List of multiple Olympic gold medalists

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The page lists individuals who have won three or more gold medals at the Olympics.

List of most Olympic gold medals over career[edit]

This is a partial list of multiple Olympic gold medalists, listing people who have won four or more Olympic gold medals. Medals won in the 1906 Intercalated Games are not included. (If they were, Ray Ewry would be second on the list with 10 gold). It includes top-three placings in 1896 and 1900, before medals were awarded for top-three placings. For simplicity, when an athlete has won medals for more than one nation, only the last nation he or she represented is mentioned here. The Olympics listed for each athlete only include games in which they won medals. See the particular article on the athlete for more details on when and for what nation an athlete competed. More medals are available in some events than others, and the number of events in which medals are available overall has changed over time.

Names in Bold denote people that have competed in the most recent Olympics, namely 2018 Pyeongchang Winter Olympics and 2016 Rio Summer Olympics.
No. Athlete Nation Sport Years Games Gender Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Michael Phelps  United States Swimming 2004–2016 Summer M 23 3 2 28
2 Larisa Latynina  Soviet Union Gymnastics 1956–1964 Summer F 9 5 4 18
3 Paavo Nurmi  Finland Athletics 1920–1928 Summer M 9 3 0 12
4 Mark Spitz  United States Swimming 1968–1972 Summer M 9 1 1 11
5 Carl Lewis  United States Athletics 1984–1996 Summer M 9 1 0 10
6 Marit Bjørgen  Norway Cross-country skiing 2002–2018 Winter F 8 4 3 15
7 Ole Einar Bjørndalen  Norway Biathlon 1998–2014 Winter M 8 4 1 13
8 Bjørn Dæhlie  Norway Cross-country skiing 1992–1998 Winter M 8 4 0 12
Birgit Fischer  East Germany
 Germany
Canoeing 1980–2004 Summer F 8 4 0 12
10 Sawao Kato  Japan Gymnastics 1968–1976 Summer M 8 3 1 12
Jenny Thompson  United States Swimming 1992–2004 Summer F 8 3 1 12
12 Matt Biondi  United States Swimming 1984–1992 Summer M 8 2 1 11
13 Usain Bolt  Jamaica Athletics 2008–2016 Summer M 9 0 0 9
Ray Ewry  United States Athletics 1900–1908 Summer M 8 0 0 8
15 Nikolai Andrianov  Soviet Union Gymnastics 1972–1980 Summer M 7 5 3 15
16 Boris Shakhlin  Soviet Union Gymnastics 1956–1964 Summer M 7 4 2 13
17 Věra Čáslavská  Czechoslovakia Gymnastics 1960–1968 Summer F 7 4 0 11
18 Viktor Chukarin  Soviet Union Gymnastics 1952–1956 Summer M 7 3 1 11
19 Aladár Gerevich  Hungary Fencing 1932–1960 Summer M 7 1 2 10
20 Edoardo Mangiarotti  Italy Fencing 1936–1960 Summer M 6 5 2 13
21 Isabell Werth  Germany Equestrian 1992–2016 Summer F 6 4 0 10
22 Ryan Lochte  United States Swimming 2004–2016 Summer M 6 3 3 12
23 Allyson Felix  United States Athletics 2004–2016 Summer F 6 3 0 9
Hubert Van Innis  Belgium Archery 1900–1920 Summer M 6 3 0 9
Lyubov Yegorova  Unified Team
 Russia
Cross-country skiing 1992–1994 Winter F 6 3 0 9
26 Akinori Nakayama  Japan Gymnastics 1968–1972 Summer M 6 2 2 10
27 Valentina Vezzali  Italy Fencing 1996–2012 Summer F 6 1 2 9
28 Gert Fredriksson  Sweden Canoeing 1948–1960 Summer M 6 1 1 8
29 Chris Hoy  Great Britain Cycling 2000–2012 Summer M 6 1 0 7
Jason Kenny  Great Britain Cycling 2008–2016 Summer M 6 1 0 7
31 Vitaly Scherbo  Unified Team
 Belarus
Gymnastics 1992–1996 Summer M 6 0 4 10
32 Ahn Hyun-Soo
Viktor Ahn
 South Korea
 Russia
Short track speed skating 2006–2014 Winter M 6 0 2 8
Reiner Klimke  United Team of Germany
 West Germany
Equestrian 1964–1988 Summer M 6 0 2 8
34 Pál Kovács  Hungary Fencing 1936–1960 Summer M 6 0 1 7
35 Rudolf Kárpáti  Hungary Fencing 1948–1960 Summer M 6 0 0 6
Nedo Nadi  Italy Fencing 1912–1920 Summer M 6 0 0 6
Kristin Otto  East Germany Swimming 1988 Summer F 6 0 0 6
Lidia Skoblikova  Soviet Union Speed skating 1960–1964 Winter F 6 0 0 6
Amy Van Dyken  United States Swimming 1996–2000 Summer F 6 0 0 6
40 Ireen Wüst  Netherlands Speed skating 2006–2018 Winter F 5 5 1 11
41 Takashi Ono  Japan Gymnastics 1952–1964 Summer M 5 4 4 13
42 Carl Osburn  United States Shooting 1912–1924 Summer M 5 4 2 11
43 Gary Hall, Jr.  United States Swimming 1996–2004 Summer M 5 3 2 10
Ágnes Keleti  Hungary Gymnastics 1952–1956 Summer F 5 3 2 10
45 Nadia Comăneci  Romania Gymnastics 1976–1980 Summer F 5 3 1 9
Ian Thorpe  Australia Swimming 2000–2004 Summer M 5 3 1 9
47 Ville Ritola  Finland Athletics 1924–1928 Summer M 5 3 0 8
48 Polina Astakhova  Soviet Union Gymnastics 1956–1964 Summer F 5 2 3 10
49 Claudia Pechstein  Germany Speed skating 1992–2006 Winter F 5 2 2 9
50 Elisabeta Lipă  Romania Rowing 1984–2004 Summer F 5 2 1 8
51 Yukio Endo  Japan Gymnastics 1960–1968 Summer M 5 2 0 7
Martin Fourcade  France Biathlon 2014–2018 Winter M 5 2 0 7
Aaron Peirsol  United States Swimming 2000–2008 Summer M 5 2 0 7
54 Mitsuo Tsukahara  Japan Gymnastics 1968–1976 Summer M 5 1 3 9
55 Nathan Adrian  United States Swimming 2008–2016 Summer M 5 1 2 8
Bradley Wiggins  Great Britain Cycling 2000–2016 Summer M 5 1 2 8
57 Krisztina Egerszegi  Hungary Swimming 1988–1996 Summer F 5 1 1 7
Tom Jager  United States Swimming 1984–1992 Summer M 5 1 1 7
Larisa Lazutina  Unified Team
 Russia
Cross-country skiing 1992–1998 Winter F 5 1 1 7
Willis A. Lee  United States Shooting 1920 Summer M 5 1 1 7
Clas Thunberg  Finland Speed skating 1924–1928 Winter M 5 1 1 7
Dana Vollmer  United States Swimming 2004–2016 Summer F 5 1 1 7
Hans Günter Winkler  United Team of Germany
 West Germany
Equestrian 1956–1976 Summer M 5 1 1 7
Wu Minxia  China Diving 2004–2016 Summer F 5 1 1 7
65 Thomas Alsgaard  Norway Cross-country skiing 1994–2002 Winter M 5 1 0 6
Anton Heida  United States Gymnastics 1904 Summer M 5 1 0 6
Nellie Kim  Soviet Union Gymnastics 1976–1980 Summer F 5 1 0 6
Danuta Kozák  Hungary Canoeing 2008–2016 Summer F 5 1 0 6
Katie Ledecky  United States Swimming 2012–2016 Summer F 5 1 0 6
Ole Lilloe-Olsen  Norway Shooting 1920–1924 Summer M 5 1 0 6
Don Schollander  United States Swimming 1964–1968 Summer M 5 1 0 6
72 Bonnie Blair  United States Speed skating 1988–1994 Winter F 5 0 1 6
Georgeta Damian  Romania Rowing 2000–2008 Summer F 5 0 1 6
Missy Franklin  United States Swimming 2012–2016 Summer F 5 0 1 6
Alfred Lane  United States Shooting 1912–1920 Summer M 5 0 1 6
Steve Redgrave  Great Britain Rowing 1984–2000 Summer M 5 0 1 6
Johnny Weissmuller  United States Swimming, Water polo 1924–1928 Summer M 5 0 1 6
Zou Kai  China Gymnastics 2008–2012 Summer M 5 0 1 6
79 Chen Ruolin  China Diving 2008–2016 Summer F 5 0 0 5
Anastasia Davydova  Russia Synchronized swimming 2004–2012 Summer F 5 0 0 5
Morris Fisher  United States Shooting 1920–1924 Summer M 5 0 0 5
Eric Heiden  United States Speed skating 1980 Winter M 5 0 0 5
Natalia Ishchenko  Russia Synchronized swimming 2008–2016 Summer F 5 0 0 5
Svetlana Romashina  Russia Synchronized swimming 2008–2016 Summer F 5 0 0 5
85 Raisa Smetanina  Soviet Union
 Unified Team
Cross-country skiing 1976–1992 Winter F 4 5 1 10
86 Alexander Popov  Unified Team
 Russia
Swimming 1992–2000 Summer M 4 5 0 9
87 Dara Torres  United States Swimming 1984–2008 Summer F 4 4 4 12
88 Kornelia Ender  East Germany Swimming 1972–1976 Summer F 4 4 0 8
Dawn Fraser  Australia Swimming 1956–1964 Summer F 4 4 0 8
90 Sixten Jernberg  Sweden Cross-country skiing 1956–1964 Winter M 4 3 2 9
Ludmilla Tourischeva  Soviet Union Gymnastics 1968–1976 Summer F 4 3 2 9
92 Ricco Groß  Germany Biathlon 1992–2006 Winter M 4 3 1 8
Georges Miez  Switzerland Gymnastics 1924–1936 Summer M 4 3 1 8
Otto Olsen  Norway Shooting 1920–1924 Summer M 4 3 1 8
Emil Hegle Svendsen  Norway Biathlon 2010–2018 Winter M 4 3 1 8
96 Ivan Patzaichin  Romania Canoeing 1968–1984 Summer M 4 3 0 7
97 Alexei Nemov  Russia Gymnastics 1996–2000 Summer M 4 2 6 12
98 Sven Kramer  Netherlands Speed skating 2006–2018 Winter M 4 2 3 9
99 Kjetil André Aamodt  Norway Alpine skiing 1992–2006 Winter M 4 2 2 8
Inge de Bruijn  Netherlands Swimming 2000–2004 Summer F 4 2 2 8
Sven Fischer  Germany Biathlon 1994–2006 Winter M 4 2 2 8
Galina Kulakova  Soviet Union Cross-country skiing 1972–1980 Winter F 4 2 2 8
Jason Lezak  United States Swimming 2000–2012 Summer M 4 2 2 8
Roland Matthes  East Germany Swimming 1968–1976 Summer M 4 2 2 8
Allison Schmitt  United States Swimming 2008–2016 Summer F 4 2 2 8
106 Ivar Ballangrud  Norway Speed skating 1928–1936 Winter M 4 2 1 7
Einar Liberg  Norway Shooting 1908–1924 Summer M 4 2 1 7
108 Giuseppe Delfino  Italy Fencing 1952–1964 Summer M 4 2 0 6
Christian d'Oriola  France Fencing 1948–1956 Summer M 4 2 0 6
Lucien Gaudin  France Fencing 1920–1928 Summer M 4 2 0 6
Matt Grevers  United States Swimming 2008–2012 Summer M 4 2 0 6
Guo Jingjing  China Diving 2000–2008 Summer F 4 2 0 6
Jin Jong-oh  South Korea Shooting 2004–2016 Summer M 4 2 0 6
Olga Korbut  Soviet Union Gymnastics 1972–1976 Summer F 4 2 0 6
Janica Kostelić  Croatia Alpine skiing 2002–2006 Winter F 4 2 0 6
Kevin Kuske  Germany Bobsleigh 2002–2018 Winter M 4 2 0 6
117 Giovanna Trillini  Italy Fencing 1992–2008 Summer F 4 1 3 8
118 Charles Daniels  United States Swimming 1904–1908 Summer M 4 1 2 7
Kosuke Kitajima  Japan Swimming 2004–2012 Summer M 4 1 2 7
Lloyd Spooner  United States Shooting 1920 Summer M 4 1 2 7
Libby Trickett  Australia Swimming 2004–2012 Summer F 4 1 2 7
122 Darya Domracheva  Belarus Biathlon 2010–2018 Winter F 4 1 1 6
Doina Ignat  Romania Rowing 1992–2008 Summer F 4 1 1 6
Kim Soo-Nyung  South Korea Archery 1988–2000 Summer F 4 1 1 6
Elena Novikova-Belova  Soviet Union Fencing 1968–1976 Summer F 4 1 1 6
Murray Rose  Australia Swimming 1956–1960 Summer M 4 1 1 6
Viktor Sidyak  Soviet Union Fencing 1968–1980 Summer M 4 1 1 6
Gunde Svan  Sweden Cross-country skiing 1984–1988 Winter M 4 1 1 6
Leontien van Moorsel  Netherlands Cycling 2000–2004 Summer F 4 1 1 6
Katrin Wagner-Augustin  Germany Canoeing 2000–2012 Summer F 4 1 1 6
Wang Meng  China Short track speed skating 2006–2010 Winter F 4 1 1 6
132 Ben Ainslie  Great Britain Sailing 1996–2012 Summer M 4 1 0 5
Vladimir Artemov  Soviet Union Gymnastics 1988 Summer M 4 1 0 5
Evelyn Ashford  United States Athletics 1984–1992 Summer F 4 1 0 5
Janet Evans  United States Swimming 1988–1992 Summer F 4 1 0 5
Ian Ferguson  New Zealand Canoeing 1984–1988 Summer M 4 1 0 5
Ramón Fonst  Cuba Fencing 1900–1904 Summer M 4 1 0 5
Fu Mingxia  China Diving 1992–2000 Summer F 4 1 0 5
Yevgeny Grishin  Soviet Union Speed skating 1956–1964 Winter M 4 1 0 5
Jayna Hefford  Canada Ice hockey 1998–2014 Winter F 4 1 0 5
Yana Klochkova  Ukraine Swimming 2000–2004 Summer F 4 1 0 5
Hannes Kolehmainen  Finland Athletics 1912–1920 Summer M 4 1 0 5
Johann Olav Koss  Norway Speed skating 1992–1994 Winter M 4 1 0 5
André Lange  Germany Bobsleigh 2002–2010 Winter M 4 1 0 5
Greg Louganis  United States Diving 1976–1988 Summer M 4 1 0 5
Valentin Muratov  Soviet Union Gymnastics 1952–1956 Summer M 4 1 0 5
John Naber  United States Swimming 1976 Summer M 4 1 0 5
Matti Nykänen  Finland Ski jumping 1984–1988 Winter M 4 1 0 5
Charles Pahud de Mortanges  Netherlands Equestrian 1924–1936 Summer M 4 1 0 5
Mel Sheppard  United States Athletics 1908–1912 Summer M 4 1 0 5
Ecaterina Szabo  Romania Gymnastics 1984 Summer F 4 1 0 5
Alexander Tikhonov  Soviet Union Biathlon 1968–1980 Winter M 4 1 0 5
Wang Nan  China Table tennis 2000–2008 Summer F 4 1 0 5
Hayley Wickenheiser  Canada Ice hockey 1998–2014 Winter F 4 1 0 5
Venus Williams  United States Tennis 2000–2016 Summer F 4 1 0 5
Emil Zátopek  Czechoslovakia Athletics 1948–1952 Summer M 4 1 0 5
Nikolay Zimyatov  Soviet Union Cross-country skiing 1980–1984 Winter M 4 1 0 5
158 Győző Kulcsár  Hungary Fencing 1964–1976 Summer M 4 0 2 6
159 Ludger Beerbaum  West Germany
 Germany
Equestrian 1988–2016 Summer M 4 0 1 5
Simone Biles  United States Gymnastics 2016 Summer F 4 0 1 5
Kathrin Boron  Germany Rowing 1992–2008 Summer F 4 0 1 5
Chun Lee-Kyung  South Korea Short track speed skating 1994–1998 Winter F 4 0 1 5
Teresa Edwards  United States Basketball 1984–2000 Summer F 4 0 1 5
Natalie Geisenberger  Germany Luge 2010–2018 Winter F 4 0 1 5
Marcus Hurley  United States Cycling 1904 Summer M 4 0 1 5
Li Xiaopeng  China Gymnastics 2000–2008 Summer M 4 0 1 5
Jon Olsen  United States Swimming 1992–1996 Summer M 4 0 1 5
Stanislav Pozdnyakov  Unified Team
 Russia
Fencing 1992–2004 Summer M 4 0 1 5
Sanya Richards-Ross  United States Athletics 2004–2012 Summer F 4 0 1 5
Viorica Susanu  Romania Rowing 2000–2008 Summer F 4 0 1 5
Giorgio Zampori  Italy Gymnastics 1912–1924 Summer M 4 0 1 5
172 Simon Ammann  Switzerland Ski jumping 2002–2010 Winter M 4 0 0 4
Tobias Arlt  Germany Luge 2014–2018 Winter M 4 0 0 4
Sue Bird  United States Basketball 2004–2016 Summer F 4 0 0 4
Fanny Blankers-Koen  Netherlands Athletics 1948 Summer F 4 0 0 4
Tamika Catchings  United States Basketball 2004–2016 Summer F 4 0 0 4
Dario Cologna  Switzerland Cross-country skiing 2010–2018 Winter M 4 0 0 4
Betty Cuthbert  Australia Athletics 1956–1964 Summer F 4 0 0 4
Tamás Darnyi  Hungary Swimming 1988–1992 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Deng Yaping  China Table tennis 1992–1996 Summer F 4 0 0 4
Harrison Dillard  United States Athletics 1948–1952 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Paul Bert Elvstrøm  Denmark Sailing 1948–1960 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Anastasia Ermakova  Russia Synchronized swimming 2004–2008 Summer F 4 0 0 4
Mohamed Farah  Great Britain Athletics 2012–2016 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Jenő Fuchs  Hungary Fencing 1908–1912 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Kaori Icho  Japan Wrestling 2004–2016 Summer F 4 0 0 4
Michael Johnson  United States Athletics 1992–2000 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Robert Korzeniowski  Poland Athletics 1996–2004 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Alvin Kraenzlein  United States Athletics 1900 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Lenny Krayzelburg  United States Swimming 2000–2004 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Viktor Krovopuskov  Soviet Union Fencing 1976–1980 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Lisa Leslie  United States Basketball 1996–2008 Summer F 4 0 0 4
Pat McCormick  United States Diving 1952–1956 Summer F 4 0 0 4
Al Oerter  United States Athletics 1956–1968 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Caroline Ouellette  Canada Ice hockey 2002–2014 Winter F 4 0 0 4
Jesse Owens  United States Athletics 1936 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Carlo Pavesi  Italy Fencing 1952–1960 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Matthew Pinsent  Great Britain Rowing 1992–2004 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Paulo Radmilovic  Great Britain Water polo, Swimming 1908–1920 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Henri Saint Cyr  Sweden Equestrian 1952–1956 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Vladimir Salnikov  Soviet Union Swimming 1980–1988 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Carl Schuhmann  Germany Gymnastics, Wrestling 1896 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Diana Taurasi  United States Basketball 2004–2016 Summer F 4 0 0 4
Laura Trott  Great Britain Cycling 2012–2016 Summer F 4 0 0 4
Nicole Uphoff  West Germany
 Germany
Equestrian 1988–1992 Summer F 4 0 0 4
Lasse Virén  Finland Athletics 1972–1976 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Thomas Wassberg  Sweden Cross-country skiing 1980–1988 Winter M 4 0 0 4
Tobias Wendl  Germany Luge 2014–2018 Winter M 4 0 0 4
Serena Williams  United States Tennis 2000–2012 Summer F 4 0 0 4
Bärbel Wöckel  East Germany Athletics 1976–1980 Summer F 4 0 0 4
Zhang Yining  China Table tennis 2004–2008 Summer F 4 0 0 4

Timeline[edit]

This is a progressive list of Olympians that have held the record for most titles won. It includes titles won in 1896 and 1900, before gold medals were awarded for first place. All record-holders have competed at Summer Games rather than Winter Games.

Michael Phelps, holder of the record for the most Olympic gold medals, with one of his medals at the 2008 Summer Olympics
Gold medals Date Athlete Nation Sport Record gold-medal event Earlier gold-medal events Gender
1[1] 1896-04-06 James Connolly  United States Athletics Triple jump M
Robert Garrett  United States Athletics Discus M
1896-04-07 Ellery Clark  United States Athletics Long jump M
Thomas Burke  United States Athletics 400 metres M
2[1] Robert Garrett  United States Athletics Shot put see above M
1896-04-09 Edwin Flack  Australia Athletics 800 metres 1896 - 1 M
Fritz Hofmann, Konrad Böcker, Alfred Flatow, Gustav Flatow, Georg Hilmar, Fritz Manteuffel, Karl Neukirch, Richard Röstel, Gustav Schuft, Carl Schuhmann, Hermann Weingärtner  Germany Gymnastics Team horizontal bar 1896 - 1 M
3[1] Carl Schuhmann  Germany Gymnastics Vault see previous M
Hermann Weingärtner  Germany Gymnastics Horizontal bar see above M
1896-04-10 Alfred Flatow  Germany Gymnastics Parallel bars see above M
4 1896-04-11[1] Carl Schuhmann  Germany Wrestling Greco-Roman see above M
1900-07-16 Alvin Kraenzlein  United States Athletics 200 metre hurdles 1900 - 1, 2, 3 M
1904-08-05 Marcus Hurley  United States Cycling 1 mile 1904 - 1, 2, 3 M
1904-08-29 Ray Ewry  United States Athletics Standing long jump 1900 - 1, 2, 3 M
5 1904-08-31 Standing high jump
6 1904-09-03 Standing triple jump
7 1908-07-20 Athletics Standing long jump
8 1908-07-23 Standing high jump
1924-07-13 Paavo Nurmi  Finland Athletics Team cross-country 1920 - 1, 2, 3
1924 - 4, 5, 6, 7
M
9 1928-07-29 Athletics 10000 metres
1964-10-23 Larisa Latynina  Soviet Union Gymnastics Floor exercise 1956 - 1, 2, 3, 4
1960 - 5, 6, 7
1964 - 8
F
1972-09-04 Mark Spitz  United States Swimming 4 × 100 metre medley relay 1968 - 1, 2
1972 - 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8
M
1996-07-29 Carl Lewis  United States Athletics Long jump 1984 - 1, 2, 3, 4
1988 - 5, 6
1992 - 7, 8
M
2008-08-12 Michael Phelps  United States Swimming 200 metre freestyle 2004 - 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6
2008 - 7, 8
M
10 2008-08-13 200 metre butterfly
11 4 × 200 metre freestyle relay
12 2008-08-15 200 metre individual medley
13 2008-08-16 100 metre butterfly
14 2008-08-17 4 × 100 metre medley relay
15 2012-07-31 Swimming 4 × 200 metre freestyle relay
16 2012-08-02 200 metre individual medley
17 2012-08-03 100 metre butterfly
18 2012-08-04 4 × 100 metre medley relay
19 2016-08-07 Swimming 4 × 100 metre freestyle relay
20 2016-08-09 200 metre butterfly
21 4 × 200 metre freestyle relay
22 2016-08-11 200 metre individual medley
23 2016-08-13 4 × 100 metre medley relay

List of most career gold medals in individual events[edit]

This list currently includes all Olympians with three or more gold medals won as individuals (not as part of a team of two or more).

No. Athlete Nation Sport Years Games Gender Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Michael Phelps  United States Swimming 2004–2016 Summer M 13 2 1 16
2 Ray Ewry  United States Athletics 1900–1908 Summer M 8 0 0 8
3 Věra Čáslavská  Czechoslovakia Gymnastics 1964–1968 Summer F 7 1 0 8
Carl Lewis  United States Athletics 1984–1996 Summer M 7 1 0 8
5 Larisa Latynina  Soviet Union Gymnastics 1956–1964 Summer F 6 5 3 14
6 Nikolai Andrianov  Soviet Union Gymnastics 1972–1980 Summer M 6 3 3 12
7 Bjørn Dæhlie  Norway Cross-country skiing 1992–1998 Winter M 6 3 0 9
Paavo Nurmi  Finland Athletics 1920–1928 Summer M 6 3 0 9
9 Boris Shakhlin  Soviet Union Gymnastics 1956–1964 Summer M 6 2 2 10
10 Usain Bolt  Jamaica Athletics 2008–2016 Summer M 6 0 0 6
Lidia Skoblikova  Soviet Union Speed skating 1960–1964 Winter F 6 0 0 6
12 Marit Bjørgen  Norway Cross-country skiing 2002–2018 Winter F 5 3 2 10
13 Ole Einar Bjørndalen  Norway Biathlon 1998–2014 Winter M 5 3 1 9
Viktor Chukarin  Soviet Union Gymnastics 1952–1956 Summer M 5 3 1 9
Sawao Kato  Japan Gymnastics 1968–1976 Summer M 5 3 1 9
16 Nadia Comăneci  Romania Gymnastics 1976–1980 Summer F 5 1 1 7
Krisztina Egerszegi  Hungary Swimming 1988–1996 Summer F 5 1 1 7
Gert Fredriksson  Sweden Canoeing 1948–1960 Summer M 5 1 1 7
Clas Thunberg  Finland Speed skating 1924–1928 Winter M 5 1 1 7
20 Vitaly Scherbo  Unified Team
 Belarus
Gymnastics 1992–1996 Summer M 5 0 4 9
21 Bonnie Blair  United States Speed skating 1988–1994 Winter F 5 0 1 6
22 Eric Heiden  United States Speed skating 1980 Winter M 5 0 0 5
23 Ireen Wüst  Netherlands Speed skating 2006–2018 Winter F 4 4 1 9
24 Lyubov Yegorova  Unified Team
 Russia
Cross-country skiing 1992–1994 Winter F 4 3 0 7
25 Kjetil André Aamodt  Norway Alpine skiing 1992–2006 Winter M 4 2 2 8
Akinori Nakayama  Japan Gymnastics 1968–1972 Summer M 4 2 2 8
Claudia Pechstein  Germany Speed skating 1992–2006 Winter F 4 2 2 8
28 Ivar Ballangrud  Norway Speed skating 1928–1936 Winter M 4 2 1 7
29 Martin Fourcade  France Biathlon 2010–2018 Winter M 4 2 0 6
Jin Jong-oh  South Korea Shooting 2004–2016 Summer M 4 2 0 6
Janica Kostelić  Croatia Alpine skiing 2002–2006 Winter F 4 2 0 6
Hubert Van Innis  Belgium Archery 1900–1920 Summer M 4 2 0 6
33 Inge de Bruijn  Netherlands Swimming 2000–2004 Summer F 4 1 1 6
Ágnes Keleti  Hungary Gymnastics 1952–1956 Summer F 4 1 1 6
Mark Spitz  United States Swimming 1968–1972 Summer M 4 1 1 6
Leontien van Moorsel  Netherlands Cycling 2000–2004 Summer F 4 1 1 6
37 Ben Ainslie  Great Britain Sailing 1996–2012 Summer M 4 1 0 5
Janet Evans  United States Swimming 1988–1992 Summer F 4 1 0 5
Yevgeny Grishin  Soviet Union Speed skating 1956–1964 Winter M 4 1 0 5
Anton Heida  United States Gymnastics 1904 Summer M 4 1 0 5
Yana Klochkova  Ukraine Swimming 2000–2004 Summer F 4 1 0 5
Johann Olav Koss  Norway Speed skating 1992–1994 Winter M 4 1 0 5
Greg Louganis  United States Diving 1976–1988 Summer M 4 1 0 5
Alexander Popov  Unified Team
 Russia
Swimming 1992–2000 Summer M 4 1 0 5
Emil Zátopek  Czechoslovakia Athletics 1948–1952 Summer M 4 1 0 5
46 Ahn Hyun-Soo
Viktor Ahn
 South Korea
 Russia
Short track speed skating 2006–2014 Winter M 4 0 2 6
47 Marcus Hurley  United States Cycling 1904 Summer M 4 0 1 5
Roland Matthes  East Germany Swimming 1968–1976 Summer M 4 0 1 5
49 Simon Ammann  Switzerland Ski jumping 2002–2010 Winter M 4 0 0 4
Dario Cologna  Switzerland Cross-country skiing 2010–2018 Winter M 4 0 0 4
Tamás Darnyi  Hungary Swimming 1988–1992 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Paul Bert Elvstrøm  Denmark Sailing 1948–1960 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Mohamed Farah  Great Britain Athletics 2012–2016 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Fu Mingxia  China Diving 1992–2000 Summer F 4 0 0 4
Chris Hoy  Great Britain Cycling 2004–2012 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Kaori Icho  Japan Wrestling 2004–2016 Summer F 4 0 0 4
Kosuke Kitajima  Japan Swimming 2004–2008 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Hannes Kolehmainen  Finland Athletics 1912–1920 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Robert Korzeniowski  Poland Athletics 1996–2004 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Alvin Kraenzlein  United States Athletics 1900 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Katie Ledecky  United States Swimming 2012–2016 Summer F 4 0 0 4
Pat McCormick  United States Diving 1952–1956 Summer F 4 0 0 4
Al Oerter  United States Athletics 1956–1968 Summer M 4 0 0 4
Kristin Otto  East Germany Swimming 1988 Summer F 4 0 0 4
Lasse Virén  Finland Athletics 1972–1976 Summer M 4 0 0 4
66 Karin Enke  East Germany Speed skating 1980–1988 Winter F 3 4 1 8
Gunda Niemann-Stirnemann  Germany Speed skating 1992–1998 Winter F 3 4 1 8
68 Takashi Ono  Japan Gymnastics 1952–1960 Summer M 3 3 4 10
69 Sixten Jernberg  Sweden Cross-country skiing 1956–1964 Winter M 3 3 1 7
70 Anastasiya Kuzmina  Slovakia Biathlon 2010–2018 Winter F 3 3 0 6
Ville Ritola  Finland Athletics 1924–1928 Summer M 3 3 0 6
72 Alexei Nemov  Russia Gymnastics 1996–2000 Summer M 3 2 5 10
73 George Eyser  United States Gymnastics 1904 Summer M 3 2 1 6
Knut Holmann  Norway Canoeing 1992–2000 Summer M 3 2 1 6
Ralph Rose  United States Athletics 1904–1912 Summer M 3 2 1 6
Martina Sáblíková  Czech Republic Speed skating 2010–2018 Winter F 3 2 1 6
77 Klaus Dibiasi  Italy Diving 1964–1976 Summer M 3 2 0 5
Georg Hackl  West Germany
 Germany
Luge 1988–2002 Winter M 3 2 0 5
Sven Kramer  Netherlands Speed skating 2006–2018 Winter M 3 2 0 5
Georges Miez  Switzerland Gymnastics 1928–1936 Summer M 3 2 0 5
Aaron Peirsol  United States Swimming 2000–2008 Summer M 3 2 0 5
Ralf Schumann  East Germany
 Germany
Shooting 1988–2008 Summer M 3 2 0 5
Sun Yang  China Swimming 2012–2016 Summer M 3 2 0 5
Alberto Tomba  Italy Alpine skiing 1988–1994 Winter M 3 2 0 5
85 Johan Grøttumsbråten  Norway Nordic combined, Cross-country skiing 1924–1932 Winter M 3 1 2 6
Jackie Joyner-Kersee  United States Athletics 1984–1996 Summer F 3 1 2 6
Kim Rhode  United States Shooting 1996–2016 Summer F 3 1 2 6
88 Charles Daniels  United States Swimming 1904–1908 Summer M 3 1 1 5
Darya Domracheva  Belarus Biathlon 2010–2018 Winter F 3 1 1 5
Shane Gould  Australia Swimming 1972 Summer F 3 1 1 5
Li Ning  China Gymnastics 1984 Summer M 3 1 1 5
Vreni Schneider  Switzerland Alpine skiing 1988–1994 Winter F 3 1 1 5
Daniela Silivaş  Romania Gymnastics 1988 Summer F 3 1 1 5
Leon Štukelj  Yugoslavia Gymnastics 1924–1936 Summer M 3 1 1 5
Ian Thorpe  Australia Swimming 2000–2004 Summer M 3 1 1 5
Pieter van den Hoogenband  Netherlands Swimming 2000–2004 Summer M 3 1 1 5
Valentina Vezzali  Italy Fencing 1996–2012 Summer F 3 1 1 5
Wang Meng  China Short track speed skating 2006–2010 Winter F 3 1 1 5
99 Vladimir Artemov  Soviet Union Gymnastics 1988 Summer M 3 1 0 4
Kenenisa Bekele  Ethiopia Athletics 2004–2008 Summer M 3 1 0 4
Niccolò Campriani  Italy Shooting 2012–2016 Summer M 3 1 0 4
Deborah Compagnoni  Italy Alpine skiing 1992–1998 Winter F 3 1 0 4
Kornelia Ender  East Germany Swimming 1972–1976 Summer F 3 1 0 4
John Flanagan  United States Athletics 1900–1908 Summer M 3 1 0 4
Ramón Fonst  Cuba Fencing 1900–1904 Summer M 3 1 0 4
Dawn Fraser  Australia Swimming 1956–1964 Summer F 3 1 0 4
Gillis Grafström  Sweden Figure skating 1920–1932 Both M 3 1 0 4
Michael Groß  West Germany Swimming 1984–1988 Summer M 3 1 0 4
Tomas Gustafson  Sweden Speed skating 1984–1988 Winter M 3 1 0 4
Harry Hillman  United States Athletics 1904–1908 Summer M 3 1 0 4
Maria Höfl-Riesch  Germany Alpine skiing 2010–2014 Winter F 3 1 0 4
Katinka Hosszú  Hungary Swimming 2016 Summer F 3 1 0 4
Alexander Karelin  Soviet Union
 Unified Team
 Russia
Wrestling 1988–2000 Summer M 3 1 0 4
Jason Kenny  Great Britain Cycling 2008–2016 Summer M 3 1 0 4
Nellie Kim  Soviet Union Gymnastics 1976–1980 Summer F 3 1 0 4
Ingrid Krämer  United Team of Germany Diving 1960–1964 Summer F 3 1 0 4
Matti Nykänen  Finland Ski jumping 1984–1988 Winter M 3 1 0 4
Tamara Press  Soviet Union Athletics 1960–1964 Summer F 3 1 0 4
Myer Prinstein  United States Athletics 1900–1904 Summer M 3 1 0 4
Murray Rose  Australia Swimming 1956–1960 Summer M 3 1 0 4
Viktor Saneyev  Soviet Union Athletics 1968–1980 Summer M 3 1 0 4
Ard Schenk  Netherlands Speed skating 1968–1972 Winter M 3 1 0 4
Ecaterina Szabo  Romania Gymnastics 1984 Summer F 3 1 0 4
Anky van Grunsven  Netherlands Equestrian 1996–2008 Summer F 3 1 0 4
Saori Yoshida  Japan Wrestling 2004–2016 Summer F 3 1 0 4
Jan Železný  Czechoslovakia
 Czech Republic
Athletics 1988–2000 Summer M 3 1 0 4
127 Tirunesh Dibaba  Ethiopia Athletics 2004–2016 Summer F 3 0 3 6
128 Marja-Liisa Kirvesniemi  Finland Cross-country skiing 1984–1994 Winter F 3 0 2 5
Katja Seizinger  Germany Alpine skiing 1992–1998 Winter F 3 0 2 5
130 Simone Biles  United States Gymnastics 2016 Summer F 3 0 1 4
Pyrros Dimas  Greece Weightlifting 1992–2004 Summer M 3 0 1 4
Ugo Frigerio  Italy Athletics 1920–1932 Summer M 3 0 1 4
Martin Sheridan  United States Athletics 1904–1908 Summer M 3 0 1 4
Michelle Smith  Ireland Swimming 1996 Summer F 3 0 1 4
Zou Kai  China Gymnastics 2008–2012 Summer M 3 0 1 4
136 Thomas Alsgaard  Norway Cross-country skiing 1994–2002 Winter M 3 0 0 3
Hjalmar Andersen  Norway Speed skating 1952 Winter M 3 0 0 3
Kristin Armstrong  United States Cycling 2008–2016 Summer F 3 0 0 3
Félicia Ballanger  France Cycling 1996–2000 Summer F 3 0 0 3
Brooke Bennett  United States Swimming 1996–2000 Summer F 3 0 0 3
Fanny Blankers-Koen  Netherlands Athletics 1948 Summer F 3 0 0 3
Mike Burton  United States Swimming 1968–1972 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Betty Cuthbert  Australia Athletics 1956–1964 Summer F 3 0 0 3
Tony Estanguet  France Canoeing 2000–2012 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Archie Hahn  United States Athletics 1904 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Thorleif Haug  Norway Cross-country skiing 1924 Winter M 3 0 0 3
Sonja Henie  Norway Figure skating 1928–1936 Winter F 3 0 0 3
Bud Houser  United States Athletics 1924–1928 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Vyacheslav Ivanov  Soviet Union Rowing 1956–1964 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Ivar Johansson  Sweden Wrestling 1932–1936 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Michael Johnson  United States Athletics 1992–2000 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Kakhi Kakhiashvili
Akakios Kakiasvilis
 Unified Team
 Greece
Weightlifting 1992–2000 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Pertti Karppinen  Finland Rowing 1976–1984 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Tatyana Kazankina  Soviet Union Athletics 1976–1980 Summer F 3 0 0 3
Jean-Claude Killy  France Alpine skiing 1968 Winter M 3 0 0 3
Eric Lemming  Sweden Athletics 1908–1912 Summer M 3 0 0 3
James Lightbody  United States Athletics 1904 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Mijaín López  Cuba Wrestling 2008–2016 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Paul Masson  France Cycling 1896 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Alexander Medved  Soviet Union Wrestling 1964–1972 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Debbie Meyer  United States Swimming 1968 Summer F 3 0 0 3
Halil Mutlu  Turkey Weightlifting 1996–2004 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Nedo Nadi  Italy Fencing 1912–1920 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Tadahiro Nomura  Japan Judo 1996–2004 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Jesse Owens  United States Athletics 1936 Summer M 3 0 0 3
László Papp  Hungary Boxing 1948–1956 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Marie-José Pérec  France Athletics 1992–1996 Summer F 3 0 0 3
Toni Sailer  Austria Alpine skiing 1956 Winter M 3 0 0 3
Buvaisar Saitiev  Russia Wrestling 1996–2008 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Vladimir Salnikov  Soviet Union Swimming 1980–1988 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Félix Savón  Cuba Boxing 1992–2000 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Peter Snell  New Zealand Athletics 1960–1964 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Teófilo Stevenson  Cuba Boxing 1972–1980 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Kamil Stoch  Poland Ski jumping 2014–2018 Winter M 3 0 0 3
Naim Süleymanoğlu  Turkey Weightlifting 1988–1996 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Marianne Timmer  Netherlands Speed skating 1998–2006 Winter F 3 0 0 3
Yvonne van Gennip  Netherlands Speed skating 1988 Winter F 3 0 0 3
Ulrich Wehling  East Germany Nordic combined 1972–1980 Winter M 3 0 0 3
Johnny Weissmuller  United States Swimming 1924–1928 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Carl Westergren  Sweden Wrestling 1920–1932 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Shaun White  United States Snowboarding 2006–2018 Winter M 3 0 0 3
Bradley Wiggins  Great Britain Cycling 2004–2012 Summer M 3 0 0 3
Nikolay Zimyatov  Soviet Union Cross-country skiing 1980–1984 Winter M 3 0 0 3

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Coubertin, Pierre de; Timoleon J. Philimon; N. G. Politis; Ch. Anninos (1897). "Second Part: The Olympic Games in 1896" (PDF). The Olympic Games, B.C. 776 – A.D. 1896 (PDF). IOC official Olympic reports. translated by A. v. K. London: Grevel. pp. 55–81 (passim). Retrieved 2008-08-13.  (note: the source gives dates in the Julian calendar; this table uses the Gregorian calendar)