List of mountains of Switzerland above 3000 m
This is a list of mountains of Switzerland above 3,000 metres (9,843 ft). This height, in the Alps, approximately corresponds to the level of the climatic snow line. For a list of mountains (major summits only) including lower summits, see List of mountains of Switzerland.
This list only includes significant summits with a topographic prominence of at least 150 metres (492 ft). There are 437 such summits exceeding 3,000 m in Switzerland. They are found in the cantons of Valais, Bern, Graubünden, Uri, Glarus, Ticino, St. Gallen, Obwalden and Vaud. All mountain heights and prominences on the list are from the largest-scale maps available.
- High point north of the Tieralplistock
- The lowest col between equally high Gletscherhorn and Piz Gallagiun is the 383 m deep Passo de la Prasgnola. They share the 2694 m key col Pass da la Duana.
- Christian Thöni, Directory of the mountains of Switzerland
- All mountain heights and prominences are from the 1:25,000 Swisstopo topographic maps.
- The three main sources for first ascent data are:
For the Western Alps; W.A.B. Coolidge, The Alps in nature and history, Methuen & Co, London, 1908.
For the Central Alps; Gottlieb Studer, Über Eis und Schnee: Die höchsten Gipfel der Schweiz und die Geschichte ihrer Besteigung, Volumes 1-3, Schmid & Francke, Bern, 1896-1899.
For the Eastern Alps: Die Erschließung der Ostalpen, Volumes 1-3, German and Austrian Alpine Club, Berlin, 1894.
Given are the years for the first recorded ascents. In many cases local people or surveyors made earlier ascents. In particular, chamois and ibex hunters are expected to have reached many summits. Years in italics indicate that it is known that an earlier ascent was made, for example by the presence of artifacts on top or the summit's prior use as a triangulation point.