List of national capitals by latitude

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This is a list of official national capitals by latitude, including territories and dependencies, non-sovereign states including associated states and entities whose sovereignty is disputed. Sovereign states are shown in bold text.

Latitude
("−" indicates southern hemisphere)
City Country Notes
−0.25 Quito Ecuador Highest official capital.
0.3 Kampala Uganda
0.33 São Tomé São Tomé and Príncipe
0.38 Libreville Gabon
−0.53 Yaren (de facto) Nauru Country does not have an official capital; however, the government offices are in Yaren.
−1.28 Nairobi Kenya
1.28 Singapore Singapore Island City-state
1.43 Tarawa Kiribati
−1.93 Kigali Rwanda
2.03 Mogadishu Somalia
3.13 Kuala Lumpur (official, legislative and royal)

Putrajaya (administrative and judicial)

Malaysia
−3.43 Gitega Burundi
3.75 Malabo Equatorial Guinea
3.87 Yaoundé Cameroon
4.17 Malé Maldives
−4.27 Brazzaville Republic of the Congo
−4.32 Kinshasa Democratic Republic of the Congo
4.37 Bangui Central African Republic
4.58 Bogotá Colombia
−4.62 Victoria Seychelles
4.85 Juba South Sudan
4.88 Bandar Seri Begawan Brunei
4.92 Cayenne French Guiana Overseas department of France
5.55 Accra Ghana
5.87 Paramaribo Suriname
6.12 Lomé Togo
−6.17 Dodoma (official)

Dar es Salaam (former capital; some government offices remaining)

Tanzania
−6.2 Jakarta Indonesia
6.3 Monrovia Liberia
6.48 Porto-Novo (official)

Cotonou (de facto)

Benin
6.8 Georgetown Guyana
6.82 Yamoussoukro (official)

Abidjan (former capital; still has many government offices)

Ivory Coast
6.9 Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte (official)

Colombo (former capital; has some government offices)

Sri Lanka Also known as "Kotte". Until the 1980s, the capital was Colombo, where many important governmental institutions still remain and which is still designated as the commercial capital of Sri Lanka.
6.92 Palikir Federated States of Micronesia
7.07 Majuro Marshall Islands
7.48 Ngerulmud Palau
−7.92 Georgetown Ascension Island Part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
8.48 Freetown Sierra Leone
−8.52 Funafuti Tuvalu
−8.57 Dili East Timor (Timor-Leste)
−8.83 Luanda Angola
8.98 Panama City Panama
9.02 Addis Ababa Ethiopia
9.07 Abuja Nigeria
−9.43 Honiara Solomon Islands
−9.5 Port Moresby Papua New Guinea
9.52 Conakry Guinea
9.93 San José Costa Rica
10 Hargeisa Somaliland De facto independent state not diplomatically recognized by any other state, claimed in whole by the Somali Republic.
−10.42 Flying Fish Cove Christmas Island External territory of Australia
10.5 Caracas Venezuela
10.67 Port of Spain Trinidad and Tobago
11.55 Phnom Penh Cambodia
11.58 Djibouti Djibouti
−11.68 Moroni Comoros
11.85 Bissau Guinea-Bissau
−12.03 Lima Peru
12.05 St. George's Grenada
12.1 N'Djamena Chad
12.12 Willemstad Curaçao Self-governing part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
12.13 Managua Nicaragua
−12.18 West Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands External territory of Australia
12.35 Ouagadougou Burkina Faso
12.52 Oranjestad Aruba Self-governing part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
12.65 Bamako Mali
13.1 Bridgetown Barbados
13.15 Kingstown Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
−13.28 Mata-Utu Wallis and Futuna Overseas collectivity of France
13.45 Banjul Gambia
13.47 Hagåtña Guam Territory of the United States
13.52 Niamey Niger
13.68 San Salvador El Salvador
13.75 Bangkok Thailand
−13.83 Apia Samoa
−13.98 Lilongwe Malawi
14.02 Castries Saint Lucia
14.1 Tegucigalpa Honduras
−14.27 Pago Pago American Samoa Territory of the United States
14.58 Manila Philippines
14.6 Guatemala City Guatemala
14.68 Dakar Senegal
14.92 Praia Cape Verde
15.17 Saipan Northern Mariana Islands Territory of the United States
15.3 Roseau Dominica
15.33 Asmara Eritrea
15.33 Sana'a Yemen
−15.42 Lusaka Zambia
15.63 Khartoum Sudan
−15.78 Brasília Brazil
−15.92 Jamestown Saint Helena Part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
−16.5 Sucre (constitutional)

La Paz (administrative)

Bolivia La Paz is the highest administrative capital, higher than Quito.
16.7 Plymouth (official)

Brades Estate (de facto)

Montserrat British Overseas Territory. Plymouth was abandoned after the eruption of the Soufriere Hills volcano in 1997. Government offices since then have been moved to Brades Estate, which is in the northwestern part of Montserrat.
17.12 St. John's Antigua and Barbuda
17.25 Belmopan Belize
17.3 Basseterre Saint Kitts and Nevis
−17.53 Papeete French Polynesia Overseas collectivity of France
−17.75 Port Vila Vanuatu
−17.85 Harare Zimbabwe
17.88 Gustavia Saint Barthélemy Overseas collectivity of France
17.97 Vientiane Laos
17.98 Kingston Jamaica
18.02 Philipsburg Sint Maarten Self-governing part of the Kingdom of the Netherlands
18.07 Marigot Saint Martin Overseas collectivity of France
18.1 Nouakchott Mauritania
−18.13 Suva Fiji
18.22 The Valley Anguilla British Overseas Territory
18.35 Charlotte Amalie United States Virgin Islands Territory of the United States
18.42 Road Town British Virgin Islands British Overseas Territory
18.45 San Juan Puerto Rico Territory of the United States
18.47 Santo Domingo Dominican Republic
18.53 Port-au-Prince Haiti
−18.93 Antananarivo Madagascar
−19.07 Alofi Niue Self-governing in free association with New Zealand
19.3 George Town Cayman Islands British Overseas Territory
19.43 Mexico City Mexico
19.75 Naypyidaw Myanmar
−20.15 Port Louis Mauritius
21.03 Hanoi Vietnam
−21.13 Nukuʻalofa Tonga
−21.2 Avarua Cook Islands Self-governing in free association with New Zealand.
22.18 Wan Chai Hong Kong Special Administrative Region of China
−22.27 Nouméa New Caledonia Sui generis collectivity of France
−22.57 Windhoek Namibia
23.13 Havana Cuba
23.6 Muscat Oman
23.73 Dhaka Bangladesh
24.47 Abu Dhabi United Arab Emirates
24.63 Riyadh Saudi Arabia
−24.65 Gaborone Botswana
25.03 Taipei Taiwan Officially the Republic of China (ROC), it has been competing for recognition with the People's Republic of China (PRC) as the sole Chinese government since 1949. Taiwan controls the island of Taiwan and its associated islands, Quemoy, Matsu, the Pratas, and part of the Spratly Islands The territory of Taiwan is claimed in whole by China. The Republic of China participates in the World Health Organization and a number of non-UN international organizations such as the World Trade Organization, International Olympic Committee and others under a variety of pseudonyms, most commonly Chinese Taipei.
−25.07 Adamstown Pitcairn Islands British Overseas Territory
25.07 Nassau Bahamas
−25.27 Asunción Paraguay
25.28 Doha Qatar
−25.73 Pretoria (executive) South Africa
−25.97 Maputo Mozambique
26.22 Manama Bahrain
−26.32 Mbabane (administrative) Eswatini
−26.42 Lobamba (royal and legislative) Eswatini (Swaziland)
27.15 El Aaiún(declared) Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic [c] The Sahrawi Republic, recognised by 82 states, claims the mostly Moroccan controlled Western Sahara. Moroccan controlled territory includes El Aaiún, and Morocco claims all Sahrawi controlled territory. The Sahrawi government resides in exile in Tindouf, Algeria. See Politics of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic.
−27.15 Hanga Roa Easter Island Special territory of Chile
27.47 Thimphu Bhutan
27.7 Kathmandu   Nepal
28.6 New Delhi India
−29.05 Kingston Norfolk Island External territory of Australia
−29.12 Bloemfontein (judicial) South Africa
−29.3 Maseru Lesotho
29.37 Kuwait City Kuwait
30.05 Cairo Egypt
31.78 Jerusalem (declared, de facto) Israel
31.93 Amman Jordan
32.28 Hamilton Bermuda British Overseas Territory
32.9 Tripoli Libya
33.33 Baghdad Iraq
−33.45 Santiago (official)

Valparaíso (legislative)

Chile
33.5 Damascus Syria
33.72 Islamabad Pakistan
33.88 Beirut Lebanon
−33.92 Cape Town (legislative) South Africa
34.03 Rabat Morocco
34.53 Kabul Afghanistan
−34.6 Buenos Aires Argentina
34.67 Episkopi Cantonment Akrotiri and Dhekelia British Overseas Territory
−34.88 Montevideo Uruguay
35.17 Nicosia Cyprus
35.17 Nicosia Northern Cyprus De facto independent state that is recognised only by Turkey. Northern Cyprus is claimed in whole by the Republic of Cyprus.
−35.3 Canberra Australia
35.68 Tehran Iran
35.68 Tokyo Japan
35.88 Valletta Malta
36.13 Gibraltar Gibraltar British Overseas Territory
36.77 Algiers Algeria
36.8 Tunis Tunisia
−37.07 Edinburgh of the Seven Seas Tristan da Cunha Part of the British Overseas Territory of Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
37.55 Seoul South Korea
37.93 Ashgabat Turkmenistan
37.97 Athens Greece
38.53 Dushanbe Tajikistan
38.7 Lisbon Portugal
38.9 Washington, D.C. United States
39.02 Pyongyang North Korea
39.8 Stepanakert Nagorno-Karabakh Republic The self-declared country remains diplomatically unrecognised by UN-member states, including Armenia. Transnistria, South Ossetia, and Abkhazia, all UN non-member states, recognise the state. Claimed in whole by Azerbaijan.
39.87 Ankara Turkey
39.9 Beijing China See also: List of historical capitals of China
40.18 Yerevan Armenia
40.38 Baku Azerbaijan
40.38 Madrid Spain
41.27 Tashkent Uzbekistan
−41.28 Wellington New Zealand Southernmost capital of an independent sovereign state in the world.
41.32 Tirana Albania
41.72 Tbilisi (official) Georgia
41.9 Rome Italy
41.9 Vatican City  Vatican City City-state
42 Skopje North Macedonia
42.23 Tskhinvali South Ossetia De facto independent state recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Nauru, Venezuela, Abkhazia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Georgia as the Provisional Administrative Entity of South Ossetia.
42.25 Kutaisi (legislative) Georgia
42.43 Podgorica (official)

Cetinje (seat of the President)

Montenegro
42.5 Andorra la Vella Andorra
42.67 Pristina Kosovo[g] De facto independent state that is recognised by 112 UN member states and by Taiwan. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Serbia as part of its Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija. Republic of Kosovo has de facto control over most of the territory, with limited control in North Kosovo.
42.7 Sofia Bulgaria
42.87 Bishkek Kyrgyzstan
43 Sukhumi Abkhazia De facto independent state recognised by Russia, Nauru, Nicaragua, Venezuela, South Ossetia and Transnistria. Claimed in whole by Republic of Georgia as the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia.
43.72 Monaco Monaco City-state
43.87 Sarajevo Bosnia and Herzegovina
43.93 San Marino San Marino
44.42 Bucharest Romania
44.82 Belgrade Serbia
45.42 Ottawa Canada
45.82 Zagreb Croatia
46.05 Ljubljana Slovenia
46.77 St. Pierre Saint Pierre and Miquelon Overseas collectivity of France
46.85 Tiraspol Transnistria De facto independent state, not recognized by any UN-member, but by Abkhazia and South Ossetia. Claimed in whole by the Republic of Moldova as the Territorial Unit of Transnistria.
46.95 Bern  Switzerland
47 Chişinău Moldova
47.13 Vaduz Liechtenstein
47.47 Budapest Hungary
47.92 Ulan Bator Mongolia
48.13 Bratislava Slovakia
48.2 Vienna Austria
48.85 Paris France
49.18 St. Helier Jersey British Crown Dependency
49.45 St. Peter Port Guernsey British Crown Dependency
49.6 Luxembourg Luxembourg
50.08 Prague Czech Republic
50.45 Kiev Ukraine
50.85 Brussels Belgium Also the de facto capital of the  European Union
51.17 Nur-Sultan (Astana) Kazakhstan
51.5 London United Kingdom
−51.68 Stanley Falkland Islands British Overseas Territory
52.23 Warsaw Poland
52.37 Amsterdam Netherlands The Dutch constitution refers to Amsterdam as the "capital". The Dutch government is located in The Hague. See Capital of the Netherlands.
52.52 Berlin Germany
53.33 Dublin Ireland
53.9 Minsk Belarus
54.13 Douglas Isle of Man British Crown Dependency
−54.27 King Edward Point South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands British Overseas Territory
54.68 Vilnius Lithuania
55.67 Copenhagen Denmark
55.75 Moscow Russia
56.93 Riga Latvia
59.32 Stockholm Sweden
59.43 Tallinn Estonia
59.95 Oslo Norway
60.17 Helsinki Finland
62 Tórshavn Faroe Islands Self-governing territory of the Danish Realm
64.13 Reykjavík Iceland Northernmost capital of an independent sovereign state in the world.
64.17 Nuuk Greenland Self-governing territory of the Danish Realm. Northernmost capital of a constituent state in the world.
78.2 Longyearbyen Svalbard Longyearbyen is the administrative center of Svalbard, a Norwegian Arctic unincorporated area.


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