List of mudras (yoga)

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This is a list of Yoga mudras. In yoga, mudrās are used in conjunction with pranayama (yogic breathing exercises), generally while seated in Padmasana, Sukhasana or Vajrasana pose, to stimulate different parts of the body and mind, and to affect the flow of prana in the body.

Hasta (hand mudras)[edit]

Hasta mudras may be conducive for meditation, and help in internalization. Many hand mudrās evolved for use in rituals, especially within tantra. Others developed as iconographical symbols for depictions of deities in statues and paintings. Others were developed for non-verbal story telling in traditional dance. In the Hevajra Tantra hand mudrās are used to identify oneself to the goddesses at different holy sites.

Name in Sanskrit Translation(s) in English Other Meanings Description
Anjali Mudra Gesture of reverence Offering; Prayer Palms touching, fingers pointing upward. May be placed in front of the sternum, the forehead, or overhead.
Dhyana Mudra Psychic gesture of meditation
Vāyu Mudra Psychic gesture of air
Shunya Mudra Psychic gesture of void or empty
Prithvi Mudra Psychic gesture of earth
Varuna Mudra Psychic gesture of Rain
Shakti Mudra Psychic gesture of power
Hakini Mudra Hand-steepling or finger-tenting: joining matching fingertips of right and left hands[1]
Prāna Mudra Psychic gesture to activate life force energy Tip of litte finger and ring finger touches thumb. Other two fingers are extended[2].
Apāna Mudra Psychic gesture of life force
Gyana Mudra Psychic gesture of knowledge
Chin Mudra Psychic gesture of consciousness Tip of thumb and index finger touching. Middle, ring and little finger extended.
Chinmaya Mudra Pervaded by consciousness mudrā
Yoni Mudra Attitude of the womb or source
Bhairav Mudra Fierce or terrifying attitude
Hridaya Mudra Heart gesture
Vishnu Mudra Hand gesture of Lord Vishnu Thumb, ring and little finger extended. Index and middle finger touching pad of thumb.

Māna (head mudras)[edit]

Māna mudras are an important part of Kundalini yoga, and many are important meditation techniques in their own right.

Name in Sanskrit Translation(s) in English Other Meanings Illustration
Shambhavi Mudra Eyebrow centre gazing with eyes half-open
Nasikagra Drishti Nosetip gazing
Khechari Mudra Tongue lock
Kaki mudra The crow's beak
Bhujangini Mudra Cobra respiration
Bhoochari Mudra Gazing into nothingness
Akashi mudra Awareness of inner space
Shanmukhi mudra Closing the six gates
Unmani Mudra The attitude of mindlessness

Kaya (postural mudras)[edit]

Kaya mudras combine physical postures with breathing and concentration.

Name in Sanskrit Translation(s) in English Other Meanings Illustration
Prana Mudra Energy (breath) seal
Vipareeta Karani Mudra Inverted seal
Yoga Mudra Union mudra
Pashinee Mudra Folded mudra
Manduki Mudra Gesture of the frog
Tadagi Mudra Barrelled abdomen technique

Bandha (lock mudras)[edit]

Bandha mudras are a type of mudra performed on the three diaphragms (respiratory, vocal, and pelvic). They are used in conjunction with holding the breath (kumbhaka) during pranayama.

Name in Sanskrit Translation(s) in English Other Meanings Illustration
Maha Mudra Great mudra
Uddiyana Bandha Upward flying lock
Mula Bandha Root lock
Jalandhara Bandha Throat lock, waterholder lock, net lock

Adhara (perineal mudras)[edit]

Adhara mudras are performed on the pelvic floor area and often relate to harnessing sexual energy.

Name in Sanskrit Translation(s) in English Other Meanings Illustration
Ashwini Mudra Horse gesture[3]
Vajroli/Sahajoli Mudra Thunderbolt/Spontaneous mudra
Maha Bheda Mudra The great separating mudra
Maha Vedha Mudra The great piercing mudra

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Hakini Mudra for Brain Power". Wellbeing Mantras. Retrieved 19 March 2016.
  2. ^
  3. ^ "Ashwini Mudra and Abundant Siddhis". Power Yoga Centre. Retrieved 5 June 2019.

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Mudras at Wikimedia Commons