List of national independence days
An independence day is an annual event commemorating the anniversary of a nation's independence or statehood, usually after ceasing to be a group or part of another nation or state, or more rarely after the end of a military occupation. Many countries commemorate their independence from a colonial empire. American political commentator Walter Russell Mead notes that, "World-wide, British Leaving Day is never out of season."
The following list includes current observer and member states of the United Nations that have public holidays dedicated to the establishment of the country's independence or sovereignty from a foreign power. The list does not include days commemorating regime changes (e.g. various Revolution Days or Republic Days), days commemorating its liberation from an occupying military power (Liberation Days or Victory Days), or other National Days not tied to the establishment of independence.
|Country||Name of holiday||Date of holiday||Year of event||Independence from||Event commemorated and notes|
|Afghanistan||Afghan Independence Day (Afghan Victory Day)||August 19||1919||United Kingdom||Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919 or Treaty of Rawalpindi, an armistice between the United Kingdom and Afghanistan during the Third Anglo-Afghan War|
|Albania||Flag Day (Dita e Flamurit)||November 28||1912||Ottoman Empire||Albanian Declaration of Independence. The following day, November 29, is celebrated as the Liberation Day and commemorates the end of the German occupation in 1944.|
|Algeria||Independence Day||July 5||1962||France||Algeria gained independence following the Algerian War and the Algerian independence referendum. France officially recognized independent Algeria on July 3, but the Independence Day is celebrated on July 5, the day of the fall of Algiers in 1830 and the beginning of French Algeria.|
|Angola||Independence Day||November 11||1975||Portugal||The Alvor Agreement, signed on 15 January 1975, granted Angola independence from Portugal on 11 November, ending the Angolan War of Independence.|
|Antigua and Barbuda||Independence Day||November 1||1981||United Kingdom||The effective date of the Antigua Termination of Association Order passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom in July|
|Argentina||Independence Day||July 9||1816||Spanish Empire||Argentine Declaration of Independence|
|Armenia||Republic Day||May 28||1918||Russian Empire||Declaration of Independence of Armenia (1918)|
|Independence Day||September 21||1991||Soviet Union||1991 Armenian independence referendum|
|Australia||None||Australia Day (January 26) commemorates arrival of the First Fleet of British ships and is not an independence day.|
|Austria||National Day||October 26||1955||Allied occupying powers (France, United Kingdom, United States, and Soviet Union)||Declaration of Neutrality|
|Azerbaijan||Republic Day||May 28||1918||Russian Empire||Declaration of Independence (Azerbaijan)|
|Independence Day||October 18||1991||Soviet Union||Adoption of the constitutional act "On the State Independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan"|
|Bahamas, The||Independence Day||July 10||1973||United Kingdom||Effective date of The Bahamas Independence Order 1973|
|Bahrain||Independence Day||December 16||1971||United Kingdom||Ascension of Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa to the throne|
|Bangladesh||Independence Day||March 26||1971||Pakistan||Proclamation of Bangladeshi Independence|
|Barbados||Independence Day||November 30||1966||United Kingdom||Effective date of the Barbados Independence Act 1966|
|Belarus||Independence Day||July 3||1944||Nazi Germany||The liberation of Minsk after several years of German occupation in 1944. Two other independence days – March 25 (proclamation of the Belarusian People's Republic in 1918) and July 27 (independence from the Soviet Union in 1990) – are commemorated unofficially.|
|Belgium||National Day||July 21||1831||United Netherlands||Ascension of Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld to the throne|
|Belize||Independence Day||September 21||1981||United Kingdom||Effective day of the Belize Act 1981|
|Benin||Independence Day||August 1||1960||France||Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 11 creating the independent Republic of Dahomey|
|Bolivia||Independence Day||August 6||1825||Spain||Bolivian Declaration of Independence|
|Bosnia and Herzegovina||Independence Day||March 1||1992||Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia||1992 Bosnian independence referendum|
|Botswana||Independence Day||September 30||1966||United Kingdom||Effective date of the Botswana Independence Act 1966|
|Brazil||Independence Day (Dia da Independência)||September 7||1822||United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves||Declaration of independence by Pedro I of Brazil (see Independence of Brazil)|
|Brunei||National Day||February 23||1984||United Kingdom||Brunei gained full independence effective January 1, 1984 under the Treaty of Friendship and Co-operation of 7 January 1979 between United Kingdom and Brunei. However, the celebrations of the first National Day were delayed until February 23 and that day continues to be celebrated since.|
|Bulgaria||Liberation Day||March 3||1878||Ottoman Empire||Treaty of San Stefano which created the autonomous Principality of Bulgaria|
|Independence Day||October 5||1908||Ottoman Empire||Bulgarian Declaration of Independence|
|Burkina Faso||Proclamation of Independence Day||December 11||1958||France||Effective date when French Upper Volta became an autonomous republic in the French Community|
|Independence Day||August 5||1960||France||Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 11 and creation of the independent Republic of Upper Volta|
|Burundi||Independence Day||July 1||1962||Belgium||Effective date of the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1746 terminating the Ruanda-Urundi Trusteeship|
|Cambodia||Independence Day||November 9||1953||France||Ceremony transferring military from French to Cambodian officials based on a military hand-over agreement reached on October 17, 1953|
|Cameroon||None||Cameroon gained independence on January 1, 1960, but does not celebrate that date. Instead, it celebrates the National Day on May 20 commemorating the 1972 Cameroonian constitutional referendum.|
|Canada||None||Canada Day on July 1 commemorates the establishment of the Dominion of Canada in 1867.|
|Cape Verde||Independence Day||July 5||1975||Portugal||Effective date of the Agreement Between Portugal and Partido Africano para a Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde (PAIGC) signed on December 18, 1974|
|Central African Republic||National Day||December 1||1958||France||Effective date when Central African Republic became an autonomous republic of the French Community|
|Independence Day||August 13||1960||France||Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 12|
|Chad||Republic Day||November 28||1958||France||Effective date when Chad became an autonomous republic in the French Community|
|Independence Day||August 11||1960||France||Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 12|
|Chile||Independence Day (part of Fiestas Patrias)||September 18||1810||Spanish Empire||Establishment of the Government Junta of Chile. The following day, September 19, is celebrated as the Army Day. The two holidays collectively are known as Fiestas Patrias.|
|China||None||National Day commemorates the founding of the People's Republic of China on October 1, 1949.|
|Colombia||Independence Day||July 20||1810||Spanish Empire||Colombian Declaration of Independence|
|Comoros||Independence Day||July 6||1975||France||Unilateral declaration of independence by the Chamber of Deputies of Comoros following the 1974 Comorian independence referendum|
|Congo, Democratic Republic of the||Independence Day||June 30||1960||Belgium||Effective date of the Treaty of Friendship, Assistance and Co-operation between Belgium and the Congo concluded on June 29, 1960|
|Congo, Republic of the||Republic Day||November 28||1958||France||Effective date when Congo became an autonomous republic in the French Community|
|Independence Day||August 15||1960||France||Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 12.|
|Costa Rica||Independence Day||September 15||1821||Spanish Empire||Act of Independence of Central America|
|Croatia||Statehood Day||May 30||1990||SFR Yugoslavia||First session of the Croatian Parliament following the 1990 Croatian parliamentary election. October 8 (when the parliament adopted a decision to sever constitutional relations with Yugoslavia in 1991) and June 25 (when the parliament voted for independence in 1991) were also celebrated as independence days. After the 2019 changes to the law on public holidays, October 8 is the Parliament Day and June 25 is the Independence Day, but they are memorial days and not public holidays.|
|Cuba||Commencement of the Wars of Independence||October 10||1868||Spanish Empire||Call to rebellion (known as Grito de Yara) by sugar planter Carlos Manuel de Cespedes that led to the Ten Years' War for independence|
|Cyprus||National Day||April 1||1955||United Kingdom||1 April attacks that started the Cyprus Emergency|
|Independence Day||October 1||1960||United Kingdom||Effective date of the London-Zürich Agreements was August 16, 1960, but the public holiday was moved to October 1 to avoid summer heat and tourist season.|
|Czech Republic||Independence Day||October 28||1918||Austria-Hungary||Independence declaration by the Czechoslovak National Council|
|Restoration Day||January 1||1993||Czechoslovakia||Effective date of the Dissolution of Czechoslovakia into Czech Republic and Slovakia|
|Djibouti||Independence Day||June 27||1977||France|
|Dominica||Independence Day||November 3||1978||United Kingdom|
|Dominican Republic||February 27||1821 and 1844||Independence from Spain in December 1821.|
Independence re-declared from Haiti in 1844, after a 22-year occupation.
|East Timor||May 20||2002||Portugal||East Timor was invaded by Indonesia from 1975 to 1999, officially it never ceased to be considered as administrated by Portugal.|
|Ecuador||Independence Day||August 10||1809||Spanish Empire||Proclaimed independence on August 10, 1809, but failed with the execution of all the conspirators of the movement on August 2, 1810.|
|May 24||1822||Spanish Empire||Battle of Pichincha|
|Egypt||None||Unilateral Declaration of Egyptian Independence was issued on February 28, 1922, but Egypt does not celebrate this date.|
|El Salvador||Independence Day||September 15||1821||Spanish Empire||Act of Independence of Central America|
|Equatorial Guinea||October 12||1968||Spain|
|Eritrea||Independence Day||May 24||1991||Ethiopia|
|Estonia||Independence Day||February 24||1918||Russian Empire||Estonian Declaration of Independence|
|Day of Restoration of Independence||August 20||1991||Soviet Union||Estonian Restoration of Independence|
|Eswatini||Somhlolo Day||September 6||1968||United Kingdom|
|Fiji||Fiji Day||October 10||1970||United Kingdom||Instruments of Independence|
|Finland||Independence Day||December 6||1917||Russian Empire||Finnish Declaration of Independence|
|Gabon||August 16||1960||France||Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 15.|
|Gambia, The||February 18||1965||United Kingdom||Effective date of the Gambia Independence Act 1964|
|Georgia||Independence Day||May 26||1918||Russian Empire||Day of the proclamation of the Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1918.|
|Day of National Unity||April 9||1991||Soviet Union|
|Ghana||Independence Day||March 6||1957||United Kingdom|
|Greece||March 25||1821||Ottoman Empire||Declaration of independence 1821. Start of the Greek War of Independence.|
|Grenada||Independence Day||February 7||1974||United Kingdom|
|Guatemala||Independence Day||September 15||1821||Spanish Empire||Act of Independence of Central America|
|Guinea-Bissau||Independence Day||September 24||1973||Portugal||Declaration of independence during the Guinea-Bissau War of Independence|
|Guyana||May 26||1966||United Kingdom|
|Haiti||Independence Day||January 1||1804||France||Haitian Declaration of Independence|
|Honduras||Independence Day||September 15||1821||Spanish Empire||Act of Independence of Central America|
|Hungary||October 23||1989||Opening of its previously-restricted border with Austria in 1989, and establishment as a democratic parliamentary republic.|
|Iceland||Independence Day||June 17||1944||Denmark||Effective date of the dissolution of the Danish–Icelandic Act of Union following the 1944 Icelandic constitutional referendum|
|India||Independence Day||August 15||1947||United Kingdom||Effective date of the Indian Independence Act 1947|
|Indonesia||Independence Day (Hari Kemerdekaan)||August 17||1945||Netherlands and Japan||Proclamation of Indonesian Independence|
|Iran||April 1||1979||After holding a referendum, Iran officially became an Islamic republic in April 1979.|
|Iraq||October 3||1932||United Kingdom|
|Ireland||April 24||1916||United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland||Proclamation of the Irish Republic commencing the Easter Rising. Usually celebrated on Easter Monday.|
|Israel||Yom Ha'atzmaut||Iyar 5 (On or between Apr 15 and May 15, depending on the Hebrew calendar).||1948||United Kingdom and the British Mandate for Palestine||Israeli Declaration of Independence on May 14, 1948 (5 Iyar 5708 in the Hebrew calendar). Yom Ha'atzmaut is celebrated on the Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday nearest to 5 Iyar, so it occurs between 3 and 6 Iyar each year; this means that the holiday can fall any time between and including April 15 and May 15, according to the Gregorian calendar.|
|Ivory Coast||August 7||1960||France||Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 11.|
|Jamaica||August 6||1962||United Kingdom||Independence of Jamaica|
|Jordan||Independence Day||May 25||1946||United Kingdom||Ascension of Abdullah I of Jordan to the throne|
|Kazakhstan||Independence Day||December 16||1991||Soviet Union|
|Kenya||Jamhuri Day||December 12||1963||United Kingdom|
|Kiribati||July 12||1979||United Kingdom|
|North Korea||Chogukhaebangŭi nal||August 15||1945||Empire of Japan||Founding of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in 1948. Korean War 1950–1953.|
|South Korea||Samiljeol||March 1||1919||Empire of Japan||Korean Declaration of Independence in 1919. This day is celebrated as Samiljeol, or Independence Proclamation Day.|
|Gwangbokjeol||August 15||1945||Empire of Japan||Liberation from the Empire of Japan in 1945. See Japanese Occupation of Korea. The Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was founded in 1919. Korean War 1950–1953.|
|Kuwait||February 25||1961||United Kingdom|
|Kyrgyzstan||Independence Day||August 31||1991||Soviet Union|
|Laos||None||Laos gained autonomy from France on 19 July 1949 and full independence on 22 October 1953, but those days are not celebrated as public holidays in Laos. The National Day on December 2 commemorates the establishment of the Lao People's Democratic Republic in 1975.|
|Latvia||Proclamation Day of the Republic of Latvia||November 18||1918||Russian Empire and German Empire||Proclamation of independence on November 18, 1918. Latvia was part of Russian Empire prior to World War I, but its territory had been ceded to German Empire in March 1918|
|May 4||1990||Soviet Union||On the Restoration of Independence of the Republic of Latvia|
|Lebanon||Independence Day||November 22||1943||France|
|Lesotho||October 4||1966||United Kingdom|
|Liberia||Independence Day||July 26||1847||American Colonization Society||Liberian Declaration of Independence|
|Libya||December 24||1951||Italy||Independence from Italy on February 10, 1947, released from British and French on December 24, 1951.|
|Lithuania||Statehood Restoration Day||February 16||1918||Russian Empire and German Empire||Act of Independence of Lithuania|
|Independence Restoration Day||March 11||1990||Soviet Union||Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania|
|Malawi||July 6||1964||United Kingdom|
|Malaysia||Hari Merdeka||August 31||1957||United Kingdom||Malayan Declaration of Independence|
|Maldives||July 26||1965||United Kingdom|
|Malta||Independence Day||September 21||1964||United Kingdom|
|Mauritania||November 28||1960||France||Effective date of the agreement with France signed on October 19.|
|Mauritius||March 12||1968||United Kingdom|
|Mexico||Grito de Dolores
Día de la Independéncia
|1810||Spanish Empire||Start of the Mexican War of Independence|
|Micronesia||Independence Day||November 3||1986||United States||Effective date of the Compact of Free Association|
|Moldova||Independence Day||August 27||1991||Soviet Union||Moldovan Declaration of Independence|
|Mongolia||Independence Day||December 29||1911||Great Qing||Independence declared in 1911. However, the newly established Mongolian government was too weak to resist the occupation of the Republic of China in 1919 and later White Russia in early 1921. After ousting Roman von Ungern-Sternberg's forces, the new communist government was officially established on June 11, 1921.|
|Montenegro||May 21||2006||Serbia and Montenegro||2006 Montenegrin independence referendum|
|Morocco||Proclamation of Independence Day||January 11||1944||France and Spain|
|Independence Day||November 18||1955||France and Spain||Return of Mohammed V of Morocco from exile|
|Myanmar||Independence Day||January 4||1948||United Kingdom||Burmese Declaration of Independence|
|Namibia||March 21||1990||South Africa|
|Nauru||January 31||1968||Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom|
|Netherlands, The||July 26||1581||Spanish Empire||Declaration of Independence in 1581 as the Dutch Republic|
|Nicaragua||Independence Day||September 15||1821||Spanish Empire||Act of Independence of Central America|
|Niger||Independence Day||August 3||1960||France||Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 11.|
|Nigeria||Independence Day||October 1||1960||United Kingdom|
|North Macedonia||Independence Day (Den na nezavisnosta)||September 8||1991||SFR Yugoslavia|
|Norway||Constitution Day||May 17||1814||Denmark||National Day: Independence and the Constitution of Norway (May 17, 1814)|
|Independence Day||June 7||1905||Sweden||Union Dissolution and Independence Day (June 7, 1905)|
|Oman||National Day||November 18||1650||Portugal|
|Pakistan||Independence Day (Youm-e-Azadi)||August 14||1947||United Kingdom||Effective date of the Indian Independence Act 1947; see also: Pakistan Day (March 23)|
|Palestine||National Day||November 15||1988||Israel||Palestinian Declaration of Independence|
|Panama||November 28||1821||Spain||Independence Act of Panama|
|November 3||1903||Colombia||Panama was member of the "Gran Colombia" until 1903. The 1903 separation from Colombia is celebrated as an official holiday day on November 3.|
|Papua New Guinea||September 16||1975||Australia of the former Territory of Papua and New Guinea|
|Paraguay||Independence Day||May 15||1811||Spanish Empire|
|Peru||Fiestas Patrias||July 28||1821||Spanish Empire|
|Philippines||Independence Day (Araw ng Kalayaan or Araw ng Kasarinlan)||June 12||1898||Spanish Empire||Philippine Declaration of Independence by Emilio Aguinaldo during the Philippine Revolution against Spain. The Philippines achieved self-rule from the United States on July 4, 1946, and celebrated July 4 as Independence Day until 1964.|
|Poland||Independence Day (Święto Niepodległości)||November 11||1918||Russian Empire and German Empire||Restoration of Poland's independence in 1918 after 123 years of partitions by Russia, Prussia, and Austria.|
|Portugal||Restoration of Independence Day||December 1||1640||Spanish Empire||Portugal was officially an autonomous state, but the country was in a personal union with the Spanish crown from 1580 to 1640 – date of the restoration of full Portuguese autonomy from Iberian Union with Spain.|
|Qatar||National Day||December 18||1878||Ottoman Empire|
|Independence from Britain||December 18||1971||United Kingdom||The former is celebrated more often|
|Romania||May 9||1877||Ottoman Empire||Romania's declaration of its independence, while the ultimately victorious independence war against the Ottoman Empire in 1877–1878 alongside Russia, was just beginning.|
|Rwanda||Independence Day||July 1||1962||Belgium||Effective date of the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1746 terminating the Ruanda-Urundi Trusteeship|
|Saint Kitts and Nevis||Independence Day||September 19||1983||United Kingdom|
|Saint Lucia||Independence Day||February 22||1979||United Kingdom|
|Saint Vincent and the Grenadines||Independence Day||October 27||1979||United Kingdom|
|Samoa||June 1||1962||New Zealand|
|São Tomé and Príncipe||Independence Day||July 12||1975||Portugal||Effective date of the agreement with Portugal reached on November 26, 1974|
|Senegal||Independence Day||April 4||1960||France|
|Serbia||Statehood Day||February 15||1804||Ottoman Empire||The beginning of First Serbian Uprising in 1804, it evolved into a Serbian Revolution, war for independence from Ottoman Empire; and the adoption of the first Constitution in 1835.|
|Seychelles||June 29||1976||United Kingdom|
|Sierra Leone||Independence Day||April 27||1961||United Kingdom|
|Singapore||National Day||August 9||1965||Malaysia||Proclamation of Singapore|
|Slovakia||July 17||1992||Declaration of Independence in 1992 (only a remembrance day), de jure independence came on January 1, 1993 after the division of Czechoslovakia (public holiday).|
|Slovenia||Independence and Unity Day||December 26 and June 25||1991||SFR Yugoslavia||Date of the release of the official results of the independence plebiscite in 1990, confirming secession from Yugoslavia. (Statehood Day) Declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.|
|Solomon Islands||Independence Day||July 7||1978||United Kingdom|
|Somalia||Independence Day||July 1||1960||Italy and United Kingdom||Union of the Trust Territory of Somalia (former Italian Somaliland) and British Somaliland to form the Somali Republic. Event commemorated annually.|
|South Africa||Not a holiday||December 11||1931||United Kingdom||Independence in 1931 in terms of the Balfour Declaration of 1926 which is not a public holiday. The Union of South Africa formed on May 31, 1910 and the Republic of South Africa declared on May 31, 1961 under minority rule during Apartheid. Majority rule achieved on April 27, 1994, which is celebrated annually as the Freedom Day.|
|South Sudan||Independence Day||July 9||2011||Sudan|
|Sri Lanka||Independence Day||February 4||1948||United Kingdom|
|Sudan||Independence Day||January 1||1956||Egypt and the United Kingdom|
|Suriname||Independence Day||November 25||1975||Netherlands|
|Sweden||National Day||June 6||1523||Celebrates the election of King Gustav Vasa in 1523 and the new constitutions in 1809 and 1974. The election of King Gustav Vasa was the de facto end of the Kalmar Union and has been seen as a formal declaration of independence.|
|Switzerland||Swiss National Day||August 1||1291||Alliance against the Holy Roman Empire in 1291.|
|Syria||Evacuation Day||April 17||1946||France||End of the French Mandate of Syria in 1946.|
|Tajikistan||Independence Day||September 9||1991||Soviet Union|
|Tanzania||December 9||1961||United Kingdom||Independence as Tanganyika|
|Tonga||June 4||1970||United Kingdom||Termination of protectorate status in 1970|
|Trinidad and Tobago||Independence Day||August 31||1962||United Kingdom||Effective date of the Trinidad and Tobago Independence Act 1962|
|Tunisia||Independence Day||March 20||1956||France|
|Turkey||None||Republic Day (October 29) and National Sovereignty and Children's Day (April 23) celebrate the founding of the Republic of Turkey, but are not independence days.|
|Turkmenistan||Independence Day||September 27||1991||Soviet Union|
|Tuvalu||Independence Day||October 1||1978||United Kingdom|
|Uganda||Independence Day||October 9||1962||United Kingdom|
|Ukraine||Independence Day||August 24||1991||Soviet Union||Declaration of Independence of Ukraine|
|Day of Unity||January 22||1919||Russian Republic||Unification of Ukraine on January 22, 1919.|
|United Arab Emirates||National Day||December 2||1971||United Kingdom|
|United States||Independence Day or Fourth of July||July 4||1776||Kingdom of Great Britain||United States Declaration of Independence|
|Uruguay||Independence Day||August 25||1825||United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata||Declaration of independence and union with the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata.|
|Uzbekistan||Independence Day||September 1||1991||Soviet Union|
|Vanuatu||Independence Day||July 30||1980||United Kingdom and France|
|Venezuela||Independence Day||July 5||1811||Spanish Empire||Venezuelan Declaration of Independence|
|Vietnam||Independence Day||September 2||1945||Empire of Japan and French||Proclamation of Independence of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam|
|Yemen||November 30||1967||United Kingdom||Declaration of independence as South Yemen|
|Zambia||Independence Day||October 24||1964||United Kingdom||Effective date of the Zambia Independence Act 1964|
|Zimbabwe||Independence Day||April 18||1980||United Kingdom||Effective date of the Lancaster House Agreement|
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