List of national capitals by population

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This is a list of national capitals, ordered according to population. Capitals of dependent territories and disputed territories are marked in italics. The population statistics given refer only to the official capital area, and do not include the wider metropolitan/urban district.

List[edit]

Taipei, Taiwan
Beijing, China
New Delhi, India
Tokyo, Japan
Manila, Philippines
Jakarta, Indonesia
Dhaka, Bangladesh
London, United Kingdom
Lima, Peru
Berlin, Germany
Kyiv, Ukraine
Mexico City, Mexico
Brasilia, Brazil
Luanda, Angola
Pretoria, South Africa
Paris, France
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Tashkent, Uzbekistan
Stockholm, Sweden
Bucharest, Romania
Hewler, Kurdistan
Budapest, Hungary
Warsaw, Poland
Minsk, Belarus
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Kuwait City, Kuwait
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
Jerusalem, Israel
Kingston, Jamaica
(Washington) District of Columbia, United States
Asuncion, Paraguay
Riga, Latvia
Helsinki, Finland
Vilnius, Lithuania
Tallinn, Estonia
Nicosia, Cyprus
Athens, Greece
King Edward Point, South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands
Sofia, Bulgaria
Rank Country/Territory Capital Population Year % of
country's
population
1  China PR Beijing 21,542,000[1] 2017 1.5%
2  Japan Tokyo 13,929,286[2] 2017 11.03%
3  Russia Moscow 12,506,468[3] 2011 8.52%
4  DR Congo Kinshasa 11,855,000[4] 2012 12.9%
5  Indonesia Jakarta 10,075,310[5] 2011 3.76%
6  South Korea Seoul 9,838,892[6] 2015 19.03%
7  Egypt Cairo 9,500,000 2012 9.54%
8  Mexico Mexico City 8,918,653[7] 2015 7.05%
9  Bangladesh Dhaka 8,906,039 [8] 2011 5.52%
10  United Kingdom
 England
London 8,908,081[9] 2015 13.19%
11  Peru Lima 8,852,000[10] 2012 26.74%
12  Iran Tehran 8,693,706 2014 10.53%
13  Thailand Bangkok 8,305,218[11] 2010 11.96%
14  Vietnam Hanoi 7,781,631[12] 2014 8.14%
15  Saudi Arabia Riyadh 7,676,654[13] 2009 22.43%
-  Hong Kong Hong Kong 7,482,500[14] 2018 100%
16  Colombia Bogotá 7,181,469[15] 2011 14.88%
17  Iraq Baghdad 6,719,500[16] 17.48%
18  Chile Santiago 6,310,000[17] 2012 35.9%
19  Singapore Singapore 5,638,700[18] 2015 100%
20  Turkey Ankara 5,445,026 2014 6.64%
21  Germany Berlin 3,748,148[19] 2012 4.51%
22  Syria Damascus 3,500,000 15.32%
23  Algeria Algiers 3,415,811 8.45%
24  Spain Madrid 3,233,527[20] 2012 6.84%
25  North Korea Pyongyang 3,144,005 12.63%
26  Afghanistan Kabul 3,140,853 10.28%
27  Kenya Nairobi 3,138,369 2010 7.67%
28  Ethiopia Addis Ababa 3,040,740[21] 2012 3.31%
29  Argentina Buenos Aires 2,891,082[22] 2010 7.16%
30  Italy Rome 2,868,104[23] 2014 4.72%
31  Ukraine Kiev 2,847,200[24] 2013 6.26%
32  Cameroon Yaoundé 2,765,568 [25] 2015 11.65%
33  Taiwan Taipei 2,668,572[26] 2018 11.31%
34  Brazil Brasília 2,648,532[27] 2012 1.33%
35  Jordan Amman 2,600,603 40.26%
36  Angola Luanda 2,453,779 11.43%
37  South Africa Pretoria 2,345,908 4.43%
38  France Paris 2,241,346[28] 2014 3.38%
39  Uzbekistan Tashkent 2,207,850 7.30%
40  Azerbaijan Baku 2,204,200[29] 2015 22.96%
41  Cuba Havana 2,135,498[30] 2010 18.93%
42  Cambodia Phnom Penh 2,011,725 13.29%
43  Romania Bucharest 1,942,254[31] 9.73%
44  Venezuela Caracas 1,838,939 6.05%
45  Congo Brazzaville 1,827,000 2014 39.19%
46  Morocco Rabat 1,789,635 5.42%
47  Philippines Manila 1,780,148[32] 2015 1.64%
48  Austria Vienna 1,749,673[33] 2013 20.65%
49  Sudan Khartoum 1,740,661 4.59%
50  Hungary Budapest 1,729,040[34] 2011 17.34%
51  Poland Warsaw 1,711,324[35] 2012 4.42%
52  Belarus Minsk 1,702,061 17.98%
53  Uganda Kampala 1,659,600 4.42%
54  Ghana Accra 1,640,507 6.33%
55  Madagascar Antananarivo 1,613,375[36] [unreliable source?] 7.04%
56  Lebanon Beirut 1,574,387 35.25%
57  Ecuador Quito (de iure) Guayaquil (de facto) seat-of-government 1,504,991 9.65%
58  Zimbabwe Harare 1,487,028 10.51%
59  Qatar Doha 1,450,000 92%[37]
60  Yemen Sana'a 1,431,649 5.87%
61  Guinea Conakry 1,399,981 11.91%
62  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 1,381,830 4.65%
63  Uruguay Montevideo 1,369,797 40.21%
64  Zambia Lusaka 1,331,254 9.16%
65  Mali Bamako 1,289,626 8.43%
66  Bulgaria Sofia 1,277,000 2019 15.02%
67  Czech Republic Prague 1,241,664[38] 2011 11.83%
68  Haiti Port-au-Prince 1,235,227 11.97%
69  Libya Tripoli 1,184,045 19.09%
70  Ireland Dublin 1,173,179 24.63%
71  Kuwait Kuwait City 1,171,880 34.78%
72  Serbia Belgrade 1,154,589 16.12%
73  Dominican Republic Santo Domingo 1,111,838[39] 2010 11.10%
74  Somalia Mogadishu 1,097,133 10.45%
75  Armenia Yerevan 1,080,487[36] [unreliable source?] 36.29%
76  Mozambique Maputo 1,076,689 4.17%
77  Sierra Leone Freetown 1,070,200 17.57%
78  Georgia Tbilisi 1,044,993 23.34%
79  Senegal Dakar 1,030,594 7.29%
80  Kazakhstan Nur-Sultan (Astana) 1,029,556 2017 5.67%
81  Guatemala Guatemala City 1,022,000 2001 8.90%
82  Liberia Monrovia 1,010,970 23.54%
83  Burkina Faso Ouagadougou 1,005,231 5.94%
84    Nepal Kathmandu 1,003,285 2011[40] 3.69%
85  Sweden Stockholm 962,154[41] 2018 9.41%
86  Pakistan Islamabad 955,629 0.48%
87  Canada Ottawa 934,243[42] 2016 2.55%
88  Nicaragua Managua 926,883 15.24%
89  Myanmar Naypyidaw[43] 925,000[44] 1.74%
90  Mongolia Ulaanbaatar 907,802 31.98%
91  Malawi Lilongwe 902,388 5.52%
92  Netherlands Amsterdam 855,965[45] 4.97%
93  Kyrgyzstan Bishkek 843,240 14.74%
94  Togo Lomé 824,738 12.10%
95  Panama Panama City 813,097 21.04%
96  Croatia Zagreb 804,200[46] 18.91%
97  Oman Muscat 797,000[47] 21.94%
98  Niger Niamey 794,814[48] 4.46%
99  Moldova Chişinău 794,800 [49] 22.33%
100  Israel Jerusalem[50] 780,200[51] 9.68%
101  Nigeria Abuja 778,567 [52] 0.45%
102  Tunisia Tunis 767,629 7.05%
103  Albania Tirana 763,634 27.53%
104  Turkmenistan Ashgabat 763,537 14.57%
105  Chad N'Djamena 751,288 5.86%
106  Honduras Tegucigalpa 735,982 9.09%
107  Central African Republic Bangui 731,548 14.79%
108  Mauritania Nouakchott 719,167 18.49%
109  Rwanda Kigali 718,414 6.10%
110  Latvia Riga 713,016 35.42%
111  Jamaica Kingston 701,063 25.82%
112  Eritrea Asmara 694,000 14.49%
113  Greece Athens 664,046 2011 6.17%
114  United States Washington, D.C. 658,893 2014 0.21%
115  Norway Oslo 645,701[53] 2013 12.70%
116  Finland Helsinki 635,591[54] 2016 11.55%
117  United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi 585,097[55] 6.27%
118  Tajikistan Dushanbe 582,496 7.10%
119  Portugal Lisbon 564,657 5.40%
120  Denmark Copenhagen 562,253 10.02%
121  Lithuania Vilnius 556,723 18.83%
122  Gabon Libreville 556,425 33.28%
123  El Salvador San Salvador 521,366 8.22%
124  North Macedonia Skopje 521,000 25%
125  Paraguay Asunción 520,722 7.66%
126  Macau Macau 520,400[56] 100%
127  Scotland Edinburgh 492,680 9.30%
128  Djibouti Djibouti (city) 475,332 54.45%
129  Côte d'Ivoire Yamoussoukro 454,929 2.24%
130  Guinea-Bissau Bissau 452,640 26.56%
131  Estonia Tallinn 440,206[57] 33.22%
132  Slovakia Bratislava 424,207 7.84%
133  Puerto Rico (US) San Juan 421,356 12.37%
134  Australia Canberra 410,301 2017 1.61%
135  New Zealand Wellington 405,000 2015[58] 8.66%
136  Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo 395,133 2013 11.19%
137  South Sudan Juba 372,410 3.30%
138  Wales Cardiff 346,100 11.30%
139  Northern Ireland Belfast 333,871 18.44%
140  Costa Rica San José 328,195 6.74%
141  Papua New Guinea Port Moresby 299,396[59] [unreliable source?] 4.09%
142  Laos Vientiane 287,579 4.25%
143  Tanzania Dodoma 287,200 2002 est.[60] 0.80%
144  Slovenia Ljubljana 280,140 13.60%
145  Cyprus Nicosia (south) 270,000 late 2004[61] 26.57%
146  Lesotho Maseru 267,652[59] 12.91%
147  Bolivia Sucre 261,201[62] 2.52%
148  Suriname Paramaribo 254,147 47.13%
149  Namibia Windhoek 252,721 10.97%
150  Bahamas Nassau 248,948 65.97%
151  Botswana Gaborone 225,656[63] 11.17%
152  Benin Porto-Novo 223,552 [64] 2.17%
153  Kosovo Prishtina 198,214 10.32%
154  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic El Aaiún (claimed)
Tifariti (factual)
194,668
3,000 [65]

2009
---
155  Transnistria Tiraspol 159,163 28.53%
156  Belgium Brussels 148,873[66] 1.40%
157  Mauritius Port Louis 147,251[67] 12.28%
158  India New Delhi 142,004 2011 0.01%
159  Montenegro Podgorica 141,854 22.83%
160  Bahrain Manama 140,616 10.56%
161  Guyana Georgetown 134,599 16.83%
162  Cape Verde Praia 125,464 25.15%
163   Switzerland Berne (de facto) 121,631 [68] 1.51%
164  Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte 115,826[69] 0.53%
165  Iceland Reykjavík 115,000[70] 35.60%
166  Barbados Bridgetown 110,000 39.06%
167  Maldives Malé 103,693 30.05%
168  Bhutan Thimphu 101,259 13.43%
169  Equatorial Guinea Malabo 100,677 [71] 13.30%
170  New Caledonia (France) Nouméa 89,207[72] 32.03%
171  Northern Cyprus Nicosia (north) 84,893 18.83%
172  Fiji Suva 84,410[72] 9.58%
173  Eswatini (Swaziland) Mbabane 81,594 6.53%
174  Luxembourg Luxembourg 76,420[73] 14.07%
175  Saint Lucia Castries 70,000[74] 38.40%
176  Northern Mariana Islands (USA) Saipan 62,392 (2000)[75] 100%
177  Comoros Moroni 60,200 8.19%
178  Solomon Islands Honiara 59,288[72] 10.56%
179  East Timor Dili 59,069 5.01%
180  São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé 56,166 29.10%
181  American Samoa (USA) Pago Pago 52,000 (2003)[76] 6.57%
182  Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain 50,479 3.76%
183  Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Stepanakert 49,986 36.57%
184  Curaçao (Netherlands) Willemstad 49,885 [77] 93.74%
185  Burundi Gitega 41,944[78] 2008 0.40%
186  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown 40,020 36.59%
187  Samoa Apia 39,813[79] 20.91%
188  Vanuatu Port Vila 38,000 [80] 15.03%
189  Monaco Monaco 35,986[81] 2011 est. 100%
190  The Gambia Banjul 34,828 1.88%
191  Kiribati Tarawa 30,000[82] 29.31%
192  Aruba (Netherlands) Oranjestad 29,998[83] ---
193  Seychelles Victoria 29,298 32.86%
194  Gibraltar (UK) Gibraltar 29,286 ---
195  Jersey (UK) Saint Helier 28,380 ---
196  Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan 28,135 6.73%
197  Cayman Islands (UK) George Town 26,798 41.1%
198  Isle of Man (UK) Douglas 26,600 ---
199  French Polynesia (France) Papeete 26,200 [84] ---
200  Palestine Ramallah (de facto) 25,500[85] 0.53%
201  Marshall Islands Majuro 25,400 48.26%
202  Andorra Andorra la Vella 22,884 28.89%
203  Antigua and Barbuda St. John's 22,679[86] 25.20%
204  Tonga Nukuʻalofa 22,400 21.27%
205  Faroe Islands (Denmark) Tórshavn 18,573 [87] ---
206  Guernsey (UK) St. Peter Port 16,701 ---
207  Belize Belmopan 16,451[88] 4.96%
208  Greenland (Denmark) Nuuk (Godthåb) 15,469 31.85%
209  Dominica Roseau 14,847 [89] 20.62%
210  Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre 13,043 24.07%
211  Åland (Finland) Mariehamn 11,296 [90] ---
212  United States Virgin Islands (US) Charlotte Amalie 10,817 ---
213  Federated States of Micronesia Palikir 9,900 9.56%
214  British Virgin Islands (UK) Road Town 9,400 ---
215  Grenada St. George's 7,500 7.08%
216  Malta Valletta 6,444[91] 2014 1.45%
217 Flag of Saint Barthelemy (local).svg Saint Barthélemy (France) Gustavia 6,000 ---
218 Collectivity of Saint Martin (France) Marigot 5,700 ---
219 Flag of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.svg Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) Saint-Pierre 5,509 ---
220  Cook Islands (NZ) Avarua 5,445 ---
221  Liechtenstein Vaduz 5,248 14.21%
222  San Marino City of San Marino 4,493 ---
223  Tuvalu Funafuti 4,492 45.48%
224  Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) Cockburn Town 3,700 ---
225  Falkland Islands (UK) Stanley 2,115 [92] ---
226  Svalbard (Norway) Longyearbyen 2,075 ---
227  Christmas Island (Australia) Flying Fish Cove 1,493 [93] ---
228  Sint Maarten (Netherlands) Philipsburg 1,338 ---
229 Flag of Wallis and Futuna.svg Wallis and Futuna (France) Mata-Utu 1,191 ---
230  Anguilla (UK) The Valley 1,169 ---
231  Nauru Yaren (de facto) 1,100[94] 10.91%
232  Guam (US) Hagåtña 1,100 ---
233  Bermuda (UK) Hamilton 1,010 ---
234  Norfolk Island (Australia) Kingston 880 [95] [unreliable source?] ---
235   Vatican City Vatican City (city-state) 826 (2009 est.)[96] 100%
236  Saint Helena (UK) Jamestown 714 ---
237  Niue (NZ) Alofi 616 ---
238  Tokelau (NZ) Atafu 524 34.96%
239  Montserrat (UK) Brades (de facto) 391 ---
240  Palau Ngerulmud 391 1.87%
241  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) West Island 120 22.06%
242  Pitcairn Islands (UK) Adamstown 56 100%
243  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (UK) King Edward Point 22 69%

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

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  8. ^ "Population & Housing Census-2011" (PDF). Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. p. 41. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 December 2015. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  9. ^ "Population Growth in London, 1939-2015". London Datastore. Greater London Authority. Archived (PDF) from the original on Feb 2015. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
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  12. ^ VnExpress – Ha Noi co 3,4 trieu nguoi Archived 2010-01-04 at the Wayback Machine Also aligns with who.int figure.
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  50. ^ The Jerusalem Law states that "Jerusalem, complete and united, is the capital of Israel" and the city serves as the seat of the government, home to the President's residence, government offices, supreme court, and parliament. The United Nations and most countries do not accept the Jerusalem Law (see Kellerman 1993, p. 140) and maintain their embassies in other cities such as Tel Aviv, Ramat Gan, and Herzliya (see the CIA Factbook and Map of Israel) The Palestinian Authority sees East Jerusalem as the capital of a future Palestinian state and the city's final status awaits future negotiations between Israel and the Palestinian Authority (see "Negotiating Jerusalem", University of Maryland Archived 2006-05-14 at the Wayback Machine). See Positions on Jerusalem for more information.
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