List of national parks

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This is a list of the number of national parks per nation, as defined by the International Union for Conservation of Nature. Nearly 100 countries around the world have lands classified as a national park by this definition.

Note that this article links to list articles of national parks by country on Wikipedia in the "Country" column in the tables.

Africa[edit]

Mountain gorillas in Bwindi Impenetrable National Park, Uganda
Oryx in the Awash National Park, Ethiopia
Country Oldest
(year)
Number
of parks
Total area
km²
Percentage
of country area
Algeria 1929 10 122,352 5.1%
Angola 10
Benin 2
Botswana 1968 4 56,258 9.67%
Burkina Faso 1954 4
Burundi 1934 3 1,014 3.6%
Cameroon 27
Cape Verde 1
Central African Republic 5
Chad 1963 4 14,540 1.13%
Comoros 1
Democratic Republic of the Congo 9
Republic of the Congo 5
Côte d'Ivoire 1953 9
Djibouti 3
Egypt 1983 5 4,353 4.3%
Equatorial Guinea 3
Eritrea 2
Eswatini 1
Ethiopia 1959 13 45,417 1.8%
Gabon 2002 13 26,766 10.0%
Gambia 1978 5 169.9 1.5%
Ghana 1971 7
Guinea 3
Guinea-Bissau 6
Kenya 1946 24
Lesotho 2
Liberia 10
Libya 6
Madagascar 1958 26 14,327 2.4%
Malawi 1966 6
Mali 4
Mauritania 2
Mauritius 1994 3 7,160 3.5%
Morocco 1942 12
Mozambique 1960 7 40,970 5.1%
Namibia 1907 20 10,878 13.2%
Niger 1954 1
Nigeria 1979 12 20,156 3.0%
Rwanda 3
Sao Tome and Principe 1
Senegal 6
Seychelles 1973 8
Sierra Leone 1986 8
Somalia 12
South Africa 1926 21 37,000 3%
South Sudan 10
Sudan 4
Tanzania 1951 18 42,000 4.44%
Togo 3
Tunisia 1980 17
Uganda 1952 10
Zambia 1924 28 240,836.48 32%
Zimbabwe 1926 11

Asia[edit]

Lake Band-e-Amir the national park of Afghanistan.
Country Oldest
(year)
Number
of parks
Total area
km²
Percentage
of country area
Afghanistan 2009 2
Armenia 4
Azerbaijan 2003 11
Bangladesh 18
Bhutan 5 8,008 20.8%
Brunei 2
Cambodia 1993 8 7,422.5 4.1%
People's Republic of China 2016 11
Georgia 11
India 1936 116 38,136 1.16%
Indonesia 1980 54 160,520 8.43%
Iran 1974 16 19,757 1.2%
Iraq 2
Israel 1964 69 6,400 30%
Japan 1934 33 20,482 5.4%
Kazakhstan 13
Kyrgyzstan 1976 13 7,246.7 3.625%
Lebanon 4
Malaysia 29
Mongolia 1783[1][2][3] 10
Myanmar 1982 9 10,351 1.5%
Nepal 1973 12 34,426 23.39%
North Korea 9
Oman 1
Pakistan 1972 26 132,919.71 6.63%
Philippines 36 1,820 0.6%
Russia 1983 48 144,072
Saudi Arabia 3
South Korea 1967 31 6,656 6.67%[4]
Sri Lanka 1938 26
Republic of China (Taiwan) 1984 9 3,104 8.6%
Timor-Leste 2
Thailand 1961 147 61,413 11.96%
Turkey 1958 43 8,481 1%
United Arab Emirates 4
Uzbekistan 2
Vietnam 1962 32
Yemen 2

Europe[edit]

A wisent in the Białowieża Forest, Poland
A Welsh Mountain Pony in the Brecon Beacons National Park, Wales
A sunset over the lakes in Mljet National Park in Croatia
Country Oldest
(year)
Number
of parks
Total area
km²
Percentage
of country area
Albania 1966 14 1,177 4.1%
Austria 1981 7 2,521 3.0%
Belarus 1939 4 2,222 1.0%
Belgium 2001 2 75 0.2%
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1965 4 404 0.8%
Bulgaria 1963 3 1,930 1.8%
Croatia 1949 8 994 1.8%
Czech Republic 1963 4 1,190 1.5%
Denmark[note 1] 2008 5 2,322 5.4%
Estonia 1971 5 1,927 4.3%
Finland 1956 40 9,892[5] 2.9%
France[note 2] 1963 10 60,728[6] 9.5%
Georgia 1946 11 5,111 7.0%
Germany 1970 16 10,395 2.7%
Greece 1938 15 6,960 3.6%
Hungary 1972 10 4,819 5.2%
Iceland 1928 3 12,407 12.1%
Ireland 1932 6 650 0.9%
Italy 1922 25 15,000 5.0%
Kazakhstan 1985 13 18,876 0.7%
Kosovo 1986 2 1,014.88 9.3%
Latvia 1973 4 2,065 3.2%
Lithuania 1974 5 1,554 2.4%
Malta 2007 1 2.5 0.69%
Montenegro 1952 5 1,096 7.9%
Netherlands 1930 21 1,251 3.0%
North-Macedonia 1948 3 974 3.8%
Norway 1962 47 24,060 6.3%
Poland 1932 23 3,149 1.0%
Portugal 1971 1 702 0.8%
Romania 1935 14 3,158 1.3%
Russia 1983 48 73,000 0.4%
Serbia 1960 5 1,775 2.3%
Slovakia 1949 9 3,690 7.5%
Slovenia 1961 1 838 4.1%
Spain 1918 16 3,845 0.8%
Sweden 1909 30 7,199 1.6%
Switzerland 1914 1 170 0.4%
Turkey 1958 43 8,481 1.0%
Ukraine 1980 17 7,020 1.2%
United Kingdom 1951 15 19,989 8.2%
By region

North and Central America[edit]

Country Oldest
(year)
Number
of parks
Total area
km²
Percentage
of country area
Antigua and Barbuda 6
Aruba 1
Bahamas 40
Barbados 1
Belize 1986 18 1,701 7.4%
British Virgin Islands 34
Canada 1885 47 377,000 3.78%
Costa Rica 1955 29 12,913 25.1%
Cuba 14
Curacao 6
Dominica 1975 3 107 7.01%
Dominican Republic 1956 29
El Salvador 8
Grenada 3
Guatemala 1955 22
Haiti 1983 16 88 0.31%
Honduras 9
Jamaica 1
Mexico 1917 67 14,320 0.73%
Nicaragua 1979 3 25,327 0.2%
Panama 1976 16
Saint Kitts & Nevis 5
Saint Lucia 2
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 1
Trinidad & Tobago 1
Turks and Caicos Island 11
United States 1872 62 210,000 2.19%
US Virgin Islands 1

South America[edit]

Country Oldest
(year)
Number
of parks
Total area
km²
Percentage
of country area
Argentina[7] 1922 37 38,452 1.38%
Bolivia 1939 13 65,910 6%
Brazil[8] 1937 72 250,000 2.968%
Chile[9] 1926 41 146,046 19.3%
Colombia 1960 60 142,541 12.5%
Ecuador 1959 12 34,733 12.2%
Guyana 1929 1
Paraguay 1948 15 60,662 14.9%
Peru 1961 15 79,665 6.2%
Uruguay 1937 7
Venezuela 1937 46 199,418 21.76%
French Guiana: see France

Oceania[edit]

Country Oldest
(year)
Number
of parks
Total area
km²
Percentage
of country area
American Samoa 1
Australia 1879 685 335,062 4.36%
Cook Islands 1
Fiji 1987 1
New Zealand 1887 13 28,873 10.8%
Papua New Guinea 8
Samoa 3
Solomon Islands 1
Tonga 3
Hawaii: see United States
Easter Island: see Chile

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Refers to mainland Denmark only (part in Europe). For Greenland, see Northeast Greenland National Park, Greenland's only national park, which was established in 1974 and is the world's largest at 971,000 km² (44.8% of Greenland's area).
  2. ^ Includes overseas departments (outside Europe) where there are three national parks: the 33,900 km² Guiana Amazonian Park in French Guiana, 1,054 km² Réunion National Park in Réunion and 173 km² Guadeloupe National Park in Guadeloupe.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hardy, U. (9 April 2017). "The 10 Oldest National Parks In The World". The CultureTrip. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  2. ^ Whitten, T. (28 April 2009). "Mongolia: tough decisions about the world's oldest nature reserve". The World Bank. Retrieved 21 December 2017.
  3. ^ Bonnett, A. (2016). The Geography of Nostalgia: Global and Local Perspectives on Modernity and Loss. Routledge. p. 68. ISBN 978-1-315-88297-0.
  4. ^ "e-나라지표 국립공원현황". Statistics Korea. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  5. ^ Number and Size of Protected Areas Managed by Metsähallitus Number and Size of Protected Areas Managed by Metsähallitus, Metsähallitus, retrieved 2016-11-30
  6. ^ Les dix parcs nationaux français, Parcs nationaux de France, archived from the original on 2012-08-05, retrieved 2012-07-22
  7. ^ "Sistema de Información de Biodiversidad - Áreas Protegidas" (in Spanish). Retrieved 11 July 2017.
  8. ^ "Federal conservation units of Brasil". Retrieved September 25, 2012.
  9. ^ Corporación Nacional Forestal (Chile National Forest Corporation), retrieved 19 July 2017
  10. ^ "Áreas Silvestres Protegidas del Paraguay. SINASIP" (PDF). Awsassets.panda.org. Retrieved 5 February 2019.