List of national animals

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This is a list of countries that have officially designated one or more animals as their national animals.

National animal[edit]

Country Name of animal Scientific name
(Latin name)
Picture Ref.
 Algeria Fennec fox (national animal) Vulpes zerda [1]
 Argentina Rufous hornero (national bird) Furnarius rufus [2]
 Antigua and Barbuda European fallow deer (national animal) Dama dama [3]
Frigate (national bird) Fregata magnificens [3]
Hawksbill turtle (national sea creature) Eretmochelys imbricata [3]
 Azerbaijan Karabakh horse (national horse) Equus caballus [4]
 Bahamas Blue marlin (national fish) Makaira nigricans [5]
Flamingo (national bird) Phoenicopterus ruber [5]
 Bangladesh Bengal tiger (national animal) Panthera tigris tigris [6]
Magpie robin (national bird) Copsychus saularis [6]
Ilish (national fish) Tenualosa ilisha [6]
 Belize Baird's tapir (national animal) Tapirus bairdii [7]
Keel-billed toucan (national bird) Ramphastos sulfuratus [8]
 Botswana Plains zebra (national animal) Equus quagga [9]
 Brazil Rufous-bellied thrush (national bird) Turdus rufiventris [10]
 Cambodia Kouprey (national mammal) Bos sauveli [11][better source needed]
Giant ibis (national bird) Pseudibis gigantea [11][better source needed]
Northern river terrapin (national reptile) Batagur baska [11][better source needed]
Giant barb (national fish) Catlocarpio siamensis [11][better source needed]
 Canada North American beaver (national animal) Castor canadensis [12][13]
Canadian horse (national horse) Equus caballus [13]
 Colombia Andean Condor (national bird) Vultur gryphus [14]
 Costa Rica Yigüirro (national bird) Turdus grayi [15]
West Indian manatee (national aquatic animal) Trichechus manatus [15]
Three-toed sloth
Two-toed sloth
Choloepus hoffmanni
Bradypus variegatus
[16]
 Croatia Marten (national animal) Martes martes
Marten
[17]
 Cuba Cuban trogon (national bird) Priotelus temnurus [18]
 Denmark Red squirrel (national mammal) Sciurus vulgaris [19]
Mute swan (national bird) Cygnus olor [19]
Small tortoiseshell (national butterfly) Aglais urticae [19]
 Dominica Sisserou parrot (national bird) Amazona imperalis [20]
 Dominican Republic Palmchat (national bird) Dulus dominicus [21]
 El Salvador Turquoise-browed motmot (national bird) Eumomota superciliosa [22]
 Finland Brown bear Ursus arctos [23]
Whooper Swan (national bird) Cygnus cygnus [23]
European perch (national fish) Perca fluviatilis [23]
Seven-spot ladybird (national insect) Coccinella septempunctata [23]
 Grenada Grenada dove (national bird) Leptotila wellsi [24]
 Guatemala Resplendent quetzal (national bird) Pharomachrus mocinno [25]
 Honduras White-tailed deer (national animal) Odocoileus virginianus [26]
Scarlet macaw (national bird) Ara macao [27]
 India Bengal tiger (national animal) Panthera tigris tigris [28]
Indian peafowl (national bird) Pavo cristatus [29]
Ganges river dolphin (national aquatic animal) Platanista gangetica [30]
Indian elephant (national heritage animal) Elephas maximus indicus [31]
 Indonesia Komodo dragon (national animal) Varanus komodoensis [32]
Javan hawk-eagle (national bird) Nisaetus bartelsi [32]
Asian arowana (national fish) Scleropages formosus [32]
 Jamaica Red-billed streamertail (national bird) Trochilus polytmus [33]
 Latvia White wagtail (national bird) Motacilla alba [27]
Two-spotted ladybird (national insect) Adalia bipunctata [27]
 Lebanon Striped hyena (national animal) Hyaena hyaena [34]
 Lithuania White stork (national bird) Ciconia ciconia [35]
 Mongolia Saker falcon (national bird) Falco cherrug [36][better source needed]
[37][better source needed]
 Malaysia Malayan Tiger (national animal) Felis tigris [38][better source needed]
 Nicaragua Turquoise-browed motmot (national bird) Eumomota superciliosa [39]
 Pakistan Markhor (national animal) Capra falconeri [40]
Indus river dolphin (national aquatic mammal) Platanista minor [40]
Chukar (national bird) Alectoris chukar [40]
Mugger crocodile (national reptile) Crocodylus palustris [40]
Shaheen falcon (heritage bird) Falco peregrinus peregrinator [41]
Snow leopard (national predator) Panthera uncia [40]
 Panama Harpy eagle (national bird) Harpia harpyja [42]
 Peru Andean cock-of-the-rock (national bird) Rupicola peruviana [43]
 Philippines Philippine eagle (national bird) Pithecophaga jefferyi [44]
 Qatar Arabian oryx (national animal) Oryx leucoryx [45]
 Saint Kitts and Nevis Brown Pelican (national bird) Pelecanus occidentalis [46]
 Saint Lucia Saint Lucia amazon (national bird) Amazona versicolor [47]
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent amazon (national bird) Amazona guildingii [48]
 Saudi Arabia Arabian camel (national animal) Camelus dromedarius [49]
 South Africa Springbok (national animal) Antidorcas marsupialis [50]
Blue crane (national bird) Anthropoides paradiseus [51]
Galjoen (national fish) Dichistius capensis [52]
 Sri Lanka Sri Lankan junglefowl (national bird) Gallus lafayettii [53]
 Tanzania Giraffe (national animal) Giraffa sp. [54][55][56]
 Thailand Asian elephant (national animal) Elephas maximus [57]
Siamese fighting fish (national aquatic animal) Betta splendens [58][59]
 Uganda Grey crowned crane (national bird) Balearica regulorum [60]
 United Arab Emirates Saker falcon (national bird) Falco cherrug [61]
Arabian oryx (national animal) Oryx leucoryx [62]
 United Kingdom  England: Lion (national animal) Panthera leo [63]
 Scotland: Unicorn (national animal) Fictional [64]
 Wales: Dragon (national animal) Fictional [65]
 United States Bald eagle (national bird) Haliaeetus leucocephalus [66]
American bison (national mammal) Bison bison [67]
 Venezuela Venezuelan troupial (national bird) Icterus icterus [citation needed]
 Zimbabwe Bateleur (national bird) Terathopius ecaudatus [68]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Fennec Fox: Algeria's National Animal". algeria.com. Retrieved 21 March 2013.
  2. ^ "Furnarius rufus (Hornero, Casero, Caserito, Albañil, Hornerillo, Alonsito (Argentina), Joao-de-barro (Brasil), Alonso García (Paraguay), Tiluchi (Bolivia), Obirog, Ogaraití (guaraní) - Rufous Hornero) | SIB, Parques Nacionales, Argentina". Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad.
  3. ^ a b c Government of Antigua and Barbuda. "Our National Symbols". ab.gov.ag. Archived from the original on 3 July 2022. Retrieved 10 October 2020.
  4. ^ "Qarabağ atı". 17 November 2020.
  5. ^ a b Government of The Bahamas. "Official Website for the Government of The Bahamas". bahamas.gov.bs. Retrieved 10 October 2020.
  6. ^ a b c "NATIONAL SYMBOLS". Bangladesh Tourism Board. Bangladesh: Ministry of Civil Aviation & Tourism. Archived from the original on 28 December 2016. Retrieved 30 June 2015.
  7. ^ "National Symbols – Government of Belize Press Office". Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  8. ^ "The National Symbols". Government of Belize. Archived from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 7 November 2016.
  9. ^ "National Symbols – EMBASSY AND PERMANENT MISSION OF BOTSWANA IN SWITZERLAND". Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  10. ^ "Embassy of Brazil in Washington". Retrieved 17 March 2018.
  11. ^ a b c d "Forestry.gov.kh" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 30 June 2007. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
  12. ^ "National Emblems: The Beaver". Canadian Heritage. 2011. Retrieved 9 July 2011.
  13. ^ a b "Official Symbols of Canada". Canadian Heritage. 2016. Archived from the original on 24 June 2016. Retrieved 1 December 2016.
  14. ^ "National symbols and other information of interest | Cancillería". www.cancilleria.gov.co. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
  15. ^ a b "Presidencia de la República de Costa Rica". Presidencia de la República de Costa Rica (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  16. ^ lectura, Comunicados··3 Minutos de (24 August 2021). "¡Perezoso es oficialmente símbolo nacional!". Presidencia de la República de Costa Rica (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 June 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: numeric names: authors list (link)
  17. ^ Bousfield, Jonathan (2003). Croatia. Rough Guides. p. 72. ISBN 1843530848. Retrieved 4 July 2013.
  18. ^ AMPP YAGUAJAY COMMUNICATOR. "El Tocororo, Ave Nacional de Cuba, the most beautiful in the country". Portal del ciudadano de Yaguajay.
  19. ^ a b c "Nationalplanter og -dyr" [Nationalplants and -animals] (in Danish). Naturstyrelsen, Danish Ministry of the Environment. Archived from the original on 28 December 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
  20. ^ "National Bird - Government of the Commonwealth of Dominica". dominica.gov.dm. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
  21. ^ "Flora y Fauna". GoDominicanRepublic.com (in European Spanish). Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  22. ^ "Decreto Legislativo No 735 del 21 de octubre de 1999" (PDF). Diario Oficial (in Spanish). San Salvador: Imprenta Nacional de El Salvador. 345 (216): 6. 19 November 1999. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  23. ^ a b c d "Iconic Finnish nature symbols stand out". thisisFINLAND. 25 August 2014. Retrieved 27 January 2023.
  24. ^ "National Symbols". Government of Grenada | Web Portal. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
  25. ^ "05 de septiembre, Día del Quetzal, Ave Nacional". CONAP (in Spanish). 4 September 2020. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  26. ^ "MiAmbiente+ participa en la 6ta Liberación de Guacamayas en Valle de Copán".
  27. ^ a b c "Symbols". Latvia.eu. 2016. Archived from the original on 7 October 2017. Retrieved 12 April 2016.
  28. ^ "National Animal -National Symbols - Know India: National Portal of India". National Portal of India. Archived from the original on 22 January 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  29. ^ "National Bird -National Symbols - Know India: National Portal of India". National Portal of India. Archived from the original on 15 January 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  30. ^ "National Aquatic Animal -National Symbols - Know India: National Portal of India". National Portal of India. Archived from the original on 22 January 2013. Retrieved 23 March 2012.
  31. ^ "Elephant declared National Heritage Animal in India". Breaking News Online (India). 2010. Archived from the original on 25 August 2011. Retrieved 25 June 2011.
  32. ^ a b c "Keputusan Presiden (KEPPRES) tentang Satwa dan Bunga Nasional" [Presidential Decrees Number 4 of 1993]. Presidential Decrees No. 4 of 1993 (in Indonesian). Government of the Republic of Indonesia. p. 1-4. Retrieved 13 May 2023.
  33. ^ "National Symbols of Jamaica". jis.gov.jm. Archived from the original on 19 June 2006. Retrieved 2 December 2011.
  34. ^ Sullivan, Helen; Sanchez, Diego Ibarra (30 October 2019). "Fear and Sport Imperil Lebanon's Striped Hyenas". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 31 January 2023.
  35. ^ "The number of storks is not decreasing in the Žuvintas biosphere reserve | STATE SERVICE FOR PROTECTED AREAS under the Ministry of Environment".
  36. ^ "Mongolia names falcon as national bird". wwf.panda.org. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  37. ^ "Saker Falcon, A National Bird of Mongolia". Birds Mongolia (in Mongolian). Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  38. ^ "Nameless Story".
  39. ^ "Ley No. 795 que declara al guardabarranco, ave nacional de Nicaragua". Diario Oficial (in Spanish). Managua: La Gaceta (118). 25 June 2012. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  40. ^ a b c d e "National Symbols of Pakistan". Government of Pakistan. Archived from the original on 28 November 2016. Retrieved 23 October 2016.
  41. ^ "National Symbols of Pakistan". Government of Pakistan. Archived from the original on 27 August 2013. Retrieved 23 August 2013.
  42. ^ Prensa (10 April 2021). "Panamá posee la población más grande de Águilas Harpías de Centroamérica – MiAmbiente" (in Spanish). Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  43. ^ "Servicio Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas por el Estado - SERNANP". old.sernanp.gob.pe. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  44. ^ "Proclamation No. 615, s. 1995". gov.ph. 4 July 1995. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
  45. ^ "Arabian Oryx". www.visitqatar.qa. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  46. ^ "National Symbols | Gov.Kn". 4 November 2022. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
  47. ^ "The Saint Lucia Parrot (Amazona versicolor)". archive.stlucia.gov.lc. Retrieved 23 March 2023.
  48. ^ "The National Bird". foreign.gov.vc. Archived from the original on 15 May 2013. Retrieved 2 January 2013.
  49. ^ "Camel culture: The history of Saudi's national animal Animal". visitsaudi.com. Retrieved 18 September 2023.
  50. ^ "National animal | South African Government". www.gov.za. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  51. ^ "National bird | South African Government". www.gov.za. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  52. ^ "National fish | South African Government". www.gov.za. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  53. ^ "Sri Lanka National Bird". Government of Sri Lanka Official Web Portal. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012.
  54. ^ "National Symbols: National Animal". tanzania.go.tz. Tanzania Government Portal. Archived from the original on 18 January 2015. Retrieved 14 January 2015.
  55. ^ Foley, Charles; Foley, Lara; Lobora, Alex; De Luca, Daniela; Msuha, Maurus; Davenport, Tim R.B.; Durant, Sarah M. (8 June 2014). A Field Guide to the Larger Mammals of Tanzania. Princeton University Press. pp. 179–. ISBN 978-1-4008-5280-2.
  56. ^ Knappert, Jan (1987). East Africa: Kenya, Tanzania & Uganda. New Delhi: Vikas Pub. p. 57. ISBN 978-0-7069-2822-8. Retrieved 28 June 2011.
  57. ^ "The government gazette about National symbols of Thailand" (PDF). Royal Thai Government Gazette. 118 (99D): 1. 11 December 2001. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 January 2012.
  58. ^ "Siamese fighting fish confirmed as national aquatic animal". Bangkok Post. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  59. ^ AFP (5 February 2019). "Thailand makes Siamese fighting fish national aquatic animal". Business Standard India. Retrieved 29 July 2019.
  60. ^ "National Symbols". www.gou.go.ug. Archived from the original on 9 November 2019. Retrieved 28 December 2019.
  61. ^ "Discover all about Falconry". Visit Dubai. Dubai Department of Economy and Tourism. 22 February 2023. Retrieved 26 November 2023. the UAE is the premier world centre for falconry – the falcon is, after all, the country's national bird
  62. ^ "Arabia's Wildlife Centre". Visit Sharjah. Sharjah Commerce & Tourism Development Authority. Located in Sharjah Desert Park, Arabia's Wildlife Centre hosts several animals, including the Arabian Oryx, the UAE's national animal, and the Arabian leopard, the region's famous big cat.
  63. ^ Rabon, John (26 June 2020). "National Animals of the United Kingdom - Real and Imagined". Anglotopia.net. Retrieved 13 February 2024.
  64. ^ Rabon, John (26 June 2020). "National Animals of the United Kingdom - Real and Imagined". Anglotopia.net. Retrieved 13 February 2024.
  65. ^ Rabon, John (26 June 2020). "National Animals of the United Kingdom - Real and Imagined". Anglotopia.net. Retrieved 13 February 2024.
  66. ^ "The American Bald Eagle" (PDF). United States Department of Veterans Affairs.
  67. ^ "Bison Bellows: America's New National Mammal (U.S. National Park Service)". www.nps.gov. Retrieved 22 June 2022.
  68. ^ "Zimbabwe Bird". Official Government of Zimbabwe Web Portal. Retrieved 23 March 2022.