List of murder convictions without a body
A murder conviction without a body is an instance of a person being convicted of murder despite the absence of the victim's body. Circumstantial and forensic evidence are prominent in such convictions. Hundreds of such convictions have occurred in the past, some of which have been overturned. In all cases, unless otherwise noted, the remains of the victims were never recovered.
This color indicates convictions that were overturned
This color indicates the partial remains were recovered or the body was located after the conviction
|Azaria Chamberlain||Lindy Chamberlain-Creighton||Uluru||August 17, 1980||October 29, 1982||An infant who is now believed to have been killed by a dingo while on a camping trip with her parents. Her mother was convicted of the murder in 1982 and her father was convicted as an accessory to the crime. However, following the discovery of the baby's clothing in an area frequented by the animals, the charges were overturned in September 1988. Evil Angels, journalist John Bryson's book about the case, was the basis for the eponymous film known as A Cry in the Dark internationally.|
|Samantha Knight||Michael Guider||Bondi, New South Wales||August 19, 1986||August 28, 2002||A nine-year-old girl abducted from her home. Guider, a pedophile who drugged his victims with Temazepam before molesting them, pleaded guilty to her manslaughter when he was already behind bars for other crimes. According to Guider, Knight never recovered after being drugged, and he later buried, dug up, and re-buried her body in two different Sydney locations to evade suspicion. It is believed that the body was ultimately removed or destroyed during the construction of a carpark.|
|Dorothy Davis, Kerry Whelan||Bruce Burrell||Sydney||May 30, 1995 – May 1997||2006||Two women who disappeared after leaving their homes to visit Burrell's wife, and boarding Burrell's car, respectively.|
|Tegan Lee Lane||Keli Lane||Auburn, NSW||September 12, 1996||December 10, 2010||After the mother attempted to adopt out a child in 1999, DOCS workers uncovered evidence of two previous children one of whom could not be located and notified police. After years of investigation and a coroner's inquest charges were laid in 2009, ultimately leading to a conviction on majority verdict.|
|Keith William Allan||Sudo Cavkic, Costas Athanasi, Julian Michael Clarke||Melbourne||May 28, 2000||2007||A so-called "contract killing" in which three men were convicted of the crime.|
|Peter Falconio||Bradley John Murdoch||Barrow Creek, Northern Territory||July 14, 2001||December 13, 2005||Falconio was murdered by a truck driver while holidaying with his girlfriend, Joanne Lees. Lees survived the ordeal and identified Murdoch as the killer.|
|Edit Fintor, Ilona Sőrés; Andrea, Dániel, Zoltán and Tünde Pándy||András and Ágnes Pándy||Brussels||1986 – 1990||March 6, 2002||The two wives, two sons, and two of the step-daughters of András Pándy. The conviction relied heavily on the forgery of documents by Pándy aiming to prove that the disappeared had left the country, and the testimony of his eldest step-daughter Ágnes, who confessed to have helped Pándy murder the victims, dismember and partially dissolve the bodies in drain cleaner, and throw any remains in an Anderlecht slaughterhouse's dumpsite. Following Pándy's arrest, the skeletons of seven women and one man were discovered buried in concrete under one of his properties, but they did not belong to his family.|
|Eliza Samudio||Bruno Fernandes das Dores de Souza||Esmeraldas, Minas Gerais||June 9, 2010||March 8, 2013||The convict's former mistress and mother of his illegitimate child, she disappeared after suing him for child support. The child also vanished, but was found in the care of Souza's wife. Souza's cousin and accomplice testified that Souza had dismembered Samudio after abducting and killing her, feeding some parts to his rottweilers and burying the rest in concrete.|
|Elizabeth Bain||Robert Baltovich||Scarborough, Ontario||June 19, 1990||March 31, 1992||The convict's girlfriend, Bain disappeared after telling her mother that she was going to check the tennis schedule on Scarborough campus. On June 22, Bain's car was found with a large bloodstain on the backseat. In his trial, Baltovich claimed his innocence and accused the at the time unidentified Scarborough Rapist of being the real murderer. After new evidence surfaced, Baltovich was granted a retrial and found not guilty on 22 April 2008.|
|Lyle and Marie McCann||Travis Vader||Edson, Alberta||July 3, 2010||September 15, 2016||An elderly couple who disappeared during a road trip; only the charred remains of their motorhome were found. Vader was convicted of second-degree murder after being arrested a second time, having spent four years in jail before the charges were dropped following his first arrest. Testimony at his second trial established that his blood was found mixed with that of the victims in the vehicle; prosecutors theorize that Vader, a meth addict, killed the McCanns in the course of a botched robbery attempt.|
|11 victims||Henri Désiré Landru||Paris||January 1915 – January 1919||November 1921||Ten World War I widows and one child who fell prey to the notorious lonely hearts killer. All evidence tying Landru to the victims was documentary. It is believed that he burned the bodies in a kitchen stove.|
|Pierre Quéméneur||Joseph Marie Guillaume Seznec||Between Finistère, Brittany and Paris||May 25–26, 1923||November 4, 1924||Wood merchant vanished during a business trip with the convict. Seznec's heirs continue to claim his innocence.|
|21 victims||Fritz Haarmann, Hans Grans||Hanover||September 27, 1918 – June 5, 1924||December 19, 1924||Part of at least 24 teenage boys lured to Haarmann's apartment, where they were raped, murdered and dismembered. Their remains were mostly thrown in the Leine river, although suspicion exists that Haarmann sold the flesh of his victims as pork in the black market. Although very few of the human remains recovered from the river could be identified or connected to Haarmann, several belongings of the victims were found in possession of Haarmann, Grans, or other people who had purchased or received them as gifts from Haarmann. Both accused were sentenced to death, but Grans's sentence was reduced to 12 years in prison on retrial, in 1926.|
|Rudolf Rupp||Matthias E., Hermine Rupp and her two daughters||Heinrichsheim, near Neuburg on the Danube, Bavaria||October 13, 2001||May 13, 2005||Farmer last seen driving from another home, where he had been drinking. Rupp's family and the boyfriend of one of his daughters were found guilty of his murder despite the absence of any evidence and numerous contradictions in the testimonies of the accused; the lack of a body was explained as the accused dismembering and feeding it to the victim's dogs. However, Rupp's car was fished out of the Danube in February 2009, with his body still in the driving seat and no sign of foul play. Another man, Ludwig H., had been charged with stealing Rupp's vehicle.|
|Guðmundur and Geirfinnur Einarsson (no relation)||Sævar Ciesielski, Kristjan Vídar Vídarsson, Tryggvi Rúnar Leifsson, Albert Klahn Skaftason, Guðjón Skarphéðinsson, Erla Bolladóttir||Hafnarfjörður and Keflavik||January 26 – November 19, 1974||1980||Two unrelated men who disappeared in different circumstances, ten months apart. Despite the lack of connection between the cases, six people were kept in solitary, drugged and subjected to water torture and sleep deprivation until they signed confessions to both murders. A new investigation was ordered in 2011. After 5 years of investigation, it was concluded by prosecutor Davið Þór, that 5 of 6 convicted were wrongfully convicted when the case was originally heard in court in 1980. the case brought back to court, on September 13 and 14. Two weeks later, On September 27, 2018, it was ruled that the original conviction was an error brought forward with questionable methods and thus ruled that the five men previously convicted were not guilty of murder a Sævar Ciesielski, Kristjan Vídar Vídarsson, Tryggvi Rúnar Leifsson, Albert Klahn Skaftason, Guðjón Skarphéðinsson. Erla Bolladottir's conviction was not reopened since she was not originally convicted for murder rather for lying about who was guilty of the murders, Einar Bollason, Magnús Leópoldsson, Sigurbjörn Eiríksson og Valdimar Olsen. They were not convicted in the original court ruling.|
|Chekannur Maulavi||V. V. Hamsa||Edappal, Kerala||July 29, 1993||September 30, 2010||Progressive Islamic cleric abducted by two men in a car, outside his home. Nine other people were also charged but acquitted.|
|Giuseppe Di Matteo||Vincenzo Chiodo, Enzo Salvatore Brusca, Giuseppe Monticciolo||Altofonte, Sicily||November 23, 1993||1996||13-year-old boy kidnapped by mafiosi who wanted to silence Di Matteo's father Santino, the first collaborator (pentito) of the Sicilian Mafia with Italian justice. After almost two years of captivity, Di Matteo was strangled on January 11, 1996 and his body dissolved in acid. The mafiosi that carried out the killing were arrested in February 1996 and got reduced sentences in return for also becoming pentiti.|
|Datuk Sosilawati Lawiya, Kamaruddin Shamsuddin, Noorhisham Mohamad, Ahmad Kamil Abdul Karim||N. Pathmanabhan, T. Thilaiyalagan, R. Kathavarayan||Banting, Selangor||August 30, 2010||July 4, 2011||First murder conviction without a body in Malaysia. A cosmetics millionaire, her driver, banker, and lawyer, respectively, went missing at the same time. The victims' blood and wristwatches were found at a farm in nearby Tanjung Sepat, at the property of local lawyer N. Pathmanabhan. It was determined that two farmhands (Thilaiyalagan and Kathavarayan) had murdered the victims, incinerated them, and thrown the ashes on a river under orders of Pathmanabhan. All three were sentenced to death.|
|An unnamed newborn||William Henry Woodgate||Point Resolution, Marlborough Province||November 1876||December 1876||Woodgate was executed in January 1877 for the murder of his niece's newborn child. The case turned on the testimony of the niece and her sister, and whether the alleged infant had been separated from the mother's body according to the definition of infanticide at the time.|
|Mary Eileen Jones||George Cecil Horry||Auckland, North Island||July 1942||August 1951||No body was found, so Horry was not arrested until 1951, when the circumstantial evidence was deemed sufficient. He was released from prison in 1967; the death penalty had been restored in New Zealand in 1950, but it was not in force in 1942 (see Capital punishment in New Zealand).|
|Sven Hoglin, Heidi Paakkonen||David Tamihere||Coromandel Peninsula, North Island||April, 1989||December 1990||Swedish couple Heidi Paakkonen, 21, and her fiancé Sven Hoglin, 23, went missing while tramping in a Coromandel forest. Tamihere (b. 1953) was convicted of their murder in 1990 and sentenced to life imprisonment. Hoglin's body was found in 1991, providing evidence that contradicted some aspects of the Crown's case. Paakkonen's body has never been found.|
|Deane Fuller-Sandys||Stephen Stone, Gail Maney||Auckland, North Island||August 1989||March 1999||Auckland tyre-fitter Fuller-Sandys (aged 21) disappeared on August 21, 1989, en route to a fishing expedition. Ten years later (in 1999) Stone and Maney were found guilty of his drug-related murder. His body has never been found.|
|Ben Smart, Olivia Hope||Scott Watson||Marlborough Sounds, South Island||January 1, 1998||May 1999||Smart and Hope were a young couple last seen accepting an invitation to sleep in a private vessel by a man, later identified as Watson, who was convicted of murdering them. He is believed to have disposed of the bodies in the ocean at an unknown location. Their remains have never been recovered.|
|Marijoy and Jacqueline Chiong||Francisco Juan Larrañaga, six other men||Cebu||July 16, 1997||February 3, 2004||Daughters of an alleged Cartel member who was due to testify against his boss when they were abducted and never seen again. Authorities maintain that Larrañaga (who was in Quezon City at the time of the crime according to documentary evidence and the testimony of over thirty people) and six others abducted, raped and murdered the sisters, based solely on the word of a burglar who testified in return for immunity, did not know the accused, and was found to have lied about his own criminal record. This witness also claimed that one of the bodies was abandoned in a ditch, but the body found there did not belong to either of the sisters. All seven were sentenced to death, but the sentences were changed to life in prison when the Philippines abolished the death penalty in 2006. Larrañaga, as a dual Spanish-Filipino citizen, was allowed to serve his sentence in Spain from 2009, where he continues to claim his innocence.|
|Joana Cipriano||João and Leonor Cipriano||Figueira, Algarve||12 September 2004||2005||An eight-year-old girl last seen walking back to her house after running an errand at a local store. Her mother and uncle, whom she allegedly witnessed having sex, were the first defendants convicted of murder in Portugal without a body, based on their apparent confessions to the crime. Both have protested their innocence and alleged police misconduct; similarities to the disappearance of Madeleine McCann a short distance away in 2007 have been noted.|
|Jenny Cheok Cheng Kid||Sunny Ang Soo Suan||Sisters' Islands, Singapore||27 August 1963||19 May 1965||On 27 August 1963, both part-time law student Sunny Ang and his bar waitress girlfriend Jenny Cheok went on a scuba diving trip near Sisters' Islands, Singapore (the waters around the area were known to be dangerous). Cheok disappeared at sea after making two dives that day. It was later investigated that Ang had allegedly killed her for her insurance, for which the coverage totalled up to $450,000. Sixteen months after Cheok's disappearance, Ang was arrested as a suspect and charged with murder. Ang was found guilty of murder and sentenced to death by an unanimous decision in one of Singapore's last jury trials before the local government abolished the jury system in 1970. Ang was executed on 6 February 1967. Cheok's body remains missing as of today.|
|Cui Yajie||Leslie Khoo Kwee Hock||A remote area nearby Gardens by the Bay, Singapore||12 July 2016||18 July 2019||On 12 July 2016, 48-year-old Leslie Khoo allegedly killed his 31-year-old girlfriend Cui Yajie, a Tianjin-born Chinese engineer, in his car during a heated argument nearby Gardens by the Bay. Khoo took the body to a remote forest in Lim Chu Kang where he burnt the body for three days before he was arrested. By the time Khoo took the police to where he burnt the body, there were only ashes and a few clumps of hair, along with a bra hook and pieces of burnt fabric (from Cui's dress). Khoo was found guilty of murder on 18 July 2019, and a month later, on 19 August 2019, 51-year-old Khoo was sentenced to life imprisonment.|
|Holy Child of La Guardia||Alonso, Lope, García, Juan and Yosef Franco; Benito García, Moshe Abenamías||La Guardia, Kingdom of Toledo||1475-1487||November 16, 1491||Six conversos and two Jews were arrested by the Spanish Inquisition and confessed under torture to having murdered a Christian child in La Guardia as part of a magic ritual; at least five were burned at an auto de fe in 1491. Because of constant contradictions and legal irregularities, the fact that the child was never named, no body was found, no child disappearance or murder was reported in La Guardia around that time, and obvious similarities with other European blood libels and antisemitic legends, modern historians believe that neither crime nor child actually existed. It is believed that the process was a sham to incite the expulsion of all Jews from Spain, which was decreed four months later.|
|José María Grimaldos López||Gregorio Valero Contreras, León Sánchez Gastón||Osa de la Vega, Cuenca Province||August 20, 1910||May 25, 1918||A shepherd from nearby Tresjuncos who disappeared after an animal sale. His family accused local farm wardens Valero and Sánchez, who had a history of bullying Grimaldos, of murdering him to steal the money. The case was at first dismissed due to lack of evidence, but it was reopened in 1913 by a newly appointed examining magistrate, Emilio Isasa Echenique. Under Isasa's watch, Valero and Sánchez were arrested and extrajudicially tortured to make them confess. No body was found and the accused ended up claiming that they had fed it to pigs, then burned and ground all remains left. Each was sentenced to 18 years in prison. After Grimaldos was found alive in Mira in 1926, the Supreme Court overturned the sentence and started proceedings against those responsible for the 1913 investigation. Isasa could not be judged because of his sudden death, officially attributed to a heart attack but suspected of being a suicide.|
|Marta del Castillo Casanueva||Miguel Carcaño Delgado||Seville||January 24, 2009||October 17, 2011||A 17-year-old girl who disappeared after leaving home to talk with her ex-boyfriend, the convict. He was arrested on February 13 and confessed to the murder the next day. However, he soon recanted and produced several different versions of the murder and the fate of the body, which was never found. Carcaño was found guilty due to witness statements, blood and DNA evidence.|
|Julia Lamas, Maurici Font||Ramón Laso Moreno||Els Pallaresos, Tarragona Province||March 27, 2009||October 16, 2014||First murder conviction in Spain with no body, no organic remains, and no confession. Lamas was Laso's second wife (he was previously imprisoned for the murder of his first wife in 1988), and Font was the husband of Lamas's sister, who was also Laso's lover. Laso was the last person to see them alive and claimed that they had run away together to never come back. Although no trace of either was ever found, Laso was arrested and convicted for the murders after he was caught faking evidence intended to make people believe that the victims were alive. It is suspected that the bodies were buried in a land plot owned by Laso at the time, which was later expropriated to build a road.|
|William Harrison||John, Richard, and Joan Perry||Chipping Campden, England||August 16, 1660||Spring 1661||A wealthy 70-year-old man last seen walking to Charingworth. After his hat, coat and neckband were found on the side of the road with a sharp cut and sprinkled in blood, his servant John Perry claimed that Perry's own brother and mother had murdered Harrison to rob him, and subsequently dumped the body in a pond. The pond was drained but no body was found. The Perrys then alternated between pleading guilt and innocence, until they were all found guilty and hanged. However, Harrison reappeared in 1662, claiming to have been abducted by Barbary pirates. It has been said that this case was the source of a mistaken view that without a body there could be no trial for murder in England.|
|William Moore||William Kidd||Indian Ocean||October 30, 1697||May 23, 1701||Privateer's gunner murdered at sea after making a disrespectful remark to Kidd, his captain.|
|Gay Gibson||James Camb||Atlantic Ocean, west coast of Africa||18 October 1947||22 March 1948||An actress who was on an ocean liner, the MV Durban Castle, when her dead body was pushed through the porthole of her cabin. According to James Camb, the man convicted of killing her, she died during consensual sex and in a panic he pushed her body through the porthole. He always denied killing her.|
|William, Donald and Amy McSwann; Archibald and Rosalie Henderson, Olive Durand-Deacon||John George Haigh||London||September 9, 1944 - February 19, 1949||August 10, 1949||Victims of con artist and serial killer John George Haigh, who dissolved the bodies in acid under the belief that he couldn't be prosecuted for murder without a corpse; the resulting liquified remains were disposed of in a manhole. There was ample documentary evidence tying him to his victims however, and a search found remains of human fat, three gallstones and a couple of dentures in the vat he had used to dissolve the body of his last victim.|
|Stanislaw Sykut||Michail Onufrejczyk||Llandeilo, Wales||Late 1953||August 1954||Partner of the convict in the management of a farm rehabilitated by the Polish Resettlement Corps after World War II. Onufrejczyk, who had been previously denounced by Sykut for violence and was about to lose the farm as a result of legal action, offered wildly varying stories to explain his partner's sudden disappearance. He was convicted largely because of the finding of over 2000 blood stains in the passage leading from the farm's kitchen to the backyard, which Onufrejczyk claimed to be from rabbits he had skinned. Police believed that Onufrejczyk dismembered Sykut's body in the kitchen and fed the parts to the pigs. The ruling was cited as a precedent in later murder without a body cases in England and Wales.|
|Malika Maria de Fernandez||Peter Reyn-Bardt||Wilmslow, England||June 1961||December 1983||The estranged wife of the convict. When the bog body later known as the Lindow Woman was found in a bog behind his home in 1983, police questioned Reyn-Bardt, whose wife had been missing for over two decades. Reyn-Bardt, also believing that the partial body was that of his wife, admitted to have murdered her when she blackmailed him under threat of revealing his homosexuality. Afterward, he dismembered the body and buried the pieces in a trench leading to the bog. Carbon 14 dating later showed that the body was nearly 1,800 years old. While Malika's own body was not found, the detailed confession was enough to pronounce her husband guilty.|
|Muriel McKay||Nizamodeen and Arthur Hosein||London||December 29, 1969||October 6, 1970||The wife of Alick McKay, deputy of Rupert Murdoch, who was abducted from her home in Wimbledon. It is believed that the Hoseins intended to abduct Murdoch's wife Anna Murdoch Mann and hold her for ransom, but that they mistook McKay for her after she used Murdoch's car to buy groceries. After several failed attempts to ransom her to McKay's family, the Hoseins were arrested and convicted to life in prison for her murder despite no trace of her being ever found.|
|Terence Eve, Robert Brown, George and Terry Brett, Frederick Sherwood, Ronald Andrews||John Childs||London||November 1974 - October 1978||December 4, 1979||The six claimed victims of confessed hitman John Childs, who said he carried the killings on behalf of the other convicted, and that he dismembered and burned the bodies in his apartment's fireplace. No evidence ever existed besides Childs's testimony. Pinfold and MacKenney's convictions were overturned in 2003 after Childs was ruled to be a "pathological liar."|
|Terry Pinfold, Harry MacKenney||November 28, 1980|
|Robert Nairac||Liam Townson||Dromintee, Northern Ireland||May 14, 1977||November 1977||British Army Captain murdered by the IRA during the course of an undercover operation. It is believed that Nairac's body was buried in farmland on the Republic of Ireland.|
|Gerard Fearon, Thomas Morgan||1978|
|Mark Tildesley||Leslie Bailey||Wokingham, England||June 1, 1984||December 9, 1992||A seven-year-old boy who disappeared while visiting a funfair in Wokingham, Berkshire. He was lured away from the fair and his bicycle was found chained to railings nearby. In 1990 it emerged that Mark had been abducted, drugged, tortured, raped and murdered by a London-based paedophile gang on the night he disappeared.|
|Helen McCourt||Ian Simms||Billinge, Merseyside, England||February 9, 1988||March 1989||A 22-year-old woman last seen walking towards the pub owned by the convict, who had previously made rejected advances on her, and had also banned her from the pub after she had an argument with another patron. Forensic evidence included McCourt's blood found in Simms's car; a plastic binfold left by a river, that contained McCourts's clothes, hair and a flex with toothmarks that were matched to one of Simms's dogs; and a set of clothes and two towels, property of Simms and sprinkled with McCourt's blood, that were found abandoned near the Manchester Ship Canal.|
|Arlene Fraser||Nat Fraser||Elgin, Scotland||April 28, 1998||January 29, 2003, May 30, 2012||A woman murdered by her husband, who maintains innocence of the crime. He was given a new trial in 2012, but he was convicted.|
|Danielle Jones||Stuart Campbell||East Tilbury, England||June 18, 2001||December 19, 2002||The convict's 15-year old niece, disappeared while walking to a bus stop. A pair of stockings with blood from both Jones and Campbell, and lip gloss used by Jones were found in Campbell's apartment. In addition, Campbell claimed to have received a text message from Jones after she disappeared, but it didn't match Jones's texting style, and Mobile Switching Center records showed that both Campbell's and Jones's cell phones were in the same place when the message was sent.|
|Linda Razzell||Glyn Razzell||Swindon, Wiltshire||March 19, 2002||November 2003||The convict's estranged wife disappeared at about 9.10 a.m. while walking to Swindon College where she worked as a teaching assistant. Her blood – discovered in the boot of a Renault Laguna which Glyn had borrowed from a friend – was initially missed by the forensics team. In June 2018 the case was the subject of the BBC Two documentary Conviction, which included an examination of a possible link to convicted serial killer Christopher Halliwell.|
|Jenny Nicholl||David Hodgson||Richmond, North Yorkshire, England||June 30, 2005||February 19, 2008||The 19-year old mistress of the convict, a 45-year old married father of two, with whom she had been having an affair for five years. Nicholl also had a relationship with Hodgson's older brother, which Police considered the motive of the murder. Hodgson was sentenced to life with a minimum of 18 years.|
|Suzanne Pilley||David Gilroy||Edinburgh, Scotland||May 4, 2010||March 15, 2012||A woman believed to have been murdered by her ex-boyfriend. Evidence cited by the prosecution included scratches on Gilroy's body, that he stopped sending frequent text messages to Pilley the day she disappeared, an unjustified roundabout trip of Gilroy's car to the other extreme of Scotland on the same day and the fact that the car was later cleaned.|
|April Jones||Mark Bridger||Machynlleth, Wales||October 1, 2012||May 30, 2013||A 5-year-old girl murdered in 2012. The convict stated he had deposited the body in both the Afon Dulas and River Dovey, although authorities presume the remains are near the man's home.|
|Veronica "Carole" Anne Packman||Russell Causley||Bournemouth, England||1985||December 18, 1996; overturned in 2003; reconvicted upon retrial in 2004||Carole Packman went missing shortly after initiating a divorce with her husband (whose name was Russell Packman at the time; he changed his name to that of his mistress after Carole's disappearance.) Initially, police investigated the possibility that Causley murdered his wife, but closed the investigation when sufficient evidence was not forthcoming. Years later, when Causley was discovered to have faked his own death in an attempted life insurance scheme, police reopened the investigation, which led to Causley's first conviction. Packman's disappearance became the subject of the 2016 television series The Investigator: A British Crime Story.|
|Debbie Griggs||Andrew Griggs||Kent, England||5 May 1999||28 October 2019||Debbie has not been seen since she disappeared from her family home in Deal, Kent, on 5 May 1999. Andrew Griggs was an initial suspect in the Police's investigation into her disappearance however the Crown Prosecution Service found in 2003 the evidence submitted to them offered "no realistic prospect of conviction". A new investigation began in 2018 upon which Andrew was later charged and found guilty of her murder following a trial held at Canterbury Crown Court. Mr Griggs was handed a life sentence with a minimum tariff of 20 years.|
|Margaret Fleming||Edward Cairney and Avril Jones||Inverkip, Inverclyde, Scotland||December 1999 or January 2000||June 2019||Edward Cairney (77) and his partner Avril Jones (59) were carers for Margaret Fleming in December 1999 following the death of her father. The authorities became suspicious, only in October 2016, when concerns were raised about a benefits claim made by Jones on Fleming's behalf. A large police search operation failed to find any trace of Fleming. Cairney insisted, during the trial at the High Court in Glasgow, that Fleming was still alive and had gone to London.|
|Sarah Wellgreen||Ben Lacomba||Kent, England||9 October 2018||28 October 2019||A 46-year-old mother of five murdered in 2018. Lacomba was her ex-partner who was convicted after a four week trial at Woolwich Crown Court and was handed a life sentence with a 27 year minimum tariff to serve. Kent Police report that the search for Sarah's body is the largest search conducted in the force's history.|
|Priscilla Rulloff||Edward H. Rulloff||Lansing, New York||June 23, 1844||1858||The convict's infant daughter disappeared along with her mother. Rulloff was suspected of murdering both, but he was only tried and sentenced to ten years for the kidnapping of his wife. Upon his release in 1856, he was charged, tried and convicted for the murder of his daughter, but he escaped and was acquitted on appeal in 1859. Rulloff was hanged for an unrelated murder in 1870.|
|George Watkins||Charles Hudspeth||Marion County, Arkansas||1886||1888-1892||Watkins disappeared a year after moving to Marion County with his wife, who had an affair with Hudspeth. After their arrest, the wife accused Hudspeth of murdering Watkins so they could marry each other. Hudspeth was found guilty in an 1888 trial that was overturned, but was later found guilty again on retrial in 1892, and hanged. Hudspeth's lawyer claimed to have found Watkins alive in Kansas in 1893.|
|Grace Budd||Albert Fish||New York City||May 28, 1928||March 1935||A nine-year-old girl abducted by Fish after he lied to her parents about taking her to another child's birthday party. In a 1934 letter to Budd's mother, Fish claimed that he killed the girl on June 3 and ate her whole body over the course of nine days.|
|Thora Chamberlain||Thomas Henry McMonigle||Campbell, California||November 2, 1945||1946||A 14-year-old girl abducted outside her high school. Evidence included a bullet hole and blood stains in the car of the convict, objects belonging to Chamberlain found buried in the convict's workplace, and two pairs of socks belonging to Chamberlain being found on the sea cliff where he confessed to have disposed of the body.|
|Evelyn Scott||Robert Leonard Ewing Scott||Los Angeles||May 16, 1955||1957||The convict's wife. The crime was believed to have been motivated by money.|
|Curtis Chillingworth and Marjorie Chillingworth||Joseph Peel and Floyd Holzapfel||Manalapan, Florida||June 15, 1955||December 12, 1960 (Holzapfel), March 30, 1961 (Peel)||Circuit court judge Chillingworth had reprimanded municipal court judge Peel for unethical behavior, and Peel feared being disbarred. Peel hired Holzapfel to kill Chillingworth and his wife. Holzapfel and accomplice Bobby Lincoln kidnapped the Chillingworths and dumped their bodies in the ocean with weights tied to their legs.|
|Jan Susan Whitney||Jerry Brudos||Between Salem and Albany, Oregon||November 26, 1968||June 28, 1969||A 23-year-old woman lured to Brudos's home after her car broke down on Interstate 5. Several photos of Whitney depicting her before and after her death were found in Brudos's garage, along with a mold of resin made out of her breast. The body was found one month after Brudos pled guilty to her murder, downstream from where he said he had thrown it.|
|Rosemary Calandriello||Robert Zarinsky||Atlantic Highlands, New Jersey||August 25, 1969||1975||A teenage girl believed to have been abducted and murdered by a truck driver. Zarinsky, a suspected serial killer, denied knowing the victim until after his conviction, claiming her death was an accident. He died in 2008, never having disclosed the location of her body. It was the first-ever bodyless-murder conviction in New Jersey.|
|Donald Shea||Charles Manson, Bruce M. Davis, Steve "Clem" Grogan, Tex Watson||Chatsworth, California||August 26, 1969||December 13, 1971||Spahn Ranch foreman murdered by the Manson Family because they believed he had turned them in to the police. Grogan helped locate Shea's remains in 1977.|
|Mary Kitts||Clarence Ray Allen, Eugene "Lee" Furrow||Fresno, California||July 1974||November 1977||A teenager murdered in 1974. Her body was apparently weighed down and thrown into a river.|
|Katherine and Sheila Lyon||Lloyd Lee Welch||Washington, D.C.||March 25, 1975||September 12, 2017||Two sisters aged 10 and 12 who disappeared during a trip to a shopping mall. In 2013, Welch, a convicted and incarcerated child molester, became a suspect after it was noticed that he strongly resembled a young man seen stalking the girls by one of their friends, and that in 1975 he had gone to police to claim that he had seen an older man abducting the girls. After a cousin of Welch confessed to helping him burn two suspicious duffel bags at his property in Thaxton, Virginia in 1975, police searched the place and found items that had belonged to the girls, but no organic remains. Nevertheless, Welch pled guilty to both counts of abduction and murder.|
The 42 years that passed between the crime and the conviction is the longest such interval in an American bodyless murder case.
|Melvin "Ricky" Pittman, Ernest Taylor, Alvin Turner, Randy Johnson and Michael McDowell||Philander Hampton||Newark, New Jersey||August 20, 1978||August 2011||Five teenagers who were presumably lured by at least one subject who was convicted. One suspect was eventually acquitted, and one other had died.|
|Etan Patz||Pedro Hernandez||New York City||May 25, 1979||February 14, 2017||A six-year-old boy who disappeared on his way to the school stop. He was the first missing child whose photo appeared on a milk carton. In 2010, Hernandez confessed to have strangled Patz after he walked in the convenience store where he worked at, and to have disposed of his body on the garbage. Various members of Hernandez's family claimed that he had confessed the murder to his church in the 1980s.|
|Karen and Michael Reinert||Bill Bradfield||Philadelphia||June 22, 1979||1983||Brother and sister who vanished along with their mother, Susan Reinert, after she received a phone call from Bradfield. Susan's body was found three days later in the trunk of her car, which had been abandoned in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, but the children never appeared. Bradfield, who was Susan's lover and the sole beneficiary of her life insurance, was convicted of conspiracy to commit murder and died in prison in 1998. Smith, the principal at the high school where both Bradfield and Susan Reinert were teachers, was found guilty of carrying out the murders and sentenced to death, but the sentence was overturned by the Pennsylvania Supreme Court due to prosecutorial misconduct.|
|Jay C. Smith||1986|
|Lucinda Schaefer, Andrea Hall||Lawrence Bittaker and Roy Norris||Glendora, California||June - July, 1979||February, 1981||First victims of serial killers Lawrence Bittaker and Roy Norris, who kidnapped, raped, tortured, and murdered a total of five teenage girls in California in 1979. Although the bodies of Schaefer and Hall were never found, Norris confessed that he and Bittaker had murdered them. In 1981, Bittaker was sentenced to death, while Norris was sentenced to life in prison.|
|Robin Benedict||William H.J. Douglas||Sharon, Massachusetts||March 5, 1983||May 7, 1984||Douglas bludgeoned Benedict with a small sledgehammer at his residence. He then transported her corpse to Providence, Rhode Island, where he threw her body into a dumpster. Benedict's Toyota Tercel was found abandoned in Grand Central Station of New York, NY in July 1983. One day after Benedict's disappearance, the murder weapon along with some of the victim's clothes were found in a rest area five miles away from Sharon. A chemical test on a windbreaker owned by Douglas showed possible brain matter (lab work later determined inconclusive). Prior to murder, Benedict was a prostitute whom Douglas had frequented, and motivation for the murder was determined to be anger over Benedict's termination of her illegal career and her desire to end sexual contact with Douglas. Douglas was sentenced to 15 years imprisonment in state penitentiary for second-degree murder of Robin Benedict, which he began in 1989 following completion of a 5 year sentence in federal prison for defalcation of $67,400 of the taxpayers' money, through way of a falsifying expenses from a National Institute of Health grant he had been awarded in 1982 while a biology professor at Tufts University, which he used to finance his patronization of the prostitute and treat her to expensive gifts. Douglas was also subject to a $29.5 million wrongful death lawsuit from the Benedict family. |
|Melvin Snyder||Ronald Harshman||Chambersburg, PA||1985||2000||Harshman shot Snyder with a .25 pistol and a casing found at his property matched one found in Snyder's barn, in addition to inmates that said Harshman confessed to them.|
|Paula Godfrey, Lisa Stasi, Catherine Clampitt||John Edward Robinson||Overland Park, Kansas||September 1, 1984 - June 15, 1987||October 2002 - October 2003||Three women who disappeared after being offered jobs by the convict. The conviction for Stasi's murder was later overturned on a technicality.|
|Gail Katz-Bierenbaum||Robert Bierenbaum||New York City||July 7, 1985||October 2000||The convict's wife. It is believed that the body was deposited in the ocean off of the coast of New Jersey, where he reportedly had flown a plane.|
|Michelle Dorr||Hadden Clark||Silver Spring, Maryland||May 24, 1986||1999||A six-year-old girl who disappeared from her father's backyard while he was taking a nap. The father confessed to the murder in a psychotic episode, but was later exonerated. The real murderer was serial killer Hadden Clark, who offered to disclose the body's location as part of a plea deal. Although this deal was not made, Clark still showed police where to find Dorr's body, after his conviction.|
|Helle Crafts||Richard Crafts||Newtown, Connecticut||November 19, 1986||November 21, 1989||A Danish-American woman murdered by her husband, in a case popularly known as the "wood-chipper murder". It is believed Helle Crafts had been beaten to death and was then dismembered, frozen and placed in a wood chipper aimed over a bridge. Fragments of a body were found, yet only a tooth with a filling as well as hair consistent with the victim's indicated the body was Crafts'. Despite this, the case is often referred to as a conviction without a body, as the remains could not be definitively proven to be that of Crafts. It was the first bodyless murder conviction in Connecticut history. Initially, a trial in 1987 was mistrialed.|
|James Doxtator, Richard Guerrero, Edward Smith, David Thomas||Jeffrey Dahmer||Various||January 16, 1988 - September 24, 1990||February 15 - May 22, 1992||The bodies were dismembered and taken out with the trash, pulverized and scattered in the woods, or dissolved in acid.|
|Carla Almeida||Tevfik Sivri||Trumbull, Connecticut||April 18, 1988||1995||Almeida visited Sivri's home as a masseuse. The prosecution used blood analysis to confirm the murder. The amount of blood found in Sivri's house and trunk made it unlikely for Almeida to have survived the attack.|
|Ruby Morris||Earl Morris||Cave Creek, Arizona||June 3, 1989||March 3, 1992||Prosecution used blood analysis to prove that Ruby was dead because of the large amount of blood found in Earl's El Camino.|
|Scott Dunn||Leisha Hamilton, Timothy James Smith||Lubbock, Texas||May 31, 1991||1996||Law enforcement used blood analysis to claim that Scott Dunn could not have survived. Body was found in 2016.|
|Rose Larner||John Ortiz-Kehoe||Albion, Michigan||December 7, 1993||1997||Billy Brown told police that Kehoe killed Rose Larner and that he helped Kehoe cover up the evidence by burning her body and then scattering her ashes on highways.|
||Colvin "Butch" Hinton||Atlanta, Georgia||March 26, 1994||August 2004||Hinton dismembered her body and burned in a fire pit. |
|Don Harden||Dale Whitmer||San Diego, CA||March 29, 1994||October 2, 1997||Whitmer was a homeless man that stayed in the Harden's back yard in an RV, they only found Harden's hands.|
|Kiplyn Davis||Timmy Brent Olsen||Spanish Fork, Utah||May 2, 1995||February 11, 2011||15-year-old girl last seen taking lunch at Spanish Fork High School, which she attended. Although Olsen pled guilty to her manslaughter, he claimed another person killed Davis with a rock, and that he only helped conceal the body. However, he refuses to reveal the other person's identity or the body's location.|
|Yolanda Panek||Abdur Rashid Al-Wadud||Portland, Oregon||July 13, 1995||March 25, 1996||A young mother who went missing from a motel in Portland, Oregon. Her room was discovered with a blood-soaked mattress, and her personal effects were found in the motel trash. Her 2-year-old son was found the following morning, alive, in her locked car nearby. Panek's common-law husband, Abdur Rashid Al-Wadud, was charged with her murder within one week of her disappearance, and convicted in March 1996.|
|Diane van Reeth||John "Jack" Kalhauser||Arizona||August 10, 1995||1999||The wife of the convict, a serial killer.|
|Madalyn Murray O'Hair, Jon Garth Murray, Robin Murray O'Hair||David Roland Waters, Gary Paul Karr||San Antonio, Texas||September 29, 1995||August 2000||The ruling board of American Atheists, Inc., who were abducted, robbed and murdered in a conspiracy led by Waters, a former employee who had a personal vendetta against Madalyn. Waters was helped by Karr and a third man, Danny Fry, who was also murdered by Waters and Karr. Five months after their conviction, Waters led the FBI to the shallow grave where they had buried the three victims and the head and hands of Fry.|
|Justina Morales||Luis Santiago||New York City||December 31, 1995||1997||The abused eight-year-old daughter of the convict's girlfriend. Her disappearance was not reported nor investigated until more than a year after her death.|
|Robert Wykel||Myron C. Wynn||Burien, Washington||February 21, 1996||April 2011||A man robbed and murdered by Wynn, who had accompanied him to look at an old car he was considering purchasing. Wynn repeatedly changed his account of the time he spent with Wykel when he was confronted with new information; police later linked him to the crime through a distinctive diamond very similar to one from a ring Wykel wore and an incriminating remark he made to a friend that contradicted what he had earlier told police.|
|April Dawn Pennington||George M. Leniart||Uncasville, Connecticut||May 29, 1996||2010||Patrick Allain testified that George Leinart raped and killed Pennington |
|Anne Marie Fahey||Thomas Capano||Wilmington, Delaware||June 27, 1996||January 17, 1999||A woman murdered by her lover, the former attorney general of Delaware, after she was last seen dining with him outside their native state. It is believed that her body was dumped in the ocean near New Jersey. Capano was having an affair with the victim prior to her murder.|
|Janet Levine March||Perry and Arthur March||Nashville, Tennessee||August 15, 1996||August 16, 2006||A woman who disappeared after supposedly having an argument with her husband, who moved to Mexico with their children several years later. Perry March was convicted after ten years due to inconsistencies in his story and incriminating statements made to fellow jail inmates. Arthur March, his father, confessed to placing Janet's body in a pile of cleared brush where it was burned.|
|Irene Silverman||Kenneth and Sante Kimes||New York City||June 1998||2000||A woman killed by a mother-son con artist team as part of an identity-theft scheme. At trial Kenneth testified to disposing of her body.|
|Katie Poirier||Donald Blom||Moose Lake, Minnesota||May 26, 1999||2000||A woman abducted from her job at a local convenience store. Bone chips and a tooth found in a fire pit on Blom's property were linked to her, although DNA could not be tested; surveillance video also suggested he was the abductor. It was the first bodyless murder conviction in Minnesota history.|
|Girly Chew Hossencofft||Diazien Hossencofft, Linda Henning||Albuquerque, New Mexico||September 9, 1999||2002||A Malaysian-American woman murdered by her husband and his mistress. Blood matched to the victim was in a large quantity which proved she could not have survived the attack.|
|Logan Tucker||Katherine Rutan||Woodward, Oklahoma||June 23, 2002||2007||A six-year-old boy who vanished in 2002. His mother was eventually convicted of his death.|
|Thomas and Jackie Hawks||Skylar Julius Deleon, Jennifer Henderson, John Kennedy, Alonso Machain||Prescott, Arizona||November 15, 2004||November 17, 2006 – May 1, 2009||A couple believed to have been murdered for monetary reasons. Their bodies are believed to have been thrown into the body of water on which their vessel was traveling.|
|Nina Reiser||Hans Reiser||Oakland, California||September 3, 2006||April 28, 2008||The convict's wife. He was given a reduced charge of second degree murder in exchange for disclosing the location of the victim's remains, which were recovered in 2008.|
|Shamaia Smith||Kenneth Otto Sr||Vernon Rockville, CT||March 14, 2007||Feb 11, 2009||He shot and killed Smith and then burned her body |
|Julie Ann Gonzalez||George De La Cruz||Austin, Texas||March 26, 2010||April 22, 2015||Victim was the convict's estranged wife. The state would not entertain deals for a lenient sentence in exchange for information about victim's fate.|
|Sierra LaMar||Antolin Garcia-Torres||Morgan Hill, California||March 16, 2012||May 9, 2017 (sentenced December 2017)||Sierra, a fifteen-year-old high schooler, disappeared one morning after missing her school bus. Her cellphone was found the day after she disappeared, a few blocks away from her bus stop, and then her clothing and purse were found the day after. The discovery of these items suggested she was not a runaway. DNA from Garcia-Torres was found on Sierra's purse. Garcia-Torres was also linked to attempted kidnappings of women in Safeway parking lots in Morgan Hill beginning in 2009 and was tried for these kidnappings during the trial. Garcia-Torres was convicted of murdering Sierra and sentenced to life without parole in 2017. Her body has never been found.|
|Kelsie Schelling||Donthe Lucas||Pueblo, Colorado||Feb 4, 2013||March 8, 2021||Prosecution built a circumstantial case off a hair found in the tire well of Schelling's car, a prison inmate that stated Lucas confessed that he killed Schelling, and a series of circumstantial evidence that Lucas stole Schelling's car, cell phone and $400 from her ATM. |
|Jessica Heeringa||Jeffrey Willis||Norton Shores, Michigan||April 26, 2013||May 16, 2018||Willis was serving life in prison since 2017 for the 2014 murder of Rebekah Blestch. Police had suspected Willis of kidnapping and murdering Heeringa as well, ever since the Blestch murder investigation began, but Heeringa's body was never found. Willis was convicted and sentenced to life in prison. His cousin Kevin Bluhm pleaded guilty to being an accessory after the fact by helping him dispose of her body, and received five years probation.|
|Sarah Stern||Liam McAtasney||Belmar, New Jersey||December 2, 2016||June 21, 2019||19 year old Sarah Stern disappeared in December 2016 and was declared missing when her car was found abandoned on a bridge in Belmar, New Jersey. She was first believed to have either faked her death or committed suicide, but it was later discovered that she was murdered by her childhood friend Liam McAtasney. McAtasney, who found out that Sarah had recently received over $10,000 from her late mother, strangled Sarah to death and with the help of his friend and roommate at the time, Preston Taylor, disposed of the body by throwing it over the same bridge where her car was found. Her body was never found and is believed to have drifted out to sea before it could be recovered. McAtasney was able to be convicted due to Taylor's testimony, evidence gathered by investigators (namely a lockbox hidden by the McAtasney twins that contained Sarah's money, Liam had the key to the lockbox in his possession at the time of his arrest), and his accidental self-incrimination when he confessed to the murder during a conversation with a friend whose car was equipped with an electronic device to tape and audio record the conversation.|
|Yingying Zhang||Brent Christensen||Champaign, Illinois||June 9, 2017||July 18, 2019||Christensen abducted Zhang after she missed her bus. Another woman, Emily Hogan, stated that Christensen posed as a police officer, similar to Ted Bundy, who Christensen idolized. Christensen confessed to his ex-girlfriend that he had cut Zhang up into 3 pieces and dumped her body into garbage cans.|
|Kelsey Berreth||Patrick Frazee||Cripple Creek, Colorado||Nov 20 2018||2019||Frazee's girlfriend testified of the murder |
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