List of legislatures by country

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This is a list of legislatures by country. A "legislature" is the generic name for the National Parliaments and Congresses that act as a plenary general assembly of representatives and that have the power to legislate. All entities included in the list of countries are included in this list.

Names of legislatures[edit]

The legislatures are listed with their names in English and the name in the (most-used) native language of the country (or the official name in the second-most used native language in cases where English is the majority "native" language).

List of legislatures[edit]

Supranational legislatures[edit]

Organisation Name of house House level Term (years) Voting system Seats Population per seat GDP per seat (million USD)
 European Union European Parliament[1] Unicameral 5 Open and closed list proportional representation 751 667,761 20,983
African Union Pan-African Parliament Unicameral 5 indirect (appointed by 47 of 53 national legislatures) 265 3,974,098.11 14.180
Flag of the Central American Integration System.svg Central American Integration System Central American Parliament Unicameral Depends per country. direct, proportional 120 426,274.46 2,651.175
 Mercosur Mercosur Parliament Unicameral 5 direct, indirect (depends per country) proportional 122 1,588,889 16.228
Bandera Parlamento Latinoamericano.jpg Community of Latin American and Caribbean States Latin American Parliament Unicameral 5 direct 276 ~ ~
 Arab League Arab Parliament Unicameral

Legislatures of sovereign states[edit]

Country Overall name of legislature Name of house House level Term (years) Voting system Seats Population per seat GDP per seat (million USD)
 Afghanistan National Assembly[2] House of the People (ولسي جرګه Wolesi Jirga) Lower 5 Single non-transferable vote 249 122,168 119
House of Elders (مشرانوجرګه Meshrano Jirga) Upper 3, 4 and 5 Elected by district and provincial councils, and appointed by the president 102 298,234 291
 Albania Parliament (Kuvendi i Shqipërisë) Unicameral 4 Closed list proportional representation by county with a 3% threshold 140 20,226 177
 Algeria Parliament[2] People's National Assembly (al-Majlis al-Sha'abi al-Watani) Lower 6 Open list proportional representation 462 80,303 439
Council of the Nation (al-Majlis al-Umma) Upper 5 Elected by popular wilaya assemblies and communal people's assemblies, and appointed by the President 144 257,638 1,830
 Andorra General Council (Consell General de les Valls) Unicameral 4 Parallel voting: Closed list proportional representation and Block vote by parish 28 2,789 161
 Angola National Assembly (Assembleia Nacional) Unicameral 4 Closed list proportional representation 220 84,081 525
 Antigua and Barbuda Parliament[3] House of Representatives Lower 5 First-past-the-post 19 4,305 82
Senate Upper 5 Appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition 17 4,811 92
 Argentina National Congress of Argentina (Congreso de la Nación Argentina) Chamber of Deputies of the Nation (Cámara de Diputados de la Nación) Lower 4 Closed list proportional representation by province with a 3% threshold 257 156,097 2,787
Senate of the Nation (Senado de la Nación) Upper 6 Partial block voting by province 72 557,181 9,950
 Armenia National Assembly (Ազգային Ժողով Azgayin Zhoghov) Unicameral 5 Parallel voting: Closed list proportional representation in a nationwide constituency with a 5% threshold and First-past-the-post 131 24,902 136
 Australia Parliament of Australia[3] House of Representatives Lower 3 Instant-runoff voting 150 154,200 6,096
Senate Upper 6 Single transferable vote by state/territory 76 304,342 12,032
 Austria Austrian Parliament National Council (Nationalrat) Lower 5 Open list proportional representation in constituencies with a 4% threshold 183 43,895 1,923
Federal Council (Bundesrat) Upper 5 and 6 Elected by state legislatures 62 129,563 5,677
 Azerbaijan National Assembly (Milli Məclis) Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post 125 73,320 744
The Bahamas Bahamas, The Parliament House of Assembly Lower 5 First-past-the-post 38 9,326 283
Senate Upper 5 Appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition 16 22,103 674
 Bahrain National Assembly[2] Council of Representatives (Majlis an-nuwab) Lower 4 Two-round system 40 30,864 777
Consultative Council (Majlis al-shura) Upper 4 Appointed by the king 40 30,864 777
 Bangladesh National Parliament (জাতীয় সংসদ Jatiyo Sangsad) Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post 350 466,909 818
 Barbados Parliament House of Assembly Lower 5 First-past-the-post 30 9,486 216
Senate Upper 5 Appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition 21 13,551 309
 Belarus National Assembly (Нацыянальны сход Nacyjanaĺny schod) House of Representatives (Палата прадстаўнікоў Palata pradstaŭnikoŭ) Lower 4 Two-round system 110 85,997 1,288
Council of the Republic (Савет Рэспублікі Saviet Respubliki) Upper 4 Elected by regional councils, and appointed by the President 64 147,773 2,215
 Belgium Federal Parliament (Federaal Parlement / Parlement fédéral / Föderales Parlament) Chamber of Representatives
(Kamer van Volksvertegenwoordigers / Chambre des Représentants / Abgeordnetenkammer)
Lower 5 Open list proportional representation by province with a 5% threshold 150 74,000 2,897
Senate (Senaat / Sénat / Senat) Upper 5 Elected by community and regional parliaments 60 185,000 7,242
 Belize National Assembly House of Representatives Lower 5 First-past-the-post 31 10,748 90
Senate Upper 5 Appointed by the Governor-General on the advice of the Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition 12 27,766 233
 Benin National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) Unicameral 4 Proportional representation by department 83 115,648 176
 Bhutan Parliament of Bhutan[4] National Assembly (རྒྱལ་ཡོངས་ཚོགས་འདུ། Gyelyong Tshogdu) Lower 5 First-past-the-post 47 15,072 91
National Council (རྒྱལ་ཡོངས་ཚོགས་སྡེ། Gyelyong Tshogde) Upper 4 First-past-the-post, and appointed by the king 25 28,337 171
 Bolivia Plurinational Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa Plurinacional) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) Lower 5 Closed list Mixed-member proportional representation: Proportional representation by department and first-past-the-post 130 83,905 391
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores) Upper 5 Closed list Proportional representation by department 36 302,993 1,414
 Bosnia and Herzegovina Parliamentary Assembly (Parlamentarna skupština / Парламентарна скупштина) House of Representatives (Predstavnički dom / Zastupnički dom / Представнички дом) Lower 4 Open list Proportional representation in constituencies 42 91,422 753
House of Peoples (Dom naroda / Дом народa) Upper 4 Serbs elected by the National Assembly (Republika Srpska) for the Republic of Srpska, and Bosniaks and Croats elected by the House of Peoples of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina for the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina 15 255,982 2,109
 Botswana Parliament of Botswana National Assembly Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post, and appointed by the President 63 32,211 471
 Brazil National Congress (Congresso Nacional) Chamber of Deputies (Câmara dos Deputados) Lower 4 Open list proportional representation by state 513 371,798 4,471
Federal Senate (Senado Federal) Upper 8 Partial block voting by state 81 2,354,724 28,320
 Brunei Legislative Council (Majlis Mesyuarat) Unicameral no timeframe Appointed by the Sultan 36 11,355 582
 Bulgaria National Assembly (Народно събрание Narodno sabranie) Unicameral 4 Proportional representation 240 30,685 420
 Burkina Faso National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) Unicameral 5 Proportional representation in constituencies 111 126,281 198
 Burundi Parliament[2] National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 5 Closed list Proportional representation 118 74,570 43
Senate (Sénat) Upper 5 Elected by the communal councils 49 179,577 105
 Cambodia Parliament

(សភាតំណាងរាស្ត្រ ព្រះរាជាណាចក្រកម្ពុជា)

National Assembly (រដ្ឋសភាជាតិ; Rotsaphea) Lower 5 Closed list Proportional representation by province 123 108,852 272
Senate (ព្រឹទ្ធសភា; Protsaphea) Upper 6[5] Appointed by the monarch, elected by the National Assembly and commune councils 61 219,490 548
 Cameroon Parliament National Assembly Lower 5 First-past-the-post and Block vote: If no list obtains an absolute majority, the one with the highest number of votes is allocated half of the seats; the remainder is allocated to the other best-placed lists through proportional representation 180 97,021 262
Senate Upper 5 Elected by municipal councils, and appointed by the president 100 174,638 472
 Canada Parliament (Parlement) House of Commons (Chambre des communes) Lower 4 years, unless elections are called earlier First-past-the-post voting 338 104,571 5,214
Senate (Sénat) Upper Until age 75, or resigns. Appointed by the governor general on the advice of the Prime Minister 105 318,825 13,296
 Cape Verde National Assembly (Asembleia Nacional) Unicameral 5 Closed list proportional representation 72 4,990 20
 Central African Republic National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 5 Two-round system 100 38,951 36
 Chad

National Assembly (Assemblée nationale)

Unicameral 4 block voting: If no list obtains an absolute majority, the seats are allocated through proportional representation 155 66,640 126
 Chile National Congress (Congreso Nacional) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) Lower 4 Binomial voting system (To become proportional representation in the next election) 120 145,021 2,496
Senate of the Republic (Senado de la República) Upper 8 Binomial voting system 38 457,963 7,885
 China National People's Congress (全国人民代表大会 Quánguó Rénmín Dàibiǎo Dàhuì)[6] Unicameral 5 elected by municipal, regional and provincial congresses, and People's Liberation Army 2,987 448,518 3,783
 Colombia Congress (Congreso) Chamber of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes) Lower 4 Proportional representation by state 166 279,556 2,843
Senate (Senado) Upper 4 Proportional representation in a nationwide constituency 102 454,964 4,627
 Comoros Assembly of the Union (Assemblée de la Union) Unicameral 5 Two-round system, and elected by the local assemblies 33 24,181 25
Democratic Republic of the Congo Congo, Democratic Republic of the Parliament[2] National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 5 Parallel voting: Open list proportional representation and First-past-the-post voting 500 143,425 50
Senate (Sénat) Upper 5 Elected by the provincial assemblies 108 664,008 233
Republic of the Congo Congo, Republic of the Parliament (Parlement) National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 5 Two-round system 153 28,537 119
Senate (Sénat) Upper 5 Elected by district, local, and regional councils 52 83,966 350
 Costa Rica Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) Unicameral 4 Closed list proportional representation 57 75,468 965
 Croatia Croatian Assembly[4] (Hrvatski sabor) Unicameral 4 Open list proportional representation in constituencies 151 28,414 532
 Cuba National Assembly of People's Power (Asamblea Nacional del Poder Popular) Unicameral 5 popular vote and approval by special candidacy commissions 614 18,308 185
 Cyprus House of Representatives (Βουλή των Αντιπροσώπων Vouli Antiprosópon / Temsilciler Meclisi)[7] Unicameral 5 Open list proportional representation 59 18,632 402
 Czech Republic Parliament of the Czech Republic (Parlament České republiky) Chamber of Deputies (Poslanecká sněmovna) Lower 4 Open list proportional representation by province with a 5% threshold 200 52,811 1,424
Senate (Senát) Upper 6 Two-round system (staggered elections) 81 130,397 3,517
 Denmark Parliament[4] (Folketing) Unicameral 4 Open list proportional representation in constituencies with a 2% threshold 179 30,969 1,154
 Djibouti National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 5 popular vote 65 12,587 35
 Dominica House of Assembly Unicameral 5 popular vote and appointed by the President 21 3,394 46
 Dominican Republic National Congress (Congreso Nacional) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) Lower 4 popular vote 183 51,520 510
Senate (Senado) Upper 4 popular vote 32 293,088 2,918
 East Timor National Parliament (Parlamento Nacional) Unicameral 5 proportional 65 16,408 146
 Ecuador National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 124 116,802 1,028
 Egypt Parliament[2] House of Representatives (مجلس الشعب Majilis Al-Sha’ab) Unicameral 5 popular vote and appointed by the President 508 150,983 1,021
 El Salvador Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) Unicameral 3 popular vote 84 68,382 530
 Equatorial Guinea Parliament of Equatorial Guinea Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de los Diputados) Lower 5 Party-list proportional representation 100 16,220 172
Senate Upper popular vote (55) and appointed by the President (15) 70 23,171 246
 Eritrea National Assembly (Hagerawi Baito) Unicameral 5 popular vote 104 50,878 38
 Estonia State Assembly[4] (Riigikogu) Unicameral 4 popular vote 101 12,814 270
 Ethiopia Parliament[2] House of Peoples' Representatives
(የሕዝብ ተወካዮች ምክር ቤት Yehizbtewekayoch Mekir Bet)
Lower 5 popular vote 547 135,134 173
House of Federation (የፌዴሬሽን ምክር ቤት Yefedereshn Mekir Bet) Upper 5 elected by State assemblies 112 659,986 847
 Federated States of Micronesia Congress Unicameral 4 10 by FPTP and 4 by Proportional representation 14 7,642 25
 Fiji Parliament Unicameral 4 proportional open list 50 16,745 82
 Finland Parliament (Eduskunta)[8] Unicameral 4 proportional open list 200 25,900 978
 France Parliament (Parlement) National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 5 majority 577 113,258 3,843
Senate (Sénat) Upper 6 electoral college 348 187,787 6,373
 Gabon Parliament (Parlement) National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Lower 5 popular vote 121 12,190 203
Senate (Sénat) Upper 6 elected by municipal councils and departmental assemblies 102 14,460 240
 Gambia National Assembly Unicameral 5 popular vote and appointed by the President 53 25,673 65
 Georgia Parliament of Georgia (საქართველოს პარლამენტი Sak'art'velos Parlamenti) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list and majority 150 29,794 163
 Germany Federal Diet[4] (Bundestag) N/A (unofficially Lower house) 4 majority and proportional closed list 631 128,500 4,998
Federal Council[4] (Bundesrat) N/A (unofficially Upper house) dependant on individual state elections elected by state governments 69 1,185,501 44,914
 Ghana Parliament Unicameral 4 majority 228 106,286 328
 Greece Hellenic Parliament[4] (Βουλή των Ελλήνων Vouli ton Ellinon) Unicameral 4 popular vote 300 35,958 981
 Grenada Parliament House of Representatives Lower 5 popular vote 15 7,333 96
Senate Upper 5 appointed by the government and by the leader of opposition 13 8,461 111
 Guatemala Congress of the Republic (Congreso de la República) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 158 80,557 472
 Guinea National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 5 proportional closed list 114 88,227 100
 Guinea-Bissau National People's Assembly (Assembleia Nacional Popular) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 100 13,454 19
 Guyana National Assembly Unicameral 5 popular vote and appointed by the President 65 11,583 88
 Haiti National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Chamber of Deputies (Chambre des Députés) Lower 4 proportional 99 98,181 124
Senate (Sénat) Upper 6 30 323,997 412
 Honduras National Congress (Congreso Nacional) Unicameral 4 proportional open list 128 58,823 278
 Hungary National Assembly (Országgyűlés) Unicameral 4 proportional open list
and Scorporo
199 25,860 506
 Iceland Assembly of All[4] (Alþingi) Unicameral 4 proportional mixed 63 5,080 196
 India Parliament (संसद Sansad) House of the People[4] (लोक सभा Lok Sabha) Lower 5 popular vote and appointed by the President 545 2,192,379 8,075
Council of States[4] (राज्य सभा Rajya Sabha) Upper 6 appointed by the President and elected members of the states and territories 250 4,840,773 17,831
 Indonesia People's Consultative Assembly (Majelis Permusyawaratan Rakyat) People's Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat) Lower 5 proportional open list 560 423,972 2,008
Regional Representative Council (Dewan Perwakilan Daerah) Upper 5 Single non-transferable vote 132 1,798,669 8,520
 Iran

Islamic Consultative Assembly[4] (مجلس شورای اسلامی Majles-e Showrā-ye Eslāmī)

Unicameral 4 popular vote 290 259,136 3,414
 Iraq Council of Representatives of Iraq[4] (مجلس النواب العراقي Majlis Al-Niwab Al-Iraqi) Unicameral 4 proportional open list 325 95,782 392
Republic of Ireland Ireland Parliament[4] (Oireachtas) House of Representatives of Ireland (Dáil Éireann)[4] Lower 5 Proportional Representation Single Transferable Vote 166 27,640 1,093
Senate of Ireland[4] (Seanad Éireann) Upper 5 appointed by the prime minister and elected by universities 60 76,470 3,026
 Israel Assembly[4] (כנסת Knesset) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 120 61,768 1,960
 Italy Parliament (Parlamento) Chamber of Deputies (Camera dei Deputati) Lower 5 proportional closed list 630 94,556 2,931
Senate of the Republic (Senato della Repubblica) Upper 5 proportional closed list and appointed by the President 315 189,112 5,863
 Ivory Coast National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 5 majority 70 294,529 515
 Jamaica Parliament House of Representatives Lower 5 First-past-the-post voting 63 45,860 392
Senate Upper 5 Appointed by the Governor General 21 137,580 1,176
 Japan Diet (国会 Kokkai) House of Representatives (衆議院 Shūgiin) Lower 4 proportional and majority 480 266,783 9,250
House of Councillors (参議院 Sangiin) Upper 6 proportional 242 529,157 18,348
 Jordan Parliament (مجلس الأمة Majlis al-Umma) Assembly of Deputies (مجلس النواب Majlis al-Nuwaab) Lower 4 Single non-transferable vote 150 46,760 307
Senate (مجلس الأعيان Majlis al-Aayan) Upper 6 appointed by the monarch 75 93,520 614
 Kazakhstan Parliament (Parlamenti) Assembly[4] (Mazhilis) Lower 5 77 207,854 2,815
Senate Upper 6 appointed by the President and elected by local assemblies 47 340,527 4,612
 Kenya Parliament National Assembly Lower 5 parallel 349 126,182 118
Senate Upper 5 popular vote and appointed by the President 67 657,278 614
 Kiribati House of Assembly (Maneaba ni Maungatabu) Unicameral 4 popular vote and appointed by Rabi Council of Leaders 46 2,239 13
North Korea Korea, North Supreme People's Assembly (최고인민회의 Ch'oe-go In-min Hoe-ŭi) Unicameral 5 popular vote 687 36,390 58
South Korea Korea, South National Assembly (국회 Gukhoe) Unicameral 4 majority and proportional 300 166,691 5,180
 Kuwait National Assembly (مجلس الأمة Majlis al-Umma) Unicameral 4 popular vote and appointed by the prime minister 50 71,328 3,070
 Kyrgyzstan Supreme Council (Joghorku Keneš) Unicameral 5 popular vote 120 44,690 109
 Laos National Assembly (Sapha Heng Xat) Unicameral 5 one-party state closed list 115 48,148 151
 Latvia Parliament[4] (Saeima) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 100 20,703 349
 Lebanon Parliament
(Parlement)
Chamber of Deputies (مجلس النواب Majlis an-Nuwwab)[9] Unicameral 4 popular vote 128 33,000 480
 Lesotho Parliament National Assembly Lower 5 popular vote and proportional 120 16,927 31
Senate Upper 5 appointed by principal chiefs and by the ruling party 33 61,556 115
 Liberia Legislature House of Representatives Lower 6 majority 73 47,624 24
Senate Upper 9 majority 30 115,896 58
 Libya House of Representatives ( مجلس النواب Majlis an-Nuwwab) Unicameral 200 28,353 187
 Liechtenstein Diet[4] (Landtag) Unicameral 4 proportional closed list 25 1,451 201
 Lithuania Parliament[4] (Seimas) Unicameral 4 proportional 141 21,658 436
 Luxembourg Chamber of Deputies (D'Chamber)[10] Unicameral 5 popular vote 60 8,484 687
Republic of Macedonia Macedonia, Republic of Assembly (Собрание Sobranie) Unicameral 4 123 16,736 173
 Madagascar Parliament[2] National Assembly (Antenimieram-Pirenena)[11] Lower 5 160 137,078 127
Senate (Sénat) Upper 5 33 664,430 618
 Malawi National Assembly Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post voting 194 76,809 71
 Malaysia Parliament (Parlimen) House of Representatives[12] (Dewan Rakyat) Lower 5 First-past-the-post voting 222 127,631 2,014
Senate[13] (Dewan Negara) Upper 3 26 appointed by the State Legislative Assemblies, 2 for each state and 44 appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, of which 4 are for the Federal Territories. 70 404,773 6,389
 Maldives Assembly[4] (Majlis) Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post voting 77 4,266 36
 Mali National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 4 147 elected in single or multi-member constituencies, using a runoff system. 13 elected by overseas Malians. 160 90,732 111
 Malta House of Representatives (Kamra tad-Deputati) Unicameral 5 Single transferable vote 69 5,950 155
 Marshall Islands Legislature (Nitijela) Unicameral 4 Single and multi-member constituencies 33 2,060 4
 Mauritania Parliament (Barlamene) National Assembly (Al Jamiya al-Wataniyah) Lower 5 Runoff election 81 37,888 87
Assembly of Senators (Majlis al-Shuyukh) Upper 6 Election by communal councillors 56 56,803 126
 Mauritius National Assembly Unicameral 5 70 17,614 275
 Mexico Congress of the Union (Congreso de la Unión) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) Lower 3 Parallel voting: Largest remainder method (Hare quota) (200 seats) / FPTP (300 seats) 500 227,821 3,323
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores) Upper 6 Parallel voting: Largest remainder method (Hare quota) 128 889,926 12,981
 Moldova Parliament (Parlamentul) Unicameral 4 101 33,498 118
 Monaco National Council (Conseil National) Unicameral 5 24 1,473 227
 Mongolia State Great Assembly[14] (Улсын Их Хурал Ulsyn Ich-Chural) Unicameral 4 76 36,245 174
 Montenegro Assembly (Skupština / Скупштина) Unicameral 4 81 7,719 88
 Morocco Parliament[2] House of Representatives (Majlis al-Nuwab) Lower 5 325 100,444 500
House of Councillors (Majlis al-Mustasharin) Upper 9 270 120,905 602
 Mozambique Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da República) Unicameral 5 proportional party list 250 85,588 95
 Myanmar (Burma) Assembly of the Union (Pyidaungsu Hluttaw) House of Representatives (Pyithu Hluttaw) Lower 5 popular vote and appointed by the military 440 137,000 187
House of Nationalities (Amyotha Hluttaw) Upper 5 popular vote and appointed by the military 224 269,107 369
 Namibia Parliament National Assembly Lower 5 78 26,923 201
National Council Upper 6 26 80,769 605
 Nauru Parliament Unicameral 3 18 521 3
   Nepal Legislature Parliament Unicameral 601 44,294 62
 Netherlands States General (Staten-Generaal) House of Representatives (Tweede Kamer, Second Chamber) Lower 4 150 111,533 4,693
Senate (Eerste Kamer, First Chamber) Upper 4 75 223,066 9,387
 New Zealand House of Representatives Unicameral 3 mixed-member proportional representation 120 33,566 1,018
 Nicaragua National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) Unicameral 5 92 64,034 205
 Niger National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 5 113 139,210 102
 Nigeria National Assembly House of Representatives Lower 4 360 388,898 1,148
Senate Upper 4 109 1,284,436 3,792
 Norway Great Assembly[4] (Storting) Unicameral 4 proportional mixed 169 29,785 1,573
 Oman Council of Oman Consultative Assembly[15] (Majlis al-Shura) Lower 84 33,017 973
Assembly of State[16] (Majlis al-Dawla) Upper 83 33415 985
 Pakistan Parliament of Pakistan (پارلیمنٹ) National Assembly (ایوان زیریں پاکستان) Lower 5 336 537,023 1,454
Senate (ایوانِ بالا)[17] Upper 6 104 1,735,000 4,697
 Palau National Congress (Olbiil era Kelulau) House of Delegates[2] Lower 4 majority rule 16 1,309 17
Senate[2] Upper 4 majority rule 9 2,328 31
 Panama National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) Unicameral 5 71 47,969 712
 Papua New Guinea National Parliament Unicameral 5 109 56,766 154
 Paraguay Congress (Congreso) Chamber of Deputies (Cámara de Diputados) Lower 5 80 80,681 441
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores) Upper 5 45 143,434 785
 Peru Congress of the Republic (Congreso de la República) Unicameral 5 130 217,082 2,322
 Philippines Congress (Kongreso) House of Representatives (Kapulungan ng mga Kinatawan / Mababang Kapulungan / Cámara de Representantes) Lower 3 closed list and First-past-the-post voting 292 355,393 1,365
Senate (Senado / Mataas na Kapulungan) Upper 6 bloc voting 24 4,323,958 16,267
 Poland Parliament of Poland
National Assembly (Zgromadzenie Narodowe)[18]
Sejm[4] (Sejm) Lower 4 proportional open list 460 83,697 1,677
Senate (Senat) Upper 4 majority 100 385,010 7,716
 Portugal Assembly of the Republic (Assembleia da República) Unicameral 4 proportional party list 230 45,920 1,082
 Qatar Consultative Assembly[19] (Majlis ash-Shura) Unicameral 35 52,958 5,200
 Romania Parliament (Parlamentul) Chamber of Deputies (Camera Deputaţilor) Lower 4 326 58,416 819
Senate (Senat) Upper 4 137 139,005 1,950
 Russia Federal Assembly (Федеральное Собрание Federalnoye Sobraniye) State Duma[4] (Государственная Дума Gosudarstvennaya Duma) Lower 5 proportional party list 450 318,000 5,296
Federation Council (Совет Федерации Sovet Federatsii) Upper 170 862,048 14,357
 Rwanda Parliament (Inteko Ishinga Amategeko) Chamber of Deputies (Umutwe w'Abadepite) Lower 5 80 146,121 171
Senate (Umutwe wa Sena) Upper 8 26 449,603 526
 Saint Kitts and Nevis National Assembly Unicameral 5 15 3,686 58
 Saint Lucia Parliament House of Assembly Lower 5 17 10,221 123
Senate Upper 11 15,796 191
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines House of Assembly Unicameral 5 21 5,714 59
 Samoa Legislative Assembly[4] (Fono) Unicameral 5 49 3,965 22
 San Marino Grand and General Council (Consiglio Grande e Generale) Unicameral 5 60 536 18
 São Tomé and Príncipe National Assembly (Assembleia Nacional) Unicameral 4 55 3,330 6
 Saudi Arabia Consultative Assembly[20] (Majlis ash-Shura) Unicameral 150 189,175 4,551
 Senegal Parliament National Assembly Unicameral 5 150 85,701 167
 Serbia National Assembly (Народна скупштина / Narodna Skupština) Unicameral 4 250 28,482 315
 Seychelles National Assembly Unicameral 5 31 2,709 72
 Sierra Leone Parliament Unicameral 5 124 40,136 41
 Singapore Parliament Unicameral 5 First-past-the-post voting (MP) and appointed by the President (NMP) 99 52,360 3,180
 Slovakia National Council (Národná rada) Unicameral 4 150 35,980 846
 Slovenia Parliament (Državni zbor Republike Slovenije) National Assembly (Državni zbor) Lower 4 90 22,779 643
National Council (Državni svet)[21] Upper 40 51,254 1,447
 Solomon Islands National Parliament Unicameral 4 50 10,460 34
 Somalia Federal Parliament[2] House of the People Lower Appointed 275 36,675 21
Upper House Upper Not established yet, powers exercised by the House of the People 56 180,100 103
 South Africa Parliament National Assembly Lower 5 400 126,466 1,387
National Council of Provinces Upper 90 562,075 6,168
 South Sudan National Legislature National Legislature Assembly Lower 170 48,591 81
Council of States Upper Appointed by President 50 165,210 276
 Spain General Courts[4] (Cortes Generales) Congress of Deputies (Congreso de los Diputados) Lower 4, unless elections are called earlier. proportional closed list 350 131,894 4,038
Senate (Senado) Upper 4, unless elections are called earlier (212 are appointed through general election and 58 when regional legislatures are renewed, which not always happens at the same date). 266 173,545 5,313
 Sri Lanka Parliament (ශ්රී ලංකා පාර්ලිමේන්තුව (Sinhala) / இலங்கை பாராளுமன்றம் (Tamil))[2] Unicameral 5 225 90,122 517
 Sudan National Legislature National Assembly (Majlis Watani) Lower 6 450 68,653 197
Council of States (Majlis Welayat) Upper 6 50 617,880 1,780
 Suriname National Assembly (Nationale Assemblée) Unicameral 5 51 10,470 99
 Swaziland Parliament (Liblanda) House of Assembly[2] Lower 5 majority 55 22,181 113
Senate[2] Upper appointed by the King 30 40,666 207
 Sweden The Riksdag Unicameral 4 proportional 349 27,286 1,093
 Syria People's Assembly (Majlis al-Sha'ab) Unicameral 250 86,964 240
  Switzerland Federal Assembly (Bundesversammlung, Assemblée fédérale, Assemblea federale) National Council (Nationalrat, Conseil National, Consiglio Nazionale) Lower 4 200 40,000 1,699
Council of States (Ständerat, Conseil des Etats, Consiglio degli Stati) Upper 4 46 173,913 7,388
 Taiwan Legislative Yuan (立法院 Lìfǎ Yùan) Unicameral 4 first past the post with some seats via closed party list or single non-transferable vote 113 117,360 5,206
 Tajikistan Supreme Assembly (Majlisi Oli) Assembly of Representatives (Majlisi Mamoyandogan) Lower 5 63 123,809 257
National Assembly (Majlisi Milliy) Upper 5 33 236,363 491
 Tanzania National Assembly (Bunge) Unicameral 5 357 120,974 178
 Thailand National Assembly (รัฐสภา ;Rathasapha) National Legislative Assembly Unicameral 250 135 918
 Togo National Assembly (Assemblée nationale) Unicameral 5 81 76,434 79
 Tonga Legislative Assembly Unicameral 26 3,962 29
 Trinidad and Tobago Parliament House of Representatives Lower 5 41 32,139 647
Senate Upper 31 42,506 856
 Tunisia Assembly of the Representatives of the People (مجلس نواب الشعب Majless Noweb al Shaab) Unicameral 5 217 49,188 465
 Turkey Grand National Assembly of Turkey (Türkiye Büyük Millet Meclisi) Unicameral 4 550 135,862 1,951
 Turkmenistan Assembly (Mejlis) Unicameral 5 125 41,360 346
 Tuvalu Parliament (Palamene) Unicameral 4 15 666 2
 Uganda Parliament Unicameral 5 375 87,839 123
 Ukraine Supreme Council (Верховна Рада Verkhovna Rada) Unicameral 5 450 101,248 732
 United Arab Emirates Federal National Assembly (المجلس الوطني الإتحادي Majlis Watani Ittihad) Unicameral 40 206,601 6,470
 United Kingdom Parliament House of Commons Lower 5 First-past-the-post voting 650 95,787 3,478
House of Lords Upper Life Life peers appointed by the Sovereign on advice of Prime Minister. 92 elected by and from hereditary peers using preferential voting. 26 Lords Spiritual are bishops of the Church of England. 822 81,388 2,955
 United States Congress House of Representatives Lower 2 First-past-the-post voting 435 722,636 34,698
Senate Upper 6 First-past-the-post voting 100 3,143,467 215,623
 Uruguay General Assembly (Asamblea General) Chamber of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes) Lower 5 99 33,195 514
Chamber of Senators (Cámara de Senadores) Upper 5 30 109,543 1,696
 Uzbekistan Supreme Assembly (Oliy Majlis) Legislative Chamber[2] Lower 5 150 194,156 634
Senate[2] Upper 5 100 291,234 952
 Vanuatu Parliament (Parlement) Unicameral 4 52 4319 14
  Vatican City Pontifical Commission (Pontificia Commissione per lo Stato della Città del Vaticano) Unicameral 5 7 114
 Venezuela National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional) Unicameral 5 165 175,430 2,267
 Vietnam National Assembly (Quốc hội) Unicameral 5 498 176,385 602
 Yemen House of Representatives (Majlis al-Nuwaab) Unicameral 6 301 81,485 192
 Zambia National Assembly Unicameral 5 150 87,284 145
 Zimbabwe Parliament House of Assembly Lower 5 210 61,971 29
Senate Upper 5 40 325,350 153

Legislatures of non-sovereign countries, dependencies and other territories[edit]

Country Overall name of legislature Name of house House level Term (years) Voting system Seats Population per seat GDP per seat (million USD)
 Åland Islands Law Assembly[4] (Lagtinget) Unicameral 4 30 945
 Alderney States (États) Unicameral 4 10 240
 American Samoa Legislative Assembly[4] (Fono) House of Representatives Lower 2 21 2,643 21
Senate Upper 4 18 3,084 31
 Anguilla House of Assembly Unicameral 5 11 1,222 15
 Aruba Estates (Staten) Unicameral 4 21 4,832 107
 Azores Legislative Assembly (Assembleia Legislativa) Unicameral 4 57 4,311 72
 Bermuda Parliament House of Assembly Lower 5 36 1,784 125
Senate Upper 11 5,839 409
 British Virgin Islands House of Assembly Unicameral 4 15 1,969 56
 Canary Islands Parliament (Parlamento de Canarias) Unicameral 4 60 35,000
 Catalonia Parliament (Parlament de Catalunya) Unicameral 4 135 55,676
 Cayman Islands Legislative Assembly Unicameral 4 18 3,080 125
 Crimea Supreme Council (Верховна Рада / Верховный Совет / Yuqarı Radası) Unicameral 100 19,731
 Curaçao Estates (Staten) Unicameral 4 21 7,127
 Falkland Islands Legislative Assembly Unicameral 4 11 272 9
 Faroe Islands Law Assembly[4] (Løgtingið) Unicameral 4 33 1,467 44
 French Polynesia Assembly (Assemblée de la Polynésie française) Unicameral 5 57 4,859 82
 Galicia Parliament (Parlamento da Galiza/Galicia) Unicameral 4 75 36,649
 Gibraltar Parliament Unicameral 4 17 1,750 75
 Greenland Parliament (Inatsisartut)[22] Unicameral 4 31 1,830 64
 Guam Legislature (Liheslaturan Guåhan) Unicameral 4 15 10,623
 Guernsey States (États) Unicameral 4 45 1,387 60
 Hong Kong Legislative Council (立法會) Unicameral 4 Proportional representation using the Hare quota and the largest remainder method for the geographical constituencies, and functional constituencies elected by their respective electorates 70 101,481 5,015
 Isle of Man Tynwald (Tinvaal) House of Keys (Kiare as Feed) Lower 5 24 3,520 113
Legislative Council (Yn Choonceil Slattyssagh) Upper 5 11 7,681 247
 Jersey States (États) Unicameral 4 39 2,509 130
 Macau Legislative Assembly (立法會, Assembleia Legislativa) Unicameral 4 Proportional representation, elected from functional constituencies, and appointed by the Chief Executive 29 19,610 636
 Madeira Legislative Assembly (Assembleia Legislativa) Unicameral 4 47 5,698 179
 Montserrat Legislative Council Unicameral 5 9 546 3
 New Caledonia Congress (Congrès Territorial) Unicameral 5 54 4,547 58
Northern Ireland Northern Ireland Assembly (Tionól Thuaisceart Éireann) Unicameral 5 Single transferable vote 108 16,767
 Northern Mariana Islands Commonwealth Legislature House of Representatives Lower 2 20 2,694 45
Senate Upper 2 10 5,388 90
 Pitcairn Islands Island Council Unicameral 3 10 6
 Puerto Rico Legislative Assembly (Asamblea Legislativa) House of Representatives (Cámara de Representantes) Lower 4 First-past-the-post voting 51 93,145 1,200
Senate (Senado) Upper 4 Majority 27 465,427 2,091
 Saint Barthélemy Territorial Council Unicameral 5 19
 Saint Helena Legislative Council Unicameral 4 21 1,266 2
 Saint Martin Territorial Council (fr) (conseil territorial) Unicameral
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon Territorial Council Unicameral 6 19
 Sark Chief Pleas Unicameral 12 50
 Scotland Scottish Parliament (Pàrlamaid na h-Alba, Scots Pairliament) Unicameral 5 Additional Member System 129 40,734
 Sint Maarten Estates (Staten) Unicameral 4 15 2,495 52
 Tokelau Parliament Unicameral 3 20 70 1
 Turks and Caicos Islands House of Assembly Unicameral 4 21 1,498 10
 U.S. Virgin Islands Legislature Unicameral 2 15 7,093 105
 Wales National Assembly for Wales (Cynulliad Cenedlaethol Cymru) Unicameral 5 Additional Member System 60 51,066
 Wallis and Futuna Territorial Assembly (Assemblée Territoriale) Unicameral 5 20 650 3

Legislatures of non-UN states (including unrecognized and disputed territories)[edit]

non-UN state Overall name of legislature Name of house House level Term (years) Voting system Seats Population per seat
 Abkhazia People's Assembly (Жәлар Реизара, Zhelar Reizara) Unicameral 5 35 6,877
 Cook Islands Parliament Unicameral 4 24 815,375
 Kosovo Assembly of Kosovo (Albanian: Kuvendi i Kosovës, Serbian: Скупштина Косова) Unicameral 4 120 15,213
 Nagorno-Karabakh Republic National Assembly (Azgayin Zhoghov) Unicameral 5 33 4,284
 Niue Assembly Unicameral 3 20 69
 Northern Cyprus Assembly of the Republic (Cumhuriyet Meclisi) Unicameral 5 50 5,898
State of Palestine State of Palestine Legislative Council (Palestinian National Authority) Unicameral 132 32,277
 Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic Sahrawi National Council (المجلس الوطني الصحراوي Al-Majlis al-Watani al-Sahrawi) Unicameral 2 53
 Somaliland Parliament (Baarlamaanka) House of Representatives (Golaha Wakiilada) Lower 5 82 42,682
House of Elders (Golaha Guurtida) Upper 82 42,682
 South Ossetia Parliament Unicameral 5 34 2,117
Tibet Central Tibetan Administration Parliament of the Central Tibetan Administration Unicameral 5 first past the post 43
 Transnistria Supreme Council[23] (Верховный Совет, Verhkovny Sovet) Unicameral 5 43 12,062

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Article 7(3) Treaty of Lisbon: Protocol ON THE APPLICATION OF THE PRINCIPLES OF SUBSIDIARITY AND PROPORTIONALITY
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Native name not available
  3. ^ a b The head of state is a constituent part of the parliament too.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac The native name is also used in English.
  5. ^ http://www.senate.gov.kh/home/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=67&Itemid=88&lang=km
  6. ^ The PRC has also a Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (中国人民政治协商会议 Zhōngguó Rénmín Zhèngzhì Xiéshāng Huìyì), which is a political advisory body but not a legislature.
  7. ^ Also: Temsilciler Meclisi
  8. ^ Also: Riksdag
  9. ^ Also: National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale)
  10. ^ Also: Chambre des Députés
  11. ^ Also: Assemblée nationale
  12. ^ Literally, People's Hall
  13. ^ Literally, Nation's Hall
  14. ^ In English State Great Khural is used too.
  15. ^ The Consultative Assembly has only consultative tasks
  16. ^ The Assembly of State has only consultative tasks
  17. ^ ur:ایوانِ بالا
  18. ^ Name used only on those rare occasions when both houses sit together
  19. ^ The Consultative Assembly has only consultative task
  20. ^ The appointed Consultative Assembly has only legislative tasks
  21. ^ Lakota, Igor (2006). Sistem nepopolne dvodomnosti v slovenskem parlamentu (diplomska naloga) [The system of incomplete bicameralism in the Slovenian Parliament (diploma thesis)] (PDF) (in Slovenian). Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Ljubljana. p. 62. Retrieved 16 December 2010. Opinions differ, however the majority of domestic experts agree that the National Council may be regarded as the upper house, but the bicameralism is distinctively incomplete. 
  22. ^ Also: Landsting
  23. ^ Parliament of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (Pridnestrovie)