List of municipalities in Prince Edward Island

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Map of Canada showing the location of PEI in red.
A map of Canada, showing Prince Edward Island in red.
Map showing locations of all of Prince Edward Island's municipalities
Distribution of Prince Edward Island's 72 municipalities by municipal status type
Aerial view of Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island's capital and largest city
Summerside, Prince Edward Island's second largest municipality and only other city

Prince Edward Island is the least populous province in Canada with 142,907 residents as of 2016 and is the smallest in land area at 5,686 km2 (2,195 sq mi).[1] Prince Edward Island's 72 municipalities were home to 70% of its population in 2016. These municipalities provide local government services to their residents in the form of fire protection, municipal planning services, and emergency measures planning.[2] The remaining unincorporated areas have no local government.[3]

Municipal statuses in Prince Edward Island include cities, towns, rural municipalities, and resort municipalities.[4] Under Prince Edward Island's Municipal Government Act of 2016, which came into force on December 23, 2017,[5] the formation of a municipality can be proposed by the Minister of Communities, Land and Environment (CLE), the council of an existing municipality, or a petition signed by 30% of the residents that would be the electors of the new municipality.[2] To be eligible for city or town status, certain minimum estimated population and total property assessment value criteria must be met.[2] If those criteria are not met, rural municipality status can be granted if it is the opinion of the Minister of CLE that it would be in the public interest.[2] The province's lone resort municipality that was established by order in council in 1990 continues as such in the Municipal Government Act but no new resort municipalities may be created.[4]

Prince Edward Island has 2 cities, 11 towns, 58 communities and 1 resort municipality,[4][6] which are distributed across three counties – Kings, Prince and Queens. Approximately 26% of residents live in the provincial capital of Charlottetown and another 24% live within the Charlottetown census agglomeration.[7]

Municipalities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Under the province's Municipal Government Act, a municipality may incorporate as a city if has an estimated population that meets or exceeds 15,000 and a total property assessment value that meets or exceeds $750-million.[2][4] Prince Edward Island has two cities.[6] Charlottetown is Prince Edward Island's capital and largest city both by population with 36,094 residents and by land area with 44.34 km2 (17.12 sq mi).[7] It forms the core of a census agglomeration that encompasses the middle of the island and is home to 69,325 residents, or 49% of the island's population.[8] The province's second city is Summerside, which is located on the west side of the island. It has a population of 14,829 and a land area of 28.49 km2 (11.00 sq mi).[7] Starting with the next municipal elections in 2018, the cities will elect a mayor and eight councillors, though this could be increased to a mayor and ten councillors if enacted by municipal bylaw.[4]

Towns[edit]

Under the province's Municipal Government Act, a municipality may incorporate as a town if has an estimated population that meets or exceeds 4,000 but is less than 15,000, and a total property assessment value that meets or exceeds $200-million, but is less than $750-million.[2][4] Prince Edward Island has eleven towns that are incorporated municipalities,[6] which had a cumulative population of 24,252 in the 2016 Census.[7] The province's largest and smallest towns are Stratford and Georgetown with populations of 9,706 and 555 respectively.[7] Cornwall is Prince Edward Island's largest town by land area with 28.19 km2 (10.88 sq mi) and Georgetown is the province's smallest town by land area with 1.59 km2 (0.61 sq mi).[7] The province's newest town is Tignish, which changed to town status on April 1, 2017.[9] Starting with the next municipal elections in 2018, the towns will elect a mayor and six councillors, though this could be increased to a mayor and eight councillors if enacted by municipal bylaw.[4]

Rural municipalities[edit]

Under the province's Municipal Government Act, municipalities that previously held community status under the previous Municipalities Act were carried forward as rural municipalities.[2][4][a] With the amalgamation of Brackley and Winsloe South on December 15, 2017,[11] and then the Municipal Government Act coming into force eight days later on December 23, 2017,[5] Prince Edward Island had 58 communities that became rural municipalities.[4][12] As of the 2016 census, the province's largest and smallest communities are Belfast and Tignish Shore with populations of 1,670 and 57 respectively.[7][6] Under the previous Municipalities Act, communities elected a chairperson and between three and six councillors who were responsible for providing limited local services to the municipality.[citation needed] Starting with the next municipal elections in 2018, the rural municipalities will elect a mayor and six councillors, though this could be increased to a mayor and eight councillors if enacted by municipal bylaw.[4]

Resort municipalities[edit]

Prince Edward Island has one municipality holding resort municipality status. The Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico was established as a resort municipality in 1990.[2] The province's Municipal Government Act allows this resort municipality to continue yet prevents the establishment of additional resort municipalities in the future.[2][4] Starting with the next municipal elections in 2018, the province's lone resort municipality will elect a mayor and six councillors, though this could be increased to a mayor and eight councillors if enacted by municipal bylaw.[4]

List[edit]

Name County Municipal
status[4][6]
Incorporation
year[13]
2016 Census of Population
Population
(2016)[7][6]
Population
(2011)[7][12]
Change Land area
(km²)[7][12]
Population
density[7]
Charlottetown Queens City 1855[b] 36,094 34,562 +4.4% 44.34 814.0/km2
Summerside Prince City 1877[c] 14,829 14,751 +0.5% 28.49 520.5/km2
Alberton Prince Town 1913 1,145 1,135 +0.9% 4.52 253.3/km2
Borden-Carleton Prince Town 1995[d] 724 750 −3.5% 12.99 55.7/km2
Cornwall Queens Town 1995 5,348 5,162 +3.6% 28.19 189.7/km2
Georgetown Kings Town 1912 555 675 −17.8% 1.59 349.1/km2
Kensington Prince Town 1914 1,619 1,513 +7.0% 3.01 537.9/km2
Montague Kings Town 1917 1,961 1,895 +3.5% 3.16 620.6/km2
North Rustico Queens Town 1954[e] 607 583 +4.1% 2.41 251.9/km2
O'Leary Prince Town 1951[f] 815 812 +0.4% 1.68 485.1/km2
Souris Kings Town 1910 1,053 1,173 −10.2% 3.47 303.5/km2
Stratford Queens Town 1995 9,706 8,574 +13.2% 22.53 430.8/km2
Tignish Prince Town[9] 1952[g] 719 779 −7.7% 5.87 122.5/km2
Abrams Village Prince Rural municipality 1974 272 267 +1.9% 1.26 215.9/km2
Afton Queens Rural municipality 1974 1,291 1,222 +5.6% 39.8 32.4/km2
Alexandra Queens Rural municipality 1972 221 224 −1.3% 10.4 21.3/km2
Annandale-Little Pond-Howe Bay Kings Rural municipality 1975 211 262 −19.5% 31.8 6.6/km2
Bedeque and Area Prince Rural municipality 2014 302 310 −2.6% 2.53 119.4/km2
Belfast Queens Rural municipality 1972 1,670 1,637 +2.0% 229.6 7.3/km2
Bonshaw Queens Rural municipality 1977 187 218 −14.2% 14.0 13.4/km2
Brackley Queens Rural municipality 1983[h] 596 561 +6.2% 18.38 32.4/km2
Breadalbane Queens Rural municipality 1991 167 173 −3.5% 12.55 13.3/km2
Brudenell Kings Rural municipality 1973 371 362 +2.5% 20.4 18.2/km2
Cardigan Kings Rural municipality 1954 269 332 −19.0% 5.12 52.5/km2
Central Kings Kings Rural municipality 1975 339 329 +3.0% 73.7 4.6/km2
Clyde River Queens Rural municipality 1974 653 576 +13.4% 16.52 39.5/km2
Crapaud Queens Rural municipality 1950 319 345 −7.5% 2.15 148.4/km2
Darlington Queens Rural municipality 1983 91 109 −16.5% 7.7 11.8/km2
Eastern Kings Kings Rural municipality 1974 709 702 +1.0% 141.0 5.0/km2
Ellerslie-Bideford Prince Rural municipality 1977 348 357 −2.5% 20.8 16.7/km2
Grand Tracadie Queens Rural municipality 1984 294 293 +0.3% 12.2 24.1/km2
Greenmount-Montrose Prince Rural municipality 1977 266 258 +3.1% 25.8 10.3/km2
Hampshire Queens Rural municipality 1974 335 420 −20.2% 13.6 24.6/km2
Hazelbrook Queens Rural municipality 1974 183 172 +6.4% 8.1 22.6/km2
Hunter River Queens Rural municipality 1974 356 294 +21.1% 5.97 59.6/km2
Kingston Queens Rural municipality 1974 1,096 794 +38.0% 48.0 22.8/km2
Kinkora Prince Rural municipality 1955 336 339 −0.9% 3.82 88.0/km2
Lady Slipper Prince Rural municipality 1983 764 805 −5.1% 112.4 6.8/km2
Linkletter Prince Rural municipality 1972 310 320 −3.1% 9.08 34.1/km2
Lorne Valley Kings Rural municipality 1978 95 106 −10.4% 17.7 5.4/km2
Lot 11 and Area Prince Rural municipality 1982 613 635 −3.5% 101.4 6.0/km2
Lower Montague Kings Rural municipality 1974 598 665 −10.1% 21.8 27.4/km2
Malpeque Bay Queens Rural municipality 1973 1,030 1,029 +0.1% 96.7 10.7/km2
Meadowbank Queens Rural municipality 1974 355 338 +5.0% 9.29 38.2/km2
Miltonvale Park Queens Rural municipality 1974 1,148 1,153 −0.4% 35.45 32.4/km2
Miminegash Prince Rural municipality 1968 148 173 −14.5% 1.90 77.9/km2
Miscouche Prince Rural municipality 1957 873 869 +0.5% 3.45 253.0/km2
Morell Kings Rural municipality 1953 297 313 −5.1% 1.46 203.4/km2
Mount Stewart Queens Rural municipality 1953 209 225 −7.1% 1.22 171.3/km2
Murray Harbour Kings Rural municipality 1953 258 320 −19.4% 3.89 66.3/km2
Murray River Kings Rural municipality 1955 304 334 −9.0% 1.47 206.8/km2
New Haven-Riverdale Queens Rural municipality 1974 520 485 +7.2% 21.7 24.0/km2
North Shore Queens Rural municipality 1974 1,294 1,112 +16.4% 45.4 28.5/km2
North Wiltshire Queens Rural municipality 1974 189 182 +3.8% 12.3 15.4/km2
Northport Prince Rural municipality 1974 186 188 −1.1% 1.8 103.3/km2
Pleasant Grove Queens Rural municipality 1980 492 496 −0.8% 13.6 36.2/km2
Sherbrooke Prince Rural municipality 1972 159 172 −7.6% 8.85 18.0/km2
Souris West Kings Rural municipality 1972 399 399 0.0% 7.7 51.8/km2
St. Felix Prince Rural municipality 1977 333 348 −4.3% 11.4 29.2/km2
St. Louis Prince Rural municipality 1964 66 51 +29.4% 0.62 106.5/km2
St. Nicholas Prince Rural municipality 1991 211 198 +6.6% 20.6 10.2/km2
St. Peters Bay Kings Rural municipality 1953 237 253 −6.3% 4.27 55.5/km2
Tignish Shore Prince Rural municipality 1975 57 73 −21.9% 1.5 38.0/km2
Tyne Valley Prince Rural municipality 1966 249 222 +12.2% 1.72 144.8/km2
Union Road Queens Rural municipality 1977 204 235 −13.2% 9.97 20.5/km2
Valleyfield Kings Rural municipality 1974 670 672 −0.3% 78.6 8.5/km2
Victoria Queens Rural municipality 1951 74 104 −28.8% 1.46 50.7/km2
Warren Grove Queens Rural municipality 1985 356 367 −3.0% 10.18 35.0/km2
Wellington Prince Rural municipality 1959 415 409 +1.5% 1.78 233.1/km2
West River Queens Rural municipality 1974 801 741 +8.1% 34.8 23.0/km2
York Queens Rural municipality 1986 408 284 +43.7% 12.4 32.9/km2
Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview,
Cavendish and North Rustico
[i]
Queens Resort municipality 1990 328 266 +23.3% 37.79 8.7/km2
Total cities 50,923 49,313 +3.3% 72.83 699.2/km2
Total towns 24,252 23,051 +5.2% 89.42 290.3/km2
Total rural municipalities 25,204 24,832 +1.5% 1,483.06 17.0/km2
Total resort municipalities 328 266 +23.3% 37.79 8.7/km2
Total municipalities 100,707 97,462 +3.3% 1,683.10 59.8/km2
Province of Prince Edward Island 142,907 140,204 +1.9% 5,686.03 25.1/km2

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Prior to the Municipalities Act, incorporated communities were previously designated either villages or community improvement committees.[10]
  2. ^ On April 1, 1995, the Charlottetown Area Municipalities Act incorporated the adjacent municipalities of Parkdale, Sherwood, Hillsborough Park, Winsloe, West Royalty, and East Royalty.[14]
  3. ^ Summerside incorporated as a city in 1995.[15]
  4. ^ Borden-Carlton incorporated as a town on July 31, 2012.[16]
  5. ^ North Rustico incorporated as a town on November 16, 2013.[17]
  6. ^ O'Leary incorporated as a town on March 11, 2014.[18]
  7. ^ Tignish incorporated as a town on April 1, 2017.[9]
  8. ^ Brackley amalgamated with Winsloe South on December 15, 2017.[11] Winsloe South originally incorporated in 1986.[19]
  9. ^ Official legal name is the "Resort Municipality of Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data". Statistics Canada. August 28, 2017. Retrieved December 27, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Chapter 44 (Bill No. 58): Municipal Government Act" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Queen's Printer. December 15, 2016. Retrieved December 26, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Canada – Prince Edward Island Agreement Municipal Strategic Component 2014 - 2019 Guidelines and Criteria" (PDF). Government of Prince Edward Island. March 2016. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Existing Municipalities and New Municipalities – Municipal Government Act". Government of Prince Edward Island. January 6, 2017. Retrieved December 26, 2017. 
  5. ^ a b "EC2017-747: Municipal Government Act Proclamation" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. December 12, 2017. p. 414. Retrieved December 26, 2017. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Prince Edward Island Municipal Boundaries" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Communities, Land and Environment. December 23, 2017. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses – 100% data (Prince Edward Island)". Statistics Canada. February 8, 2017. Retrieved February 11, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census: Charlottetown [Census agglomeration], Prince Edward Island and Prince Edward Island [Province]". Statistics Canada. November 16, 2017. Retrieved December 27, 2017. 
  9. ^ a b c Kevin Yarr (March 29, 2017). "Tignish to become a town". CBC. Retrieved December 25, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Municipalities Act" (PDF). Legislative Counsel Office. December 6, 2013. Retrieved November 1, 2014. 
  11. ^ a b "EC2017-746: Municipalities Act (Community of Brackley and Community of Winsloe South Amalgamation)" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. December 12, 2017. pp. 413–414. Retrieved December 26, 2017. 
  12. ^ a b c "Prince Edward Island Municipal Boundaries" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Communities, Land and Environment. January 2016. Retrieved December 29, 2016. 
  13. ^ "Municipal Affairs and Provincial Planning". Department of Finance, Energy and Municipal Affairs. Archived from the original on December 8, 2015. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 
  14. ^ "PlaceFinder Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 
  15. ^ "PlaceFinder Summerside, Prince Edward Island". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 
  16. ^ "EC2012-443: Municipalities Act (Community of Borden-Carleton Change of Status of Municipality from Community to Town Approved)" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. July 31, 2012. p. 261. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  17. ^ "EC2013-782: Municipalities Act (Community of North Rustico Change of Status of Municipality from Community to Town Approved)" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. November 5, 2013. p. 532. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  18. ^ "EC2014-142: Municipalities Act (Community of O'Leary Change of Status of Municipality from Community to Town Approved)" (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. March 11, 2014. p. 72. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 
  19. ^ "PlaceFinder Winsloe South, Prince Edward Island". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 

External links[edit]