List of municipalities in Nova Scotia

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Map of Canada with Nova Scotia highlighted in red
Location of Nova Scotia in Canada
Map showing locations of all of Nova Scotia's municipalities
Distribution of Nova Scotia's 51 municipalities by municipal status type

Nova Scotia is the seventh-most populous of Canada's provinces and territories with 921,727 residents as of 2011 and is the second-smallest province in land area at approximately 53,000 km2 (20,000 sq mi).[1] Nova Scotia's 51 incorporated municipalities are either regional municipalities, rural municipalities (county municipalities or district municipalities), or towns. Municipalities in Nova Scotia are incorporated under the Municipal Government Act.[2] This act gives municipal councils the power to make bylaws for "health, well being, safety and protection of persons" and "safety and protection of property" in addition to a few expressed powers.[3]

Municipalities[edit]

Regional municipalities[edit]

Nova Scotia has three regional municipalities. The largest regional municipality by population is Halifax, which is the capital and largest municipality of Nova Scotia by population. Halifax's 390,096 residents represent 42% of the total population of the province. Halifax is also the largest municipality by land area at 5,490.28 km2 (2,119.81 sq mi).

Rural municipalities[edit]

County municipalities[edit]

Map showing locations of Nova Scotia's historical counties
Distribution of Nova Scotia's 18 historical counties by municipal status

Of Nova Scotia's 18 historical counties, 9 are incorporated as county municipalities. Of the remaining 9 counties, 3 are now regional municipalities, while municipal governance in the remaining 6 is provided at the local level through a combination of district municipalities and towns.

District municipalities[edit]

Nova Scotia has 12 district municipalities. Nova Scotia's largest and smallest district municipalities by population are Lunenburg and St. Mary's with 25,118 and 2,354 residents respectively.[4]

Towns[edit]

Map showing locations of Nova Scotia's towns
Distribution of Nova Scotia's 27 towns by population

A town is a type of municipality in the Canadian Province of Nova Scotia. Towns are incorporated by order by the Nova Scotia Utility and Review Board pursuant to sections 383 through 388 of Nova Scotia's Municipal Government Act.[5]

Nova Scotia had 31 towns at the time of the 2011 Census.[4] This total has since been reduced to 27 due to the dissolution of the towns of:

In the 2011 Census, the remaining 27 towns had a cumulative population of 100,588 and an average population of 3,725. Nova Scotia's largest and smallest towns by population are Truro and Annapolis Royal with 12,059 and 481 residents respectively.[4]

List of municipalities[edit]

Skyline of Halifax
Halifax is Nova Scotia's capital and largest municipality by population.
Sydney, Nova Scotia
Cape Breton is Nova Scotia's second-most populated municipality.
Name Municipal type Population
(2011)
Population
(2006)
Change
(%)
Land
area
(km²)
Population
density
(per km2)
Cape Breton Regional municipality 97,398 102,250 −4.7 2,433.35 40.0
Halifax Regional municipality 390,096 372,679 4.7 5,490.28 71.1
Queens Regional municipality 10,917 11,177 −2.3 2,392.85 4.6
Annapolis[a] County municipality 18,526 19,165 −3.3 3,177.49 5.8
Antigonish[b] County municipality 15,065 14,600 3.2 1,452.67 10.4
Colchester[c] County municipality 37,489 36,837 1.9 3,572.39 10.5
Cumberland[d] County municipality 19,180 19,962 −3.9 4,233.48 4.5
Inverness[e] County municipality 14,581 15,519 −6.0 3,822.29 3.81
Kings[f] County municipality 47,772 47,994 −0.5 2,091.72 22.8
Pictou[g] County municipality 21,745 21,982 −1.1 2,798.01 7.8
Richmond County municipality 9,293 9,740 −4.6 1,244.24 7.5
Victoria County municipality 7,115 7,594 −6.3 2,870.85 2.5
Argyle District municipality 8,252 8,656 −4.7 1,528.10 5.4
Barrington District municipality 6,994 7,331 −4.6 631.94 11.1
Chester District municipality 10,599 10,741 −1.3 1,122.22 9.4
Clare District municipality 8,319 8,813 −5.6 852.82 9.8
Digby District municipality 7,463 7,986 −6.5 1,655.88 4.5
East Hants District municipality 22,111 21,397 3.3 1,786.47 12.4
Guysborough District municipality 4,189 4,681 −10.5 2,111.42 2.0
Lunenburg District municipality 25,118 25,164 −0.2 1,759.64 14.3
Shelburne District municipality 4,408 4,828 −8.7 1,818.49 2.4
St. Mary's District municipality 2,354 2,587 −9.0 1,909.59 1.2
West Hants District municipality 14,165 13,871 2.1 1,241.95 11.4
Yarmouth District municipality 10,105 10,304 −1.9 585.75 17.3
Amherst Town 9,717 9,505 2.2 12.02 808.4
Annapolis Royal Town 481 444 8.3 2.04 235.8
Antigonish Town 4,524 4,236 6.8 5.15 879.2
Berwick Town 2,454 2,454 0.0 6.66 368.6
Bridgewater Town 8,241 7,944 3.7 13.60 605.8
Clark's Harbour Town 820 860 −4.7 2.90 282.7
Digby Town 2,152 2,092 2.9 3.14 686.1
Kentville Town 6,094 5,815 4.8 17.35 351.2
Lockeport Town 588 646 −9.0 2.32 253.4
Lunenburg Town 2,313 2,317 −0.2 4.01 576.9
Mahone Bay Town 943 904 4.3 3.13 301.4
Middleton Town 1,749 1,829 −4.4 5.44 321.6
Mulgrave Town 794 879 −9.7 17.81 44.6
New Glasgow Town 9,562 9,455 1.1 9.93 963.3
Oxford Town 1,151 1,178 −2.3 10.76 106.9
Parrsboro Town 1,305 1,401 −6.9 14.88 87.7
Pictou Town 3,437 3,813 −9.9 7.94 432.9
Port Hawkesbury Town 3,366 3,517 −4.3 8.11 414.8
Shelburne Town 1,686 1,879 −10.3 9.00 187.3
Stellarton Town 4,485 4,717 −4.9 8.99 498.8
Stewiacke Town 1,438 1,421 1.2 17.67 81.4
Trenton Town 2,616 2,741 −4.6 6.00 435.7
Truro Town 12,059 11,765 2.5 37.63 320.5
Westville Town 3,798 3,805 −0.2 14.39 264.0
Windsor Town 3,785 3,709 2.0 9.06 417.8
Wolfville Town 4,269 3,772 13.2 6.45 661.7
Yarmouth Town 6,761 7,162 −5.6 10.56 640.3
Total regional municipalities 498,411 486,106 2.5 10,316.48 48.3
Total county municipalities 190,766 193,393 −1.4 25,263.14 7.6
Total district municipalities 124,077 126,359 −1.8 17,004.18 7.3
Total towns 100,588 100,260 0.3 266.94 376.8
Total municipalities 913,842 906,118 0.9 52,850.83 17.3

Former municipalities[edit]

Nova Scotia has undergone reforms to local government in the last few decades, which has seen various municipalities dissolve into surrounding municipalities or amalgamate to form larger municipalities. The City of Sydney, Town of Dominion, Town of Glace Bay, Town of Louisbourg, Town of New Waterford, Town of North Sydney, Town of Sydney Mines, and Municipality of the County of Cape Breton dissolved April 1, 1995 to become part of the Cape Breton Regional Municipality. The City of Halifax along with the City of Dartmouth, Town of Bedford, and Municipality of the County of Halifax dissolved on April 1, 1996 to become the Halifax Regional Municipality. The Town of Canso dissolved July 1, 2012 to become part of the Municipality of the District of Guysborough. The Town of Bridgetown dissolved on April 1, 2015 to become part of the Municipality of the County of Annapolis. The Town of Springhill also dissolved on April 1, 2015, becoming part of the Municipality of the County of Cumberland. Most recently, the Town of Hantsport dissolved on July 1, 2015 to become part of the Municipality of the District of West Hants.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Figures exclude the incorporated towns of Annapolis Royal and Middleton.
  2. ^ Figures exclude the incorporated town of Antigonish.
  3. ^ Figures exclude the incorporated towns of Stewiacke and Truro.
  4. ^ Figures exclude the incorporated towns of Amherst, Oxford, and Parrsboro.
  5. ^ Figures exclude the incorporated town of Port Hawkesbury.
  6. ^ Figures exclude the incorporated towns of Berwick, Kentville, and Wolfville.
  7. ^ Figures exclude the incorporated towns of New Glasgow, Pictou, Stellarton, Trenton, and Westville.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. January 13, 2014. Retrieved November 22, 2014. 
  2. ^ http://www.canlii.org/en/ns/laws/stat/sns-1998-c-18/latest/part-1/sns-1998-c-18-part-1.pdf
  3. ^ http://www.community.gov.yk.ca/pdf/ma_pt.pdf
  4. ^ a b c "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Nova Scotia)". Statistics Canada. December 18, 2012. Retrieved January 29, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Municipal Government Act". Office of the Legislative Counsel, Nova Scotia House of Assembly. June 19, 2012. Retrieved January 29, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c "Nova Scotia Annual Report of Municipal Statistics for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2014" (PDF). Nova Scotia Department of Municipal Affairs. pp. 2, 11. Retrieved January 1, 2016. 
  7. ^ "Decision NSUARB-MB-10-2" (PDF). Nova Scotia Utility and Review Board. January 19, 2012. Retrieved January 29, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Current Events News: Notice to Hantsport Residents – Special Election District 8". Municipality of the Town of Hantsport. Retrieved January 1, 2016.