonian kroon (EEK). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
EEK 1 Kristjan Raud Toompea Castle in Tallinn
EEK 2 Karl Ernst von Baer University of Tartu
EEK 5 Paul Keres The Narva river and the Jaanilinn stronghold
EEK 10 Jakob Hurt The Tamme-Lauri oak at Urvaste
EEK 25 Anton Hansen Tammsaare A view of Vargamäe
EEK 50 Rudolf Tobias The Estonia Opera House in Tallinn
EEK 100 Lydia Koidula Baltic Klint
EEK 500 Carl Robert Jakobson A barn swallow flying over a landscape

Euro area (EU)[edit]

The 5 euro note of the Europa series.

The official currency of the 19 Eurozone countries (and a number of other territories) is the euro (EUR). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
EUR 5 Classical gateway Classical bridge
EUR 10 Romanesque gateway Romanesque bridge
EUR 20 Gothic windows Gothic bridge
EUR 50 Renaissance windows Renaissance bridge
EUR 100 Baroque/Rococo gateway Baroque/Rococo bridge
EUR 200 Art Nouveau windows Art Nouveau bridge
EUR 500 Modern windows Modern bridge


The official currency of Hungary is the Hungarian forint (HUF). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
HUF 200 Charles I Diósgyőr Castle
HUF 500 Francis II Rákóczi Sárospatak Castle
HUF 1000 King Matthias Corvinus Hercules Fountain in Visegrád
HUF 2000 Gábor Bethlen Bethlen and his scientists
HUF 5000 Count István Széchenyi Széchenyi Mansion in Nagycenk
HUF 10,000 King Stephen I of Hungary Esztergom
HUF 20,000 Ferenc Deák The old House of Commons in Pest (today: Italian Cultural Institute)


The official currency of Iceland is the Icelandic króna (ISK). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
ISK 500 Jón Sigurðsson Reykjavík grammar school
ISK 1000 Brynjólfur Sveinsson Brynjólfskirkja
ISK 2000 Jóhannes S. Kjarval Painting and drawing by Karval
ISK 5000 Ragnheiður Jónsdóttir Laufáskirkja altar cloth
ISK 10,000 Jónas Hallgrímsson Eurasian golden plover


The official currency of India is the Indian rupee (INR). Currently the Reserve Bank of India issues the Mahatma Gandhi series banknotes. The motifs used in it are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
INR 5 Mahatma Gandhi Tractor
INR 10 Mahatma Gandhi Rhinoceros, elephant, tiger
INR 20 Mahatma Gandhi Palm trees
INR 50 Mahatma Gandhi Parliament of India
INR 100 Mahatma Gandhi Himalaya Mountains
INR 500 Mahatma Gandhi Dandi March
INR 1000 Mahatma Gandhi Economy of India


The official currency of Indonesia is the Indonesian Rupiah (IDR). The motifs used are:

Obverse of The New Rupiah banknotes
Denomination Obverse Reverse
IDR 1000 Kapitan Pattimura Maitara and Tidore Islands, with fishermen on a boat
IDR 2000 Antasari, Prince of Banjar Dayak Dancers
IDR 5000 Tuanku Imam Bonjol Songket weaver, Tanah Datar, West Sumatra
IDR 10,000 Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II The traditional Limas House of Palembang, South Sumatra
IDR 20,000 Oto Iskandar Di Nata Tea Plantation, West Java
IDR 50,000 I Gusti Ngurah Rai Beratan Lake, Bali
IDR 100,000 The First Indonesian President, Soekarno and The First Indonesian Vice President, Moh. Hatta Indonesian Parliament Building


The official currency of Iran is the Iranian rial (IRRRialsymbol.svg). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
IRR 100 Ayatollah Modarres Old building of Islamic Consultative Assembly
IRR 200 Jame' Mosque of Yazd Jahad-e Sazandegi (جهاد سازندگی)
IRR 500 Friday prayers University of Tehran main entrance
IRR 1000 Ruhollah Khomeini Dome of the Rock
IRR 2000 Ruhollah Khomeini Kaaba
IRR 5000 Ruhollah Khomeini traditional decorative birds and flowers pattern
IRR 5000 Ruhollah Khomeni OMID satellite, Safir 2 rocket, globe with the marked territory of Iran
IRR 5000 Ruhollah Khomeni Pottery of Zabol (Eastern Iran)
IRR 10,000 Ruhollah Khomeini Mount Damavand
IRR 20,000 Ruhollah Khomeini Naqsh-e Jahan Square
IRR 50,000 Ruhollah Khomeini Map of Iran with Atom symbol, quote in Persian from the prophet Mohammed, and "Persian Gulf" in English
IRR 100,000 Ruhollah Khomeini Saadi's Mausoleum in Shiraz


Obverse of a 1984 series 1000 Japanese yen banknote

The official currency of Japan is the Japanese yen (JPY). The motifs used are:

1984 Series (Series D):

Denomination Obverse Reverse
JPY 1000 Natsume Soseki Pair of Cranes
JPY 5000 Nitobe Inazo Mt. Fuji, Lake Motosuko and Cherry blossoms
JPY 10,000 Fukuzawa Yukichi Pair of Pheasants

2000 Special (Series D):

Denomination Obverse Reverse
JPY 2000 'shurei no mon' (the Gate of Shurei) scene from 'Genji Monogatari' (the Tale of Genji). On lower right is a portrait of the writer, Murasaki Shikibu from 1000 years ago.

2004 Series (Series E):

Denomination Obverse Reverse
JPY 1000 Noguchi Hideyo Mt. Fuji, Lake Motosuko and Cherry blossoms
JPY 5000 Higuchi Ichiyō "Kakitsubata-zu" (Painting of Irises, a work by Ogata Korin)
JPY 10,000 Fukuzawa Yukichi Statue of hōō (phoenix) from Byōdō-in Temple


Banknotes of the Jersey pound (JEP) are issued in Jersey. The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
JEP 1 Queen Elizabeth II St. Helier Parish Church
(commemorative showing Mont Orgueil also in circulation)
JEP 5 Queen Elizabeth II La Corbière lighthouse
JEP 10 Queen Elizabeth II The Death of Major Pierson, Battle of Jersey
JEP 20 Queen Elizabeth II St. Ouen's manor
JEP 50 Queen Elizabeth II Government House

Korea, South[edit]

Obverse side of a South Korean note of 50,000 won

The official currency of South Korea is the South Korean Won (KRW). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
KRW 1000 Yi Hwang
Dosan Seowon (Kyesang Jeonggeodo)
KRW 5000 Yi I
KRW 10,000 King Sejong the Great
Honcheonsigye, Cheonsang Yeolcha Bunyajido
KRW 50,000 Shin Saimdang Poongjukdo


500litas banknote (obverse and reverse)

The former currency of Lithuania is the Lithuanian litas (LTL). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
LTL 1 (no longer in print) Žemaitė Wooden church of Palūšė
LTL 2 (no longer in print) Motiejus Valančius Trakai Island Castle
LTL 5 (no longer in print) Jonas Jablonskis Sculpture "Vargo mokykla" (School of Hardship) by Petras Rimša
LTL 10 Steponas Darius and Stasys Girėnas Lituanica flying over the Atlantic Ocean
LTL 20 Maironis Vytautas the Great War Museum and its carillon tower, the Statue of Liberty in Kaunas
LTL 50 Jonas Basanavičius Vilnius Cathedral and its belfry, Monument to Grand Duke Gediminas, Gediminas Tower and the Hill of Three Crosses
LTL 100 Simonas Daukantas Vilnius Old Town: Vilnius University and the Church of St. Johns
LTL 200 Vydūnas Lighthouse in Klaipėda
LTL 500 Vincas Kudirka Loops of the Neman River


Obverse of a MYR 50 banknote.
Reverse of a MYR 50 banknote.

The official currency of Malaysia is the Malaysian ringgit (MYR). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
MYR 1 Tuanku Abdul Rahman Cultural & Tourism Industry
MYR 2 Tuanku Abdul Rahman Telecomunication Industry
MYR 5 Tuanku Abdul Rahman ICT Technology
MYR 10 Tuanku Abdul Rahman Transportation Industry
MYR 50 Tuanku Abdul Rahman Petrochemical industry
MYR 100 Tuanku Abdul Rahman Heavy Industry

2012 version

Denomination Obverse Reverse
MYR 1 Tuanku Abdul Rahman Wau bulan
MYR 5 Tuanku Abdul Rahman Rhinoceros hornbill
MYR 10 Tuanku Abdul Rahman Rafflesia
MYR 20 Tuanku Abdul Rahman Hawksbill and leatherback turtle
MYR 50 Tuanku Abdul Rahman Malaysia's first Prime Minister, Tunku Abdul Rahman Putra Al-Haj, Agriculture Industry
MYR 100 Tuanku Abdul Rahman Mount Kinabalu and pinnacles rock formations of Gunung Api valley

New Zealand[edit]

The official currency of New Zealand is the New Zealand Dollar (NZD). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
NZD 5 Sir Edmund Hillary
Aoraki/Mount Cook
Hoiho (yellow-eyed penguin)
NZD 10 Kate Sheppard
White camellia flowers
Whio (blue duck)
NZD 20 Queen Elizabeth II
New Zealand Parliament Buildings
Karearea (New Zealand falcon)
NZD 50 Sir Apirana Ngata
Porourangi Meeting House
Kōkako (blue wattled crow)
NZD 100 Lord Rutherford of Nelson
Nobel Prize medal
Mohua (yellowhead)


The official currency of Norway is the Norwegian krone (NOK). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
NOK 50 Peter Chr. Asbjørnsen Water lilies
NOK 100 Kirsten Flagstad Norwegian National Opera
NOK 200 Kristian Birkeland Northern lights
NOK 500 Sigrid Undset Wreath
NOK 1000 Edvard Munch Sun (painting by Munch)


The official currency of Pakistan is the Pakistani rupee (PKR). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
PKR 5 M. Ali Jinnah Gwadar Sea Port, Gawadar, Balochistan.
PKR 10 M. Ali Jinnah Entrance to the Khyber Pass, Khyber Agency, FATA.
PKR 20 M. Ali Jinnah Mohenjo-daro near Larkana
PKR 50 M. Ali Jinnah Karakoram 2 (K2) mountain in Gilgit Baltistan
PKR 100 M. Ali Jinnah Quaid-e-Azam's Residency in Ziarat
PKR 500 M. Ali Jinnah Badshahi Mosque in Lahore
PKR 1000 M. Ali Jinnah Islamia College Peshawar in Peshawar
PKR 5000 M. Ali Jinnah Shah Faisal Mosque in Islamabad


Obverse of a 1000 Paraguayan guaraní banknote.

The official currency of Paraguay is the Paraguayan guaraní (PYG). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
PYG 1000 Francisco Solano López Oratorio de la Virgen de la Asunción
and Panteón Nacional de los Héroes
PYG 2000 Adela and Celsa Speratti Parade with flags
PYG 5000 Carlos Antonio López Palacio de los López
PYG 10,000 José Gaspar Rodríguez de Francia Historical scene from 1811
PYG 20,000 Paraguayan woman Central Bank of Paraguay building in Asunción
PYG 50,000 Paraguayan soldier Casa de la Independencia
PYG 50,000 (2007 version) Agustín Pío Barríos Guitar labeled "Mangore"
PYG 100,000 Roque González de Santa Cruz The Itaipu Dam


The official currency of Peru is the Peruvian nuevo sol (PEN). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse
PEN 10 José Abelardo Quiñones Gonzáles
PEN 20 Raúl Porras Barrenechea
PEN 50 Abraham Valdelomar Pinto
PEN 100 Jorge Basadre Grohmann
PEN 200 Saint Rose of Lima


The official currency of the Philippines is the Philippine peso (PHP). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
PHP 5 Emilio Aguinaldo Scene from the Philippine Declaration of Independence
PHP 10 Apolinario Mabini Barasoain Church
PHP 10 (Centennial Series) Apolinario Mabini and Andres Bonifacio Barasoain Church and the initiation rites of the Katipunan
PHP 20 Manuel L. Quezon, Declaration of Filipino as the national language, Malacañan Palace Banaue Rice Terraces, palm civet, Cordilleras weave design
PHP 50 Sergio Osmeña, First Philippine Assembly, Leyte Landing Taal Lake in Batangas, giant trevally, Batangas embroidery design
PHP 100 Manuel A. Roxas, Old BSP building in Intramuros, Manila, Inauguration of the Third Philippine Republic Mayon Volcano in Albay, Whale shark, Bicol textile design
PHP 200 Diosdado P. Macapagal, EDSA People Power 2001, Aguinaldo Shrine in Kawit, Cavite, Barasoain Church in Malolos, Bulacan, the swearing-in of Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo as president Chocolate Hills in Bohol, Philippine tarsier, Visayas weave design
PHP 500 Corazon C. Aquino, Benigno S. Aquino, Jr., EDSA People Power I, Benigno Aquino monument in Makati City Subterranean Underground River in Puerto Princesa, Palawan, blue-naped parrot, Southern Philippines cloth design
PHP 1000 José Abad Santos, Vicente Lim, Josefa Llanes Escoda; Centennial celebration of Philippine independence; Medal of Honor, which was awarded to Abad Santos, Lim, and Escoda Tubbataha Reefs Natural Park in Sulu Sea, South Sea pearl, Mindanao design for Tinalak (Ikat-dyed abaca)


The official currency of Poland is the Polish złoty (PLN). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
PLN 10 Mieszko I Silver coin from the reign of Mieszko I
PLN 20 Boleslaus I the Brave Silver coin from the reign of Boleslaus I
PLN 50 Casimir III the Great Eagle from the royal seal of Casimir III
PLN 100 Wladislaus II Jagiełło Eagle from the tombstone of Wladislaus II
PLN 200 Sigismund I the Old Eagle from the Sigismund Chapel, Wawel Hill


The official currency of Romania is the Romanian leu (RON). The motifs used are:

One leu banknote obverse
Two hundred lei banknote obverse. The newest banknote.
Five hundred lei banknote obverse
Denomination Obverse Reverse
RON 1 Nicolae Iorga (1871–1940), Coat of arms of Romania at top left Curtea de Argeş Cathedral at center-left, the Flag and coat of arms of Wallachia|Wallachian eagle at left
RON 5 George Enescu (1881–1955), Coat of arms of Romania at top left Romanian Athenaeum concert hall at left, A fragment of the score of the Enescu's opera King Oedipus above. A musician's piano at centre right.
RON 10 Nicolae Grigorescu (1838–1907, Hollyhock flower, an artist's palette and paintbrush Nicolae Grigorescu's painting "Rodica"
RON 50 Aurel Vlaicu (1882–1913), A mountain flower edelweiss, an aircraft propeller, Coat of arms of Romania at top left Mountain eagle head, "Vlaicu II" aircraft design and "Gnome" engine sketch
RON 100 Ion Luca Caragiale (1852–1912), Comedy masks and a violet flower Old building of the Bucharest National Theatre, Caragiale's statue at left
RON 200 Lucian Blaga (1895–1961), Coat of arms of Romania at top left, poppies A watermill and the Hamangia Thinker
RON 500 Mihai Eminescu (1850–1889), Lime tree blossoms, a quill and an inkpot Timpul newspaper, University Library in Iaşi


Obverse of a 1000 Russian ruble banknote

The official currency of Russia is the Russian ruble (RUB). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
RUB 10 Krasnoyarsk, cathedral Krasnoyarsk hydroelectric plant
RUB 50 Sculpture from Rostral Column Former stock exchange building
RUB 100 Sculpture from Bolshoi Theatre The Bolshoi Theatre
RUB 500 Peter the Great, port Solovetsky Monastery
RUB 1000 Yaroslav the Wise Church of the Precursor
RUB 5000 Nikolay Muravyov-Amursky Bridge of Amur


Nikola Tesla on the observe side of the 100 dinara banknote.

The official currency of Serbia is the Serbian dinar (RSD). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
RSD 10 Vuk Stefanović Karadžić First Slavic Congress in Prague
RSD 20 Petar II Petrović Njegoš Njegoš' figure, Mount Lovćen
RSD 50 Stevan Stojanović Mokranjac Motif from Mokranjac's musical score
RSD 100 Nikola Tesla Tesla's electro-magnetic induction engine
RSD 200 Nadežda Petrović Gračanica monastery
RSD 500 Jovan Cvijić Stylized ethnic motifs
RSD 1000 Ðorđe Vajfert Interior of National Bank of Serbia building
RSD 2000 Milutin Milanković Sun's disk; fragment of Milanković’s work
RSD 5000 Slobodan Jovanović Interior of Serbian Parliament

South Africa[edit]

The official currency of South Africa is the South African rand (ZAR). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
ZAR 10 Rhinoceros Agriculture
ZAR 10 Nelson Mandela Rhinoceros
ZAR 20 Elephant Mining
ZAR 20 Nelson Mandela Elephant
ZAR 50 Lion Manufacturing
ZAR 50 Nelson Mandela Lion
ZAR 100 Buffalo Tourism
ZAR 100 Nelson Mandela Buffalo
ZAR 200 Leopard Transport and Communications
ZAR 200 Nelson Mandela Leopard


The official currency of Sweden is the Swedish krona (SEK). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Description Reverse Description
SEK 20 Selma Lagerlöf First female winner of the Nobel Prize for literature Nils Holgersson Lagerlöf character
SEK 50 Jenny Lind Opera singer Silver harp
SEK 100 Carolus Linnaeus Founder of modern taxonomy Bee pollinating a flower Combines Linnaeus' interests in botany and zoology
SEK 500 King Charles XI Bank of Sweden was founded during his reign Christopher Polhem Scientist and industrialist
SEK 1000 King Gustav Vasa United the Swedes Harvest by Olaus Magnus Olaus was a historian of the northern peoples


The official currency of Switzerland is the Swiss franc (CHF). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Description Reverse
CHF 10 Le Corbusier Architect Le Corbusier's buildings in Chandigarh
CHF 20 Arthur Honegger Composer Elements from Honegger's Pacific 231
CHF 50 Sophie Taeuber-Arp Painter and sculptor Taeuber-Arp's Dada Head
CHF 100 Alberto Giacometti Painter and sculptor Giacometti's Man Walking
CHF 200 Charles Ferdinand Ramuz Writer Swiss mountains and Lavaux area
CHF 1000 Jacob Burckhardt Historian Detail from the Palazzo Strozzi

Republic of China (Taiwan)[edit]

The official currency of Taiwan is the New Taiwan dollar (TWD). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
TWD 100 Sun Yat-sen Chung-Shan Building
TWD 200 Chiang Kai-shek The Office of the President
TWD 500 Youth baseball Formosan sika deer and Dabajian Mountain
TWD 1000 Elementary education Mikado pheasant and Jade Mountain
TWD 2000 FORMOSAT-1, technology Formosan landlocked salmon and Nanhu Mountain


The official currency of Thailand is the Thai Baht (THB). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
THB 20 King Bhumibol Adulyadej King Ram Khamhaeng on the Manangkhasila Asana Throne; Ramkhamhaeng stele
THB 50 King Bhumibol Adulyadej King Naresuan pouring water on the ground; Phra Chedi Chai Mongkol temple
THB 100 King Bhumibol Adulyadej King Taksin monument in Wongwian Yai, Phra Ratchawang Doem, Wichai Prasit Fort
THB 500 King Bhumibol Adulyadej King Buddha Yodfa Chulalok monument, Wat Pho, Phra Sumen Fort
THB 1000 King Bhumibol Adulyadej Pa Sak Jolasid Dam


Obverse of the 200 lira banknote
Reverse of the 200 lira banknote

The official currency of Turkey is the Turkish lira (TRY). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse Description
TRY 5 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk
Aydın Sayılı
Historian of science
TRY 10 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Cahit Arf
TRY 20 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Mimar Kemaleddin
TRY 50 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Fatma Aliye Topuz
TRY 100 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Buhurizade Itri
(1640? - 1711)
TRY 200 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk Yunus Emre Poet


Obverse of a 20 Ukrainian hryvnia banknote

The official currency of Ukraine is the Ukrainian hryvnia (UAH). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Description Reverse
UAH 1 Volodymyr the Great First Christian ruler Kiev (Kyiv) in the time of Kievan Rus'
UAH 2 Yaroslav the Wise Prince of Kievan Rus' Saint Sophia Cathedral in Kiev
UAH 5 Bohdan Khmelnytskyi Father of the nation A church in Subotiv
UAH 10 Ivan Mazepa National hero Cave Monastery in Kiev
UAH 20 Ivan Franko Writer and thinker Opera house in Lviv
UAH 50 Mykhailo Hrushevsky Historian and statesman Parliament building in Kyiv
UAH 100 Taras Shevchenko Writer, artist, founder of modern written Ukrainian language Dnieper
UAH 200 Lesya Ukrainka Writer Fortress in Lutsk
UAH 500 Hryhoriy Skovoroda Philosopher and composer Mohyla Academy in Kiev

United Kingdom[edit]

The currency of the UK is the pound sterling, represented by the symbol £. The Bank of England is the central bank, responsible for issuing currency. Banks in Scotland and Northern Ireland retain the right to issue their own notes, subject to retaining enough Bank of England notes in reserve to cover the issue.


The official currency of England is the pound sterling (GBP). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse Description
GBP 5 Queen Elizabeth II Elizabeth Fry Social reformer
GBP 10 Queen Elizabeth II Charles Darwin Scientist
GBP 20 Queen Elizabeth II Adam Smith Economist
GBP 50 Queen Elizabeth II John Houblon First Governor of the Bank of England
GBP 50 (Series F (2010) Queen Elizabeth II James Watt and Matthew Boulton Industrial Engineers


The official currency of Scotland is the Pound sterling (GBP). Under Scottish legislation, banknotes are issued by commercial banks not the government. The motifs issued by the Bank of Scotland are:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
GBP 5 (Tercentenary series (1995)) Sir Walter Scott vignette of oil and energy
GBP 5 (Bridges series (2007)) Sir Walter Scott Brig o' Doon
GBP 10 (Tercentenary series (1995)) Sir Walter Scott vignette of distilling and brewing
GBP 10 (Bridges series (2007)) Sir Walter Scott Glenfinnan Viaduct
GBP 20 (Tercentenary series (1995)) Sir Walter Scott vignette of education and research
GBP 20 (Bridges series (2007)) Sir Walter Scott Forth Bridge
GBP 50 (Tercentenary series (1995)) Sir Walter Scott vignette of arts and culture
GBP 50 (Bridges series (2007)) Sir Walter Scott Falkirk Wheel
GBP 100 (Tercentenary series (1995)) Sir Walter Scott vignette of leisure and tourism
GBP 100 (Bridges series (2007)) Sir Walter Scott Kessock Bridge

The Royal Bank of Scotland issues:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
GBP 1 Lord Ilay Edinburgh Castle
GBP 5 Lord Ilay Culzean Castle
GBP 10 Lord Ilay Glamis Castle
GBP 20 Lord Ilay Brodick Castle
GBP 50 Lord Ilay Inverness Castle
GBP 100 Lord Ilay Balmoral Castle

The Clydesdale Bank issues:

Denomination Obverse Reverse
GBP 5 Robert Burns vignette of mouse and rose
GBP 5 Alexander Fleming vignette of St. Kilda
GBP 10 Mary Slessor vignette of Nigeria and missionary work
GBP 10 Robert Burns vignette of the Old and New Towns of Edinburgh
GBP 20 Robert the Bruce vignette of Bruce, Wallace, Stirling Castle
GBP 20 Robert the Bruce vignette of the New Lanark textile factory
GBP 50 Adam Smith vignette of 18th century engineering and agriculture
GBP 50 Elsie Inglis vignette of the Antonine Wall
GBP 100 Lord Kelvin Kelvin's university lecture room
GBP 100 Charles Rennie Macintosh vignette of the Heart of Neolithic Orkney, Maes Howe rock monuments, Ceremonial stone circles of Stennes and Brodgar and the Skara Brae rock formation (Orkney Islands)

United States[edit]

Obverse of a 100 U.S. dollar banknote

The official currency of the United States is the United States dollar (USD). The motifs used are:

Denomination Obverse Description Reverse
USD 1 George Washington First President Great Seal of the United States
USD 2 Thomas Jefferson Third President Declaration of Independence
USD 5 Abraham Lincoln 16th President Lincoln Memorial
USD 10 Alexander Hamilton First Secretary of the Treasury Treasury Building
USD 20 Andrew Jackson Seventh President White House
USD 50 Ulysses S. Grant 18th President Capitol
USD 100 Benjamin Franklin Founding Father Independence Hall

See also[edit]