List of named passenger trains of Japan

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This article contains lists of named passenger trains in Japan.

Shinkansen (bullet trains)[edit]

Train name Name meaning Operator Train endpoints Operated Maximum operating speed (km/h)
Aoba Green leaves JR East TokyoSendai 1982–1995 240
Asahi Morning Sun JR East TokyoNiigata 1982–2004 275
Asama refers to Mount Asama JR East TokyoNagano 1998– 260
Hakutaka White hawk JR East / JR-West Tokyo – Kanazawa 2015– 260
Hayabusa Peregrine falcon JR East / JR Hokkaido Tokyo – Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto 2011– 320
Hayate Strong wind JR East / JR Hokkaido Tokyo – Morioka and Morioka – Shin-Hakodate-Hokuto 2002– 275
Hikari Light JR Central / JR-West Tokyo – Hiroshima and NagoyaHakata 1964–
  • Tokaido Shinkansen: 285
  • Sanyo Shinkansen: 300
Hikari Rail Star Light – Rail Star JR-West Shin-ŌsakaHakata 2000– 285
Kagayaki Glitter JR East / JR-West Tokyo – Kanazawa 2015– 260
Kodama Echo JR Central / JR-West Tokyo – Shin-Ōsaka and Shin-ŌsakaHakata 1964– 285
Komachi Beauty (refers to Ono no Komachi) JR East Tokyo – Akita 1997– 320
Mizuho Harvest, also an ancient name of Japan JR Kyushu / JR-West Shin-Ōsaka – Kagoshima-Chūō 2011– 300
Nasuno refers to Nasu highlands JR East Tokyo – Kōriyama 1995– 275
Nozomi Hope JR Central / JR-West Tokyo – Shin-Ōsaka, Hakata 1992–
  • Tokaido Shinkansen: 285
  • Sanyo Shinkansen: 300
Sakura Cherry blossoms JR Kyushu / JR-West Shin-Ōsaka – Kagoshima-Chūō 2011– 300
Tanigawa refers to Mount Tanigawa JR East Tokyo – Echigo-Yuzawa 1997– 240
Toki Crested ibis JR East Tokyo – Niigata 1982–1997, 2004– 240
Tsubame Swallows JR Kyushu Hakata – Kagoshima-Chūō 2004– 260
Tsubasa Wings JR East Tokyo – Shinjō 1992– 275
Tsurugi refers to Mount Tsurugi JR-West ToyamaKanazawa 2015– 260
Yamabiko Mountain spirit JR East Tokyo – Morioka 1982– 275

Daytime trains[edit]

Limited express (partial list)[edit]

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
A-Train JR Kyushu Yoshizuka, HakataNagasu 1967–
Aizu Liner JR East Kōriyama – Aizu-Wakamatsu 1968–
Akagi / Swallow Akagi JR East Ueno, ShinjukuTakasaki, Maebashi 1982–
Ariake JR Kyushu KumamotoMisumi 1967–
Asagiri Odakyu Shinjuku – Gotemba 1991–
Ashizuri JR Shikoku KōchiNakamura 1990–
Ayame JR East Tokyo – Narita, Kashima Jingu, Chōshi 1975–2015
Azusa / Super Azusa JR East Shinjuku, Tokyo, Chiba – Matsumoto, Minami-Otari 1966–
Enoshima Odakyu ShinjukuFujisawaKatase-Enoshima 1964–
Fujikawa JR Central Kōfu – Shizuoka 1996–
Hakone / Super Hakone / Metro Hakone Odakyu Shinjuku, Kita-SenjuHakone-Yumoto 1950–
Hakuchō / Super Hakuchō JR East / JR Hokkaido Shin-Aomori, AomoriHakodate 2002–2016
Haruka JR-West Kyoto/Shin-ŌsakaKansai Airport 1993–
Hida JR Central Nagoya – Takayama, Toyama 1968–
Hitachi JR East ShinagawaIwaki 1969–
Hokuto / Super Hokuto JR Hokkaido Hakodate – Sapporo 1965–
Homeway / Metro Homeway Odakyu Shinjuku, Kita-Senju, ŌtemachiMachida, Sagami-Ōno, Hon-Atsugi, Odawara, Hakone-Yumoto, Karakida, Fujisawa, Katase-Enoshima 1999–
Huis Ten Bosch JR Kyushu Hakata – Huis Ten Bosch 1992–
Inaho JR East Niigata – Sakata, Akita 1969–
Inaji JR Central Toyohashi – Iida 1996–
Ishizuchi JR Shikoku Takamatsu – Matsuyama, Uwajima 1988–
Kaiji JR East Tokyo, Shinjuku – Kōfu, Ryūō 1988–
Kaio JR Kyushu Hakata – Nōgata 2001–
Kamome JR Kyushu Hakata – Saga, Hizen-Kashima, Nagasaki and Haiki – Nagasaki 1961–
Kamoshika JR East Akita – Aomori 1997–2010
Kinosaki JR-West Kyoto – Kinosaki Onsen 1996–
Kinugawa / Spacia Kinugawa JR East / Tōbu Shinjuku – Kinugawa-Onsen 2006–
Kirameki JR Kyushu Hakata – Kokura, Mojikō 2001–
Kirishima JR Kyushu MiyazakiMiyakonojō, Nishi-Miyakonojō, Kagoshima-Chūō and Kokubu – Kagoshima-Chūō 1995–
Kita-Kinki JR-West Shin-Ōsaka, Fukuchiyama – Toyooka, Kinosaki Onsen 1986–2011
Kounotori JR-West Shin-Ōsaka – Fukuchiyama, Toyooka, Kinosaki Onsen 2011–
Kumagawa JR Kyushu Kumamoto – Hitoyoshi 2004–
Kuroshio JR-West Kyoto, Shin-Ōsaka, Tennōji – Wakayama, Shirahama, Shingu 1965–
Kusatsu JR East Ueno – Manza-Kagawaguchi 1985–
Lilac JR Hokkaido SapporoAsahikawa 1980–2007
Midori JR Kyushu Hakata – Sasebo 1976–
Nanki JR Central Nagoya – Shingū Station, Kii-Katsuura 1978–
Nanpū JR Shikoku Okayama – Kōchi, Nakamura, Sukumo 1972–
Narita Express JR East Tokyo area – Narita Airport 1991–
Nikkō / Spacia Nikko JR East / Tōbu Shinjuku – Tōbu-Nikko 2006–
Odoriko / Super View Odoriko JR East / Izukyū / Izuhakone Railway Tokyo, Shinjuku, IkebukuroItō, Izukyū Shimoda, Shuzenji 1981–
Ohayo Express / Oyasumi Express JR-West Fukui – Kanazawa
  • Ohayo Express: 2001–
  • Oyasumi Express: 2004–
Ohayo Tochigi / Hometown Tochigi JR East Shinjuku – Utsunomiya, Kuroiso 1995–2010
Okhotsk JR Hokkaido Sapporo – Abashiri 1972–
Relay Tsubame JR Kyushu Hakata – Shin-Yatsushiro 2004–2011
Sagami / Metro Sagami Odakyu Shinjuku, Kita-Senju – Machida, Sagami-Ōno, Hon-Atsugi, Odawara 1950–
Sazanami JR East Tokyo – Kimitsu 1972–
Shimanto JR Shikoku Takamatsu – Kōchi, Sukumo 1988–
Shinano JR Central Ōsaka, Nagoya – Nagano 1968–
Shiokaze JR Shikoku Okayama – Imabari, Matsuyama, Uwajima 1972–
Shiosai JR East Tokyo, Shinjuku – Sakura, Narutō, Chōshi 1975–
Shirasagi JR-West Nagoya, Maibara – Kanazawa 1964–
Shirayuki JR East NiigataJōetsumyōkō 2015–
Skyliner Keisei Keisei UenoNarita Airport 1972–
Sonic JR Kyushu Hakata – Yanagigaura, Ōita, Saiki (via Nippō Main Line) 1997–
Super Inaba JR-West Okayama – Tottori 1993–
Super Kamui JR Hokkaido Sapporo – Asahikawa 2007–
Super Matsukaze JR-West TottoriMasuda 2003–
Super Oki JR-West Tottori – Yonago, Shin-Yamaguchi 2001–
Super Ozora JR Hokkaido Sapporo – Kushiro 1961–
Super Soya, Sarobetsu JR Hokkaido Sapporo – Wakkanai 2000–
Super Tokachi JR Hokkaido Sapporo – Obihiro 1990–
Super White Arrow JR Hokkaido New Chitose Airport, Sapporo – Asahikawa 1986–2007
Suzuran JR Hokkaido Muroran – Sapporo 1992–
Thunderbird JR-West Ōsaka – Kanazawa, Wakura-Onsen 1995–
Tokiwa JR East Shinagawa – Tsuchiura, Katsuta, Iwaki, Takahagi 2015–
Trans-Kyushu Limited Express JR Kyushu Beppu – Hitoyoshi, Kumamoto 2004–
Tsugaru JR East Akita – Aomori 2002–
Uwakai JR Shikoku Matsuyama – Uwajima 1990–
Uzushio JR Shikoku Okayama, TakamatsuTokushima 1988–
Wakashio JR East Shinjuku – Kazusa-Ichinomiya, Katsuura, Awa-Kamogawa 1972–
Tōkai JR Central Tokyo – Shizuoka 1996–2007
Yufu / Yufuin-no-mori JR Kyushu Hakata – Yufuin, Ōita, Beppu (via Kyūdai Main Line) 1989–
μ Sky Meitetsu Shin-Unuma, Shin-Kani, Mikakino, Meitetsu Gifu, Meitetsu NagoyaCentral Japan International Airport 2005–

Express[edit]

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Chichibuji Chichibu Railway Hanyū, KumagayaKagemori, Mitsumineguchi 1969–
Moriyoshi Akita Nairiku Jūkan Railway KakunodateTakanosu 1989–
SL Express Ōigawa Railway Shin-KanayaSenzu 1976–

Rapid[edit]

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Acty (ja) JR East TokyoAtami 1989–
Airport (ja) JR Hokkaido Otaru, Sapporo – New Chitose Airport 1992–
Aqua Liner (ja) JR-West YonagoMasuda 2001–
Aterui JR East Mizusawa – Morioka 2001–
Central Liner (ja) JR Central Nagoya – Nakatsugawa 1999–2013
Hamayuri (ja) JR East Morioka – Kamaishi (via Kamaishi Line) 2002–
Kansai Airport Rapid Service (ja) JR-West Tennōji – Kansai Airport (via Ōsaka) 1994–
Karikachi (ja) JR Hokkaido Takikawa, AsahikawaObihiro 1990–
Kishuji Rapid Service (ja) JR-West Tennōji – Wakayama, Kainan, Gobō, Kii-Tanabe (via Ōsaka) 1999–
Kitami JR Hokkaido AsahikawaKitami 1998–
Kubikino JR East AraiNiigata 2002–2015
Marine Liner JR-West / JR Shikoku OkayamaTakamatsu 1988–
Mie (ja) JR Central / Ise Tetsudo Nagoya – Toba 1990–
Nayoro (ja) JR Hokkaido AsahikawaNayoro 1965–
Rabbit (ja) JR East Tokyo – Utsunomiya, Kuroiso 1988–
Rias (ja) JR East Morioka – Miyako (via Yamada Line) 1988–
Shōnan Liner JR East Tokyo – Odawara (Some of trains pass Tōkaidō Freight Line) 1986–
Tambaji Rapid Service (ja) JR-West Ōsaka – Sasayamaguchi 2000–
Tottori Liner (ja) JR-West Tottori – Yonago, Izumoshi 2001–
Urban (ja) JR East Tokyo – Takasaki, Maebashi 1989–
Yamatoji Rapid Service (ja) JR-West Tennōji – Kamo (via Ōsaka) 1989–

Night trains[edit]

Limited express[edit]

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Akatsuki JR-West KyotoNagasaki 1965–Mar 2008
Akebono JR East Ueno (Tokyo)Aomori 1970–Jan 2015
Asakaze JR-West Tokyo – Shimonoseki 1956–Mar 2005
Cassiopeia JR East Ueno – Sapporo 1999–Mar 2016
Dream Nichirin JR Kyushu HakataMinami Miyazaki, Miyazaki Airport 1993–2011
Fuji JR Kyushu Tokyo – Ōita 1964–Mar 2009
Hayabusa JR Kyushu Tokyo – Kumamoto 1958–Mar 2009
Hokuriku JR East Ueno – Kanazawa 1947–Mar 2010
Hokutosei JR East / JR Hokkaido Ueno – Sapporo 1988–August 2015
Izumo JR East Tokyo – Izumoshi (via Tottori) 1972–Mar 2006
Marimo JR Hokkaido Sapporo – Kushiro 2001–2008
Naha JR Kyushu Kyoto – Kumamoto 1968–Mar 2008
Nihonkai JR-West / JR East Ōsaka – Aomori 1968–Mar 2012
Sunrise Izumo JR Central / JR-West Tokyo – Izumoshi (via Okayama) 1998–
Sunrise Seto JR Central / JR-West Tokyo – Takamatsu 1998–
Okhotsk JR Hokkaido Sapporo – Abashiri 1992–Mar 2006; Daytime service continues
Rishiri JR Hokkaido Sapporo – Wakkanai 2000–2007
Sakura JR Kyushu Tokyo – Nagasaki 1959–Mar 2005
Suisei JR-West Kyoto – Minami-Miyazaki 1968–2005
Twilight Express JR-West Ōsaka – Sapporo 1989–Mar 2015
Oze yakō 23:55 / Snowpal 23:55 Tobu Railway AsakusaAizukōgen-Ozeguchi 1986–; Climbing and skiing season only

Express[edit]

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Daisen JR-West Ōsaka – Yonago (via San'in Main Line) 1968–Oct 2004
Ginga JR-West Tokyo – Ōsaka 1950–Mar 2008
Hamanasu JR Hokkaido Aomori – Sapporo 1955–Mar 2016
Kitaguni JR-West Ōsaka – Niigata 1968–Jan 2013
Noto JR East Ueno – Kanazawa 1975–Feb 2012

Rapid[edit]

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Moonlight Echigo JR East Shinjuku – Niigata 1986–May 2014
Moonlight Nagara JR East / JR Central Tokyo – Ōgaki 1996–

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • JR Timetable, December 2008
  • JR新幹線&特急列車ファイル (JR Shinkansen & Limited Express Train File). Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun. 2008. ISBN 978-4-330-00608-6. 
  • 列車名鑑1995 (Train Name Directory 1995). Japan: Railway Journal. August 1995.