List of municipalities in Nunavut

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Nunavut is the least populous of Canada's three territories with 32,397 residents as of 2011,[a] but the largest territory in land area[b] at nearly 1,880,000 km2 (730,000 sq mi).[1] Nunavut's 25 municipalities cover only 0.2% of the territory's land mass[c] but are home to 99.97% of its population.[d][1][4][5]

Municipalities are created by the Government of Nunavut in accordance with the 2003 Cities, Towns and Villages Act (CTVA) and the 2003 Hamlets Act,[6][7] which are statutes of the neighbouring Northwest Territories.[e] According to the CTVA, a municipality is an "area within the boundaries of a municipal corporation, as described in the order establishing or continuing the municipal corporation" where a municipal corporation is either a city, town or village.[6] According to the Hamlets Act, a municipality is similarly an "area within the boundaries of a hamlet, as described in the order establishing or continuing the hamlet". All of Nunavut's 25 municipalities are hamlets except for the City of Iqaluit,[5] which is the territory's capital.

The largest municipality by population in Nunavut is Iqaluit with 6,699 residents, home to 20.7% of the territory's population.[4] The smallest municipality by population is Grise Fiord with 130 residents.[4] The largest municipality by land area is Kugluktuk, which spans 549.65 km2 (212.22 sq mi), while the smallest is Kimmirut at 2.27 km2 (0.88 sq mi).[4]

Cities[edit]

An application can be submitted to incorporate a community as a city under the CTVA of the Northwest Territories[e] at the request of a minimum 25 residents that are eligible electors, or at the initiative of the Minister of Municipal and Community Affairs.[6] The proposed city must have a minimum assessed land value of $200 million or an exception made by the Minister.[6] Iqaluit is the only city in Nunavut, with 6,699 residents and a land area of 52.50 km2 (20.27 sq mi) in 2011.[4] It incorporated as a city on April 19, 2001.[12]

Towns[edit]

Although Nunavut has no municipalities with town status, the CTVA provides opportunity to incorporate a town. A town can be incorporated at the request of a minimum 25 residents that are eligible electors, or at the initiative of the Minister of Municipal and Community Affairs.[6] The proposed town must have a minimum assessed land value of $50 million or an exception made by the Minister.[6] Iqaluit held town status between 1980 and 2001.[13]

Villages[edit]

Nunavut has no villages, but like town status the CTVA provides opportunity to incorporate a village. A village can be incorporated at the request of a minimum 25 residents that are eligible electors, or at the initiative of the Minister of Municipal and Community Affairs.[6] The proposed village must have a minimum assessed land value of $10 million or an exception made by the Minister.[6] Iqaluit held village status between 1974 and 1980.[13]

Hamlets[edit]

At the request of a minimum 25 residents that are eligible electors, or at the initiative of the Minister of Municipal and Community Affairs, an application can be submitted to incorporate a community as a hamlet under the Hamlets Act of the Northwest Territories.[e][7] Unlike cities, towns and villages, the incorporation of hamlets are not conditioned by a prescribed minimum assessed land value.[7]

Nunavut has 24 hamlets. The largest hamlet by population is Rankin Inlet, with 2,577 residents, and the smallest is Grise Fiord, with 130 residents.[2][4] The largest hamlet by land area is Kugluktuk, which spans 549.65 km2 (212.22 sq mi), while the smallest is Kimmirut, at 2.27 km2 (0.88 sq mi).[4]

List of municipalities[edit]

Skyline of Iqaluit
Iqaluit, Nunavut's capital city and largest municipality
Downtown Rankin Inlet
Rankin Inlet, Nunavut's second-largest municipality, largest hamlet and runner-up in the 1995 capital city plebiscite
Churches in Arviat
Nunavut's third-largest municipality and second-largest hamlet is Arviat.
Baker Lake in autumn
Baker Lake is the fourth-largest municipality in Nunavut.
Name Status[5] Population
(2011)[4]
Population
(2006)[4]
Change
(%)[4]
Land area
(km²)[4]
Population density
(per km²)[4]
Arctic Bay Hamlet 823 690 19.3 247.50 3.3
Arviat Hamlet 2,318 2,060 12.5 132.07 17.6
Baker Lake Hamlet 1,872 1,728 8.3 182.22 10.3
Cambridge Bay Hamlet 1,608 1,477 8.9 202.35 7.9
Cape Dorset Hamlet 1,363 1,236 10.3 9.74 139.9
Chesterfield Inlet Hamlet 313 332 −5.7 141.10 2.2
Clyde River Hamlet 934 820 13.9 106.55 8.8
Coral Harbour Hamlet 834 769 8.5 137.91 6.0
Gjoa Haven Hamlet 1,279 1,064 20.2 28.47 44.9
Grise Fiord Hamlet 130 141 −7.8 332.70 0.4
Hall Beach Hamlet 736[2] 654 12.5 16.82 43.8
Igloolik Hamlet 1,454 1,538 −5.5 103.01 14.1
Iqaluit City 6,699 6,184 8.3 52.50 127.6
Kimmirut Hamlet 455 411 10.7 2.27 200.4
Kugaaruk Hamlet 771 688 12.1 4.97 155.1
Kugluktuk Hamlet 1,450 1,302 11.4 549.65 2.6
Naujaat (Repulse Bay)[f] Hamlet 945 748 26.3 424.27 2.2
Pangnirtung Hamlet 1,425 1,325 7.5 7.77 183.4
Pond Inlet Hamlet 1,549 1,315 17.8 173.36 8.9
Qikiqtarjuaq Hamlet 520 473 9.9 130.71 4.0
Rankin Inlet Hamlet 2,577[2] 2,358 9.3 20.24 127.3
Resolute Hamlet 214 229 −6.6 116.89 1.8
Sanikiluaq Hamlet 812 744 9.1 114.94 7.1
Taloyoak Hamlet 899 809 11.1 37.65 23.9
Whale Cove Hamlet 407 353 15.3 283.66 1.4
Total municipalities 32,387 29,448 10.0 3,559.32 9.1
Territory of Nunavut 32,397[a] 29,474 9.9 1,877,787.62 0.002

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Statistics Canada published the 2011 population of Nunavut as 31,906.[1] It subsequently published amended population counts for three of Nunavut's census subdivisions. The population of 32,397 reflects the amended population counts for Hall Beach (amended from 546 to 736), Nanisivik (amended from 10 to 0) and Rankin Inlet (amended from 2,266 to 2,577).[2]
  2. ^ Nunavut also has a larger land area than any of Canada's ten provinces.[1]
  3. ^ The remaining 99.8% of Nunavut's land mass comprises three small unincorporated settlements (0.015%) and three vast unorganized areas (99.795%).[3][4]
  4. ^ The remaining 0.03%, or ten residents, live in either the unincorporated settlement of Umingmaktok (five residents) or the unorganized portion of Baffin Island (five residents).[2][4]
  5. ^ a b c Nunavut was created from a portion of the Northwest Territories (NWT) on April 1, 1999. The Nunavut Act of 1993, which created the territory, provided for statutes and regulations of the NWT that were in force on March 31, 1999 to also be in force for Nunavut,[8][9] including the 1988 Cities, Towns and Villages Act and the 1988 Hamlets Act.[10] The Government of Nunavut subsequently amended these acts in 2003.[11]
  6. ^ Repulse Bay was officially renamed Naujaat on July 2, 2015.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. January 13, 2014. Retrieved January 15, 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e "Corrections and updates: Population and dwelling count amendments, 2011 Census". Statistics Canada. March 14, 2014. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  3. ^ "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names: From January 2, 2012 to January 1, 2013" (PDF) (PDF). Statistics Canada. pp. 6–7. Retrieved August 19, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Nunavut)". Statistics Canada. January 13, 2014. Retrieved January 15, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c "List of municipalities – Nunavut". Canada Revenue Agency. September 6, 2013. Retrieved January 15, 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h "Cities, Towns and Villages Act, S.N.W.T. 2003, c.22" (PDF) (PDF). Government of the Northwest Territories. October 1, 2013. pp. 2–3 and 6. Retrieved January 12, 2014. 
  7. ^ a b c "Hamlets Act, S.N.W.T. 2003, c.22" (PDF) (PDF). Government of the Northwest Territories. October 1, 2013. pp. 16 and 18–19. Retrieved January 12, 2014. 
  8. ^ "Nunavut Legislation". Law Library at the Nunavut Court of Justice. Retrieved October 17, 2014. 
  9. ^ "Welcome to the web page for the Legislation Division of the Justice Department of the Government of Nunavut". Government of Nunavut Department of Justice. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Consolidated Statutes and Regulations current to April 1, 1999". Government of Nunavut Department of Justice. Retrieved October 19, 2014. 
  11. ^ "Assessment of the Municipal Acts of the Provinces and Territories" (PDF) (PDF). Federation of Canadian Municipalities. April 2004. p. 6. Retrieved January 15, 2014. 
  12. ^ "Interim List of Changes to Municipal Boundaries, Status, and Names From January 2, 2001 to January 1, 2006" (PDF) (PDF). Statistics Canada. June 2007. p. 372. Retrieved December 12, 2014. 
  13. ^ a b "About Iqaluit: History". City of Iqaluit. Retrieved December 12, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Naujaat, Nunavut, residents celebrate official renaming: Repulse Bay changes its name to Naujaat, Inuktitut for 'a nesting place for seagulls'". CBC News. July 6, 2015. Retrieved August 21, 2015. 

External links[edit]