List of irregularly spelled English names

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This is a set of lists of English personal and place names having spellings that are counterintuitive to their pronunciation because the spelling does not accord with conventional pronunciation associations, or because a better known namesake with the same spelling has a markedly different pronunciation. The latter types are known as heterophonic names or heterophones (unlike heterographs, which are written differently but pronounced the same).

Excluded are the numerous spellings which fail to make the pronunciation obvious without actually being at odds with convention: for example, the pronunciation /skəˈnɛktədi/[1][2] of Schenectady is not immediately obvious, but neither is it counterintuitive.

See Help:IPA/English for guides to the IPA symbols used, and variations depending on dialect.[n 1]

Place names[edit]

Boldened names indicate place names where only one part is pronounced irregularly, italicized pronunciations are uncommon.

General rules
Name element Pronunciation Notes
Respelling IPA
-ane ahn /ɑːn/ In Irish names
-borough b(ə)rə /b(ə)rə/
-burgh b(ə)rə /b(ə)rə/
-bury b(ə)r-ee /b(ə)ri/
-cambe kəm /kəm/
-cester stər /stər/
-c(o)omb(e) kəm /kəm/
-ford fərd /fərd/
-ham əm /əm/
-holm(e) like home /hoʊm/
-mouth məth /məθ/
-quay kee /kiː/
-shire shər /ʃər/
-wich ich, ij /ɪtʃ/, /ɪdʒ/
-wick ik /ɪk/
Innis- IN-ish /ˈɪnɪʃ/

This list does not include place names in the United Kingdom or the United States; or places following spelling conventions of non-English languages. For UK place names, see List of irregularly spelled places in the United Kingdom. For US place names, see List of irregularly spelled places in the United States.

Specific places
Country Place Pronunciation Notes
Respelling IPA
Canada Agassiz AG-ə-see /ˈæɡəsi/[3]
Ireland Aghabullogue a-HAB-ul-ug /æˈhæbʌlʌɡ/
Australia Albany AL-bə-nee /ˈælbəni/[n 2]
Ireland Athy ath-EYE /æˈθaɪ/
Canada Baie d'Espoir[n 3] like "Bay Despair" /ˌbdɪsˈpɛər/
Australia Barcaldine BAR-kawl-din /bɑːrˈkɔːldɪn/
New Zealand Blenheim BLEN-əm /ˈblɛnəm/
Australia Boroondara bohr-ən-DA-rə /ˌbɔːrənˈdærə/
boor-ən-DA-rə /ˌbʊrənˈdærə/
Ireland Boyounagh BWEE-nəkh /ˈbwiːnəx/
Ireland Breaffy BRAY-fee /ˈbreɪfiː/
Australia Brisbane BRIZ-bən /ˈbrɪzbən/
New Zealand Bryndwr BRIND-wər /ˈbrɪndwər/
Ireland Cahir like care /ˈkɛər/
Australia Cairns like cans /ˈkænz/ Australian pronunciation only
Australia Canberra KAN-bə-rə /ˈkænbərə/[n 4]
Australia Canowindra kə-NOWN-drə /kəˈnndrə/
New Zealand Charleston CHAR-ləs-tən /ˈɑːrləstən/
Ireland Cloghore kly-HOHR /klaɪˈhɔːr/ place in County Donegal
Australia Cockburn like Coburn /ˈkbɜːrn/[n 5]
Ireland Connacht KON-aw(kh)t /kɒnɔː(x)t/ also rarely spelled "Connaught"
Australia Darebin DA-rə-bin /ˈdærəbɪn/
Canada Delhi DEL-hy /ˈdɛlh/
Ireland Donegal dun-i-GAWL /dʌnɪgɔːl/
New Zealand Dunedin də-NEE-dən /dəˈndən/
Australia Dunedoo dun-ee-DOO /ˌdʌniˈd/
Canada Etobicoke i-toh-bi-koh /ɪˈtbɪk/
Australia Fairbairn FAYR-burn /ˈfɛərbɜːrn/
Australia Forster like Foster /ˈfɒstər/
Canada Gaultois GAWL-təs /ˈɡɔːltəs/
New Zealand Gisborne GIZ-bərn /ˈɡɪzbərn/
Australia Gladstone GLAD-stən /ˈɡlædstən/
Australia Goondiwindi gun-də-WIN-dee /ˌɡʌndəˈwɪndi/
Canada Grand Bruit GRAND-brit /ˈɡrændbrɪt/
Australia Greenough GREN-uf /ˈgrɛnʌf/
New Zealand Greymouth GRAY-mouth, not GRAY-məth /ˈɡrmθ/, not /ˈɡrməθ/
Australia Gumeracha gum-ə-RAK /ˌɡʌməˈrækə/
Australia Indooroopilly in-drə-PIH-lee /ˌɪndrəˈpɪli/
Ireland Inistioge in-ish-TEEG /ɪnɪʃˈtiːɡ/
Ireland Kiltimagh kil-chi-MO /kɪltʃɪˈmɒ/
Australia Kolan River koh-LAN /ˈklæn/
New Zealand Kurow KOO-rao /ˈkʊər/
Canada L'Ardoise LORD-wayz /ˈlɔːrdwz/
Australia Lalor like Lawlor /ˈlɔːlər/
Australia Launceston LON-səs-tən /ˈlɒnsəstən/ Also pronounced LAWN-səs-tən by non-Tasmanians
Ireland Leap LEP /ˈlɛp/
Ireland Leighlin LOKH-lin /ˈlɒxlɪn/
Ireland Leighlinbridge LOKH-lin-brij /ˈlɒxlɪnbrɪdʒ/
Ireland Leinster LEN-stər /ˈlɛnstər/
New Zealand Levin lə-VIN /ləˈvɪn/
Australia Mackay mə-KY /məˈk/[n 6] As in Scotland
Canada Magaguadavic mak-ə-DAY-vee /ˌmækəˈdvi/[4]
Australia Mandurah MAN-jə-rə /ˈmænərə/
Australia Mandurama man-JOO-rə-mə /mænˈʊərəmə/
Australia Manuka MAH-nə-kə /ˈmɑːnəkə/
Ireland Maynooth mə-NOOTH /məˈnuːθ/
Australia Mount Kosciuszko koz-ee-OS-koh /kɒziˈɒsk/[5][n 7]
Ireland Mountcharles mownt-CHAR-liss /maʊntˈtʃɑːrlɪs/
Australia Mudgeeraba mu-jee-RAH-bə /ˌmʌɪˈrɑːbə/
Australia Mukinbudin MUK-in-boo-din /ˈmʌkɪnbdɪn/
Ireland Mweelrea mwayl-REE /mweɪlˈriːə/
Ireland Naas NAYSS /ˈneɪs/
New Zealand Northcote NORTH-kət /ˈnɔːrθkət/
Canada Osoyoos OS-oo-yəs /ɒˈsjəs/
OS-oo-yooss /ɒˈsjs/
SOO-yooss /ˈsjs/
Canada Ossington Avenue OZ-ing-tən /ˈɒzɪŋtən/
Ireland Owenabue ohn-ə-BWEE /oʊnəˈbwiː/ river in County Cork
New Zealand Point Chevalier POYNT-shev-ə-LEER /ˈpɔɪnɛvəˈlɪər/
Trinidad and Tobago Pointe-à-Pierre poynt-ə-PEER /ˌpɔɪntəˈpɪər/
Canada Pouce Coupe POOSS-koo-pee /ˈpskp/
Australia Prahran p(ə)-RAN /p(ə')ræn/
Canada Quesnel qui-NEL /kwɪˈnɛl/
Canada Quidi Vidi KID-ee-vid-ee /ˈkɪdiˌvɪdi/
Canada Quirpon KAR-poon /ˈkɑːrpn/
Ireland Raphoe RAF-oh /ˈræfoʊ/
Ireland River Suir SHOOR /ˈʃʊər/
Canada Rusagonis-Waasis roo-shah-GORN-ish /ˌrʃɑːˈɡɔːrnɪʃ/[6]
Canada Saanich SAN-ich /ˈsænɪ/
Canada Sault Sainte Marie SOO-saynt-mə-REE /ˈs snt məˈr/
Canada Sechelt SEE-shelt /ˈsʃɛlt/
Canada Sheshatshiu SHEH-hah-shee /ˈʃɛhɑːʃ/
Canada Skidegate SKID-i-ghit /ˈskɪdɪɡɪt/
Canada Stouffville STOH-vil /ˈstvɪl/
Canada Strachan Avenue, Toronto STRAWN /ˈstrɔːn/
Australia Strahan STRAWN /ˈstrɔːn/
Ireland Tallaght TAL /ˈtælə/
Australia Tallangatta tə-LAN-gə-tə /təˈlæŋɡətə/
New Zealand Thames TEMZ /ˈtɛmz/
Canada Thames River TEMZ /ˈtɛmz/
Canada The Pas dhə-PAH /ðəˈpɑː/
Ireland Thurles THUR-less /ˈθɜːrlɛs/
Australia Tiaro TY-roh /ˈtr/
Canada Tsawwasen tə-WAH-sən /təˈwɑːsən/ Also pronounced with first "s" or without "t"
Ireland Tuam CHOO-əm /ˈtʃuːəm/
Australia Wagga Wagga WOG-ə-WOG /ˈwɒɡəˌwɒɡə/
Australia Wangi Wangi WON-jee-WON-jee /ˈwɒniˌwɒni/
Canada Waskatenau wə-SET-nə /wəˈsɛtnə/
Australia Wauchope WAW-hope /ˈwɔːhp/
Australia Woonona wə-NOO-nə /wəˈnnə/
Ireland Youghal YAWL /ˈjɔːl/

Personal names[edit]

Bold names are common; so while not intuitive, are among the most well-used. Names in italics are common are names of non-English origin common among English speakers and only irregular in English pronunciation.

Given names[edit]

Specific people
Name Pronunciation Notability Notes
Respelling IPA
Antawn Jamison like Antoine /ˈæntwɑːn/ American basketball player
Chynna Phillips like China /ˈnə/ American singer and actor
Dav Pilkey like Dave /dv/ American author and illustrator
Dwyane Wade like Dwayne /dwn/ American basketball player
Kiki Cuyler KYE-kye /ˈkk/ American baseball player and coach
Liza Minnelli LYE-zə /ˈlzə/ American actor and singer
MaliVai Washington MAL-ə-vee-ə /ˈmæləvə/ American tennis player
Michellie Jones mih-KEE-lee /mɪˈkli/ Australian triathlete
Monta Ellis MON-tay /ˈmɒnt/ American basketball player
Wynonna Judd wye-NOH-nə /wˈnnə/ American country singer
General use
Name Pronunciation Notes
Respelling IPA
Anthony ANT-ə-nee /ˈæntəni/ UK Pronunciation; also pronounced regularly
Chloe, Chloë KLOH-ee /ˈkli/ Trema is sometimes used to separate two vowels that would normally be pronounced as one sound
Geoffrey JEF-ree /ˈɛfri/ Spelled "Jeffrey" in the United States and sometimes Scotland
Dafydd DAY-vidh /ˈdævɪð/ Regular in Welsh
Dylan DIL-ən /ˈdɪlən/ Also spelled Dillon
Eithne EN-yə /ˈɛnjə/
Eleanor EL-ə-nər, EL-ə-nor /ˈɛlənər, -nɔːr/
Freda FREE-də /ˈfrdə/
Hermione hur-MY-ə-nee /hɜːrˈməni/[7]
Hugh HYOO /ˈhj/
Isaac EYE-zək /ˈzək/
Isla EYE-lə /ˈlə/
John JON /ɒn/
Magdalen(e) MAWD-lin /ˈmɔːdlɪn/ Pronunciation now rare
Malachi MAL-ə-KYE /ˈmælək/ (About this soundlisten)
Malcolm MAL-kəm /ˈmælkəm/
Michael MY-kəl /ˈmkəl/
Morgause mor-GAYZ /mɔːrˈɡz/
Naomi, Näomi NY-oh-mee, nay-OH-mee /ˈnmi/, /nˈmi/
Niamh NEEV /ˈnv/ Regular in Irish
Ngaire NY-ree /ˈnri/
Niall NEE-əl /ˈnəl/ Regular in Irish; also pronounced regularly in English
Owen OH-in /ˈɪn/
Penelope pə-NEL-ə-pee /pəˈnɛləpi/[8][9]
Phoebe FEE-bee /ˈfbi/
Ralph RAYF /ˈrf/ Pronunciation now rare
Rhys REESS /ˈrs/ Regular in Welsh; also spelled Reece or Rees(e)
Rise, Risë REE-sə /ˈrsə/
Saoirse SUR-shə /ˈsɜːrʃə/ Regular in Irish
Seamus, Séamas SHAY-məs /ˈʃməs/ Regular in Irish
Sean, Séan SHAWN /ˈʃɔːn/ Regular in Irish (as Séan); also spelled Shaun or Shawn
Sian, Siân SHAHN /ˈʃɑːn/ Regular in Welsh
Siobhan shi-VAWN /ʃɪˈvɔːn/ Regular in Irish
Stephen STEE-vən /ˈstvən/ Pronunciation influenced by a Middle English word and surname ("steven") for an orator.
Theresa tə-REE-zə /təˈrzə/ UK English pronunciation that has been influenced by French.
tə-REE-sə /təˈrsə/
Thomas TOM-əs /ˈtɒməs/
Vaugh(a)n VAWN /ˈvɔːn/
Zachary ZAK-ə-ree /ˈzækəri/
Zoe, Zoë ZOH-ee /zi/ Trema is sometimes used to separate two vowels that would normally be pronounced as one sound

Family names[edit]

Specific people
Name Pronunciation Notability Notes
Respelling IPA
Aaron Copland like Copeland /ˈkplənd/ American composer
Andre Dubus də-BYOOS /dəˈbjs/ American novelist
Andrew P. Iosue OZ-way /ˈɒzw/[10] American general
Annastacia Palaszczuk PAL-ə-shay /ˈpæləʃ/ Australian politician
Benjamin Huger OO-jee, OO-jay /ˈi/, /ˈ/ Confederate American general
Bill Nighy like nigh /ˈn/ British actor
Bill Veeck VEK /ˈvɛk/ American baseball executive
Brett Favre FARV /ˈfɑːrv/ American football player
Cara Delevingne del-ə-VEEN /dɛləˈvn/ English model and actor
Cary Elwes EL-wis /ˈɛlwɪs/ English actor Commonly pronounced EL-wayz
Cecelia Cichan like Sheehan /ˈʃhən/ American plane crash victim
Clarence Mackay like Mackey /ˈmæki/ American financier
Clayton Yeutter YITE-ər /ˈjtər/ American politician
Cliff Politte poll-EET /pɒˈlt/ American basketball player
Clifford Geertz GURTS /ˈɡɜːrts/ American anthropologist
Craig Chaquico chə-KEE-so /əˈks/ American musician As if Portuguese Chaquiço
Dan Cortese like Cortez /kɔːrˈtɛz/ American actor and broadcaster
Dan Majerle like Marley /ˈmɑːrli/ American basketball player
Dana Suesse SWEESS /ˈsws/ American composer
Daniel Ricciardo like Ricardo /rɪˈkɑːrd/ Australian racing driver
Darrell Issa EYE-zə /ˈzə/ American politician and entrepreneur
David Acer AK-ər /ˈækər/ Canadian comedian and magician
David Icke like Ike /ˈk/ English conspiracy writer
David Lange LONG-ee /ˈlɒŋi/ 32nd prime minister of New Zealand
Don Ameche ə-MEE-chee /əˈm/ American actor
Donald F. Glut GLOOT /ˈɡlt/ American writer and director
Edward Ruscha roo-SHAY /rˈʃ/ American painter
Eli Broad BROHD /brd/ American businessperson
Elizabeth Goudge GOOJ /ˈɡ/[11] English writer
Fiennes family like fines /ˈfnz/[11] British family of actors
Geraldine McCaughrean mə-KAWK-rən /məˈkɔːkrən/ British children's writer
Herman Wouk like woke /ˈwk/ American writer
Hillary Haag HAYG /hɡ/ American actor and voice actor
Isaiah Canaan like cannon /ˈkænən/ American basketball player
Isley Brothers IZE-lee /ˈzl/ American musicians
Jackie Speier like spear /ˈspɪər/ American politician Pronounced regularly for other holders
James Anthony Froude FROOD /ˈfrd/[11] English historian and novelist
James Naughtie NAWKH-tee /ˈnɔːxti/ British journalist
Jason Chaffetz CHAY-fits /ˈfɪts/ American politician
Jim Bakker like baker /ˈbkər/ American televangelist
Jim Fuchs FYOOSH /ˈfjʃ/[12] American shot put athlete
John Boehner BAY-nər /ˈbnər/ American politician
John Boozman like Boseman /ˈbzmən/ American politician
John Caius like keys /ˈkz/ English doctor
John Donne DUN /dʌn/ English poet and cleric
John Keble KEE-bəl /ˈkbəl/ English churchman and poet
John H. Kerr like car /ˈkɑːr/ American politician
Johnny Manziel MAN-zel /mænˈzɛl/ American football player
Jonathan Toews TAYVZ /ˈtvz/ Canadian hockey player
Justin Duchsherer DOOK-shər /ˈdkʃər/ American baseball player
K. C. Boutiette BOO-tee-ay /ˈbti/ American speed skater
Karch Kiraly kee-RYE /kɪˈr/ American volleyball player and coach
Karen Sillas like Silas /ˈsləs/ American actor
Keir Dullea də-LAY /dəˈl/ American actor
Kirk Rueter REET-ər /ˈrtər/ American baseball player
Klaus Roth ROHTH /ˈrθ/ British mathematician
L. David Mech MEECH /ˈm/ American biologist
Larry Woiwode WYE-wuud-ee /ˈwwʊdi/ American writer
Laura Nyro like Nero /ˈnɪər/ American musician
Lauren Tewes TWEEZ /ˈtwz/ American actor
Lee Godie GOH-day /ˈɡd/ American painter
Lisa Rieffel rə-FEL /rəˈfɛl/ American actor and musician
Lou Piniella pə-NEL /pəˈnɛlə/ American baseball player and manager
Marge Roukema ROK-ə-mə /ˈrɒkəmə/ American politician
Marin Mazzie MAY-zee /ˈmzi/ American actress
Mary Renault REN-ohlt /ˈrɛnlt/ English novelist
Matt Groening GRAY-ning /ˈɡrnɪŋ/ American cartoonist
Mike Doughty DOH-tee /ˈdti/ American musician
Mike Krzyzewski shih-ZHEF-skee /ʃɪˈʒɛfski/ American college basketball coach Mimics Polish Krzyżewski but with a silent initial "k"
Patricia Wrede REED-ee /ˈrdi/ American author
Patti Scialfa SKAL-fə /ˈskælfə/ American singer
Pete Reiser REESS-ər /ˈrsər/ American baseball player and coach
Peter Agre AHG-ray /ˈɑːɡr/[13] American chemist
Rachel Scdoris sə-DOR-iss /səˈdɔːrɪs/ American musher
Randy Neugebauer NAWG-ə-bao-ər /ˈnɔːɡəb.ər/ American politician
Rob Kearney like Carney /ˈkɑːrni/ Irish rugby player
Robert Fulghum FUL-jəm /ˈfʊləm/ American writer
Robert Faucheux foh-SHAY /fˈʃ/ American politician
Robert Horry ORE-ee /ˈɒri/ American basketball player
Robert Mapplethorpe MAY-pəl-THORP /ˈmpəlθɔːrp/ American photographer
Roger Boisjoly boh-zhə-LAY /bʒəˈl/ American aerospace engineer
Roger B. Taney like tawny /ˈtɔːni/ American former Chief Justice
Ron Faucheux foh-SHAY /fˈʃ/ American lawyer and scholar
Ronald Fedkiw FED-ko /ˈfɛdk/ American mathematician
Samuel Pepys like Peeps /ˈpps/ English MP
Sara Bareilles bə-REL-iss /bəˈrɛlɪs/ American musician
Shia LaBeouf lə-BUF /ləˈbʌf/ American actor
Stephen Cole Kleene KLAYN-ee /ˈkln/ American mathematician
Terri Schiavo SHY-vo /ˈʃv/ Subject of Terri Schiavo case
Thomas Carew like Carey /ˈkɛər/ English poet
Todd Tiahrt TEE-hart /ˈthɑːrt/ American politician
Vernon Dahmer DAY-mər /ˈdmər/ American activist
William Butler Yeats like Yates /ˈjts/ Irish poet and playwright
William Foege FAY-ghee /ˈfɡi/ American physician
William Froude FROOD /ˈfrd/[11] British naval engineer
William Hulme like Hume /ˈhjm/[11] English lawyer
General use
Name Pronunciation Notes
Respelling IPA
Abercorn AV-ər-korn /ˈævərkɔːrn/
Aucoin aw-KOYN /ɔːˈkoɪn/
oh-KOYN /oʊˈkoɪn/
oh-KWANN /oʊˈkwæn/
oh-KWEEN /oʊˈkwiːn/
Ayscough like askew /əˈskj/
Bagehot BAJ-ət /ˈbæət/
Beauchamp BEE-chəm /ˈbəm/
Beauclerk boh-KLAYR /bˈklɛər/
Berkeley like Barkley /ˈbɑːrkli/ Mainly UK pronunciation
Bohun like Boon /ˈbn/
Blount like Blunt /ˈblʌnt/
Boulware like Bowler /ˈblər/[n 8] Also pronounced regularly
Bowie BOO-ee /buˈi/ Uncommon pronunciation
Brough BRUF /ˈbrʌf/
Buccleugh bə-KLOO /bəˈkl/
Buyer BOO-yər /ˈbjər/ Also pronounced regularly
Cadogan kə-DUG-ən /kəˈdʌɡən/
Cheves CHIV-is /ˈɪvɪs/
Chisholm CHIZ-əm /ˈɪzəm/
Coke like Cook /ˈkʊk/
Colclough KOK-lee /ˈkɒkli/
KOHK-lee /ˈkkli/
Crichton KRY-tən /ˈkrtən/
Cholmondeley CHUM-lee /ˈʌmli/
Cockburn like Coburn /ˈkbərn/
Colquhoun like Cahoon /kəˈhn/
Cowper like Cooper /ˈkpər/ Also pronounced regularly
Cruwys KROOZ /ˈkrz/
Cuyjet soo-ZHAY /sˈʒ/
Dalyell dee-EL /diˈɛl/
Dalziel dee-EL /diˈɛl/
Davies like Davis /ˈdvɪs/ Sometimes pronounced regularly
Death DEETH /ˈdθ/
De'Ath dee-AHT /diˈɑːt/
DeLaughter dee-LAW-tər /dɪˈlɔːtər/
De Ros də-ROOZ /də 'ruːz/
Devere(a)ux DEV-ə-roox /ˈdɛvərks/
DEV-ə-roh /ˈdɛvər/
Doughty DOW-tee /ˈdaʊti/
Dyches like dikes /ˈdks/
Eames like Ames /ˈmz/ Often pronounced regularly
Ehle EEL-ee /ˈli/
Faneuil FAN-yəl /ˈfænjəl/ [11]
Fe(a)therstonhaugh FAN-shaw /ˈfænʃɔː/[11]
FEE-sən-hay /ˈfsənh/[11]
FES-tən-haw /ˈfɛstənhɔː/[11]
FEER-stən-haw /ˈfɪərstənhɔː/[11]
Geogehan GAY-gən, gi-HAY-gən /ˈɡɡən/ or /ɡɪˈhɡən/ [11]
Geoghegan GAY-gən, gi-HAY-gən /ˈɡɡən/ or /ɡɪˈhɡən/ [11]
Gieves GHEEVZ /ˈɡvz/
Greenhalgh GREEN-hahlsh /ˈgriːnhɑlʃ/[11]
GREEN-halsh /ˈgriːnhælʃ/[11]
GREEN-halj /ˈgrinːhældʒ/[11]
GREEN-hawl /ˈgriːnhɔːl/[11]
Grosvenor GROH-və-noor, GROHV-nər /ˈɡrvənʊər/, /ˈɡrvnər/[11]
Gough like Goff /ˈgɒf/
Greenough GREE-noh /ˈgriːnoʊ/
Guild GYLDE /ˈɡld/
Hardes HARDZ /ˈhɑːrdz/
Harewood like Harwood /ˈhɑːrwʊd/[11]
Home HYOOM /ˈhjm/[11]
Hough like Huff /ˈhʌf/
Jacques JAYKS /ˈks/ Uncommon pronunciation
Jordan JURD-ən /ˈɜːrdən/ Uncommon pronunciation
Jourdan JURD-ən /ˈɜːrdən/
Keogh KYOH /ˈkj/
Kehoe KYOH /ˈkj/
Kerr KUR /kɝ/ Pronounced regularly in Scottish English
Keynes KAYNZ /ˈknz/
Landrieu LAN-droo /ˈlændr/
Lalor like Lawlor /ˈlɔːlər/
Lange like Lang /ˈlæŋ/
Lascelles LASS-əls /ˈlæsəls/
Leicester like Lester /ˈlɛstər/
Legaré lə-GREE /ləˈɡr/
Lescroart les-KWAH /lɛsˈkwɑː/
Leveson-Gower[n 9] LEW-sən-GAWR /ˈljsən ˈɡɔːr/
Lewes like Lewis /ˈlɪs/
Machin MAY-chin /ˈmɪn/
McKay, MacKay, Mackay mə-KY /məˈk/ Pronunciation mainly in Scotland
MacLean, McLean like McClain /məˈkln/[14][15][16] Sometimes pronounced regularly
MacLeod, McLeod like McCloud /məˈkld/
MacMahon, McMahon like McMann /məkˈmæn/
Mainwaring MAN-ər-ing /ˈmænərɪŋ/
Marjoribanks MARCH-banks /mɑːr(t)ʃbæŋks/
Marlborough MAWRL-bə-rə /ˈmɔːrlbərə/
Maugham MAWM /ˈmɔːm/
McCaughey like McCoy /məˈkɔɪ/
McGrath, MacGrath mə-GRAH /məˈɡrɑː/ Pronunciation mainly in Ireland
Meagher MAH-(ə)r /mɑː(hə)r/
Melancon mə-LON-son /məˈlɒnsɒn/ Mimics French Melançon
mə-LAW-saw /məˈlɔːsɔː/ Mimics French Melançon
Menzies MING-iss /ˈmɪŋɪs/ Mainly pronounced regularly outside Scotland
Molyneux MOL-ee-nyoo /ˈmɒlɪnj/
Moog MOHG /ˈmɡ/
Moore MOHR /mɔɚ/
like Moor /mʊɚ/
Moragne mor-AY-nee /mɒˈrni/
Muir MYOR /mjɔr/
Muirhead MYOR-hed /mjɔrhɛd/
MYUR-hed /mjɛrhɛd/
MEER-hed /mirhɛd/
Olivier[n 10] ol-IV-ee-ay /ɒˈlɪvi/
Ouzts OOTS /ˈts/
Peirce PURSS /ˈpɜːrs/ Uncommon pronunciation
Pierce PURSS /ˈpɜːrs/ Uncommon pronunciation
Petre like Peter /ˈptər/
Pole-Carew pool-KAYR-ee /pl ˈkɛəri/
Pou PYOO /ˈpj/
Powell POW-əl /'paʊ̯wəl/
like pole /'poʊ̯l/
Prioleau PRAY-loh /ˈprl/
Proulx PROO /ˈpr/
Quincy KWIN-zee /ˈkwɪnz/ Slightly uncommon pronunciation
Raleigh RAW-lee /ˈrɔːli/
Rehm REEM /ˈrm/
Reich RYSHE /rʃ/ Uncommon pronunciation
Reynolds REN-ohldz /ˈrɛnldz/
Rhea like Rae /ˈr/ Also pronounced regularly
Rhys REESS /ˈrs/
Riordan REER-dən /ˈrɪərdən/
Roosevelt ROHZ-ə-velt /ˈrzəvɛlt/ Often pronounced regularly
Salisbury SOLZ-bər-ee /ˈsɔːlzbəri, ˈsɒlz-/
Sandys like Sands /sændz/
Schlumberger SHLUM-bər-zhay /ʃlʌmbərʒeɪ/
S(c)haffer SHAY-fər /ˈʃfər/ Also pronounced regularly
Scrope SKROOP /ˈskrp/
Seau SOH /ˈs/
Seay like say /ˈs/ Uncommon pronunciation
like see /ˈs/
Shea SHAY /ˈʃ/
Smellie[n 11] like Smiley /ˈsmli/
Somerset SUM-ər-sit /ˈsʌmərsɪt/
Sough SUF /ˈsʌf/
St. Clair like Sinclair /'sɪnklɛɚ/ Uncommon pronunciation
St. John SIN-jən /ˈsɪnən/ Also pronounced regularly
sin-JON /sɪnˈɒn/ Uncommon pronunciation
Stough STOH /ˈstoʊ/
Strachan STRAWN /ˈstrɔːn/
STRAK(H)-ən /ˈstræxən/~/ˈstrækən/
Strange STRANG /ˈstræŋ/ Uncommon pronunciation
Synge like sing /ˈsɪŋ/
Tal(i)aferro like Tolliver /ˈtɒlɪvər/
Thome TOH-may /tˈm/
Threatt THREET /ˈθrt/
Tilghman like Tilman /ˈtɪlmən/
Tjoelker like choker /ˈkər/
Trevelyan trə-VIL-yən /trəˈvɪljən/
Teutel like Tuttle /ˈtʌtəl/
Tyrwhitt TEER-it /ˈtɪrɪt/
Urquhart[n 12] UR-kərt /ˈɜːrkərt/
Vanderhorst van-DRAHS /vænˈdrɑːs/
Vaugh(a)n VAWN /vɔːn/
Waldegrave WAWL-grayv /ˈwɔːlɡrv/
Wein like wine /'waɪn/
Weiner WY-nər /'waɪnɝ/
Winzet WIN-yət /ˈwɪnjət/
Wodehouse like Woodhouse /ˈwʊdhs/
Worcester WUUS-tər /ˈwʊstər/
Wriothesley RAWTS-lee /ˈrɔːtsli/
RIZ-lee /ˈrɪzli/
ROHZ-lee /ˈrzli/[17]
ROKS-lee /ˈrɒksli/
RIZE-lee /ˈrzli/
Yeend YEND /ˈjɛnd/
Yount YUNT /jʌnt/

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ For towns near the cusp of two dialect regions, both variants are usually heard, and wider still for important cities or even within them. Examples in that article include New York City and Bath
  2. ^ cf. influential Duke of Albany and Albany, New York
  3. ^ French for "Bay of Hope", and paradoxically pronounced "Bay Despair"
  4. ^ Canberra as /kænˈbɛrə/ is rare and deprecated
  5. ^ Same as the surname.
  6. ^ When spoken in the clipped way, the same as original Scottish surname McKay.
  7. ^ Polish-derived pronunciation /kɒˈʃʊʃk/ is sometimes used for the Australian example.
  8. ^ Generally in Virginia
  9. ^ Usually e.g. H. D. G. Leveson-Gower, Granville George Leveson-Gower
  10. ^ While generally keeping separate vowel sounds at the end (as though with a diaresis), 'er' in Olivier is never pronounced like Oliver
  11. ^ Scottish, e.g. William Smellie
  12. ^ Scottish, see Urquhart Castle

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Schenectady". Oxford Dictionaries UK Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
  2. ^ "Schenectady". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
  3. ^ "Agassiz". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
  4. ^ "Magaguadavic". Place Names of New Brunswick. Public Archives of New Brunswick. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  5. ^ "Kosciuszko" in Butler, Susan (ed), Macquarie Dictionary (online ed, at 26 November 2020)
  6. ^ "Rusagonis". Place Names of New Brunswick. Public Archives of New Brunswick. Retrieved 21 January 2017.
  7. ^ "Hermione". Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
  8. ^ "Penelope". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
  9. ^ "Penelope". Oxford Dictionaries UK Dictionary. Oxford University Press. Retrieved January 22, 2016.
  10. ^ "Biographies : GENERAL ANDREW P. IOSUE". Af.mil. Archived from the original on August 5, 2012. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s Wells, John C. (2000). Longman Pronunciation Dictionary. 2nd ed. Longman. ISBN 0-582-36468-X.
  12. ^ Douglas Martin, James E. Fuchs, Innovator in the Shot-Put, Dies at 82, New York Times, October 18, 2010
  13. ^ "Voices Against Indifference Initiative". Echofoundation.org. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
  14. ^ "Pronunciation Of Surnames". Freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.com. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
  15. ^ "Mclean | Define Mclean at Dictionary.com". Dictionary.reference.com. Retrieved October 9, 2012.
  16. ^ "NHL pronunciation guide". USA Today. February 4, 2000. Archived from the original on October 19, 2009. Retrieved May 8, 2010.
  17. ^ "Set VII, texts and comments". Utm.edu. Retrieved October 9, 2012.

Further reading[edit]