List of national and state libraries

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A national library is established by the government of a nation to serve as the pre-eminent repository of information for that country. Unlike public libraries, they rarely allow citizens to borrow books. Often, they include numerous rare, valuable, or significant works; such as the Gutenberg Bible. National libraries are usually notable for their size, compared to that of other libraries in the same country. Some national libraries may be thematic or specialized in some specific domains, beside or in replacement of the 'main' national library.

Some national entities which are not independent but who wish to preserve their particular culture, have established a national library with all the attributes of such institutions, such as legal deposit.

Many national libraries cooperate within the National Libraries Section of the International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions (IFLA) to discuss their common tasks, define and promote common standards and carry out projects helping them to fulfil their duties. National libraries of Europe participate in The European Library. This is a service of The Conference of European National Librarians (CENL).

The list below is organized alphabetically by country, according to the list of sovereign states, including, at its end an 'other states' section for non-sovereign states. A "♦" indicates a national library of a constituent country or dependent state. It is listed under the sovereign state which governs that entity. Sovereign states are listed even when they have no national library or when the existence and name of a national library could not yet be ascertained. Other states, constituent countries and dependent states are listed only if they have a national library.

National libraries[edit]


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Abkhazia Abkhazia → see under Other States
Afghanistan Afghanistan National Library of Afghanistan Kabul
Åland Islands Åland Islands → see under Finland
Albania Albania National Library of Albania (Biblioteka Kombëtare e Shqipërisë) Tirana [1]
Algeria Algeria National Library of Algeria (Bibliothèque nationale d'Algérie

المكتبة الوطنية الجزائرية)

Algiers [2][permanent dead link]
Andorra Andorra Andorra National Library (Biblioteca Nacional d'Andorra) Andorra la Vella [3]
Angola Angola National Library of Angola (Biblioteca Nacional de Angola) Luanda [4]
Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda National Library of Antigua and Barbuda St. John's [5]
Argentina Argentina National Library of the Argentine Republic (Biblioteca Nacional de la República Argentina) Buenos Aires [6]
Armenia Armenia National Library of Armenia (Հայաստանի ազգային գրադարան) Yerevan [7]
Aruba Aruba → see under the Netherlands
Australia Australia National Library of Australia Canberra Yes[8] [9]
Austria Austria Austrian National Library (Österreichische Nationalbibliothek) Vienna [10]
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Akhundov National Library (Axundov adına Azərbaycan Milli Kitabxanası, National Library of Azerbaijan) Baku [11]


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
The Bahamas Bahamas College of The Bahamas Library (de facto) Nassau [12]
Bahrain Bahrain Shaikh Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa National Library [ar] (المكتبة الشيخ عيسى بن سلمان الخليفة الوطنية) Juffair [13]
Bangladesh Bangladesh National Library of Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ জাতীয় গ্রন্থাগার) Dhaka [14]
Barbados Barbados National Library Service of Barbados Bridgetown [15]
Belarus Belarus The National Library of Belarus (Нацыянальная бібліятэка Беларусі) Minsk [16]
Belgium Belgium Royal Library of Belgium (Koninklijke Bibliotheek van België = Bibliothèque royale de Belgique) Brussels [17]
Belize Belize National Library Service of Belize Belize City [18]
Benin Benin National Library of Benin (Bibliothèque nationale du Bénin) Porto Novo [19]
Bermuda Bermuda → see under United Kingdom
Bhutan Bhutan National Library of Bhutan Thimphu [20]
Bolivia Bolivia National Archive and Library of Bolivia (Archivo y Biblioteca Nacional de Bolivia) Sucre [21]
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina National and University Library of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Nacionalna i univerzitetska biblioteka Bosne i Hercegovine) Sarajevo [22]
Republika Srpska Republika Srpska National and University Library of the Republic of Srpska (Народна и универзитетска библиотека Републике Српске) Banja Luka [23]
Botswana Botswana National Library Service of Botswana Gaborone [24]
Brazil Brazil National Library of Brazil (Fundação Biblioteca Nacional) Rio de Janeiro Yes[25] [26]
British Virgin Islands British Virgin Islands → see under United Kingdom
Brunei Brunei Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka Library (Dewan Bahasa and Pustaka Brunei Library) Bandar Seri Begawan [27]
Bulgaria Bulgaria SS. Cyril and Methodius National Library (Народна Библиотека Св. Св. Кирил и Методий) Sofia [28]
Burkina Faso Burkina Faso National Library of Burkina Faso (Bibliothèque nationale du Burkina Faso) Ouagadougou [29]
Myanmar Burma (Myanmar) National Library of Myanmar Yangon [30]
Burundi Burundi National Library of Burundi (Bibliothèque nationale du Burundi) Bujumbura


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Cambodia Cambodia National Library of Cambodia Phnom Penh [31]
Cameroon Cameroon National Library of Cameroun (Bibliothèque nationale du Cameroun) Yaoundé [32]
Canada Canada Library and Archives Canada (Bibliothèque et Archives Canada) Ottawa Yes[33] [34]
Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information (Institut canadien de l'information scientifique et technique) [35]
Quebec Quebec National Library and Archives of Quebec (Bibliothèque et Archives nationales du Québec) Montreal Yes[36] [37]
Cape Verde Cape Verde National Library of Cape Verde (Biblioteca Nacional de Cabo Verde) Praia [38]
Catalonia Catalonia → see under Spain
Central African Republic Central African Republic[nb 1] [national library created in legislation but does not exist yet][40][41] Bangui
Chad Chad [nb 2] National Library of Chad (Bibliothèque nationale du Tchad)[40] N'Djamena
Chile Chile National Library of Chile (Biblioteca Nacional de Chile) Santiago Yes[42] [43]
China People's Republic of China National Library of China (中国国家图书馆) Beijing Yes[44] [45]
Hong Kong Hong Kong Hong Kong Central Library (香港中央圖書館) Hong Kong Yes[46] [47]
Macau Macau Macau Central Library (Biblioteca Central de Macau, 澳門中央圖書館) Macau [48]
Republic of China (Taiwan) → see under Other States
Colombia Colombia National Library of Colombia (Biblioteca Nacional de Colombia) Bogotá Yes[49] [50]
Comoros Comoros National Centre for Documentation and Scientific Research [ar] (Centre National de Documentation et de Recherche Scientifique) Moroni [51]
Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo [40] People's National Library (Bibliothèque nationale populaire) Brazzaville
Democratic Republic of the Congo Democratic Republic of the Congo National Library of the Democratic Republic of Congo (Bibliothèque nationale de la République démocratique du Congo) Kinshasa
Cook Islands Cook Islands → see under New Zealand
Costa Rica Costa Rica National Library "Miguel Obregon Lizano" of Costa Rica (Biblioteca nacional "Miguel Obregón Lizano" de Costa Rica) San José [52]
National Library of Health and Social Security (Biblioteca Nacional de Salud y Seguridad Social) [53]
Ivory Coast Côte d'Ivoire National Library of Côte d'Ivoire (Bibliothèque nationale de Côte d'Ivoire) Abidjan
Croatia Croatia National and University Library Zagreb (Nacionalna i sveučilišna knjižnica) Zagreb [54]
Cuba Cuba National Library José Martí (Biblioteca Nacional José Martí)[55] Habana [56]
Cyprus Cyprus Cyprus Library (Κυπριακή Βιβλιοθήκη) Nicosia [57]
Northern Cyprus Northern Cyprus → see under Other States
Czech Republic Czech Republic National Library of the Czech Republic (Národní knihovna České republiky) Prague Yes[58] [59]


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Denmark Denmark Danish Royal Library, The National Library of Denmark and Copenhagen University Library (Det Kongelige Bibliotek) Copenhagen Yes[60] [61]
State and University Library (Statsbiblioteket) Aarhus Yes[60] [62]
Faroe Islands Faroe Islands National Library of the Faroe Islands (Føroya landsbókasavn) Tórshavn [63]
Greenland Greenland Public and National Library of Greenland (Det Grønlandske Landsbibliotek = Nunatta Atuagaateqarfia) Nuuk [64]
Djibouti Djibouti [40] National Documentation Centre of Djibouti (Centre national de documentation de Djibouti) Djibouti
Dominica Dominica Public Library Roseau
Dominican Republic Dominican Republic National Library Pedro Henríquez Ureña (Biblioteca Nacional Pedro Henríquez Ureña) Santo Domingo [65]


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
East Timor East Timor National Library of East Timor (Biblioteca e Arquivo Nacional de Timor-Leste) Dili [66]
Ecuador Ecuador National Library of Ecuador (Biblioteca Nacional del Ecuador) Quito [67]
Egypt Egypt Egyptian National Library and Archives Cairo [68]
Egyptian National Agricultural Library Giza [69]
El Salvador El Salvador National Library of El Salvador (Biblioteca Nacional Francisco Gavidia) San Salvador [70]
Equatorial Guinea Equatorial Guinea National Library of Equatorial Guinea (Biblioteca Nacional de Guinea Ecuatorial) Malabo [71]
Eritrea Eritrea Research and Documentation Center of Eritrea Asmara [72]
Estonia Estonia National Library of Estonia (Eesti Rahvusraamatukogu) Tallinn Yes[73] [74]
Ethiopia Ethiopia National Archives and Library of Ethiopia Addis Ababa [75]


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Faroe Islands Faroe Islands → see under Denmark
Fiji Fiji Library Service of Fiji Suva [76]
Finland Finland National Library of Finland (Kansalliskirjasto = Nationalbibliotek) Helsinki [77]
Åland Islands Åland Islands Mariehamn's Library (Mariehamns stadsbibliotek) Mariehamn [78]
France France National Library of France (Bibliothèque nationale de France) Paris [79]


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Gabon Gabon Gabon National Library (Direction générale des Archives nationales, de la Bibliothèque nationale et de la Documentation gabonaise, DGABD)[40][80] Libreville [81]
The Gambia The Gambia National Library of The Gambia Banjul [82]
Georgia (country) Georgia National Parliamentary Library of Georgia Tbilisi [83]
Germany Germany German National Library (Deutsche Nationalbibliothek) Frankfurt a.M. and Leipzig Yes [84]
German National Library of Economics (Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Wirtschaftswissenschaften) Kiel and Hamburg [85]
German National Library of Medicine (Deutsche Zentralbibliothek für Medizin) Cologne and Bonn [86]
German National Library of Science and Technology (Technische Informationsbibliothek) Hanover Yes[87] [88]
Berlin State Library (Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin) Berlin Yes[citation needed] [89]
Ghana Ghana [90] George Padmore Research Library (division of Ghana Library Board) Accra [91]
Greece Greece National Library of Greece (Εθνική Βιβλιοθήκη της Ελλάδος) Athens [92]
Greenland Greenland → see under Denmark
Grenada Grenada Grenada Public Library St. George's
Guatemala Guatemala National Library of Guatemala (Biblioteca Nacional de Guatemala "Luis Cardoza y Aragón") Guatemala City [93]
Guinea Guinea National Library of Guinea (Bibliothèque nationale de Guinée) Conakry [94]
Guinea-Bissau Guinea-Bissau Public Library of the INEP (Biblioteca Pública do Instituto Nacional de Estudos e Pesquisa, INEP) Bissau [95]
Guyana Guyana National Library of Guyana Georgetown [96]


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Haiti Haiti National Library of Haiti (Bibliothèque nationale d'Haïti) Port-au-Prince [97]
Honduras Honduras National Library of Honduras (Biblioteca Nacional de Honduras) Tegucigalpa [98]
Hong Kong Hong Kong → see under People's Republic of China
Hungary Hungary National Széchényi Library (Országos Széchényi Könyvtár) Budapest [99]
University of Debrecen University and National Library (Debreceni Egyetemi és Nemzeti Könyvtár) Debrecen [100]


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Iceland Iceland National and University Library of Iceland (Landsbókasafn Íslands Háskólabókasafn) Reykjavík Yes [101]
India India National Library of India Kolkata Yes [102]
Indonesia Indonesia National Library of Indonesia (Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia) Central Jakarta [103]
Iran Iran National Library of Iran (Ketabkeneh -e- Melli -e- Iran) Tehran Yes [104]
Malek National Library (Ketabkeneh -e- Melli -e- Malek) [105]
Iraq Iraq Iraq National Library and Archive Baghdad [106]
Republic of Ireland Ireland National Library of Ireland = Leabharlann Náisiúnta na hÉireann Dublin [107]
Isle of Man Isle of Man → see under United Kingdom
Israel Israel National Library of Israel (הספרייה הלאומית) Jerusalem Yes [108]
Italy Italy National Central Library (Florence) (Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale Firenze) Florence [109]
National Central Library (Rome) (Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma) Rome [110]
Biblioteca Nazionale Vittorio Emanuele III (Biblioteca Nazionale di Napoli) Naples [111]


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Jamaica Jamaica National Library of Jamaica Kingston Yes[112] [113]
Japan Japan National Diet Library Tokyo and Kyoto (Kansai-kan) Yes[114] [115]
Jersey Jersey → see under United Kingdom
Jordan Jordan National Library of Jordan Amman [116]


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan National Library of Kazakhstan (Қазақстан Республикасының Ұлттық Кітапханасы = Национальная библиотека Республики Казахстан) Almaty [117]
Kenya Kenya National Library Service of Kenya Nairobi Yes[118] [119]
Kiribati Kiribati National Library and Archives of Kiribati Bairiki [120]
North Korea North Korea National Central Library Pyongyang [121]
South Korea South Korea National Library of Korea (국립중앙도서관) Seoul [122]
National Digital Library of Korea [123]
National Library for Children and Young Adults (국립어린이청소년도서관) [124]
Kosovo Kosovo → see under Other States
Kuwait Kuwait National Library of Kuwait Kuwait [125]
Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan National Library of the Kyrgyz Republic (Кыргыз Республикасынын Улуттук Китепканасы) Bishkek [126]


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Laos Laos National Library of Laos Vientiane [127]
Latvia Latvia National Library of Latvia (Latvijas Nacionālā bibliotēka) Riga [128]
Lebanon Lebanon Lebanon National Library (المكتبة الو طنية = Bibliothèque Nationale du Liban) Beirut [129]
Lesotho Lesotho Lesotho National Library Services Maseru [130]
Liberia Liberia National Library of Liberia Monrovia
Libya Libya National Library of Libya Benghazi [131]
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein Liechtenstein State Library (Liechtensteinische Landesbibliothek) Vaduz [132]
Lithuania Lithuania Martynas Mažvydas National Library of Lithuania (Lietuvos Nacionalinė Martyno Mažvydo biblioteka) Vilnius [133]
Luxembourg Luxembourg National Library of Luxembourg (Bibliothèque nationale de Luxembourg = Lëtzebuerger Nationalbibliothéik = Nationalbibliothek Luxemburg) Luxembourg [134]


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Macau Macau → see under People's Republic of China
North Macedonia North Macedonia National and University Library "St. Kliment of Ohrid" (Национална и универзитетска библиотека „Св. Климент Охридски") Skopje [135]
Madagascar Madagascar National Library of Madagascar (Bibliothèque nationale de Madagascar) Antananarivo
Malawi Malawi National Library Service of Malawi Lilongwe [136]
Malaysia Malaysia National Library of Malaysia (Perpustakaan Negara Malaysia) Kuala Lumpur Yes[137][permanent dead link] [138]
Maldives Maldives National Library of the Maldives Galolhu Malé [139]
Mali Mali National Library of Mali (Direction nationale des Bibliothèques et de la Documentation) Bamako [140]
Malta Malta National Library of Malta Valletta [141]
Marshall Islands Marshall Islands Alele Museum, Library and National Archives Majuro [142]
Mauritania Mauritania National Library of Mauritania (Bibliothèque nationale de Mauritanie) Nouakchott [143]
Mauritius Mauritius National Library of Mauritius Port Louis [144]
Mexico Mexico National Library of Mexico (Biblioteca Nacional de México) Mexico City [145]
National Newspaper and Periodicals Library of Mexico (Hemeroteca Nacional de México) [146]
Federated States of Micronesia Federated States of Micronesia
Moldova Moldova National Library of Moldova (Biblioteca Naţională a Republicii Moldova) Chişinău [147]
Monaco Monaco Louis Notari Library (Bibliothèque Louis Notari) Monaco [148]
Mongolia Mongolia National Library of Mongolia Ulaanbaatar [149]
Montenegro Montenegro National Library of Montenegro "Djurdje Crnojevic" (Национална библиотека Црне Горе "Ђурђе Црнојевић") Cetinje [150]
Morocco Morocco Bibliothèque Nationale du Royaume du Maroc
( المكتبة الوطنية للمملكة المغربية)
Rabat and Tétouan [151][permanent dead link]
Mozambique Mozambique National Library of Mozambique (Biblioteca Nacional de Moçambique) Maputo [152]


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Namibia Namibia National Library of Namibia Windhoek [153]
Nauru Nauru
Nepal Nepal Nepal National Library Pulchowk, Lalitpur [154]
Netherlands Netherlands National Library of the Netherlands (Koninklijke Bibliotheek, lit. "Royal Library") The Hague [155]
Aruba Aruba Aruba National Library (Biblioteca Nacional Aruba) Oranjestad [156]
New Zealand New Zealand National Library of New Zealand (Te Puna Mātauranga o Aotearoa) Wellington [157]
Cook Islands Cook Islands National Library of the Cook Islands
Cook Islands Library and Museum Society
Rarotonga [158]
Nicaragua Nicaragua National Library of Nicaragua Rubén Darío (Biblioteca Nacional de Nicaragua Rubén Darío) Managua [159]
National Health Library (Biblioteca Nacional de Salud) [160]
Niger Niger[nb 3] Direction of the National Archives of Niger (Direction des Archives nationales du Niger) Niamey
Nigeria Nigeria National Library of Nigeria Lagos [161]
North... → see under the second word
Norway Norway National Library of Norway (Nasjonalbiblioteket) Oslo and Mo i Rana [162]


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Oman Oman Sultan Qaboos University Library Muscat [163]


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Pakistan Pakistan National Library of Pakistan Islamabad [164]
Palau Palau Palau Community College Library Koror [165]
Panama Panama National Library of Panama (Biblioteca Nacional de Panamá) Panama City [166]
Papua New Guinea Papua New Guinea National Library of Papua New Guinea Port Moresby [167]
Paraguay Paraguay National Library of Paraguay (Biblioteca Nacional del Paraguay) Asunción [168]
National Library of Agriculture (Paraguay) (Biblioteca Nacional de Agricultura) [169]
Peru Peru Biblioteca Nacional del Perú [National Library of Peru or Peruvian National Library] Lima Yes[170] [171]
Philippines Philippines National Library of the Philippines (Pambansang Aklatan ng Pilipinas) Manila Yes [172]
Poland Poland National Library of Poland [Biblioteka Narodowa] Warsaw [173]
Jagiellonian Library [Biblioteka Jagiellońska] Kraków [174]
Portugal Portugal Biblioteca Nacional de Portugal [National Library of Portugal or Portuguese National Library] Lisbon [175]


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Qatar Qatar Qatar National Library Doha [176]
Quebec Quebec → see under Canada


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Romania Romania National Library of Romania (Biblioteca Naţională a României) Bucharest [177]
Russia Russian Federation Russian State Library (Российская Государственная Библиотека) Moscow [178]
National Library of Russia (Российская Национальная Библиотека) Saint Petersburg [179]
Boris Yeltsin Presidential Library (Президентская библиотека имени Б.Н.Ельцина) [180]
Tatarstan Tatarstan National Library of the Republic of Tatarstan (Татарстан Республикасы Милли китапханәсендә = Национальная Библиотека Республики Татарстан) Kazan [181]
Rwanda Rwanda National Library of Rwanda (Bibliothèque nationale du Rwanda) Kigali [182]


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Kitts and Nevis Charles A. Halbert Public Library Basseterre
Saint Lucia Saint Lucia Central Library of Saint Lucia Castries [183]
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Kingstown Public Library Kingstown [184]
Samoa Samoa Nelson Memorial Public Library Apia
San Marino San Marino National Library and Book Patrimony (Biblioteca di Stato e Beni Librari) San Marino [185]
São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé and Príncipe National Library of São Tomé and Príncipe (Biblioteca Nacional de São Tomé e Príncipe) São Tomé Yes [186]
Saudi Arabia Saudi Arabia King Fahad National Library (مكٺبة الملك فهد الوطنية) Riyadh [187]
Scotland Scotland National Library of Scotland (Leabharlann Nàiseanta na h-Alba) Edinburgh Yes [188]
Senegal Senegal National Library of Senegal (Bibliothèque Nationale du Sénégal, Bibliothèque des Archives nationales du Sénégal) Dakar [189]
Serbia Serbia National Library of Serbia (Народна библиотека Србије) Belgrade [190]
Library of Matica srpska (Biblioteka Matice srpske) Novi Sad [191]
Seychelles Seychelles National Library of the Seychelles Mahé [192]
Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Sierra Leone Library Board[193] Freetown [194]
Singapore Singapore National Library, Singapore (Limited to Lee Kong Chian Reference Library, PublicationSG, and reference section of Regional Libraries / Public Libraries) Singapore [195]
Slovakia Slovakia Slovak National Library (Slovenská národná knižnica) Martin [196]
Slovenia Slovenia Narodna in univerzitetna knjižnica [National and University Library] Ljubljana [197]
Solomon Islands Solomon Islands National Library Service of the Solomon Islands Honiara
Somalia Somalia National Library of Somalia Mogadishu [32]
South... → see under the second word, with the two exceptions below
South Africa South Africa National Library of South Africa = Nasionale Biblioteek van Suid Afrika Pretoria and Cape Town [198]
South Sudan South Sudan
Spain Spain Biblioteca Nacional de España Madrid [199]
Catalonia Catalonia National Library of Catalonia (Biblioteca de Catalunya) Barcelona [200]
Sri Lanka Sri Lanka National Library of Sri Lanka Colombo [201]
Republika Srpska Republika Srpska → see under Bosnia and Herzegovina
Sudan Sudan Sudan Library Khartoum [202]
Suriname Suriname [No national library, but database available] [203]
Eswatini Swaziland Swaziland National Library Service Mbabane [204]
Sweden Sweden National Library of Sweden (Kungliga biblioteket) Stockholm Yes [205]
Switzerland Switzerland Swiss National Library (Schweizerische Nationalbibliothek = Bibliothèque nationale suisse = Biblioteca nazionale svizzera = Biblioteca naziunala svizra) Bern [206]
Syria Syria Al-Assad National Library (مكتبة الأسد الوطنية) Damascus [207]


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Taiwan Republic of China (Taiwan) → see under Other States
Tajikistan Tajikistan National Firdoussi Library (Национальная Библиотека Республики Таджикистан имени Абулькасыма Фирдавси) Dushanbe [208]
Tanzania Tanzania [209] National Central Library / Tanzania Library Services Board [sw] = Bodi Ya Huduma Za Maktaba Tanzania[210] Dar es Salaam [211]
Tatarstan Tatarstan → see under Russia
Thailand Thailand National Library of Thailand (หอสมุดแห่งชาติ) Bangkok [212]
Togo Togo National Library of Togo (Bibliothèque nationale du Togo) Lomé [213]
Tonga Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago Trinidad and Tobago National Library and Information System Port of Spain [214]
Tunisia Tunisia National Library of Tunisia (Bibliothèque nationale de Tunisie = المكتبة الوطنية التونسية) Tunis [215]
Turkey Turkey National Library of Turkey (Milli Kütüphane) Ankara [216]
National Library of İzmir (İzmir Milli Kütüphanesi) İzmir [217]
Turkmenistan Turkmenistan National Library of Turkmenistan Ashgabat
Tuvalu Tuvalu National Library and Archives of Tuvalu Funafuti


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Uganda Uganda National Library of Uganda Kampala [218]
Ukraine Ukraine Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine (Національна бібліотека України імені В.І. Вернадського) Kiev [219]
United Arab Emirates United Arab Emirates Cultural Foundation National Library Abu Dhabi [220]
United Kingdom United Kingdom, EnglandEngland British Library London and Boston Spa (Wetherby) Yes [221]
ScotlandScotland National Library of Scotland Edinburgh Yes [188]
WalesWales National Library of Wales (Llyfrgell Genedlaethol Cymru) Aberystwyth Yes [222]
BermudaBermuda Bermuda National Library Hamilton [223]
British Virgin IslandsVirgin Islands, British Library Services Department Road Town [224]
Isle of ManIsle of Man National Library and Archives (Manx National Heritage) Douglas [225]
JerseyJersey Jersey Library Saint Helier [226]
United States United States Library of Congress (de jure) Washington, D.C. Yes [227]
National Library of Education [228]
National Transportation Library [229]
National Library of Medicine Bethesda [230]
National Agricultural Library Beltsville [231]
Uruguay Uruguay National Library of Uruguay (Biblioteca Nacional del Uruguay) Montevideo [232]
Uzbekistan Uzbekistan National Library of Uzbekistan Tashkent [233]


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Vanuatu Vanuatu National Library of Vanuatu Port Vila [234]
Vatican City Vatican City Vatican Library (Biblioteca Apostolica Vaticana) Vatican City [235]
Venezuela Venezuela National Library of Venezuela (Biblioteca Nacional de Venezuela) Caracas [236]
Vietnam Vietnam National Library of Vietnam (Thư Viện Quốc Gia Việt Nam) Hanoi [237]


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Wales Wales → see under United Kingdom


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Yemen Republic of Yemen National Library of Yemen Aden


Country Library City Legal deposit Source
Zambia Zambia Zambia Library Service Lusaka
Zimbabwe Zimbabwe National Archives of Zimbabwe Library Harare? [238]

Other States[edit]

Country Library City Source
Abkhazia Abkhazia I.G. Papaskir National Library of Abkhazia Sukhumi
Kosovo Kosovo National and University Library of Kosovo (Biblioteka Kombëtare dhe Universitare e Kosovës) Pristina [239]
Northern Cyprus Northern Cyprus National Library of Northern Cyprus (Milli Kütüphane) North Nicosia [240]
Taiwan Republic of China (Taiwan) National Central Library (國家圖書館) Taipei [241]

State libraries[edit]

A state library is established by a state to serve as the preeminent repository of information for that region.





The member states of the Swiss Confederation are the 26 cantons of Switzerland. The cantonal libraries [de] (German Kantonsbibliothek, French Bibliothèque cantonale, Italian Biblioteca cantonale, Romansh Biblioteca chantunala) are:

United States[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ According to the United Nations, as of 2010 approximately 36 percent of adult Central Africans can read.[39]
  2. ^ According to the United Nations, as of 2016 approximately 22 percent of adult Chadians can read.[39]
  3. ^ According to the United Nations, as of 2012 approximately 15 percent of adult Nigeriens can read.[39]


  1. ^ "Biblioteka Kombëtare e Shqipërisë".
  2. ^
  3. ^
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