List of national governments
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|Head of state|
This is a list of the offices of heads of state, heads of government, cabinet, and legislature, of sovereign states. Date of Origin refers to most recent fundamental change in form of government, for example independence, change from absolute monarchy to constitutional monarchy, revolution, new constitution.
Member and observer states of the United Nations
|Country||Head of State||Head of Government||Cabinet||Legislature||Date of Origin|
|Abkhazia||President||Prime Minister||Government||People's Assembly||1994|
|Taiwan, Republic of China||President||Premier||Executive Yuan||Legislative Yuan||1947|
|Northern Cyprus||President||Prime Minister||Government||Assembly of the Republic||1985|
|South Ossetia||President||Prime Minister||Cabinet||Parliament||1991|
|Transnistria||President||Prime Minister||Government||Supreme Soviet||1991|
|Western Sahara||President||Prime Minister||National Council||1976|
- List of current heads of state and government
- List of national legislatures
- List of national supreme courts
- Kim Jong-un, as Chairman of the State Affairs Commission is considered North Korea's "highest administrative authority". However, Kim Yong-nam, as President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly does many of the duties of a head of state. Deceased former North Korean rulers Kim Il-sung and Kim Jong-il are listed as the eternal leaders of Juche Korea.
- In Commonwealth realms other than the UK, the Governor-General represents Queen Elizabeth II who is the official head of state.
- Statsministeriet (The Prime Minister's Office) - History. Access date: 1 September 2012
- Taylor, Stephen (2002). "Robert Walpole". In Eccleshall, Robert; Walker, Graham (eds.). Biographical Dictionary of British Prime Ministers. Routledge. p. 10.