List of current heads of state and government
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This is a list of current heads of state and government, showing heads of state and heads of government where different, mainly in parliamentary systems. Often a leader is both in presidential systems. Some states have semi-presidential systems, where the head of government role is fulfilled by both the listed head of government and the head of state.
The list includes the names of the recently elected or appointed heads of state who will take office on an appointed date.
Member states and observers of the United Nations
- Cells highlighted in yellow indicate state leaders chiefly regarded (e.g. de facto) as administering their governmental executive
- Names in small font generally denote acting, transitional, temporary leaders or representatives
- Other notes and exceptions are provided in the References section below.
The following states control their territory and are recognized by at least one UN member state.
The following states/governments control their territory, but are not recognized by any UN member states.
These alternative governments are recognized as a sovereign state by at least one UN member.
- List of current foreign ministers
- List of current presidents of assembly
- List of current vice presidents
- List of current dependent territory leaders
- List of elected or appointed female heads of government
- List of elected or appointed female heads of state
- Lists of office-holders
- List of current state leaders by date of assumption of office
- List of current longest ruling non-royal national leaders
- List of longest-ruling non-royal national leaders since 1900
- Lists of state leaders by year
- List of state leaders in 2015
- Lists of state leaders
- List of current Permanent Representatives to the United Nations
- List of countries by system of government
- List of leaders of dependent territories
- In this state, the President is both head of state and government. The office of Prime Minister, Chief of the Cabinet of Ministers, or Chief Executive Officer exists in these states, but it does not hold any real power.
- The President of France and the French Co-Prince of Andorra are positions held by the same person.
- Queen Elizabeth II is separately and equally monarch of 16 sovereign states known collectively as the Commonwealth realms. In each of these countries, with the exception of the United Kingdom (where she predominantly resides), she is represented at the national level by a governor-general (unhyphenated in Canada as governor general). In some of these countries, opinion differs as to whether the Queen or governor-general should be designated as head of state; there is no questioning of the Queen's position as sovereign, above the governors-general, however.
- The three-member presidency of Bosnia and Herzegovina is the head of state collectively.
- The Governor-General of New Zealand and the Governor-General of Niue are positions held by the same person
- The term Supreme Leader is used as a description, for the sake of brevity, rather than being an official title of a single office. The actual offices held by Kim are: First Secretary of the Workers' Party of Korea, First Chairman of the National Defence Commission, and Supreme Commander of the Korean People's Army.
- The President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly accepts the credentials of foreign ambassadors, signs treaties, receives visiting heads of state and represents North Korea on all state visits—ceremonial functions normally performed by a head of state in other countries. The Chairman of the Presidium has held these duties since 5 September 1998, when the Constitution of North Korea was revised.
- As of 1 October 2015[update], the Sammarinese Grand and General Council holds more seats for the party of the diarchial former partner (Christian Democratic Party) than those being held by the party of the latter partner (Popular Alliance)—thus it being the former considered likely politically to exert a wider influence.
- The seven-member Swiss Federal Council is the collective Head of State and the government of the Swiss Confederation. Within the Council, the President of the Swiss Confederation serves solely in a primus inter pares capacity for one year.
- States in free association with New Zealand.
- United Nations – List of heads of state, heads of government and foreign ministers
- CIDOB – List of current heads of state and of government (Spanish)
- Rulers – List of rulers throughout time and places
- EmilePhaneuf.com – Archived, partial list of official websites for heads of state