List of municipalities in Prince Edward Island

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Map of Canada showing the location of PEI in red.
A map of Canada, showing Prince Edward Island in red.

Prince Edward Island is the least populous province in Canada with 140,204 residents as of 2011 and is the smallest in land area at 5,660 km2 (2,190 sq mi).[1] Prince Edward Islands's 73 municipalities[2] are home to 68% of its population. These municipalities provide local government services to their residents. The remaining unincorporated areas have no local government.

Municipalities may be incorporated as either a city, town or community under Prince Edward Island's Municipalities Act of 1983 by a petition signed by at least 25 residents.[3] There are 2 cities, 10 towns and 61 communities in Prince Edward Island;[4][5] distributed across three counties: Kings, Prince and Queens. Approximately 25% of residents live in the provincial capital of Charlottetown and another 21% live within the Charlottetown census agglomeration.[6]

Municipalities[edit]

Cities[edit]

Prince Edward Island has two cities.[4] Charlottetown is Prince Edward Island's capital and largest city by population with 34,562 residents and area with 779.7 km2 (301.0 sq mi). It is part of a large census agglomeration which encompasses the middle of the island and is home to 64,487 residents, or approximately half the island's population. [7] The only other city is Summerside, the principal municipality on the west side of the island.

Towns[edit]

Prince Edward Island has ten towns that are incorporated municipalities,[8] which had a cumulative population of 21,491 and an average population of 2,385 in the 2011 Census.[6] The province's largest and smallest towns are Stratford and North Rustico with populations of 8,574 and 583 respectively.[6] Cornwall is Prince Edward Island's largest town by area and Georgetown is Prince Edward Island's smallest town by area. The province's newest towns are Borden-Carleton and North Rustico, which both changed from community status to town status on July 31, 2012 and November 16, 2013 respectively.[9][5] Every four years, towns elect a mayor and six councillors who are responsible for providing local services to the municipality. [4]

Communities[edit]

Prince Edward Island has 61 communities that are incorporated municipalities[4] of which 30 are recognized as census subdivisions by Statistics Canada.[6][5] These communities were previously designated villages or community improvement committees, but were all changed to communities under the Municipalities Act.[3] The province's largest and smallest communities are Belfast and St. Louis with populations of 1,637 and 51 respectively.[6] Every four years, communities elect a chairperson and between 3 and 6 councillors who are responsible for providing limited local services to the municipality.[4]

List[edit]

Charlottetown, Prince Edward Island's capital and largest city
Summerside, Prince Edward Island's only other city
Name County Municipal
status
Incorp.
year[10]
Pop.
(2011)[6][10]
Pop.
(2006)[6]
Change
(%)[6]
Area
(km²)[6]
Pop.
density[6]
Charlottetown Queens City 1855
[a]
34,562 32,174 7.4 44.33 779.7
Summerside Prince City 1877[b] 14,751 14,500 1.7 28.36 520.1
Alberton Prince Town 1913 1,135 1,081 5 4.5 252.1
Borden-Carleton Prince Town 1995[c] 750 786 −4.6 13.16 57.0
Cornwall Queens Town 1995 5,162 4,677 10.4 28.2 183.1
Georgetown Kings Town 1912 675 634 6.5 1.65 409.6
Kensington Prince Town 1914 1,496 1,485 0.7 3.02 495.4
Montague Kings Town 1917 1,895 1,802 5.2 3.04 622.7
North Rustico Queens Town 1954[d] 583 599 −2.7 2.45 238.1
O'Leary Prince Town 1951[e] 812 861 −5.7 1.6 507
Souris Kings Town 1910 1,173 1,232 −4.8 3.42 342.8
Stratford Queens Town 1995 8,574 7,083 21.1 22.48 381.4
Abrams Village Prince Community 1974 267 266 0.4 1.37 195.1
Afton Queens Community 1974 1,222
Alexandra Queens Community 1972 224
Annandale-Little Pond-Howe Bay Kings Community 1975 262
Bedeque and Area Prince Community 2014 310 288 7.6 2.57 120.6
Belfast Queens Community 1972 1,637
Bonshaw Queens Community 1977 218
Brackley Queens Community 1983 340 336 1.2 8.92 38.1
Breadalbane Queens Community 1991 173 172 0.6 12.57 13.8
Brudenell Kings Community 1973 362
Cardigan Kings Community 1954 332 374 −11.2 5.28 62.9
Central Kings Kings Community 1975 329
Clyde River Queens Community 1974 576 618 −6.8 16.05 35.9
Crapaud Queens Community 1950 345 353 −2.3 2.16 159.5
Darlington Queens Community 1983 109
Eastern Kings Kings Community 1974 702
Ellerslie-Bideford Prince Community 1977 357
Grand Tracadie Queens Community 1984 293
Greenmount-Montrose Prince Community 1977 258
Hampshire Queens Community 1974 420
Hazelbrook Queens Community 1974 172
Hunter River Queens Community 1974 294 319 −7.8 6.08 48.4
Kingston Queens Community 1974 794
Kinkora Prince Community 1955 339 326 4 3.82 88.8
Lady Slipper Prince Community 1983 805
Linkletter Prince Community 1972 320 321 −0.3 9.05 35.4
Lorne Valley Kings Community 1978 106
Lot 11 and Area Prince Community 1982 635
Lower Montague Kings Community 1974 665
Malpeque Bay Queens Community 1973 1,029
Meadowbank Queens Community 1974 338 364 −7.1 9.25 36.6
Miltonvale Park Queens Community 1974 1,153 1,163 −0.9 35.32 32.6
Miminegash Prince Community 1968 173 176 −1.7 1.85 93.4
Miscouche Prince Community 1957 869 769 13 3.34 260.4
Morell Kings Community 1953 313 306 2.3 1.4 224.1
Mount Stewart Queens Community 1953 225 261 −13.8 1.22 183.8
Murray Harbour Kings Community 1953 320 358 −10.6 4.01 79.8
Murray River Kings Community 1955 334 430 −22.3 1.43 233.8
New Haven-Riverdale Queens Community 1974 485
North Shore Queens Community 1974 1,112
North Wiltshire Queens Community 1974 182
Northport Prince Community 1974 188
Pleasant Grove Queens Community 1980 496
Resort Municipality[f] Queens Community 1990 266 272 −2.2 37.74 7
Sherbrooke Prince Community 1972 172 168 2.4 8.83 19.5
Souris West Kings Community 1972 399
St. Felix Prince Community 1977 348
St. Louis Prince Community 1964 51 80 −36.3 0.62 82.7
St. Nicholas Prince Community 1991 198
St. Peters Bay Kings Community 1953 253 248 2 4.24 59.7
Tignish Prince Community 1952 779 758 2.8 5.86 132.9
Tignish Shore Prince Community 1975 73
Tyne Valley Prince Community 1966 222 226 −1.8 1.74 127.8
Union Road Queens Community 1977 235 245 −4.1 9.95 23.6
Valleyfield Kings Community 1974 672
Victoria Queens Community 1951 104 77 35.1 1.4 74.2
Warren Grove Queens Community 1985 367 341 7.6 10.32 35.6
Wellington Prince Community 1959 409 401 2 1.8 227
West River Queens Community 1974 741
Winsloe South Queens Community 1986 221 198 11.6 9.63 23
York Queens Community 1986 284
Total cities 49,313 46,674 5.7 72.69 678.4
Total towns 21,491 18,780 11.3 79.47 263.1
Total communities 26,689
Total municipalities 94,854

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Amalgamated with adjacent municipalities in 1995
  2. ^ Incorporated as a city in 1995
  3. ^ Incorporated as a town in 2012
  4. ^ Incorporated as a town in 2013
  5. ^ Incorporated as a town in 2014
  6. ^ Resort Municipality includes Stanley Bridge, Hope River, Bayview, Cavendish and North Rustico.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, 2011 and 2006 censuses". Statistics Canada. January 30, 2013. Retrieved December 4, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Municipal Affairs and Provincial Planning: Municipalities". Department of Finance, Energy and Municipal Affairs. August 15, 2012. Retrieved July 21, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b "Municipalities Act" (PDF). Legislative Counsel Office. December 6, 2013. Retrieved November 1, 2014. 
  4. ^ a b c d e "Municipal Affairs and Provincial Planning". Department of Finance, Energy and Municipal Affairs. Retrieved July 21, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b c "EC2013-782" (PDF) (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. November 5, 2013. p. 3. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Prince Edward Island)". Statistics Canada. January 1, 2013. Retrieved May 19, 2013. 
  7. ^ "Charlottetown Census agglomeration Census Profile". Statistics Canada. April 14, 2014. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Municipal Affairs and Provincial Planning". Department of Finance, Energy and Municipal Affairs. Retrieved July 21, 2013. 
  9. ^ "EC2012-443" (PDF) (PDF). Prince Edward Island Executive Council. July 31, 2012. p. 9. Retrieved November 24, 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "Municipal Affairs and Provincial Planning". Department of Finance, Energy and Municipal Affairs. Retrieved February 7, 2015. 

External links[edit]