List of national capitals by population

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This is a list of national capitals, ordered according to population. Capitals of dependent territories and disputed territories are marked in italics. The population statistics given refer only to the official capital area, and do not include the wider metropolitan/urban district.

List[edit]

Rank Country/Territory Capital Population Year % of
country's
population
1  China Beijing 21,542,000[1] 2010 1.5%
2  India New Delhi 14,200,004 2011 1.05%
3  Japan Tokyo 13,929,286[2] 2017 11.03%
4  Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa 12,691,000[3] 2017 14.9%
5  Russia Moscow 12,506,468[4] 2011 8.52%
6  Indonesia Jakarta 10,075,310[5] 2011 3.76%
7  South Korea Seoul 9,838,892[6] 2015 19.03%
8  Egypt Cairo 9,500,000 2012 9.54%
9  Mexico Mexico City 8,918,653[7] 2015 7.05%
10  United Kingdom London 8,908,081[8] 2015 13.19%
11  Bangladesh Dhaka 8,906,039 [9] 2011 5.52%
12  Peru Lima 8,852,000[10] 2012 26.74%
13  Iran Tehran 8,693,706 2014 10.53%
14  Thailand Bangkok 8,305,218[11] 2010 11.96%
15  Vietnam Hanoi 8,053,663[12] 2019 8.37%
16  Saudi Arabia Riyadh 7,676,654[13] 2009 22.43%
17  Hong Kong Hong Kong 7,482,500[14] 2018 100%
18  Colombia Bogotá 7,181,469[15] 2011 14.88%
19  Iraq Baghdad 6,719,500[16] 17.48%
20  Chile Santiago 6,310,000[17] 2012 35.9%
21  Singapore Singapore 5,638,700[18] 2015 100%
22  Turkey Ankara 5,445,026 2014 6.64%
23  Germany Berlin 3,748,148[19] 2012 4.51%
24  Syria Damascus 3,500,000 15.32%
25  Algeria Algiers 3,415,811 8.45%
26  Spain Madrid 3,266,126[20] 2019 6.95%
27  North Korea Pyongyang 3,144,005 12.63%
28  Afghanistan Kabul 3,140,853 10.28%
29  Kenya Nairobi 3,138,369 2010 7.67%
30  Ethiopia Addis Ababa 3,040,740[21] 2012 3.31%
31  Argentina Buenos Aires 2,891,082[22] 2010 7.16%
32  Italy Rome 2,873,104[23] 2017 4.72%
33  Ukraine Kyiv 2,847,200[24] 2013 6.26%
34  Cameroon Yaoundé 2,765,568 [25] 2015 11.65%
35  Taiwan Taipei 2,668,572[26] 2018 11.31%
36  Brazil Brasília 2,648,532[27] 2012 1.33%
37  Jordan Amman 2,600,603 40.26%
38  Angola Luanda 2,453,779 11.43%
39  Guatemala Guatemala City 2,450,212 2008 11.11%
40  South Africa Pretoria 2,345,908 4.43%
41  France Paris 2,241,346[28] 2014 3.38%
42  Uzbekistan Tashkent 2,207,850 7.30%
43  Azerbaijan Baku 2,204,200[29] 2015 22.96%
44  Cuba Havana 2,135,498[30] 2010 18.93%
45  Cambodia Phnom Penh 2,011,725 13.29%
46  Romania Bucharest 1,942,254[31] 9.73%
48  Sudan Khartoum 1,840,661 4.59%
49  Venezuela Caracas 1,838,939 6.05%
50  Republic of the Congo Brazzaville 1,827,000 2014 39.19%
51  Morocco Rabat 1,789,635 5.42%
52  Philippines Manila 1,780,148[32] 2015 1.64%
53  Austria Vienna 1,749,673[33] 2013 20.65%
54  Hungary Budapest 1,729,040[34] 2011 17.34%
55  Poland Warsaw 1,711,324[35] 2012 4.42%
56  Belarus Minsk 1,702,061 17.98%
57  Uganda Kampala 1,659,600 4.42%
58  Ghana Accra 1,640,507 6.33%
59  Madagascar Antananarivo 1,613,375[36] [unreliable source?] 7.04%
60  Lebanon Beirut 1,574,387 35.25%
61  Ecuador Quito (de jure) Guayaquil (de facto) seat-of-government 1,504,991 9.65%
62  Zimbabwe Harare 1,487,028 10.51%
63  Qatar Doha 1,450,000 92%[37]
64  Yemen Sana'a 1,431,649 5.87%
65  Guinea Conakry 1,399,981 11.91%
66  Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 1,381,830 4.65%
67  Uruguay Montevideo 1,369,797 40.21%
68  Zambia Lusaka 1,331,254 9.16%
69  Mali Bamako 1,289,626 8.43%
70  Bulgaria Sofia 1,277,000 2019 15.02%
71  Czech Republic Prague 1,241,664[38] 2011 11.83%
72  Haiti Port-au-Prince 1,235,227 11.97%
73  Libya Tripoli 1,184,045 19.09%
74  Ireland Dublin 1,173,179 24.63%
75  Kuwait Kuwait City 1,171,880 34.78%
76  Serbia Belgrade 1,154,589 16.12%
77  Dominican Republic Santo Domingo 1,111,838[39] 2010 11.10%
78  Somalia Mogadishu 1,097,133 10.45%
79  Armenia Yerevan 1,080,487[36] [unreliable source?] 36.29%
80  Mozambique Maputo 1,076,689 4.17%
81  Sierra Leone Freetown 1,070,200 17.57%
82  Georgia Tbilisi 1,044,993 23.34%
83  Senegal Dakar 1,030,594 7.29%
84  Kazakhstan Nur-Sultan 1,029,556 2017 5.67%
85  Pakistan Islamabad 1,014,825[40] 2017 0.47%
86  Liberia Monrovia 1,010,970 23.54%
86  Burkina Faso Ouagadougou 1,005,231 5.94%
87    Nepal Kathmandu 1,003,285 2011[41] 3.69%
88  Sweden Stockholm 962,154[42] 2018 9.41%
89  Canada Ottawa 934,243[43] 2016 2.55%
90  Israel Jerusalem[44] 927,000[45] 10.1%
91  Nicaragua Managua 926,883 15.24%
92  Myanmar Naypyidaw[46] 925,000[47] 1.74%
93  Mongolia Ulaanbaatar 907,802 31.98%
94  Malawi Lilongwe 902,388 5.52%
95  Netherlands Amsterdam 855,965[48] 4.97%
96  Kyrgyzstan Bishkek 843,240 14.74%
97  Togo Lomé 824,738 12.10%
98  Panama Panama City 813,097 21.04%
99  Croatia Zagreb 804,200[49] 18.91%
100  Oman Muscat 797,000[50] 21.94%
101  Niger Niamey 794,814[51] 4.46%
102  Moldova Chişinău 794,800 [52] 22.33%
103  Denmark Copenhagen 794,128[53] 2020 13.64%
104  Nigeria Abuja 778,567 [54] 0.45%
105  Tunisia Tunis 767,629 7.05%
106  Albania Tirana 763,634 27.53%
107  Turkmenistan Ashgabat 763,537 14.57%
108  Chad N'Djamena 751,288 5.86%
109  Honduras Tegucigalpa 735,982 9.09%
110  Central African Republic Bangui 731,548 14.79%
111  Mauritania Nouakchott 719,167 18.49%
112  Rwanda Kigali 718,414 6.10%
113  Latvia Riga 713,016 35.42%
114  United States Washington, D.C. 705,749 2019 0.21%
115  Jamaica Kingston 701,063 25.82%
116  Eritrea Asmara 694,000 14.49%
117  Greece Athens 664,046 2011 6.17%
118  Norway Oslo 645,701[55] 2013 12.70%
119  Finland Helsinki 635,591[56] 2016 11.55%
120  United Arab Emirates Abu Dhabi 585,097[57] 6.27%
121  Tajikistan Dushanbe 582,496 7.10%
122  Portugal Lisbon 564,657 5.40%
123  Lithuania Vilnius 556,723 18.83%
124  Gabon Libreville 556,425 33.28%
125  El Salvador San Salvador 521,366 8.22%
126  North Macedonia Skopje 521,000 25%
127  Paraguay Asunción 520,722 7.66%
128  Macau Macau 520,400[58] 100%
129  Djibouti Djibouti (city) 475,332 54.45%
130  Ivory Coast Yamoussoukro 454,929 2.24%
131  Guinea-Bissau Bissau 452,640 26.56%
132  Estonia Tallinn 440,206[59] 33.22%
133  Slovakia Bratislava 424,207 7.84%
134  Puerto Rico (US) San Juan 421,356 12.37%
135  Australia Canberra 410,301 2017 1.61%
136  Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo 395,133 2013 11.19%
137  South Sudan Juba 372,410 3.30%
138  Costa Rica San José 328,195 6.74%
139  Papua New Guinea Port Moresby 299,396[60] [unreliable source?] 4.09%
140  Laos Vientiane 287,579 4.25%
141  Tanzania Dodoma 287,200 2002 est.[61] 0.80%
142  Slovenia Ljubljana 280,140 13.60%
143  Cyprus Nicosia 270,000 late 2004[62] 26.57%
144  Lesotho Maseru 267,652[60] 12.91%
145  Bolivia Sucre 261,201[63][circular reference] 2.52%
146  Suriname Paramaribo 254,147 47.13%
147  Namibia Windhoek 252,721 10.97%
148  Bahamas Nassau 248,948 65.97%
149  Botswana Gaborone 225,656[64] 11.17%
150  Benin Porto-Novo 223,552 [65] 2.17%
151  New Zealand Wellington 215,100 June 2020[66] 4.23%
152  Kosovo Prishtina 198,214 10.32%
153  Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic El Aaiún (claimed)
Tifariti (factual)
194,668
3,000 [67]

2009
---
154  Transnistria Tiraspol 159,163 28.53%
155  Belgium Brussels 148,873[68] 1.40%
156  Mauritius Port Louis 147,251[69] 12.28%
157  Montenegro Podgorica 141,854 22.83%
158  Bahrain Manama 140,616 10.56%
159  Guyana Georgetown 134,599 16.83%
160  Cape Verde Praia 125,464 25.15%
161   Switzerland Berne (de facto) 121,631 [70] 1.51%
162  Luxembourg Luxembourg 119,214[71] 19.41%
163  Sri Lanka Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte 115,826[72] 0.53%
164  Iceland Reykjavík 115,000[73] 35.60%
165  Barbados Bridgetown 110,000 39.06%
166  Maldives Malé 103,693 30.05%
167  Bhutan Thimphu 101,259 13.43%
168  Equatorial Guinea Malabo 100,677 [74] 13.30%
169  New Caledonia (France) Nouméa 89,207[75] 32.03%
170  Fiji Suva 84,410[75] 9.58%
171  Eswatini (Swaziland) Mbabane 81,594 6.53%
172  Saint Lucia Castries 20,000[76] 10.86%
173  Northern Mariana Islands (USA) Saipan 62,392 2000 [77] 100%
174  Comoros Moroni 60,200 8.19%
175  Solomon Islands Honiara 59,288[75] 10.56%
176  East Timor Dili 59,069 5.01%
177  São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé 56,166 29.10%
178  American Samoa (USA) Pago Pago 52,000 2003[78] 6.57%
179  Trinidad and Tobago Port of Spain 50,479 3.76%
180  Nagorno-Karabakh Republic Stepanakert 49,986 36.57%
181  Curaçao (Netherlands) Willemstad 49,885 [79] 93.74%
182  Burundi Gitega 41,944[80] 2008 0.40%
183  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown 40,020 36.59%
184  Samoa Apia 39,813[81] 20.91%
185  Vanuatu Port Vila 38,000 [82] 15.03%
186  Monaco Monaco 35,986[83] 2011 est. 100%
187  The Gambia Banjul 34,828 1.88%
188  Kiribati Tarawa 30,000[84] 29.31%
189  Aruba (Netherlands) Oranjestad 29,998[85] ---
190  Seychelles Victoria 29,298 32.86%
191  Gibraltar (UK) Gibraltar 29,286 ---
192  Jersey (UK) Saint Helier 28,380 ---
193  Brunei Bandar Seri Begawan 28,135 6.73%
194  Cayman Islands (UK) George Town 26,798 41.1%
195  Isle of Man (UK) Douglas 26,600 ---
196  French Polynesia (France) Papeete 26,200 [86] ---
197  Palestine Ramallah (de facto) 25,500[87] 0.53%
198  Marshall Islands Majuro 25,400 48.26%
199  Andorra Andorra la Vella 22,884 28.89%
200  Antigua and Barbuda St. John's 22,679[88] 25.20%
201  Tonga Nukuʻalofa 22,400 21.27%
202  Faroe Islands (Denmark) Tórshavn 18,573 [89] ---
203  Guernsey (UK) St. Peter Port 16,701 ---
204  Belize Belmopan 16,451[90] 4.96%
205  Greenland (Denmark) Nuuk (Godthåb) 15,469 31.85%
206  Dominica Roseau 14,847 [91] 20.62%
207  Saint Kitts and Nevis Basseterre 13,043 24.07%
208  Åland (Finland) Mariehamn 11,296 [92] ---
209  United States Virgin Islands (US) Charlotte Amalie 10,817 ---
210  Federated States of Micronesia Palikir 9,900 9.56%
211  British Virgin Islands (UK) Road Town 9,400 ---
212  Grenada St. George's 7,500 7.08%
213  Malta Valletta 6,444[93] 2014 1.45%
214 Flag of Saint Barthélemy (local).svg Saint Barthélemy (France) Gustavia 6,000 ---
215 Collectivity of Saint Martin (France) Marigot 5,700 ---
216 Flag of Saint-Pierre and Miquelon.svg Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) Saint-Pierre 5,509 ---
217  Cook Islands (NZ) Avarua 5,445 ---
218  Liechtenstein Vaduz 5,248 14.21%
219  San Marino City of San Marino 4,493 13.47%
220  Tuvalu Funafuti 4,492 45.48%
221  Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) Cockburn Town 3,700 ---
222  Falkland Islands (UK) Stanley 2,115 [94] ---
223  Svalbard (Norway) Longyearbyen 2,075 ---
224  Christmas Island (Australia) Flying Fish Cove 1,493 [95] ---
225  Sint Maarten (Netherlands) Philipsburg 1,338 ---
226 Flag of Wallis and Futuna.svg Wallis and Futuna (France) Mata-Utu 1,191 ---
227  Anguilla (UK) The Valley 1,169 ---
228  Nauru Yaren (de facto) 1,100 10.91%
229  Guam (US) Hagåtña 1,100 ---
230  Bermuda (UK) Hamilton 854 [96] 2016 1.34%
231   Vatican City Vatican City (city-state) 826 2009 est.[97] 100%
232  Saint Helena (UK) Jamestown 714 ---
233  Niue (NZ) Alofi 616 ---
234  Tokelau (NZ) Atafu 524 34.96%
235  Montserrat (UK) Brades (de facto)
Plymouth (de jure)
391
0

---
236  Palau Ngerulmud 271 1.87%
237  Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) West Island 120 22.06%
238  Pitcairn Islands (UK) Adamstown 50 100%
239  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (UK) King Edward Point 22 69%
240  Norfolk Island (Australia) Kingston (de facto) n/a[98]

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

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Bibliography[edit]

  • Kellerman, Aharon (1993). Society and Settlement: Jewish Land of Israel in the Twentieth Century. State University of New York Press. ISBN 978-0-7914-1295-4.