List of named passenger trains of Japan

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This article contains lists of named passenger trains in Japan.

Shinkansen (bullet trains)[edit]

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated Maximum Operating Speed (kmph)
Aoba JR East Tokyo - Sendai 1982–1995 240
Asahi JR East Tokyo - Niigata 1982–2004 275
Asama JR East Tokyo - Nagano 1998– 260
Hakutaka JR East / JR West Tokyo - Kanazawa 2015– 260
Hayabusa JR East Tokyo - Shin-Aomori 2011– 320
Hayate JR East Tokyo - Shin-Aomori 2002– 275
Hikari JR Central / JR West Tokyo - Hiroshima and Nagoya - Hakata 1964– 270 (Tokaido Shinkansen) / 300 (Sanyo Shinkansen)
Hikari Rail Star JR West Shin-Ōsaka - Hakata 2000– 285
Kagayaki JR East / JR West Tokyo - Kanazawa 2015– 260
Kodama JR Central / JR West Tokyo - Shin-Ōsaka and Shin-Ōsaka - Hakata 1964– 285
Komachi JR East Tokyo - Akita 1997– 320
Mizuho JR Kyushu / JR West Kagoshima-Chūō 2011– 300
Nasuno JR East Tokyo - Kōriyama 1995– 240
Nozomi JR Central / JR West Tokyo - Shin-Ōsaka, Hakata 1992– 285 (Tokaido Shinkansen) / 300 (Sanyo Shinkansen)
Sakura JR Kyushu / JR West Shin-Ōsaka - Kagoshima-Chūō 2011– 300
Tanigawa JR East Tokyo - Echigo-Yuzawa 1997– 240
Toki JR East Tokyo - Niigata 1982–1997, 2004– 240
Tsubame JR Kyushu Hakata - Kagoshima-Chūō 2004– 260
Tsubasa JR East Tokyo - Shinjō 1992– 275
Tsurugi JR West Toyama - Kanazawa 2015– 260
Yamabiko JR East Tokyo - Morioka 1982– 275

Daytime trains[edit]

Limited express (partial list)[edit]

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Aizu JR East Kōriyama - Aizu-Wakamatsu 1968–2002
Akagi / Swallow Akagi JR East Ueno, Shinjuku - Takasaki, Maebashi 1982–
Ayame JR East Tokyo - Narita, Kashima Jingu, Chōshi 1975–2015
Azusa / Super Azusa JR East Shinjuku, Tokyo, Chiba - Matsumoto, Minami-Otari 1966–
Hitachi JR East Shinagawa - Iwaki 1969–
Inaho JR East Niigata - Sakata, Akita 1969–
Hakuchō / Super Hakuchō JR East / JR Hokkaido Shin-Aomori, Aomori - Hakodate 2002–
Kaiji JR East Tokyo, Shinjuku - Kōfu, Ryūō 1988–
Kamoshika JR East Akita - Aomori 1997–2010
Kinugawa / Spacia Kinugawa JR East / Tōbu Shinjuku - Kinugawa-Onsen 2006–
Kusatsu JR East Ueno - Manza-Kagawaguchi 1985–
Narita Express JR East Tokyo area - Narita Airport 1991–
Nikkō / Spacia Nikko JR East / Tōbu Shinjuku - Tōbu-Nikko 2006–
Odoriko / Super View Odoriko JR East / Izukyū / Izuhakone Railway Tokyo, Shinjuku, Ikebukuro - Itō, Izukyū Shimoda, Shuzenji 1981–
Sazanami JR East Tokyo - Kimitsu 1972–
Shiosai JR East Tokyo, Shinjuku - Sakura, Narutō, Chōshi 1975–
Shirayuki JR East Niigata - Jōetsumyōkō 2015–
Ohayo Tochigi / Hometown Tochigi JR East Shinjuku - Utsunomiya, Kuroiso 1995–2010
Tokiwa JR East Shinagawa - Tsuchiura, Katsuta, Iwaki, Takahagi 2015–
Tsugaru JR East Akita - Aomori 2002–
Wakashio JR East Shinjuku - Kazusa-Ichinomiya, Katsuura, Awa-Kamogawa 1972–
Asagiri Odakyu Shinjuku - Gotemba 1991–
Fujikawa JR Central Kōfu - Shizuoka 1996–
Hida JR Central Nagoya - Takayama, Toyama 1968–
Inaji JR Central Toyohashi - Iida 1996–
Nanki JR Central Nagoya - Shingū Station, Kii-Katsuura 1978–
Shinano JR Central Osaka, Nagoya - Nagano 1968–
Tōkai JR Central Tokyo - Shizuoka 1996–2007
Super Inaba JR West Okayama - Tottori 1993–
Haruka JR West Kyoto/Shin-Ōsaka - Kansai Airport 1993–
Kinosaki JR West Kyoto - Kinosaki Onsen 1996–
Kita-Kinki JR West Shin-Osaka, Fukuchiyama - Toyooka, Kinosaki Onsen 1986–2011
Kounotori JR West Shin-Osaka - Fukuchiyama, Toyooka, Kinosaki Onsen 2011–
Kuroshio JR West Kyoto, Shin-Osaka, Tennoji - Wakayama, Shirahama, Shingu 1965–
Ohayo Express, Oyasumi Express JR West Fukui - Kanazawa 2001–(Ohayo Express), 2004–(Oyasumi Express)
Super Oki JR West Tottori - Yonago, Shin-Yamaguchi 2001–
Super Matsukaze JR West Tottori - Masuda 2003–
Shirasagi JR West Nagoya, Maibara - Kanazawa 1964–
Thunderbird JR West Osaka - Kanazawa, Wakura-Onsen 1995–
Lilac JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Asahikawa 1980–2007
Okhotsk JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Abashiri 1972–
Hokuto / Super Hokuto JR Hokkaido Hakodate - Sapporo 1965–
Super Kamui JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Asahikawa 2007–
Super Ozora JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Kushiro 1961–
Super Soya, Sarobetsu JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Wakkanai 2000–
Super Tokachi JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Obihiro 1990–
Super White Arrow JR Hokkaido New Chitose Airport, Sapporo - Asahikawa 1986–2007
Suzuran JR Hokkaido Muroran - Sapporo 1992–
Ashizuri JR Shikoku Kōchi - Nakamura 1990–
Ishizuchi JR Shikoku Takamatsu - Matsuyama, Uwajima 1988–
Nanpū JR Shikoku Okayama - Kōchi, Nakamura, Sukumo 1972–
Shimanto JR Shikoku Takamatsu - Kōchi, Sukumo 1988–
Shiokaze JR Shikoku Okayama - Imabari, Matsuyama, Uwajima 1972–
Uzushio JR Shikoku Okayama, Takamatsu - Tokushima 1988–
Uwakai JR Shikoku Matsuyama - Uwajima 1990–
A-Train JR Kyushu Yoshizuka, Hakata - Nagasu 1967–
Ariake JR Kyushu Kumamoto - Misumi 1967–
Huis Ten Bosch JR Kyushu Hakata - Huis Ten Bosch 1992–
Kaio JR Kyushu Hakata - Nōgata 2001–
Kamome JR Kyushu Hakata - Saga, Hizen-Kashima, Nagasaki and Haiki - Nagasaki 1961–
Kirameki JR Kyushu Hakata - Kokura, Mojikō 2001–
Kirishima JR Kyushu Miyazaki - Miyakonojō, Nishi-Miyakonojō, Kagoshima-Chūō and Kokubu - Kagoshima-Chūō 1995–
Kumagawa JR Kyushu Kumamoto - Hitoyoshi 2004–
Midori JR Kyushu Hakata - Sasebo 1976–
Relay Tsubame JR Kyushu Hakata - Shin-Yatsushiro 2004–2011
Sonic JR Kyushu Hakata - Yanagigaura, Ōita, Saiki (via Nippō Main Line) 1997–
Trans-Kyushu Limited Express JR Kyushu Beppu - Hitoyoshi, Kumamoto 2004–
Yufu / Yufuin-no-mori JR Kyushu Hakata - Yufuin, Ōita, Beppu (via Kyūdai Main Line) 1989–
Enoshima Odakyu Shinjuku - Fujisawa - Katase-Enoshima 1964–
Hakone / Super Hakone / Metro Hakone Odakyu Shinjuku, Kita-Senju - Hakone-Yumoto 1950–
Homeway / Metro Homeway Odakyu Shinjuku, Kita-Senju, Ōtemachi - Machida, Sagami-Ōno, Hon-Atsugi, Odawara, Hakone-Yumoto, Karakida, Fujisawa, Katase-Enoshima 1999–
Sagami / Metro Sagami Odakyu Shinjuku, Kita-Senju - Machida, Sagami-Ōno, Hon-Atsugi, Odawara 1950–
Skyliner Keisei Keisei Ueno - Narita Airport 1972–
μ Sky Meitetsu Shin-Unuma, Shin-Kani, Mikakino, Meitetsu Gifu, Meitetsu Nagoya - Central Japan International Airport 2005–

Express[edit]

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Moriyoshi Akita Nairiku Jūkan Railway Kakunodate - Takanosu 1989–
Chichibuji Chichibu Railway Hanyū, Kumagaya - Kagemori, Mitsumineguchi 1969–
SL Express Ōigawa Railway Shin-Kanaya - Senzu 1976–

Rapid[edit]

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Airport JR Hokkaido Otaru, Sapporo - New Chitose Airport 1992–
Aterui JR East Mizusawa - Morioka 2001–
Acty JR East Tokyo - Atami 1989–
Aqua Liner JR West Yonago - Masuda 2001–
Central Liner JR Central Nagoya - Nakatsugawa 1999–2013
Hamayuri JR East Morioka - Kamaishi (via Kamaishi Line) 2002–
Kankū-Kaisoku JR West Osaka Loop Line - Kansai Airport (via Tennōji) 1994–
Karikachi JR Hokkaido Takikawa, Asahikawa - Obihiro 1990–
Kishuji-Kaisoku JR West Osaka Loop Line - Wakayama, Kainan, Gobō, Kii-Tanabe (via Tennōji) 1999–
Kitami JR Hokkaido Asahikawa - Kitami 1998–
Kubikino JR East Arai - Niigata 2002–2015
Marine Liner JR West / JR Shikoku Okayama - Takamatsu 1988–
Mie JR Central / Ise Tetsudo Nagoya - Toba 1990–
Nayoro JR Hokkaido Asahikawa - Nayoro 1965–
Rabbit JR East Tokyo - Utsunomiya, Kuroiso 1988–
Rias JR East Morioka - Miyako (via Yamada Line) 1988–
Shōnan Liner JR East Tokyo - Odawara (Some of trains pass Tōkaidō Freight Line) 1986–
Tanbaji-Kaisoku JR West Osaka - Sasayamaguchi 2000–
Tottori Liner JR West Tottori - Yonago, Izumoshi 2001–
Urban JR East Tokyo - Takasaki, Maebashi 1989–

Night trains[edit]

Limited express[edit]

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Akatsuki JR West Kyoto - Nagasaki 1965–Mar 2008
Akebono JR East Ueno (Tokyo) - Aomori 1970–Jan 2015
Asakaze JR West Tokyo - Shimonoseki 1956–Mar 2005
Cassiopeia JR East Ueno - Sapporo 1999–
Dream Nichirin JR Kyushu Hakata - Minami Miyazaki, Miyazaki Airport 1993–2011
Fuji JR Kyushu Tokyo - Ōita 1964–Mar 2009
Hayabusa JR Kyushu Tokyo - Kumamoto 1958–Mar 2009
Hokuriku JR East Ueno - Kanazawa 1947–Mar 2010
Hokutosei JR East / JR Hokkaido Ueno - Sapporo 1988–
Izumo JR East Tokyo - Izumoshi (via Tottori) 1972–Mar 2006
Marimo JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Kushiro 2001–2008
Naha JR Kyushu Kyoto - Kumamoto 1968–Mar 2008
Nihonkai JR West / JR East Osaka - Aomori 1968–Mar 2012
Sunrise Izumo JR Central / JR West Tokyo - Izumoshi (via Okayama) 1998–
Sunrise Seto JR Central / JR West Tokyo - Takamatsu 1998–
Okhotsk JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Abashiri 1992–Mar 2006; Daytime service continues
Rishiri JR Hokkaido Sapporo - Wakkanai 2000–2007
Sakura JR Kyushu Tokyo - Nagasaki 1959–Mar 2005
Suisei JR West Kyoto - Minami-Miyazaki 1968–2005
Twilight Express JR West Osaka - Sapporo 1989–Mar 2015
Oze-Yakō 23:55 / Snowpal 23:55 Tōbu Asakusa - Aizukōgen-Ozeguchi 1986–; Climbing and skiing season only

Express[edit]

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Daisen JR West Osaka - Yonago (via San'in Main Line) 1968–Oct 2004
Ginga JR West Tokyo - Osaka 1950–Mar 2008
Hamanasu JR Hokkaido Aomori - Sapporo 1955–
Kitaguni JR West Osaka - Niigata 1968–Jan 2013
Noto JR East Ueno - Kanazawa 1975–Feb 2012

Rapid[edit]

Train name Operator Train endpoints Operated
Moonlight Echigo JR East Shinjuku - Niigata 1986–May 2014
Moonlight Nagara JR East / JR Central Tokyo - Ōgaki 1996–

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • JR Timetable, December 2008
  • JR新幹線&特急列車ファイル (JR Shinkansen & Limited Express Train File). Japan: Kōtsū Shimbun. 2008. ISBN 978-4-330-00608-6. 
  • 列車名鑑1995 (Train Name Directory 1995). Japan: Railway Journal. August 1995.