List of multiple Olympic medalists
American swimmer Michael Phelps is the most decorated Olympian, having won 28 medals in both individual and team events (23 gold, 3 silver, and 2 bronze). Has also won more individual events than any other Olympian, with 16 medals (13 gold, 2 silver, and 1 bronze).
Norwegian cross-country skier Marit Bjørgen is the most decorated Winter Olympian, with 15 medals (8 gold, 4 silver, and 3 bronze).
List of Olympic medals over career
This list includes athletes who have won seven or more Olympic medals over their sporting career. It includes top-three placings in the 1896 Olympic Games and 1900 Olympic Games, before medals were actually awarded for those placings. Medals won in the 1906 Intercalated Games are not included.
For simplicity, when an athlete has won medals for more than one nation, their entry in this list only mentions the last Nation represented. The Years listed for each athlete only include the Games in which they won medals. More detailed information is provided in the linked articles for the individual athletes.
In cases where two or more athletes have the same number of total medals, the first tiebreaker is the number of gold medals, followed by the number of silver medals. If the tied athletes have exactly the same number of gold, silver and bronze medals, the ranking is given as a tie and the athletes are listed in order first by career years and then alphabetically by surname.
This is a progressive list of Olympians that have held the record for most medals won. Medals won in the 1906 Intercalated Games are not included. It includes top-three placings in 1896 and 1900, before medals were awarded for top-three placings. All record-holders have competed at Summer Games rather than Winter Games.
Legend: G = Gold, S = Silver, B = Bronze.
List of most career medals in individual events
This list contains only medals won in individual events, so no relays or team events count for this section.
Athletes with medals in different disciplines
In the Summer and Winter Games
|Athlete (Nation)||Summer Games||Winter Games||Ref|
|Eddie Eagan (USA)||1920 Antwerp||Gold||Boxing (light heavyweight)||1932 Lake Placid||Gold||Bobsleigh (four-man)|||
|Jacob Tullin Thams (NOR)||1936 Berlin||Silver||Sailing (8-metre)||1924 Chamonix||Gold||Ski jumping (individual large hill)|||
|Christa Luding-Rothenburger (GDR)||1988 Seoul||Silver||Cycling (sprint)||1984 Sarajevo||Gold||Speed skating (500 m)|||
|1988 Calgary||Gold||Speed skating (1000 m)|
|Silver||Speed skating (500 m)|
|1992 Albertville||Bronze||Speed skating (500 m)|
|Clara Hughes (CAN)||1996 Atlanta||Bronze||Cycling (road race)||2002 Salt Lake City||Bronze||Speed skating (5000 m)|||
|2006 Turin||Silver||Speed skating (team pursuit)|
|Bronze||Cycling (time trial)||Gold||Speed skating (5000 m)|
|2010 Vancouver||Bronze||Speed skating (5000 m)|
|Lauryn Williams (USA)||2004 Athens||Silver||Athletics (100 m)||2014 Sochi||Silver||Bobsleigh (two-woman)|||
|2012 London||Gold||Athletics (4 × 100 m relay)|
- Gillis Grafström became the first person to win a medal in the same event in Summer and Winter Olympics, winning figure skating golds at the 1920 Olympics and at the first Winter Olympics in 1924.
- Eddie Eagan became the first person to win a medal in the Winter Olympics and in the Summer Olympics in different events. He is the only Summer and Winter medalist to win gold medals in different events.
- Christa Luding-Rothenburger is the only person to win medals at the Winter and Summer Games in the same year. (This feat is no longer possible due to the staggering of the Winter and Summer Olympic years). She is also the first person to win medals in successive Winter and Summer Games or vice versa.
- Clara Hughes is the first person to win multiple medals in both Summer and Winter Games and holds the highest number of medals of any Olympian to win medals in both the Summer and Winter Games.
In the Summer Games
Swimming and water polo
Others in Summer Games
- Morris Kirksey (USA) (athletics and rugby)
- Edwin Flack (AUS) (athletics and tennis)
- Karch Kiraly (USA) (indoor volleyball and beach volleyball)
- Otto Herschmann (AUT) (swimming and fencing)
- Carl Schuhmann (GER) (gymnastics and wrestling)
- Rebecca Romero (GBR) (cycling and rowing)
- Roswitha Krause (GER) (swimming and handball)
- Walter W. Winans (USA) (shooting and sculpture)
- Alfréd Hajós (HUN) (swimming and architecture)
- Conn Findlay (USA) (rowing and sailing)
- Magnus Wegelius (FIN) (gymnastics and shooting)
- Veli Nieminen (FIN) (gymnastics and shooting)
- Daniel Norling (SWE) (gymnastics and equestrian)
- Fritz Hofmann (GER) (gymnastics and athletics)
- Oswald Holmberg (SWE) (gymnastics and tug of war). But one of these at the unofficial 1906 Summer Olympics
- Gustaf Dyrssen (SWE) (modern pentathlon and fencing)
In the Winter Games
Cross-country skiing and Nordic combined
- Thorleif Haug (NOR)
- Johan Grøttumsbråten (NOR)
- Thoralf Strømstad (NOR)
- Oddbjørn Hagen (NOR)
- Heikki Hasu (FIN)
Others in Winter Games
- Anfisa Reztsova (URS) (biathlon and cross-country skiing)
- Susi Erdmann (GER) (luge and bobsleigh)
- Gerda Weissensteiner (ITA) (luge and bobsleigh)
- Eric Flaim (USA) (long track speed skating and short track speed skating)
- Jorien ter Mors (NED) (long track speed skating and short track speed skating)
- Ester Ledecká (CZE) (alpine skiing and snowboarding)
- List of multiple Olympic medalists at a single Games
- List of multiple Olympic medalists in one event
- List of multiple Olympic gold medalists
- List of multiple Olympic gold medalists at a single Games
- List of multiple Olympic gold medalists in one event
- List of multiple Summer Olympic medalists
- List of multiple Winter Olympic medalists
- List of athletes with the most appearances at Olympic Games
- All-time Olympic Games medal table
- Leonidas of Rhodes
- Coubertin, Pierre de; Timoleon J. Philimon; N. G. Politis; Ch. Anninos (1897). "Second Part: The Olympic Games in 1896" (PDF). The Olympic Games, B.C. 776 – A.D. 1896. IOC official Olympic reports. translated by A. v. K. London: Grevel. pp. 55–81 (passim). Retrieved 13 August 2008. (note: the source gives dates in the Julian calendar; this table uses the Gregorian calendar)
- "Eddie Eagan". sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
- "Jacob Tullin Thams". sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 18 April 2020. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
- "Christa Rothenburger-Luding". sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
- "Clara Hughes". sports-reference.com. Archived from the original on 17 April 2020. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
- Borden, Sam (19 February 2014). "Canada Catches U.S. in Final Bobsled Run". New York Times. Retrieved 19 February 2014.